Fraser Island Amphibians and Reptiles (PDF)

Document Sample
Fraser Island Amphibians and Reptiles (PDF) Powered By Docstoc
					                                          Fraser Island Amphibians and Reptiles

      Fraser Island in the southern coast of Queensland, Australia is one of the best tourist locations in
      the whole of Australia. The 120 kilometers long and approximately 24 kilometers wide island is
      known for its abundant flora and fauna of different species. Known for a fact as Queensland’s
      largest island and Australia’s sixth, it is also an island known for its magnificence.

      Fraser has rainforests, eucalyptus woodlands, swamps and sand dunes which are homes for
      countless animals and bird species. The island is practically made up of sand but plant life is
      thriving due to the mycorrhizal fungi in the sand that gives nutrients to the plants.

      What’s more amazing about the Fraser Island is its abundance in wildlife. The wildlife is considered
      very unique. Fraser Island is separated from mainland Australia and therefore the gene pool of
      animals is confined within the area for centuries. The animals have no contact with the mainland
      breed so they are of the purest.

      Aside from the popular dingoes that live in the island that’s considered the purest of all species
      that’s left in the country, the island is also very popular for being the home for countless reptiles
      and amphibians.

      Fraser Island is home to 79 species of reptiles and 19 kinds of snakes. Lizards, freshwater and sea
      snakes and various freshwater and salt water turtles live in swamps, lakes and along the ocean

      Reptiles in the include island tortoises, frilled lizards, geckos, skinks, sand goannas, snakes and an
      extremely large variety of frogs.

      Fraser Island Snakes

      Among the 19 species of snakes that inhabit the island 6 of them are considered very dangerous
      and ultimately deadly. But compared to China, Africa and other countries with venomous snakes,
      Fraser Island snakes have caused very little deaths. This is due to the sands that cover the area.
      Sands carries vibrations on the ground very easily so these deadly snakes hear human
      approaching even before they come very near. Fraser island snakes are considered shy as they
      hide and they do not attack. They fear humans more than humans fear them so these snakes are
      very less dangerous than what they are supposed to be and not usually seen roaming around.

      One of the most poisonous snakes in Fraser Island is the Death Adder. Death Adder is a short
      snakes that grows up to only about 50 centimeters. It has a thick body and triangular head. Unlike
      other snakes with somewhat pointed tails, this snake’s tail looks like it’s just been cut off. They are
      usually found in the Eucalyptus forest and they do not retreat from the sound of humans. This
      leads to a rather unusual fate for these poisonous snakes as they are usually stepped upon and
      they are not ready biters. They are usually gray colored or reddish brown.

      Another dangerous snake is the Coastal Taipan. These snakes live among the moorlands, wetlands
      and rainforests. They hunt during the day and can grow up to 3 meters long. These snakes are
      colored dark brown to a lighter creamy color. They usually flight when humans approach but can

Fraser Island Discovery: Fraser Island Tours - 186 Gympie Terrace, Noosaville QLD 4566   T   (07) 5449 0393,
       become aggressive when it feels cornered so it is advised to leave the snake alone when it
       happens to be around.

       The Mulga Snake is also one of the deadly snakes in the Fraser Island. It is actually found all over
       Australia except for Victoria. This dark and speckled snake grows up to 1.5 meters to 3 meters in
       length. When bitten by this snakes, it would be much like as being hit by a sledge-hammer.

       Other kinds of snakes are Sylvia’s blind snakes, proximus blind snakes, eastern small blotched
       pythons, carpet pythons, some species of rear fanged snakes, and several front fanged snakes
       such as white-crowned snakes, dwarf-crowned snakes, golden-crowned snakes, eastern brown
       snakes and the eastern bandy. There are still other fanged snakes and a lot of sea snakes that
       consider the Island as their home.


       Fraser Island is known to inhabit freshwater and sea water turtles. Lakes and beaches are home to
       different turtles that can be usually seen around the area.

       Eastern Long-Necked turtle live in the freshwater lakes and usually grows up to 25 centimeters in
       length and have reddish-brown tinge on their shells. They have webbed claws that are strong
       enough to carry them on sand and for swimming and they have strong jaws that can tear large
       pieces of flesh. When they are nervous, these turtles emit a strong pungent smell as their defense
       mechanism. They love to spend most of their time on the lakes while standing on the sand in the

       Other freshwater turtles are the broad-shelled river turtles, and the Fraser Island short-necked
       turtles. Leatherback turtles can also be spotted in the island and some sea turtles like the green
       sea turtles, hawksbill turtles, and loggerhead turtles.

       Other Reptiles and Amphibians

       The island is home to quite a number of frog species. They continue to evolve to adapt to the
       acidic waters of freshwater lakes and swamps. These frogs are called acid frogs. Acid frogs are
       among the 23 species of amphibians present in the island. Acid frogs include Cooloola tree frog
       and the wallum rocket frog. The cane toads are now considered pests that can be found
       throughout the island.

       The island also has a recently discovered skink. The skink is called the Fraser Island san skink.
       Saltwater crocodiles are also occasional visitors of the island. Although they don’t really inhabit the
       place, they can be seen around the island during summer. They are really from North Queensland
       that is several hundreds of kilometers from Fraser Island. But when the temperature gets warmer,
       they move to the Island and also disappear during cold months. They grow at about 4 meters in

       Other reptiles and amphibians that dwell within the island are geckoes like the wood geckoes,
       dubious dtella, and southern spotted geckoes; dragons such as the nobbi, frilled lizards, bearded
       dragon, eastern water dragon; goannas like sand monitors and lace monitors; Burton’s legless
       lizards and various skinks.

Fraser Island Discovery: Fraser Island Tours - 186 Gympie Terrace, Noosaville QLD 4566   T   (07) 5449 0393,

Shared By:
Description: Fraser Island in the southern coast of Queensland, Australia is one of the best tourist locations in the whole of Australia.