THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE TENSE

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					THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: (S + V1 ) (do/does)

We use the Simple Present Tense…..

a) to talk about habits and how often they happen.
   e.g. We go to the cinema every Sunday.

b) to state general truth
  e.g. Near the equator,the sun evaporates great quantities of water.
       A molecule of water has 2 atoms of hydrogen and one of oxygen.
       The moon goes round the earth.
       Popular CDs sell really fast.
       The sun rises in the east.

c) to talk about permanent situations
   e.g. I work in Paris.
       Simon works for an insurance company.
       We live in Ankara.

d) to say when things happen if they take place regularly.
  e.g. Jim and Jane eat dinner at 7 o’clock.

e) to describe the plot of films and books. (plot summaries and historical tables)

  e.g. The film begins in Bodrum and ends in İstanbul. The year is 1995.

       1789       The French Revolution begins.
       1939       The second World War starts.



THE SIMPLE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE: (am/is/are Ving )

We use the present continuous tense….

a) to suggest that an action is temporary ,often with words like now, at the moment,
   at present or just

  e.g. At the moment they’re sending all the mail by courier,because the Post Office is on strike.
       Jim is working in Brighton this week.(= He doesn’t usually work in Brighton)
       Sarah and Jim are eating breakfast at present.

b) for an action around the time of speaking,which has begun but is not finished .

  e.g. I’m doing my homework.

c) a repeated temporary event (a time expression is necessary)

  e.g. Whenever I see Sarah she is smoking.
       You’re making the same mistake again!


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d) for an annoying habit.(a frequent adverb is necessary)

  e.g. You’re always borrowing money from me !
       You’re always buying new clothes !(=you buy too many)
       I’m always forgetting people’s names.(=It’s very irritating)

e) for future arrangements
   e.g. Tim is going away this weekend.
        We’re flying to London at 10 on Saturday morning.

f) for changing or developing situations
  e.g. The earth’s temperature is rising.
        That group is becoming more well known.

g) with always when something unexpected happens several times.
   e.g. I’m always meeting my neighbour Susan near the Post Office. I think she works
        somewhere near there.




STATE VERBS (non-action verbs)

These verbs are nearly always used in a simple rather than a continuous tense. They are
mostly about thoughts,feelings, senses, and belongings

Thoughts: believe,understand,feel(=believe),think(=believe), mean,know,realise,recognise,
         remember,suppose.
         e.g. I think he’s wrong.


          (‘feel’ and ‘think’ are not state verbs when they mean the action.)
           e.g. I’m thinking about my holiday.
               We’re feeling cold.

Feelings: adore,prefer,wish,want,love,like,hate,despise,dislike
          e.g. They despise me because of the way I’m living.
               I like icecream very much.

Belongings: belong,have/have got /own/possess
           e.g. It belongs to Jim.
                Mr Gates has the biggest company in this town.




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            ( have can be continuous when it does not mean ‘possess’)
            e.g. Simon’s having a difficult time at school this term.
                 They’re having breakfast at the moment.

Senses: smell, taste, hear,see

         e.g. I hear what she’s saying to me,but I don’t agree.
             This meal smells wonderful.
             It tastes delicious.
             Do you see anyone walking in the room?

         (‘taste’ and ‘smell’ can be continuous when they mean the action)
          e.g. She’s tasting the soup.

          (‘see’ can be continuous when it means ‘meet’)
           e.g. Are you seeing the doctor today?

          (‘listen to’ ,’watch’ ,and ‘look at’ are not state verbs and can be continuous.)
           e.g. Mark is watching a video upstairs and Susan is listening to music.


          Other state verbs: contain, deserve, fit, seem, look(=seem),look like,matter,weigh

          e.g. This medicine contains caffein.
               Jim weighs 70 kilos.
               (‘weigh’ can be continuous when it means the action)
                 e.g. The shop assistant is weighing the cheese.



 Exercises
A) Fill in the blanks the simple present or continuous tense

1.  We can go out now. It ……………….(not/rain).
2.  I think Jill and Mark have had an argument.They …………….(not/talk) each other.
3.  What time ………….the banks………………..(open) in Turkey?
4.  It …………………..(take)me only half an hour to finish my English homework.
    How long ………..it……………..(take) you?
 5. How often ………….she……………..(do) exercise?
 6. Mary wants to lose weight,so this week she……………………….(not/eat) dinner.
 7. A: My daughter is a student at university.
    B: Ohh..Really? What……………she…………..(study)?
 8. Mary is on holiday in Australia.She phoned me last night.She ………………….(have) a
    great time and doesn’t want to return.
 9. You……………………..(make) so much noise.Will you be quieter?
10. Vegetarians…………………..(not eat) meat.
11. The Kızılırmak ………………….(flow) into the Black Sea.
12. The cost of living……………………(change). Things are more expensive every year.
13. In the world the economic situation is……………….(get) worse.
14. An atheist …………………….(not/believe) in God.


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15. It’s a beautiful day.I ………………. (suggest) we have a picnic.
16. I ……………… (think) Jim will be the winner.
17. I…………………(think) of changing my car.
18. A: ………Mark………….(work) this week?
    B: No,I………………..(not/think) so.
19. Why are the students there? What……… they …….(do)?
20. The earth……………..(not/go) round the sun but the sun ………….(go) round the earth.


B)Choose the correct form(simple present or continuous)

1. Why …..you ……(look) at me like that?
2. I……….(think) you’re right.
3. We………..(have)a great time.
4. They ……..(appear) to have a problem.
5. Yıldız Kenter……………..(appear) at the Çayyolu Theatre next week.
6. Jim………………...(have)plenty of money just now.
7 .I…….(see)the dentist this afternoon.
8. I…….(see)what you’re trying to say.
9. She…………………..(stil/have) pain in her arm but I think it………………(get)beter.
10.I………………..(feel) very tired today.
11.I …………………(feel)he’s making a mistake.
12.We usually …………………(stay) with Sally when we go to Paris.
13.What………………..(happen)in golf if you lose the ball?
14.I……………….(play) tenis every weekend.
15.Look! He……………….(wear)a smart black suit.
16.Nobody …………………….(get )up early for fun.
17.She …………….(get) better day by day.
18.I …………..(think) he’s away.
19.Now I………………….(understand)what she wants.
20.They always………………(start) at eight.
21.Her husband………………..(taste)the soup she has made.
22.The meal ……………..(taste) delicious.
23.Who ………..these keys……………(belong) to?
24.She…………………(have) a shower at present.
25.We …………………(not/have) anything to eat.



                                    Prepeared by Güzin Akkaya
                                                 MEB Ankara Hizmetiçi Eğitim Enstitüsü




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