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					330                                    Economics                                              330
                                                                                                              330 Economics
                                                                                              330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




[330   *‡Economics
           Including interdisciplinary works on economic rights
           Class here comprehensive works on economics and management
           Unless other instructions are given, observe the following table of preference,
           e.g., finance as an economic factor in international economics 332.042 (not 337):

              Cooperatives                                               334
              Public finance                                             336
              Economics of labor, finance, land, energy                  331–333
              Production, Commerce (381–382), Communications
                 (383–384), Transportation (385–388)                     338
              Macroeconomics and related topics                          339
              International economics                                    337
              Socialism and related systems                              335
           Class economic rights in the sense of welfare rights in 361.614
               For management, see 658. For a specific kind or aspect of economic rights,
               see the kind or aspect, e.g., political aspects of property rights 323.46
               See Manual at 330 vs. 650, 658                                                                 330 Economics
                                                                                              330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




                              SUMMARY
         [330.01–.09          Standard subdivisions
            [.1            Systems, schools, theories
            [.9            Economic situation and conditions

         [331        Labor economics
            [.01–.09         Standard subdivisions and industrial relations by industry and
                                occupation
            [.1          Labor force and market
            [.2          Conditions of employment
            [.3          Workers by age group
            [.4          Women workers
            [.5          Workers by personal attributes other than age
            [.6          Workers by ethnic and national origin
            [.7          Labor by industry and occupation
            [.8          Labor unions, labor-management bargaining and disputes

         [332        Financial economics
            [.01–.09         Standard subdivisions, personal finance, special topics
            [.1           Banks
            [.2           Specialized banking institutions
            [.3           Credit and loan institutions
            [.4           Money
            [.5           Barter, commercial paper, social credit money
            [.6           Investment
            [.7           Credit
            [.8           Interest
            [.9           Counterfeiting, forgery, alteration
330                    DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                            330

      [333        Economics of land and energy
         [.001–.009          Standard subdivisions
         [.01–.08         [Theories and land surveys]
         [.1           Public ownership of land
         [.2           Ownership of land by nongovernmental groups
         [.3           Private ownership of land
         [.4           Absentee ownership
         [.5           Renting and leasing land
         [.7           Land, recreational and wilderness areas, energy
         [.8           Subsurface resources
         [.9           Other natural resources

      [334        Cooperatives
         [.1          Housing cooperatives
         [.2          Banking and credit cooperatives
         [.5          Consumer cooperatives
         [.6          Producers’ cooperatives
         [.7          Benefit societies

      [335        Socialism and related systems
         [.001–.009           Standard subdivisions
         [.02              Utopian systems and schools
         [.1            Systems of English origin
         [.2            Systems of French origin
         [.3            Systems of American origin
         [.4            Marxian systems
         [.5            Democratic socialism
         [.6            Fascism
         [.7            Christian socialism
         [.8            Other systems

      [336        Public finance
         [.001–.008           Standard subdivisions
         [.01–.09          [Public finance by governmental level; revenue; history, geographic
                              treatment, biography; associations of sovereign states]
         [.1           Nontax revenues
         [.2           Taxes
         [.3           Public debt and expenditures
         [.4–.9        Public finance of specific continents, countries, localities in modern
                           world

      [337        International economics
         [.1           Multilateral economic cooperation
         [.3–.9        Foreign economic policies and relations of specific jurisdictions and
                           groups of jurisdictions

      [338        Production
         [.001–.008          Standard subdivisions
         [.01–.09         [General topics]
         [.1           Agriculture
         [.2           Extraction of minerals
         [.3           Other extractive industries
         [.4           Secondary industries and services
         [.5           General production economics
         [.6           Organization of production
         [.7           Business enterprises
         [.8           Combinations
         [.9           Economic development and growth




                                          2
330                                             Economics                                        330

                 [339          Macroeconomics and related topics
                    [.2            Distribution of income and wealth
                    [.3            Product and income accounts
                    [.4            Factors affecting income and wealth
                    [.5            Macroeconomic policy                                                              330 Economics
                                                                                                     330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.01          *‡Philosophy and theory
                            Do not use for theories; class in 330.1                                                  330 Economics
                                                                                                     330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.015 1                *‡Mathematical principles
                                       See also 330.1543 for mathematical economics as a school of
                                       economics                                                                     330 Economics
                                                                                                     330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.015 195                     *‡Statistical mathematics
                                          Class here econometrics
                                             See Manual at 519.5, T1—015195 vs. 001.422, T1—0727                     330 Economics
                                                                                                     330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.02–.08      *‡Standard subdivisions                                                                          330 Economics
                                                                                                     330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.09          *‡History, geographic treatment, biography of economics as a discipline
                            Do not use for economic situation and conditions; class in 330.9                         330 Economics
                                                                                                     330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.092               *‡Biography                                                                                330 Economics
                                                                                                     330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.1       *‡Systems, schools, theories
                            For economic rent, see 333.012; for law of supply and demand, see
                            338.521                                                                                  330 Economics
                                                                                                     330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.12          *‡Systems                                                                                        330 Economics
                                                                                                     330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.122               *‡Free enterprise economy
                               Including open economy (the economy of an area in which trade with
                               other areas is unrestricted)
                               Class here capitalism
                               Class laissez-faire economic theory in 330.153
                                   See also 382.7 for trade barriers and restrictions                                330 Economics
                                                                                                     330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.124               *‡Planned economies
                               Class here command economies
                               Class schools of thought featuring planned economies in 335
                                   See also 338.9 for economic planning                                              330 Economics
                                                                                                     330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.126               *‡Mixed economies
                               Including interventionism, social market economy, welfare state
                               systems
                                   See also 330.1556 for welfare economics as a school of economic
                                   thought




                                                       3
330                         DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                     330
                                                                                                             330 Economics
                                                                                             330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.15      *‡Schools of economic thought
                        For socialist and related schools, see 335                                           330 Economics
                                                                                             330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.151       *‡Pre-classical schools
                           For physiocracy, see 330.152                                                      330 Economics
                                                                                             330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.151 2         *‡Ancient and medieval theories                                                        330 Economics
                                                                                             330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.151 3         *‡Mercantilism                                                                         330 Economics
                                                                                             330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.152       *‡Physiocracy
                        Class here school of Quesnay                                                         330 Economics
                                                                                             330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.153       *‡Classical economics
                        Class here schools of Smith, Ricardo, Malthus, Mill, Say; laissez-faire
                        economic theory
                           See also 330.157 for neoclassical school                                          330 Economics
                                                                                             330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.154       *‡Historical and mathematical schools                                                      330 Economics
                                                                                             330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.154 2         *‡Historical school
                           Class here the schools of Roscher, Knies, Hildebrand, Schmoller,
                           Bücher, Knapp                                                                     330 Economics
                                                                                             330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.154 3         *‡Mathematical school
                           Class here schools of Cournot, Dupuit, Pareto
                           Class mathematical economics in 330.0151
                               See also 330.157 for marginal utility school                                  330 Economics
                                                                                             330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.155       *‡Miscellaneous schools
                        Only those named below
                        Including school of Henry George (single-tax school)                                 330 Economics
                                                                                             330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.155 2         *‡Institutional economics
                           Class economics of institutions in 330                                            330 Economics
                                                                                             330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.155 3         *‡Chicago school of economics (Monetarism)
                           Class monetary theory in 332.401                                                  330 Economics
                                                                                             330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.155 4         *‡Supply-side economics                                                                330 Economics
                                                                                             330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.155 6         *‡Welfare economics school                                                             330 Economics
                                                                                             330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.156       *‡Keynesian economics
                        Class here post-Keynesian economics




                                              4
330                                           Economics                                         330
                                                                                                                330 Economics
                                                                                                330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.157            *‡Marginal utility school
                              Variant names: Austrian school, neoclassical school
                              Class here schools of Jevons, Menger, Walras, Wieser, Böhm-Bawerk,
                              Von Mises; utility theory
                                 See also 330.1543 for schools of Cournot, Dupuit, Pareto                       330 Economics
                                                                                                330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      (.159)           *‡Socialist and related schools
                              (Optional number; prefer 335)
                              Add to base number 330.159 the numbers following 335 in
                              335.1–335.8, e.g., Marxian systems 330.1594                                       330 Economics
                                                                                                330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.16         *‡Theories of wealth
                          Class macroeconomic aspects of wealth in 339                                          330 Economics
                                                                                                330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.17         *‡Theories of property                                                                       330 Economics
                                                                                                330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.9        *‡Economic situation and conditions
                       Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                       Class here economic geography, economic history; works describing situation
                       and conditions at both macroeconomic and microeconomic levels
                       Class policies to promote economic growth and development in 338.9; class
                       macroeconomic policies in 339.5                                                          330 Economics
                                                                                                330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.900 1–.900 8       *‡Standard subdivisions                                                              330 Economics
                                                                                                330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.900 9]             *‡History, geographic treatment, biography
                                 Do not use for comprehensive works on history, on geographic
                                 treatment; class in 330.9                                                      330 Economics
                                                                                                330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.900 901–.900 905]         *‡Historical periods
                                        Do not use; class in 330.901–330.905                                    330 Economics
                                                                                                330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.900 91]                *‡Areas, regions, places in general
                                    Do not use; class in 330.91                                                 330 Economics
                                                                                                330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.900 92]                *‡Biography
                                    Do not use; class in 330.092                                                330 Economics
                                                                                                330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.900 93–.900 99]        *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                    Do not use; class in 330.93–330.99                                          330 Economics
                                                                                                330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




      [.901–.905       *‡Historical periods
                              Add to base number 330.90 the numbers following —090 in notation
                              0901–0905 from Table 1, e.g., economic situation in 1960–1969
                              330.9046




                                                     5
 330                             DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                       330
                                                                                                                    330 Economics
                                                                                                    330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




       [.91       *‡Treatment by areas, regions, places in general
                        Add to base number 330.91 the numbers following —1 in notation 11–19
                        from Table 2, e.g., economic situation and conditions in developing
                        countries 330.91724; then add 0* and to the result add the numbers
                        following 909 in 909.1–909.8, e.g., economic situation and conditions in
                        developing countries in 1980–1989 330.917240828
                            Use 0 plus notation 0112 from Table 1 for forecasting and forecasts,
                            e.g., forecasting and forecasts of economic situation and conditions in
                            developing countries 330.9172400112. Do not use historical periods for
                            forecasting and forecasts
                        (Option: Class in 910.13301)                                                                330 Economics
                                                                                                    330 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 330




       [.93–.99   *‡Treatment by specific continents, countries, localities
                        Add to base number 330.9 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g., economic
                        situation and conditions in France 330.944; then to the result add historical
                        period numbers from appropriate subdivisions of 930–990, e.g., economic
                        situation and conditions in France under Louis XIV 330.944033. In all
                        cases use one 0* except 00! for North and South America, e.g., economic
                        situation in the United States during Reconstruction period 330.97308, in
                        South America in 20th century 330.980033
                            Use 0 or 00 plus notation 0112 from Table 1 for forecasting and
                            forecasts, e.g., forecasting and forecasts of economic situation and
                            conditions in France 330.94400112. Do not use historical periods for
                            forecasting and forecasts
                        (Option: Class in 910.13303–910.13309)                                                      331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




 >                [331–333*‡Economics of labor, finance, land, energy
                     Class comprehensive works on economics of labor, finance, land, energy in
                     330; class comprehensive works on labor, capital, land considered as factors of
                     production in 338.01                                                                           331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




[331          *‡Labor economics
                  Class here industrial relations, interdisciplinary works on labor
                  Unless other instructions are given, observe the following table of preference,
                  e.g., compensation of women in banking 331.42813321 (not 331.2813321 or
                  331.7613321):

                     Choice of vocation                                        331.702
                     Labor force by personal attributes                        331.3–331.6
                     Labor force and market                                    331.1
                     Conditions of employment                                  331.2
                     Labor unions, labor-management bargaining and
                       disputes                                                331.8
                     Labor by industry and occupation                          331.7
                       (except 331.702)



*Add 00 for standard subdivisions; see instructions at beginning of Table 1
†Add 000 for standard subdivisions; see instructions at beginning of Table 1

                                                   6
331                                             Economics                                                331

                  Class economic conditions of working class in 330.9; class relations between
                  management and labor unions in 331.8; class full employment policy in 339.5
                         For a specific noneconomic aspect of labor, see the aspect, e.g., relation of
                         labor movements to the state 322.2, managerial aspects of labor 658.3
                         See also 305.562 for sociology of working class; also 306.36 for sociology of
                         labor                                                                                           331 Economics
                                                                                                         331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




                                       SUMMARY
                [331.01–.09           Standard subdivisions and industrial relations by industry and
                                         occupation
                   [.1              Labor force and market
                   [.2              Conditions of employment
                   [.3              Workers by age group
                   [.4              Women workers
                   [.5              Workers by personal attributes other than age
                   [.6              Workers by ethnic and national origin
                   [.7              Labor by industry and occupation
                   [.8              Labor unions, labor-management bargaining and disputes                               331 Economics
                                                                                                         331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.01         *‡Philosophy and theory                                                                               331 Economics
                                                                                                         331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.011              *‡Rights and position of labor
                                Do not use for systems analysis applied to labor economics; class in
                                331.01. Do not use for systems of labor; class in 331.117
                                Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                                Class here employment rights
                                   For open shop, right to work, see 331.8892                                            331 Economics
                                                                                                         331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.011 2                *‡Industrial democracy
                                   Class producer cooperatives in 334.6; class guild socialism in
                                   335.15; class syndicalism in 335.82; class worker control of
                                   industry in 338.6; class employee representation in management
                                   discussed from the managerial viewpoint in 658.3152
                                       For role of labor unions in industrial democracy, see 331.88                      331 Economics
                                                                                                         331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.012              *‡Satisfactions and dissatisfactions of labor
                                Do not use for classification of occupations; class in 331.70012
                                Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                     331 Economics
                                                                                                         331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.013              *‡Freedom, dignity, value of labor                                                              331 Economics
                                                                                                         331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.04         *‡Industrial relations by industry and occupation
                            Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                         331 Economics
                                                                                                         331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.041              *‡Industrial relations in industries and occupations other than
                           extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                Standard subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both
                                Class here industrial relations in service industries and occupations

                                                       7
331                             DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      331
                                                                                                                  331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.041 000 1–.041 000 9       *‡Standard subdivisions                                                        331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.041 001–.041 999        *‡Subdivisions for industrial relations in industries and occupations
                                  other than extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                      Add to base number 331.041 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                      industrial relations in clerical occupations 331.04165137
                                         Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or
                                         both                                                                     331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.042–.049     *‡Industrial relations in extractive, manufacturing, construction
                       industries and occupations
                           Add to base number 331.04 the numbers following 6 in 620–690, e.g.,
                           industrial relations in chemical industries 331.046
                              Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both                         331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.08         *‡Groups of people
                        Do not use for discrimination; class in 331.133
                        Class here labor force by personal attributes [formerly 331.1143],
                        comprehensive works on minorities in the labor force                                      331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.081]         *‡People by gender or sex
                           Do not use; class in 331.56                                                            331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.082]         *‡Women
                           Do not use; class in 331.4                                                             331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.083–.084] *‡Age groups
                           Do not use; class in 331.3                                                             331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.086]         *‡People by miscellaneous social attributes
                           Do not use; class in 331.5                                                             331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.087]         *‡People with disabilities and illnesses, gifted people
                           Do not use; class in 331.5                                                             331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.088]         *‡Occupational and religious groups
                           Do not use for religious groups; class in 331.58. Do not use for
                           occupational groups; class in 331.7                                                    331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.089]         *‡Ethnic and national groups
                           Do not use; class in 331.6                                                             331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.1      *‡Labor force and market
                     Class here comprehensive works on employment and unemployment
                     Class employment in 331.125; class unemployment in 331.137




                                                  8
331                                             Economics                                            331
                                                                                                                     331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




                                       SUMMARY
                  [331.11              Labor force
                     [.12              Labor market
                     [.13              Discrimination in employment, labor shortages, unemployment                   331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.11           *‡Labor force
                            Class here human resources, labor supply, size of labor force, work force
                            Class labor force in relation to demand for labor in 331.12
                               See also 331.8732 for union membership                                                331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.114             *‡Qualifications                                                                             331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.114 2                *‡Qualifications by level of skills
                                   Including semiskilled, unskilled employees
                                   Use of this number for comprehensive works on qualifications
                                   discontinued; class in 331.114                                                    331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.114 22                  *‡Skilled workers
                                      Use of this number for qualifications by level of skills
                                      discontinued; class in 331.1142                                                331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.114 224]                    *‡Skilled workers
                                          Number discontinued; class in 331.11422                                    331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.114 23]                 *‡Qualifications by level of education
                                      Relocated to 331.1144                                                          331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.114 3]               *‡Labor force by personal attributes
                                   Comprehensive works on labor force by personal attributes
                                   relocated to 331.08; programs for workplace diversity relocated to
                                   331.133                                                                           331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.114 4                *‡Qualifications by level of education [formerly 331.11423]                             331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.114 43                  *‡High school graduates                                                              331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.114 45                  *‡College graduates
                                      Regardless of degree obtained                                                  331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.117             *‡Systems of labor
                                   See also 306.36 for social aspects of systems of labor                            331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.117 2                *‡Free labor                                                                            331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.117 3                *‡Compulsory labor                                                                      331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.117 32                  *‡State labor (Drafted workers)                                                      331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.117 34                  *‡Slave labor



                                                      9
331                              DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                       331
                                                                                                                    331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.118            *‡Labor productivity
                            Class industrial productivity in 338.06                                                 331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.119            *‡Labor force by industry and occupation
                            Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                            Class qualifications of labor force by industry and occupation in
                            331.114; class systems of labor by industry and occupation in 331.117;
                            class labor productivity by industry and occupation in 331.118; class
                            comprehensive works on labor by industry and occupation in 331.7                        331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.119 04               *‡Special topics of labor force by industry and occupation                             331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.119 042                  *‡Labor force in general categories of occupations
                                       Including blue collar, civilian, governmental (public service),
                                       service, white collar occupations                                            331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.119 1             *‡Labor force in industries and occupations other than extractive,
                            manufacturing, construction
                                 Standard subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both
                                 Class here labor force in service industries and occupations                       331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.119 100 01–.119 100 09          *‡Standard subdivisions                                                     331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.119 100 1–.119 199 9         *‡Subdivisions for labor force in industries and occupations
                                       other than extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                           Add to base number 331.1191 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                           labor force in stenography 331.11916513741; however,
                                           for labor force in general categories of occupations, e.g.,
                                           governmental (public service) occupations, see
                                           331.119042
                                              Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or
                                              both                                                                  331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.119 2–.119 9      *‡Labor force in extractive, manufacturing, construction industries and
                            occupations
                                 Add to base number 331.119 the numbers following 6 in 620–690,
                                 e.g., labor force in automotive manufacturing 331.119292
                                     Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both                    331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.12        *‡Labor market
                         Class here supply of labor in relation to demand
                         Class job creation in 331.120424
                            For discrimination in employment, labor shortages, unemployment,
                            underemployment, see 331.13




                                                   10
331                                             Economics                                            331
                                                                                                                     331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




                                       SUMMARY
                 [331.120 4                  Special topics of labor market
                    [.123                 Demand for labor
                    [.124                 Job vacancies (Job openings)
                    [.125                 Labor actively employed
                    [.126                 Labor turnover
                    [.127                 Labor mobility
                    [.128                 Placement
                    [.129                 Labor market by industry and occupation                                    331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.120 4                 *‡Special topics of labor market                                                       331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.120 42                   *‡Government policy on labor market
                                          For policy with respect to a specific aspect of labor force and
                                          market, see the aspect, e.g., assistance in finding jobs
                                          331.128
                                          See also 362.85 for social programs for working class; also
                                          370 for education                                                          331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.120 424                     *‡Full employment policies
                                          Class here job creation
                                          Class policies designed to secure full employment through
                                          fiscal and monetary policy in 339.5
                                             See Manual at 331.120424 vs. 331.1377                                   331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.123            *‡Demand for labor
                                Class here labor requirements
                                   For job vacancies, see 331.124; for shortages, see 331.136; for
                                   surpluses, see 331.137                                                            331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.123 1                 *‡Demand for labor in industries and occupations other than extractive,
                                manufacturing, construction
                                   Standard subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both
                                   Class here demand for labor in service industries and occupations                 331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.123 100 01–.123 100 09             *‡Standard subdivisions                                                   331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.123 100 1–.123 199 9           *‡Subdivisions for demand for labor in industries and
                                         occupations other than extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                             Add to base number 331.1231 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                             demand for teachers 331.12313711
                                               Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or
                                               both                                                                  331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.123 2–.123 9          *‡Demand for labor in extractive, manufacturing, construction industries
                                and occupations
                                   Add to base number 331.123 the numbers following 6 in 620–690,
                                   e.g., demand for carpenters 331.12394
                                       Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both


                                                     11
331                              DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                    331
                                                                                                                 331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.124            *‡Job vacancies (Job openings)                                                            331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.124 1             *‡Job vacancies in industries and occupations other than extractive,
                            manufacturing, construction
                               Standard subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both
                               Class here job vacancies in service industries and occupations                    331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.124 100 01–.124 100 09         *‡Standard subdivisions                                                   331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.124 100 1–.124 199 9        *‡Subdivisions for job vacancies in industries and occupations
                                      other than extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                         Add to base number 331.1241 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                         opportunities in librarianship 331.124102
                                            Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or
                                            both                                                                 331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.124 2–.124 9      *‡Job vacancies in extractive, manufacturing, construction industries and
                            occupations
                               Add to base number 331.124 the numbers following 6 in 620–690,
                               e.g., openings in paper manufacture 331.12476
                                   Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both                   331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.125            *‡Labor actively employed
                            Class here employment, utilization of human resources, comprehensive
                            works on employment and compensation
                            Class comprehensive works on employment and unemployment in
                            331.1
                               For compensation, see 331.21
                               See also 331.126 for turnover; also 331.137 for unemployment                      331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.125 1             *‡Labor actively employed in industries and occupations other than
                            extractive, manufacturing, construction
                               Standard subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both
                               Class here labor actively employed in service industries and
                               occupations                                                                       331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.125 100 01–.125 100 09         *‡Standard subdivisions                                                   331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.125 100 1–.125 199 9        *‡Subdivisions for labor actively employed in industries and
                                      occupations other than extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                         Add to base number 331.1251 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                         labor actively employed in education 331.125137
                                            Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or
                                            both                                                                 331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.125 2–.125 9      *‡Labor actively employed in extractive, manufacturing, construction
                            industries and occupations
                               Add to base number 331.125 the numbers following 6 in 620–690,
                               e.g., labor actively employed in the plumbing industry 331.125961
                                   Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both


                                                  12
331                                          Economics                                            331
                                                                                                                  331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.126            *‡Labor turnover                                                                           331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.126 1             *‡Labor turnover in industries and occupations other than extractive,
                            manufacturing, construction
                               Standard subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both
                               Class here turnover in service industries and occupations                          331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.126 100 01–.126 100 09          *‡Standard subdivisions                                                   331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.126 100 1–.126 199 9         *‡Subdivisions for turnover in industries and occupations other
                                       than extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                          Add to base number 331.1261 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                          turnover of nurses 331.126161073
                                             Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or
                                             both                                                                 331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.126 2–.126 9      *‡Labor turnover in extractive, manufacturing, construction industries and
                            occupations
                               Add to base number 331.126 the numbers following 6 in 620–690,
                               e.g., turnover of miners 331.12622
                                   Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both                    331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.127            *‡Labor mobility                                                                           331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.127 09               *‡History and biography
                                   Do not use for geographic treatment; class in 331.1279                         331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.127 2             *‡Occupational mobility                                                                 331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.127 9             *‡Geographic mobility                                                                   331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.127 91               *‡International mobility
                                   Including brain drain                                                          331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.127 93–.127 99       *‡Geographic mobility within specific countries and smaller areas
                                   Add to base number 331.1279 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                                   mobility of labor within Canada 331.127971
                                   Class mobility between countries and continents in 331.12791                   331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.128            *‡Placement
                            Class here employment agencies, job banks, labor exchanges, sources
                            of job information
                            Class job vacancies in 331.124
                               See also 362.0425 for employment services viewed as a solution to
                               social welfare problems; also 650.14 for success in, techniques of
                               job hunting




                                                  13
331                              DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      331
                                                                                                                   331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.129            *‡Labor market by industry and occupation
                            Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                                For specific aspects of labor market by industry and occupation,
                                see 331.123–331.128                                                                331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.129 04               *‡Special topics of labor market by industry and occupation                           331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.129 042                  *‡Labor market by general categories of occupations
                                      Including blue collar, civilian, governmental (public service),
                                      service, white collar occupations                                            331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.129 1             *‡Labor market by industries and occupations other than extractive,
                            manufacturing, construction
                                Standard subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both
                                Class here labor market in service industries and occupations                      331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.129 100 01–.129 100 09         *‡Standard subdivisions                                                     331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.129 100 1–.129 199 9        *‡Subdivisions for labor market by industries and occupations
                                      other than extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                          Add to base number 331.1291 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                          labor market in stenography 331.12916513741; however,
                                          for labor market in general categories of occupations, e.g.,
                                          governmental (public service) occupations, see
                                          331.129042
                                             Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or
                                             both                                                                  331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.129 2–.129 9      *‡Labor market by extractive, manufacturing, construction industries and
                            occupations
                                Add to base number 331.129 the numbers following 6 in 620–690,
                                e.g., labor market in automotive manufacturing 331.129292
                                    Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both                    331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.13        *‡Discrimination in employment, labor shortages, unemployment
                         Including underemployment
                         Class here maladjustments in labor market, programs to prevent or provide
                         relief from maladjustments




                                                  14
331                                    Economics                                              331
                                                                                                              331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.133       *‡Discrimination in employment
                       Class here programs for workplace diversity [formerly 331.1143];
                       affirmative action in employment, equal employment opportunity
                       programs, hostile work environments
                       Class discrimination against workers with specific personal attributes in
                       331.3–331.6; class personnel aspects of discrimination in government
                       employment in 352.608; class comprehensive works on work
                       environment in 331.256; class comprehensive works about personnel
                       policies on discrimination in 658.3008
                          For discrimination in relation to a specific aspect of industrial
                          relations, see the aspect, e.g., discrimination as a factor affecting
                          compensation 331.2153, discrimination by unions 331.8732                            331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.136       *‡Labor shortages                                                                           331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137       *‡Unemployment
                       Class here labor surpluses, unemployed people                                          331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 04          *‡Kinds of unemployment                                                               331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 041            *‡Structural unemployment
                                    For technological unemployment, see 331.137042                            331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 042            *‡Technological unemployment                                                       331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 044            *‡Seasonal unemployment                                                            331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 045            *‡Frictional unemployment                                                          331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 047            *‡Cyclical unemployment                                                            331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 09]         *‡History, geographic treatment, biography
                             Do not use; class in 331.1379                                                    331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 2        *‡Causes of unemployment
                              For macroeconomic causes, see 339. For a cause of
                              unemployment that defines a specific kind of unemployment, see
                              the kind in 331.13704, e.g., structural unemployment
                              331.137041                                                                      331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 3        *‡Effects of unemployment                                                                331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 7        *‡Prevention and relief of unemployment
                          Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                              For a specific measure of prevention or relief, see the measure,
                              e.g., work sharing 331.2572, economic stabilization 339.5,
                              welfare 362.85
                              See Manual at 331.120424 vs. 331.1377




                                             15
331                              DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                    331
                                                                                                                 331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 8              *‡Unemployment among general groups of labor, unemployment by
                             industry and occupation
                                Class specific elements regardless of group, industry, occupation in
                                331.1372–331.1377                                                                331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 804                  *‡General groups of unemployed people
                                       Groups defined by level of education, skill, experience
                                       Class unemployed people having specific personal attributes
                                       in 331.3–331.6                                                            331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 81                *‡Unemployment in industries and occupations other than extractive,
                                manufacturing, construction
                                   Standard subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or
                                   both
                                   Class here unemployment in service industries and occupations                 331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 810 001–.137 810 009           *‡Standard subdivisions                                               331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 810 01–.137 819 99          *‡Subdivisions for unemployment in industries and
                                          occupations other than extractive, manufacturing,
                                          construction
                                             Add to base number 331.13781 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                             unemployment in clerical occupations
                                             331.1378165137
                                                Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations,
                                                or both                                                          331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 82–.137 89        *‡Unemployment in extractive, manufacturing, construction industries
                                and occupations
                                   Add to base number 331.1378 the numbers following 6 in
                                   620–690, e.g., unemployment in the automotive industry
                                   331.1378292
                                      Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both                331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 9              *‡History, geographic treatment, biography
                                Class history of specific elements of unemployment in
                                331.1372–331.1377; class history of unemployment among general
                                groups of labor and by industry and occupation in 331.1378                       331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 900 1–.137 900 8        *‡Standard subdivisions                                                      331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 900 9]                  *‡History
                                          Do not use; class in 331.1379                                          331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 901–.137 905         *‡Historical periods
                                       Add to base number 331.1379 notation 01–05 from Table 2,
                                       e.g., unemployment in 20th century 331.137904




                                                  16
331                                           Economics                                              331
                                                                                                                     331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.137 91–.137 99         *‡Geographic treatment and biography
                                     Add to base number 331.1379 notation 1–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                                     unemployment in the United States 331.137973
                                     Class geographic treatment of specific elements of
                                     unemployment in 331.1372–331.1377; class geographic
                                     treatment and biography of unemployment among general
                                     groups of labor and by industry and occupation in 331.1378                      331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.2       *‡Conditions of employment
                       Class here comprehensive works on collective bargaining to determine
                       conditions of employment and the resulting conditions of employment
                       Class conditions of employment discussed from the managerial viewpoint in
                       658.312
                           For collective bargaining to determine conditions of employment, see
                           331.89                                                                                    331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




                                     SUMMARY
                [331.204                 Conditions of employment by industry and occupation
                   [.21               Compensation
                   [.22               Compensation differentials
                   [.23               Guaranteed-wage plans
                   [.25               Other conditions of employment
                   [.28               Compensation by industry and occupation
                   [.29               History, geographic treatment, biography of compensation                       331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.204            *‡Conditions of employment by industry and occupation
                              Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                   331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.204 1               *‡Conditions of employment in industries and occupations other than
                              extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                  Standard subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both
                                  Class here conditions of employment in service industries and
                                  occupations                                                                        331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.204 100 01–.204 100 09           *‡Standard subdivisions                                                     331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.204 100 1–.204 199 9          *‡Subdivisions for conditions of employment in industries and
                                        occupations other than extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                            Add to base number 331.2041 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                            conditions of employment in clerical occupations
                                            331.204165137
                                               Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or
                                               both                                                                  331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.204 2–.204 9        *‡Conditions of employment in extractive, manufacturing, construction
                              industries and occupations
                                  Add to base number 331.204 the numbers following 6 in 620–690,
                                  e.g., conditions of employment in chemical industries 331.2046
                                      Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both


                                                    17
331                         DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      331
                                                                                                              331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.21       *‡Compensation
                     Class here wages, wage policy
                     Class incomes policy (wage-price policy) in 339.5
                        For compensation differentials, see 331.22; for employee benefits
                        (fringe benefits), see 331.255; for compensation by industry and
                        occupation, see 331.28                                                                331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.210 1         *‡Philosophy and theory
                            Including bargain theory, marginal productivity theory, national
                            income theory, subsistence theory ("iron law"), wages fund theory                 331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.210 9]        *‡History, geographic treatment, biography
                            Do not use; class in 331.29                                                       331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.215        *‡Factors affecting compensation
                        Including methods of determination, e.g., intraindustry and
                        interindustry comparison; criteria used in determination, e.g., cost of
                        living as a compensation determinant
                            For minimum-wage policies, see 331.23
                            See also 332.415 for wage-price controls to combat inflation; also
                            339.5 for wage control as a factor in economic stabilization                      331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.215 08           *‡Groups of people
                               Do not use for discrimination in compensation; class in 331.2153               331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.215 3         *‡Discrimination and anti-discrimination policies
                            Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                            Class here equal pay for equal work, pay equity
                            Class discrimination because of a specific personal characteristic in
                            331.3–331.6                                                                       331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.216        *‡Methods of compensation
                        Class here wage payment systems
                        Class employee benefits (fringe benefits) in 331.255                                  331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.216 2         *‡Time payments
                            Including hourly, weekly, monthly, annual periods; overtime pay
                            Class guaranteed-wage plans in 331.23                                             331 Economics
                                                                                              331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.216 4         *‡Incentive compensation
                            Including bonuses, merit pay, performance awards; piecework,
                            combined timework and piecework
                            Class tips in 331.2166




                                              18
331                                             Economics                                           331
                                                                                                                    331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.216 47                  *‡Profit sharing
                                      Class here gain sharing                                                       331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.216 49                  *‡Employee stock ownership plans
                                      Class here employee stock options, employee stock purchase
                                      plans
                                      Class stock options as a form of speculation in 332.632283; class
                                      comprehensive works on employee ownership in 338.69                           331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.216 6                *‡Other methods of compensation
                                   Including longevity pay, locality pay (weighting), professional and
                                   subcontracting fees, severence pay, tips
                                   Class paid leave in 331.2576                                                     331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.22         *‡Compensation differentials
                            Including differences among, firms, industries, occupations, regions
                            Class differentials as a factor affecting compensation in 331.215                       331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.220 9                *‡History, geographic treatment, biography
                                   Class geographic treatment of compensation not emphasizing
                                   differentials in 331.29                                                          331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.23         *‡Guaranteed-wage plans
                            Class here minimum wage
                            Class guaranteed minimum income in 362.582                                              331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.236            *‡Guaranteed annual wage                                                                     331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.25         *‡Other conditions of employment                                                                 331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




                                       SUMMARY
                 [331.252                 Pensions
                    [.255                 Employee benefits (Fringe benefits)
                    [.256                 Work environment
                    [.257                 Hours
                    [.259                 Training, worker security, regulation of worker conduct




                                                     19
331                              DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                    331
                                                                                                                 331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.252         *‡Pensions
                           Including retirement age
                           Class here retirement benefits, superannuation, interdisciplinary works
                           on pensions
                           Class pensions for government (public service) employees in
                           331.25291351
                              For pensions provided by unions, see 331.8735; for retirement
                              planning, see 332.024014; for public administration of pensions for
                              government workers, see 353.549; for pensions (annuities) provided
                              through insurance, see 368.37; for government pension plans for
                              the population at large, see 368.43; for comprehensive works on
                              administration of pensions, see 658.3253                                           331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.252 2            *‡Pension reform
                              Class here preservation, transfer of vested rights in pensions                     331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.252 4            *‡Pension funds
                              Class investment by pension funds in 332.67254                                     331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.252 9            *‡Pensions by industry and occupation
                              Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading               331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.252 91              *‡Pensions in industries and occupations other than extractive,
                              manufacturing, construction
                                   Standard subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or
                                   both
                                   Class here pensions in service industries and occupations                     331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.252 910 001–.252 910 009           *‡Standard subdivisions                                               331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.252 910 01–.252 919 99         *‡Subdivisions for pensions in industries and occupations
                                         other than extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                             Add to base number 331.25291 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                             military pensions 331.25291355
                                                Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations,
                                                or both                                                          331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.252 92–.252 99      *‡Pensions in extractive, manufacturing, construction industries and
                              occupations
                                   Add to base number 331.2529 the numbers following 6 in
                                   620–690, e.g., pensions in construction trades 331.252924
                                      Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both




                                                  20
331                                     Economics                                          331
                                                                                                           331 Economics
                                                                                           331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.255      *‡Employee benefits (Fringe benefits)
                      Class here employee assistance programs, insurance, interdisciplinary
                      works on employee benefits
                           For stock ownership and purchase plans, see 331.21649; for
                           pensions, see 331.252; for benefits provided by unions, see
                           331.8735; for benefits for veterans of military service and their
                           survivors, see 362.86; for benefits provided through insurance, see
                           368.3; for benefits provided through government-sponsored social
                           insurance, see 368.4; for comprehensive works on administration of
                           employee benefits, see 658.325                                                  331 Economics
                                                                                           331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.255 2       *‡Unemployment compensation
                           Class interdisciplinary works on unemployment insurance in 368.44               331 Economics
                                                                                           331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.255 4       *‡Health services
                           Class interdisciplinary works on health insurance in 368.382                    331 Economics
                                                                                           331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.256      *‡Work environment
                      Class here physical working conditions, quality of work life, working
                      facilities, workplace relationships; work stress
                           For hostile work environment caused by hostile and discriminatory
                           behavior, see 331.133                                                           331 Economics
                                                                                           331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.256 7       *‡Home labor
                           Producing goods at home for an outside employer
                           Class here cottage industries, comprehensive works on work at
                           home
                              For telecommuting, see 331.2568                                              331 Economics
                                                                                           331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.256 8       *‡Telecommuting                                                                        331 Economics
                                                                                           331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.257      *‡Hours
                      Including reduced workweek
                      Class here workweek                                                                  331 Economics
                                                                                           331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.257 2       *‡Alternative work schedules; workday
                           Including overtime, work sharing                                                331 Economics
                                                                                           331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.257 22         *‡Compressed workweek
                              Including four-day forty-hour week                                           331 Economics
                                                                                           331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.257 23         *‡Workday
                              Class a specific alternative workday schedule with the
                              alternative work schedule elsewhere in 331.2572, e.g., part-time
                              schedule 331.25727
                                 For rest periods, see 331.2576



                                             21
331                        DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                     331
                                                                                                            331 Economics
                                                                                            331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.257 24          *‡Flexible hours
                                  See also 331.2567 for home labor; also 331.2568 for
                                  telecommuting; also 331.25722 for compressed workweek                     331 Economics
                                                                                            331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.257 25          *‡Shift work
                                  See also 331.2574 for night work                                          331 Economics
                                                                                            331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.257 27          *‡Part-time work                                                                    331 Economics
                                                                                            331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.257 277            *‡Job sharing
                                     See also 331.2572 for work sharing                                     331 Economics
                                                                                            331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.257 29          *‡Temporary employment
                             Class here temporary employees
                             Class services to provide temporary help in 331.128                            331 Economics
                                                                                            331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.257 4        *‡Night, holy day, Sunday, holiday work
                              See also 331.2572 for shift work                                              331 Economics
                                                                                            331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.257 6        *‡Leave and rest periods (breaks)
                          Standard subdivisions are added for leave and rest periods together,
                          for leave alone
                          Class here annual leave, holidays, paid vacations                                 331 Economics
                                                                                            331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.257 62          *‡Sick leave                                                                        331 Economics
                                                                                            331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.257 63          *‡Special-purpose leave
                             Including educational, paternity, sabbatical leave
                                  For maternity leave, see 331.44                                           331 Economics
                                                                                            331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.259       *‡Training, worker security, regulation of worker conduct                                 331 Economics
                                                                                            331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.259 2        *‡Training
                          Not related to a specific industry
                          Class here interdisciplinary works on on-the-job vocational training,
                          on vocational training provided by industry
                          Class interdisciplinary works on vocational education conducted by
                          an educational institution in 370.113
                              For managerial aspects of training by the employer, see
                              658.3124. For on-the-job training in a specific occupation, see
                              the occupation, plus notation 07155 from Table 1, e.g.,
                              on-the-job apprenticeship of plumbers 696.107155                              331 Economics
                                                                                            331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.259 22          *‡Apprenticeship
                                  For apprentices as a special class of workers, see 331.55; for
                                  work experience as part of education, see 371.227                         331 Economics
                                                                                            331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.259 24          *‡Retraining


                                             22
331                                            Economics                                             331
                                                                                                                     331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.259 6              *‡Worker security
                                Including dismissal of employees; employment security, job tenure;
                                right to organize, rights of transfer and promotion, seniority                       331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.259 8              *‡Regulation of worker conduct
                                Class here discipline                                                                331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.259 88                *‡Absenteeism                                                                          331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.28         *‡Compensation by industry and occupation
                         Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                         Class specific elements of compensation by industry and occupation in
                         331.21–331.23                                                                               331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.281            *‡Compensation in industries and occupations other than extractive,
                         manufacturing, construction
                             Standard subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both
                             Class here compensation in service industries and occupations                           331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.281 000 1–.281 000 9        *‡Standard subdivisions                                                          331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.281 001–.281 999         *‡Subdivisions for compensation in industries and occupations
                                   other than extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                       Add to base number 331.281 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                       compensation of legislators 331.28132833
                                          Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or
                                          both                                                                       331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.282–.289       *‡Compensation in extractive, manufacturing, construction industries
                         and occupations
                             Add to base number 331.28 the numbers following 6 in 620–690, e.g.,
                             compensation in the mining industry 331.2822, average factory
                             compensation 331.287
                                Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both                          331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.29         *‡History, geographic treatment, biography of compensation
                         Class history of specific elements of compensation in 331.215–331.23;
                         class history of compensation by industries and occupations in 331.28;
                         class wage-price policies in relation to stabilizing the economy in 339.5                   331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.290 01–.290 08        *‡Standard subdivisions                                                                331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.290 09]               *‡History
                                   Do not use; class in 331.29                                                       331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.290 1–.290 5       *‡Historical periods
                                Add to base number 331.29 notation 01–05 from Table 2, e.g.,
                                compensation in 20th century 331.2904




                                                  23
331                             DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                       331
                                                                                                                   331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.291–.299     *‡Geographic treatment and biography
                            Add to base number 331.29 notation 1–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                            compensation in Australia 331.2994
                            Class geographic treatment and biography of specific elements of
                            compensation in 331.215–331.23; class geographic treatment and
                            biography of compensation by industries and occupations in 331.28                      331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




>              [331.3–331.6*‡Labor force by personal attributes
                     Class here labor force and market, conditions of employment, industries and
                     occupations, labor unions, labor-management bargaining with respect to special
                     groups of workers
                     Unless other instructions are given, class a subject with aspects in two or more
                     subdivisions of 331.3–331.6 in the number coming first, e.g., young North
                     American native women 331.34408997 (not 331.408997 or 331.6997)
                     Class choice of vocation for people with specific personal attributes in
                     331.702; class comprehensive works on groups of people in 331.08. Class
                     employment services as a form of social service to a specific group of people
                     with the group in 362.6–362.8, e.g., sheltered employment for people in late
                     adulthood 362.64                                                                              331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.3     *‡Workers by age group                                                                               331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.31         *‡Children
                        Through age thirteen
                            See also 364.15554 for criminal aspects of child labor                                 331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.318          *‡Children through age thirteen by industry and occupation
                            Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                   331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.34         *‡Young workers
                        Through age thirty-five
                            For children through age thirteen, see 331.31; for young workers by
                            industry and occupation, see 331.38                                                    331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.341–.342     *‡Specific aspects of employment of young workers
                            Add to base number 331.34 the numbers following 331 in 331.1–331.2,
                            e.g., training of young workers 331.342592
                            Class specific aspects of employment of specific kinds of young
                            workers in 331.344–331.346                                                             331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.344–.346     *‡Employment of specific kinds of young workers
                            Add to base number 331.34 the numbers following 331 in 331.4–331.6,
                            e.g., African American youth 331.346396073; however, for
                            apprentices, see 331.55




                                                  24
331                                          Economics                                              331
                                                                                                                    331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.347            *‡Workers aged 14 through 20
                             Class employment of specific groups of workers aged 14 through 20 in
                             331.344–331.346
                                For specific aspects of employment of workers aged 14 through 20,
                                see 331.341–331.342                                                                 331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.38         *‡Young workers by industry and occupation
                         Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                         Through age thirty-five
                         Class employment of specific kinds of young workers by industry and
                         occupation in 331.344–331.346
                             For children through age thirteen by industries and occupations, see
                             331.318; for specific aspects of employment of young workers by
                             industry and occupation, see 331.341–331.342                                           331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.381            *‡Young workers in industries and occupations other than extractive,
                         manufacturing, construction
                             Standard subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both
                             Class here young workers in service industries and occupations                         331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.381 000 1–.381 000 9        *‡Standard subdivisions                                                         331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.381 001–.381 999         *‡Subdivisions for young workers in industries and occupations
                                   other than extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                       Add to base number 331.381 notation 001–999, e.g., young
                                       workers in clerical occupations 331.38165137
                                         Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or
                                         both                                                                       331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.382–.389       *‡Young workers in extractive, manufacturing, construction industries
                         and occupations
                             Add to base number 331.38 the numbers following 6 in 620–690, e.g.,
                             young textile workers 331.3877
                                Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both                         331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.39         *‡Other age groups                                                                               331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.394            *‡Middle-aged workers                                                                        331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.398            *‡Older workers                                                                              331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.398 1–.398 2       *‡Specific aspects on employment of older workers
                                Add to base number 331.398 the numbers following 331 in
                                331.1–331.2, e.g., discrimination against older workers 331.398133                  331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.398 8              *‡Older workers by industry and occupation
                                Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading




                                                   25
331                              DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                    331
                                                                                                                 331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.398 81               *‡Older workers in industries and occupations other than extractive,
                               manufacturing, construction
                                   Standard subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or
                                   both
                                   Class here older workers in service industries and occupations                331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.398 810 001–.398 810 009           *‡Standard subdivisions                                               331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.398 810 01–.398 819 99          *‡Subdivisions for older workers in industries and
                                          occupations other than extractive, manufacturing,
                                          construction
                                             Add to base number 331.39881 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                             older workers in clerical occupations 331.3988165137
                                                Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations,
                                                or both                                                          331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.398 82–.398 89       *‡Older workers in extractive, manufacturing, construction industries
                               and occupations
                                   Add to base number 331.3988 the numbers following 6 in
                                   620–690, e.g., older agricultural workers in 331.39883
                                      Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both                331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.4        *‡Women workers
                     Unless other instructions are given, observe the following table of preference,
                     e.g., women clothing workers in labor unions 331.478187 (not 331.4887):

                         Working mothers                                        331.44
                         Married women                                          331.43
                         Labor unions and labor-management bargaining and
                           disputes                                             331.47
                         Specific aspects of employment of women                331.41–331.42
                         Women workers by industry and occupation               331.48
                         See also 305.43 for sociology of women’s occupations                                    331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.41–.42     *‡Specific aspects of employment of women
                         Add to base number 331.4 the numbers following 331 in 331.1–331.2, e.g.,
                         discrimination against women 331.4133                                                   331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.43         *‡Married women                                                                               331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.44         *‡Working mothers
                         Including expectant mothers, maternity leave                                            331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.47         *‡Labor unions and labor-management bargaining and disputes
                         Add to base number 331.47 the numbers following 331.8 in
                         331.87–331.89, e.g., women in labor unions 331.478                                      331 Economics
                                                                                                 331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.48         *‡Women workers by industry and occupation
                         Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading




