Top 5 places for Vietnam Nature and Culture

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					Top 5 places, not to miss for Vietnamese nature and culture
                                           Vietnam Heritage Travel Company would like to
                                           recommend new 5 places not to miss for Vietnamese nature
                                           and culture.

                                            1. Tam Dao Hill Station - cool climate and tranquil trekking
                                            Only 80km away from Hanoi, Tam Dao Hill Station is a
                                            rather popular escape from the heat of the Red River Delta
                                            area. Hanoians come to Tam Dao every weekend and
                                            holiday, especially in summer when the temperature in the
                                            plain may be as high as 40oC. Thanks to the elevation of
more than 1200m, the climate in Tam Dao is purely cool with average temperature of 18oC in summer
and 10oC in winter, which could be ideal for tourists who are not familiar with the tropical heat and
want to find a place as cool as Sapa. Once the vacation resort of the French, Tam Dao comprised of
numerous grand colonial villas. However, most of them are destroyed during the war time in the 1950s
and what one can see today is a newly constructed mountain town that serves tourists' holiday. There
are now a wide range of hostels, hotels and resorts; and plentiful local specialties for visitors to try out.

In addition to the cool climate, this region provides full opportunity for physical activities such as
mountain sight-seeing, serious trekking and even bird-watching that Sapa has to compare. Nature lovers
who are fascinated about Sapa’s wild surrounding can also visit Tam Dao National Park with eight kinds
of forest types distributed in different topographic and climatic areas, more than 2000 plants and 904

2. Mai Chau - inhale the ethnic culture
It will be a 135km trip from Hanoi, or 60km trip from Hoa Binh City to reach Mai Chau, the green valley.
If you love to discover more about the daily life of ethnic minority groups, especially Thai people, Mai
Chau is surely a great choice. Stilt houses with exclusive Thai architecture line up on both sides of the
road in the valley. Tourists can visit those houses or even try cooking and making clothes in Thai style.
Homestay programs are available, and everybody will have great time watching traditional dancing and
music instrument performances, while enjoying local specialties such as rice cooked in bamboo tubes
and grilled meat on skewers.

There is a local market every Sunday with the participation of people from different minorities living in
the surrounding areas. This is a good chance for tourists to feel the mixed culture, as in Hoa Binh
Province, there are about six different minorities with distinctive languages, traditions and festivals.
From Mai Chau, one can also join one of the trekking tours to remote villages. Although Mai Chau's
weather is not as cool as in Sapa, it has otherwise many things else to offer: the landscape, the people,
the food, and the air. Currently, there are some agencies providing tours of Hanoi- Mai Chau-Sapa, in
which tourists will travel to Hoa Binh and stay at Mai Chau, then passing Son La province and Dien Bien
Phu Loop before reaching Sapa.

3. Lai Chau - panoramic landscape and untouched local culture
Located in the northwest region, Lai Chau is 450km northwestern from Hanoi. To reach this province,
you can choose Highway 12 (from Dien Bien Phu Loop) or Road 4D (from Sapa, catching local bus which
is available daily in Sapa terminal). Lai Chau has several highland villages such as Sin Ho, Ta Phin, Dao
San, most of which are at the altitude of more than 1500m. The high altitude makes the weather here
much like Sapa, cool and foggy with the average temperature of nearly 20oC and two seasons: dry and
rainy. The completely pure air is something that Sapa rea;;y has to envy.

Besides the high mountain ranges surrounding the province, Lai Chau is well-known for narrow valleys,
waterfalls, and the three large rivers: Da, Nam Na, and Nam Mu; which create the stunningly
picturesque sceneries. Visiting Lai Chau, tourists can not only go mountain trekking but also sail along Da
River, discover primitive caves or bathe in natural hot springs.

Especially, Lai Chau is home to nearly 20 ethnic minority groups, including H’Mong, Thai, Dao, Ha Nhi,
Mang and La Hu. Tourists will have an opportunity to witness the special multi-cultural society through
the original local market taken place every Thursday and Sunday morning or minorities’ authentic
festival such as Thai’s “Hoa Ban Festival” in the second lunar month or H’Mong’s “Gau Tao Festival” in

There are buses to Sapa departing from Lai Chau terminal every hour, starting from 5 in the morning. It
will be a 2-3 hour trip for the route of 175km.

4. Phia Den-Phia Oac - wild nature
Visiting Phia Den-Phia Oac (or Phia Dac), tourists will be amazed at the gorgeously wild panorama of
mighty mountain ranges, rivers, caves and huge areas of original forests. Belong to Nguyen Binh- a
remote district of Cao Bang Province, 240km far from Hanoi, Phia Den-Phia Vac is a potential ecotourism
spot in Vietnam’s northwest region.

The 1500m average elevation with the highest peak up to 1931m makes Phia Den- Phia Vac covered in
mist all the time, which is similar to Sapa’s climate. In the past, the area shared the same historic
background with Sapa, as it was controlled by the French colonialists for exploiting aromatic wood and
other precious minerals. Consequently, there are several French villas and military posts like Tai Soong,
Tatsloom still remained here. For culture discovering purpose, tourists can meet a lot of Dao minority
people living scattered throughout the area.

Cao Bang is 272km north of Hanoi following National Highway No.3. There are direct buses departing
from Cao Bang terminal to Lao Cai terminal and vice versa, so reaching Sapa from here is pretty

5. Mu Cang Chai - unparalleled for photographs
Lying quietly between two mountain sides in Yen Bai Province, Mu Cang Chai, one of Vietnam’s poorest
regions, possesses many terraced fields which have been regarded as a national level heritage and Asia’s
most beautiful ones. If you have ever fallen in love with the terraced fields in Sapa, Mu Cang Chai will
definitely take your breath away. The little town is 300km far from Hanoi, and can be reached only from
Yen Bai City or Lao Cai via rough roads with continuous slopes and passes. Remote as it is, Mu Cang Chai
can still reserve the wildly primitive beauty. Everything, both nature and human, is pure and untouched,
and perfect for both trekking and sightseeing.

About the cultural discovery aspect, 90% of residents here are Hmong people, and Thai people cover
only 8%. While Thai people build houses and live in lower area, Hmong people populate and cultivate on
high hills. They are the creator of breathtaking view of terraced fields sloped gently along the
mountainsides. Mu Cang Chai gives us a chance to live slowly, to embrace the peacefully natural beauty
and be moved by the honest and innocent local ethnic people. Mu Cang Chai is only 170km far from
Sapa, however, you are advised reach Mu Cang Chai by renting a car with local driver. Another option is
to get back from Mu Cang Chai to Tu Le or Than Tuyen to take local bus to Sapa in the direction of Lao
This article is written by Ha Nguyen from Vietnam Heritage Travel Company for original article and more
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