What is Bed Bug

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					Bed Bugs: Fact Sheet and Guidelines
for School Personnel


        Bed bugs are flat, oval creatures that are reddish brown in color. Like fleas, ticks and
         head lice, they feed on blood. They can survive for months without feeding.
        Bed bugs are not known to transmit disease.
        They are about the size of an apple seed, but are difficult to locate because they spend
         their days hiding in headboards, box springs and the cracks and crevices of mattresses.
         Careful inspection is necessary to locate an infestation. Dark spots or smears (excreted
         digested blood) are signs of an infestation.
        They come out to feed in the middle of the night, which is why people who have bed
         bugs in their homes typically wake up in the morning with evidence of bites on their
         face, neck, arms and hands.
        Bed bugs can be quite difficult to exterminate completely, particularly if the infestation
         has significantly grown before it was discovered.
        While bed bugs are not a serious medical concern, they can present a significant
         headache for a household. These stubborn critters can be quite difficult to exterminate
         and usually require professional services to do so. Many pesticides are not
         recommended on bedding.
        It can also take some time to completely extinguish a bed bug infestation, with some
         homes requiring many months of treatment before the insects are completely gone.


School Implications

        Bed bugs can “hitchhike” into schools on student’s clothes or backpacks
        If a bed bug is located on a student, it is important to address the issue with care and
         sensitivity.
        There is no association between cleanliness and bed bug infestations.
        Remove the bug with tissue and place in a baggie for future identification.
        The student does not need to go home.
        Have the student go to the Health Office for further inspection. If the student has more
         than one insect on them, have them change clothes. Tightly seal the clothes in a bag
         for transport home.
        Notify the parent so a home inspection can be performed and clothes cleaned.
        Provide the parent with information and resources (see Parent Info Sheet).
        Vacuuming is an effective way to remove bed bugs. Replace the vacuum bag when
         finished and place in a sealed trash liner for disposal.
        Bed bugs are sensitive to heat. Washing clothes and bedding in hot water and heat
         drying will kill them.
        If a classroom infestation is suspected, contact District operations for room cleaning and
         advice.
        Prevention strategies: Hang backpacks and coats individually in the classroom.
         Upholstered furniture can become infested, so remove from your class.
        Remove classroom clutter.


Reference: 2010: Maricopa County Health Department, Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet, AZ cooperative Extension Pest
Press, 9/2010
                         Parent Information Sheet: Bed Bugs


Source: Medline Plus www.medlineplus.gov

Bed bugs feed on blood and cause itchy bites. Adult bed bugs are brown, 1/4 to 3/8
inch long, and have a flat, oval-shaped body. Young bed bugs (called nymphs) are
smaller and lighter in color. Bed bugs hide in a variety of places around the bed. They
might also hide in other places, such as in the seams of chairs and couches, between
cushions, and in the folds of curtains. They come out to feed on blood about every five
to ten days. They can survive over a year without feeding.

To prevent bed bugs in your home:

        Check secondhand furniture or clothes for any signs of bedbugs before bringing
         them home.

        Use a protective cover that encases mattresses and box springs. Check it
         regularly for holes.

        Reduce clutter in your home so they have fewer places to hide.

        Unpack directly into your washing machine after a trip and check your luggage
         carefully. When staying in hotels, put your suitcases on luggage racks instead of
         the floor. Check the mattress and headboard for signs of bedbugs. Do not lay
         any clothing on the floor.


To get rid of bedbugs:

        Wash and dry bedding and clothing at high temperatures.

        Use mattress, box spring, and pillow encasements to trap bed bugs and help
         detect infestations.

        Use pesticides if needed, but get the advice from a professional. Do not sleep on
         a mattress that has just been treated with a pesticide.

        Vacuum infested areas often then dispose of the vacuum bag in a trash liner.


       Unlike some other pests, bed bugs don’t transmit and spread diseases


Contact your medical provider, school nurse or Maricopa County Health Department
with questions (602-506-6868).
                 INFORMACIÓN POR PADRES: Chinches


Fuente de Información: Medline Plus       www.medlineplus.gov



Los chinches alimentarán en sangre y causen piquetes con mucha comezón. Los
chinches adultos son color de café, 1/4 a 3/8 pulgada, y su cuerpos son planos y
óvalos. Chinches juveniles son más chiquitos y más claros de color. Chinches
esconden in varios lugares en la cama. También es posible que escondan en lugares
como las costuras de sillas y sofás, entre los cojines y en los dobles de cortinas.
Vengan en la noche a alimentar en sangre como cada 5 a 10 días. Pueden vivir más de
un año sin alimentación.

Para evitar los chinches en su casa:

      Revise muebles y ropa de segunda mano por señales de chinches antes de poner
       los en la casa.
      Use un cubrecama protectora que encierre el colchón. Revise el cubrecama por
       agujeros regularmente.
      Reducir la habitación de desorden a dar los chinches menos lugares a esconder.
      Después de un viaje, desempacar directamente en su machina de lavar y revise
       su equipaje con cuidado. Cuando quedarán en hoteles, póngase su equipaje en
       un rejilla en vez del piso. Revise los colchones y cabeceras por señales de
       chinches. Nunca ponga ropa en el piso.

Para eliminar los chinches:

    Lave y seca su ropa y la ropa de cama en temperaturas altas.
    Use cubrecama por colchón y una funda de almohada protectora para atrapar y
      detectar una infestación.
    Use pesticida si es necesario, pero consulta con un especialista. No duerme en
      un colchón que apenas había de tratado con pesticida.
    Aspire áreas infestados con frecuencia y luego desechar la bolsa de la aspiradora
      en una otra bolsa plástico de basura.
       Los chinches no transmiten ni propagan enfermedades
Se puede contactar su proveedor médico, enfermera escolar o el Departamento de
Salud del Condado Maricopa con sus preguntas (602-506-6868).

				
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