                                                  26
331                                          Economics                                             331
                                                                                                                   331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.481          *‡Women workers in industries and occupations other than extractive,
                       manufacturing, construction
                            Standard subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both
                            Class here women in service industries and occupations                                 331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.481 000 1–.481 000 9        *‡Standard subdivisions                                                        331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.481 001–.481 999        *‡Subdivisions for women workers in industries and occupations
                                  other than extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                      Add to base number 331.481 notation 001–999, e.g., women
                                      in advertising 331.4816591
                                          Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or
                                          both                                                                     331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.482–.489     *‡Women workers in extractive, manufacturing, construction
                       industries and occupations
                            Add to base number 331.48 the numbers following 6 in 620–690, e.g.,
                            women clothing workers 331.4887
                              Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both                          331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.5     *‡Workers by personal attributes other than age
                     Including transgender and intersex people, retired people
                        For immigrants and aliens, see 331.62; for native-born workers by ethnic
                        group, see 331.63                                                                          331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.51         *‡Prisoners and ex-convicts
                        Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                        Including political and war prisoners                                                      331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.52         *‡Veterans
                            See also 331.25291355 for pensions received because of military
                            service; also 331.761355 for military labor                                            331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.53         *‡Gays
                        Class here gay men                                                                         331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.54         *‡Workers in special economic situations
                        Class here economically disadvantaged workers not provided for elsewhere
                        Class unemployed workers in 331.137                                                        331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.542          *‡Contract workers                                                                            331 Economics
                                                                                                   331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.544          *‡Migrant and casual workers
                            Standard subdivisions are added for migrant and casual workers
                            together, for migrant workers alone
                            Class here migrant agricultural laborers
                                See also 331.62 for immigrant and alien workers


                                                  27
 331                            DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      331
                                                                                                                  331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




       [.55        *‡Apprentices
                        Class training of apprentices in 331.25922                                                331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




       [.56        *‡Workers by gender or sex
                        Class transgender and intersex people in 331.5
                            For women, see 331.4                                                                  331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




       [.561          *‡Men                                                                                       331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




       [.58        *‡Workers by religious group
                        Add to base number 331.58 the numbers following 2 in 230–299, e.g.,
                        Catholics 331.5882, Muslims 331.5897                                                      331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




       [.59        *‡Workers with disabilities and illnesses
                        Class here workers with physical disabilities
                        Add to base number 331.59 the numbers following —087 in notation
                        0871–0877 from Table 1, e.g., workers with impaired vision 331.591                        331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




       [.6       *‡Workers by ethnic and national origin                                                          331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




       [.62        *‡Immigrants and aliens
                        Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                            See also 331.544 for migrant workers                                                  331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




       [.620 9            *‡History, geographic treatment, biography
                                Class here immigrant and alien workers in specific areas, e.g.,
                                immigrant workers in Canada 331.620971
                                   For immigrant and alien workers from specific jurisdictions, see
                                   331.621–331.629                                                                331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




 >               [331.621–331.629*‡Immigrants and aliens by place of origin
                     Class comprehensive works in 331.62
                        See also 331.6209 for immigrant and alien workers in specific areas                       331 Economics
                                                                                                  331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




       [.621          *‡Immigrants and aliens from areas, regions, places in general
                            Add to base number 331.621 the numbers following —1 in notation
                            11–19 from Table 2, e.g., immigrant workers from developing regions
                            331.621724; then add 0* and to the result add notation 1–9 from Table
                            2, e.g., immigrant workers from developing regions in California
                            331.6217240794
                                Subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading




*Add 00 for standard subdivisions; see instructions at beginning of Table 1

                                                  28
331                                           Economics                                            331
                                                                                                                       331 Economics
                                                                                                       331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.623–.629       *‡Immigrants and aliens from specific continents, countries, localities
                              Add to base number 331.62 notation 3–9 from Table 2 for place of
                              origin, e.g., immigrant workers from China 331.6251; then, for area
                              located, add 0* and to the result add notation 1–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                              immigrant workers from China in California 331.62510794
                                  Subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                          331 Economics
                                                                                                       331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.63         *‡Native-born workers by ethnic group
                          Class here indigenous ethnic groups [formerly 331.69], native-born
                          nonindigenous ethnic groups                                                                  331 Economics
                                                                                                       331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.630 01–.630 07         *‡Standard subdivisions                                                                 331 Economics
                                                                                                       331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.630 08                 *‡Groups of people                                                                      331 Economics
                                                                                                       331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.630 089]                  *‡Ethnic and national groups
                                        Do not use for comprehensive works on native-born ethnic
                                        groups; class in 331.63. Do not use for specific native-born
                                        ethnic groups; class in 331.6305–331.6399                                      331 Economics
                                                                                                       331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.630 09                 *‡History, geographic treatment, biography                                              331 Economics
                                                                                                       331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.630 5–.630 9       *‡Native-born workers of mixed ancestry with ethnic origins from more
                             than one continent, native-born European workers and native-born
                             workers of European descent
                                 Add to base number 331.63 notation 05–09 from Table 5, e.g.,
                                 native-born workers of European descent 331.6309, native-born
                                 workers of European descent in Australia 331.6309094                                  331 Economics
                                                                                                       331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.631–.639       *‡Native-born workers of other ethnic groups
                              Add to base number 331.63 notation 1–9 from Table 5, e.g., African
                              Americans 331.6396073, African American workers in Alabama
                              331.63960730761, Aboriginal Australians 331.639915, Aboriginal
                              Australian workers in Queensland 331.6399150943                                          331 Economics
                                                                                                       331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.69]        *‡Indigenous ethnic groups
                          Relocated to 331.63                                                                          331 Economics
                                                                                                       331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.7        *‡Labor by industry and occupation
                       Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                       Class comprehensive works on industrial occupations in 331.794
                          For professional relationships in a specific industry or occupation, see the
                          industry or occupation, plus notation 023 from Table 1, e.g., professional
                          relationships in accounting 657.023                                                          331 Economics
                                                                                                       331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.700 1–.700 9       *‡Standard subdivisions




                                                    29
331                              DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                       331
                                                                                                                    331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.702             *‡Choice of vocation
                             Class here choice of vocation for people with specific personal
                             attributes, e.g., veterans; interdisciplinary works describing vocations
                             and occupational specialties; interdisciplinary works on career
                             opportunities and vocational counseling
                             Class studies of vocational interest in 158.6; class job hunting in 650.14
                                 For vocational counseling in schools, see 371.425. For descriptions
                                 of, career opportunities in, choice of vocation with regard to
                                 specific vocations and occupational specialties, see the vocation or
                                 specialty, plus notation 023 from Table 1, e.g., career opportunities
                                 in accounting 657.023                                                              331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.702 3              *‡Choice of vocation for people at specific educational levels                           331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.702 301–.702 309]         *‡Standard subdivisions
                                       Do not use; class in 331.70201–331.70209                                     331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.702 33                *‡Choice of vocation for high school graduates                                        331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.702 35                *‡Choice of vocation for college graduates
                                    Regardless of degree obtained                                                   331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.71       *‡Professional occupations
                             For specific professional occupations, see 331.761                                     331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.76       *‡Specific industries and occupations
                          Class specific groups of occupations in 331.79                                            331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.760 1–.760 9]      *‡Standard subdivisions
                                 Do not use; class in 331.7001–331.7009                                             331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.761             *‡Industries and occupations other than extractive, manufacturing,
                          construction
                             Standard subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both
                             Class comprehensive works on service industries and occupations in
                             331.793                                                                                331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.761 000 1–.761 000 9         *‡Standard subdivisions                                                        331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.761 001–.761 999          *‡Subdivisions for industries and occupations other than extractive,
                                    manufacturing, construction
                                       Add to base number 331.761 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                       managerial occupations 331.761658; however, for
                                       governmental (public service) occupations, see 331.795
                                          Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or
                                          both




                                                   30
331                                           Economics                                               331
                                                                                                                      331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.762–.769        *‡Extractive, manufacturing, construction industries and occupations
                             Add to base number 331.76 the numbers following 6 in 620–690, e.g.,
                             food processing 331.7664
                                Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both
                             Class comprehensive works on industrial occupations in 331.794                           331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.79         *‡General occupation groups and government occupations
                          Occupational groups not defined by industry or discipline
                          Unless other instructions are given, class a subject with aspects in two or
                          more subdivisions of 331.79 in the number coming last, e.g., white collar
                          governmental (public service) occupations 331.795 (not 331.792)
                             For professional occupations, see 331.71                                                 331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.790 1–.790 9]      *‡Standard subdivisions
                                 Do not use; class in 331.7001–331.7009                                               331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.792             *‡White collar occupations                                                                    331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.793             *‡Service occupations
                             Class here labor in service industries                                                   331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.794             *‡Industrial occupations
                             Including the work of artisans and supervisors; skilled, semiskilled
                             work
                                 For unskilled work, see 331.798                                                      331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.795             *‡Governmental occupations (Public service occupations)
                             Including elected civil servants                                                         331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.798             *‡Unskilled work                                                                              331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.8     *‡Labor unions, labor-management bargaining and disputes
                     Class here interdisciplinary works on labor movements
                     Class comprehensive works on labor relations (all relations between
                     management and individual employees or employee groups) in 331; class
                     comprehensive works on industrial democracy in 331.0112
                          For a specific aspect of labor movements, see the aspect, e.g., political
                          activities of labor movements 322.2                                                         331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




                                     SUMMARY
              [331.87                Labor union organization
                 [.88                Labor unions (Trade unions)
                 [.89                Labor-management bargaining and disputes                                         331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.87         *‡Labor union organization
                          Class comprehensive works on labor unions in 331.88                                         331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.871             *‡Constitutions, bylaws, rules

                                                    31
331                               DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                       331
                                                                                                                     331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.872         *‡Levels of organization
                             Including locals, national unions, union federations
                             Class international unions in 331.88091; class descriptions of
                             individual unions and federations, comprehensive works on unions in
                             specific areas in 331.8809                                                              331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.873         *‡Specific aspects of union organization
                             Including discipline of members                                                         331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.873 01–.873 09]       *‡Standard subdivisions
                                    Do not use; class in 331.8701–331.8709                                           331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.873 2              *‡Membership
                                 Class here membership policies
                                 Class discrimination by unions against workers with specific
                                 personal attributes with the characteristic in 331.3–331.6, e.g.,
                                 discrimination against women 331.47732                                              331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.873 3              *‡Officers
                                 Including shop stewards
                                 Class here union leaders
                                 Class biography of union leaders in 331.88092                                       331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.873 5              *‡Benefits, funds, property                                                               331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.874         *‡Union elections and conventions
                             Standard subdivisions are added for union elections and conventions
                             together, for union elections alone                                                     331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.88       *‡Labor unions (Trade unions)
                          Class here unions organized along religious lines, e.g., Christian trade
                          unions
                          Class right of workers to organize in 331.2596
                             For labor union organization, see 331.87; for managerial viewpoint on
                             labor unions, see 658.3153
                             See also 322.2 for political activities of labor unions                                 331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.880 1              *‡Philosophy and theory
                                 Including countermonopoly theory; theories of unions as
                                 instruments of class struggle, as instruments of industrial
                                 democracy, as instruments for worker control of industry
                                     See also 331.0112 for industrial democracy; also 338.69 for
                                     worker control of industry                                                      331 Economics
                                                                                                     331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.880 9              *‡History, geographic treatment, biography




                                                    32
331                                          Economics                                              331
                                                                                                                    331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.880 91               *‡Areas, regions, places in general
                                   Class here international unions
                                   Class international unions with members from only two
                                   countries in 331.88094–331.88099, using the comprehensive
                                   notation from Table 2 for the two countries, e.g., unions with
                                   United States and Canadian workers 331.880973                                    331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.881            *‡Labor unions by industry and occupation
                            Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                    331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.881 1             *‡Labor unions in industries and occupations other than extractive,
                            manufacturing, construction
                               Standard subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both
                               Class here labor unions in service industries and occupations                        331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.881 100 01–.881 100 09         *‡Standard subdivisions                                                      331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.881 100 1–.881 199 9        *‡Subdivisions for labor unions (trade unions) in industries and
                                      occupations other than extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                           Add to base number 331.8811 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                           teachers’ unions 331.88113711
                                              Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or
                                              both                                                                  331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.881 2–.881 9      *‡Labor unions in extractive, manufacturing, construction industries and
                            occupations
                               Add to base number 331.881 the numbers following 6 in 620–690,
                               e.g., garment workers’ unions 331.88187
                                   Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both                      331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.883            *‡Kinds of unions
                            Class blue-collar unions in 331.88; class specific kinds of unions by
                            industry and occupation in 331.881
                               For revolutionary unions, see 331.886                                                331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.883 2             *‡Craft unions
                               Class semi-industrial unions in 331.8833                                             331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.883 3             *‡Industrial unions
                               Class here semi-industrial unions                                                    331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.883 4             *‡Company unions                                                                          331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.883 6             *‡White collar unions                                                                     331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.886            *‡Revolutionary unions
                            Class Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) in 331.8860973                              331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.889            *‡Union security issues



                                                   33
331                                 DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                         331
                                                                                                                         331 Economics
                                                                                                         331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.889 2                 *‡Open and closed shop
                                   Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                                   Class here right to work, agency shop, union shop; general
                                   arrangements for union security
                                   Class specific issues of union security in 331.8896; class
                                   comprehensive works on rights of labor in 331.011                                     331 Economics
                                                                                                         331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.889 6                 *‡Other union security issues
                                   Including control of hiring, layoffs, apprenticeships; preferential
                                   hiring, sole bargaining rights; dues checkoff, featherbedding
                                   Class general arrangements for union security in 331.8892                             331 Economics
                                                                                                         331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.889 601–.889 609]           *‡Standard subdivisions
                                          Do not use; class in 331.88901–331.88909                                       331 Economics
                                                                                                         331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.889 66                   *‡Grievance procedures                                                                  331 Economics
                                                                                                         331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.89          *‡Labor-management bargaining and disputes
                            Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                            Variant name for labor-management bargaining: collective bargaining
                            Class conditions of work determined by collective bargaining in 331.2;
                            class grievance procedures to resolve disputes in 331.88966; class works
                            treating collective bargaining from the managerial viewpoint in 658.3154                     331 Economics
                                                                                                         331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




                                       SUMMARY
                 [331.890 4                   Labor-management bargaining and disputes by industry and
                                                 occupation
                    [.891                 Contracts and related topics
                    [.892                 Strikes
                    [.893                 Other labor measures
                    [.894                 Management measures
                    [.898                 Government measures                                                            331 Economics
                                                                                                         331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.890 4                 *‡Labor-management bargaining and disputes by industry and occupation
                                   Standard subdivisions are added for any or all topics in heading                      331 Economics
                                                                                                         331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.890 41                   *‡Labor-management bargaining and disputes in industries and
                                   occupations other than extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                      Standard subdivisions are added for any or all topics in heading
                                      Class here labor-management bargaining and disputes in service
                                      industries and occupations                                                         331 Economics
                                                                                                         331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.890 410 001–.890 410 009              *‡Standard subdivisions




                                                     34
331                                          Economics                                                331
                                                                                                                      331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.890 410 01–.890 419 99         *‡Subdivisions for labor-management bargaining and
                                         disputes in industries and occupations other than
                                         extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                             Add to base number 331.89041 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                             labor-management bargaining in hospitals
                                             331.8904136211
                                                Subdivisions are added for any or all topics in
                                                heading                                                               331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.890 42–.890 49      *‡Labor-management bargaining and disputes in extractive,
                              manufacturing, construction industries and occupations
                                 Add to base number 331.8904 the numbers following 6 in
                                 620–690, e.g., labor-management bargaining and disputes in the
                                 garment industry 331.890487
                                    Subdivisions are added for any or all topics in heading                           331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.891         *‡Contracts and related topics
                           Standard subdivisions are added for contracts and related topics, for
                           contracts alone                                                                            331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.891 2            *‡Organizing and contract negotiation
                              Including negotiation during life of contract, recognition of unions
                              Class conciliation measures in 331.8914                                                 331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.891 4            *‡Conciliation measures                                                                      331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.891 42              *‡Mediation                                                                               331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.891 43              *‡Arbitration                                                                             331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.892         *‡Strikes
                              For management measures with respect to strikes, see 331.894; for
                              government measures with respect to strikes, see 331.898
                              See also 331.8914 for conciliation measures                                             331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.892 01              *‡Philosophy and theory
                                 Including right to strike, general theories about effects of strikes
                                 Class effects of strikes on a specific thing with the thing, e.g.,
                                 effect of strikes on profitability of mining industries 338.23                       331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.892 09]             *‡History, geographic treatment, biography
                                 Do not use; class in 331.8929                                                        331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.892 5            *‡General strikes
                              Class interdisciplinary works on general strikes in 322.2                               331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.892 7            *‡Picketing                                                                                  331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.892 8            *‡Strikes by industry and occupation
                              Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading


                                                 35
331                              DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                         331
                                                                                                                      331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.892 81                *‡Strikes in industries and occupations other than extractive,
                                manufacturing, construction
                                   Standard subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or
                                   both
                                   Class here strikes in service industries and occupations                           331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.892 810 001–.892 810 009           *‡Standard subdivisions                                                    331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.892 810 01–.892 819 99          *‡Subdivisions for strikes in industries and occupations
                                          other than extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                              Add to base number 331.89281 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                              teachers’ strikes 331.892813711
                                                  Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations,
                                                  or both                                                             331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.892 82–.892 89        *‡Strikes in extractive, manufacturing, construction industries and
                                occupations
                                   Add to base number 331.8928 the numbers following 6 in
                                   620–690, e.g., strikes of rubber workers 331.8928782
                                      Subdivisions are added for industries, occupations, or both                     331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.892 9              *‡History, geographic treatment, biography                                                 331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.892 900 1–.892 900 9        *‡Standard subdivisions                                                           331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.892 900 9]                  *‡History
                                          Do not use; class in 331.8929                                               331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.892 901–.892 905         *‡Historical periods
                                       Add to base number 331.8929 notation 01–05 from Table 2,
                                       e.g., strikes in 20th century 331.892904
                                       Class general strikes in specific periods in 331.8925; class
                                       strikes by industry and occupations in specific periods in
                                       331.8928                                                                       331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.892 91–.892 99        *‡Geographic treatment and biography
                                   Add to base number 331.8929 notation 1–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                                   strikes in Great Britain 331.892941
                                   Class general strikes in specific places in 331.8925; class strikes
                                   by industry and occupations in specific places in 331.8928                         331 Economics
                                                                                                      331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.893          *‡Other labor measures
                             Including boycotts, injunctions, sabotage
                             Class here comprehensive works on labor violence
                                For violence in strikes, see 331.892




                                                  36
331                                            Economics                                            331
                                                                                                                    331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.894            *‡Management measures
                               Including blacklisting, injunctions, labor espionage, lockouts,
                               strikebreaking, yellow-dog contracts
                               Class comprehensive works on strikes in 331.892                                      331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




      [.898            *‡Government measures
                                  For conciliation measures, see 331.8914
                                  See also 331.8892 for right to work                                               331 Economics
                                                                                                    331 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 331




       [.898 4             *‡Use of troops                                                                          332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




[332        *‡Financial economics
                       For public finance, see 336
                       See Manual at 332, 336 vs. 339; also at 332 vs. 338, 658.15                                  332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




                                      SUMMARY
                 [332.01–.09          Standard subdivisions, personal finance, special topics
                    [.1            Banks
                    [.2            Specialized banking institutions
                    [.3            Credit and loan institutions
                    [.4            Money
                    [.5            Barter, commercial paper, social credit money
                    [.6            Investment
                    [.7            Credit
                    [.8            Interest
                    [.9            Counterfeiting, forgery, alteration                                              332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.024            *‡Personal finance
                               Do not use for works on financial economics for people in specific
                               occupations; class in 332.02
                               Including prevention of identity theft
                               Class here management of household finances
                                  For a specific aspect of personal finance not provided for here, see
                                  the aspect, e.g., investing in stocks 332.6322, consumer information
                                  381.33                                                                            332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.024 001–.024 007           *‡Standard subdivisions                                                          332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.024 008                    *‡Groups of people                                                               332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.024 008 1–.024 008 8          *‡Groups of people by specific attributes
                                            Add to base number 332.024008 the numbers following
                                            —08 in notation 081–088 from Table 1, e.g., personal
                                            finance for women 332.0240082, personal finance for
                                            single women 332.024008652                                              332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.024 008 9                     *‡Ethnic and national groups                                                  332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.024 009                    *‡History, geographic treatment, biography


                                                     37
332                               DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                        332
                                                                                                                      332 Economics
                                                                                                      332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.024 01               *‡Increasing income, net worth, financial security
                                    Standard subdivisions are added for any or all topics in heading
                                    Class here financial independence                                                 332 Economics
                                                                                                      332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.024 010 81–.024 010 88          *‡Groups of people by specific attributes
                                               Add to base number 332.0240108 the numbers
                                               following —08 in notation 081–088 from Table 1,
                                               e.g., increasing income for women 332.02401082,
                                               increasing income for single women 332.0240108652                      332 Economics
                                                                                                      332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.024 014                   *‡Retirement planning                                                               332 Economics
                                                                                                      332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.024 014 5                    *‡Retirement investment plans
                                            Class here individual retirement accounts (IRAs), 401(k)
                                            plans, Keogh plans, other investment plans regardless of
                                            name; annuities                                                           332 Economics
                                                                                                      332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.024 016                   *‡Estate planning                                                                   332 Economics
                                                                                                      332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.024 02               *‡Personal debt management                                                               332 Economics
                                                                                                      332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.024 020 81–.024 020 88          *‡Groups of people by specific attributes
                                               Add to base number 332.0240208 the numbers
                                               following —08 in notation 081–088 from Table 1,
                                               e.g., debt management for women 332.02402082, debt
                                               management for single women 332.0240208652                             332 Economics
                                                                                                      332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.04          *‡Special topics of financial economics                                                           332 Economics
                                                                                                      332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.041           *‡Capital
                               For international aspects of capital, see 332.042                                      332 Economics
                                                                                                      332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.041 2             *‡Working capital
                               Including cash, inventories                                                            332 Economics
                                                                                                      332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.041 4             *‡Fixed capital
                                    For land, see 333                                                                 332 Economics
                                                                                                      332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.041 5             *‡Capital formation and saving
                               Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                               Class here capital markets, interdisciplinary works on raising
                               money for investment in capital assets
                                    For capital formation discussed in relation to production in
                                    specific kinds of industries, see 338.1–338.4; for financing of
                                    firms, see 338.6041; for savings and investment as a factor
                                    affecting national income, see 339.43                                             332 Economics
                                                                                                      332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.041 506 8]                   *‡Management
                                            Do not use; class in 658.1522



                                                    38
332                                             Economics                                           332
                                                                                                                    332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.041 52                 *‡Self-financing
                                     Class here retained profits
                                     Class managerial aspects of self-financing in 658.15226                        332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.041 54                 *‡Venture capital                                                                    332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.042            *‡International finance
                              Class international monetary system in 332.45; class comprehensive
                              works on international economics in 337
                                  For international banking, see 332.15; for international investment,
                                  see 332.673                                                                       332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.042 4               *‡Capital movements
                                  Class here currency movements
                                      For exchange of currencies, see 332.45; for international
                                      exchange of securities, see 332.65; for balance of payments, see
                                      382.17                                                                        332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.042 46                 *‡Emigrant remittances
                                         For a specific aspect of emigrant remittances, see the aspect,
                                         e.g., impact of emigrant remittances on economic
                                         development in Latin America 338.98                                        332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.06          *‡Organizations
                           Do not use for financial institutions and their management; class in 332.1               332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.1        *‡Banks
                      Including bank failures
                      Class here banking; comprehensive works on money and banking, on financial
                      institutions and their functions
                      Class government guaranty of deposits in 368.854
                           For specialized banking institutions, see 332.2; for credit and loan
                           institutions, see 332.3; for money, see 332.4; for credit, see 332.7; for
                           credit unions, see 334.22. For a specific nonbanking activity of a bank, see
                           the activity, e.g., e.g., banks selling real estate 333.33                               332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




                                      SUMMARY
                 [332.11              Central banks
                    [.12              Commercial banks
                    [.15              International banks
                    [.16              Banks with multiple outlets
                    [.17              Banking services                                                              332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.11          *‡Central banks
                           Specific central banks are classed here, e.g., United States Board of
                           Governors of the Federal Reserve System 332.110973



                                                     39
332                          DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      332
                                                                                                               332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.112       *‡Relation to monetary policy
                        Including issuance of bank notes
                        Class role of central bank in carrying out macroeconomic policy in
                        339.53; class comprehensive works on bank notes in 332.4044
                            For interest rates, reserve requirements, see 332.113; for
                            open-market operations, see 332.114                                                332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.113       *‡Relation to commercial banks
                        Including clearance, interest rates (discount rates), loans, reserve
                        requirements                                                                           332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.114       *‡Open-market operations
                        Including purchase of government securities                                            332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.12      *‡Commercial banks
                     Class here clearing banks, clearing houses
                     Class relation to central banks in 332.113; class commercial banks with
                     multiple outlets in 332.16
                        For international operations of commercial banks, see 332.15; for
                        other banking services of commercial banks, see 332.17                                 332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.122       *‡Incorporated banks
                        Class here chartered banks                                                             332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.122 3         *‡National banks
                               See also 332.11 for central banks                                               332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.122 4         *‡State and provincial banks
                            Class state and provincial chartered private banks in 332.123                      332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.123       *‡Private banks                                                                              332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.15      *‡International banks
                     Class here international operations of commercial and other banks, role of
                     banks in international borrowing and debt
                     Class comprehensive works on international borrowing and debt in
                     336.3435                                                                                  332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.152       *‡International banks for monetary stabilization and balance of
                    payments
                        Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                        Class here International Monetary Fund
                        Class comprehensive works on balance of payments in 382.17




                                              40
332                                        Economics                                              332
                                                                                                                  332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.153         *‡International banks for development of resources and production
                          Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                          Including International Development Association, International Finance
                          Corporation
                          Class here comprehensive works on development banks
                          Class banks for development of resources and production in a specific
                          region in 332.15309
                              For development banks serving one country, see 332.28                               332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.153 094                *‡Europe
                                        For European Investment Bank, see 332.1534                                332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.153 097                *‡North America
                                        For Inter-American Development Bank, see 332.1538                         332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.153 2           *‡International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank)                      332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.153 4           *‡European Investment Bank                                                                332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.153 8           *‡Inter-American Development Bank                                                         332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.154         *‡International banks for promotion and facilitation of trade
                          Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                    332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.155         *‡International banks for international settlements
                          Class here Bank for International Settlements                                           332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.16        *‡Banks with multiple outlets
                       Class here branch banks, chain banks, interstate banking; bank holding
                       companies, mergers, syndicates                                                             332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.17        *‡Banking services
                          For international operations, see 332.15; for services of specialized
                          banking institutions, see 332.2
                          See also 332.7 for credit functions not limited to a specific type of
                          financial institution                                                                   332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.175         *‡General banking services                                                                    332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.175 2           *‡Deposits
                              Including time deposits, e.g., certificates of deposit, savings
                              accounts; savings departments                                                       332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.175 22             *‡Checking accounts
                                  Including NOW (negotiable order of withdrawal) accounts
                                  Class here demand deposits                                                      332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.175 3           *‡Loans


                                                 41
332                             DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                       332
                                                                                                                   332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.175 4            *‡Investments
                                   See also 332.66 for investment banks                                            332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.178          *‡Special banking services
                            Including clearing services, debit and smart cards, electronic funds
                            transfers, internet banking, safe-deposit services, trust services                     332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.178 8            *‡Credit cards
                               Class comprehensive works on credit cards in 332.765                                332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.2       *‡Specialized banking institutions
                        For international banks, see 332.15; for agricultural institutions, see
                        332.31; for investment banks, see 332.66; for banking cooperatives, see
                        334.2                                                                                      332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.21        *‡Savings banks
                        Including government savings banks
                        Class here mutual savings banks
                        Class comprehensive works on thrift institutions in 332.32
                            For postal savings banks, see 332.22                                                   332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.22        *‡Postal savings banks                                                                           332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.26        *‡Trust companies                                                                                332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.28        *‡Development banks serving one country
                        Variant name: industrial development banks
                        Class banks for development of agriculture in 332.31; class comprehensive
                        works on development banks in 332.153                                                      332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.3       *‡Credit and loan institutions
                     Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                     Including credit and loan functions of enterprises whose primary function is
                     not credit and loan, e.g., credit function of retail stores, travel agencies
                     Class credit and loan functions of insurance companies in 332.38                              332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.31        *‡Agricultural institutions
                        Including land banks                                                                       332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.32        *‡Savings and loan associations
                        Variant names: building and loan associations, building societies, home
                        loan associations, mortgage institutions
                        Class here comprehensive works on thrift institutions
                            For savings banks, see 332.21; for credit unions, see 334.22




                                                  42
332                                          Economics                                            332
                                                                                                                  332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.34        *‡Pawnshops
                         Class here pawnbrokers, pawnbroking                                                      332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.35        *‡Consumer and sales finance institutions
                         Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                     332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.37        *‡Labor and employee banks
                         Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                            For credit unions, see 334.22
                            See also 332.35 for banks specializing in consumer loans                              332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.38        *‡Credit and loan functions of insurance companies
                         Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                         Class interdisciplinary works on insurance companies in 368.0065                         332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.4       *‡Money
                     Class here mediums of exchange
                     Class monetary policy in 332.46; class comprehensive works on money and
                     banking in 332.1
                         For barter, commercial paper, social credit money, see 332.5                             332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




                                    SUMMARY
                [332.401–.408          Standard subdivisions and forms and units of money
                   [.41             Value of money
                   [.42             Monetary standards
                   [.45             Foreign exchange
                   [.46             Monetary policy
                   [.49             History, geographic treatment, biography of money and monetary
                                       policy                                                                     332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.401           *‡Philosophy and theory
                            Including circulation and velocity theory, equation of exchange theory,
                            income and cash balance theories, quantity theory, supply and demand
                            theory                                                                                332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.404           *‡Forms and units of money                                                                  332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.404 2             *‡Gold and silver coins
                                Class here interdisciplinary works on coins
                                   For token coins, coins of nonprecious metals, see 332.4043. For
                                   a specific aspect of coins not provided for here, see the aspect,
                                   e.g., coins as an investment 332.63, artistic aspect of coins 737.4            332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.404 3             *‡Token coins
                                Coins with an intrinsic value less than their nominal value
                                Class here coins of nonprecious metals


                                                    43
332                         DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                    332
                                                                                                            332 Economics
                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.404 4         *‡Paper money
                           Class here bank notes                                                            332 Economics
                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.409]      *‡History, geographic treatment, biography
                        Do not use; class in 332.49                                                         332 Economics
                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.41      *‡Value of money
                    Class here inflation, stagflation, deflation; purchasing power
                    Class the personal financial problem of coping with changing value of
                    money in 332.024; class comprehensive works on purchasing power in
                    339.42
                        See also 331.1372 for effects of inflation on unemployment                          332 Economics
                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.414       *‡Factors affecting fluctuations in value
                        Including variations in money supply
                           For stabilization measures, see 332.415                                          332 Economics
                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.414 2         *‡Devaluation                                                                         332 Economics
                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.415       *‡Stabilization measures
                        Including wage-price policy to combat inflation
                        Class monetary policy in 332.46; class fiscal policy in 336.3; class
                        comprehensive works on economic stabilization policies, on wage-price
                        policy in 339.5                                                                     332 Economics
                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.42      *‡Monetary standards
                    Class here credit, fiat, paper money; bank notes; legal tender; paper
                    standard
                        For paper money as a form of currency, see 332.4044                                 332 Economics
                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.422       *‡Monometallic standards                                                                  332 Economics
                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.422 2         *‡Gold standard                                                                       332 Economics
                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.422 3         *‡Silver standard
                           Class silver question in 332.4230973                                             332 Economics
                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.423       *‡Bimetallism
                        Class here bimetallism based on gold and silver




                                              44
 332                                         Economics                                            332
                                                                                                                  332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




       [.45        *‡Foreign exchange
                          Class here forward exchange (foreign exchange futures), international
                          monetary systems, special drawing rights
                          Class Eurocurrency and Eurodollar market in 332.456094; class Euro in
                          332.494; class comprehensive works on international finance in 332.042;
                          class comprehensive works on financial futures in 332.632; class
                          comprehensive works on speculation in 332.645; class comprehensive
                          works on balance of payments in 382.17
                             See also 332.152 for International Monetary Fund                                     332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




       [.452          *‡Foreign exchange with a gold standard                                                     332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




       [.456          *‡Exchange rates
                             Class here currency convertibility                                                   332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




       [.456 01–.456 08       *‡Standard subdivisions
                                    Class standard subdivisions of specific currencies and groups of
                                    currencies in 332.45609                                                       332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




       [.456 09               *‡History, geographic treatment, biography                                          332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




       [.456 091                  *‡Exchange rates of specific currencies and groups of currencies in
                                    areas, regions, places in general
                                       Add to base number 332.456091 the numbers following —1
                                       in notation 11–19 from Table 2, e.g., exchange rates of
                                       currencies of developing countries 332.456091724; then add
                                       0* and to the result add notation 1–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                                       exchange rate between currencies of developing countries
                                       and Europe 332.45609172404
                                           Do not follow add instructions under —091 in Table 1
                                       Give priority in notation to the currency of a jurisdiction or
                                       group of jurisdictions coming first in Table 2
                                          (Option: Give priority in notation to the currency of the
                                          jurisdiction requiring local emphasis, e.g., libraries in
                                          Europe class exchange rate between currencies of Europe
                                          and developing countries in 332.45609401724)




*Add 00 for standard subdivisions; see instructions at beginning of Table 1

                                                   45
332                              DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      332
                                                                                                                    332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.456 093–.456 099         *‡Exchange rates of specific currencies and groups of currencies in
                                   specific continents, countries, localities
                                       Add to base number 332.45609 notation 3–9 from Table 2,
                                       e.g., exchange rates of currency of United Kingdom
                                       332.4560941; then add 0* and to the result add notation 1–9
                                       from Table 2, e.g., exchange rate between currencies of
                                       United Kingdom and United States 332.4560941073
                                           Do not use add table under —093–099 in Table 1
                                       Give priority in notation to the currency of a jurisdiction or
                                       group of jurisdictions coming first in Table 2
                                          (Option: Give priority in notation to the currency of the
                                          jurisdiction requiring local emphasis, e.g., libraries in
                                          United States class exchange rate between currencies of
                                          United States and United Kingdom in 332.4560973041)                       332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.456 2              *‡Floating exchange rates (Fluctuating exchange rates)
                                Class managed floating rates in 332.4564                                            332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.456 4              *‡Fixed and flexible exchange rates
                                    For determination by international agreement, see 332.4566                      332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.456 6              *‡Determination by international agreement
                                Class here international monetary policy, international monetary
                                reform
                                Class Internation Monetary Fund in 332.152; class comprehensive
                                works on monetary policy in 332.46                                                  332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.46        *‡Monetary policy
                         Including minting policies and practices
                         Class here currency question, managed currency
                             For relation of central banks to monetary policy, see 332.112; for
                             international monetary policy, see 332.4566; for use of monetary policy
                             for economic stabilization, see 339.53                                                 332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.460 9]             *‡History, geographic treatment, biography
                                Do not use; class in 332.49                                                         332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.49        *‡History, geographic treatment, biography of money and monetary
                    policy
                         Standard subdivisions are added for money, monetary policy, or both                        332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.490 01–.490 08        *‡Standard subdivisions                                                               332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.490 09]               *‡History
                                   Do not use; class in 332.49                                                      332 Economics
                                                                                                    332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.490 1–.490 5       *‡Historical periods
                                Add to base number 332.49 notation 01–05 from Table 2, e.g.,
                                money and monetary policy in 20th century 332.4904
                                  Subdivisions are added for money, monetary policy, or both

                                                   46
332                                               Economics                                                 332
                                                                                                                            332 Economics
                                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.491–.499        *‡Geographic treatment and biography
                                Add to base number 332.49 notation 1–9 from Table 2, e.g., money and
                                monetary policy in India 332.4954
                                  Subdivisions are added for money, monetary policy, or both                                332 Economics
                                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.5        *‡Barter, commercial paper, social credit money                                                            332 Economics
                                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.54          *‡Barter                                                                                                332 Economics
                                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.55          *‡Commercial paper as medium of exchange
                             Class comprehensive works on commercial paper in 332.77                                        332 Economics
                                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.56          *‡Social credit money                                                                                   332 Economics
                                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.6        *‡Investment
                       Class here investments, domestic investment, individual investment, private
                       investment; investment prospectuses, portfolio analysis and management
                       Class investment guides in 332.678; class description and analysis of business
                       enterprises issuing securities in 338.7                                                              332 Economics
                                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




                                        SUMMARY
                  [332.604                 Special topics of investment
                     [.62               Securities brokers
                     [.63               Specific forms of investment
                     [.64               Exchange of securities and commodities; speculation
                     [.65               International exchange of securities
                     [.66               Investment banks
                     [.67               Investments in specific industries, in specific kinds of enterprise, by
                                           specific kinds of investors; international investment; investment
                                           guides                                                                           332 Economics
                                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.601 12]                  *‡Forecasting
                                       Do not use; class in 332.678                                                         332 Economics
                                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.604             *‡Special topics of investment                                                                      332 Economics
                                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.604 2                 *‡Investment for specific purposes
                                    Including socially responsible investment
                                    Class retirement investment plans in 332.0240145                                        332 Economics
                                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.604 201–.604 209]            *‡Standard subdivisions
                                           Do not use; class in 332.601–332.609                                             332 Economics
                                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.604 22                   *‡Tax shelters                                                                             332 Economics
                                                                                                            332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.62          *‡Securities brokers
                             Including discount brokers
                             Class here investment brokers, investment counselors
                             Class real estate brokerage in 333.33


                                                       47
332                               DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                         332
                                                                                                                       332 Economics
                                                                                                       332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.63        *‡Specific forms of investment
                          Including art, coins, stamps
                          Class here speculation in specific forms of investment
                          Class speculation in multiple forms of investment, comprehensive works on
                          speculation in 332.645; class investment in specific kinds of enterprises
                          regardless of form in 332.6722                                                               332 Economics
                                                                                                       332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.630 1–.630 9]      *‡Standard subdivisions
                                 Do not use; class in 332.601–332.609                                                  332 Economics
                                                                                                       332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632             *‡Securities, real estate, commodities
                             Standard subdivisions are added for securities, real estate, commodities
                             together; for securities alone
                             Class here valuation (value); speculation in securities; comprehensive
                             works on financial futures
                             Class evaluation techniques in 332.632042; class buying and selling
                             procedures for securities and commodities in 332.64; class buying and
                             selling procedures for real estate in 333.33; class comprehensive works
                             on speculation, on futures in 332.645
                                 For forward exchange (foreign exchange futures), see 332.45                           332 Economics
                                                                                                       332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 04                *‡Special topics of securities, real estate, commodities                                 332 Economics
                                                                                                       332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 042                   *‡Evaluation techniques for securities, real estate, commodities
                                        Standard subdivisions are added for securities, real estate,
                                        commodities together; for securities alone
                                        Including analyzing corporate balance sheets, reading
                                        financial pages and ticker tapes
                                        Class the valuation given to securities, real estate and
                                        commodities in 332.632                                                         332 Economics
                                                                                                       332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 044                   *‡General types of securities
                                        Including fixed rate, variable rate securities; gilt-edged
                                        securities
                                        Class stocks in 332.6322; class bonds in 332.6323
                                            See Manual at 332.632044 vs. 332.6323                                      332 Economics
                                                                                                       332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 2              *‡Stocks (Shares)
                                 Including rights and warrants
                                 Class here common stock
                                    See Manual at 332.6322 vs. 332.6323                                                332 Economics
                                                                                                       332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 21                *‡Valuation
                                    Including dividends paid, price-earnings ratio
                                        For prices, see 332.63222

                                                    48
332                                      Economics                                             332
                                                                                                               332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 22          *‡Prices                                                                               332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 220 21                   *‡Tabulated and related materials
                                          Do not use for statistics; class in 332.63222                        332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 25          *‡Preferred stock
                               Class valuation in 332.63221; class prices in 332.63222; class
                               speculation in 332.63228                                                        332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 28          *‡Stock speculation
                               Including buying on margin, day trading, stock index futures
                               Class comprehensive works on speculation in 332.645                             332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 283            *‡Options
                                   Class here puts and calls
                                       See also 331.21649 for employee stock options                           332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 3        *‡Bonds
                          Including mortgage bonds and certificates
                          Class here interest rate futures and options
                               See Manual at 332.632044 vs. 332.6323; also at 332.6322 vs.
                               332.6323                                                                        332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 32          *‡Government securities
                               Class here government or treasury bonds, bills, certificates,
                               notes
                                   For municipal bonds, see 332.63233                                          332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 33          *‡Municipal bonds                                                                      332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 34          *‡Corporate bonds                                                                      332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 4        *‡Real estate
                          Class real estate finance in 332.72; class comprehensive works on
                          fixed capital in 332.0414; class comprehensive works on real estate
                          business in 333.33                                                                   332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 42          *‡Land                                                                                 332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 43          *‡Buildings and other fixtures
                               Standard subdivisions are added for buildings and other fixtures,
                               for buildings alone
                                   See also 647.92–647.94 for management of multiple
                                   dwellings                                                                   332 Economics
                                                                                               332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 44          *‡Mortgages
                                   See also 332.6323 for mortgage bonds



                                               49
332                             DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      332
                                                                                                                  332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 47               *‡Real estate investment trusts
                                   Including real estate syndication                                              332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 7             *‡Investment company securities
                               Including closed-end mutual funds, money market funds
                               Class here mutual funds, open-end mutual funds, investment
                               companies, investment trusts, unit trusts
                                   For real estate investment trusts, see 332.63247                               332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.632 8             *‡Commodities
                               Class here commodity futures and options, speculation in
                               commodities                                                                        332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.64       *‡Exchange of securities and commodities; speculation
                         Class here security and commodity exchanges
                            See also 332.632 for advice on investing in specific forms of securities
                            and commodities; also 332.678 for general investment guides                           332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.642            *‡Exchange of securities
                            Including initial public offerings, tender offers
                            Class here securities exchanges, stock exchanges, stock market
                            Class brokerage firms in 332.62; class speculation in securities in
                            332.632
                               For over-the-counter markets, see 332.643; for international
                               exchange of securities, see 332.65                                                 332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.642 094–.642 099]       *‡Geographic treatment in modern world
                                      Do not use; class in 332.6424–332.6429                                      332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.642 4–.642 9      *‡Exchange of securities in modern world
                               Add to base number 332.642 notation 4–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                               exchange of securities in the Netherlands 332.642492
                                  When adding from Table 2 for a specific exchange, use the
                                  number for the primary area served by the exchange, e.g., New
                                  York Stock Exchange 332.64273, Pacific Stock Exchange
                                  332.64279                                                                       332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.643            *‡Over-the-counter markets                                                                 332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.644            *‡Exchange of commodities
                            Class here commodity exchanges, commodity futures and options
                            markets
                            Class speculation in 332.645                                                          332 Economics
                                                                                                  332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.644 1             *‡Products of agriculture
                               Add to base number 332.6441 the numbers following 63 in
                               633–638, e.g., soybeans 332.6441334


                                                  50
332                                             Economics                                                 332
                                                                                                                           332 Economics
                                                                                                           332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.644 2                *‡Products of mineral industries
                                   Add to base number 332.6442 the numbers following 553 in
                                   553.2–553.9, e.g., copper 332.644243                                                    332 Economics
                                                                                                           332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.645             *‡Speculation
                               Including arbitrage, buying on margin
                               Class here speculation in multiple forms of investment
                               Class speculation in specific forms of investment in 332.63; class
                               guides to speculation in 332.678
                                   See also 332.45 for speculation in foreign exchange                                     332 Economics
                                                                                                           332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.645 2                *‡Futures                                                                                     332 Economics
                                                                                                           332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.645 24                  *‡Hedging                                                                                  332 Economics
                                                                                                           332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.645 3                *‡Options
                                   Class here puts and calls                                                               332 Economics
                                                                                                           332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.645 7                *‡Derivatives                                                                                 332 Economics
                                                                                                           332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.65         *‡International exchange of securities
                            Class comprehensive works on international investment in 332.673                               332 Economics
                                                                                                           332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.66         *‡Investment banks
                            Class here investment banking, issuing houses
                               For international investment banks, see 332.15
                               See also 332.1754 for investment services of commercial banks                               332 Economics
                                                                                                           332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.67         *‡Investments in specific industries, in specific kinds of enterprise, by
                     specific kinds of investors; international investment; investment guides
                            Class investment in a specific form of securities with the form in 332.63,
                            e.g., investment in railroad stocks 332.6322 (not 332.6722); class a specific
                            aspect of investment with the aspect in 332.64–332.66, e.g., speculation by
                            pension funds 332.645 (not 332.67254)                                                          332 Economics
                                                                                                           332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




                                       SUMMARY
                 [332.672                 Investment in specific industries, in specific kinds of enterprises,
                                              by specific kinds of investors
                    [.673                 International investment
                    [.678                 Investment guides                                                                332 Economics
                                                                                                           332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.670 1–.670 9]        *‡Standard subdivisions
                                   Do not use; class in 332.601–332.609                                                    332 Economics
                                                                                                           332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.672             *‡Investment in specific industries, in specific kinds of enterprises, by
                          specific kinds of investors
                               Class foreign investment in specific industries, in specific kinds of
                               enterprises, by specific kinds of investors in 332.673


                                                      51
332                             DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                       332
                                                                                                                   332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.672 01–.672 09]      *‡Standard subdivisions
                                   Do not use; class in 332.601–332.609                                            332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.672 2             *‡Investment in specific industries and kinds of enterprises
                                Including insurance companies, railroads
                                Class here domestic investment in specific industries and specific
                                kinds of enterprises
                                Class investment in specific industries and kinds of enterprises by
                                specific kinds of investors in 332.6725
                                   See Manual at 332 vs. 338, 658.15                                               332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.672 201–.672 209]       *‡Standard subdivisions
                                      Do not use; class in 332.67201–332.67209                                     332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.672 22               *‡Small business                                                                      332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.672 5             *‡Investment by specific kinds of investors
                                Other than investment by private investors in general or by
                                individual investors
                                Class here domestic investment by specific kind of investors                       332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.672 501–.672 509]       *‡Standard subdivisions
                                      Do not use; class in 332.67201–332.67209                                     332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.672 52               *‡Investment by governments and their agencies
                                   Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in
                                   heading                                                                         332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.672 53               *‡Investment by institutional investors
                                   Class here domestic investment by specific kinds of institutions
                                   other than pension funds
                                   Class investments by banks in 332.1754
                                      For investment by pension funds, see 332.67254                               332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.672 532                 *‡Insurance companies                                                              332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.672 54               *‡Investment by pension funds                                                         332 Economics
                                                                                                   332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.673         *‡International investment
                            Class here foreign investment
                            Class international investment banking in 332.15; class specific forms
                            of foreign investment in 332.63; class history and description of
                            multinational business ventures and subsidiaries in 338.88; class
                            initiation of international business enterprises (including subsidiaries)
                            in 658.1149
                                For international exchange of securities, see 332.65



