Police Organization and Management - PowerPoint by hcj

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									Police Organization and
Management

          Chapter #6
Police Mission in U.S.
         1. enforce / support _____
            2. investigate _____

            3. apprehend _____

               4. _____ crime

          5. ensure ___________

     6. provide community with _____
Enforcing law

 _____% - _____% of all calls to police
      require a police response
  Police must respond regardless
Crime prevention
         Proactive
               1.
            

               2.

            3.
   Prevention based on
          _____
Crime prevention
                    Compstat: crime
                     analysis & police
                   management based
                   upon crime mapping
                       ________ +
                        ________ +
                       __________ =
                        reduction or
                         lower risk
Quality of life issues

      Broken window theory
     Weed-and-seed programs
Police services

       911 – emergency calls
     311 – non-emergency calls
Preventive patrol
     Uniformed officers
          on street:
              1.

              2.

              3.

      4. psychological

       feeling of safety
Routine response
    2nd most important
          function

     Response time:
     from dispatch to
          arrival
Emergency response

       Critical incidences
     Human life in jeopardy
Crime scene

   Physical area where a crime is
    __________& __________
Crime scene response
      1. determine
     whether a crime’s
     been committed
        2. initiate

    enforcement action
   3. gather evidence
       4. forensic

         specialists
Problem solving

   SARA – scanning / analysis /
        respond / assess
Support services

   Dispatch / training / property
    control / records / evidence
Police management

   _____ / _____ / coordinating
           __________
Police Organization and Structure

 Most police organization is structured along
 lines of authority.
         Line Operations               Staff Operations
         Field activities or           Include support
          supervisory activities         roles, such as
          directly related to day-       administration
          to-day police work
Chain of command

  Unbroken line of authority that
  ________________________
Span-of-control

   __________ a ranked officer
          supervises
Historical Eras in American Policing
Styles of policing
Watchman style
  Maintain _____
  Control _____
      behavior
  Consider using

      ______
  Inner city style

   Urban areas
Legalistic style
                          Enforce the law

                      Ignore quality of life
                              issues
Service style
     Try to meet
    community needs

   Helping as opposed
        to arresting
Team policing

  Assign officers to fixed districts
   Get to know the community
Community policing
    Police-Community        At least 1 of 4 of the
          Relations                 following
  1. store front police     1. community-based

 2. neighborhood watch         crime prevention
      3. Project ID         2. re-orient police to

 4. Youth fingerprinting
                             non-emergency service
                              3. increase police

                                  accountability
                               4. decentralized

                                    command
Strategic policing

     Attacks organized crime:
Problem oriented

  Use social _____ to attack social
               ______
Critique of Community Policing

 Some criticize community policing, citing
 problems such as:
       Too abstract of a concept
       Hard-to-measure success
       Difficult to conceptualize and quantify
        “citizen success”
       Not readily accepted by all police officers or
        managers
       Difficulty coming to a consensus with regard
        to what’s considered a “community
        problem”
Impact of terrorism
     1. increased federal aid to ______
             2. re-define ______

         3. re-direct patrol to _____

             4. creation of _____

               5. protect people

              6. new technology
The International Association of Chiefs of
Police (IACP) Approach

IACP announced its Taking Command Initiative in
2004. They identified five key principles behind
an effective homeland security policy.
1. Homeland security proposals must be developed in
   local context.
2. Prevention is a key part of any strategy.
3. State and local law enforcement can help identify,
   investigate, and apprehend terrorist suspects.
4. Strategies must be coordinated nationally, not federally.
5. There cannot be a one-size-fits-all approach considering
   the vast diversity among state and local law
   enforcement and public safety agencies.
Intelligence-led policing
    Use of intelligence
     to fight terrorism
         Criminal
     intelligence – info
     compiled / analyzed
      / disseminated in
     order to anticipate /
      prevent / monitor
       criminal activity
The International Association of Chiefs of
Police (IACP) Approach

IACP announced its Taking Command Initiative in
2004. They identified five key principles behind
an effective homeland security policy.
1. Homeland security proposals must be developed in
   local context.
2. Prevention is a key part of any strategy.
3. State and local law enforcement can help identify,
   investigate, and apprehend terrorist suspects.
4. Strategies must be coordinated nationally, not federally.
5. There cannot be a one-size-fits-all approach considering
   the vast diversity among state and local law
   enforcement and public safety agencies.
MATRIX – multi-state anti-
terrorism information exchange

   Exchange of sensitive info b/w
       federal / state / local
     Boundary-less policing
NLETS – International Justice & Public
Safety Information Sharing Network

           1.           1. encrypted digital
                           communications
           2.             2. data bases:

                                 A.

           3.                   B.

                                 C.

                                 D.

                                 E.
    Fusions Centers
   1.            National
                  

             ________________
   2.             Center


   3.        National Gang
              ______________
                   Center
   4.
National Criminal Intelligence
        Sharing Plan
   1. promote

   2. share

   3. provide

   4.
Discretion = choice

 Basis of what a police officer does
discretion
                     Influences:
                 1. officer’s _____

                2. suspect’s _____

               3. department _____

                 4. _____ interest

              5. pressure from _____

               6. disagreement with
                         _____
Police ethics / accreditation
   Adhere to the moral
      duty / obligation
     that is inherent in
        police work

   National standards
    that include ethical
          behavior
Education / training

 http://www.mpoetc.state.pa.us/m
        potrs/site/default.asp
Selection process
                         1. written test
                          2. oral test

                     3. personal interview

                       4. physical agility

                               test
                       5. medical exam

                        6. drug testing

                     7. psychological test
Percentage of Local Police Departments Using Various
Recruit-Screening Methods, (Bureau of Justice Statistics,
2000)
Ethnic & gender diversity
   2000 – _____% of            Females
    officers were non-     ___% - all police
         Caucasian                 jobs
                            ___% - minority
                                 females
                              ___% - top
                                command
                          ___% - supervisors

                          ___% - line officers
    Female police officers
   Overview
      1.

      2.

      3.



       Types
         1.

         2.

								
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