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PROBLEM MANAGEMENT _ SOLUTION FOCUSED THERAPY

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					   PROBLEM MANAGEMENT &
SOLUTION FOCUSED THERAPY

               WEEK NINE
PROBLEM SOLVING BASICS
        Not always necessary!

        Don’t rush

        Check Perceptions

        Let them choose, Ask open-ended
         questions

        Focus on the present and be concrete
         through feelings and actions

        SUMMARIZE what you’ve heard
A 6-Step Method For Problem Management

                 3. Brainstorm
                  Options      4. Evaluate Options
2. Clarify the Goal

                                     5. Choose &
                                     Make a Plan
 1. Identify the
   Problem



                                   6. Follow Up
        STEP 1: IDENTIFY THE PROBLEM

 Correct perceptions?


  Facts and Feelings?

  More than one issue?
      STEP 2: CLARIFYING THE GOAL

 THE MIRACLE QUESTION



 EXCEPTION FINDING QUESTION



 SCALING QUESTIONS
         STEP 2: CLARIFYING THE GOAL
           THE MIRACLE QUESTION

 “Imagine you go to sleep and in the night a miracle
  happens and the problem we’ve been talking about
  is solved. But since you’re asleep you don’t know
  this yet. What will be different tomorrow that will
  let you know the miracle has happened?”

 Or: “Ideally, how would things turn out?”

 Don’t accept the absence of the problem, but the
  presence of a new behavior!
  STEP 2: CLARIFYING THE GOAL
EXCEPTION FINDING QUESTION
    Are there times when this problem doesn’t occur (or
     is less severe)?

    Are there times when things work well?

    Follow up with
       How do you get that to happen?
       How does it make your day go differently when _____?


    See page 61-62 in your EARS handbook!
              STEP 2: CLARIFYING THE GOAL
                SCALING QUESTIONS
 “On a scale of 1 to 10, where 10 is all the of these problems are solved (the
  miracle) and one is the worst you’ve ever been, where are you today?”




 If IG answers miracle question: “I would have won the lottery” you can use
  this as “10” and scale from there. That way realistic problem solving can
  still occur.
       STEP 3: BRAINSTORM ALTERNATIVES

 Exception finding question is a good
  transition to this step.
    When has this happened before?
    What did you do then?


 What have you thought of doing? What
  else?
    NOT: “Have you thought of ____?”
    STEP 4: EXAMINE & EVALUATE ALTERNATIVES



 What are the advantages and
  disadvantages of each possible solution?

 What will help or hinder you? How?



 What’s the worst that could happen if…
           STEP 5: CHOOSE & MAKE A PLAN
                        Choosing
 After evaluating alternatives, the IG might be ready to
  choose one
    Which do you think you can and will do?
    If you can’t decide, what’s stopping you?
STEP 5: CHOOSE AND MAKE A PLAN
                   Making a Plan
   Allow IG to plan a course of action to reach goal.

      What specifically will you do next?
                                       CAT PLANNING


      How will you do it?

      When?
         STEP 6: REACT & EVALUATE
 You may ask:
   How will you know you have succeeded?


   What will you do if _____ happens? (if you don’t succeed)


   What supports do you have
   available?
          IF YOU DISAGREE WITH THE SOLUTION

 It’s their solution and problem, but if they make a
  decision that you really feel is not good or productive you
  can:

    Fnd out their goals and ask them “how does that relate
     to your goal?”


    Explore the consequences of their
    decisions

				
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