                                                  52
332                                          Economics                                               332
                                                                                                                     332 Economics
                                                                                                     332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.673 09                *‡History, geographic treatment, biography
                                    Class here the advantages and disadvantages of establishing
                                    businesses in specific areas, investment in specific areas not
                                    originating in other specific areas
                                    Class the advantages and disadvantages of establishing
                                    businesses in specific areas resulting from government policy in
                                    332.6732
                                       See also 338.09 for works describing where in fact industry is
                                       located
                                       See Manual at 338.091–338.099 vs. 332.67309, 338.6042                         332 Economics
                                                                                                     332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.673 093–.673 099         *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                          For investment originating in specific continents and
                                          countries, see 332.6733–332.6739                                           332 Economics
                                                                                                     332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.673 1              *‡International investment by specific kinds of investors
                                Other than investment by private investors in general
                                Including individual investors                                                       332 Economics
                                                                                                     332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.673 101–.673 109]        *‡Standard subdivisions
                                       Do not use; class in 332.67301–332.67309                                      332 Economics
                                                                                                     332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.673 12                *‡International investment by governments                                              332 Economics
                                                                                                     332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.673 14                *‡International investment by institutional investors                                  332 Economics
                                                                                                     332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.673 2              *‡Government policy
                                Including international control                                                      332 Economics
                                                                                                     332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.673 209 3–.673 209 9         *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                          Class incentives and obstacles in country of investment in
                                          332.67322; class incentives and obstacles in country of
                                          investor in 332.67324                                                      332 Economics
                                                                                                     332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.673 22                *‡Incentives and obstacles in country of investment
                                    Class here incentives and obstacles in specific continent and
                                    region of investment
                                    Add to base number 332.67322 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                                    incentives and obstacles in Brazil 332.6732281
                                       Subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                   332 Economics
                                                                                                     332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.673 24                *‡Incentives and obstacles in country of investor
                                    Class here incentives and obstacles in specific continent and
                                    region of investor
                                    Add to base number 332.67324 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                                    incentives and obstacles to overseas investment by British
                                    citizens 332.6732441
                                        Subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading


                                                   53
 332                               DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                        332
                                                                                                                       332 Economics
                                                                                                       332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




       [.673 3–.673 9       *‡Investment originating in specific continents and countries
                                   Add to base number 332.673 notation 3–9 from Table 2 for origin
                                   of investment, e.g., British foreign investments 332.67341; then add
                                   0* and to the result add notation 1–9 from Table 2, e.g., British
                                   foreign investments in Brazil 332.67341081
                                   Class policies of specific governments in 332.6732                                  332 Economics
                                                                                                       332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




       [.678            *‡Investment guides
                               Including forecasting, formula plans, speculation
                               Class here guides to domestic investment in general, guides to
                               investment by private investors in general, by individual investors in
                               general
                               Class guides to specific forms of investment in 332.63; class guides to
                               investment in specific industry, by kind of enterprise, by kind of
                               investor (other than private investors in general and individual
                               investors) in 332.672; class guides to foreign investment in 332.673                    332 Economics
                                                                                                       332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




       [.7     *‡Credit
                        Class here loans
                        Class credit functions of banks in 332.1; class credit functions of specialized
                        banking institutions in 332.2; class credit functions of credit and loan
                        institutions in 332.3
                           For interest, see 332.8                                                                     332 Economics
                                                                                                       332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




       [.71       *‡Agricultural credit                                                                                332 Economics
                                                                                                       332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




       [.72       *‡Real estate finance and mortgages
                           Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                           Class here discrimination in mortgage loans; mortgage delinquencies and
                           defaults
                           Class finance on farm real estate in 332.71
                               See also 332.32 for mortgage institutions; also 332.6323 for mortgage
                               bonds and certificates; also 332.63244 for mortgages as an investment                   332 Economics
                                                                                                       332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




       [.722            *‡Home finance (Residential finance)                                                           332 Economics
                                                                                                       332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




       [.74       *‡Other forms of credit
                           Class credit instruments facilitating a specific form of credit in 332.76                   332 Economics
                                                                                                       332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




       [.742            *‡Commercial, mercantile, industrial credit
                               Including export credit, small business loans                                           332 Economics
                                                                                                       332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




       [.743            *‡Personal loans
                               Including consumer credit



*Add 00 for standard subdivisions; see instructions at beginning of Table 1

                                                     54
332                                        Economics                                             332
                                                                                                                 332 Economics
                                                                                                 332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.75       *‡Insolvency and credit restrictions
                       Standard subdivisions are added for insolvency and credit restrictions
                       together, for insolvency alone
                       Class here bankruptcy                                                                     332 Economics
                                                                                                 332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.76       *‡Credit instruments
                       Including checks, debit cards, money orders, smart cards
                       Class certificates of deposit in 332.1752
                            For commercial paper, see 332.77. For credit instruments issued by a
                            specific type of financial institution, see the type in 332.1, e.g.,
                            commercial banks 332.178                                                             332 Economics
                                                                                                 332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.765          *‡Credit cards
                            Class here comprehensive works on credit cards                                       332 Economics
                                                                                                 332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.77       *‡Commercial paper
                       Including acceptances, drafts, letters of credit, promissory notes
                       Class here comprehensive works on commercial paper
                            For commercial paper as medium of exchange, see 332.55                               332 Economics
                                                                                                 332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.8      *‡Interest
                       See also 332.6323 for interest rate futures                                               332 Economics
                                                                                                 332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.83       *‡Usury                                                                                         332 Economics
                                                                                                 332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.84       *‡Discount
                       Including rediscount                                                                      332 Economics
                                                                                                 332 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 332




      [.9      *‡Counterfeiting, forgery, alteration
                    Class comprehensive works on counterfeiting in 364.133; class comprehensive
                    works on forgery in 364.163
                       See also 737.4 for counterfeit coins; also 769.55 for counterfeit paper
                       money; also 769.562 for counterfeit stamps                                                333 Economics
                                                                                                 333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




[333         *‡Economics of land and energy
                 Land: all natural and man-made resources over which possession of the earth
                 gives control
                 Standard subdivisions are added for land and energy together, for land alone
                 Class here land as a factor of production
                    See Manual at 333.73–333.78 vs. 333, 333.1–333.5




                                                 55
333                             DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      333
                                                                                                                  333 Economics
                                                                                                  333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




                                   SUMMARY
                [333.001–.009         Standard subdivisions
                   [.01–.08        [Theories and land surveys]
                   [.1          Public ownership of land
                   [.2          Ownership of land by nongovernmental groups
                   [.3          Private ownership of land
                   [.4          Absentee ownership
                   [.5          Renting and leasing land
                   [.7          Land, recreational and wilderness areas, energy
                   [.8          Subsurface resources
                   [.9          Other natural resources                                                           333 Economics
                                                                                                  333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.001           *‡Philosophy and theory
                            Do not use for theories; class in 333.01                                              333 Economics
                                                                                                  333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.001 2             *‡Classification
                                   For land classification, see 333.73012                                         333 Economics
                                                                                                  333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.002–.009      *‡Standard subdivisions                                                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                  333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.01         *‡Theories                                                                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                  333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.012           *‡Rent theories
                            Including Ricardo’s theory of earning power of land in terms of its
                            marginal productivity
                            Class here economic rent
                            Class comprehensive works on rent in 333.5                                            333 Economics
                                                                                                  333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.08         *‡Land surveys
                         Class here work of chartered surveyors (United Kingdom)
                            For land surveying techniques, see 526.9. For a specific kind of land
                            survey, see the kind, e.g., public land surveys 333.18, land use surveys
                            333.7313
                            See also 631.47 for surveys that focus on agricultural use of soils




                                                  56
333                                         Economics                                              333
                                                                                                                   333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




>               [333.1–333.5*‡Ownership of land
                    Ownership: right to possession and use; right to transfer of possession and use
                    Land: all natural and man-made resources over which possession of the earth
                    gives control
                    Class here the kind of control that stems from ownership; ownership of natural
                    resources
                    Class comprehensive economic works on ownership of land in 333.3; class
                    interdisciplinary works on economic and legal aspects of ownership and
                    transfer of land in 346.043
                        See also 333.7–333.9 for usage of natural resources, for control of such
                        usage not stemming from ownership
                        See Manual at 333.73–333.78 vs. 333, 333.1–333.5                                           333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.1     *‡Public ownership of land
                    Class public control of privately owned lands in 333.717; class comprehensive
                    works on land policy in 333.73
                        See also 333.2 for ownership and control of land by peoples subordinate to
                        another jurisdiction; also 343.02 for law of public property                               333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.11       *‡Acquisition and disposal of specific kinds of lands
                        Including forests, roads, recreational lands                                               333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.110 1–.110 9]    *‡Standard subdivisions
                               Do not use; class in 333.1                                                          333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.13       *‡Acquisition
                        Including eminent domain, expropriation, purchase
                        Class here evaluation of lands for government acquisition
                        Class acquisition of specific kinds of land in 333.11
                           For nationalization, see 333.14                                                         333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.14       *‡Nationalization                                                                                 333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.16       *‡Disposal
                        Including grants, leases, sale
                        Class disposal of specific kinds of land in 333.11                                         333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.18       *‡Public land surveys
                        Class surveys of public land use in 333.7313; class interdisciplinary works
                        on land surveys in 333.08
                           See also 526.9 for surveying techniques




                                                  57
333                               DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                     333
                                                                                                                   333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.2       *‡Ownership of land by nongovernmental groups
                     Including common lands; enclosure of common lands; open-field system;
                     ownership and control of land by peoples subordinate to another jurisdiction,
                     e.g., lands of American native peoples in United States
                          For corporate ownership, see 333.324                                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.3       *‡Private ownership of land
                     Including subdivision of private land
                     Class here comprehensive works on land ownership (land tenure)
                          For public ownership, see 333.1; for ownership by nongovernmental
                          groups, see 333.2; for absentee ownership, see 333.4                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




                                     SUMMARY
                [333.31              Land reform
                   [.32              Types of tenure
                   [.33              Transfer of possession and of right to use                                    333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.31         *‡Land reform
                          Class here land redistribution, settlement and resettlement of people on the
                          land
                             See also 333.2 for enclosure of common lands                                          333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.310 94–.310 99]       *‡Specific continents, countries, localities of modern world
                                    Do not use; class in 333.314–333.319                                           333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.314–.319      *‡Land reform in specific continents, countries, localities of modern
                        world
                             Add to base number 333.31 notation 4–9 from Table 2, e.g., land
                             reform in Latin America 333.318                                                       333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.32         *‡Types of tenure                                                                               333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.322           *‡Feudal tenure                                                                              333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.323           *‡Individual tenure
                                 For corporate ownership, see 333.324                                              333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.323 2              *‡Ownership in fee simple                                                               333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.323 4              *‡Qualified ownership
                                 Including easements, entails, life estates, time-sharing                          333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.324           *‡Corporate ownership




                                                    58
333                                          Economics                                              333
                                                                                                                    333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.33          *‡Transfer of possession and of right to use
                         Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                         Including consolidation of holdings
                         Class here comprehensive works on real estate business
                         Class land reform in 333.31
                             For government acquisition and disposal, see 333.1; for renting and
                             leasing, see 333.5; for real estate development, see 333.7315
                             See also 332.6324 for real estate investment; also 332.72 for real estate
                             finance                                                                                333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.332            *‡Value and price of land
                             Standard subdivisions are added for value and price together, for value
                             alone
                             Class here valuation (appraisal)
                             Class valuation for government acquisition and disposal in
                             333.11–333.16; class value and price of specific kinds of land in
                             333.335–333.339; class valuation for tax purposes in 352.44                            333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.332 2             *‡Real estate market
                                Class here economic and social factors affecting exchange of real
                                estate
                                Class price in 333.3323                                                             333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.332 3             *‡Price                                                                                   333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.332 302 1                   *‡Tabulated and related materials
                                          Do not use for statistics; class in 333.3323                              333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.333            *‡Sale and gift
                             Standard subdivisions are added for sale and gift together, for sale
                             alone
                             Class sale and gift of specific kinds of land in 333.335–333.339                       333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




>               [333.335–333.339*‡Transfer of possession and use of specific kinds of land
                      Except for modifications shown under specific entries, add to each subdivision
                      identified by * as follows:
                         [2     Value and price
                                   Standard subdivisions are added for value and price together, for
                                   value alone
                                   Class here valuation (appraisal)
                         [22       Real estate market
                                       Class here economic and social factors affecting exchange of
                                       real estate
                                       Class price in 23
                         [23       Price


                                                   59
 333                             DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                    333

                        [3     Sale and gift
                                  Standard subdivisions are added for sale and gift together, for
                                  sale alone
                        [5     Renting and leasing
                                  Standard subdivisions are added for renting and leasing together,
                                  for renting alone
                                  Add to 5 the numbers following 333.5 in 333.53–333.56, e.g.,
                                  share renting 563
                     Class comprehensive works in 333.33                                                           333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.335          **Rural lands
                             Class here agricultural lands                                                         333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.335 7           **Forest lands                                                                            333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.336          **Industrial lands
                             Including transportation space, e.g., right of way
                             Class works that emphasize buildings in 333.338                                       333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.337          **Urban lands
                             Residential and commercial lands
                             Class works that emphasize buildings in 333.338
                                For industrial lands, see 333.336                                                  333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.338          **Buildings and other fixtures
                             Including apartment houses, condominiums, mobile homes
                             Class here residential buildings
                                See also 643.12 for the homemakers approach to buying and selling
                                housing                                                                            333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.338 7           **Commercial and industrial buildings
                                Subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                        333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.339          *‡Other natural resources
                             Appraisal, gift, leasing, renting, sale, market
                             Including rights to use of minerals, water, air space                                 333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.4       *‡Absentee ownership                                                                              333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.5       *‡Renting and leasing land
                     Class renting and leasing specific kinds of land in 333.335–333.339
                        For renting and leasing public land, see 333.16; for renting and leasing
                        land owned by nongovernmental groups other than private corporations
                        and partnerships, see 333.2; for absentee ownership, see 333.4


*Add as instructed under 333.335–333.339
*Add as instructed under 333.335–333.339

                                                    60
333                                     Economics                                            333
                                                                                                             333 Economics
                                                                                             333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.53     *‡Tenancy
                    Including tenancy for years (for a specified time period), tenancy from year
                    to year, tenancy at will
                        For landlord-tenant relations, see 333.54                                            333 Economics
                                                                                             333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.54     *‡Landlord-tenant relations                                                                   333 Economics
                                                                                             333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.56     *‡Types of renting                                                                            333 Economics
                                                                                             333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.562      *‡Cash renting                                                                              333 Economics
                                                                                             333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.563      *‡Share renting
                        Class here percentage renting
                           For sharecropping, see 333.335563                                                 333 Economics
                                                                                             333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




>             [333.7–333.9*‡Natural resources and energy
                 Aspects other than ownership
                 Class here raw materials
                 Except for modifications shown under specific entries, add to each subdivision
                 identified by * as follows:
                    [01–09 Standard subdivisions
                    [1     General topics
                              Class comprehensive works on specific topics in 333.71
                    [101–109] Standard subdivisions
                                     Do not use; class in 01–09
                    [11       Reserves
                                 Variant names: stock, supply
                                 Including shortages
                    [12       Requirements
                                 Variant names: need, demand
                    [13       Consumption (Utilization)
                                 Class consumption control in 17
                                 Do not add for specific uses (e.g., water for irrigation); class
                                 with the subject in 333.7–333.9 without further subdivision
                                 Class interdisciplinary works on consumption in 339.47
                    [137         Abuse and wastage
                                     Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in
                                     heading
                                     Class here description of abused resources, consequences of
                                     abuse and wastage
                                     Class reclamation, rehabilitation, restoration of abused
                                     resources in 153; class prevention of abuse and wastage in
                                     16; class pollution in 363.73




                                              61
333                         DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      333

                   [14       Environmental impact studies
                                Class studies emphasizing abuse and wastage in 137. Class
                                impact on a specific environment or resource with the impact,
                                e.g., economic impact on Rome of a major new waste
                                treatment facility 330.945632, impact of the same treatment
                                plant on the waters of the Tiber River 333.916214094562;
                                class projected impacts with the program or development that
                                is being studied, e.g., projected impact of proposed standards
                                for water pollution 363.739462
                   >15–17    Management and control
                                Class here citizen participation, planning, policy
                                Class comprehensive works in 333.7–333.9 without adding
                                from this table
                   [15       Development
                   [152        Improvement
                   [153        Reclamation, rehabilitation, restoration
                                   Standard subdivisions are added for any or all topics in
                                   heading
                                   Class reclamation that is not restoration to a previous state in
                                   152
                   [158        Subsidies
                   [16       Conservation and protection
                                Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in
                                heading
                                Class control of usage in 17; class comprehensive works on
                                conservation and protection in 333.72
                   [17       Control of usage
                                Including allocation, price control, rationing, ways and means
                                of efficient use
                                Do not add for specific uses (e.g., water for irrigation); class
                                with the subject in 333.7–333.9 without further subdivision
                 Class ownership of land and other natural resources in 333.1–333.5; class
                 economic geology in 553; class comprehensive works on natural resources and
                 energy in 333.7
                    See Manual at 333.7–333.9 vs. 363.1, 363.73, 577; also at 333.7–333.9 vs.
                    363.6; also at 333.7–333.9 vs. 508, 913–919, 930–990                                      333 Economics
                                                                                              333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.7   *‡Land, recreational and wilderness areas, energy
                 Class here interdisciplinary works on the environment, on natural resources
                 Class environmentalism in 333.72
                    For ownership aspects of natural resources, see 333.1–333.5; for
                    subsurface resources, see 333.8; for natural resources other than land,
                    recreational and wilderness areas, energy, subsurface resources, see 333.9.
                    For noneconomic aspects of the environment, of natural resources, see the
                    aspect, e.g., environmental protection 363.7, conservation technology
                    639.9
                    See Manual at 363 vs. 302–307, 333.7, 570–590, 600




                                              62
333                                         Economics                                              333
                                                                                                                   333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




                                   SUMMARY
             [333.701–.71          Standard subdivisions and general topics of land, recreational and
                                      wilderness areas, energy
                [.72               Conservation and protection
                [.73               Land
                [.74               Grasslands
                [.75               Forest lands
                [.76               Rural lands
                [.77               Urban lands
                [.78               Recreational and wilderness areas
                [.79               Energy                                                                          333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.71      *‡General topics of land, recreational and wilderness areas, energy
                       Add to base number 333.71 the numbers following 1 in notation 11–17
                       from table under 333.7–333.9, e.g., development 333.715; however, for
                       conservation and protection, see 333.72                                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.72      *‡Conservation and protection
                       Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                       Class here environmentalism, comprehensive works on conservation and
                       protection of natural resources
                            For conservation and protection with respect to energy or a specific
                            type of natural resource, see the resource in 333.73–333.95, plus
                            notation 16 from table under 333.7–333.9, e.g., conservation of
                            wilderness areas 333.78216
                            See Manual at 333.72 vs. 304.28, 320.58, 363.7                                         333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.73      *‡Land
                       Aspects other than ownership
                       Including kinds of land by physical condition, e.g., mountainous land, sand
                       dunes
                       Class here river basins
                       Class ownership aspects of land in 333.1–333.5; class arid and semiarid
                       lands in 333.736
                            For kinds of land by use, see 333.74–333.78; for shorelands and
                            related areas, see 333.917; for wetlands and submerged lands, see
                            333.918
                            See Manual at 333.73–333.78 vs. 333, 333.1–333.5




                                                 63
 333                            DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                        333
                                                                                                                    333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.731         *‡General topics of land
                           Add to base number 333.731 the numbers following 1 in notation
                           11–17 from table under 333.7–333.9, e.g., real estate development
                           333.7315, comprehensive works on soil and water conservation
                           333.7316
                           Class soil and water conservation in rural lands in 333.7616; class real
                           estate development in urban lands in 333.7715; class zoning of urban
                           lands in 333.7717; class water conservation in 333.9116; class pollution
                           control in 363.73966; class comprehensive works on real estate
                           business in 333.33
                               For a specific type of natural areas established for conservation,
                               see the type, e.g., wilderness areas 333.782                                         333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.736         **Arid lands
                           Class here semiarid lands, desertification                                               333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




 >               [333.74–333.78*‡Kinds of land by use
                     Class comprehensive works in 333.73
                        See Manual at 333.73–333.78 vs. 333, 333.1–333.5                                            333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.74       **Grasslands
                        Class here grazing lands, pasture lands                                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.75       **Forest lands
                        Class here national forests; jungles, rain forests, woodlands; old-growth
                        forests
                        Class parks, recreational, wilderness areas in 333.78
                           See also 333.95397 for wood as a fuel                                                    333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.751 1           *‡Reserves
                               Number built according to instructions under 333.7–333.9
                               Class here forest reserves, timber reserves
                               Class supply of cut timber, comprehensive works on timber in
                               338.17498                                                                            333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.751 2           *‡Requirements
                               Number built according to instructions under 333.7–333.9
                               Class here requirements for timber discussed in terms of effect on
                               forest land and supply of uncut timber
                               Class requirements for timber discussed in terms of how much
                               timber will need to be cut to meet demand in 338.17498


*Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9
*Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9

                                                  64
 333                                           Economics                                             333
                                                                                                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.751 3              *‡Consumption (Utilization)
                                  Number built according to instructions under 333.7–333.9
                                  Class here consumption of forest products in terms of effect on
                                  future forest resources
                                  Class utilization of forests to provide products for sale in 338.17498             333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.751 5              *‡Development
                                  Number built according to instructions under 333.7–333.9
                                  Class here measures to promote growth of forests as long-term
                                  resources
                                  Class development of ways to exploit forest products in 338.17498                  333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.76       **Rural lands
                           Class here agricultural lands
                           Class rural lands of a specific physical condition not devoted to a specific
                           use in 333.73; class rural recreational lands in 333.78
                              For grasslands, see 333.74; for forest lands, see 333.75                               333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.765         **Mined lands
                              Class here surface-mined lands                                                         333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.77       **Urban lands
                           Including commercial, industrial, residential lands; streets
                           Class urban mined lands in 333.765; class urban recreational lands in
                           333.78                                                                                    333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.78       **Recreational and wilderness areas
                           Subdivisions are added for recreational and wilderness areas together, for
                           recreational areas alone
                           Class wildlife in 333.954; class wildlife refuges in 333.95416
                              See also 363.68 for park and recreation services                                       333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.782         **Wilderness areas
                                  For specific kinds of wilderness areas, see 333.784                                333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.783         **Parks                                                                                         333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.784         *‡Specific kinds of recreational and wilderness areas
                              Including forests, mountains                                                           333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.784 01–.784 09]       *‡Standard subdivisions
                                     Do not use; class in 333.7801–333.7809



*Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9

                                                     65
 333                                 DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      333
                                                                                                                       333 Economics
                                                                                                       333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




 >                [333.7844–333.7845*‡Recreational use of water
                       Class here recreational use of land adjoining water, e.g., beaches, shores
                       Class comprehensive works on recreational use of water in 333.7844; class
                       comprehensive works on uses of water and land adjoining it in 333.91                            333 Economics
                                                                                                       333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.784 4                **Recreational use of lakes
                                    Class here comprehensive works on recreational use of water
                                       For recreational use of rivers and streams, see 333.7845; for
                                       recreational use of reservoirs, see 333.7846                                    333 Economics
                                                                                                       333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.784 5                **Recreational use of rivers and streams
                                    Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading               333 Economics
                                                                                                       333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.784 6                **Recreational use of reservoirs
                                    Class comprehensive works on lakes and reservoirs in 333.7844                      333 Economics
                                                                                                       333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.79         *‡Energy
                             Class here power resources, production of energy, interdisciplinary works
                             on energy
                             Class electric power in 333.7932; class extraction of energy resources and
                             comprehensive works on the economics of mineral fuels in 338.2; class
                             comprehensive works on production economics of processing and
                             manufacturing fuels in 338.476626; class interdisciplinary works on
                             mineral fuels in 553
                                For a specific form of energy not provided for here, see the form, e.g.,
                                wind energy 333.92; for a specific energy resource not provided for
                                here, see the resource, e.g., fossil fuels 333.82; for a noneconomic
                                aspect of energy, see the aspect, e.g., technology of photovoltaic power
                                generation 621.31244                                                                   333 Economics
                                                                                                       333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




                                        SUMMARY
                  [333.792                 Primary forms of energy
                     [.793                 Secondary forms of energy
                     [.794                 Renewable energy resources
                     [.796                 Energy for specific uses                                                    333 Economics
                                                                                                       333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.791 37                  *‡Abuse and wastage
                                       Number built according to instructions under 333.7–333.9
                                       Class utilization of waste heat in 333.793




*Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9
‡Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9; except class utilization of waste heat in 333.793

                                                      66
 333                                        Economics                                             333
                                                                                                                  333 Economics
                                                                                                  333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.792         *†Primary forms of energy
                           Resources used directly to perform work, to produce other forms of
                           energy                                                                                 333 Economics
                                                                                                  333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.792 3           *†Solar energy
                               Including electricity derived from solar energy, e.g., with
                               photovoltaic cells
                               Class distribution of electricity derived from solar energy in
                               333.7932                                                                           333 Economics
                                                                                                  333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.792 31             *‡General topics of solar energy
                                  Add to base number 333.79231 the numbers following 1 in
                                  notation 11–17 from table under 333.7–333.9, e.g., development
                                  of solar energy and generation of other forms of energy from
                                  solar energy 333.792315                                                         333 Economics
                                                                                                  333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.792 33             *‡Financial aspects
                                  Including prices                                                                333 Economics
                                                                                                  333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.792 4           *†Nuclear energy
                               Class here electricity derived from nuclear energy
                               Class distribution of electricity derived from nuclear energy in
                               333.7932; class nuclear fuels in 333.85                                            333 Economics
                                                                                                  333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.792 43             *‡Financial aspects
                                  Including prices                                                                333 Economics
                                                                                                  333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.793         *†Secondary forms of energy
                           Energy produced through use of other resources
                           Including cogeneration of electric power and heat, district heating,
                           waste heat
                           Class economics of synthetic fuel production in 338.4766266
                               For secondary forms of energy derived from a specific resource, see
                               the resource, e.g., electricity derived from nuclear energy 333.7924




†Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9, except use 15 for both development and generation of
 energy
†Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9; except use 15 for both development and generation of
 energy
†Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9, except use 15 for both development and generation of
 energy

                                                  67
 333                             DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                         333
                                                                                                                      333 Economics
                                                                                                      333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.793 2             *†Electrical energy
                                Including distribution of electrical energy regardless of resource
                                from which the electricity was derived, rural electrification
                                Class here electricity derived from fossil fuels, electrical utilities,
                                comprehensive works on electrical energy
                                    For electricity derived from a specific resource other than fossil
                                    fuels, see the resource, e.g., electricity derived from water
                                    333.914                                                                           333 Economics
                                                                                                      333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.793 23               *‡Financial aspects                                                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                      333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.793 231                 *‡Prices                                                                             333 Economics
                                                                                                      333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.793 8             *†Energy from waste materials
                                Class distribution of electricity derived from waste materials in
                                333.7932; class production economics of making fuel from waste
                                materials in 338.4766287; class chemical technology of energy
                                from waste materials in 662.87
                                    For energy from biological wastes, see 333.9539                                   333 Economics
                                                                                                      333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.794         *†Renewable energy resources
                             Class here alternative energy resources
                             Class distribution of electricity derived from renewable energy
                             resources in 333.7932
                                For a specific renewable or alternative energy resource, see the
                                resource, e.g., solar energy 333.7923                                                 333 Economics
                                                                                                      333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.796         *‡Energy for specific uses
                             Including energy for military use
                             Unless other instructions are given, class a subject with aspects in two
                             or more subdivisions of 333.796 in the number coming last, e.g., energy
                             use in school buildings 333.7964 (not 333.7962)
                             Class a specific kind of energy for specific uses with the kind of
                             energy, e.g., energy from petroleum for transportation use 333.8232
                             (not 333.7968)                                                                           333 Economics
                                                                                                      333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.796 01–.796 09]      *‡Standard subdivisions
                                    Do not use; class in 333.7901–333.7909                                            333 Economics
                                                                                                      333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.796 2             **Energy for use in buildings
                                Including use in construction
                                    See also 624 for technical aspects of energy use in construction                  333 Economics
                                                                                                      333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.796 3             **Energy for residential use

†Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9, except use 15 for both development and generation of
 energy
*Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9

                                                    68
 333                                         Economics                                           333
                                                                                                                 333 Economics
                                                                                                 333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.796 4            **Energy for social service institutions
                                Including churches, hospitals, prisons, schools                                  333 Economics
                                                                                                 333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.796 5            **Energy for industrial use
                                Class here manufacturing use
                                Class energy use in construction of buildings in 333.7962
                                     For food processing use, see 333.7966                                       333 Economics
                                                                                                 333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.796 6            **Energy for use in agriculture and food processing                                    333 Economics
                                                                                                 333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.796 8            **Energy for use in transportation and commerce
                                Subdivisions are added for transportation and commerce together,
                                for transportation alone                                                         333 Economics
                                                                                                 333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.796 89               **Energy for commercial use                                                        333 Economics
                                                                                                 333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.8        *‡Subsurface resources
                      Class here strategic materials
                      Class mined lands, including surface-mined lands, in 333.765; class extraction
                      of subsurface resources and comprehensive works on the economics of
                      subsurface resources in 338.2; class interdisciplinary works on subsurface
                      resources in 553
                         For ownership aspects of subsurface resources, see 333.1–333.5; for
                         groundwater, see 333.9104                                                               333 Economics
                                                                                                 333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.81         *‡General topics of subsurface resources
                         Add to base number 333.81 the numbers following 1 in notation 11–17
                         from table under 333.7–333.9, e.g., reserves in storage of subsurface
                         resources 333.811; however, for development, see 338.2                                  333 Economics
                                                                                                 333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.82         *‡Fossil fuels
                         Class here nonrenewable fuels
                         Class electricity derived from fossil fuels in 333.7932
                             For nuclear fuels, see 333.85493                                                    333 Economics
                                                                                                 333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.821           *‡General topics of fossil fuels
                             Add to base number 333.821 the numbers following 1 in notation
                             11–17 from table under 333.7–333.9, e.g., reserves in storage of fossil
                             fuels 333.8211; however, for development, see 338.272; for reserves in
                             nature, see 553.2                                                                   333 Economics
                                                                                                 333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.822           *‡Coal




*Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9

                                                   69
333                              DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                       333
                                                                                                                    333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.822 1            *‡General topics of coal
                                 Add to base number 333.8221 the numbers following 1 in notation
                                 11–17 from table under 333.7–333.9, e.g., reserves in storage of
                                 coal 333.82211; however, for development, see 338.2724; for
                                 reserves in nature, see 553.24                                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.823          *‡Oil and natural gas                                                                          333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.823 1            *‡General topics of oil and natural gas
                                 Add to base number 333.8231 the numbers following 1 in notation
                                 11–17 from table under 333.7–333.9, e.g., reserves in storage of oil
                                 and natural gas 333.82311; however, for development, see
                                 338.2728; for reserves in nature, see 553.28                                       333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.823 2            *‡Oil
                                 Petroleum in its narrow sense                                                      333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.823 21              *‡General topics of oil
                                    Add to base number 333.82321 the numbers following 1 in
                                    notation 11–17 from table under 333.7–333.9, e.g., reserves in
                                    storage of oil 333.823211; however, for development, see
                                    338.27282; for reserves in nature, see 553.282                                  333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.823 3            *‡Natural gas
                                    See also 363.63 for gas distribution services of public utilities               333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.823 31              *‡General topics of natural gas
                                    Add to base number 333.82331 the numbers following 1 in
                                    notation 11–17 from table under 333.7–333.9, e.g., reserves in
                                    storage of natural gas 333.823311; however, for development,
                                    see 338.27285; for reserves in nature, see 553.285                              333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.85         *‡Minerals
                       Class comprehensive works on the economics of minerals in 338.2; class
                       interdisciplinary works on nonmetallic minerals in 553; class
                       interdisciplinary works on metals in 669                                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.851          *‡General topics of minerals
                           Add to base number 333.851 the numbers following 1 in notation
                           11–17 from table under 333.7–333.9, e.g., reserves in storage of
                           minerals 333.8511; however, for development, see 338.2; for reserves
                           in nature, see 553                                                                       333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.852–.859     *‡Specific minerals
                           Add to base number 333.85 the numbers following 553 in 553.2–553.9,
                           e.g., tin 333.85453, uranium 333.854932; however, for fossil fuels, see
                           333.82; for groundwater, see 333.9104
                           Class nuclear energy in 333.7924




                                                   70
 333                                           Economics                                             333
                                                                                                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.88         **Geothermal energy
                           Class here electricity derived from geothermal energy, thermal waters
                           Class distribution of electricity derived from geothermal energy in
                           333.7932                                                                                  333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.9       *‡Other natural resources
                           For ownership aspects of other natural resources, see 333.1–333.5                         333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




                                      SUMMARY
                 [333.91              Water and lands adjoining bodies of water
                    [.92              Air
                    [.94              Space
                    [.95              Biological resources                                                           333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.91         *‡Water and lands adjoining bodies of water
                           Standard subdivisions are added for water and lands adjoining bodies of
                           water together, for water alone
                           Class here aquatic resources, comprehensive works on the economics of
                           aquatic resources
                           Class interdisciplinary works on water in 553.7
                              For a specific aquatic resource, see the resource, e.g., minerals 333.85,
                              fishes 333.956; for a specific aspect of water not provided for here, see
                              the aspect, e.g., recreational use of water and lands adjoining bodies of
                              water 333.7844–333.7845, regulation and control of distribution of
                              water to consumers 363.61
                              See Manual at 363.61                                                                   333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.910 01–.910 09        *‡Standard subdivisions                                                               333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.910 4              *†Groundwater (Subsurface water)
                                     For subsurface thermal waters, see 333.88                                       333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.911           *‡General topics of water
                              Class water for specific uses in 333.912–333.915; class comprehensive
                              works on soil and water conservation in 333.7316. Class general topics
                              of a specific kind of water with the kind, e.g., general topics of rivers
                              and streams 333.9162                                                                   333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.911 01–.911 09]       *‡Standard subdivisions
                                     Do not use; class in 333.91001–333.91009




*Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9
†Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9, except use 11 only for reserves in storage; class reserves in
 nature in 553.7

                                                    71
 333                               DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      333
                                                                                                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.911 1–.911 7       *‡Subdivisions for topics of water
                                  Add to base number 333.911 the numbers following 1 in notation
                                  11–17 from table under 333.7–333.9, e.g., reserves in storage, as in
                                  reservoirs and storage tanks 333.9111; however, for water pollution,
                                  see 363.7394; for reserves in nature, see 553.7                                    333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




 >                [333.912–333.915*‡Water for specific uses
                        Class comprehensive works in 333.91
                           For recreational use, see 333.7844                                                        333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.912            *†Water for domestic and industrial uses                                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.912 2              *†Water for domestic use
                                  Including drinking and washing                                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.912 3              *†Water for industrial use
                                  Class water for generation of energy in 333.914; class water for
                                  transportation in 333.915                                                          333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.913            *†Water for irrigation                                                                       333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.914            **Water for generation of energy
                               Including thermal ocean power conversion
                               Class here hydroelectricity                                                           333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.914 11                 *‡Reserves
                                      Number built according to instructions under 333.7–333.9
                                      Class here energy-producing potential of water                                 333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.914 15                 *‡Development
                                      Number built according to instructions under 333.7–333.9
                                      Class here development and generation of energy                                333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.915            *†Water for transportation                                                                   333 Economics
                                                                                                     333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




 >                [333.916–333.918*‡Specific bodies of water, shorelands, wetlands and
                   related areas
                        Class specific uses of water, shorelands, wetlands, and related areas in
                        333.912–333.915; class comprehensive works in 333.91




†Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9, except use 11 only for reserves in storage; class reserves in
 nature in 553.7
*Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9

                                                     72
 333                                         Economics                                            333
                                                                                                                  333 Economics
                                                                                                  333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.916          *‡Specific bodies of water
                            Class specific uses of specific bodies of water in 333.912–333.915;
                            class lands adjoining specific bodies of water in 333.917; class
                            wetlands and submerged lands related to specific bodies of water in
                            333.918                                                                               333 Economics
                                                                                                  333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.916 2            *†Rivers and streams
                                Subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                                Class river basins in 333.73                                                      333 Economics
                                                                                                  333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.916 3            *†Lakes and ponds
                                Subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                                   For saltwater lakes, see 333.9164                                              333 Economics
                                                                                                  333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.916 4            *‡Oceans and seas
                                Including bays, estuaries, gulfs, salt lakes
                                Subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                       333 Economics
                                                                                                  333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.917          **Lands adjoining bodies of water
                            Including beaches, floodplains, tidelands in the sense of lands that are
                            overflowed by the tide but exposed by low water
                            Class here coasts, seashores, shorelands
                            Class river basins in 333.73; class comprehensive works on tidelands in
                            333.918
                                For wetlands and submerged lands, see 333.918                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                  333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.918          **Wetlands and submerged lands
                            Including continental shelves, tidelands in the sense of lands underlying
                            the ocean beyond the low tidemark but within a nation’s territorial
                            waters, comprehensive works on tidelands
                            Subdivisions are added for wetlands and submerged lands together, for
                            wetlands alone
                            Class recreational use in 333.784
                                For tidelands in the sense of lands that are overflowed by the tide
                                but exposed by low water, see 333.917
                                See also 333.916 for works focusing on bodies of water rather than
                                the land they submerge




†Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9, except use 11 only for reserves in storage; class reserves in
 nature in 553.7
‡Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9; except class reserves in 551.46
*Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9

                                                   73
 333                                 DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      333
                                                                                                                          333 Economics
                                                                                                          333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.92         **Air
                             Class here wind energy, use of wind for generation of electricity
                             Class distribution of wind-generated electricity in 333.7932                                 333 Economics
                                                                                                          333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.94         *‡Space
                             Class industrialization of space in 338.0919                                                 333 Economics
                                                                                                          333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.95         **Biological resources
                             Class here biodiversity, biosphere
                             Unless other instructions are given, class a subject with aspects in two or
                             more subdivisions of 333.95 in the number coming last, e.g., game birds
                             333.95829 (not 333.9549)                                                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                          333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




                                        SUMMARY
                  [333.952                 Specific kinds of biological resources
                     [.953                 Plants and microorganisms
                     [.954                 Animals
                     [.955                 Invertebrates
                     [.956                 Fishes
                     [.957                 Reptiles and amphibians
                     [.958                 Birds
                     [.959                 Specific kinds of mammals                                                      333 Economics
                                                                                                          333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.952            *‡Specific kinds of biological resources
                                Not limited by kind of organisms
                                    For genetic and germ plasm resources, see 333.9534; for biomass
                                    energy, see 333.9539                                                                  333 Economics
                                                                                                          333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.952 01–.952 09]         *‡Standard subdivisions
                                       Do not use; class in 333.9501–333.9509                                             333 Economics
                                                                                                          333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.952 2                **Rare and endangered species
                                    Class here extinction, threatened species, vanishing species
                                    Subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                           333 Economics
                                                                                                          333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.952 3                **Nonnative species
                                    Class here alien, exotic, introduced, invasive, naturalized species                   333 Economics
                                                                                                          333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.952 8                **Aquatic biological resources
                                    Class here freshwater biological resources
                                        For marine biological resources, see 333.956                                      333 Economics
                                                                                                          333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.952 88                  **Wetland biological resources




*Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9

                                                       74
 333                                        Economics                                               333
                                                                                                                    333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.953         **Plants and microorganisms
                           Subdivisions are added for plants and microorganisms together, for
                           plants alone
                               For forests, comprehensive works on timber resources, see 333.75
                               See also 333.82 for peat                                                             333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.953 2           **Rare and endangered plants
                               Class here threatened, vanishing plants
                               Subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                          333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.953 3           **Nonnative and native plants
                               Standard subdivisions are added for nonnative and native plants
                               together, for nonnative plants alone
                               Class here alien, exotic, introduced, invasive, naturalized plants
                               Class rare and endangered nonnative and native plants in 333.9532                    333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.953 4           **Germ plasm resources
                               Class here plant varieties; interdisciplinary works on genetic
                               resources, on germ plasm
                                  For animal genetic resources, germ plasm, see 333.954; for
                                  germ plasm, plant varieties in agriculture, see 631.523                           333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.953 8           **Seaweeds
                               Class here algae, kelp                                                               333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.953 9           *†Plants as sources of energy
                               Class here interdisciplinary works on biomass energy
                                  For animal biomass as an energy resource, see 333.954; for
                                  production economics of making biomass fuel, see 338.4766288;
                                  for biomass fuel engineering, see 662.88                                          333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.953 97             **Fuelwood                                                                              333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.954         **Animals
                           Including biomass energy, genetic resources, germ plasm
                           Class here wildlife; comprehensive works on mammals, on vertebrates
                               For invertebrates, see 333.955; for fishes, see 333.956; for reptiles
                               and amphibians, see 333.957; for birds, see 333.958; for specific
                               kinds of mammals, see 333.959




*Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9
†Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9; except use 15 for both development and generation of
 energy

                                                 75
 333                            DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                       333
                                                                                                                   333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.954 11              *‡Reserves
                                  Number built according to instructions under 333.7–333.9
                                  Class here supply of uncaught animals in nature, statistics of
                                  catches used in estimating population of animals in nature
                                  Class catches from fishing, whaling, hunting, trapping industries
                                  in 338.372                                                                       333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.954 15              *‡Development
                                  Number built according to instructions under 333.7–333.9
                                  Class here measures to increase supply of animals in nature                      333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.954 2            **Rare and endangered animals
                               Class here threatened, vanishing animals
                               Subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                         333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.954 3            **Nonnative animals
                               Class here alien, exotic, introduced, invasive, naturalized animals                 333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.954 8            **Aquatic animals
                                   For marine animals, see 333.956                                                 333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.954 88              **Wetland animals                                                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.954 9            **Game animals
                               Class economics of hunting in 338.3729
                                   For big game animals, see 333.9596                                              333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




 >                [333.955–333.959*‡Specific taxonomic groups of animals
                      Class comprehensive works in 333.954
                         See Manual at 333.955–333.959 vs. 639.97                                                  333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.955          **Invertebrates
                            Class here marine invertebrates, shellfish                                             333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




 >                [333.9553–333.9555*‡Marine invertebrates
                      Class comprehensive works in 333.955                                                         333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.955 3            **Coral reefs




*Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9
*Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9

                                                  76
 333                                           Economics                                            333
                                                                                                                    333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




 >               [333.9554–333.9555*‡Shellfish
                        Class comprehensive works in 333.955                                                        333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.955 4              **Mollusks
                                   Class here Bivalvia
                                   Class comprehensive works on shellfish in 333.955                                333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.955 41–.955 48        *‡Specific kinds of mollusks
                                      Add to base number 333.9554 the numbers following 639.4 in
                                      639.41–639.48, e.g., scallops 333.95546; then add further as
                                      instructed under 333.7–333.9 (not as instructed under 592–599),
                                      e.g., supply of scallops 333.9554611                                          333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.955 5              **Crustaceans
                                   Class here Decapoda                                                              333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.955 54–.955 58        *‡Specific kinds of crustaceans
                                      Add to base number 333.9555 the numbers following 595.38 in
                                      595.384–595.388, e.g., lobsters 333.95554; then add further as
                                      instructed under 333.7–333.9 (not as instructed under 592–599),
                                      e.g., consumption of lobsters 333.9555413                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.955 7              **Insects                                                                               333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.956            **Fishes
                              Class here marine biological resources, comprehensive works on finfish
                              and shellfish
                                   For shellfish, see 333.955. For a specific kind of marine biological
                                   resource not provided for below, see the kind, e.g., marine algae
                                   333.9538, marine mammals 333.9595                                                333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.956 2–.956 7       *‡Specific kinds of fishes
                                   Add to base number 333.956 the numbers following 597 in
                                   597.2–597.7, e.g., salmon 333.95656; then add further as instructed
                                   under 333.7–333.9 (not as instructed under 592–599), e.g.,
                                   restoration of salmon fisheries 333.95656153                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.956 8              **Rare and endangered fishes
                                   Subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                                   Class specific kinds of rare and endangered fishes in
                                   333.9562–333.9567                                                                333 Economics
                                                                                                    333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.956 9              **Game fishes
                                   Class specific kinds of game fishes in 333.9562–333.9567; class
                                   game fishes in the sense of salmon, trout, graylings in 333.95655;
                                   class economics of fishing in 338.3727


*Add as instructed under 333.7–333.9

                                                     77
333                              DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      333
                                                                                                                   333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.957            **Reptiles and amphibians
                            Subdivisions are added for reptiles and amphibians together, for reptiles
                            alone                                                                                  333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.957 2             **Rare and endangered reptiles and amphibians
                                 Subdivisions are added for all topics in heading together, for rare
                                 reptiles alone, for endangered reptiles alone                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.957 8–.957 9      *‡Amphibians, specific reptiles
                                 Add to base number 333.957 the numbers following 597 in
                                 597.8–597.9, e.g., sea turtles 333.957928; then add further as
                                 instructed under 333.7–333.9 (not as instructed under 592–599),
                                 e.g., protection of sea turtles 333.95792816; however, for
                                 comprehensive works on reptiles, on reptiles and amphibians, see
                                 333.957                                                                           333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.958            **Birds                                                                                     333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.958 2             *‡Specific nontaxonomic kinds of birds                                                   333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.958 201–.958 209]        *‡Standard subdivisions
                                       Do not use; class in 333.9501–333.9509                                      333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.958 22               **Rare and endangered birds
                                    Class here threatened, vanishing birds
                                    Subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                    333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.958 28               **Aquatic birds
                                    Class here water birds
                                    Class waterfowl in 333.95841                                                   333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.958 287                  **Sea birds                                                                       333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.958 29               **Game birds
                                    Class lowland game birds in 333.95841; class upland game birds
                                    in 333.9586                                                                    333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.958 3–.958 9      *‡Specific kinds of birds
                                 Add to base number 333.958 the numbers following 598 in
                                 598.3–598.9, e.g., wild turkeys 333.958645; then add further as
                                 instructed under 333.7–333.9 (not as instructed under 592–599),
                                 e.g., demand for wild turkeys 333.95864513                                        333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.959            *‡Specific kinds of mammals
                            Class comprehensive works in 333.954                                                   333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




      [.959 01–.959 09]      *‡Standard subdivisions
                                    Do not use; class in 333.95401–333.95409




                                                   78
333                                            Economics                                           333
                                                                                                                   333 Economics
                                                                                                   333 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 333




       [.959 2–.959 8       *‡Subdivisions for specific kinds of mammals
                                  Add to base number 333.959 the numbers following 599 in
                                  599.2–599.8, e.g., marine mammals, whales 333.9595, big game
                                  animals, ungulates 333.9596, carnivores, fur-bearing animals
                                  333.9597; then add further as instructed under 333.7–333.9 (not as
                                  instructed under 592–599), e.g., supply of big game 333.959611                   334 Economics
                                                                                                   334 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 334




[334         *‡Cooperatives                                                                                        334 Economics
                                                                                                   334 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 334




      [.1      *‡Housing cooperatives
                        Class here building cooperatives
                        Class cooperative building associations that are also cooperative savings and
                        loan associations in 334.2                                                                 334 Economics
                                                                                                   334 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 334




      [.2      *‡Banking and credit cooperatives
                        Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                       334 Economics
                                                                                                   334 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 334




      [.22        *‡Credit unions
                           Class comprehensive works on thrift institutions in 332.32                              334 Economics
                                                                                                   334 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 334




      [.5      *‡Consumer cooperatives
                        Class consumer housing cooperatives in 334.1; class comprehensive works on
                        cooperative marketing in 334.681381                                                        334 Economics
                                                                                                   334 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 334




      [.506 88]                 *‡Management of distribution (Marketing)
                                     Do not use; class in 658.8707                                                 334 Economics
                                                                                                   334 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 334




      [.6      *‡Producers’ cooperatives
                        Class here marketing, production cooperatives
                           For consumer cooperatives, see 334.5                                                    334 Economics
                                                                                                   334 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 334




      [.68        *‡Producers’ cooperatives by industry                                                            334 Economics
                                                                                                   334 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 334




      [.681             *‡Producers’ cooperatives in industries other than extractive,
                          manufacturing, construction
                               Class here service industries                                                       334 Economics
                                                                                                   334 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 334




      [.681 000 1–.681 000 9          *‡Standard subdivisions                                                      334 Economics
                                                                                                   334 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 334




      [.681 001–.681 999           *‡Subdivisions for producer’s cooperatives in industries other than
                                     extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                         Add to base number 334.681 notation 001–999 (but not
                                         381–382), e.g., cooperative legal services 334.68134;
                                         however, for banking and credit cooperatives, see 334.2




                                                     79
334                           DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      334
                                                                                                                334 Economics
                                                                                                334 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 334




      [.682–.688    *‡Producers’ cooperatives in extractive, manufacturing, construction
                      industries
                          Class here cooperative marketing by producers in extractive,
                          manufacturing, construction industries
                          Add to base number 334.68 the numbers following 6 in 620–680, e.g.,
                          agricultural cooperatives 334.683; however, for kibbutzim and
                          moshavim, see 307.776; for Communist collective farms, see 338.763
                              For building cooperatives, see 334.1                                              334 Economics
                                                                                                334 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 334




      [.7     *‡Benefit societies
                   Class here benevolent, friendly, fraternal benefit, mutual aid, provident
                   societies
                   Class benefit societies in the sense of savings and loan associations in 332.32;
                   class insurance functions of friendly societies in 368.3                                     335 Economics
                                                                                                335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




[335        *‡Socialism and related systems
                Standard subdivisions are added for socialism and related systems together, for
                socialism alone
                Class here schools of thought featuring planned economies, state socialism,
                interdisciplinary works on socialism and related systems
                Class socialism in the sense of communism in 335.43; class comparisons of
                Communism (Marxism-Leninism) with other systems in 335.437; class socialism
                in the sense of democratic socialism in 335.5
                   For socialism as a political ideology, see 320.53; for socialist and communist
                   political parties, see 324.217. For a specific topic of economics treated from a
                   socialist or communist point of view, see the topic in economics, e.g., interest
                   332.8
                   See Manual at 335 vs. 306.345, 320.53
                (Option: Class in 330.159)                                                                      335 Economics
                                                                                                335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




                                 SUMMARY
              [335.001–.009          Standard subdivisions
                 [.02             Utopian systems and schools
                 [.1           Systems of English origin
                 [.2           Systems of French origin
                 [.3           Systems of American origin
                 [.4           Marxian systems
                 [.5           Democratic socialism
                 [.6           Fascism
                 [.7           Christian socialism
                 [.8           Other systems                                                                    335 Economics
                                                                                                335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.001–.009    *‡Standard subdivisions




                                                80
335                                          Economics                                           335
                                                                                                                 335 Economics
                                                                                                 335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.02          *‡Utopian systems and schools
                         Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                            For specific utopian systems, see 335.1–335.3
                            See also 301 for ideal societies; also 321.07 for ideal states                       335 Economics
                                                                                                 335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




>                  [335.1–335.3*‡Non-Marxian and quasi-Marxian socialism
                      Class comprehensive works in 335
                         For national socialism, see 335.6; for Christian socialism, see 335.7
                         See also 307.77 for voluntary socialist communities                                     335 Economics
                                                                                                 335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.1        *‡Systems of English origin                                                                     335 Economics
                                                                                                 335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.12          *‡Utopian socialism
                         Including Owenism                                                                       335 Economics
                                                                                                 335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.14          *‡Fabian socialism                                                                           335 Economics
                                                                                                 335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.15          *‡Guild socialism                                                                            335 Economics
                                                                                                 335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.2        *‡Systems of French origin
                      Including Babouvism, Icarianism                                                            335 Economics
                                                                                                 335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.22          *‡Saint-Simonism                                                                             335 Economics
                                                                                                 335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.23          *‡Fourierism (Phalansterianism)                                                              335 Economics
                                                                                                 335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.3        *‡Systems of American origin                                                                    335 Economics
                                                                                                 335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.4        *‡Marxian systems
                      Class here Marxism
                         For democratic Marxian systems, see 335.5                                               335 Economics
                                                                                                 335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.401           *‡Philosophy
                            Do not use for philosophic foundations; class in 335.411. Do not use
                            for comprehensive works on theory of Marxian systems; class in 335.4                 335 Economics
                                                                                                 335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.409 034]                 *‡19th century, 1800–1899
                                       Do not use; class in 335.42                                               335 Economics
                                                                                                 335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.409 04               *‡20th century, 1900–1999                                                           335 Economics
                                                                                                 335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.409 041                  *‡1917–1919
                                       Do not use for 1900–1917; class in 335.423                                335 Economics
                                                                                                 335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.41          *‡Philosophic foundations, economic concepts, aims
                         Including social ownership of means of production



                                                  81
335                             DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      335
                                                                                                                  335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.411         *‡Philosophic foundations
                            Including theory of class struggle
                               For the philosophic foundations of Marxian economics, see 335.412                  335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.411 2           *‡Dialectical materialism
                               Class comprehensive works on dialectical materialism in 146.32                     335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.411 9           *‡Historical materialism                                                                  335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.412         *‡Economic concepts
                            Including labor theory of value                                                       335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.42       *‡Marxian systems, 1848–1917                                                                     335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.422         *‡Early Communism, 1848–1875
                            Period of Communist manifesto                                                         335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.423         *‡Scientific socialism, 1875–1917
                            Class scientific socialism of Lenin (Marxism-Leninism) in 335.43
                               For democratic socialism, see 335.5                                                335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.43       *‡Communism (Marxism-Leninism)
                       Class here former Soviet communism, democratic centralism
                            For communism as a political ideology, see 320.532                                    335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.430 9           *‡History, geographic treatment, biography
                               Do not use for national variants as schools of thought; class in
                               335.434                                                                            335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.433         *‡Trotskyist doctrines                                                                        335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.434         *‡National variants as schools of thought
                            Use 335.4309 for communism in specific nations viewed as actual
                            economic systems rather than schools of thought, e.g., Cuban
                            communism as an existing system 335.43097291 (not 335.4347)
                            Soviet communism as a school of thought is classed in 335.43, as the
                            economic system of the former Soviet Union in 335.430947                              335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.434 094–.434 099]       *‡Specific continents, countries, localities in modern world
                                      Do not use; class in 335.434                                                335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.434 4           *‡Communism of Yugoslavia (1918–1991)
                               Class here Titoism                                                                 335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.434 5           *‡Chinese communism
                               Class here Maoism
                               Class comprehensive works on Asian national variants of
                               communism in 335.4346

                                                  82
335                                          Economics                                            335
                                                                                                                  335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




       [.434 6            *‡Asian national variants
                                Including North Korean, Vietnamese communism
                                    For Chinese communism, see 335.4345                                           335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




       [.434 7            *‡Cuban communism (Castroism)
                                Including ideas of Che Guevara                                                    335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.437           *‡Comparative studies
                             Comparison of communism with capitalism, cooperation, democratic
                             socialism, other forms of collectivism                                               335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.5        *‡Democratic socialism
                      Marxian and non-Marxian socialism
                         For Fabian socialism, see 335.14; for Christian socialism, see 335.7
                         See also 307.77 for voluntary socialist communities                                      335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.6        *‡Fascism
                      Class here falangism, national socialism, Neo-Nazism
                         For fascism as a political ideology, see 320.533                                         335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.7        *‡Christian socialism
                         For Christian socialism as a political ideology, see 320.5312                            335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.8        *‡Other systems                                                                                  335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.82         *‡Syndicalism
                         Class here anarcho-syndicalism                                                           335 Economics
                                                                                                  335 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 335




      [.83         *‡Anarchism
                             For anarchism as a political ideology, see 320.57; for
                             anarcho-syndicalism, see 335.82
                             See also 307.77 for voluntary anarchist communities                                  336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




[336         *‡Public finance
                   Class here intergovernmental fiscal relations, comprehensive works on public
                   finance and financial administration of governments
                      For public financial administration and budgets, see 352.4
                      See Manual at 332, 336 vs. 339




                                                  83
336                                  DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                       336
                                                                                                                        336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




                                        SUMMARY
                 [336.001–.008             Standard subdivisions
                    [.01–.09           [Public finance by governmental level; revenue; history, geographic
                                           treatment, biography; associations of sovereign states]
                    [.1              Nontax revenues
                    [.2              Taxes
                    [.3              Public debt and expenditures
                    [.4–.9           Public finance of specific continents, countries, localities in modern
                                       world                                                                            336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.001–.005        *‡Standard subdivisions                                                                         336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.006             *‡Organizations                                                                                 336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.006 01                    *‡International organizations
                                        Class associations of sovereign states in 336.0916                              336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.007–.008        *‡Standard subdivisions                                                                         336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.009]            *‡History, geographic treatment, biography
                                Do not use for treatment by governmental level; class in 336.01. Do not
                                use for history and biography, for treatment by areas, regions, places in
                                general, for ancient world; class in 336.09                                             336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.009 4–.009 9]         *‡Continents, countries, localities in modern world
                                    Do not use; class in 336.4–336.9                                                    336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.01         *‡Public finance by governmental level
                             Class here public finance in three or more jurisdictions at a specific level
                             Class public finance at a specific level in one or two specific jurisdictions
                             in ancient world in 336.093; class public finance at a specific level in one
                             or two specific jurisdictions in modern world in 336.4–336.9                               336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.012             *‡Public finance at national level                                                              336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.012 091]                     *‡Areas, regions, places in general
                                           Do not use; class in 336.0121                                                336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.012 093–.012 099]            *‡Specific continents, countries
                                           Do not use for specific continents; class in
                                           336.0123–336.0129. Do not use for specific countries in
                                           ancient world; class in 336.093. Do not use for specific
                                           countries in modern world; class in 336.4–336.9                              336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.012 1                 *‡Public finance at national level in areas, regions, places in general
                                    Add to base number 336.0121 the numbers following —1 in
                                    notation 11–19 from Table 2, e.g., national public finance in
                                    developing countries 336.0121724




                                                       84
336                                          Economics                                             336
                                                                                                                   336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.012 3–.012 9      *‡Public finance at national level in specific continents
                                Add to base number 336.012 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                                national public finance in Europe 336.0124
                                Class public finance at national level in specific nations in ancient
                                world in 336.093; class public finance at national level in specific
                                nations in modern world in 336.4–336.9                                             336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.013            *‡Public finance at state and provincial level                                              336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.013 091]                 *‡Areas, regions, places in general
                                      Do not use; class in 336.0131                                                336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.013 093–.013 099]        *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                      Do not use for specific continents, countries; class in
                                      336.0133–336.0139. Do not use for specific states and
                                      provinces in ancient world; class in 336.093. Do not use for
                                      specific states and provinces in modern world; class in
                                      336.4–336.9                                                                  336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.013 1             *‡Public finance at state and provincial level in areas, regions, places in
                            general
                                Add to base number 336.0131 the numbers following —1 in
                                notation 11–19 from Table 2, e.g., state and provincial public
                                finance in developing countries 336.0131724                                        336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.013 3–.013 9      *‡Public finance at state and provincial level in specific continents,
                            countries
                                Add to base number 336.013 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                                provincial public finance in Canada 336.01371
                                Class public finance at state and provincial level in specific states
                                and provinces in ancient world in 336.093; class public finance at
                                state and provincial level in specific states and provinces in modern
                                world in 336.4–336.9                                                               336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.014            *‡Public finance at local level                                                             336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.014 091]                 *‡Areas, regions, places in general
                                      Do not use; class in 336.0141                                                336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.014 093–.014 099]        *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                      Do not use for specific continents, countries, states and
                                      provinces; class in 336.0143–336.0149. Do not use for
                                      specific localities in ancient world; class in 336.093. Do not
                                      use for specific localities in modern world; class in
                                      336.4–336.9                                                                  336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.014 1             *‡Public finance at local level in areas, regions, places in general
                                Add to base number 336.0141 the numbers following —1 in
                                notation 11–19 from Table 2, e.g., local public finance in
                                developing countries 336.0141724



                                                  85
336                              DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                           336
                                                                                                                        336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.014 3–.014 9      *‡Public finance at local level in specific continents, countries, states and
                            provinces
                                Add to base number 336.014 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g., local
                                public finance in Pennsylvania 336.014748
                                Class public finance at local level in specific localities in ancient
                                world in 336.093; class public finance at local level in specific
                                localities in modern world in 336.4–336.9                                               336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.02         *‡Revenue
                             For specific forms of revenue, see 336.1–336.2                                             336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.020 91]              *‡Areas, regions, places in general
                                   Do not use; class in 336.021                                                         336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.020 93–.020 99]      *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                   Do not use; class in 336.023–336.029                                                 336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.021            *‡Revenue in areas, regions, places in general
                             Add to base number 336.021 the numbers following —1 in notation
                             11–19 from Table 2, e.g., revenue in developing countries 336.021724                       336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.023–.029       *‡Revenue in specific continents, countries, localities
                             Add to base number 336.02 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g., revenue in
                             France 336.0244                                                                            336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.09         *‡History, geographic treatment, biography; associations of sovereign
                     states                                                                                             336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.090 1–.090 5      *‡Historical periods
                                Add to base number 336.090 the numbers following —090 in
                                notation 0901–0905 from Table 1, e.g., public finance in the 19th
                                century 336.09034                                                                       336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.091            *‡Areas, regions, places in general; associations of sovereign states                            336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.091 6             *‡Associations of sovereign states                                                            336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.091 62               *‡League of Nations                                                                        336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.091 63               *‡United Nations                                                                           336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.091 68               *‡Regional associations
                                   Including League of Arab States
                                   Class regional associations limited to specific continents in
                                   336.4–336.9




                                                   86
336                                        Economics                                             336
                                                                                                                 336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.091 7           *‡Socioeconomic regions
                              Add to base number 336.0917 the numbers following —17 in
                              notation 171–177 from Table 2, e.g., public finance in developing
                              countries 336.091724; however, for public finance in
                              socioeconomic regions by governmental level, see 336.01
                              Class regional associations of sovereign states in 336.09168                       336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.092          *‡Biography                                                                                 336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.093          *‡Ancient world
                          Add to base number 336.093 the numbers following —3 in notation
                          31–39 from Table 2, e.g., public finance in Roman Empire 336.0937;
                          however, for public finance in ancient world by governmental level, see
                          336.01                                                                                 336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.094–.099] *‡Specific continents, countries, localities in modern world
                          Do not use; class in 336.4–336.9                                                       336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




>                [336.1–336.2*‡Specific forms of revenue
                    Class comprehensive works in 336.02                                                          336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.1       *‡Nontax revenues
                       For public borrowing, see 336.34                                                          336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




>               [336.12–336.15*‡Commercial revenues
                    Class revenue from franchises in 333.16; class comprehensive works in 336.1
                       For revenues from public industries and services, see 336.19                              336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.12        *‡Commercial revenues from public lands
                       Including revenue from rent, mineral rights                                               336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.15        *‡Commercial revenues from deposits, investments, loans                                        336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.16        *‡Administrative revenues
                       Including revenue from franchises, fines, gifts, profits on coinage, user and
                       license fees                                                                              336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.17        *‡Revenues from lotteries                                                                      336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.18        *‡Intergovernmental and intragovernmental revenues
                       Standard subdivisions are added for intergovernmental and
                       intragovernmental revenues together, for intergovernmental revenues alone                 336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.182          *‡Revenues from reparations and interest on war loans                                       336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.185          *‡Revenues from one government unit to another
                          Including grants from higher units, payment in lieu of taxes, technical
                          assistance funds

                                                 87
336                                 DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                        336
                                                                                                                        336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.188            *‡Revenues from international grants                                                             336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.19         *‡Revenue from public industries and services
                          Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                          336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.2       *‡Taxes
                       Class here taxation, internal (inland) revenue, interdisciplinary works on taxes
                          For tax law, see 343.04; for tax administration, see 352.44
                          See Manual at 343.04–343.06 vs. 336.2, 352.44                                                 336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




                                       SUMMARY
                [336.200 1–.200 9             Standard subdivisions
                   [.201–.207             General topics of taxes
                   [.22                Real property taxes
                   [.23                Personal property taxes
                   [.24                Income taxes
                   [.25                Poll taxes
                   [.26                Customs (Tariff)
                   [.27                Other taxes
                   [.29                Principles of taxation                                                           336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.200 1–.200 8       *‡Standard subdivisions                                                                      336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.200 9              *‡History, geographic treatment, biography
                                    Do not use for general works on taxes by governmental level; class
                                    in 336.201                                                                          336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




>               [336.201–336.207*‡General topics of taxes
                       Unless other instructions are given, class a subject with aspects in two or more
                       subdivisions of 336.201–336.207 in the number coming last, e.g., local
                       business taxes 336.207 (not 336.2014)
                       Class comprehensive works in 336.2                                                               336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.201            *‡Taxes by governmental level
                              Class here taxes in three or more jurisdictions at the same level
                              Class taxes in one or two specific jurisdictions at a specific level in
                              336.20093–336.20099                                                                       336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.201 2              *‡National taxes                                                                             336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.201 209 1]                      *‡Areas, regions, places in general
                                             Do not use; class in 336.20121                                             336 Economics
                                                                                                        336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.201 209 3–.201 209 9]           *‡Specific continents, countries
                                             Do not use for specific countries; class in
                                             336.20093–336.20099. Do not use for specific continents;
                                             class in 336.20123–336.20129



                                                     88
336                                        Economics                                               336
                                                                                                                   336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.201 21              *‡National taxes in areas, regions, places in general
                                  Add to base number 336.20121 the numbers following —1 in
                                  notation 11–19 from Table 2, e.g., national taxes in developing
                                  countries 336.20121724                                                           336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.201 23–.201 29      *‡National taxes in specific continents
                                  Add to base number 336.2012 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                                  national taxes in Europe 336.20124
                                  Class national taxes in specific nations in 336.20093–336.20099                  336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.201 3            *‡State and provincial taxes                                                              336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.201 309 1]                 *‡Areas, regions, places in general
                                         Do not use; class in 336.20131                                            336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.201 309 3–.201 309 9]      *‡Specific continents, countries
                                         Do not use for specific states or provinces; class in
                                         336.20093–336.20099. Do not use for specific continents,
                                         countries; class in 336.20133–336.20139                                   336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.201 31              *‡State and provincial taxes in areas, regions, places in general
                                  Add to base number 336.20131 the numbers following —1 in
                                  notation 11–19 from Table 2, e.g., provincial taxes in developing
                                  countries 336.20131724                                                           336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.201 33–.201 39      *‡State and provincial taxes in specific continents, countries
                                  Add to base number 336.2013 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                                  provincial taxes in Canada 336.201371
                                  Class state and provincial taxes in specific states or provinces in
                                  336.20093–336.20099                                                              336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.201 4            *‡Local taxes                                                                             336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.201 409 1]                 *‡Areas, regions, places in general
                                         Do not use; class in 336.20141                                            336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.201 409 3–.201 409 9]      *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                         Do not use for local taxes in specific local jurisdictions;
                                         class in 336.20093–336.20099. Do not use for local taxes
                                         in specific continents, countries, states or provinces; class
                                         in 336.20143–336.20149                                                    336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.201 41              *‡Local taxes in areas, regions, places in general
                                  Add to base number 336.20141 the numbers following —1 in
                                  notation 11–19 from Table 2, e.g., local taxes in developing
                                  countries 336.20141724




                                                 89
336                              DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                       336
                                                                                                                    336 Economics
                                                                                                    336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.201 43–.201 49        *‡Local taxes in specific continents, countries, states and provinces
                                    Add to base number 336.2014 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                                    local taxes in Pennsylvania 336.2014748
                                    Class local taxes in specific local jurisdictions in
                                    336.20093–336.20099                                                             336 Economics
                                                                                                    336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.205         *‡Tax reform
                             Class here proposals and innovations
                             Class reform of taxes at a specific governmental level in 336.201                      336 Economics
                                                                                                    336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.206         *‡Provisions that allow tax avoidance
                             Including tax credits, deductions, incentives, rebates
                             Class here loopholes, tax expenditure (reductions in government
                             revenue through preferential tax treatment)                                            336 Economics
                                                                                                    336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.207         *‡Business taxes
                             Including taxes on manufacturing, small business, international
                             business                                                                               336 Economics
                                                                                                    336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.22       *‡Real property taxes
                          Variant name: rates (United Kingdom)
                          Class here comprehensive works on property taxes
                          Class comprehensive works on taxes on personal wealth in 336.24
                             For personal property taxes, see 336.23                                                336 Economics
                                                                                                    336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.222         *‡Rates and assessment
                             Class rates and assessment of specific kinds of real property in 336.225               336 Economics
                                                                                                    336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.225         *‡Specific kinds of real property
                             Including commercial, farm, residential property; land value taxation                  336 Economics
                                                                                                    336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.225 01–.225 09]       *‡Standard subdivisions
                                    Do not use; class in 336.2201–336.2209                                          336 Economics
                                                                                                    336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.23       *‡Personal property taxes
                          On tangible and intangible property
                          Including mobile homes
                          Class comprehensive works on property taxes in 336.22                                     336 Economics
                                                                                                    336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.24       *‡Income taxes
                          Class here comprehensive works on taxes on personal wealth
                             For property taxes, see 336.22; for estate, inheritance, gift taxes, see
                             336.276



                                                   90
336                                           Economics                                          336
                                                                                                                 336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.241         *‡General topics of income taxes
                            Class general topics applied to personal income tax in 336.242; class
                            general topics applied to corporate income tax in 336.243                            336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.241 01–.241 09]      *‡Standard subdivisions
                                  Do not use; class in 336.2401–336.2409                                         336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.241 5             *‡Reform
                               Class reform of taxes on business income in 336.2417                              336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.241 6             *‡Provisions that allow tax avoidance
                               Class provisions allowing avoidance of taxes on business income in
                               336.2417                                                                          336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.241 7             *‡Taxes on business income                                                             336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.242         *‡Personal income taxes (Individual income taxes)
                               See also 362.582 for negative income tax                                          336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.242 1             *‡General topics of personal income taxes
                               Class general topics applied to taxes on specific kinds of personal
                               income in 336.2422–336.2428                                                       336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.242 101–.242 109]       *‡Standard subdivisions
                                      Do not use; class in 336.24201–336.24209                                   336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.242 15               *‡Reform                                                                            336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.242 16               *‡Provisions that allow tax avoidance                                               336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.242 2             *‡Income from wages
                               Including withholding tax                                                         336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.242 3             *‡Self-employment income
                               Including income from individual proprietorships, from partnerships
                               Class here small business income
                                   For small corporation income, see 336.243                                     336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.242 4             *‡Capital gains
                               Including capital loss deduction
                               Class here comprehensive works on taxation of individual and
                               corporate capital gains and losses
                                   For taxation of corporate capital gains, see 336.243                          336 Economics
                                                                                                 336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.242 6             *‡Interest income
                               Class here comprehensive works on taxation of individual and
                               corporate interest income
                                   For taxation of corporate interest income, see 336.243

                                                 91
336                             DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      336
                                                                                                                  336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.242 8           *‡Retirement income                                                                       336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.243         *‡Corporate income taxes
                            Including capital gains taxes, interest income
                            Class comprehensive works on business taxes in 336.207; class
                            comprehensive works on business income tax in 336.2417                                336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.243 1           *‡General topics of corporate income taxes
                                Class general topics applied to profits taxes in 336.2432                         336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.243 101–.243 109]       *‡Standard subdivisions
                                      Do not use; class in 336.24301–336.24309                                    336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.243 15               *‡Reform                                                                             336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.243 16               *‡Provisions that allow tax avoidance
                                   Including oil depletion allowance                                              336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.243 2           *‡Excess and undistributed profits taxes
                                Standard subdivisions are added for excess and undistributed profits
                                taxes together, for excess profits tax alone                                      336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.249         *‡Social security taxes
                            Class actuarial and administrative aspects of finance for social security
                            in 368.401; class actuarial and administrative aspects of rates and rate
                            making for social security in 368.4011                                                336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.25       *‡Poll taxes                                                                                     336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.26       *‡Customs (Tariff)
                       Class interdisciplinary works on customs (tariff) in 382.7                                 336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.263         *‡Export and transit taxes
                            Standard subdivisions are added for export and transit taxes together,
                            for export taxes alone                                                                336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.264         *‡Import taxes
                                For import tax schedules, see 336.265; for import taxes on specific
                                products, see 336.266                                                             336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.265         *‡Import tax schedules
                                For import tax schedules on specific products, see 336.266                        336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.266         *‡Import taxes and tax schedules on specific products                                         336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.266 000 1–.266 000 9]       *‡Standard subdivisions
                                          Do not use for import taxes; class in
                                          336.26401–336.26409. Do not use for import tax
                                          schedules; class in 336.26501–336.26509




                                                  92
336                                            Economics                                              336
                                                                                                                      336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.266 001–.266 999         *‡Subdivisions of import taxes and tax schedules on specific
                                   products
                                         Add to base number 336.266 notation 001–999, e.g., import
                                         taxes on paintings 336.26675
                                            Subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading               336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.27       *‡Other taxes                                                                                        336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.271         *‡Excise, sales, value-added, related taxes
                             Including luxury, use taxes                                                              336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.271 3              *‡Sales tax                                                                                336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.271 4              *‡Value-added tax                                                                          336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.271 6              *‡Severance tax                                                                            336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.272         *‡Stamp tax and revenue stamps
                             Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                     336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.276         *‡Estate, inheritance, gift taxes
                             Standard subdivisions are added for any or all topics in heading
                             Class here death duties, death tax
                             Class estate planning in 332.024016; class comprehensive works on
                             taxes on personal wealth in 336.24                                                       336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.278         *‡Taxes on products, services, industries
                             Standard subdivisions are added for any or all topics in heading
                             Class a specific kind of tax on a product, service, industry with the kind
                             of tax, e.g., import taxes on coal 336.26655324, severance taxes on coal
                             336.2716                                                                                 336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.278 000 1–.278 000 9        *‡Standard subdivisions                                                           336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.278 001–.278 999         *‡Taxes on specific products, services, industries
                                         Add to base number 336.278 notation 001–999, e.g., coal
                                         industry taxes 336.2783382724
                                            Subdivisions are added for any or all topics in heading                   336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.29       *‡Principles of taxation
                       Class principles of specific kinds of taxes in 336.22–336.27                                   336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.291         *‡General principles of taxation
                             Including adequacy (yield), certainty, diversity, economy and
                             convenience of collection, justice                                                       336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.293         *‡Kinds of rate
                             Including progressive, proportional, regressive rates




                                                    93
336                                DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      336
                                                                                                                      336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.294            *‡Incidence
                              The final burden of tax payment and the people on whom it falls
                              Including direct, indirect, double taxation                                             336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.3        *‡Public debt and expenditures
                      Class here fiscal policy, comprehensive works on monetary and fiscal policy
                           For monetary policy, see 332.46; for use of fiscal and monetary policy in
                           economic stabilization, see 339.5                                                          336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




                                      SUMMARY
                 [336.31              Government securities
                    [.34              Public debt
                    [.36              Debt management
                    [.39              Public expenditures                                                             336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.31          *‡Government securities
                           Including short-term securities, Eurobonds
                           Class comprehensive works on government securities in 332.63232                            336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.34          *‡Public debt
                           Class here public borrowing
                              For public securities, see 336.31; for debt management, see 336.36                      336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.340 9               *‡History, geographic treatment, biography
                                  Do not use for general works on domestic public debt by
                                  governmental level; class in 336.343                                                336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.343            *‡Public debt by governmental level
                              Class here public debt in three or more jurisdictions at a specific level
                              Class public debt in one or two jurisdictions at the same level in
                              336.34093–336.34099; class international public debt regardless of
                              jurisdiction or level in 336.3435; class flotation of loans regardless of
                              level in 336.344; class debt limits regardless of level in 336.346                      336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.343 1               *‡Local level                                                                             336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.343 109 1]                    *‡Areas, regions, places in general
                                            Do not use; class in 336.34311                                            336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.343 109 3–.343 109 9]         *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                            Do not use for specific continents, countries, states and
                                            provinces; class in 336.3409. Do not use for specific
                                            localities; class in 336.34313–336.34319                                  336 Economics
                                                                                                      336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.343 11                 *‡Local public debt in areas, regions, places in general
                                     Add to base number 336.34311 the numbers following —1 in
                                     notation 11–19 from Table 2, e.g., local public debt in
                                     developing countries 336.34311724

                                                    94
336                                         Economics                                              336
                                                                                                                   336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.343 13–.343 19      *‡Local public debt in specific continents, countries, states and
                              provinces
                                  Add to base number 336.3431 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                                  local public debt in Pennsylvania 336.3431748
                                  Class local public debt in specific localities in
                                  336.34093–336.34099                                                              336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.343 2            *‡State and provincial level                                                              336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.343 209 1]                 *‡Areas, regions, places in general
                                         Do not use; class in 336.34321                                            336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.343 209 3–.343 209 9]      *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                         Do not use for specific states and provinces; class in
                                         336.34093–336.34099. Do not use for specific continents,
                                         countries; class in 336.34323–336.34329                                   336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.343 21              *‡State and provincial public debt in areas, regions, places in general
                                  Add to base number 336.34321 the numbers following —1 in
                                  notation 11–19 from Table 2, e.g., state and provincial public
                                  debt in developing countries 336.34321724                                        336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.343 23–.343 29      *‡State and provincial public debt in specific continents, countries
                                  Add to base number 336.3432 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                                  provincial public debt in Canada 336.343271
                                  Class state and provincial public debt in specific states and
                                  provinces in 336.34093–336.34099                                                 336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.343 3            *‡National level
                                  For borrowing by one nation from another nation, see 336.3435                    336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.343 309 1]                 *‡Areas, regions, places in general
                                         Do not use; class in 336.34331                                            336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.343 309 3–.343 309 9]      *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                         Do not use for specific countries; class in
                                         336.34093–336.34099. Do not use for specific continents;
                                         class in 336.34333–336.34339                                              336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.343 31              *‡National public debt in areas, regions, places in general
                                  Add to base number 336.34331 the numbers following —1 in
                                  notation 11–19 from Table 2, e.g., national public debt in
                                  developing countries 336.34331724                                                336 Economics
                                                                                                   336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.343 33–.343 39      *‡National public debt in specific continents
                                  Add to base number 336.3433 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                                  national public debt in Europe 336.34334
                                  Class national public debt in specific countries in
                                  336.34093–336.34099


                                                 95
336                            DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                       336
                                                                                                                  336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




       [.343 5           *‡International public debt
                              Borrowing by one nation from another, public debts owed by one
                              nation to another
                              Class here comprehensive works on international borrowing and
                              debts
                                  For role of banks in international borrowing and debts, see
                                  332.15                                                                          336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.344         *‡Flotation of government securities
                           Including forced loans
                           Class government securities in 336.31                                                  336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.346         *‡Debt limits                                                                                 336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.36       *‡Debt management
                       Class debt limits in 336.346
                           See also 339.523 for deficit financing in macroeconomic policy                         336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.363         *‡Repayment and redemption
                           Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                           Including sinking funds                                                                336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.368         *‡Repudiation
                           Class here public insolvency                                                           336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.39       *‡Public expenditures
                       Class tax expenditure in 336.206
                           For expenditure in macroeconomic policy, see 339.522. For
                           expenditures by a specific agency or on a specific activity, see the
                           agency or activity in 352–354, plus notation 249 from table under
                           352–354, e.g., expenditures on transportation 354.76249                                336 Economics
                                                                                                  336 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 336




      [.4–.9 *‡Public finance of specific continents, countries, localities in modern
               world
                    Add to base number 336 notation 4–9 from Table 2, e.g., public finance of
                    Australia 336.94; however, for general works on public finance by
                    governmental level, see 336.01                                                                337 Economics
                                                                                                  337 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 337




[337         *‡International economics
                 Class here international economic planning; comprehensive works on
                 international economic relations, on international economic cooperation
                    For a specific aspect of international economics not provided for here, see the
                    aspect, e.g., multinational business enterprises 338.88, international
                    commerce 382                                                                                  337 Economics
                                                                                                  337 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 337




      [.093–.099] *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                           Do not use; class in 337.3–337.9

                                                 96
 337                                        Economics                                             337
                                                                                                                  337 Economics
                                                                                                  337 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 337




       [.1     *‡Multilateral economic cooperation
                     Class here economic integration, multilateral agreements and multistate
                     organizations for economic cooperation
                     Class bilateral economic cooperation in 337.3–337.9; class interdisciplinary
                     works on intergovernmental organizations in 341.2
                        For trade agreements, see 382.9
                        See Manual at 337.3–337.9 vs. 337.1                                                       337 Economics
                                                                                                  337 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 337




       [.109          *‡History and biography
                            Do not use for geographic treatment; class in 337.11–337.19                           337 Economics
                                                                                                  337 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 337




       [.11       *‡Multilateral economic cooperation in areas, regions, places in general
                        Add to base number 337.11 the numbers following —1 in notation 17–18
                        from Table 2, e.g., multilateral economic cooperation in developing regions
                        337.11724                                                                                 337 Economics
                                                                                                  337 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 337




       [.14       *‡European multilateral cooperation                                                             337 Economics
                                                                                                  337 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 337




       [.142          *‡European Union
                            Class here European Common Market, European Community,
                            European Economic Community                                                           337 Economics
                                                                                                  337 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 337




       [.143          *‡European Free Trade Association (EFTA)                                                    337 Economics
                                                                                                  337 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 337




       [.147          *‡Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON)                                          337 Economics
                                                                                                  337 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 337




       [.15–.19   *‡Multilateral cooperation in continents other than Europe
                        Add to base number 337.1 notation 5–9 from Table 2, e.g., Andean Group
                        337.18                                                                                    337 Economics
                                                                                                  337 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 337




       [.3–.9 *‡Foreign economic policies and relations of specific jurisdictions and
                groups of jurisdictions
                     Class here bilateral economic cooperation
                     Add to base number 337 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g., economic policy of
                     United Kingdom 337.41; then, for foreign economic relations between two
                     jurisdictions or groups of jurisdictions, add 0* and to the result add notation
                     1–9 from Table 2, e.g., economic relations between United Kingdom and
                     France 337.41044
                     Give priority in notation to the jurisdiction or group of jurisdictions
                     emphasized. If the emphasis is equal, give priority to the one coming first in
                     Table 2
                        (Option: Give priority in notation to the jurisdiction or group of
                        jurisdictions requiring local emphasis, e.g., libraries in the United States
                        class foreign economic relations between the United States and France in
                        337.73044)
                     Class multilateral economic cooperation in 337.1
                        See Manual at 337.3–337.9 vs. 337.1

*Add 00 for standard subdivisions; see instructions at beginning of Table 1

                                                  97
338                                DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      338
                                                                                                                     338 Economics
                                                                                                     338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




[338         *‡Production
                   Class here interdisciplinary works on industry, on production
                      For specific factors of production, see 331–333; for production economics of
                      financial industries, see 332; for production economics of real estate business,
                      see 333.33; for production economics of energy production, see 333.79; for
                      economics of cooperative production, see 334; for production economics of
                      insurance industry, see 368; for commerce, communications, transportation,
                      see 380. For a specific noneconomic aspect of industry and production, see the
                      aspect, e.g., law of industry 343.07, production technology 620–690
                      See Manual at T1—025 vs. T1—029; also at 332 vs. 338, 658.15; also at
                      363.5, 363.6, 363.8 vs. 338                                                                    338 Economics
                                                                                                     338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




                                      SUMMARY
                 [338.001–.008            Standard subdivisions
                    [.01–.09           [General topics]
                    [.1             Agriculture
                    [.2             Extraction of minerals
                    [.3             Other extractive industries
                    [.4             Secondary industries and services
                    [.5             General production economics
                    [.6             Organization of production
                    [.7             Business enterprises
                    [.8             Combinations
                    [.9             Economic development and growth                                                  338 Economics
                                                                                                     338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.001            *‡Philosophy and theory
                                   For a specific theory, see the theory, e.g., law of diminishing
                                   marginal utility 338.5212                                                         338 Economics
                                                                                                     338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.001 12                   *‡Forecasting
                                      Do not use for forecasting of products and services; class in
                                      338.020112. Do not use for general production forecasting; class
                                      in 338.544                                                                     338 Economics
                                                                                                     338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.002–.008       *‡Standard subdivisions                                                                       338 Economics
                                                                                                     338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.009]           *‡History, geographic treatment, biography
                             Do not use for history, geographic treatment, biography of production;
                             class in 338.09                                                                         338 Economics
                                                                                                     338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.01         *‡Factors of production
                          Class here comprehensive and theoretical works on factors of production
                          Class factors of production as part of industrial conditions and situation in
                          338.09; class factors of production as costs of production in 338.512
                             For labor, see 331; for capital, see 332; for land, see 333




                                                     98
338                                          Economics                                             338
                                                                                                                   338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.02        *‡Products and services
                         Standard subdivisions are added for products and services together, for
                         products alone
                         Class general production economics in 338.5; class consumption in 339.47;
                         class shipments and sales in 381
                            For specific products, see 338.1–338.4; for services alone, see 338.47
                            See Manual at T1—025 vs. T1—029                                                        338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.020 12               *‡Classification
                                   Class here standard industrial classifications
                                   Add to base number 338.02012 notation 4–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                                   standard industrial classifications of Canada 338.0201271                       338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.04        *‡Entrepreneurship                                                                               338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.06        *‡Production efficiency
                         Including cost-output ratio
                         Class here industrial productivity
                         Class conservation of energy in 333.7916
                            For labor productivity, see 331.118                                                    338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.064            *‡Effect of technological innovations
                            Class here effect of automation, comprehensive works on effect of
                            technological innovations on the economy
                                For effect of technological innovations on a specific aspect of the
                                economy, see the aspect, e.g., effect on working conditions 331.25,
                                effect on banking 332.1
                                See also 303.483 for effect of technological innovation on society                 338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.09        *‡History, geographic treatment, biography
                         Class here history, geographic treatment, biography of general principles
                         and theories; existing and potential resources for production, industrial
                         conditions and situation, industrial surveys, location of industry
                         Class a specific resource with the resource, e.g., water for power 333.914                338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.090 01–.090 08       *‡Standard subdivisions                                                               338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.090 09]              *‡History
                                   Do not use; class in 338.09                                                     338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.090 1–.090 5      *‡Historical periods
                                Add to base number 338.09 notation 01–05 from Table 2, e.g.,
                                industrial surveys in 20th century 338.0904




                                                   99
338                           DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                       338
                                                                                                                 338 Economics
                                                                                                 338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.091–.099   *‡Geographic treatment and biography
                          Add to base number 338.09 notation 1–9 from Table 2, e.g., industrial
                          surveys of Canada 338.0971
                              See also 338.6042 for rationale for and process of locating business
                              enterprises
                              See Manual at 338.091–338.099 vs. 332.67309, 338.6042                              338 Economics
                                                                                                 338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.092        *‡Biography
                              See Manual at 338.092                                                              338 Economics
                                                                                                 338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




>              [338.1–338.4*‡Specific kinds of industries
                   Class here finance, general production economics of specific kinds of
                   industries
                   Class results of market surveys; supply and demand in relation to trade, to
                   marketing opportunities in 381; class comprehensive works in 338; class
                   interdisciplinary works on capital formation in 332.0415
                      For financial industries, see 332; for credit for specific kinds of industries,
                      see 332.7; for real estate business, see 333.33; for energy production, see
                      333.79; for cooperatives in specific kinds of industries, see 334; for
                      organization of production in specific kinds of industries, see 338.6; for
                      business enterprises other than cooperatives in specific kinds of industries,
                      see 338.7; for commerce, communications, transportation, see 380. For
                      biographies of entrepreneurs in a specific kind of industry, see the kind of
                      industry in 338.6–338.8, e.g., biographies of small-business owners
                      338.642092, biographies of entrepreneurs in textile manufacturing
                      338.76770092; for biographies of people known for their contributions in a
                      specific type of technology, see the type of technology in 600, e.g.,
                      biographies of mining engineers 622.092                                                    338 Economics
                                                                                                 338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




>              [338.1–338.3*‡Primary industries (Extractive industries)
                   Class comprehensive works in 338                                                              338 Economics
                                                                                                 338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.1     *‡Agriculture
                   Class agricultural cooperatives in 334.683; class government farm policies in
                   338.18
                      See Manual at 338.1 vs. 631.558




                                                100
338                                    Economics                                              338
                                                                                                              338 Economics
                                                                                              338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.13    *‡Financial aspects
                   Class here capital formation and other investment in agriculture, costs,
                   prices received by farmers, farm income
                   Add to base number 338.13 the numbers following 63 in 633–638, e.g.,
                   prices of rice 338.13318
                   Class government policies that affect financial aspects in 338.18; class food
                   prices in 338.19
                      For agricultural credit, see 332.71
                      See also 338.16 for production efficiency
                      See Manual at 332 vs. 338, 658.15                                                       338 Economics
                                                                                              338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.14    *‡Factors affecting production
                   Including drought, plant and animal diseases, shortages of materials and
                   equipment used in farming
                      For financial factors, see 338.13; for production efficiency, see 338.16;
                      for surpluses and shortages of farm products, see 338.17; for
                      government policies, see 338.18                                                         338 Economics
                                                                                              338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.16    *‡Production efficiency
                   Including cost-output ratio, size of farm, use of labor
                   Class here agricultural productivity; science, technological innovation in
                   agriculture
                   Class energy conservation in agriculture in 333.7966; class comprehensive
                   works on factors affecting production in 338.14
                      For labor productivity, see 331.118                                                     338 Economics
                                                                                              338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.161     *‡Mechanization
                      Class here automation
                      Class mechanization of harvesting methods in 338.163                                    338 Economics
                                                                                              338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.162     *‡Agricultural methods
                      Including crop rotation; use of fertilizers, of insecticides
                          For harvesting methods, see 338.163                                                 338 Economics
                                                                                              338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.163     *‡Harvesting methods




                                            101
338                               DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                        338
                                                                                                                      338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.17         *‡Products
                          Including seed industry as a whole
                          Class here surpluses and shortages of farm products, forecasts and
                          projections of supply and demand
                          Add to base number 338.17 the numbers following 63 in 633–638, e.g., rice
                          or seed rice 338.17318, forestry 338.1749, forest products 338.17498;
                          however, for supply of timber in nature, see 333.7511; for demand for
                          timber, see 333.7512
                          Class specific elements of production applied to specific products and
                          groups of products in 338.13–338.16; class government farm policies
                          applied to specific products and groups of products in 338.18; class supply,
                          surpluses, shortages of food in 338.19; class specific producers in 338.763.
                          Class a specific kind of seed with the kind, e.g., corn (maize) seed
                          338.17315                                                                                   338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.174 98                *‡Forest products
                                     Number built according to instructions under 338.17
                                     Class here supply of cut timber, comprehensive works on timber
                                        For uncut timber, timber reserves, see 333.7511                               338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.18         *‡Government farm policies
                          Class here acreage allotments, agricultural credit, drought relief, price
                          supports, subsidies
                          Class government policies with respect to food supply in 338.19                             338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.180 93–.180 99]       *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                     Do not use; class in 338.183–338.189                                             338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.181          *‡International policies
                             Policies and programs of international bodies                                            338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.183–.189     *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                             Add to base number 338.18 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                             government farm policies of India 338.1854; however, for international
                             policies, see 338.181                                                                    338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.19         *‡Food supply
                          Class here economic causes and effects of, economic remedies for
                          maladjustments in food supply; measures for attaining and maintaining
                          adequate amounts of food; food requirements (demand); reserves (stocks,
                          supply) of food; prices of food to the consumer; comprehensive works on
                          the economics of production, storage, distribution of food
                          Class interdisciplinary works on food supply in 363.8
                             For production of food, see 338.13–338.18; for supply of specific food
                             commodities, see 338.17; for food processing, see 338.47664; for
                             distribution of food, see 381.41
                             See Manual at 363.5, 363.6, 363.8 vs. 338

                                                    102
338                                           Economics                                            338
                                                                                                                   338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.190 91]               *‡Areas, regions, places in general
                                    Do not use; class in 338.191                                                   338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.190 93–.190 99]       *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                    Do not use; class in 338.193–338.199                                           338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.191          *‡Food supply in areas, regions, places in general
                             Add to base number 338.191 the numbers following —1 in notation
                             11–19 from Table 2, e.g., food supply in developing countries
                             338.191724                                                                            338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.193–.199     *‡Food supply in specific continents, countries, localities
                             Add to base number 338.19 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g., food
                             supply in Africa 338.196                                                              338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.2     *‡Extraction of minerals
                     Class here extraction of energy resources, comprehensive works on economics
                     of extraction and processing of minerals and energy resources
                     Class conservation of mineral and energy resources in 333.7–333.9; class
                     mined lands in 333.765
                          For processing of minerals and raw materials of energy, see 338.47                       338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.23         *‡Financial aspects
                          Class here capital formation and other investment in industries engaged in
                          extraction of minerals; costs, income, prices
                          Add to base number 338.23 the numbers following 553 in 553.2–553.9,
                          e.g., prices of tin 338.23453
                          Class production efficiency in 338.26
                             For industrial credit, see 332.742
                             See Manual at 332 vs. 338, 658.15                                                     338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.26         *‡Production efficiency
                          Including automation, cost-output ratio, effect of technological innovation,
                          factors of production
                          Class here industrial productivity
                          Class energy conservation in mineral extraction industries in 333.7965
                             For labor productivity, see 331.118




                                                   103
338                           DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                     338
                                                                                                               338 Economics
                                                                                               338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.27      *‡Products
                      Add to base number 338.27 the numbers following 553 in 553.2–553.9,
                      e.g., coal 338.2724
                      Class supply in storage, shortages, surpluses, demand, and projections of
                      these in 333.8; class specific elements of production applied to specific
                      products in 338.23–338.26; class specific producers doing extraction only
                      in 338.7622; class specific producers doing both extraction and processing
                      in 338.766; class supply in nature in 553.2–553.9                                        338 Economics
                                                                                               338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.3     *‡Other extractive industries
                   Including financial aspects, production efficiency
                   Class energy conservation in extractive industries in 333.7965
                      For industrial credit, see 332.742
                      See Manual at 332 vs. 338, 658.15                                                        338 Economics
                                                                                               338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.37      *‡Products
                      Class specific producers in 338.763                                                      338 Economics
                                                                                               338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.371        *‡Products of culture of invertebrates and cold-blooded vertebrates;
                     aquaculture
                          Add to base number 338.371 the numbers following 639 in
                          639.3–639.8, e.g., culture of oysters 338.37141, aquaculture 338.3718;
                          however, for insect culture, see 338.178
                          Class comprehensive works on fishing and the culture of fishes and
                          other water animals in 338.3727                                                      338 Economics
                                                                                               338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.372        *‡Products of fishing, whaling, hunting, trapping
                          Class here catches from fishing, whaling, hunting, trapping industries
                          Add to base number 338.372 the numbers following 59 in 592–599,
                          e.g., fishing for mollusks, comprehensive works on shellfishing
                          338.3724; fishing for crustaceans 338.3724; finfishing, comprehensive
                          works on fishing 338.3727; then add further as follows:
                             [01–08 Standard subdivisions
                             [09       History, geographic treatment, biography
                                          Use number for the area in which industry is based, not
                                          the place where fishes or other animals are caught, e.g.,
                                          fishing fleet based at Los Angeles 338.37270979494, not
                                          338.372709722 or 338.3727091641




                                               104
338                                          Economics                                                338

                            Class supply of uncaught animals in nature in 333.95411; class
                            measures to increase supply of animals in nature in 333.95415; class
                            culture of invertebrates and cold-blooded vertebrates in 338.371. Class
                            supply of a specific kind of uncaught animals in nature, statistics of
                            catches of a specific kind of animal used in estimating its population in
                            nature, with the kind of animal in 333.9542–333.959, plus notation 11
                            from table under 333.7–333.9, e.g., supply of uncaught deer
                            333.9596511, statistics of game bird catches used in estimating
                            population of game birds 333.9582911; class measures to increase
                            supply of a specific kind of animals in nature with the kind in
                            333.9542–333.959, plus notation 15 from table under 333.7–333.9, e.g.,
                            development of game animals in nature 333.954915                                          338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.4     *‡Secondary industries and services
                    Standard subdivisions are added for secondary industries and services together,
                    for secondary industries alone
                    Class here products of secondary industries
                    Class government policies in 338.48; class comprehensive works on products
                    in 338.02; class comprehensive works on service industries, on services in
                    338.47
                         See Manual at T1—025 vs. T1—029                                                              338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.43       *‡Financial aspects
                         Class here capital formation and other investments, costs, income, prices
                         Class production efficiency in 338.45
                            For industrial credit, see 332.742
                            See Manual at 332 vs. 338, 658.15                                                         338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.430 001–.430 009         *‡Standard subdivisions                                                              338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.430 01–.439 99        *‡Specific industries and services
                                    Add to base number 338.43 notation 001–999, e.g., automobile
                                    prices 338.43629222; however, for financial aspects of financial
                                    industries, see 332; for financial aspects of real estate, see
                                    333.33; for financial aspects of energy production, see 333.79;
                                    for financial aspects of cooperative production, see 334; for
                                    financial aspects of insurance industry, see 368.01; for financial
                                    aspects of commerce, communications, transportation, see 380
                                        Subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                   338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.45       *‡Production efficiency
                         Including cost-output ratio, factors of production (land, labor, capital),
                         production capacity
                         Class here industrial productivity
                         Class energy conservation in secondary industries in 333.796516
                            For labor productivity, see 331.118




                                                   105
338                               DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                        338
                                                                                                                      338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.454            *‡Automation
                                 For automation in specific industries, see 338.456                                   338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.456            *‡Production efficiency in specific industries and groups of industries
                             Class here automation in specific industries                                             338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.456 01–.456 09]       *‡Standard subdivisions
                                    Do not use; class in 338.4501–338.4509                                            338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.456 1              *‡Production efficiency in industries other than extractive, manufacturing,
                             construction
                                 Class here service industries                                                        338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.456 100 01–.456 100 09           *‡Standard subdivisions                                                      338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.456 100 1–.456 199 9         *‡Subdivisions for production efficiency in industries other than
                                       extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                           Add to base number 338.4561 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                           production efficiency in hospital services 338.456136211;
                                           however, for production efficiency in financial industries,
                                           see 332; for production efficiency in real estate business,
                                           see 333.33; for production efficiency in cooperative
                                           enterprises, see 334; for production efficiency in the
                                           insurance industry, see 368; for production efficiency in
                                           commerce, communications, transportation, see 380                          338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.456 2–.456 9       *‡Production efficiency in manufacturing and construction industries
                                 Add to base number 338.456 the numbers following 6 in 620–690,
                                 e.g., power equipment in textile manufacture 338.456770285;
                                 however, for production efficiency in energy production, see
                                 333.79; for production efficiency in cooperative enterprises, see 334                338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.46       *‡Professional services
                          Class specific elements of production applied to professional services in
                          338.43–338.45; class specific professional services in 338.47                               338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.47       *‡Services and specific products
                          Class here quantities produced, shortages, surpluses, stockpiles, forecasts
                          and projections of supply and demand; comprehensive works on service
                          industries, on economics of services
                          Class specific elements of production applied to services and specific
                          products in 338.43–338.45; class specific producers in 338.76; class
                          comprehensive works on products of secondary industries in 338.4
                             For comprehensive works on professional services, see 338.46                             338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.470 001–.470 009          *‡Standard subdivisions for services




                                                   106
338                                           Economics                                             338
                                                                                                                    338 Economics
                                                                                                    338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.470 01–.479 99       *‡Subdivisions for products and services
                                   Add to base number 338.47 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                   pharmaceutical industry 338.476151, tourist industry 338.4791;
                                   however, for production economics of financial industries, see
                                   332; for production economics of real estate business, see
                                   333.33; for production economics of energy production, see
                                   333.79; for production economics of cooperative enterprises, see
                                   334; for production economics of commerce, communications,
                                   transportation, see 380
                                       Subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                  338 Economics
                                                                                                    338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.476 626                  *‡Fuel industry
                                      Number built according to instructions under
                                      338.47001–338.47999
                                      Class here comprehensive works on processing and
                                      manufacturing fuels
                                            For processing or manufacturing a specific fuel, see the
                                            fuel, e.g., biomass fuel 338.4766288, gasoline
                                            338.4766553827                                                          338 Economics
                                                                                                    338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.48        *‡Government policies
                         Class government policies with respect to a specific aspect of secondary
                         industries and services in 338.43–338.47                                                   338 Economics
                                                                                                    338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.5       *‡General production economics
                    Including risk
                    Class here microeconomics (economics of the firm)
                    Class production economics of specific kinds of industries in 338.1–338.4
                         For organization of production, see 338.6                                                  338 Economics
                                                                                                    338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.501 12]              *‡Forecasting
                                   Do not use; class in 338.544                                                     338 Economics
                                                                                                    338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.51        *‡Costs                                                                                           338 Economics
                                                                                                    338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.512          *‡Factors of production as costs of production
                            Including law of diminishing marginal returns, of factor proportions
                            Class comprehensive works on factors of production in 338.01                            338 Economics
                                                                                                    338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.514          *‡Elements in cost calculation                                                                 338 Economics
                                                                                                    338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.514 2             *‡Kinds of cost
                                Including average, fixed, marginal, variable costs                                  338 Economics
                                                                                                    338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.514 4             *‡Size of enterprise
                                Including economies and diseconomies of scale




                                                   107
338                              DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                         338
                                                                                                                      338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.516          *‡Profits
                             Including relation of marginal cost to marginal revenue                                  338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.52        *‡Prices
                        Class here price determination, effects of changes, comprehensive works
                        on prices
                        Class effect of money on prices in 332.41; class effect of costs on prices in
                        338.516
                             For a specific aspect of prices not provided for here, see the aspect,
                             e.g., effects of prices on the whole economy 339.42                                      338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.520 1            *‡Philosophy and theory
                                Do not use for theories; class in 338.521                                             338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.520 2            *‡Miscellany                                                                                 338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.520 21                *‡Tabulated and related materials
                                    Do not use for statistics; class in 338.528                                       338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.521          *‡Price theories
                             Class here law of supply and demand, theories of value
                                For Marxian labor theory of value, see 335.412
                                See also 333.7 for supply and demand for natural resources and
                                energy; also 338.1–338.4 for supply and demand for specific
                                products                                                                              338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.521 2            *‡Theory of demand
                                Including law of diminishing marginal utility, price-demand
                                relationship                                                                          338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.521 3            *‡Theory of supply
                                Including price-supply relationship                                                   338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




>                [338.522–338.526*‡Price determination
                     Class comprehensive works in 338.52                                                              338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.522          *‡Price determination in free markets
                             Including interproduct competition, e.g., butter versus margarine                        338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.523          *‡Price determination by monopolies, oligopolies
                             Including price fixing, price leadership                                                 338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.526          *‡Price determination by government regulation (Price control)                                   338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.528          *‡Price levels
                             Class here indexes, statistics
                                See also 339.42 for cost of living

                                                   108
338                                          Economics                                             338
                                                                                                                   338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.528 021                 *‡Tabulated and related materials
                                       Do not use for statistics; class in 338.528                                 338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.54         *‡Economic fluctuations
                        Including seasonal variations, secular trends                                              338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.540 112]                *‡Forecasting
                                       Do not use; class in 338.544                                                338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.542          *‡Business cycles
                            Including prosperity, recession, depression, recovery; panics
                            Class remedial and preventive measures in 338.543. Class
                            comprehensive economic works on a specific period of prosperity or
                            depression with the economic conditions of the specific time or place in
                            330.9, e.g., worldwide depression in 1930s 330.9043, economic
                            prosperity in Germany, 1949–1962 330.9430875                                           338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.543          *‡Remedial and preventive action
                            Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                            Class comprehensive works on economic stabilization in 339.5                           338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.544          *‡General production forecasting and forecasts
                               See also 658.40355 for forecasting as a technique of managerial
                               decision-making                                                                     338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.544 2            *‡Methods of forecasting
                               Class comprehensive works on economic forecasting in 330.0112                       338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.544 3            *‡Forecasts
                               Class forecasts of economic situation in 330.900112                                 338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.6       *‡Organization of production
                     Class here organization of production in specific kinds of industries
                        For business enterprises and their structure, see 338.7
                        See Manual at 338.092                                                                      338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.604          *‡Special topics of organization of production                                                338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.604 1            *‡Finance
                               Class finance of specific kinds of industries in 338.1–338.4; class
                               interdisciplinary works on capital formation in 332.0415                            338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.604 2            *‡Location
                               Class here proximity to sources of power, raw materials, labor
                               supply, transportation, markets
                                   See Manual at 338.091–338.099 vs. 332.67309, 338.6042



                                                  109
338                            DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      338
                                                                                                                  338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.604 6           *‡Specialization and comparative advantage
                              Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                              Class works on specialization and comparative advantage that
                              emphasize international commerce in 382.1042                                        338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.604 8           *‡Competition and restraint
                              Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                              Class monopoly and monopolies in 338.82                                             338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.61        *‡Private enterprise
                       Class specific systems of private enterprise in 338.63; class specific sizes
                       of private enterprise in 338.64                                                            338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.62        *‡Public enterprise                                                                             338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.63        *‡Systems of production
                          For factory system, see 338.65                                                          338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.632          *‡Guild system                                                                               338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.634          *‡Domestic system
                          Class here cottage industry                                                             338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.64        *‡Size of enterprises
                       Including downsizing
                       Class relation of size of enterprise to cost of production in 338.5144; class
                       specific types of enterprises of specific sizes in 338.7–338.8                             338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.642          *‡Small business
                          Including custom production
                          Class here small industry
                          Class cottage industry in 338.634                                                       338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.642 089                *‡Ethnic and national groups
                                     Class minority enterprises in 338.6422                                       338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.642 2           *‡Minority enterprises
                              Class handicraft industries operated by minorities in 338.6425                      338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.642 5           *‡Handicraft industries                                                                   338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.644          *‡Big business
                          Class here large industry
                          Class monopoly and monopolies in 338.82                                                 338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.65        *‡Factory system



                                                  110
338                                          Economics                                            338
                                                                                                                  338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.69         *‡Worker control of industry
                        Class here employee ownership, worker self-management
                        Class role of unions in achieving worker control of industry in 331.8801;
                        class guild socialism in 335.15; class syndicalism in 335.82; class
                        employee participation in management in 658.3152
                            For employee stock ownership plans, see 331.21649                                     338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.7     *‡Business enterprises
                     Not limited to private or capitalist enterprises
                     Class here structure of business enterprises; interdisciplinary works on business
                     enterprises, on organizations for production
                        For cooperatives, see 334; for combinations, see 338.8
                        See Manual at T1—025 vs. T1—029; also at 338.092                                          338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.71         *‡Initiation and dissolution of business enterprises                                           338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




>              [338.72–338.74*‡Specific kinds of business enterprises
                     Class specific kinds of business enterprises in specific industries and groups of
                     industries in 338.76; class comprehensive works in 338.7                                     338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.72         *‡Individual proprietorships                                                                   338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.73         *‡Partnerships                                                                                 338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.74         *‡Corporations
                        Open and closed
                            See Manual at T1—025 vs. T1—029                                                       338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.749           *‡Government corporations
                            Class here interdisciplinary works on government corporations
                                For a specific aspect of government corporations, see the aspect,
                                e.g., law 346.067, public administration of government
                                corporations 352.266                                                              338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.749 068]                 *‡Management
                                       Do not use; class in 352.266                                               338 Economics
                                                                                                  338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.76         *‡Business enterprises by industry
                        Class here specific individual business enterprises, biographies of
                        entrepreneurs in specific fields
                            For biographies of people known for their contribution to technology,
                            see the kind of contribution in 600, plus notation 092 from Table 1,
                            e.g., biographies of mining engineers 622.092
                            See Manual at T1—025 vs. T1—029



                                                  111
338                                DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                       338
                                                                                                                      338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.761           *‡Business enterprises in industries other than extractive,
                        manufacturing, construction
                              Class here service industries                                                           338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.761 000 1–.761 000 9          *‡Standard subdivisions                                                         338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.761 001–.761 999           *‡Subdivisions for business enterprises in industries other than
                                     extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                         Add to base number 338.761 notation 001–999, e.g., law
                                         firms 338.76134; however, for financial institutions, see
                                         332.1–332.6; for real estate business enterprises, see 333.33;
                                         for cooperative enterprises, see 334; for insurance companies,
                                         see 368.0065; for enterprises engaged in commerce,
                                         communications, transportation, see 380                                      338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.762–.769      *‡Business enterprises in extractive, manufacturing, construction
                        industries
                              Add to base number 338.76 the numbers following 6 in 620–690, e.g.,
                              agriculture 338.763; however, for enterprises engaged in production of
                              energy, see 333.79; for cooperative enterprises, see 334.682–334.689                    338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.8       *‡Combinations
                     Organization and structure for massive production and control of production
                     Class here antitrust policies, economic concentration
                     To be classed here, works about specific individual enterprises must stress that
                     they are combinations; otherwise, the works are classed in 338.76
                           See Manual at 338.092                                                                      338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




                                      SUMMARY
                [338.804                 Special topics of combinations
                   [.82               Restrictive practices
                   [.83               Mergers
                   [.85               Trusts
                   [.86               Holding companies
                   [.87               Informal arrangements
                   [.88               Multinational business enterprises                                              338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.804           *‡Special topics of combinations                                                                338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.804 2               *‡Kinds of combinations
                                  Including horizontal, vertical, conglomerate                                        338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.82         *‡Restrictive practices
                           Class here monopoly and monopolies, oligopoly and oligopolies
                           Class price determination in 338.523; class restrictive practices of
                           multinational business enterprises in 338.884                                              338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.826           *‡Restrictive practices in specific industries, groups of industries,
                        fields of enterprise


                                                    112
338                                           Economics                                                338
                                                                                                                       338 Economics
                                                                                                       338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.826 01–.826 09]        *‡Standard subdivisions
                                    Do not use; class in 338.8201–338.8209                                             338 Economics
                                                                                                       338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.826 1              *‡Restrictive practices in industries and fields of enterprise other than
                             extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                 Class here service industries                                                         338 Economics
                                                                                                       338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.826 100 01–.826 100 09           *‡Standard subdivisions                                                       338 Economics
                                                                                                       338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.826 100 1–.826 199 9         *‡Subdivisions for restrictive practices in industries and fields
                                       of enterprise other than extractive, manufacturing,
                                       construction
                                           Add to base number 338.8261 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                           restrictive practices in publishing 338.82610705;
                                           however, for restrictive practices by combinations in the
                                           financial industries, see 332.1–332.6; for restrictive
                                           practices by combinations in real estate business, see
                                           333.33; for restrictive practices by combinations in
                                           cooperative enterprise, see 334; for restrictive practices
                                           by combinations in the insurance industry, see 368; for
                                           restrictive practices by combinations in commerce,
                                           communications, transportation, see 380                                     338 Economics
                                                                                                       338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.826 2–.826 9       *‡Restrictive practices in extractive, manufacturing, construction
                             industries and fields of enterprise
                                 Add to base number 338.826 the numbers following 6 in 620–690,
                                 e.g., restrictive practices by combinations engaged in computer
                                 engineering 338.8262139; however, for restrictive practices by
                                 combinations engaged in energy production, see 333.79; for
                                 restrictive practices by cooperatives, see 334                                        338 Economics
                                                                                                       338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




>               [338.83–338.87*‡Specific forms of combinations and their practices
                       Class international combinations regardless of form in 338.88; class
                       comprehensive works in 338.8                                                                    338 Economics
                                                                                                       338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.83        *‡Mergers
                          Class here acquisitions, amalgamations                                                       338 Economics
                                                                                                       338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.836            *‡Mergers in specific industries, groups of industries, fields of
                         enterprise                                                                                    338 Economics
                                                                                                       338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.836 01–.836 09]        *‡Standard subdivisions
                                    Do not use; class in 338.8301–338.8309                                             338 Economics
                                                                                                       338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.836 1              *‡Mergers in industries and fields of enterprise other than extractive,
                             manufacturing, construction
                                 Class here service industries                                                         338 Economics
                                                                                                       338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.836 100 01–.836 100 09           *‡Standard subdivisions




                                                   113
338                                 DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                         338
                                                                                                                         338 Economics
                                                                                                         338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.836 100 1–.836 199 9            *‡Subdivisions for mergers in industries and fields of enterprise
                                          other than extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                              Add to base number 338.8361 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                              mergers of publishers 338.83610705; however, for
                                              mergers of financial institutions, see 332.1–332.6; for
                                              mergers of real estate business enterprises, see 333.33; for
                                              mergers of cooperatives, see 334; for mergers of
                                              enterprises in the insurance industry, see 368.0065; for
                                              mergers of enterprises engaged in commerce,
                                              communications, transportation, see 380                                    338 Economics
                                                                                                         338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.836 2–.836 9          *‡Mergers in extractive, manufacturing, construction industries and fields
                                of enterprise
                                   Add to base number 338.836 the numbers following 6 in 620–690,
                                   e.g., mergers of automotive companies 338.836292; however, for
                                   mergers of enterprises engaged in energy production, see 333.79;
                                   for mergers of cooperatives, see 334                                                  338 Economics
                                                                                                         338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.85          *‡Trusts                                                                                             338 Economics
                                                                                                         338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.86          *‡Holding companies                                                                                  338 Economics
                                                                                                         338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.87          *‡Informal arrangements
                            Including cartels, interlocking directorates, pools                                          338 Economics
                                                                                                         338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.88          *‡Multinational business enterprises
                            Class here foreign-owned and mostly foreign-owned enterprises,
                            enterprises with mostly international operations                                             338 Economics
                                                                                                         338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




                                       SUMMARY
                 [338.880 9                  History and biography
                    [.881                 Growth, expansion, power
                    [.883                 Role in international economic development
                    [.884                 Restrictive practices and their control
                    [.887                 Multinational business enterprises in specific industries, groups of
                                             industries, fields
                    [.888                 Multinational business enterprises by location of operations
                    [.889                 Multinational business enterprises by location of owners                       338 Economics
                                                                                                         338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.880 9                 *‡History and biography
                                   Do not use for geographic treatment; class in 338.888–338.889                         338 Economics
                                                                                                         338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.881            *‡Growth, expansion, power
                                Standard subdivisions are added for any or all topics in heading
                                Class growth, expansion, power of multinational enterprises engaged in
                                specific fields in 338.887
                                   See also 322.3 for political influence of multinational enterprises                   338 Economics
                                                                                                         338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.881 09                   *‡History and biography
                                       Do not use for geographic treatment; class in 338.888–338.889



                                                      114
338                                          Economics                                             338
                                                                                                                   338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.883         *‡Role in international economic development
                            Class role in international economic development of multinational
                            enterprises engaged in specific fields in 338.887                                      338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.883 09               *‡History and biography
                                   Do not use for geographic treatment; class in 338.888–338.889                   338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.884         *‡Restrictive practices and their control
                            Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                            Class here international monopoly, oligopoly
                            Class restrictive practices of multinational enterprises engaged in
                            specific fields in 338.887                                                             338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.884 09               *‡History and biography
                                   Do not use for geographic treatment; class in 338.888–338.889                   338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.887         *‡Multinational business enterprises in specific industries, groups of
                      industries, fields                                                                           338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.887 01–.887 08]      *‡Standard subdivisions
                                   Do not use; class in 338.8801–338.8808                                          338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.887 09]              *‡History
                                   Do not use for history; class in 338.8809. Do not use for
                                   geographic treatment; class in 338.888–338.889                                  338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.887 092]                 *‡Biography
                                      Do not use; class in 338.88092                                               338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.887 1             *‡Multinational business enterprises in industries and fields of enterprise
                            other than extractive, manufacturing, construction
                                Class here service industries                                                      338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.887 100 01–.887 100 09           *‡Standard subdivisions                                                   338 Economics
                                                                                                   338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.887 100 1–.887 199 9        *‡Subdivisions for multinational business enterprises in
                                      industries and fields of enterprise other than extractive,
                                      manufacturing, construction
                                           Add to base number 338.8871 notation 001–999, e.g.,
                                           multinational enterprises engaged in advertising
                                           338.88716591; however, for multinational enterprises in
                                           financial industries, see 332.1–332.6; for multinational
                                           enterprises in real estate business, see 333.33; for
                                           multinational cooperatives, see 334; for multinational
                                           enterprises in the insurance industry, see 368.0065; for
                                           multinational enterprises in commerce, communications,
                                           transportation, see 380




                                                  115
338                             DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                          338
                                                                                                                      338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.887 2–.887 9      *‡Multinational business enterprises in extractive, manufacturing,
                            construction industries and fields of enterprise
                                Add to base number 338.887 the numbers following 6 in 620–690,
                                e.g., multinational enterprises engaged in mining petroleum and
                                natural gas 338.88722338; however, for multinational enterprises
                                engaged in energy production, see 333.79; for multinational
                                cooperatives, see 334                                                                 338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.888            *‡Multinational business enterprises by location of operations
                            Class multinational enterprises in specific industries and groups of
                            industries in 338.887; class multinational enterprises by location of
                            owners in 338.889                                                                         338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.888 01–.888 08]      *‡Standard subdivisions
                                   Do not use; class in 338.8801–338.8808                                             338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.888 09]              *‡History
                                   Do not use; class in 338.8809                                                      338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.888 091]                 *‡Areas, regions, places in general
                                      Do not use; class in 338.8881                                                   338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.888 092]                 *‡Biography
                                      Do not use; class in 338.88092                                                  338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.888 093–.888 099]        *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                      Do not use; class in 338.8883–338.8889                                          338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.888 1             *‡Multinational business enterprises in areas, regions, places in general
                                Add to base number 333.8881 the numbers following —1 in
                                notation 11–19 from Table 2, e.g., multinational enterprises in
                                developing countries 338.8881724                                                      338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.888 3–.888 9      *‡Multinational enterprises in specific continents, countries, localities
                                Add to base number 338.888 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                                multinational enterprises in Europe 338.8884                                          338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.889            *‡Multinational business enterprises by location of owners
                            Class multinational enterprises in specific industries or groups of
                            industries in 338.887; class multinational enterprises in a specific area
                            without regard to location of owners in 338.888                                           338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.889 01–.889 08]      *‡Standard subdivisions
                                   Do not use; class in 338.8801–338.8808                                             338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.889 09]              *‡History
                                   Do not use; class in 338.8809                                                      338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




      [.889 091]                 *‡Areas, regions, places in general
                                      Do not use; class in 338.8891


                                                  116
 338                                           Economics                                             338
                                                                                                                     338 Economics
                                                                                                     338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.889 092]                  *‡Biography
                                         Do not use; class in 338.88092                                              338 Economics
                                                                                                     338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.889 093–.889 099]         *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                         Do not use; class in 338.8893–338.8899                                      338 Economics
                                                                                                     338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.889 1              *‡Multinational business enterprises by owners residing in areas, regions,
                              places in general
                                  Add to base number 338.8891 the numbers following —1 in
                                  notation 11–19 from Table 2, e.g., multinational enterprises owned
                                  by citizens of developing countries 338.8891724; then, for area in
                                  which enterprise is located, add 0* and to the result add notation
                                  1–9 from Table 2, e.g., multinational enterprises owned by citizens
                                  of developing countries and located in Africa 338.889172406                        338 Economics
                                                                                                     338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.889 3–.889 9       *‡Multinational business enterprises by owners residing in specific
                              continents, countries, localities
                                  Add to base number 338.889 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                                  multinational enterprises owned by United States nationals
                                  338.88973; then, for area in which enterprise is located, add 0* and
                                  to the result add notation 1–9 from Table 2, e.g., multinational
                                  enterprises owned by United States nationals in Canada
                                  338.88973071                                                                       338 Economics
                                                                                                     338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.9       *‡Economic development and growth
                        Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                        Including autarky and interdependence
                        Class here economic planning, government policies and programs
                           For economic development and growth with respect to specific kinds of
                           industries, see 338.1–338.4. For economic development and growth with
                           respect to a specific subject not provided for here, see the subject, e.g.,
                           international development banks 332.153
                           See also 330.124 for planned economies                                                    338 Economics
                                                                                                     338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.900 1–.900 8       *‡Standard subdivisions                                                                  338 Economics
                                                                                                     338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.900 9              *‡History, geographic treatment, biography                                               338 Economics
                                                                                                     338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.900 93–.900 99]        *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                     Do not use; class in 338.93–338.99                                              338 Economics
                                                                                                     338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.91         *‡International development and growth
                           Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                           Class here assistance by international organizations, foreign aid, technical
                           assistance
                           Class foreign economic policies and relations of specific jurisdictions and
                           groups of jurisdictions in 337.3–337.9

*Add 00 for standard subdivisions; see instructions at beginning of Table 1

                                                    117
 338                               DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                       338
                                                                                                                      338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.910 91                 *‡Areas, regions, places in general
                                      Do not use for assistance given by specific groups of
                                      jurisdictions in areas, regions, places in general to other
                                      jurisdictions; class in 338.911
                                      Class here assistance given to specific groups of jurisdictions in
                                      areas, regions, places in general                                               338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.910 93–.910 99         *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                      Do not use for assistance given by specific jurisdictions and
                                      groups of jurisdictions to other jurisdictions; class in
                                      338.913–338.919
                                      Class here assistance given to specific jurisdictions and groups
                                      of jurisdictions                                                                338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.911             *‡International assistance by specific groups of jurisdictions in areas,
                           regions, places in general
                               Add to base number 338.911 the numbers following —1 in notation
                               11–19 from Table 2, e.g., assistance by countries where Arabs
                               predominate 338.91174927; then, for assistance by a specific group of
                               jurisdictions to another group of jurisdictions or to a specific
                               jurisdiction, add 0* and to the result add notation 1–9 from Table 2,
                               e.g., assistance by Arab countries to Africa 338.9117492706                            338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.913–.919        *‡International assistance by specific jurisdictions and groups of
                           jurisdictions in specific continents, countries, localities
                               Add to base number 338.91 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g., assistance
                               by United Kingdom 338.9141; then, for assistance by a specific
                               jurisdiction or group of jurisdictions to another jurisdiction or group of
                               jurisdictions, add 0* and again add notation 1–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                               assistance by United Kingdom to Nigeria 338.91410669                                   338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.92         *‡Specific policies                                                                               338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.920 1–.920 8]      *‡Standard subdivisions
                                  Do not use; class in 338.9001–338.9008                                              338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.920 9]             *‡History, geographic treatment, biography
                                  Do not use; class in 338.9009                                                       338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.920 93–.920 99]        *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                      Do not use; class in 338.93–338.99                                              338 Economics
                                                                                                      338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.922             *†Subsidies and grants
                               Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                               Including government loans



*Add 00 for standard subdivisions; see instructions at beginning of Table 1
†Do not use notation 093–099 from Table 1 for specific policies in specific areas; class in
 338.93–338.99

                                                     118
 338                                              Economics                                              338
                                                                                                                         338 Economics
                                                                                                         338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.924               *†Nationalization
                                  Class here expropriation                                                               338 Economics
                                                                                                         338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.925               *†Privatization
                                  Class here denationalization                                                           338 Economics
                                                                                                         338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.926               *†Information policy
                                  Class here science policy, technology transfer
                                     See Manual at 338.926 vs. 352.745, 500                                              338 Economics
                                                                                                         338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.927               *†Appropriate technology
                                  Class here alternative technology, environmental economics,
                                  sustainable development                                                                338 Economics
                                                                                                         338 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 338




       [.93–.99      *‡Economic development and growth in specific continents, countries,
                       localities
                              Add to base number 338.9 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g., economic
                              policies of United Kingdom 338.941; then add 0* and to the result add the
                              numbers following 338.92 in 338.922–338.927, e.g., subsidies in United
                              Kingdom 338.94102
                                  Subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading                            339 Economics
                                                                                                         339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




[339          *‡Macroeconomics and related topics
                    Standard subdivisions are added for macroeconomics and related topics together,
                    for macroeconomics alone
                           For economic fluctuations, see 338.54
                           See Manual at 332, 336 vs. 339                                                                339 Economics
                                                                                                         339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




                                         SUMMARY
                  [339.2              Distribution of income and wealth
                     [.3              Product and income accounts
                     [.4              Factors affecting income and wealth
                     [.5              Macroeconomic policy                                                               339 Economics
                                                                                                         339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




       [.2      *‡Distribution of income and wealth
                           Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                           Class product and income accounts in 339.3; class factors affecting income and
                           wealth in 339.4; class income redistribution in 339.52; class transfer payments
                           in 339.522                                                                                    339 Economics
                                                                                                         339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




       [.21          *‡Distribution of income and wealth among factors of production
                              Factors of production: land, labor, capital, entrepreneurship, corporate
                              profits
                              Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading



*Add 00 for standard subdivisions; see instructions at beginning of Table 1

                                                       119
339                               DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      339
                                                                                                                    339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.22       *‡Distribution of aggregate personal income and wealth
                          Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                          Class here consumer income, household income
                          Class income in relation to consumption, household budget, in 339.41;
                          class poverty in 339.46                                                                   339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.23       *‡Input-output analysis (Interindustry analysis)
                          Including data on specific industries                                                     339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.26       *‡Flow-of-funds accounts                                                                           339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.3     *‡Product and income accounts
                          For distribution of income and wealth, see 339.2; for factors affecting
                          income and wealth, see 339.4                                                              339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.309 3–.309 9]      *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                 Do not use for specific countries and localities; class in
                                 339.33–339.39                                                                      339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.31       *‡Product accounts
                          Class here gross domestic product (GDP), gross national product (GNP)
                             For net national product (NNP), see 339.32                                             339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.310 93–.310 99]       *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                    Do not use for specific countries and localities; class in
                                    339.33–339.39
                                    Treatment by specific continents relocated to 339.33–339.39                     339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.32       *‡Income accounts
                          Class here net national product (NNP), national income (NI), personal
                          income (PI), disposable personal income (DPI)
                             For distribution of aggregate personal income, see 339.22                              339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.320 93–.320 99]       *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                    Do not use for specific countries and localities; class in
                                    339.33–339.39                                                                   339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.33–.39   *‡Product and income accounts of specific continents, countries,
                   localities
                          Class here product accounts of specific continents, income accounts of
                          specific continents
                          Add to base number 339.3 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g., gross national
                          product of United States 339.373
                             Subdivisions are added for product accounts, income accounts, or both




                                                   120
339                                     Economics                                             339
                                                                                                              339 Economics
                                                                                              339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.4    *‡Factors affecting income and wealth
                 Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                    For economic stabilization, see 339.5                                                     339 Economics
                                                                                              339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.41     *‡Income in relation to consumption
                    Including acceleration principle, consumer responses to decreases and
                    increases in income, household budgets as a measure of relation of income
                    to consumption
                    Class purchasing power, effect of prices on consumption in 339.42; class
                    multiplier, relation of consumption and savings, in 339.43
                        See also 658.834 for consumer research in marketing management                        339 Economics
                                                                                              339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.42     *‡Cost of living
                    Including effect of rising costs of specific commodities on consumers
                    Class here purchasing power, effect of prices on consumers
                    Class price statistics and indexes in 338.528
                        For purchasing power of money, see 332.41                                             339 Economics
                                                                                              339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.43     *‡Savings and investment
                    Standard subdivisions are added for either or both topics in heading
                    Including multiplier, relation of consumption and savings
                    Class here capital formation
                    Class interdisciplinary works on capital formation and saving in 332.0415                 339 Economics
                                                                                              339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.46     *‡Poverty
                    Class here economic causes of poverty
                    Class comprehensive works on poverty in 362.5                                             339 Economics
                                                                                              339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.47     *‡Consumption (Spending)
                    Class here standard of living, interdisciplinary works on consumption
                    Class consumption in relation to income in 339.41; class consumption in
                    relation to cost of living in 339.42; class consumption in relation to savings
                    and investment in 339.43; class consumption in relation to poverty in
                    339.46; class government spending in 339.522; class consumption as a
                    measure of marketing opportunities or volume and value of trade in 381
                        For sociology of consumption, see 306.3; for consumption as utilization
                        of natural resources and energy, see 333.713; for consumption of
                        specific products and services, of specific groups of products and
                        services, see 339.48
                        See also 658.834 for consumer research in marketing management                        339 Economics
                                                                                              339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.48     *‡Consumption of specific products and services, of specific groups of
                 products and services


                                             121
339                               DeweyiDecimaliClassification                                      339
                                                                                                                    339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.480 001–.480 009]         *‡Standard subdivisions
                                        Do not use; class in 339.4701–339.4709                                      339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.480 01–.489 99        *‡Subdivisions for consumption of specific products and services, of
                                specific groups of products and services
                                    Add to base number 339.48 notation 001–999, e.g., consumption
                                    of agricultural products 339.4863; however, for consumption in
                                    the sense of utilization of specific natural resources, see
                                    333.7–333.9                                                                     339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.49         *‡Conservation of economic resources
                          Economic resources: the sum total of economic resources of a nation or
                          other area, e.g., natural resources, human resources, resources that result
                          from human activities
                             For conservation of natural resources, see 333.72                                      339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.490 91]               *‡Areas, regions, places in general
                                    Do not use; class in 339.491                                                    339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.490 93–.490 99]       *‡Specific continents, countries, localities
                                    Do not use; class in 339.493–339.499                                            339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.491           *‡Conservation of economic resources in areas, regions, places in
                        general
                             Add to base number 339.491 the numbers following —1 in notation
                             11–19 from Table 2, e.g., conservation of economic resources of
                             developing countries 339.491724                                                        339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.493–.499      *‡Conservation of economic resources in specific continents,
                        countries, localities
                             Add to base number 339.49 notation 3–9 from Table 2, e.g.,
                             conservation of economic resources of India 339.4954                                   339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.5     *‡Macroeconomic policy
                     Class here incomes policy (wage-price policy), economic stabilization and
                     growth, equilibrium, full employment policy
                     Class wage-price policies of specific jurisdictions in 331.29
                          For wage policy, see 331.21; for measures to combat inflation, see
                          332.415; for price policy, see 338.52; for measures to control economic
                          fluctuations, see 338.543; for measures to promote growth and
                          development, see 338.9                                                                    339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.52         *‡Use of fiscal policy
                          Class here income redistribution                                                          339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.522           *‡Government spending
                             Including transfer payments                                                            339 Economics
                                                                                                    339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.523           *‡Budget surpluses and deficits


                                                   122
339                                   Economics                                              339
                                                                                                             339 Economics
                                                                                             339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.525     *‡Taxes                                                                                      339 Economics
                                                                                             339 DeweyiDecimaliClassification 339




      [.53    *‡Use of monetary policy
                   Including discount rates, reserve requirements, open-market operations,
                   regulation of bank credit
                   Class comprehensive works on relation of central banks to monetary policy
                   in 332.112; class comprehensive works on monetary policy in 332.46




                                           123
330                ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification                                                                  [

                                                                                                                         [ Economics 330
                                                                                        330 ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification [




330 vs. 650, 658
          Business
          Use 330 for works on business that present general information, economic condi-
          tions, financial information (such as interest rates), and reports on what certain
          companies are doing. Use 650 for works on business that emphasize practical
          managerial information and that cover 651 Office services as well as 658 General
          management. Use 658 if the work is limited to management. Use 330 for compre-
          hensive works on 330 and 650. If in doubt, prefer 330.                                                         [ Economics 331
                                                                                        331 ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification [




331.120424 vs. 331.1377
          Full employment policies vs. Prevention and relief of unemployment
          Use 331.120424 for works on government labor policies and programs wider
          than simply combating unemployment, e.g., public service employment as a
          measure to provide both jobs for the unemployed and assistance to distressed ar-
          eas and state and local governments. Use 331.1377 for works on government la-
          bor policies and programs that discuss them solely in terms of prevention and
          relief of unemployment. If in doubt, prefer 331.120424.                                                        [ Economics 332
                                                                                        332 ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification [




332, 336 vs. 339
          Macroeconomics
          Use 332 and 336 for works on economic topics considered in their own right,
          e.g., monetary activities of central banks 332.112. Use 339 if the topics are dis-
          cussed in relation to the total economic picture of a country or region, since mac-
          roeconomics is the study of the economy as a whole, especially with reference to
          its general level of output and income and the interrelationships among sectors of
          the economy, e.g., activities of central banks undertaken primarily to carry out
          macroeconomic policy 339.53. If in doubt, prefer 332 and 336.                                                  [ Economics 332
                                                                                        332 ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification [




332 vs. 338, 658.15
          Financial topics in production economics and financial management
          Use 332 for works discussing financial topics from the viewpoint of people or or-
          ganizations with money to invest and those who serve them—investors, bankers,
          stockbrokers, and the like. Use 338 for works discussing financial topics from the
          viewpoint of people concerned with the production of goods and services, or who
          are interested in capital because it is necessary for production. For example, use
          332.6722 (domestic investment in specific types of enterprise) for a work dis-
          cussing whether mining is a safe and profitable field of investment for the general
          public; but use 338.23 (financial aspects of extraction of minerals) for a work dis-
          cussing whether the mining industry will attract enough investment to expand
          production. Use 658.15 (or the subject plus notation 0681 from Table 1) for
          works discussing financial topics from the viewpoint of an executive responsible


                                           124
[                                     Economics                                                      332

          for the financial management of an organization, or works that focus narrowly on
          managerial concerns. If in doubt, prefer 332.                                                                  [ Economics 332
                                                                                        332 ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification [




332.632044 vs. 332.6323
          Gilt-edged securities
          Use 332.632044 for works on all types of gilt-edged securities. In American us-
          age the term may refer to any security of exceptionally high quality, or it may re-
          fer primarily to high-quality bonds. Use 332.6323 for works only on bonds. Use
          332.63232 also for British works on gilt-edged securities, as in British usage the
          term refers to government bonds. If in doubt, prefer 332.632044.                                               [ Economics 332
                                                                                        332 ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification [




332.6322 vs. 332.6323
          Stocks
          Use 332.6322 for stocks in the sense of shares (American usage), but use
          332.6323 for stocks in the sense of bonds (British usage). If in doubt, prefer
          332.6322.                                                                                                      [ Economics 333
                                                                                        333 ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification [




333.7–.9 vs. 363.1, 363.73, 577
          Social aspects of ecology
          Use numbers in 300 rather than 577 for works on ecology and specific natural en-
          vironments that discuss public policy and resource economics rather than biol-
          ogy. Class works on natural resource management, environmental impacts and
          monitoring, risk assessment, development, conservation and biodiversity as fol-
          lows:
             1. Natural resource management: Use 333.7 or the number for the specific re-
             source, e.g., management of wetlands 333.918.
             2. Environmental impacts and monitoring:
               A. The resource situation in general: Use 333.7 or the number for the spe-
               cific resource (without adding any further subdivisions), e.g., monitoring
               biodiversity 333.95;
               B. Environmental impacts: Use 333.714 or the number for the specific re-
               source plus notation 14 from the table under 333.7–.9, e.g., monitoring the
               impact of reclamation projects on wetlands 333.91814;
               C. Pollution levels: Use 363.7363 or the number for the specific kind of
               pollutant or environment plus notation 63 from table under 362–363, e.g.,
               monitoring oil pollution 363.738263. (However, use 333.7–.9 as in-
               structed under 2. B. above for the impact of pollution, e.g., monitoring the
               impact of oil pollution on wetlands 333.91814);
               D. Potential environmental impacts: Class with the development whose
               impact is being studied, e.g., the potential impact of an oil pipeline on tun-
               dra ecology 388.55.


                                            125
333                  ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification                                                                   [

             3. Risk assessment:
               A. Generalized risks to the environment: Class as an impact study in
               333.714 or the number for the specific resource plus notation 14 from the
               table under 333.7–.9, e.g., contemporary risks to wetlands of America
               333.918140973;
               B. Safety risks: Use the subdivision for the specific threat in 363.1 plus
               notation 72 from the table under 362–363, e.g., assessing the risk to hu-
               mans of pesticides in food 363.19272;
               C. Risks of specific developments: Class with the specific development as
               a study of potential impacts, e.g., assessing the risk of tourism to biodiver-
               sity in East Africa 916.7604.
             4. Development: Use 333.715 or the number for the specific resource plus no-
             tation 15 from the table under 333.7–.9, e.g., hydroelectric power develop-
             ment 333.91415.
             5. Conservation: Use 333.72 or the number for the specific resource plus nota-
             tion 16 from the table under 333.7–.9, e.g., conservation of biodiversity
             333.9516.
             6. Biodiversity: Use 333.95 (especially for works emphasizing its value or im-
             portance).
          If in doubt, prefer in the following order: 333.7–.9, 363.1, 363.73, 577.
          See also discussion at 363.73 vs. 571.95, 577.27.                                                                 [ Economics 333
                                                                                           333 ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification [




333.7–.9 vs. 363.6
          Natural resources and energy vs. Public utilities
          Use 333.7–.9 for comprehensive works on resources, projection of needs and
          supplies, development, conservation and protection of resources. Use 363.6 for
          works on problems and services related to utilities distributing and delivering the
          resources to users. Use 333.7–.9 for "supply" as a noun, but use 363.6 for "sup-
          ply" as a verb. If in doubt, prefer 333.7–.9.
          However, use 333.7932 for a work about distribution of electrical power by utili-
          ties if the work emphasizes the problems of developing the supply of electricity,
          says little about the problems of distributing the electricity to customers, and
          does not discuss prices without reference to production costs.
          Use 333.717 or a number for a specific resource in 333.7–.9 plus notation 17
          from the table under 333.7–.9 for works on the rationing of natural resources still
          in their natural state, but use 363 for works on the rationing of final products, e.g.,
          wellhead allocation of natural gas for companies or jurisdictions 333.823317, but
          rationing of natural gas among consumers or classes of consumers at the other
          end of the line 363.63. If in doubt, prefer 333.717 and numbers for specific re-
          sources in 333.7–.9.




                                             126
[                                     Economics                                                      333
                                                                                                                         [ Economics 333
                                                                                        333 ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification [




333.7–.9 vs. 508, 913–919, 930–990
          National parks and monuments
          Use 333.7–.9 for works on national parks where the main attraction is nature if
          the emphasis is on conservation and protection of natural resources, e.g., forest
          parks 333.784, game reserves 333.954916. Use 508 or other numbers in 500 if
          the emphasis is on description of and guides to natural phenomena, e.g., a com-
          prehensive guide to the natural history of Yellowstone National Park 508.78752,
          a guide to the geology of Yellowstone 557.8752.
          Use 913–919, plus notation 04 from the table under 913–919 followed by nota-
          tion for the historical period when the guidebook was written, for general guide-
          books to all the national parks of an area, e.g., a 1989 general guidebook to the
          national parks of South America 918.0438.
          Class general works about historical monuments with the events commemorated.
          For example, class a battlefield national park with the battle, e.g., Gettysburg Na-
          tional Military Park 973.7349. Class a park associated with the life of an individ-
          ual in the biography number for that individual, e.g., Lyndon B. Johnson
          National Historical Park 973.923092, George Washington Carver National
          Monument 630.92.
          If in doubt, prefer in the following order: 333.7–.9; 508 and other numbers in
          500; 930–990; 913–919.
          See also discussion at 913–919: Historic sites and buildings; also at 913–919:
          Add table: 04: Guidebooks; also at 930–990: Wars; also at 930–990: Historic
          preservation.                                                                                                  [ Economics 333
                                                                                        333 ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification [




333.72 vs. 304.28, 320.58, 363.7
          Environmentalism
          Use 333.72 for works on environmentalism discussing the broader concept of
          preserving and protecting the supply as well as the quality of natural resources
          and for works about the environmental movement that focus on the concerns it
          shares with the long established conservation movement. Use 304.28 for works
          that emphasize the effect upon society of overuse, misuse, or pollution of the en-
          vironment. Use 320.58 for works that emphasize the political ideologies of envi-
          ronmentalism. Use 363.7 for works on preserving and restoring the quality of the
          social living space, i.e., taking care of wastes, pollution, noise, the dead, and
          pests. If in doubt, prefer in the following order: 333.72, 304.28, 363.7, 320.58.                              [ Economics 333
                                                                                        333 ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification [




333.73–.78 vs. 333, 333.1–.5
          Natural resources vs. Land economics
          Use 333.73–.78 for works on land as a natural resource, as a source of economic
          goods (chiefly agricultural and mineral), and for works on the usage of the land
          and its resources. Use 333.73–.78, plus notation 17 from the add table under


                                            127
333                ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification                                                                   [

          333.7–.9, for works on control of usage regardless of who owns the land, e.g.,
          price control, zoning. Use 333.73 for comprehensive works on land policy.
          Use 333.73–.78 for land inventories, which often focus on land as a resource and
          land usage.
          Use 333 for comprehensive works on land and on natural resources only if the
          works contain substantial discussion of ownership. It is more common for com-
          prehensive works on land to contain substantial discussion of ownership than
          comprehensive works on other natural resources. Use 333.7–.9 for comprehen-
          sive works on natural resources that treat predominantly nonownership aspects.
          If in doubt, prefer 333.7–.9.
          Use 333.1–.5 for land as property, where the central issues are the right to posses-
          sion and use, and the right to transfer possession and use. Use 333.1–.5 for con-
          trol of land only if the control is the kind that stems from ownership.
          Use 333 for comprehensive works on both 333.1–.5 and 333.73–.78 with respect
          to land only if the works contain substantial discussion of ownership. Use
          333.1–.5 for works on the right to use land and its resources. If in doubt, prefer in
          the following order: 333.73–.78, 333.1–.5, 333.                                                                 [ Economics 333
                                                                                         333 ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification [




333.955–.959 vs. 639.97
          Conservation and management of specific kinds of animals
          Conservation and resource management are primarily economic concepts. Use
          333.955–.959 for works on conservation of specific kinds of animals if the works
          discuss public policy and programs; give estimates or statistics of populations,
          abundance, harvest, catches, and kills; make appeals for resource management;
          and issue calls to protect an animal or save it from extinction. Use 639.97 for
          works that discuss agricultural methods and techniques and how to carry them
          out.
          A few terms used in conservation work are troublesome because they may refer
          to either economics or technology. Use 333.955–.959 for works on rescue, rein-
          troduction, management, and habitat improvement of specific kinds of animals,
          if the works are focused on programs and the rationale behind the activities. Use
          639.97 only if the work is focused on hands-on activities where the animals are
          living.
          If in doubt, prefer 333.955–.959.                                                                               [ Economics 335
                                                                                         335 ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification [




335 vs. 306.345, 320.53
          Socialism and related systems in economics, sociology, and political theory
          Use 335 for interdisciplinary works on socialism and related systems, and works
          on their philosophic foundations, since they are based upon theories of how the
          economy does or should work. Use 335 also for wide-ranging works that do not
          fit within normal disciplinary boundaries but are clearly about socialism and re-
          lated systems. Use 335 also for works discussing how another economic system
          should be reorganized into a socialist system.


                                            128
[                                     Economics                                                       337

          Use 306.345 only for sociological studies of how socialist economic systems
          work out in practice.
          Use 320.53 for works that emphasize how political movements intend to intro-
          duce socialism and what political forces they expect to harness to attain and keep
          power, or that discuss political movements and forces without in-depth discus-
          sion of the economic dynamics or theory.
          Works in 320.53 and 335 may include material that is prescriptive, that says how
          society, the economy, or the political system ought to be organized. If in doubt,
          prefer 335.                                                                                                     [ Economics 337
                                                                                         337 ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification [




337.3–.9 vs. 337.1
          Foreign economic policies and relations of specific jurisdictions and
          groups of jurisdictions vs. Multilateral economic cooperation
          Use 337.3–.9 for works on relations between a cooperative group treated as a
          whole and other countries or groups, e.g., economic relations of the European
          Union with Japan 337.4052, economic relations of the European Union with the
          rest of the world 337.4. Use 337.1 for works on cooperative relations among the
          states of multistate groups, e.g., cooperation within the European Union 337.142.
          If in doubt, prefer 337.3–.9.                                                                                   [ Economics 338
                                                                                         338 ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification [




338.091–.099 vs. 332.67309, 338.6042
          Location of industry and investment
          Use 338.091–.099 for works showing where industry is in fact located, i.e., for
          works that consider location as a condition. Use 338.6042 for works on the ra-
          tionale for and the process of locating business organizations, i.e., for works that
          consider location as an action.
          Use 332.67309 for works describing the advantages and disadvantages of mak-
          ing international investments, including establishing international enterprises, in
          particular areas.
          If in doubt, prefer 338.091–.099.                                                                               [ Economics 338
                                                                                         338 ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification [




338.092
          Business biography
          Use 338.0922 for collected biography of businesspeople in many fields. Use
          338.040922 for collected biography of entrepreneurs in many fields.
          Use 338.1–.4 for biographies of business leaders not limited to a specific enter-
          prise but limited to a specific field, e.g., business leaders in the automotive manu-
          facturing industry 338.4762920922. Use 338.6–.8 for biographies of people
          associated with the development and operation of specific types of enterprises
          but not confined to a specific industry or group of industries, e.g., small-business
          owners 338.6420922, people associated with trusts 338.850922. Use 338.70922
          for biographies of company directors on the boards of companies in several in-
          dustries or groups of industries. Use 338.76 for a biography of an entrepreneur or

                                              129
338                 ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification                                                                   [

          business leader associated with a specific business enterprise, e.g., the founder of
          a cosmetics manufacturing company 338.766855092.                                                                 [ Economics 338
                                                                                          338 ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification [




338.1 vs. 631.558
          Crop yields
          Use 338.1 for works on crop yields that are compilations giving the total produc-
          tion of an area. Use 338.16 for works on yields per unit of area if they are taken as
          indicators of production efficiency, either of agricultural systems using various
          methods (e.g., crop rotation) or of agricultural systems prevailing in various ar-
          eas. Use 631.558 only for works that have little or no economic or testing impli-
          cations, e.g., lists of record yields of various crops. Class with the subject in
          agriculture if yield studies per unit of area are used in technical tests of varieties
          or specific production techniques, e.g., yield tests of fertilizer 631.80287. If in
          doubt, prefer 338.1.                                                                                             [ Economics 338
                                                                                          338 ManualioniUseiofiDeweyiDecimaliClassification [




338.926 vs. 352.745, 500
          Science policy
          Science policy generally focuses on what society should do to promote the utili-
          zation of science and the growth of industries and activities based on science.
          Use 338.926 for works on science policy regarded as a policy or program to pro-
          mote economic development and growth (use similar numbers in 338.93–.99 for
          science policy for economic development in specific areas, e.g., Europe
          338.9406). Use 352.745 (and similar numbers in 352–354, built with 352.745)
          for works on public administration of science policy. Use 354.274 for works that
          emphasize administration of economic development. In the absence of a focus on
          the social sciences, use 509 for natural science policy in an area. If in doubt, pre-
          fer 338.926.




                                            130
                                          RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                  ____
I 401(a) plans                    332.024 01          African Americans
 401(k) plans                     332.024 014 5      N labor economics                   331.639 607 3
I 403(b) plans                    332.024 01          African elephant
                                                        resource economics               333.959 674
                       A                              Age discrimination in
                                                          employment                     331.398 133
 Aboriginal Australians                              I Agency costs                      332.6
E labor economics                  331.639 915        Agency shop                        331.889 2
 Absentee ownership                                   Agricultural assistance
  land economics                   333.4                production economics             338.18
 Absenteeism                       331.259 88         Agricultural banks                 332.31
  labor economics                  331.259 88         Agricultural commodities           338.17
NAbstracting and indexing                                see also Agricultural products
      services industry            338.470 253        Agricultural cooperative
I                                  338.470 253            credit associations            334.2
I Academic spin-outs               338.926            Agricultural cooperatives     334.683
 Acceleration principle                              N economics                         334.683
     (Macroeconomics)              339.41             Agricultural credit                332.71
 Accelerator effect                                     production economics             338.18
     (Macroeconomics)              339.41             Agricultural economics             338.1
 Acceptances (Commercial                              Agricultural enterprises           338.763
     paper)                        332.77             Agricultural industries            338.1
  exchange medium                  332.55               economics                        338.1
 Acquisition of corporations 338.83                  N strikes (work stoppages)          331.892 83
    see also Mergers                                 N United States                     338.109 73
 Acquisition of real property 333.33                 I Agricultural intensification 338.162
  economics                        333.33             Agricultural lands                 333.76
     private ownership             333.33               economics                        333.76
     public ownership              333.13                 sale and rental                333.335
 Acreage allotments                338.18            I Agricultural landscape
I Adaptive harvest management                              management                    333.76
                             333.954 17               Agricultural machinery
I Adaptive natural resource                             shortages
      management                   333.7                  economics                      338.14
 Added-value tax                   336.271 4          Agricultural price supports
N public finance                   336.271 4            economics                        338.18
I Adjustment costs                 338.514 2          Agricultural productivity     338.16
 Administrative revenues                              Agricultural products              338.17
  public finance                   336.16               economics                        338.17
 Adolescents                                            investment economics             332.644 1
  labor economics                  331.347            Agricultural workers
I Aerial photography in                                 economics                        331.763
      wildlife management          333.954 028 4      Agriculture
 Affirmative action                                     economics                        338.1
  employment                       331.133           N     United States                 338.109 73
      see also Equal employment                         energy economics                 333.796 6
          opportunity                                   enterprises                      338.763
 Afforestation                     333.751 52         Agriculture and state              338.18
  resource economics               333.751 52        N United States                     338.187 3
 AFL (Labor)                  331.883 209 73         I Agrobiodiversity                  333.95
 AFL-CIO                           331.880 973       I Agrobiodiversity conservation
 Africa                                                                            333.951 6
N economic development             338.96             Air resources                      333.92
N economic policy                  338.96               economics                        333.92

                                                   131
                                  DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                 ____
 Air rights (Real estate)                            I Angels (Investors)               332.6
   economics                         333.3            Animal diseases
   sale and rental                   333.339           agricultural economics           338.14
   zoning                            333.771 7       I Animal diversity                 333.954
 Algae                                               I Animal diversity conservation
   resource economics                333.953 8                                   333.954 16
 Alien labor                         331.62           Animal fibers
I Alien labor, Ghanaian              331.626 67        production economics             338.476 773
I Alien labor, Nepali                331.625 496     NAnimal fibers industry            338.476 773
 Alien species                       333.952 3        Animal husbandry
     see also entries beginning with Nonnative         production economics             338.176
N see also Invasive species                           Animal industry                   338.176
 Aliens                                               Animal resources                  333.954
   Ghana                                             N suburban areas              333.954 091 733
N      labor economics               331.626 67      I Animal sanctuaries               333.954 16
   labor economics                   331.62           Animals
   Nepal                                               agriculture
N      labor economics               331.625 496          production economics          338.176
I Alkali land conservation           333.73            conservation                     333.954 16
 Alligators                                                see Manual at 333.955–.959 vs.
   resource economics                333.957 984                639.97
 Allodium                            333.323 2         resource economics               333.954
 Alodium                             333.323 2       N     equipment                    333.954 028 4
 Alternative energy resources        333.794               see Manual at 333.955–.959 vs.
   economics                         333.794                    639.97
I Alternative fuel vehicle                            Annual leave                      331.257 6
       industry                 338.476 292 29        Annual wage plan                  331.236
 Alternative fuel vehicles                            Annual wages                      331.216 2
N industry                      338.476 292 29        Annuities
 Alternative technology              338.927           personal finance                 332.024 014 5
N economics                          338.927          Antelopes
NAlternative work schedules          331.257 2         resource economics               333.959 64
 Amalgamations of corporations                       NAnti-environmentalism             333.7
                                338.83               I                                  333.7
     see also Mergers                                I Anti-infective agents
 American Federation of Labor                              industry                     338.476 151
                                331.883 209 73       NAnti-union theories               331.880 1
 American Federation of Labor                        I Antifoaming agents industry      338.476 6
      and Congress of Industrial                     I Antipsychotic drugs industry
      Organizations                  331.880 973                                 338.476 157 882
 American native peoples                              Antitrust policies                338.8
   tribal land                       333.2           I Antler industry                  338.372 965
I Amines industry               338.476 618 94       N                                  338.372 965
I Amphibian declines                 333.957 811      Appeals of labor grievances 331.889 66
 Amphibians                                             see also Grievances (Labor)
   resource economics                333.957 8       I Applied ecology                  333.95
 Anarchism                           335.83          N economics                        333.95
   economics                         335.83          I Applied ethnobotany              333.953 16
 Anarchists                          335.830 92       Appraisal
 Anarcho-syndicalism                 335.82            land economics                   333.332
   economics                         335.82           Apprentices
 Anarchy                             335.83            economics                        331.55
     see also Anarchism
NAndean Group                        337.18

                                                   132
                                         RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                      ____
 Apprenticeship                   331.259 22         I Asset specificity                  338.01
  economics                       331.259 22         I Atlantic herring fisheries    338.372 745 2
     union control                331.889 6           Atomic energy                       333.792 4
 Appropriate technology           338.927               economics                         333.792 4
N economics                       338.927             Austrian school (Economics)         330.157
I Apricot industry                338.174 21          Autarchy (Economic
 Apricots                                                 self-sufficiency)              338.9
N agricultural economics          338.174 21         NAutarky (Economic
 Aquaculture                                               self-sufficiency)             338.9
  economics                       338.371 8           Automation
I Aquaculture surveys             338.371 8             agricultural economics            338.161
 Aquatic animals                                        economics                         338.064
  resource economics              333.954 8             mineral industries                338.26
I Aquatic biodiversity            333.952 8             secondary industries              338.454
I Aquatic biodiversity                                Automobile industry            338.476 292 22
       conservation               333.952 816         Automobiles
 Aquatic biological resources     333.952 8             production economics         338.476 292 22
N conservation                    333.952 816         Automotive industry                 338.476 292
 Aquatic birds                                          enterprises
  resource economics              333.958 28         N     United States             338.762 920 973
I Aquatic parks and reserves 333.784                  Automotive vehicles
 Aquatic resources                333.91                production economics             338.476 292
N economics                       333.91              Average costs                      338.514 2
NAquatic resources                                    Aye-ayes
       conservation               333.952 816           resource economics               333.959 83
I                                 333.952 816
 Arbitrage                        332.645                                    B
 Arbitration
  labor economics                 331.891 43          Babouvism (Socialist school)       335.2
I Arctic char fisheries           338.372 755 4      I Baitworm industry                 338.371 75
 Arid lands                                          N                                   338.371 75
  economics                       333.736             Balance of payments
 Armed forces                                          international banking             332.152
  energy economics                333.796             Balance sheets
 Art                                                   investment analysis               332.632 042
  investment economics            332.63              Bald eagle
 Artisans                                              resource economics                333.958 943
  labor economics                 331.794             Bank accounts                      332.175 2
 Artists                                             I Bank consortia                    332.1
  labor economics                 331.761 7          I Bank customers                    332.1
 Asbestos                                             Bank failures                      332.1
  mining                                             N United States                     332.1
     strikes (work stoppages)                         Bank for International
         Asbestos (Quebec :                               Settlements                    332.155
             Regional County                          Bank holding companies             332.16
             Municipality)                            Bank management
N          1940–1949 331.892 822 367 209 714 573     I Employee participation            331.761 332 1
090 44                                               I                                   332.106 8
I Asbestos Strike, Quebéc, 1949 331.892 822 367       Bank mergers                       332.16
209 714 573 090 44                                    Bank notes                         332.42
 Asia                                                  central banking                   332.112
N economic policy                 338.95               form of currency                  332.404 4
N industrial development          338.95
I Asset requirements              332.041

                                                   133
                               DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                             ____
 Bank reserves                 332.1              Big business                      338.644
  macroeconomic policy         339.53               economics                       338.644
  requirements                 332.113            Big game animals
 Bankers                       332.109 2            resource economics              333.959 6
 Banking                       332.1              Bighorn sheep
    see also Banks (Finance)                        resource economics              333.959 649 7
 Banking cooperatives          334.2              Bills of exchange                 332.77
 Banking services              332.17               exchange medium                 332.55
 Bankruptcy                    332.75             Bimetallism                       332.423
  credit economics             332.75            I Biocomplexity                    333.95
  public finance               336.368            Biodiversity                      333.95
 Banks (Finance)               332.1             I Climatic factors                 333.95
  credit regulation                                 conservation                    333.951 6
     macroeconomic policy      339.53            N      awards                      333.951 607 9
N labor economics              331.761 332 1     N      United States         333.951 609 73
N management                   332.106 8         I Effect of air pollution on 333.95
N marketing management         332.106 88        I Monitoring                       333.95
N United States                332.109 73           resource economics              333.95
 Bargain theory of wages       331.210 1             see Manual at 333.7–.9 vs. 363.1,
 Barter                        332.54                    363.73, 577
 Basses (Fishes)                                  Biodiversity conservation
  resource economics           333.956 73        I Awards                           333.951 607 9
 Bastiat, Frédéric                                Biological diversity              333.95
N economic school              330.153               see also Biodiversity
 Bats                                             Biological resources              333.95
I Conservation                 333.959 4            economics                       333.95
  resource economics           333.959 4          Biomass energy                    333.953 9
 Bays                                               animals                         333.954
  resource economics           333.916 4            plants                          333.953 9
 Beach erosion                                      resource economics              333.953 9
I Monitoring                   333.917            Biosphere
 Beaches                                            resource economics              333.95
  recreational resources       333.784            Biotechnology
  resource economics           333.917           N production economics             338.476 606
I Bear markets                 332.642           I Technology transfer              338.476 606
I Bear watching industry       338.475 997 8     NBiotechnology industry            338.476 606
N                              338.475 997 8      Birds
 Bears                                              resource economics              333.958
  resource economics           333.959 78        N      conservation                333.958 16
 Beavers                                          Birds of prey
  resource economics           333.959 37           resource economics              333.958 9
I Bedroom furniture industry   338.476 841        Bison
I Bee products industry        338.178 16           resource economics              333.959 643
N                              338.178 16         Bivalvia
 Beef                                               resource economics              333.955 4
  commercial processing                           Black bear
     economics                 338.476 649 2        resource economics              333.959 785
 Beef cattle                                      Black-footed ferret
  agricultural economics       338.176 213          resource economics        333.959 766 29
 Benefit societies             334.7             NBlackberry industry               338.174 713
  economics                    334.7             I                                  338.174 713
 Benevolent societies          334.7              Blacklisting (Labor)              331.894
  economics                    334.7
I Beveridge curve              331.124 021

                                               134
                                          RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                  ____
 Bleaching                                             Brokers (Securities)              332.62
   clothes and related                                I Brothels                         338.473 067 4
       materials                                       Brown bear
     industry                                            resource economics              333.959 784
N        Bolton (England :                            I Brownfields                      333.771 37
             Metropolitan Borough) 338.476 671         Brownouts                         333.793 217
             409 427 37                                Bücher, Karl
 Blind workers                     331.591               economic school                 330.154 2
N economics                        331.591            NBudget (Personal)                 332.024
 Blue collar workers               331.79              Budget deficits
   labor economics                 331.79                macroeconomic policy            339.523
     labor force                   331.119 042         Budget surpluses
     labor market                  331.129 042           macroeconomic policy            339.523
   labor unions                    331.88             NBudgets (Personal)                332.024
    see also Working class                             Buffer zones
I Blue-chip stocks                 332.632 2          N conservation                     333.72
NBlueberry industry                338.174 737        I Buffer zones (Ecosystem
 Board of Governors of the                                  management)                  333.72
     Federal Reserve System                            Building
     (U.S.)                        332.110 973           enterprises                     338.769
 Bobwhites                                                 restrictive practices         338.826 9
   resource economics              333.958 627 3      N        economics                 338.826 9
NBodybuilding industry        338.476 137 13             production economics            338.476 9
I                                  338.476 137 13      Building and loan
 Böhm-Bawerk, Eugen von                                    associations                  332.32
   economic school                 330.157             Building cooperatives             334.1
 Bonds                                                N economics                        334.1
I Prices                           332.632 3           Building industries               338.476 9
 Bonds (Securities)                332.632 3           Building societies                332.32
   income tax                      336.242 6          I Building stone industry    338.476 241 832
   investment economics            332.632 3           Buildings
    see Manual at 332.632044 vs.                         economics                       333.338
       332.6323                                       N     sale and rental              333.338
    see Manual at 332.6322 vs. 332.6323                  energy economics                333.796 2
 Bonuses                           331.216 4             investment economics            332.632 43
   labor economics                 331.216 4           Built-in furniture
 Boobies                                              N economics                        338.476 841 6
   resource economics              333.958 43         I Bull markets                     332.642
NBoreal forests                    333.75             I Burlingham Woods (England)
N see also Forest lands                                                           333.750 942 617
 Borrowing                         332.041 5           Burros
   public finance                  336.34                resource economics              333.959 665
      see also Public debt                             Business
 Boycott                                              I Effect of terrorism on           330
   labor economics                 331.893                see Manual at 330 vs. 650, 658
   restraint of trade              338.604 8           Business cycles                   338.542
I Boycott violators                331.893             Business directories              338.702 5
 Brain drain                       331.127 91          Business districts
 Branch banking                    332.16                land economics                  333.77
 Branch banks                      332.16
 Brandy
N industry                         338.476 635 3
 Breaks (Rest periods)
   labor economics                 331.257 6

                                                    135
                                DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                ____
 Business enterprises             338.7              Cambistry                         332.45
  dissolution                     338.71            I Camel industry                   338.176 295
N     economics                   338.71             Camels
  economics                       338.7             N agricultural economics           338.176 295
  finance                         338.604 1          Canned fish
  income tax                      336.241 7         N economics                   338.476 649 42
  initiation                      338.71            I Canned fish industry        338.476 649 42
     economics                    338.71            I Canoe industry              338.476 238 29
  location                        338.09             Capital                           332.041
     economic rationale           338.604 2           financial economics              332.041
     economics                    338.09              income distribution              339.21
N Pueblo Indians                  338.708 997 4       production economics             338.604 1
  tax                             336.207            Capital flight                    332.042 4
    see Manual at 338.091–.099 vs.                   Capital flows                     332.042 4
       332.67309, 338.6042                           Capital formation                 332.041 5
 Business finance                                     agricultural industries          338.13
  production economics            338.604 1           economics                        332.041 5
 Business forecasting             338.544             macroeconomics                   339.43
 Business forecasts               338.544 3           mineral industries               338.23
 Business losses                                      production economics             338.604 1
  tax economics                   336.241 7           secondary industries             338.43
 Business organizations           338.7              Capital gains tax                 336.242 4
    see also Business enterprises                     public finance                   336.242 4
 Business tax                     336.207                corporate income              336.243
  income tax                      336.241 7              individual income             336.242 4
     public finance               336.241 7          Capital levy                      336.22
  public finance                  336.207            Capital loss
 Business white pages             338.702 5           personal income tax
 Businesses                       338.7                    deduction                   336.242 4
    see also Business enterprises                   NCapital market                    332.041 5
 Businessmen                      338.092            Capital markets                   332.041 5
    see Manual at 338.092                            Capital movements                 332.042 4
 Businesspeople                   338.092            Capital sources                   332.041 5
I                                 338.092            Capital transactions
    see Manual at 338.092                                (Balance of payments)
 Businesswomen                    338.092             international banking            332.152
    see Manual at 338.092                             international finance            332.042 4
I Butter mold industry            338.477 364        Capitalism                        330.122
 Butterflies                                          economics                        330.122
  resource economics              333.955 7         I Capitation fees (Medical
                                                          care)                        338.433 621
                       C                            I Caps and closures industry 338.476 218 85
                                                    NCarboxylic acid industry          338.476 618 6
Cabinets (Furniture)                                 Career changes                    331.702
N economics                       338.476 841 6       economics                        331.702
Cacti                                                Career development
  edible fruits                                       economics                        331.702
N     agricultural economics      338.174 775        Career guidance                   331.702
NCall options                     332.645 3             see also Vocational guidance
N stocks                          332.632 283        Career opportunities              331.702
Calls (Finance)                   332.645 3             see also Vocational guidance
  multiple forms of investment                       Caribou
                             332.645 3                resource economics               333.959 658
  stocks                          332.632 283

                                                  136
                                            RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                   ____
 Carnivora                                              Cherries
  resource economics                 333.959 7         N agricultural economics           338.174 23
 Cartels                             338.87            I Cherry industry                  338.174 23
  international                      338.88             Chewing gum
      see also International enterprises               N economics                        338.476 646
    see also Combinations (Enterprises)                I Chewing gum industry             338.476 646
 Cash                                332.041 2          Chicago school of economics       330.155 3
 Cash balance theory                 332.401            Chicken (Meat)
 Cash renting                                             agricultural economics          338.176 513
  land economics                     333.562              commercial processing
 Castroism                           335.434 7              economics                     338.476 649 3
  economics                          335.434 7         NChicory (Beverage) industry       338.476 639 7
 Casual workers                      331.544           I Chicory beverage industry 338.476 639 7
N economics                          331.544            Child care
I Catastrophe bonds                  332.632 3         I Costs                       338.433 627 12
 Catfishes (Channel catfish)                            Child labor                       331.31
  resource economics                 333.956 492       N economics                        331.31
 Cattle                                                I Child migrant agricultural
  agricultural economics             338.176 2                laborers                    331.318
I Cave conservation                  333.73             Children
NCentral banking                     332.11               labor economics                 331.31
 Central banks                       332.11             China
 Central Europe                                        N economic policy                  338.951
N economic policy                    338.943           N industrial development           338.951
 Central heating                                        Chinese communism                 335.434 5
  resource economics                 333.793              economics                       335.434 5
I Central labor councils             331.872            Choice of vocation                331.702
NCeramic arts industry               338.477 38            see also Vocational guidance
 Ceramics industry                   338.476 66         Christian socialism               335.7
 Certificates of deposit             332.175 2            economics                       335.7
NCertificates of indebtedness                          I Christian-owned business
      (Government)                   332.632 32               enterprises                 338.708 827
N see also Government securities                       N                                  338.708 827
 Cetacea                                               I Christmas tree industry          338.175 977 5
  resource economics                 333.959 5         N                                  338.175 977 5
 Chain banking                       332.16             Church buildings
 Chain banks                         332.16            N energy economics                 333.796 4
 Charities                                              CIO (Labor)                  331.883 309 73
I Investments                        332.672 53         Circulation theory
 Chars                                                      (Economics)                   332.401
N fishing industry                   338.372 755 4     I Citric acid industry             338.476 618 6
 Chartered banks                     332.122            Civil service pensions       331.252 913 51
 Chartered surveyors (United                            Civilian workers                  331.79
     Kingdom)                                             labor economics                 331.79
  economics                          333.08                 labor force                   331.119 042
 Checking accounts                   332.175 22             labor market                  331.129 042
 Checkoff (Union dues)               331.889 6          Clams
 Checks                              332.76               resource economics              333.955 44
I Chelates industry 338.475 475 904 424 2               Class struggle
N                                    338.475 475          Marxian theory                  335.411
904 424 2                                                 theory of union role            331.880 1
 Chemical industries                 338.476 6          Classical economics               330.153
 Cheques                             332.76


                                                     137
                                 DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                   ____
 Clearance (Banking)               332.178            Collectivism                        335
   central banking                 332.113             economics                          335
   commercial banking service                            see Manual at 335 vs. 306.345,
                              332.178                       320.53
 Clearing banks                    332.12             College graduates
 Clearing houses (Banking) 332.12                      choice of vocation                 331.702 35
 Climatic changes                                      labor force                        331.114 45
I Risk assessment                  333.714             unemployment                       331.137 804
I Clipped coins                    332.404 2          Combinations (Enterprises) 338.8
 Close corporations                338.74              economics                          338.8
    see also Corporations                                see also International enterprises
 Closed-end mutual funds           332.632 7          COMECON (Economic
 Closed shop                       331.889 2              organization)
N labor economics                  331.889 2           international economics            337.147
 Clothing industry                 338.476 87         Command economies                   330.124
I Cloud forest conservation 333.751 6                 Commerce
NCloud forests                     333.75              energy economics                   333.796 89
 Coal                                                 Commercial areas
   production economics            338.272 4           land economics                     333.77
   resource economics              333.822           NCommercial banking services
I Coal lands                       333.822                                         332.17
 Coal mining                                          Commercial banks                    332.12
   production economics            338.272 4           international operations           332.15
I Coastal forest conservation      333.751 609         services                           332.17
146                                                      see also Banks (Finance)
NCoastal forests                   333.750 914 6      Commercial buildings
I                                  333.750 914 6       sale and rental                    333.338 7
   resource economics                                 Commercial credit                   332.742
N     conservation            333.751 609 146         Commercial fishing                  338.372 7
NCoastal zone management           333.917             economics                          338.372 7
 Coasts                                                  see also Fisheries
   recreational resources          333.784           I Commercial forests                 333.75
   resource economics              333.917            Commercial gardening
 Cods                                                  economics                          338.175
   resource economics              333.956 633        Commercial land use                 333.77
 Coffee                                                economics                          333.77
   agricultural economics          338.173 73         Commercial leases
   commercial processing                               buildings                          333.338 75
     economics                     338.476 639 3       industrial lands                   333.336 5
 Cogeneration                      333.793            Commercial paper                    332.77
   resource economics              333.793             exchange medium                    332.55
 Coinage                                              Commercial property                 333.77
   public revenue                  336.16              taxation                           336.225
 Coins                             332.404 2          Commercial revenues
   investment economics            332.63              public finance                     336.1
   monetary economics              332.404 2          Commodities                         338.02
I Collateralized debt                                  investment economics               332.632 8
      obligations                  332.632             production                         338.02
 Collective bargaining             331.89              speculation                        332.632 8
   economics                       331.89             Commodity brokers                   332.62
N United States                    331.890 973        Commodity exchanges                 332.644
   women workers                   331.479            Commodity futures                   332.632 8
 Collective labor agreements                          Commodity futures markets 332.644
I Blue collar workers              331.89             Commodity options                   332.632 8

                                                   138
                                           RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                   ____
 Commodity options markets 332.644                    NComputer vision equipment
 Commodity standards (Money)                               industry                  338.476 213 99
                               332.42                 I                                   338.476 213 99
 Common lands                       333.2              Computers
 Common stocks                      332.632 2         N customs duties                    336.266 004
  speculation                       332.632 28         Conciliation
I Commonhold                        333.338             labor economics                   331.891 4
 Commons                                               Conditional sales
  land economics                    333.2               consumer credit                   332.743
 Communal land                      333.2              Conditions of employment           331.2
 Communes                                               economics                         331.2
  production economics              338.7              Conditions of employment
 Communism                          335.4                 (Physical)                      331.256
  economics                         335.4                see also Work environment
 Communist manifesto                335.422            Condors
 Communists                         335.409 2           resource economics                333.958 92
  Marxist-Leninist                  335.430 92        I Conformity in the workplace
I Community banks                   332.1                                          331.256
                                    332.1             NConglomerate corporations          338.804 2
I Community development credit                        N see also Combinations (Enterprises)
      unions                        334.22            NConglomerate enterprises           338.804 2
I Community forestry                333.75            N see also Combinations (Enterprises)
I Community-based conservation                         Conglomerates (Enterprises)        338.804 2
                             333.72                      see also Combinations (Enterprises)
I Community-supported                                  Congress of Industrial
      agriculture                   334.683               Organizations (U.S.)       331.883 309 73
 Companies                          338.7              Conservation of biodiversity       333.951 6
    see also Business enterprises                      Conservation of natural
 Company unions                     331.883 4             resources                       333.72
    see also Labor unions                               economics                         333.72
 Comparable worth                   331.215 3            see Manual at 333.7–.9 vs. 363.1,
 Comparative advantage                                      363.73, 577
  economics                         338.604 6            see Manual at 333.72 vs. 304.28,
 Compensation                       331.21                  320.58, 363.7
  economics                         331.21             Conservationists                   333.720 92
  income distribution               339.21              of biological resources           333.951 609 2
 Compensation differentials 331.22                     Consolidation
 Compensation plans                 331.216             land economics                    333.33
 Compensation scales                331.216            Construction industry              338.476 24
 Competition                        338.604 8           energy economics                  333.796 2
  economics                         338.604 8           enterprises                       338.762 4
  price determination               338.522           N finance                           338.436 24
NComposite woods industry           338.476 748 3       restrictive practices             338.826 24
NCompost industry              338.476 686 375        N    economics                      338.826 24
I                                   338.476 686       I Subsidies                         338.436 24
375                                                    Construction workers
NCompressed work schedules          331.257 22          labor economics                   331.762 4
 Compressed workweek                331.257 22         Consumer cooperatives              334.5
  economics                         331.257 22         Consumer credit                    332.743
 Compulsory labor                   331.117 3          Consumer finance institutions      332.35
 Computer industry                  338.470 04         Consumer food prices               338.19
  enterprises                                          Consumer income
N     United States            338.761 004 097 3        macroeconomics                    339.22
NComputer network industry          338.470 046        Consumer price indexes             338.528

                                                    139
                                 DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                               ____
 Consumption                       339.47             Corporate reorganization        338.74
  macroeconomics                   339.47              credit economics               332.75
  natural resources                333.713             production economics           338.74
 Consumption-savings                                 NCorporate securities            332.632
     relationship                  339.43             Corporation directories         338.740 25
I Contaminated forests             333.751 37         Corporation tax                 336.207
N                                  333.751 37         Corporations                    338.74
 Continental shelves                                   economics                      338.74
  resource economics               333.918           N finance                        338.604 1
I Continuous cover forestry 333.75                     income tax                     336.243
 Contract labor                    331.542           I Ratings and rankings           338.74
  economics                        331.542             taxes                          336.207
 Contracts (Labor agreements)      331.891             United States
 Control of usage                                    N     directories                338.740 257 3
N animal resources                 333.954 17        I Corporations, Government       338.74
  fishes                                             I Corporatization                338.92
N     resource economics           333.956 17         Cost of living                  339.42
  natural resources                333.717           N macroeconomics                 339.42
N water resources                  333.911 7          Cost-output ratio               338.06
 Conventions                                           agricultural industries        338.16
  labor unions                     331.874             economics                      338.06
I Convergence (Economics)          338.9               mineral industries             338.26
 Convict labor                                         secondary industries           338.45
  economics                        331.51             Costs                           338.51
 Cooperative marketing             334.6               agricultural industries        338.13
 Cooperatives                      334                 economics                      338.51
  economics                        334                Costs (continued)
I Copackers (Food industry) 338.476 64                 macroeconomics                 339.42
NCoral fishes industry        338.372 717 789          mineral industries             338.23
I Coral reef fisheries        338.372 717 789          secondary industries           338.43
I Coral reef management            333.955 3          Cottage industries              338.634
I Coral reef restoration           333.955 315 3       labor economics                331.256 7
 Coral reefs                                          Cotton
  resource economics               333.955 3           agricultural economics         338.173 51
N restoration                      333.955 315 3     I Cotton plantation workers 331.763 351
I Coral reefs and islands          333.955 3         N                                331.763 351
I Monitoring                       333.955 3          Cougar
I Core competencies                331.114             resource economics             333.959 752 4
 Corporate bonds                   332.632 34         Council for Mutual Economic
I                                  332.632 34             Assistance
 Corporate finance                 338.604 1           international economics        337.147
 Corporate income tax              336.243            Counterfeiting
  public finance                   336.243             economics                      332.9
 Corporate mergers                 338.83             Countermonopoly theory of
    see also Mergers                                      unions                      331.880 1
 Corporate organization            338.74            I Countertops industry           338.476 841 6
  economics                        338.74             County planning
 Corporate ownership                                   economics                      338.9
  land economics                   333.324            Cournot, A. A. (Antoine
I Corporate power                  338.8                  Augustin)
 Corporate profits                                     economic school                330.154 3
  income distribution              339.21             Cows
                                                       agricultural economics         338.176 2


                                                   140
                                          RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                     ____
 Coyote                                               Currency movements              332.042 4
   resource economics              333.959 772 5     I Currency overlay               332.45
 Crabbing                                             Currency question               332.46
   economics                       338.372 538 6      Current accounts (Checking
 Crabs                                                    accounts)                   332.175 22
   fishing industry                338.372 538 6      Custom production               338.642
   resource economics              333.955 56         Customs (Tariff)
 Craft unions                      331.883 2           public finance                 336.26
     see also Labor unions                            Cut flower industry
 Cranes (Birds)                                      N strikes (work stoppages) 331.892 835 966
   resource economics              333.958 32         Cutting gems
NCreating jobs                     331.120 424       N industry                  338.477 362 028
I Creative destruction             338.9              Cyclical unemployment           331.137 047
 Credit                            332.7
   economics                       332.7                                    D
I Credit analysis                  332.7
 Credit cards                      332.765            Dairy cooperatives                 334.683 7
   banking services                332.178 8         N economics                         334.683 7
   credit economics                332.765            Dairy industry                     338.176 214 2
   personal finance                332.024 02         Dairy processing industry     338.476 37
 Credit cooperatives               334.2             I Dating services                   338.473 926
I Credit derivatives               332.632           N economics                         338.473 926
 Credit institutions               332.3              Day care
     see also Banks (Finance)                        N finance                      338.433 627 12
 Credit money                      332.42            I Day laborers                      331.544
 Credit restrictions               332.75             Day trading (Securities)           332.632 28
 Credit unions                     334.22            I                                   332.642 028 5
 Crocodiles                                           Deaf workers                       331.592
   resource economics              333.957 982       N economics                         331.592
I Crofts                           333.335 53        I Death care industry               338.473 637 5
I Crop diversification             338.162           NDeath duties                       336.276
   economics                       338.162           N public finance                    336.276
 Crop rotation                                        Death tax                          336.276
   economics                       338.162           N public finance                    336.276
 Crop yields                       338.1              Debit cards                        332.76
   economics                       338.1               banking services                  332.178
     see Manual at 338.1 vs. 631.558                   credit economics                  332.76
 Crops                                                Debt limits
   economics                       338.1               public finance                   336.346
 Crown lands                       333.1              Debt management (Personal)        332.024 02
I Leasing                          333.16             Debt management (Public)          336.36
 Crustaceans                                           macroeconomic policy             339.523
   fishing industry                338.372 53          public finance                   336.36
   resource economics              333.955 5         I Debt-for-nature swaps            336.363
 Cuban communism                   335.434 7          Decapoda (Crustaceans)
   economics                       335.434 7           resource economics                333.955 5
I Cultural industries              338.470 705       NDecimalization of currency         332.404
I Cumulative effects                                 I Decking materials industry   338.476 901 84
       assessment (Environmental                      Decks (Buildings)
       assessment)                 333.714           N economics                    338.476 901 84
 Currency                          332.4              Deer
     see also Money                                    resource economics               333.959 65
 Currency convertibility           332.456            Default                           332.75
I Currency crises                  332.456               see also Bankruptcy

                                                   141
                                 DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                ____
 Defense industries                338.473 55        Dignity of labor                  331.013
N United States               338.473 550 097 3      Diminishing marginal returns      338.512
 Deflation (Economics)             332.41            Diminishing marginal utility      338.521 2
 Demand                                              Direct taxation                   336.294
   forecasts                       338.02            Disabled workers                  331.59
     agricultural industries       338.17              economics                       331.59
     production economics          338.02            Discharged offenders
     secondary industries          338.47              labor economics                 331.51
   labor economics                 331.123           Discipline
   microeconomics                  338.521 2           labor economics                 331.259 8
   natural resources               333.712             labor unions                    331.873
 Demand deposits                   332.175 22        Discount                          332.84
 Democratic centralism             335.43            Discount brokers                  332.62
   economics                       335.43            Discount rates                    332.84
 Democratic socialism              335.5               economics                       332.84
   economics                       335.5                 central banking               332.113
I Demonstration forests            333.750 7           macroeconomic policy            339.53
 Denationalization                 338.925          I Discouraged workers              331.137
 Depletion allowance               336.243 16       I Discrimination in commercial
 Deposits (Bank)                   332.175 2               loans                       332.742
   public revenues                 336.15            Discrimination in employment
 Depressions (Economics)                                                          331.133
   economic cycles                 338.542          I Investigation                    331.133
NDerivative securities             332.632              see also Equal employment
I Taxation                         336.24                   opportunity
 Derivatives (Speculation)    332.645 7             I Discrimination in financial
   multiple forms of investment                            services                    332.1
                              332.645 7              Discrimination in mortgage
   securities                      332.632               loans                         332.72
 Desalinization industry                             Diseconomies of scale             338.514 4
N finance                     338.436 281 67        I Disincorporation                 338.74
 Desertification                   333.736           Dismissal of employees
   land economics                  333.736             economics                       331.259 6
 Devaluation of currency           332.414 2             unemployment                  331.137
 Developed countries                                     worker security               331.259 6
I Economic conditions              330.917 22        Disposable personal income 339.32
 Developed regions                                  N macroeconomics                   339.32
N economic conditions              330.917 22        Disposal of public lands          333.16
 Developing regions                                    economics                       333.16
N economic conditions              330.917 24       I Disruptive technologies          338.064
N economic development 338.900 917 24                Dissolution of business
N economic policy             338.900 917 24             enterprises                   338.71
 Development                                        N economics                        338.71
   economics                       338.9            I Distributed resources
      see also Economic development                        (Electric utilities)        333.793 2
   natural resources               333.715           District heating
 Development banks                 332.153             resource economics              333.793
   domestic                        332.28            Diversification
   international                   332.153             production economics            338.6
 Developmentally disabled                            Diversity in the workplace 331.133
     workers                       331.595           Dividends                         332.632 21
N economics                        331.595             income tax                      336.242 6
 Dialectical materialism                            N investment economics             332.632 21
   Marxian theory                  335.411 2

                                                  142
                                          RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                   ____
 Division of labor                                       Dupuit, Jules-Juvénal
   production economics            338.6                  economic school              330.154 3
NDollar (United States)            332.497 3
I Dolphin watching industry 338.475 995 3                                        E
N                                  338.475 995 3
 Dolphins                                            I Eagle (Coin)                      332.404 2
   resource economics              333.959 53         Eagles
 Domestic fowl                                          resource economics               333.958 942
   agricultural economics          338.176 5          Easements
 Domestic industries               338.634              economics                        333.323 4
 Domestic investment               332.6              East Asia
 Domestic system                                     N economic policy                   338.95
   economics                       338.634           N industrial development            338.95
 Domestic water supply                               I East Asian business
   economics                       333.912 2                enterprises                  338.708 995
 Donkeys                                             N                                   338.708 995
   resource economics              333.959 665        Eastern Europe
I Double eagle (Coin)              332.404 2         N economic conditions               330.947
 Double taxation                   336.294           N economic policy                   338.947
   public finance                  336.294           I Ecological districts              333.7
 Doves                                               I Ecological provinces              333.73
   resource economics              333.958 65        I Ecological regions                333.7
NDow Jones averages           332.632 220 973        I Ecological zones                  333.73
I                                  332.632 220       I Ecology                           *
973                                                      see Manual at 333.7–.9 vs. 363.1,
I Dow Jones transportation                                   363.73, 577
      average                 332.632 220 973        I Ecomuseums                        333.707 4
I Dow Jones utility average 332.632 220 973          N                                   333.707 4
 Downsizing of organizations                          Econometrics                       330.015 195
   production economics            338.64             Economic aid
   worker security                 331.259 6            international economics          338.91
 DPI (Macroeconomics)              339.32             Economic assistance
 Drafted labor                     331.117 32           international economics          338.91
 Drafts (Credit)                   332.77             Economic concentration             338.8
   exchange medium                 332.55             Economic conditions                330.9
I Drama in environmental                             N developed regions                 330.917 22
      education                    333.707 1         N developing regions                330.917 24
I Dredging industry                338.476 277 3     N Eastern Europe                    330.947
N                                  338.476 277 3     N Europe                            330.94
I Dress codes in the workplace                       N Japan                             330.952
                             331.256                 N Latin America                     330.98
I Dried flower industry            338.477 459 2     N Russia                            330.947
 Drinking water                                      N Soviet Union                      330.947
   economics                       333.912 2         N United States                     330.973
 Droughts                                             Economic cooperation
   agricultural economics          338.14               international economics          337.1
   social services                                          see Manual at 337.3–.9 vs. 337.1
     agricultural industries       338.18
 Drugs (Pharmaceuticals)
   production economics            338.476 151
I Dual class stocks                332.632 2
 Ducks
   resource economics              333.958 41
I Dungeness crab fisheries         338.372 538 6

                                                   143
                                 DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                               ____
Economic development               338.9            Economic situation                330.9
N Africa                           338.96           Economic stabilization            339.5
  banking                          332.153            macroeconomic policy            339.5
    domestic                       332.28           Economic systems                  330.12
    international                  332.153          Economics                         330
N developing regions         338.900 917 24        N dictionaries                     330.03
N India                            338.954         N encyclopedias                    330.03
N Latin America                    338.98              see Manual at 330 vs. 650, 658
N mathematics                      338.900 151      Economics of the firm             338.5
  natural resources                333.715          Economies of scale                338.514 4
      see Manual at 333.7–.9 vs. 363.1,            I Economies of scope               338.51
          363.73, 577                               Economists                        330.092
  production economics             338.9           I Ecosystem health                 333.95
N United States                    338.973         NEcosystems                        *
Economic fluctuations              338.54              see Manual at 333.7–.9 vs. 363.1,
Economic forecasting               330.011 2               363.73, 577
N United States              330.973 001 12        NEducation and training
Economic geography                 330.9                  services industry     338.473 740 13
Economic growth                    338.9           I                                  338.473 740 13
  macroeconomic policy             339.5           I Education savings accounts       336.242 16
  production economics             338.9            Educational leave                 331.257 63
Economic history                   330.9              labor economics                 331.257 63
N 20th century                     330.904         I Educational toy industry   338.476 887 25
Economic integration                                Educational toys
  international economics          337.1           N industry                   338.476 887 25
Economic planning                  338.9            Efficiency
Economic policy                    338.9              agricultural industries         338.16
N Africa                           338.96             economics                       338.06
N Asia                             338.95             mineral industries              338.26
N Central Europe                   338.943            secondary industries            338.45
N China                            338.951         I Efficiency wage theory           331.210 1
N developing regions         338.900 917 24         EFTA (Economic organization)
N East Asia                        338.95             international economics         337.143
N Eastern Europe                   338.947         NEight-hour movement               331.257 23
N Europe                           338.94           Elections
N European Union                   338.94             labor unions                    331.874
NEconomic policy (continued)                        Electric energy                   333.793 2
N Germany                          338.943             see also Electric power
N Great Britain                    338.941          Electric power                    333.793 2
N India                            338.954            economics                       333.793 2
N Japan                            338.952         NElectric power industry           333.793 2
N Latin America                    338.98           Electric utilities                333.793 2
N Poland                           338.943 8           see Manual at 333.7–.9 vs. 363.6
N Russia                           338.947          Electrical appliances
N South Korea                      338.951 95      N customs duties             336.266 683 83
N Soviet Union                     338.947          Electrical energy                 333.793 2
N United States                    338.973             see also Electric power
Economic rent                      333.012          Electrical power                  333.793 2
N land economics                   333.012             see also Electric power
Economic resources                                  Electricity                       333.793 2
  conservation                     339.49             economics                       333.793 2
Economic rights                    330              Electrification                   333.793 2
Economic services for workers                      I Electronic apparatus and
                             331.255                      appliances industry   338.476 213 81

                                                 144
                                           RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                  ____
 Electronic circuits                                   Employee rights                   331.011
N economics                    338.476 213 815         Employee separation
 Electronic components                                   economics                       331.259 6
N economics                    338.476 213 815             employment security           331.259 6
NElectronic equipment industry                             unemployment                  331.137
                             338.476 213 81           NEmployee share ownership
 Electronic funds transfers    332.178                      plans                        331.216 49
 Electronic games                                     N labor economics                  331.216 49
N economics                         338.477 948        Employee stock options            331.216 49
I Electronic monitoring in the                           labor economics                 331.216 49
      workplace                     331.259 8          Employee stock ownership
I Electronic polymer industry       338.476 213            plans                         331.216 49
815                                                      labor economics                 331.216 49
NElectronic trading of                                 Employee turnover                 331.126
      securities                    332.642 028 5        economics                       331.126
I                                   332.642 028 5      Employees                         331.11
 Elephants                                               drug testing
   resource economics               333.959 67        N     labor economics              331.259 8
 Emigrant remittances               332.042 46           economics                       331.11
 Eminent domain                                       I Workload                         331.256
   land economics                   333.13                see also Workers
I Employability                     331.114           NEmployer-supported day care
 Employee absenteeism               331.259 88                                     331.255
   labor economics                  331.259 88            see also Employer-supported
 Employee assistance programs                                services for workers
     (Health and safety)            331.255            Employer-supported services
N see also Employee benefits                               for workers                   331.255
 Employee banks                     332.37               economics                       331.255
   credit unions                    334.22             Employment                        331.125
 Employee benefits                  331.255            Employment agencies               331.128
   economics                        331.255               see also Employment services
 Employee discounts                 331.255            Employment conditions             331.2
   economics                        331.255               see also Conditions of employment
 Employee dismissal                                   NEmployment creation               331.120 424
   economics                        331.259 6         NEmployment opportunities          331.124
     employment security            331.259 6          Employment rights                 331.011
     unemployment                   331.137            Employment security               331.259 6
 Employee fringe benefits           331.255            Employment services               331.128
I Self-insurance                    331.255              economics                       331.128
N see also Employee benefits                           Employment subsidies              331.120 424
 Employee housing                   331.255            Enclosures
    see also Employee benefits                           land economics                  333.2
 Employee organizations             331.88            I Endangered fungi                 333.953
   economics                        331.88            I Endangered species               333.952 2
   women workers                    331.478                                              333.952 2
 Employee ownership                 338.69            I Endogenous growth (Economics)
   labor economics                  331.216 49                                     338.9
 Employee participation in                            I Endowment mortgages              332.72
     management                     331.011 2          Energy                            333.79
 Employee qualifications            331.114              resource economics              333.79
    see also Qualifications of                            see Manual at 333.7–.9 vs. 363.6
       employees                                       Energy conservation               333.791 6
 Employee representation in                              economics                       333.791 6
     management                     331.011 2             see also Energy

                                                    145
                                 DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                  ____
 Energy development                333.791 5          I Environmental monitoring         *
    see also Energy                                       see Manual at 333.7–.9 vs. 363.1,
 Energy management                 333.79                    363.73, 577
    see also Energy                                    Environmental protection
 Energy policy                     333.79             I International cooperation
N United States                    333.790 973                                      333.72
    see also Energy                                    Environmental studies             333.707
 Energy production                 333.79                 see also Environment
N economics                        333.79              Environmentalism                  333.72
 Energy resources                  333.79                 see Manual at 333.72 vs. 304.28,
   economics                       333.79                    320.58, 363.7
   extraction                                          Environmentalists                 333.720 92
     economics                     338.2              I Enzyme inhibitors industry       338.476 153
    see also Energy                                    Equal employment opportunity
 Energy supply                     333.791 1                                        331.133
    see also Energy                                      economics                       331.133
I Engineered wood industry         338.476 748 3           labor unions                  331.873 2
 Entail                                               N United States                    331.133 097 3
   land economics                  333.323 4           Equal pay for equal work          331.215 3
 Entitlement spending              336.39                economics                       331.215 3
 Entrepreneurs                     338.040 92          Equation of exchange theory       332.401
    see Manual at 338.092                              Equilibrium
 Entrepreneurship                  338.04                macroeconomic policy            339.5
   income distribution             339.21              Espionage
   production economics            338.04                labor economics                 331.894
I Entry-level employees            331.114             Estate planning                   332.024 016
I Entry-level employment           331.12              Estate tax                        336.276
 Environment                       333.7              N public finance                   336.276
   economics                       333.7               Estuaries
N education                        333.707 1             resource economics              333.916 4
N Great Britain                    333.709 41         I Estuarine health                 333.916 4
N United States                    333.709 73         I Estuarine mitigation             333.916 4
    see Manual at 333.7–.9 vs. 363.1,                 I Estuarine restoration            333.916 4
        363.73, 577                                    Ethnic groups
    see Manual at 333.72 vs. 304.28,                     labor                           331.6
        320.58, 363.7                                      economics                     331.6
 Environmental abuse               *                  N taxes                            336.200 89
    see Manual at 333.72 vs. 304.28,                  I Euro                             332.494
        320.58, 363.7                                                                    332.494
 Environmental economics                              I Euro area                        332.494
   development policy              338.927             Eurobonds                         332.632 3
NEnvironmental education           333.707 1          N investment economics             332.632 3
I Environmental films              333.7                 public finance                  336.31
I Environmental geography          333.709             Eurocurrency market               332.456 094
N                                  333.709             Eurodollar market                 332.456 094
I Environmental geomorphology                          Europe
                            333.701 551 41            N economic conditions              330.94
N                                  333.701 551 41     N economic policy                  338.94
 Environmental impact studies      333.714            N industrial development           338.94
   natural resources               333.714             European Free Trade
    see Manual at 333.7–.9 vs. 363.1,                      Association
        363.73, 577                                      international economics         337.143
                                                       European Investment Bank          332.153 4


                                                    146
                                           RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                 ____
NEuropean Monetary System                            Fair employment                    331.133
      (Organization)              332.456 609 4         see also Equal employment
 European Union                                             opportunity
N economic policy                 338.94             Fair trade                         338.522
   economics                      337.142            Falangism                          335.6
 Ex-convicts                                           economics                        335.6
   labor economics                331.51             Falcons
 Excess profits tax               336.243 2            resource economics               333.958 96
N public finance                  336.243 2          Family budgets
 Exchange rates                                        macroeconomics                   339.41
   foreign exchange               332.456           N personal finance                  332.024
I Exchange traded funds           332.632 7          Family corporations                338.74
 Excise tax                       336.271               see also Corporations
   public finance                 336.271            Family leave                       331.257 63
I Exclosures                      333.951 6         I Faraday partnerships              338.941
I Executive search firms          331.128            Farm costs                         338.13
I Exogeneity (Econometrics)       330.015 195        Farm income                        338.13
I Exotic options (Finance)        332.645 3          Farm investment                    338.13
 Exotic species                   333.952 3          Farm loans                         332.71
 Expectant mothers                                   Farm prices                        338.13
   employment economics           331.44             Farm produce                       338.17
 Export credit                    332.742               see also Agricultural products
 Export sales contracts                              Farm profits                       338.13
I Taxation                        336.263            Farm property                      333.76
 Export tax                                            resource economics               333.76
   public finance                 336.263              taxation                         336.225
 Export-Import Bank of the                           Farm tenancy                       333.335 53
     United States                332.154 097 3        economics                        333.335 53
 Expropriation                    338.924           NFarm valuation                     333.335 2
   land economics                 333.13            N real estate economics             333.335 2
   production economics           338.924              tax economics                    336.225
 Extinction (Biology)                                Fascism                            335.6
   resource economics             333.952 2            economics                        335.6
 Extractive industries            338                Featherbedding                     331.889 6
N economics                       338               N economics                         331.889 6
 Extractive industry workers 331.794                I Federal aid to small business
   labor economics                331.794                                        338.642
                                                     Federal Reserve System (U.S.)
                       F                                                           332.110 973
                                                     Fee simple
Fabian socialism                 335.14                land economics                   333.323 2
Factor proportions                                   Feeds
  economics                      338.512               industry                         338.476 646 6
Factories                                            Fees
  manufacturing industries       338.476 7             public revenues                  336.16
  organization of production     338.65              Ferrets (Black-footed)
Factors of production            338.01                resource economics          333.959 766 29
  agricultural economics         338.14             I Fertilizer subsidies              338.18
  income distribution            339.21              Fertilizers
  microeconomics                 338.512               agricultural economics           338.162
  mineral industries             338.26              Feudal tenure
  secondary industries           338.45                land economics                   333.322
Factory system                                       Feudalism
  economics                      338.65                land economics                   333.322

                                                  147
                                  DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                  ____
 Fiat money                         332.42              Fiscal policy                    336.3
 Finance                            332                   macroeconomics                 339.52
   agricultural industries          338.13                public finance                 336.3
N dictionaries                      332.03              Fish culture
   mineral industries               338.23                economics                      338.371 3
   production economics             338.604 1             enterprises                    338.763 93
   secondary industries             338.43             I Fish management areas           333.956
N United States                     332.097 3          I Fish surveys                    333.956 11
     see Manual at 332 vs. 338, 658.15                 N                                 333.956 11
     see Manual at 332, 336 vs. 339                    N resource economics              333.956 11
 Financial economics                332                 Fisheries                        338.372 7
     see also Finance                                     economics                      338.372 7
 Financial futures                  332.632               enterprises                    338.763 92
 Financial independence                                I Environmental aspects           333.956
      (Personal finance)            332.024 01            products                       338.372 7
 Financial institutions             332.1              I Fishery closures                333.956 17
I Services to older people          332.108 46         I Fishery co-management           333.956
     see also Banks (Finance)                          I Fishery depredation             333.956 137
 Financial management               *                  I Fishery discards                333.956
     see Manual at 332 vs. 338, 658.15                  Fishes
 Financial planning                                       Habitat
   personal finance                 332.024            I      Conservation               333.956 16
I Financial planning industry       338.473 320 24        production economics           338.372 7
N economics                   338.473 320 24           I Recolonization                  333.956 153
I Financial risk                    338.5                 resource economics             333.956
 Financial security                                    N      conservation               333.956 11
   personal finance                 332.024 01         N      restoration                333.956 153
I Financial writers                 332.092             Fishing
N                                   332.092               economics                      338.372 7
 Financiers                         332.092               enterprises                    338.763 92
 Fine arts                                             I Fishing bait industry           338.371
   investment economics             332.63              Fishing industries               338.372 7
 Fines                                                     see also Fisheries
   public revenues                  336.16              Fissionable metals
I Fire alarm industry         338.476 289 225          N resource economics              333.854 93
 Fire detectors                                         Fixed assets                     332.041 4
N industry                    338.476 289 225              see also Fixed capital
 Fire fighters                                          Fixed capital                    332.041 4
   strikes (work stoppages)                             Fixed costs                      338.514 2
      Great Britain                                     Fixed exchange rates             332.456 4
N        2000–2009 331.892 813 633 709 410 905          Fixed rate securities            332.632 044
11                                                     I Fixed-term labor contracts 331.2
I Fire Fighters’ Dispute,                              I Flag industry                   338.479 299 2
       Great Britain, 2002–2004 331.892 813 633        N                                 338.479 299 2
       709 410 905 11                                   Flexible exchange rates          332.456 4
I Fire management                   333.761 52          Flexible hours of labor          331.257 24
I Fireworks industry                338.476 621         Flexible work hours              331.257 24
N                                   338.476 621        NFlexitime                        331.257 24
 Firing of employees                                   NFlextime                         331.257 24
   economics                        331.259 6          I Flipping (Real estate
      employment security           331.259 6                 investment)                332.632 4
      unemployment                  331.137             Floating exchange rates          332.456 2
                                                       I Floodplain forests              333.75


                                                     148
                                            RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                      ____
 Floodplains                                            Foreign loans                        336.343 5
N resource economics                 333.917           N developing regions             336.343 509 172 4
NFlorist industry                    338.477 459 2        public finance                     336.343 5
 Flow-of-funds accounts                                   role of banks                      332.15
   macroeconomics                    339.26             Foreign-owned enterprises 338.88
NFluctuating exchange rates 332.456 2                       see also International enterprises
I Folios (Securities)                332.632           I Forest biodiversity                 333.75
 Food                                                  I Forest biodiversity
   commercial processing                                      conservation                   333.751 6
     economics                       338.476 64        I                                     333.952
N     energy economics               333.796 6         NForest development                   333.751 5
I Food cooperatives                  333.5              Forest lands                         333.75
 Food demand                                           N Broadland (England)            333.750 942 617
   economics                         338.19            N classification                      333.750 12
 Food industry (Production) 338.19                     N conservation                        333.751 6
 Food processing industry            338.476 64           economics                          333.75
 Food production                     338.19                  sale and rental                 333.335 7
 Food reserves                                         N education and research              333.750 7
   economics                         338.19               recreational resources             333.784
 Food services industry              338.476 479 5     N Wales                               333.750 942 9
 Food stocks                                           N West Oxfordshire (England)
   economics                         338.19                                           333.750 942 571
 Food supply                                           I Forest monitoring                   333.75
   economics                         338.19             Forest products
 Forced loans                        336.344              agricultural economics             338.174 98
N public finance                     336.344            Forest reserves                      333.751 1
 Forecasting                                                see also Forest lands
   business                          338.544           I Forest restoration                  333.751 53
   investments                       332.678           I Forest type groups                  333.750 12
 Forecasting methods                                    Forestation                          333.751 52
   economics                         338.544 2              see also Afforestation
 Forecasts                                             I Forested wetlands                   333.952 88
   business                          338.544 3          Forestry
 Foreign aid                         338.91            N financial economics                 338.134 9
   economics                         338.91            I Forestry investment                 338.134 9
 Foreign assistance                  338.91             Forests                              333.75
    see also Foreign aid                                    see also Forest lands
 Foreign direct investment      332.673                 Forests and forestry
 Foreign economic assistance         338.91            I Wales                               333.750 942 9
    see also Foreign aid                               I Forfaiting                          332.742
 Foreign economic policies 337                         N                                     332.742
 Foreign economic relations 337                         Forgeries
N Japan                              337.52               financial instruments              332.9
N United States                      337.73             Formula plans
 Foreign enterprises                 338.88               investments                        332.678
    see also International enterprises                  Forward exchange                     332.45
 Foreign exchange                    332.45             Fossil fuels
NForeign exchange futures            332.45               resource economics                 333.82
 Foreign income                                         Four-day week                        331.257 22
   tax economics                     336.24             Fourierism (Socialist school)
 Foreign investment                  332.673              economics                          335.23
   government policy                 332.673 2          Foxes
N United States                      332.673 097 3        resource economics                 333.959 775
 Foreign labor                       331.62

                                                     149
                                DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                   ____
 Fragmented landscapes            333.95                 Futures                       332.645 2
I                                 333.95
NFranc (Switzerland)              332.494 94                                 G
I Franc, Swiss                    332.494 94
I Franc, CFA                      332.496 6           Gain sharing                       331.216 47
 Franchises                                            labor economics                   331.216 47
   governmental                                      I Gambling industry                 338.477 95
     public revenue               336.16             N                                   338.477 95
 Fraternal benefit societies 334.7                    Game animals
   economics                      334.7                resource economics                333.954 9
 Free choice of employment 331.013                    Game birds
 Free enterprise                  330.122              resource economics                333.958 29
   economics                      330.122             Game fishes
 Free labor                       331.117 2            resource economics                333.956 9
 Free land                        333.16              Game fishes (Salmonids)
 Free market price                                     resource economics                333.956 55
     determination                338.522             Game protection                    333.954 916
I Freshwater biodiversity         333.952 8           Game reserves                      333.954 916
I Freshwater biodiversity                            N resource economics                333.954 916
       conservation               333.952 816        I Gang bosses (Labor)               331.794
 Freshwater biological                               I Gasket industry              338.476 218 85
     resources                    333.952 8          NGay business enterprises           338.708 664
 Frictional unemployment          331.137 045        I                                   338.708 664
 Friendly societies               334.7               Gay workers                        331.53
   economics                      334.7              N labor economics                   331.53
 Fringe benefits                  331.255             Gays
    see also Employee benefits                         labor economics                   331.53
 Frogs                                                GDP (Macroeconomics)               339.31
N resource economics              333.957 89          Geese
NFrozen vegetables industry 338.476 648 53             resource economics                333.958 417
I                                 338.476 648 53     I Gem cutting industry         338.477 362 028
 Fuel industry                    338.476 626         Gender identity
 Fuel resources                                        labor economics                   331.56
   economics                      333.82             I Gender identity in the
   extraction                                              workplace                     331.56
     economics                    338.2               Gender role
 Fuels                                                 labor economics                   331.56
   production economics           338.476 626         General strikes
   resource economics             333.82               economics                         331.892 5
 Fuelwood                         333.953 97               see also Strikes (Work stoppages)
N resource economics              333.953 97         I Generational accounting           339.5
 Full-employment policy           331.120 424         Genetic resources                  333.953 4
   macroeconomics                 339.5                animals                           333.954
    see Manual at 331.120424 vs.                     N conservation                      333.953 416
        331.1377                                       economics                         333.953 4
 Fur processing                                        plants                            333.953 4
   economics                      338.476 753        I Genetic resources
 Fur seals                                                 conservation                  333.953 416
   resource economics             333.959 797 3      I                                   333.954
 Fur trapping                                        I Genetic resources conservation (continued)
   economics                      338.372 97         I Molecular aspects                 333.953 416
 Fur-bearing animals                                 I Geoparks                          333.783
   resource economics             333.959 7           George, Henry
NFurniture industry               338.476 841          economic school                   330.155

                                                   150
                                               RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                  ____
 Geothermal energy                   333.88            Government corporations           338.749
   economics                         333.88             production economics             338.749
 Germ plasm                          333.953 4          public revenue source            336.19
   resource economics                333.953 4         Government expenditures           336.39
     animals                         333.954              see also Public expenditures
     plants                          333.953 4         Government farm policies          338.18
 German historical school                              Government grants
     (Economics)                     330.154 2          production economics             338.922
 Germany                                               Government investment             332.672 52
N economic policy                    338.943            international                    332.673 12
 Germplasm                           333.953 4         Government loans
    see also Germ plasm                                 credit economics                 332.7
 Giant panda                                            economic development             338.922
   resource economics                333.959 789        public revenues                  336.15
 Gift revenues                                         Government notes                  332.632 32
   public finance                    336.16               see also Government securities
 Gift tax                            336.276           Government ownership
   public finance                    336.276            land economics                   333.1
 Gilt-edged securities               332.632 044       Government property
    see Manual at 332.632044 vs.                        land economics                   333.1
        332.6323                                       Government savings banks          332.21
 Glaciers                                              Government securities             332.632 32
I Public use                         333.784            flotation                        336.344
I Glass ceiling (Employment                             income tax                       336.242 6
       discrimination)               331.133            investment economics             332.632 32
I                                    331.413 3          public finance                   336.31
I Global capitation (Medical                            purchase
       care)                         338.433 621           central banking               332.114
I Global commons                     333.7                see Manual at 332.632044 vs.
 GNP (Macroeconomics)                339.31                  332.6323
I Goat milk industry                 338.177 17        Government spending               336.39
NGoat’s milk industry                338.177 17           see also Public expenditures
 Going public (Securities)                             Government subsidies
   investment economics              332.632 2          production economics             338.922
 Gold                                                  Government workers
   production economics              338.274 1          labor economics                  331.795
 Gold coins                          332.404 2             labor force                   331.119 042
   investment economics              332.63                labor market                  331.129 042
   monetary economics                332.404 2          pensions                    331.252 913 51
NGold movements                      332.042 4         Grants
 Gold standard                       332.422 2          production economics             338.922
   foreign exchange                  332.452           Grants-in-aid (Government) 336.185
NGoods and services tax              336.271 4          public finance                   336.185
 Gorilla                                              I Grappa industry                  338.476 635 3
   resource economics                333.959 884       Grasses
 Government bills                    332.632 32       I Reintroduction                   333.953 3
    see also Government securities                    I Grassland restoration            333.741 53
 Government bonds                    332.632 32        Grasslands                        333.74
    see also Government securities                      economics                        333.74
I Government business                                 N     sale and rental              333.335
       enterprises                   338.749          I Management                       333.74
                                     338.749          N restoration                      333.741 53
Government certificates              332.632 32        Gray whale
  see also Government securities                        resource economics               333.959 522

                                                    151
                                 DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                 ____
I Grayling fisheries              338.372 755 9      Handicraft industries
 Graylings                                             arts economics                   338.477 455
N fishing industry                338.372 755 9        economics                        338.476 8
 Grazing lands                    333.74               production organization          338.642 5
P see also Grasslands                                Hardwoods
 Great Britain                                         lumber
N economic policy                 338.941           N      economics               338.476 741 42
N industrial development          338.941            Harvesting
 Grievance procedures                                  production efficiency            338.163
N labor economics                 331.889 66        I Hawala system                     332.4
 Grievances (Labor)               331.889 66         Health insurance
  economics                       331.889 66           labor economics                  331.255 4
 Grizzly bear                                        Health services
  resource economics               333.959 784         labor economics                  331.255 4
 Gross domestic product            339.31           I Heathlands                        333.75
 Gross national product            339.31            Heating from central stations
I Groundfish fisheries        338.372 717 77           resource economics               333.793
NGroundfish industry          338.372 717 77         Hedging (Finance)                  332.645 24
 Groundwater                                         Hemp
  economics                       333.910 4         N customs duties               336.266 677 12
I Groundwater disposal in                            Herring (Clupea harengus)
      rivers, lakes, etc.         333.731 53        N fishing industry                  338.372 745 2
NGroup banking                    332.16               resource economics               333.956 452
 Grouse                                              High school graduates
  resource economics              333.958 63           choice of vocation               331.702 33
I Growth factors industry         338.476 157          labor force                      331.114 43
N                                 338.476 157          unemployment                     331.137 804
I Growth triangles                338.91             High-yield bonds                   332.632 34
NGST (Tax)                        336.271 4          Hildebrand, Bruno
 Guaranteed annual wage           331.236              economic school                  330.154 2
 Guaranteed wages                 331.23            I Hiring fairs (British Isles) 331.128 094 1
 Guevara, Ernesto                                    Hiring halls                       331.889 6
  Cuban communism                 335.434 7         N economics                         331.889 6
 Guild socialism                  335.15             Hispanic Americans
 Guild system                     338.632           N labor economics                   331.636 8
 Gulfs                                               Historical materialism
  resource economics              333.916 4            Marxian theory                   335.411 9
                                                     Historical school (Economics)
                         H                                                         330.154 2
                                                     Hockey players (Ice sports)
I Habitat suitability index                         N strikes (work stoppages) 331.892 817 969 62
     models                       333.954            Holding companies                  338.86
I Habitat surveys                 333.95               economics                        338.86
                                  333.95                see also Combinations (Enterprises)
I Half eagle (Coin)               332.404 2          Holiday work                       331.257 4
I Halibut industry                338.372 769 5        economics                        331.257 4
 Halibuts                                            Holidays
N fishing industry                338.372 769 5        labor economics                  331.257 6
  resource economics              333.956 695        Holy day work                      331.257 4
 Hand-propelled boats                                  economics                        331.257 4
N economics                   338.476 238 29         Home finance                       332.722
                                                     Home labor                         331.256 7
                                                     Home loan associations             332.32


                                                  152
                                         RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                    ____
I Homophobia in the workplace                        Hunting
                           331.53                     commercial
 Honey eaters                                           production economics            338.372 9
  resource economics              333.958 8         I Environmental aspects             333.954 9
NHoney industry                   338.178 16          products                          338.372 9
 Horizontal combinations                            I Hybrid power                      333.793 2
    (Enterprises)                 338.804 2          Hydroelectric power                333.914
   see also Combinations (Enterprises)                 see also Water power
I Horrobin Mill (Turton,                             Hydroelectricity                   333.914
      England) 338.476 671 409 427 37                  see also Water power
 Hospitality industry             338.479 1
  economics                       338.479 1                                 I
 Hospitals
  energy economics                333.796 4          Icarianism (Socialist school)      335.2
 Hostile work environments 331.133                   Identity theft
I Hotel chains               338.761 647 94            prevention                       332.024
 Hotel industry                   338.476 479 4      IMF (Fund)                         332.152
N enterprises                338.761 647 94          Immigrants
NHours of labor                   331.257              labor economics                  331.62
N see also Hours of work                             Impact studies
 Hours of work                    331.257                (Environmental)                333.714
  economics                       331.257               see also Environmental impact
 House selling                    333.338 3                 studies
 Household appliances                                Import tax
N industry                        338.476 838          public finance                   336.264
I Household appliances industry                     I Important bird areas              333.958 16
                           338.476 838               In-house training                  331.259 2
 Household budgets                                      see also Vocational education
  macroeconomics                  339.41             In-service training                331.259 2
N personal finance                332.024               see also Vocational education
NHousehold expenses               332.024            Incentive payments
 Household finances               332.024              labor economics                  331.216 4
 Household income                                    Incentives
  macroeconomics                  339.22               labor economics                  331.216 4
 Household water supply                              Inclosures
  economics                       333.912 2            land economics                   333.2
 Housing                                             Income                             339.32
  economics                       333.338              agricultural industries          338.13
N     sale and rental             333.338              increase
  energy economics                333.796 3              personal finance               332.024 01
 Housing cooperatives             334.1                labor economics                  331.21
N economics                       334.1                macroeconomics                   339.32
 Huckleberries                                         mineral industries               338.23
N agricultural economics          338.174 732          secondary industries             338.43
I Huckleberry industry            338.174 732        Income accounts
 Human resources                  331.11                 (Macroeconomics)               339.32
  economics                       331.11             Income distribution                339.2
  utilization                                       N macroeconomics                    339.2
    economics                     331.125            Income redistribution
 Hummingbirds                                          macroeconomic policy             339.52
  resource economics              333.958 764        Income tax                         336.24
                                                       public finance                   336.24
                                                    I Income tax deductions for
                                                           child care expenses          336.242 16

                                                  153
                                 DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                 ____
 Income theory                                        Industrial development            338.9
   monetary economics              332.401           N Asia                             338.95
 Income-consumption relations                        N China                            338.951
   macroeconomics                  339.41            N East Asia                        338.95
I Income-contingent loans          332.743           N Europe                           338.94
 Incomes policy                    339.5             N Great Britain                    338.941
   inflation control               332.415           N India                            338.954
N macroeconomics                   339.5             NIndustrial development (continued)
 Incorporated banks                332.122           N Japan                            338.952
I Independent power producers                        N South Korea                      338.951 95
                             333.793 2               N United States                    338.973
I Index mutual funds               332.632 7             see also Economic development
 India                                                Industrial development banks      332.153
N economic development             338.954              domestic                        332.28
N economic policy                  338.954              international                   332.153
N industrial development           338.954            Industrial disputes               331.89
 Indian elephant                                      Industrial economics              338
   resource economics              333.959 676        Industrial lands                  333.77
NIndian handicraft industries      338.477 455          economics                       333.77
089 97                                                    sale and rental               333.336
I                                  338.477 455        Industrial organization           338.6
089 97                                                  economics                       338.6
 Indigenous peoples                                   Industrial productivity           338.06
I Taxation                         336.200 89           economics                       338.06
 Indirect taxation                 336.294              mineral industries              338.26
I Individual fishing quotas   333.956 17                secondary industries            338.45
 Individual income tax             336.242            Industrial relations              331
   public finance                  336.242               see also Labor relations
I Individual investors             332.6              Industrial resources              338.09
 Individual land tenure                                 economics                       338.09
   economics                       333.323            Industrial revolution
 Individual proprietorships   338.72                    economic history                330.903 4
    see also Proprietorships                          Industrial surveys                338.09
 Individual retirement                                Industrial trusts                 338.8
     accounts                      332.024 014 5         see also Combinations (Enterprises)
 Individualism                                        Industrial unions                 331.883 3
   economics                       330.153               see also Labor unions
 Industrial arbitration            331.891 43         Industrial water supply
 Industrial archaeology                                 economics                       333.912 3
   economic aspects                338.09             Industrial workers                331.794
 Industrial buildings                                   labor economics                 331.794
   sale and rental                 333.338 7          Industrial Workers of the
I Industrial clusters              338.7                  World                         331.886 097 3
 Industrial concentration          338.8              Industrial-military complex
 Industrial conditions             338.09               economics                       338.473 55
 Industrial costs                  338.51             Industrialization                 338.9
    see also Costs                                    Industries                        338
 Industrial credit                 332.742           I Self-regulation                  338
 Industrial democracy              331.011 2             see also Industry
   theory of union role            331.880 1




                                                   154
                                          RelativeiIndex
                                                                                               ____
 Industry                          338            NInstitutional school of
   economics                       338                   economics                    330.155 2
   energy economics                333.796 5       Insurance
   location                                          labor economics                  331.255
      economic rationale           338.604 2       Insurance companies
      production                   338.09            credit functions                 332.38
N United States                    338.097 3         investment by                    332.672 532
 Inflation (Economics)             332.41            investment in                    332.672 2
   personal finance                332.024         Inter-American Development
I Inflation risk                   332.41               Bank                          332.153 8
I Inflation-indexed bonds          332.632 3       Interamerican Development
 Information policy                                     Bank                          332.153 8
   economics                       338.926        I Interbank market                  332.1
       see Manual at 338.926 vs. 352.745,          Interdependence
           500                                       economics                        338.9
I Information technology parks                     Interest (Income)                  332.8
                             338.470 04              financial economics              332.8
NInheritance and transfer tax      336.276              central banking               332.113
N public finance                   336.276           macroeconomics                   339.21
 Inheritance tax                   336.276           tax                              336.242 6
N public finance                   336.276              corporations                  336.243
 Initial public offerings                          Interest rate futures              332.632 3
      (Securities)                                 Interest rate options              332.632 3
   investment economics            332.632 2       Intergovernmental fiscal
 Initiation of business                                 relations                     336
      enterprises                  338.71            economics                        336
   economics                       338.71          Intergovernmental grants           336.185
     see Manual at 338.091–.099 vs.                  public finance                   336.185
        332.67309, 338.6042                        Intergovernmental
 Injunctions                                            organizations
   labor economics                 331.893           economic cooperation             337.1
      management measure           331.894               see Manual at 337.3–.9 vs. 337.1
 Inland revenue                    336.2           Intergovernmental revenues
 Inland waterways                                    public finance                   336.18
   land economics                  333.915         Intergovernmental tax
 Inmates (Prisoners)                                    relations                     336.2
   labor economics                 331.51          Interindustry analysis             339.23
I Innovation relay centers         338.926         Interlocking directorates    338.87
 Input-output analysis             339.23              see also Combinations (Enterprises)
 Insecticides                                     I Intermittent employees            331.544
   agricultural economics          338.162        NIntermittent workers               331.544
 Insects                                          N economics                         331.544
   resource economics              333.955 7       Internal revenue                   336.2
 Insolvency                        332.75          International assistance
     see also Bankruptcy                             economics                        338.91
 Installment sales                                 International Bank for
   consumer credit                 332.743              Reconstruction and
 Institutional economics                                Development                   332.153 2
      (Economic school)            330.155 2       International banking              332.15
 Institutional investment          332.672 53      International banks                332.15
   international                   332.673 14      International borrowing            336.343 5
 Institutional investors           332.672 53        public finance                   336.343 5
   international                   332.673 14


                                                155
                                   DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                   ____
 International business                                 I Internet industry          338.470 046 78
      enterprises                     338.88            N                                 338.470 046 78
     see also International enterprises                 NInternet software industry 338.470 053 76
NInternational Business                                 I                                 338.470 053 76
       Machines Corporation 338.761 004 097 3            Interoccupational mobility
 International debt                   336.343 5         N economics                       331.127 2
N developing regions             336.343 509 172 4       Interproduct price
   public finance                     336.343 5               competition                 338.522
 International development                               Intersex people
   economics                          338.91               labor economics                331.5
 International Development                               Interstate banking               332.16
      Association                     332.153            Interstate planning
 International economic                                    economics                      338.9
      assistance                      338.91             Interventionism
 International economic                                    economics                      330.126
      cooperation                     337                Intragovernmental revenues
 International economic                                    public finance                 336.18
      development                     338.91            I Introduced amphibians           333.957 8
   role of multinational                                I Introduced organisms            333.952 3
        enterprises                   338.883           I Introduced reptiles             333.957
 International economic                                  Introduced species               333.952 3
      planning                        337               I Introducing brokers             332.62
 International economic                                  Inuit
      relations                       337               I Land tenure                     333.2
N Japan                               337.52             Invasive species                 333.952 3
N United States                       337.73             Inventory
 International economics              337                  financial economics            332.041 2
 International enterprises       338.88                  Invertebrates
   taxes                              336.207              resource economics             333.955
 International farm policies 338.181                     Investment                       332.6
 International finance                332.042                see also Investments
 International Finance                                   Investment advisers              332.62
      Corporation                     332.153           I Investment advisor-client
 International grants                                          relationships              332.62
   public finance                     336.188            Investment banking               332.66
 International investment             332.673            Investment banks                 332.66
   government policy                  332.673 2         NInvestment brokers               332.62
N United States                       332.673 097 3     NInvestment companies             332.632 7
 International labor mobility 331.127 91                 Investment company securities
 International Monetary Fund          332.152                                        332.632 7
 International monetary policy        332.456 6          Investment counselors            332.62
 International monetary reform                           Investment guides                332.678
                                 332.456 6               Investment income
 International monetary system                             income tax                     336.242 6
                                 332.45                  Investment manuals               332.678
 International settlements                               Investment prospectuses          332.6
      (Banking)                       332.155            Investment tax credit            336.241 6
 International unions                 331.880 91         Investment trusts                332.632 7
     see also Labor unions
I Internet banking               332.170 285 467 8
                                      332.170 285
  467 8
NInternet banking services 332.170 285 467 8


                                                      156
                                         RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                  ____
 Investments                     332.6             I Job shadowing                     331.259 2
    banking services             332.175 4          Job sharing                        331.257 277
    capital formation            332.041 5          Job stress
    economics                    332.6                labor economics                  331.256
I Effect of deflation on         332.6              Job vacancies                      331.124
    macroeconomics               339.43            I Effect of technological
    public revenues              336.15                     innovations on             331.124
I Investors in People            331.259 2         N tabulated materials               331.124 021
 IPOs (Securities)                                  Jobs
    investment economics         332.632 2            openings                         331.124
 IRA (Retirement account)        332.024 014 5      Joint stock companies              338.7
 Iron                                                  see also Business enterprises
N resource economics             333.853               see also Unincorporated business
 Iron industry                   338.273                   enterprises
    metallurgy                   338.476 691        Joint ventures                     338.7
    mining                       338.273               see also Business enterprises
 Iron law of wages               331.210 1         I Jukebox industry             338.476 213 893 3
I Iron ore reserves              333.853            Jukeboxes
 Irrigation                      333.913           N industry                     338.476 213 893 3
    land economics               333.913            Jungles                            333.75
 Issuing houses                  332.66                see also Forest lands
 IWW (Labor)                     331.886 097 3      Junk bonds                         332.632 34
                                                    Jute
                       J                              agricultural economics           338.173 54
                                                      textiles
Jaguar                                                   economics                     338.476 771 3
  resource economics              333.959 755
Japan                                                                        K
N economic conditions             330.952
N economic policy                 338.952           Kakapo
N foreign economic relations      337.52              resource economics             333.958 71
N     United States               337.520 73       I Kangaroo products               338.372 922
N industrial development          338.952           Kangaroos
N international economic                              commercial hunting
        relations                 337.52           N     economics                    338.372 922
Jays                                                  resource economics              333.959 222
  resource economics              333.958 864      I Karst conservation               333.73
Jevons, William Stanley                            I Kava industry               338.476 153 232 5
  economic school                 330.157          I                                  338.476 636
NJob actions                      331.89            Kelps
Job banks                         331.128             resource economics             333.953 8
N economics                       331.128           Keogh plans                      332.024 014 5
Job creation                      331.120 424       Keynesian economics              330.156
  government policy               331.120 424       Killer whale
      see Manual at 331.120424 vs.                    resource economics             333.959 536
          331.1377                                  Kites (Birds)
Job information                   331.128             resource economics             333.958 945
Job mobility                      331.127           Knapp, Georg Friedrich
Job openings                      331.124             economic school                330.154 2
Job opportunities                 331.124           Knies, Karl
Job rights                        331.011             economic school                 330.154 2
Job satisfaction                  331.012           Knights of Labor             331.883 309 73
  labor economics                 331.012          I Knowledge workers                331.7
Job security                      331.259 6

                                                 157
                                 DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                               ____
                                                   Labor unions                       331.88
                       L                             benefits                         331.873 5
                                                     elections                        331.874
 Labor                             331
                                                     membership                       331.873 2
   economics                       331
                                                     organization                     331.87
   income distribution             339.21
                                                     women workers                    331.478
N United States                    331.097 3
                                                   Labor use
    see also Working class
                                                     agricultural industries          338.16
 Labor banks                       332.37
                                                   Labor violence
 Labor conditions                  331.2
                                                     economics                        331.893
 Labor contracts                   331.891
                                                   Labor-management bargaining
    see also Collective bargaining                                               331.89
 Labor costs                                          see also Collective bargaining
   production economics            338.512         Laborers                           331.11
 Labor demand                      331.123         Laissez-faire economics            330.153
 Labor discipline                                  Lakes
   labor economics                 331.259 8      I Management                        333.916 3
 Labor disputes                    331.89            recreational resources           333.784 4
 Labor economics                   331               resource economics               333.916 3
 Labor exchanges                   331.128         Land                               333
 Labor force                       331.11            economics                        333
 Labor grievances                  331.889 66      Land (continued)
    see also Grievances (Labor)                         see Manual at 333.73–.78 vs. 333,
 Labor injunctions                                           333.1–.5
   economics                       331.893           income distribution              339.21
 Labor leaders                     331.880 92        investment economics             332.632 42
   biography                       331.880 92        resource economics               333.73
   role and function               331.873 3         taxes                            336.22
 Labor market                      331.12              public finance                 336.22
      see Manual at 331.120424 vs.                 Land appraisal                     333.332
           331.1377                                Land banks                         332.31
   maladjustments                  331.13         I Land capability for wildlife      333.954
 Labor mobility                    331.127         Land conservation                  333.731 6
 Labor movements                   331.8           Land development                   333.731 5
   economics                       331.8           Land economics                     333
N United States                    331.809 73      Land gift                          333.333
 Labor need                        331.123         Land grants
 Labor productivity                331.118           economics                        333.16
   economics                       331.118         Land nationalization               333.14
 Labor relations                   331               economics                        333.14
   economics                       331             Land ownership                     333.3
N United States                    331.097 3          see also Land tenure
 Labor requirements                331.123         Land reclamation                   333.731 53
 Labor rights                      331.011         Land redistribution
 Labor shortages                   331.136           economics                        333.31
 Labor supply                      331.11          Land reform
I Effect of foreign exchange                         economics                        333.31
         rates on                  331.12          Land resettlement
 Labor surpluses                   331.137           economics                        333.31
 Labor systems                                     Land resources                     333.73
   economics                       331.117           economics                        333.73
 Labor theory of value                                see Manual at 333.73–.78 vs. 333,
   Marxian theory                  335.412               333.1–.5
 Labor turnover                    331.126         Land sale                          333.333
   economics                       331.126

                                                158
                                          RelativeiIndex
                                                                                              ____
 Land settlement                                   Leave (Absence)                   331.257 6
   economics                       333.31            labor economics                 331.257 6
 Land subdivision                  333.3           Legal tender                      332.42
 Land surveys                      333.08          Lemurs
   economics                       333.08            resource economics              333.959 83
      public land                  333.18          Lending institutions              332.1
NLand tax                          336.22              see also Banks (Finance)
N public finance                   336.22          Leninism                          335.43
 Land tenure                       333.3             economics                       335.43
   economics                       333.3           Leopards
     see Manual at 333.73–.78 vs. 333,               resource economics              333.959 755 4
        333.1–.5                                   Letters of credit                 332.77
 Land transfer                     333.33          Librarians
   economics                       333.33         N strikes (work stoppages)         331.892 810 2
 Land use                          333.731 3       License fees
   economics                       333.731 3         public revenues                 336.16
     see Manual at 333.73–.78 vs. 333,            I Lichen conservation              333.953
        333.1–.5                                   Lichens
I Land use mapping                 333.731 3      I Effect of logging on             333.95
 Land valuation                    333.332         Life estates
 Land value taxation               336.225           land economics                  333.323 4
 Landlord and tenant               333.54          Limited companies                 338.74
N land economics                   333.54              see also Corporations
 Landlord-tenant relations    333.54              I Linear property                  333.338
N land economics                   333.54          Lion
 Landowners                        333.009 2         resource economics              333.959 757
 Large business                    338.644        I Lip care preparations
   economics                       338.644               industry               338.476 157 78
 Large industry                    338.644        NLiqueur industry                  338.476 635 5
 Latin America                                    I Liquid crystal display
N economic conditions              330.98                industry 338.476 213 815 422
N economic development             338.98         I Livestock diversification   338.162
N economic policy                  338.98          Living standard
 Launch complexes                                    macroeconomics                  339.47
N industry                    338.476 294 78      I Living wage movement             331.23
 Law                                               Lizards
N enterprises                      338.761 34        resource economics              333.957 94
 Law firms                                         Loan brokers                      332.3
I Ratings and rankings             338.761 34      Loans                             332.7
 Law of supply and demand          338.521           economics                       332.7
 Layoffs of employees                                   banking services             332.175 3
   economics                       331.259 6            central banking              332.113
      employment security          331.259 6         public revenues                 336.15
      unemployment                 331.137         Lobsters
      union control                331.889 6         fishing industry                338.372 538 4
 League of Arab States                               resource economics              333.955 54
   finance                         336.091 68     I Local exchange trading
 League of Nations                                       systems                     332.4
   finance                         336.091 62      Local finance                     336.014
 Leases                                              public finance                  336.014
   real property                   333.5           Local government
      economics                    333.5             grants-in-aid                   336.185
      public                       333.16          Local taxation                    336.201 4
                                                  N public finance                   336.201 4

                                                159
                                 DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                 ____
 Local transit                                        Managed care plans
I Right of way                     333.336           N finance                     338.433 621 042 58
 Locality pay                      331.216 6          Managed care plans (Medical
 Locals (Unions)                   331.872               care)
    see also Labor unions                            I Finance                     338.433 621 042 58
 Location of business                                 Managed currency                  332.46
     enterprises                   338.09             Managed floating exchange
    see also Business enterprises —                      rates                          332.456 4
       location                                       Management                        *
    see Manual at 338.091–.099 vs.                      see Manual at 330 vs. 650, 658
       332.67309, 338.6042                            Managerial occupations            331.761 658
 Lockouts                          331.894            Managers                          338.092
   economics                       331.894             labor economics                  331.761 658
NLong-service leave                331.257 6          Manatees
 Long waves (Economics)            338.54              resource economics               333.959 55
 Long-term capital                 332.041 4         NManpower                          331.11
 Longevity pay                     331.216 6          Manpower shortages                331.136
I Loss aversion                    330.157            Manufacturers                     338.476 709 2
 Lottery income                                        directories                      338.767 025
   public finance                  336.17             Manufactures                      338.476 7
I Lottery proceeds                 336.17             Manufacturing
I Low-impact trail riding          333.78              taxes                            336.207
I Low-income tenants               333.508 694 2      Manufacturing industries          338.476 7
 Lowland game birds                                  N energy economics                 333.796 5
   resource economics              333.958 41         Manufacturing workers
 Lumber industry                   338.476 74          labor economics                  331.767
 Lunch periods                                        Maoism                            335.434 5
   labor economics                 331.257 6           economics                        335.434 5
I Luxury goods industry            338.47             Margin                            332.645
 Luxury tax                        336.271             multiple forms of investment
   public finance                  336.271                                         332.645
 Lynx                                                  stocks                           332.632 28
   resource economics              333.959 753        Marginal costs                    338.514 2
                                                      Marginal productivity theory
                       M                               land economics                   333.012
                                                       wages                            331.210 1
 Machines in industry             338.06              Marginal revenue                  338.516
 Macroeconomic policy             339.5               Marginal utility school
 Macroeconomics                   339                    (Economics)                    330.157
   see Manual at 332, 336 vs. 339                     Marginalist school
I Mahogany industry         338.476 741 42               (Economics)                    330.157
NMake-work arrangements           331.120 424        I Mariculture industry             338.371 8
E labor relations                 331.889 6          I Marine biodiversity              333.956
I Making change (Money                               I Marine biodiversity
      transaction)                332.4                   conservation                  333.956 16
NMale child care workers    331.761 649 108 1        I Marine biological invasions      333.956
I                                 331.761 649         Marine biological resources
108 1                                                N abuse                            333.956 137
 Malfeasance by employees                            N conservation                     333.956 16
  labor economics                 331.259 8            resource economics               333.956
 Malthusian economic school       330.153            I Marine ecological regions 333.918
 Mammals                                             I Marine ecosystem management
  resource economics              333.954                                         333.956
                                                     I Marine ecotourism                333.916 416

                                                   160
                                        RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                      ____
 Marine invertebrates                                Men
  resource economics             333.955              labor economics                    331.561
 Marine mammals                                      Menger, Carl
  resource economics             333.959 5            economic school                    330.157
 Marine resources                333.916 4          I Men’s products                     338.020 81
I Management                     333.916 4          N economics                          338.020 81
 Market economy                  330.122             Men’s services
 Marketing cooperatives          334.6              N economics                          338.020 81
NMarketing research companies                        Mercantile credit                   332.742
                           338.761 658 83            Mercantilism (Economic
I                                338.761 658 83          school)                         330.151 3
I Markup                         338.52              Mergers                             338.83
 Married women                                        banks                              332.16
  labor economics                331.43               economics                          338.83
 Marsupials                                          Merit pay                           331.216 4
  resource economics             333.959 2            labor economics                    331.216 4
 Marxian socialism               335.4               Metalworking
  economics                      335.4                production economics               338.476 71
 Marxism                         335.4              I Metropolitan area network
  economics                      335.4                     industry                      338.470 046
 Marxism-Leninism                335.43              Microeconomics                      338.5
N Eastern Europe                 335.430 947        I Microfinance                       332
  economics                      335.43              Microorganisms
 Marxist-Leninists               335.430 92           resource economics                  333.953
 Marxists                        335.409 2          NMicroscope industry             338.476 814 13
 Maternity leave                 331.44             I                                     338.476 814 13
  economics                      331.44             I Mid-capitalization stocks      332.632 2
 Mathematical economics          330.015 1           Middle-aged people
  economic school                330.154 3            labor economics                    331.394
 Mathematical school                                 Middle-aged workers                 331.394
    (Economics)                  330.154 3          N economics                          331.394
 Meadows                         333.74              Migrant agricultural laborers
P see also Grasslands                               I Housing                            331.544
 Meat                                                Migrant agricultural workers
  commercial processing                               economics                           331.544
    economics                    338.476 649         Migrant workers                      331.544
 Meat processing industry        338.476 649          economics                           331.544
   see also Meat                                     Military pensions               331.252 913 55
 Mechanization                                       Military-industrial complex
  agricultural economics         338.161              economics                           338.473 55
  economics                      338.064            N      United States             338.473 550 097 3
  mineral industries             338.26             I Military-owned business
  secondary industries           338.45                    enterprises                   338.62
 Mediation                                           Mill, John Stuart
  labor economics                331.891 42           economic school                    330.153
 Medical care                                        Mined lands                         333.765
N finance                        338.433 621          economics                          333.765
 Medical economics               338.473 621         Mineral commodities                 338.27
I Medical savings accounts       338.433 621          investment economics               332.644 2
N                                338.433 621         Mineral industries                  338.2
 Medicine                                             enterprises                        338.762 2
  economics                      338.473 621          products                           338.27
 Mediums of exchange             332.4              I Mineral investment                 332.672 2
                                                    I                                    338.23

                                                  161
                              DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                             ____
Mineral resources                                  Money                            332.4
 land economics                333.85               economics                       332.4
                               333.851            N Europe                          332.494
Mineral rights                                    N Switzerland                     332.494 94
 public revenue                336.12             N United States                   332.497 3
 sale and rental               333.339            N West Africa                     332.496 6
Minerals                                          I Money illusion                  332.401
 economics                     338.2               Money market funds               332.632 7
   resources                   333.85              Money orders                     332.76
                               333.851             Money supply                     332.4
 Miners                                             effect on value of money        332.414
  labor economics              331.762 2          I Moneylenders                    332.3
 Minimum wage                  331.23              Monometallic standards           332.422
 Mining                                            Monopoly                         338.82
  enterprises                  338.762 2            economics                       338.82
  labor economics              331.762 2            international economics         338.884
  production economics         338.2              I Moor conservation               333.73
 Minks                                            I                                 333.918
  resource economics       333.959 766 27          Moose
 Minority enterprises           338.642 2           resource economics              333.959 657
  economics                     338.642 2         I Moral hazard                    330.01
NMinority professional                            I Mormon money                    332.497 3
      employees                331.710 8           Mortgage banks                   332.32
I                              331.710 8           Mortgage bonds                   332.632 3
 Minting policies              332.46             I Mortgage brokers                332.72
 Misconduct by employees                           Mortgage certificates            332.632 3
  labor economics              331.259 8           Mortgage defaults                332.72
 Mixed economies               330.126             Mortgage delinquencies           332.72
 Mobile homes                                     I Mortgage redemption fees        332.72
  economics                    333.338             Mortgages                        332.72
  property tax                 336.23               credit economics                332.72
 Mollusks                                           investment economics            332.632 44
  fishing industry              338.372 4          Mountain goat
  resource economics            333.955 4           resource economics              333.959 647 5
 Monetarism                     330.155 3          Mountain lion
 Monetary policy                332.46              resource economics              333.959 752 4
  economics                     332.46            I Mountain meadows                333.74
    central banking             332.112           I Mountain watersheds             333.73
    international               332.456 6          Mountains
N European Union                332.456 609 4       land economics                  333.73
  macroeconomics                339.53              recreational resources          333.784
N mathematical models      332.460 151 18          Moving household goods
N Switzerland                   332.494 94        N finance                         338.436 489
N United States                 332.497 3          Moving, Household
 Monetary reform                                  I Costs                           338.436 489
  international                332.456 6           Mule deer
 Monetary stabilization        332.415              resource economics              333.959 653
  international banking        332.152            I Multiemployer defined
 Monetary standards            332.42                   benefit pension plans       331.252
 Monetary theory               332.401             Multilateral agreements
 Monetary unions                                    international economics         337.1
N European Union               332.456 609 4       Multilateral economic
                                                      cooperation                   337.1
                                                     see Manual at 337.3–.9 vs. 337.1

                                                162
                                           RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                   ____
 Multinational enterprises     338.88                  National parks
   see also International enterprises                   conservation of natural
NMultiple banking                   332.16                   resources                    333.72
I Multiple use management areas                           see Manual at 333.7–.9 vs. 508,
                             333.7                           913–919, 930–990
N                                   333.7              National planning
 Multiplier (Economics)             339.43              economics                         338.9
NMultiplier principle               339.43             National product
I Multiproduct firms                338.7                  (Macroeconomics)               339.31
 Municipal bankruptcy               336.368           NNational protected area
 Municipal bonds                    332.632 33              systems                       333.72
 Municipal finance                  336.014           I National protected areas
  public finance                    336.014                 systems                       333.72
 Municipal franchises                                  National resources
  public revenue                    336.16              conservation                      339.49
 Murres                                               N     macroeconomics                339.49
  resource economics                333.958 33         National socialism                 335.6
 Muskrats                                               economics                         335.6
  resource economics                333.959 357 9      National taxation                  336.201 2
 Mustelidae                                             public finance                    336.201 2
  resource economics                333.959 766        National unions                    331.872
I Mutilated coins                   332.404 2             see also Labor unions
 Mutual aid societies               334.7             I National Vocational
  economics                         334.7                   Qualifications (Great
 Mutual funds                       332.632 7               Britain)                 331.259 209 41
I Taxation                          336.24            N                                   331.259 209 41
 Mutual savings banks               332.21             National wealth                    339.3
                                                        conservation                      339.49
                        N                              Nationalization of industry 338.924
                                                       Nationalization of property 333.14
I Nanostructured materials                              land economics                    333.14
      industry                    338.476 205          Native plants
 Nanotechnology                                         resource economics                333.953 3
N economics                       338.476 205          Natural areas                      333.951 6
I Naps (Sleep) in the workplace                         biological resource
                            331.257 6                        conservation                 333.951 6
NNASDAQ                           332.643 097 3         land conservation                 333.731 6
NNational Association of                                wildlife conservation             333.954 16
      Securities Dealers          332.643 097 3           see also Wildlife reserves
 National bankruptcy              336.368              Natural gas
 National banks                   332.122 3             extractive economics              338.272 85
 National borrowing               336.343 3             resource economics                333.823 3
    see also National debt                              technology
 National debt                    336.343 3                economics                      338.476 657
  macroeconomic policy            339.523             I Natural gas vehicle industry      338.476 292
  public finance                  336.343 3           204 3
 National forests                 333.75               Natural gas vehicles
    see also Forest lands                             N industry                     338.476 292 204 3
 National income                  339.32              I Natural rate of unemployment
  distribution                    339.2                                            331.137
 National income theory of                             Natural resource management        333.7
     wages                        331.210 1               see Manual at 333.7–.9 vs. 363.1,
                                                             363.73, 577


                                                    163
                                  DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                    ____
 Natural resources                  333.7              Nitrogen fertilizers
I Co-management                     333.7             N economics                   338.476 686 24
   conservation                     333.72             NNP (Macroeconomics)              339.32
      see Manual at 333.72 vs. 304.28,                I No-load mutual funds             332.632 7
           320.58, 363.7                               Non-governmental
   economics                        333.7                  organizations
      see Manual at 333.73–.78 vs. 333,               I Taxation                         336.2
           333.1–.5                                   I Non-timber forest resources      333.751 1
I Management                        333.7              Nonalcoholic beverages
N philosophy                        333.701           N industry                         338.476 636
N reclamation                       333.715 3          Nonnative animals                 333.954 3
N rehabilitation                    333.715 3            resource economics              333.954 3
   restoration                      333.715 3          Nonnative plants                  333.953 3
    see Manual at 333.7–.9 vs. 363.1,                    resource economics              333.953 3
       363.73, 577                                     Nonnative species                 333.952 3
    see Manual at 333.7–.9 vs. 363.6                     resource economics              333.952 3
 Naturalized species                333.952 3          Nontax revenues                   336.1
I Naturalness (Environmental                             public finance                  336.1
      sciences)                     333.701           I Normative economics              330.01
 Nature reserves                                       North American native peoples
   biological resource                                N labor economics                  331.639 7
       conservation                 333.951 6          North Korean communism            335.434 6
 Naval stores                                            economics                       335.434 6
N economics                         338.476 653 3      NOW accounts                      332.175 22
I Naval stores industry             338.476 653 3      Nuclear energy                    333.792 4
 Navigable waters                                        economics                       333.792 4
   land economics                   333.915            Nuclear energy industry           333.792 4
 Nazism                             335.6              Nuclear fuels
   economics                        335.6                resource economics              333.854 93
 Negotiable instruments             332.76
 Negotiable order of                                                         O
     withdrawal accounts            332.175 22
 Negotiation                                          Occupational guidance             331.702
   collective bargaining            331.891 2           see also Vocational guidance
 Neo-Nazism                         335.6             Occupational mobility
   economics                        335.6              economics                        331.127 2
I Neo-Nazis                         335.6             Occupational specialties          331.702
I Neo-Nazism                        335.6               see also Vocational guidance
 Neoclassical economics             330.157           Occupations                       331.7
 Neoclassical school                                   active employment                331.125
     (Economics)                    330.157            collective bargaining            331.890 4
 Net national product               339.32             compensation                     331.28
 Net worth                                             demand                           331.123
   personal finance                 332.024 01         economics                        331.7
 New business enterprises                              employment conditions            331.204
I Taxation                          336.207            industrial relations             331.04
NNew York Stock Exchange            332.642 73         labor force                      331.119
 NI (Macroeconomics)                339.32             labor market                     331.129
 Night work                         331.257 4          labor unions                     331.881
N economics                         331.257 4         N opportunities                   331.124
 Nitro compounds                                       pensions                         331.252 9
   chemical engineering                                strikes (work stoppages)         331.892 8
N     industry                 338.476 618 94          unemployment                     331.137 8
I Nitrogen fertilizer industry 338.476 686 24         N United States                   331.700 973

                                                    164
                                           RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                    ____
 Ocean thermal power                                   Organization of production 338.6
     conversion                     333.914              economics                         338.6
I Ocean zoning                      333.916 417       I Organizational justice             331.011
 Oceans                                                Organizations
   resource economics               333.916 4            business enterprises              338.7
N      conservation                 333.916 416              see also Business enterprises
N      control of usage             333.916 417        Oryx
 Office workers                                          resource economics                333.959 645
   labor economics                  331.761 651 3     I Ostrich feather industry           338.176 694
I Offshore oil and gas leases 333.11                  NOstrich products industry 338.176 694
 Oil (Petroleum)                                      I                                    338.176 694
   extractive economics             338.272 82         OTC market                          332.643
N      strikes (work stoppages)     331.892 822        Otters
338 2                                                    resource economics                333.959 769
   processing                                          Otters (River otters)
     economics                      338.476 655          resource economics                333.959 769 2
     enterprises                    338.766 55         Outdoor life
   resource economics               333.823 2         N industry                           338.477 965
 Oil depletion allowance            336.243 16        I Outdoor recreation industry        338.477 965
 Old age pensions                   331.252            Outer space
    see also Pensions                                 I Civilian use                       333.94
I Old growth forest                                      resource economics                333.94
       conservation                 333.751 6         I Outfitting industry                338.477 965
 Old-growth forests                 333.75             Over-the-counter markets            332.643
    see also Forest lands                             N United States                      332.643 097 3
 Older people                                         I Overnight funds                    332.74
N financial institutions            332.108 46         Overtime pay                        331.216 2
   labor economics                  331.398            Overtime work                       331.257 2
 Older workers                      331.398            Owenism                             335.12
N economics                         331.398            Owls
    see also Older people                                resource economics                333.958 97
 Oligopoly                          338.82             Ownership
   economics                        338.82               land economics                    333.3
   international economics          338.884                  see also Land tenure
 On-the-job training                331.259 2          Ownership of land                   333.3
    see also Vocational education                          see also Land tenure
 One-person corporations            338.74            I Oyster surveys                     333.955 411 1
    see also Corporations                              Oysters
I Online stockbrokers               332.642 028 5        fishing industry                  338.372 44
 Open economy                       330.122           N reserves                           333.955 411 1
 Open-end mutual funds              332.632 7            resource economics                333.955 41
 Open shop                          331.889 2
 Open-field system                                                              P
   land economics                   333.2
 Open-market operations             332.114           I Pacific herring fisheries   338.372 745 2
   central banking                  332.114            Paid vacations                    331.257 6
   macroeconomic policy             339.53               labor economics                 331.257 6
I Operational risk                  338.5             I Paintbrush industry         338.476 676 028 4
 Options (Finance)                  332.645 3          Painting equipment
N multiple forms of investment                        N economics                   338.476 676 028 4
                              332.645 3               I Pairs trading                    332.632 28
N stocks                            332.632 283        Pampas                            333.74
NOrange industry                    338.174 31        P see also Grasslands
NOrganic drug industry              338.476 153

                                                    165
                                 DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                 ____
 Panda (Giant)                                       NPenny stocks                      332.632 2
   resource economics              333.959 789          speculation                     332.632 28
 Panics (Economics)                338.542            Pension funds                     331.252 4
 Panther (Puma)                                         investment by                   332.672 54
   resource economics              333.959 752 4         see also Pensions
 Paper money                       332.42             Pension reform                    331.252 2
   economics                       332.42                see also Pensions
   form of currency                332.404 4          Pension trusts                    331.252 4
 Paper standard                    332.42               investment by                   332.672 54
 Parental leave                    331.257 63            see also Pensions
 Pareto, Vilfredo                                     Pensions                          331.252
   economic school                 330.154 3            economics                       331.252
I Park concessions                 338.479 1         N United States                    331.252 097 3
I Park lodging facilities          338.476 479 4      Percentage renting
I Park naturalists                 333.783 092       N agricultural land economics
N                                  333.783 092                                    333.335 563
 Parks                                                  land economics                  333.563
   land economics                  333.783            Performance awards                331.216 4
 Parrots                                                labor economics                 331.216 4
   resource economics              333.958 71        NPersonal budgets                  332.024
 Part-time work                    331.257 27         Personal finance                  332.024
 Part-time employment              331.257 27         Personal income                   339.32
I Part-time lawyers                331.257 27        N macroeconomics                   339.32
 Participatory management          331.011 2              distribution                  339.22
 Partnership associations          338.7              Personal income tax               336.242
    see also Unincorporated business                    public finance                  336.242
        enterprises                                   Personal loans                    332.743
 Partnerships                      338.73             Personal property tax             336.23
   economics                       338.73               public finance                  336.23
   income tax                      336.242 3          Personal wealth
 Partnerships (continued)                               taxes                           336.24
   taxes                           336.207           I Petite clothing industry    338.476 870 82
I Pastis industry                  338.476 635 5      Petroleum
 Pasture lands                     333.74               extractive economics            338.272 8
P see also Grasslands                                   processing
 Paternity leave                   331.257 63             economics                     338.476 655
I Pattern bargaining               331.891 2              enterprises                   338.766 55
 Pawnbrokers                       332.34               resource economics              333.823
 Pawnbroking                       332.34             Petroleum industry                338.272 8
 Pawnshops                         332.34             Phalansterianism (Socialist
 Pay differentials                 331.22                 school)
 Pay equity                        331.215 3            economics                       335.23
 Payments in lieu of taxes                           I Pharmaceutical biotechnology
   public finance                  336.185                 industry                     338.476 153
 Payroll tax                       336.242 2          Pharmaceutical industry           338.476 151
N public finance                   336.242 2          Pheasants
 Peanuts                                                resource economics              333.958 625
   agricultural economics          338.173 368        Physical conditions of work 331.256
   commercial processing                                 see also Work environment
     economics               338.476 647 26          I Physician practice
I Peatland conservation            333.918                 acquisitions            338.836 136 217 2
 Penal institutions                                  N                                  338.836 136
   energy economics                333.796 4         217 2


                                                   166
                                           RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                    ____
 Physiocracy (Economic school)                          Poll tax                           336.25
                               330.152                    public finance                   336.25
 PI (Macroeconomics)                339.32              Pollution                          *
   distribution                     339.22                 see Manual at 333.7–.9 vs. 363.1,
 Picketing                          331.892 7                  363.73, 577
NPiece-work                         331.216 4           Ponds
N labor economics                   331.216 4             resource economics               333.916 3
 Piecework                          331.216 4           Pools (Organizations)              338.87
   labor economics                  331.216 4              see also Combinations (Enterprises)
 Pikes (Fishes)                                         Poor
   resource economics               333.956 59         I Employment                        331.54
I Pingers in bycatch prevention                        NPoor tenants                       333.508 694 2
                             333.956 16                 Portfolio analysis                 332.6
 Piperales                                              Portfolio management               332.6
   pharmaceuticals                                      Post-Keynesian economics           330.156
N      industry                338.476 153 232 5       I Post Office Strike, Great
 Placement of workers               331.128                   Britain, 1971 331.892 813 834 941 090 47
   economics                        331.128             Postage stamps
N Great Britain                     331.128 094 1         investment economics             332.63
 Planned economies                  330.124             Postal savings banks               332.22
   economic theory                  335                 Postal service workers
 Plant closing                      338.604 2             strikes (work stoppages)
   labor economics                  331.259 6               Great Britain
      employment security           331.259 6          N        1970–1979 331.892 813 834 941 090 47
      unemployment                  331.137             Poultry
   production economics             338.604 2             agricultural economics           338.176 5
NPlant conservation                 333.953 16          Poultry (Meat)
N economics                         333.953 16            commercial processing
 Plant diseases                                             economics                      338.476 649 3
   agricultural economics           338.14             NPound (United Kingdom)             332.494 1
NPlant diversity                    333.953             Poverty
I                                   333.953               macroeconomics                   339.46
I Plant diversity conservation      333.953 16          Power (Energy)                     333.79
 Plant resources                    333.953                see also Electricity
N conservation                      333.953 16             see also Energy
 Plant shutdowns                    338.604 2           Power resources                    333.79
     see also Plant closing                                see also Energy resources
I Plant species diversity           333.953            I Prairie restoration               333.741 53
 Plant varieties                                        Prairies                           333.74
   resource economics               333.953 4          I Management                        333.74
I Plantation overseers              331.117 34         P see also Grasslands
 Plants                                                I Prefabricated house industry      338.476 939 7
   resource economics               333.953             Prefabricated materials
N      conservation                 333.953 16         N economics                         338.476 939 7
 Plastics industry                  338.476 684         Preferential hiring
 Poland                                                   union security arrangements
N economic policy                   338.943 8                                         331.889 6
 Polar bear                                             Preferred stocks                   332.632 25
   resource economics               333.959 786           speculation                      332.632 28
I Polar bear watching industry                          Price control (Government) 338.526
                             338.475 997 86               economics                        338.526
N                                   338.475 997 86      Price determination                338.52
 Political prisoners                                      economics                        338.52
   labor economics                  331.51

                                                     167
                                  DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                ____
 Price fixing                       338.523         Private property
   economics                        338.523           land economics                   333.3
 Price indexes                      338.528              see also Land tenure
 Price leadership                   338.523         Privatization                      338.925
 Price levels                       338.528         N Latin America                    338.980 5
 Price policy                       338.52          Produce (Agricultural
 Price statistics                   338.528             products)                      338.17
 Price supports                                        see also Agricultural products
   agricultural economics           338.18          NProducer cooperatives             334.6
   economics                        338.52          Producers’ cooperatives            334.6
 Price-demand relationship     338.521 2            Product accounts
 Price-earnings ratio               332.632 21          (Macroeconomics)               339.31
 Price-supply relationship     338.521 3            Product catalogs                   338.020 29
 Prices                             338.52            manufacturing industries         338.402 9
   agricultural industries          338.13          Product directories                338.020 29
   economics                        338.52            manufacturing industries         338.402 9
   land economics                   333.332 3       Production capacity
   macroeconomics                   339.42            secondary industries             338.45
   mineral industries               338.23          Production controls
   regulation                       338.526             (Economic programs)            338.9
     economics                      338.526         Production cooperatives            334.6
   secondary industries             338.43          Production economics               338
   stocks                           332.632 22      Production efficiency              338.06
   theories                         338.521           agricultural industries          338.16
NPrices and income policy           339.5             economics                        338.06
N inflation control                 332.415           mineral industries               338.26
 Pricing                            338.52            secondary industries             338.45
I Prickly pear industry             338.174 775     Production forecasting             338.544
 Primary industries                 338             Production forecasts               338.544 3
   economics                        338             Production resources               338.09
   products                         338.02          Productivity
 Primates                                             agricultural industries          338.16
   resource economics               333.959 8         labor economics                  331.118
 Prisoners (Convicts)                                 mineral industries               338.26
   labor economics                  331.51            production economics             338.06
 Prisoners of war                                     secondary industries             338.45
   labor economics                  331.51          Products                           338.02
 Private banks                      332.123           agricultural industries          338.17
 Private companies                  338.7                see also Agricultural products
    see also Business enterprises                     economics                        338.02
 Private enterprise                 338.61            mineral industries               338.27
I Private equity                    332.6               production economics           338.27
I Private forests                   333.335 7         secondary industries             338.4
 Private investment                 332.6               production economics           338.4
   economics                        332.6           Professional corporations     338.761
   international                    332.673           mergers                          338.836 1
I Private investments in                              restrictive practices            338.826 1
       public equity                332.632 2       Professional employees             331.71
 Private investors                  332.6              see also Professional workers
   economics                        332.6           Professional fees
   international                    332.673           labor economics                  331.216 6
 Private land                       333.3           Professional relationships
    see also Land                                     economics                        331.7


                                                  168
                                           RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                   ____
 Professional services              338.46            NProvincial finance                 336.013
N economics                         338.46             Provincial planning
 Professional workers               331.71               economics                        338.9
   labor economics                  331.71             Provincial taxation                336.201 3
N United States                     331.710 973          public finance                   336.201 3
NProfessionals                      331.71             Psoriasis
N labor economics                   331.71               therapy
    see also Professional workers                     N      economics               338.476 165 260 6
 Professions                        331.71            I Psoriasis treatment products
N United States                     331.710 973              industry                338.476 165 260 6
 Profit sharing                     331.216 47        NPsychotropic drugs industry        338.476 157 88
   labor economics                  331.216 47        I                                   338.476 157 88
 Profits                            338.516            Public borrowing                   336.34
   agricultural industries          338.13                see also Public debt
   income distribution              339.21             Public credit
   mineral industries               338.23               public finance                   336.34
   production economics             338.516            Public debt                        336.34
   secondary industries             338.43               macroeconomic policy             339.523
   taxes                            336.243              public finance                   336.34
N      public finance               336.243            Public enterprise
 Progressive taxation               336.293                (Organization of
 Promissory notes                   332.77                 production)                    338.62
 Pronghorn                                             Public enterprises                 338.749
   resource economics               333.959 639           see also Government corporations
 Property                                              Public expenditures                336.39
   economic theory                  330.17               macroeconomic policy             339.522
 Property management                                     public finance                   336.39
N real estate                       333.506 8          Public expenditures
 Property tax                       336.22                 limitation                     336.39
N public finance                    336.22               public finance                   336.39
 Proportional taxation              336.293            Public finance                     336
 Proprietor’s income                                     economics                        336
   macroeconomics                   339.21            N United States                     336.73
 Proprietorships                    338.72                see Manual at 332, 336 vs. 339
   economics                        338.72             Public forests                     333.75
   income tax                       336.242 3            economics                        333.75
   taxes                            336.207                acquisition and disposal       333.11
 Prosperity                                            Public forests (continued)
   economics                        338.542           P see also Forest lands
 Prostitution                                          Public insolvency                  336.368
N economics                         338.473 067 4      Public investment                  332.672 52
NProtected areas                    333.72               international                    332.673 12
I                                   333.72             Public issues (Securities)    332.632
 Protection of natural                                    see also Public offerings
     resources                      333.72                    (Securities)
    see also Conservation of natural                   Public land sales                  333.16
        resources                                        economics                        333.16
 Protest stoppages                  331.892            Public lands                       333.1
    see also Strikes (Work stoppages)                    economics                        333.1
I Prout (Economic theory)           330.15               revenue source                   336.12
 Provident societies                334.7              Public limited companies           338.749
   economics                        334.7                 see also Corporations
 Provincial banks                   332.122 4
NProvincial debt                    336.343 2

                                                    169
                                  DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                 ____
 Public offerings (Securities) 332.632
   financial economics              332.632                                  R
   public finance                   336.36
                                                       Rabbits
 Public ownership
                                                        resource economics               333.959 32
   land economics                   333.1
                                                       Race discrimination in
 Public property
                                                           employment                    331.6
   land economics                   333.1
                                                       Radio components
 Public spending                    336.39
                                                      N economics                  338.476 213 841 3
     see also Public expenditures
                                                       Radio devices
 Public utilities                   *
     see Manual at 333.7–.9 vs. 363.6                 N economics                  338.476 213 841 3
 Publishers                                            Railroads
   business organizations           338.761 070 5       investment in                    332.672 2
                                                       Rain forests                      333.75
NPublishing industry                338.470 705
                                                          see also Forest lands
I Pueblo business enterprises       338.708 997 4
                                                       Range plants
 Puma
                                                      I Control                          333.74
   resource economics               333.959 752 4
 Purchase of real property     333.33                 I Rangeland health                 333.74
   economics                        333.33             Rangelands                        333.74
      private ownership             333.33            I Monitoring                       333.74
      public ownership              333.13            P see also Grasslands
 Purchasing power                   339.42             Raptors (Birds)
   cost of living                   339.42              resource economics               333.958 9
   value of money                   332.41             Rare animals                      333.954 2
 Purchasing power parity            332.456             resource economics               333.954 2
NPut options                        332.645 3          Rare birds                        333.958 22
N multiple forms of investment                          resource economics               333.958 22
                              332.645 3               I Rare earth industry              338.274 94
N stocks                            332.632 283        Rare earths
 Puts (Finance)                     332.645 3         N production economics             338.274 94
   multiple forms of investment                        Rare fishes                       333.956 8
                               332.645 3                resource economics               333.956 8
   stocks                           332.632 283        Rare mammals                      333.954 2
 Puts and calls                     332.645 3           resource economics               333.954 2
   multiple forms of investment                        Rare plants                       333.953 2
                               332.645 3                resource economics               333.953 2
   stocks                           332.632 283       N     conservation                 333.953 216
                                                       Rare reptiles                     333.957 2
                        Q                               resource economics               333.957 2
                                                       Rare species                      333.952 2
 Quails                                                 resource economics               333.952 2
  resource economics              333.958 627         N     United States          333.952 209 73
 Qualifications of employees 331.114                   Rates (Real property taxes) 336.22
  economics                       331.114               public finance                   336.22
 Quality of work life                                  Rationing                         333.717
  labor economics                 331.256                 see Manual at 333.7–.9 vs. 363.6
 Quantity theory                                       Raw materials                     333.7
  monetary economics              332.401               economics                        333.7
I Quarter eagle (Coin)            332.404 2            Real estate                       333.3
 Quesnay, François                                    N credit economics                 332.72
  economic school                 330.152               investment economics             332.632 4
                                                        land economics                   333.3
                                                          see Manual at 333.73–.78 vs. 333,
                                                             333.1–.5

                                                    170
                                           RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                  ____
NReal estate agents                 333.33             Redundancy (Layoff)
 Real estate business               333.33            N economics                        331.259 6
 Real estate development            333.731 5         N     employment security          331.259 6
 Real estate finance                332.72            N     unemployment                 331.137
 Real estate investment trusts      332.632 47         Reforestation                     333.751 53
I Real estate limited                                   resource economics               333.751 53
      partnerships                  333.33             Regional development              338.9
NReal estate management             333.506 8          Regional planning
 Real estate market                 333.332 2           economics                        338.9
 Real estate syndication            332.632 47        I Regionally important
I Real options (Finance)            332.63                  geological and
 Real property                      333.3                   geomorphological sites
I Boundaries                        333.08                  (Great Britain)              333.73
I Ownership                         333.3              Regressive taxation               336.293
    see also Real estate                               Rehabilitation
I Real property auctions            333.333             natural resources                333.715 3
 Real property market               333.332 2          Rehabilitation training
 Real property tax                  336.22              labor economics                  331.259 2
N public finance                    336.22             Reindeer
NRealtors                           333.33              resource economics               333.959 658
 Receivership                       332.75             REIT                              332.632 47
    see also Bankruptcy                               NRelationship banking              332.106 88
 Recently extinct species           333.952 2         I                                  332.106 88
    see also entries beginning Rare                    Religious groups
 Recession (Economics)              338.542             labor economics                  331.58
 Reclamation                                          NRemnant vegetation                333.953 2
  natural resources                 333.715 3         I                                  333.953 2
 Reclamation of land                333.731 53        I Remnant vegetation
    see also Land reclamation                               conservation                 333.953 216
 Recognition of unions              331.891 2         I Remnant vegetation management
 Recovery                                                                          333.953 2
  economics                         338.542            Renewable energy resources        333.794
 Recreation                                             economics                        333.794
N industry                          338.477 9          Rent
  land economics                    333.78              income distribution              339.21
I Recreation industry               338.477 9           land economics                   333.5
NRecreational dive industry 338.477 972 3               public revenue                   336.12
I                                   338.477 972 3      Rent (Economic theory)            333.012
 Recreational lands                 333.78            N land economics                   333.012
  economics                         333.78             Renting
     government acquisition and                         land economics                   333.5
          disposal                  333.11             Reparations
 Recreational water resources       333.784             revenue source                   336.182
 Redemption (Public debt)                              Repayment (Public debt)
  public finance                    336.363             public finance                   336.363
 Rediscount                         332.84             Reptiles
 Redlining                                              resource economics               333.957
N mortgage loans                    332.72             Repudiation of debt
 Reduced work week                  331.257             public finance                   336.368
 Reduction in force                                   I Reservation wage                 331.21
  economics                         331.259 6          Reserve requirements
     employment security            331.259 6           central banking                  332.113
     unemployment                   331.137            Reserves (Natural resources)      333.711


                                                    171
                                   DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                 ____
 Reservoirs                                           Revenue sharing                   336.185
  recreational resources           333.784 6            public finance                  336.185
 Residential finance               332.722            Revenue stamps                    336.272
 Residential land                  333.77               public finance                  336.272
  resource economics               333.77             Revolutionary unions
  taxation                         336.225              labor economics                 331.886
 Residential water supply                             Rhinoceroses
  economics                        333.912 2            resource economics              333.959 668
 Resorts                                              Ricardo, David
  land economics                   333.78               economic rent theory            333.012
 Resource development                                   economic school                 330.153
  banking                          332.153            Rice
     domestic                      332.28               agricultural economics          338.173 18
     international                 332.153              commercial processing
  natural resources                333.715                economics                338.476 647 25
 Resources                                            RIF (Layoff)
  natural                          333.7                economics                       331.259 6
      see also Natural resources                          employment security           331.259 6
 Rest periods                                             unemployment                  331.137
  labor economics                  331.257 6          Right of way
 Restoration                                            economics
  natural resources                333.715 3              sale and rental               333.336
 Restraint of trade                                   Right to labor                    331.889 2
     (Competition)                 338.604 8          Right to strike                   331.892 01
  economics                        338.604 8          Right to work                     331.889 2
 Restrictive practices             338.82            I Riparian restoration             333.917
  economics                        338.82             Risk
  international economics          338.884              economics                       338.5
 Retained profits                                     Risk assessment
  capital formation                332.041 52           natural resources               333.714
 Retired people                                            see Manual at 333.7–.9 vs. 363.1,
  labor economics                  331.5                        363.73, 577
 Retirees                                             Risk capital                      332.041 54
I Employment                       331.5              River basins
  labor economics                  331.5                land economics                  333.73
 Retirement                                           Rivers
  financial planning               332.024 014          recreational resources          333.784 5
 Retirement age                                         resource economics              333.916 2
  economics                        331.252           N restoration                      333.916 215 3
 Retirement benefits               331.252            Roads
 Retirement income                 332.024 014          land economics                  333.77
  pensions                         331.252                acquisition and disposal      333.11
      see also Pensions                                   urban land use                333.77
  personal finance                 332.024 014        Rolling stock
  tax economics                    336.242 8            production economics            338.476 252
I Retirement industry              338.473 063 8      Roscher, Wilhelm
N                                  338.473 063 8        economic school                 330.154 2
 Retirement investment plans       332.024 014 5      Rotation of crops
 Retirement planning               332.024 014          economics                       338.162
 Retraining                                           Rural electrification             333.793 2
  labor economics                  331.259 24         Rural lands                       333.76
 Revenue                           336.02            N improvement                      333.761 52
  public finance                   336.02               sale and rental                 333.335


                                                   172
                                            RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                 ____
Russia                                                 Savings-consumption
N economic conditions             330.947                  relationship                 339.43
N economic policy                 338.947              Say, Jean Baptiste
                                                         economic school                330.153
                        S                             I Say’s law                       330.153
                                                      I                                 338.521
 Sabbatical leave                   331.257 63         Scallops
   economics                        331.257 63           resource economics             333.955 46
 Sabotage                                              Scenic rivers                    333.784 5
   labor economics                  331.893              natural resources              333.784 5
 Safe-deposit services              332.178            Schmoller, Gustav von
I Sagebrush steppes                 333.74               economic school                330.154 2
 Saint-Simonism (Socialist                            I School furniture industry 338.476 841
      school)                       335.22             Schools
 Salaries                           331.21               energy economics               333.796 4
     see also Wages                                   I Schools of economics            330.15
 Salary scales                      331.216            Science
 Sale of real property              333.333              use in agricultural
   economics                        333.333                  industries                 338.16
      private ownership             333.333            Science policy
      public ownership              333.16               economics                      338.926
 Sales finance institutions    332.35                 N     United States               338.973 06
 Sales tax                          336.271 3               see Manual at 338.926 vs. 352.745,
N public finance                    336.271 3                    500
 Saline water conversion                               Scientific socialism             335.423
I Finance                      338.436 281 67         N economics                       335.423
 Salmon                                               NScuba diving industry            338.477 972 3
   culture                                             Sea birds
      economics                     338.371 375 6     I Effect of fishing on            333.958 287
   resource economics               333.956 56           resource economics             333.958 287
 Salmonidae                                            Sea otter
   resource economics               333.956 55           resource economics             333.959 769 5
 Salt lakes                                            Sea turtles
   resource economics               333.916 4            resource economics             333.957 928
I Salt pan conservation             333.736           NSea urchin fishing industry 338.372 395
 Sand dunes                                           NSea urchin industry              338.371 7
   land economics                   333.73            I                                 338.371 7
 Sardines                                             I                                 338.372 395
   resource economics               333.956 45         Seafood
 Savannas                           333.74            I Cooperative marketing           334.683 92
P see also Grasslands                                 NSeafood cooperatives             334.683 92
 Savings                            332.041 5          Sealing (Hunting)
   financial economics              332.041 5            economics                      338.372 979
   macroeconomics                   339.43             Sealing devices
 Savings accounts                   332.175 2         N industry                   338.476 218 85
 Savings and loan association                          Seals (Animals)
      failures                                           resource economics             333.959 79
N United States                     332.320 973        Seasonal unemployment            331.137 044
 Savings and loan associations      332.32            NSeasonal variations
N United States                     332.320 973             (Economics)                 338.54
 Savings and Loan Bailout,                             Seaweeds
      1989–                         332.320 973          resource economics             333.953 8
 Savings banks                      332.21
 Savings departments                332.175 2

                                                    173
                                   DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                     ____
 Secondary industries                 338.4              Service workers                    331.793
   enterprises                        338.7                labor economics                  331.793
   mergers                            338.83                 labor force                    331.119 042
N      see also Mergers                                      labor market                   331.129 042
   multinational enterprises          338.88             Services (Economic goods) 338.47
       see also International enterprises                Set net fisheries
   products                           338.4             I Bycatches                         333.956
   restrictive practices              338.82             Settlement (Population)
 Secondary school graduates                                land reform                      333.31
   choice of vocation                 331.702 33         Severance pay                      331.216 6
   labor force                        331.114 43         Severance tax                      336.271 6
   unemployment                       331.137 804       N public finance                    336.271 6
 Secular trends (Economics) 338.54                       Sex discrimination against
 Securities                           332.632                women
   income tax                         336.242 6            labor economics                  331.413 3
   investment economics               332.632           N      United States           331.413 309 73
 Securities brokers                   332.62            I Sex discrimination in
 Securities exchange                  332.642                  economics                    330.082
N 1990–1999                      332.642 090 49          Sexual harassment of women
   international                      332.65               labor economics                  331.413 3
N United States                       332.642 73         Share renting
NSecurities ownership by                                   agricultural land economics      333.335 563
       personnel                      331.216 49           land economics                   333.563
N labor economics                     331.216 49         Sharecropping
 Seed capital                         332.041 54           economics                        333.335 563
 Seed industry                        338.17             Shares (Corporate equity
N agricultural industries             338.17                 securities)                    332.632 2
I Segregated funds                    332.632 7         I Shark industry                    338.372 73
I Seigniorage (Finance)               336.16             Sharks
 Self-financing                       332.041 52        N fishing industry                  338.372 73
 Self-employed people                                    Shellfish
N income tax                          336.242 3            culture
N      public finance                 336.242 3              economics                      338.371 4
 Semi-industrial unions               331.883 3            fishing industry                 338.372 4
    see also Labor unions                                  resource economics               333.955
 Semiskilled workers                  331.794            Shellfishing
   labor economics                    331.794              economics                        338.372 4
P labor force                         331.114 2          Shift systems                      331.257 25
   unemployment                       331.137 804        Shift work                         331.257 25
 Seniority                                               Shipbuilding industry              338.476 238 2
   labor economics                    331.259 6          Shipyards
NSeniority-based pay                  331.216 6            production economics             338.476 238 3
 Service directories                  338.470 002 9     I Shola forests                     333.75
 Service industries                   338.47             Shop stewards                      331.873 3
   cooperatives                       334.681            Shore protection                   333.917 16
   enterprises                        338.761              land economics                   333.917 16
   labor economics                    331.793            Shore reclamation                  333.917 153
   mergers                            338.836 1            land economics                   333.917 153
   multinational enterprises          338.887 1          Shorelines
   production efficiency              338.456 1         I Monitoring                        333.917
   restrictive practices              338.826 1          Short-term government
                                                             securities                     336.31
                                                        NShort-term capital                 332.041 2


                                                      174
                                            RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                   ____
 Shortages                                              Small industry                    338.642
   agricultural industries           338.17            N economics                        338.642
   natural resources                 333.711               see also Small business
   production                        338.02            I Small-scale fisheries            338.763 92
   secondary industries              338.47             Smart cards                       332.76
 Shrimping                                                banking services                332.178
   economics                         338.372 538 8      Smith, Adam
 Shrimps                                                  economic school                 330.153
   fishing industry                  338.372 538 8      Smoking cessation products
   resource economics                333.955 58        N industry                    338.476 168 650 61
 Sick leave                          331.257 62        I Smoking cessation products
   economics                         331.257 62               industry               338.476 168 650 61
 Silver                                                 Snacks
   production economics              338.274 21        N economics                        338.476 646
 Silver coins                        332.404 2          Snakes
   investment economics              332.63               resource economics              333.957 96
   monetary economics                332.404 2          Snow leopard
 Silver question                     332.423 097 3        resource economics              333.959 755 5
 Silver standard                     332.422 3          Social credit money               332.56
I Single stock futures               332.632 28         Social democracy                  335.5
 Single-tax school of                                     economic system                 335.5
     economics                       330.155           I Social entrepreneurship          338.04
 Single women                                           Social market economy             330.126
N personal finance              332.024 008 652         Social ownership of means of
 Sinking funds                                              production
   public finance                    336.363              Marxian theory                  335.41
I Sites of special scientific                           Social security tax               336.249
       interest (Great Britain)      333.709 41           public finance                  336.249
 Size of enterprise                  338.64             Socialism                         335
   economics                         338.64               economics                       335
   microeconomics                    338.514 4             see Manual at 335 vs. 306.345,
 Size of farm                                                  320.53
   economics                         338.16             Socialists                        335.009 2
NSkill shortages                     331.136            Socially responsible
 Skilled workers                     331.794                investments                   332.604 2
   labor economics                   331.794           I Soil biodiversity                333.95
   labor force                       331.114 22         Soil conservation                 333.731 6
   unemployment                      331.137 804          land economics                  333.731 6
 Skills shortages                    331.136            Solar energy                      333.792 3
NSkin care preparations                                   economics                       333.792 3
       industry                 338.476 157 78          Sole bargaining rights            331.889 6
 Slave labor                         331.117 34        N labor economics                  331.889 6
 Slavery                                                Sole proprietorships              338.72
   labor economics                   331.117 34            see also Proprietorships
 Small business                      338.642           I Solow growth model               338.900 151
   economics                         338.642            Soluble glass
   income tax                        336.242 3         N economics                        338.476 661 5
   investment in                     332.672 22        I Soluble glass industry           338.476 661 5
   taxes                             336.207            South Korea
N United States                      338.642 097 3     N economic policy                  338.951 95
 Small business loans                332.742           N industrial development           338.951 95
I Small forests                      333.75             Soviet communism                  335.43
                                                       N Eastern Europe                   335.430 947
                                                          economics                       335.43

                                                     175
                                    DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                    ____
 Soviet Union                                           Steppes                            333.74
N economic conditions                330.947           I Management                        333.74
N economic policy                    338.947           P see also Grasslands
 Soybeans                                               Stock exchanges                    332.642
   agricultural economics            338.173 34        N United States                     332.642 73
   commercial processing                                Stock index futures                332.632 28
     economics                   338.476 647 26         Stock market                       332.642
 Space                                                 I Stock Market Bubble,
   resource economics                333.94                   1995–2000               332.642 090 49
 Space industrialization                                Stock options                      332.632 283
   in extraterrestrial worlds    338.099 9              Stock ownership plans              331.216 49
I Taxation                            336.207             labor economics                  331.216 49
I Space launch industry          338.476 294 78         Stock prices                       332.632 22
 Space rights                                           Stock purchase plans               331.216 49
   sale and rental                   333.339              labor economics                  331.216 49
   zoning                            333.771 7          Stock rights                       332.632 2
NSpanish moss industry               338.475 848 5     NStock savings banks                332.21
I                                    338.475 848 5      Stock speculation                  332.632 28
 Special assessments                 336.2              Stock warrants                     332.632 2
 Special drawing rights              332.45            I Stock-flow analysis               330.015 195
 Specialization                                         Stockpiles
   economics                         338.604 6            secondary industries             338.47
I Specialty crops                    338.17             Stocks                             332.632 2
 Speculation (Finance)               332.645              income tax                       336.242 6
   guides                            332.678           I Rate of return                    332.632 21
   stocks                            332.632 28             see Manual at 332.6322 vs. 332.6323
 Spending                            339.47            I Stolper-Samuelson theorem         331.215
N macroeconomics                     339.47             Stone
I Split annuities                    332.024 014 5        structural engineering
I Spot prices                        338.52            N      economics               338.476 241 832
 Stagflation                         332.41            NStored-value cards                 332.76
 Stamp tax                           336.272           I                                   332.76
   public finance                    336.272            Strategic materials
 Standard industrial                                      land economics                   333.8
     classifications                 338.020 12        I Stream restoration                333.916 215 3
N economics                          338.020 12        I Monitoring                        333.916 215 3
NStandard of living                  339.47             Strikebreaking                     331.894
   macroeconomics                    339.47             Strikes (Work stoppages)           331.892
 State bankruptcy                    336.368              economics                        331.892
 State banks                         332.122 4               government measures           331.898
NState debt                          336.343 2               management measures           331.894
NState enterprises                   338.62            N      use of troops                331.898 4
NState finance                       336.013            Strikes and lockouts
 State labor (Drafted workers)       331.117 32        I Agricultural processing
 State planning                                                 industries                 331.892 83
   economics                         338.9             I Strikes and lockouts (continued)
 State socialism                     335               I Cut flower industry          331.892 835 966
   economics                         335               I Hockey                       331.892 817 969 62
 State taxation                      336.201 3         I Libraries                         331.892 810 2
   public finance                    336.201 3         I Oil industries               331.892 822 338 2
 Steel                                                  Strip-mined lands                  333.765
   production economics          338.476 691 42           economics                        333.765
I Steppe restoration                  333.741 53       NStructural clay products
                                                              industry                     338.476 667 3

                                                     176
                                           RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                    ____
 Structural unemployment            331.137 041        Surpluses
I Structured notes (Securities)     332.632              agricultural industries         338.17
I Student discounts                 338.52               natural resources               333.711
I Sturgeon industry                 338.372 742          production                      338.02
 Sturgeons                                               secondary industries            338.47
N fishing industry                  338.372 742        Sustainable development           338.927
 Subcontracting fees                                  I Sustainable development
   labor economics                  331.216 6               reporting                    338.927
 Subdivision of land                333.3              Swaps (Finance)                   332.645 7
 Subsidiary corporations            338.8             I                                  332.645 7
    see also Combinations (Enterprises)                Switzerland
 Subsidies                                            N monetary policy                  332.494 94
   agricultural industries          338.18            I Swordfish fisheries              338.372 778
   natural resources                333.715 8         NSwordfish industry                338.372 778
   production economics             338.922            Syndicalism                       335.82
 Subsistence theory of wages 331.210 1                   economics                       335.82
 Subsurface resources                                  Syndicates
   land economics                   333.8                banking                         332.16
I Suburban wildlife management                           real estate investment          332.632 47
                              333.954 091 733            unincorporated business
 Sugarcane                                                   enterprises                 338.7
   agricultural economics           338.173 61              see also Unincorporated business
 Sunday work                        331.257 4                    enterprises
   economics                        331.257 4          Systems
I Sunk costs                        338.514 2         N production economics             338.63
 Superannuation (Pension)           331.252
NSupercomputer industry             338.470 041 1                            T
I                                   338.470 041 1
 Supervisors                                           Take-overs                       338.83
   labor economics                  331.794               see also Mergers
 Supply (Quantity)                                     Tamarins
N amphibians                        333.957 811          resource economics             333.959 84
   forecasts                        338.02            I Tangerine industry              338.174 31
     agricultural industries        338.17            I Tariff on hemp             336.266 677 12
     production economics           338.02            I Tariff on household
     secondary industries           338.47                  electronics            336.266 683 83
   microeconomics                   338.521 3         I Tariff on information
   natural resources                333.711                 technology products         336.266 004
 Supply and demand                  338.521            Tax assessment                   336.2
   monetary economics               332.401              income tax                     336.241
   production economics             338.521              property tax                   336.222
 Supply-side economics              330.155 4         N     personal property           336.23
 Surface water                                        N     real property               336.222
   resource economics               333.91            N public finance                  336.2
 Surface-mined lands                333.765            Tax avoidance                    336.206
   economics                        333.765              income tax                     336.241 6
NSurplus agricultural                                      corporate                    336.243 16
      commodities                   338.17                 personal                     336.242 16
NSurplus commodities                338.02               property tax                   336.22
N secondary industries              338.47               public finance                 336.206
                                                       Tax credits                      336.206
                                                          see also Tax avoidance
                                                       Tax deductions                   336.206
                                                          see also Tax avoidance

                                                    177
                                 DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                   ____
 Tax exemptions                    336.206            Television stations
    see also Tax avoidance                              Licenses
 Tax expenditures                  336.206           I      Fees                          336.16
N public finance                   336.206            Temporary employees                 331.257 29
 Tax incentives                    336.206            Temporary employment                331.257 29
    see also Tax avoidance                            Temporary help                      331.257 29
 Tax incidence                     336.294            Temporary help services             331.128
 Tax loopholes                     336.206           I                                    331.128
    see also Tax avoidance                            Tenancy
 Tax rates                         336.2                land economics                    333.53
   import tax                      336.265            Tenant-landlord relations      333.54
N property                         336.222           N land economics                     333.54
N public finance                   336.2             I Tenants’ associations              333.540 6
N real property                    336.222           N                                    333.540 6
 Tax rebates                       336.206            Tender offers (Securities)     332.632 2
    see also Tax avoidance                              financial economics               332.632 2
 Tax reduction                     336.206              production economics              338.83
    see also Tax avoidance                                see also Mergers
 Tax reform                        336.205            Tenure                              331.259 6
   income tax                      336.241 5            labor economics                   331.259 6
     corporate                     336.243 15        I Terra-cotta industry               338.476 667 3
     personal                      336.242 15        I                                    338.477 38
 Tax shelters                      336.206            Terrorism
   investment economics            332.604 22           Prevention
    see also Tax avoidance                           I      Finance                  338.433 633 251 7
 Taxation                          336.2                prevention
    see also Taxes                                   N      finance                  338.433 633 251 7
 Taxes                             336.2              Textile industry                    338.476 77
   macroeconomic policy            339.525            Thermal ocean power
N public finance                   336.2                   conversion                     333.914
N United States                    336.200 973        Thermal waters                      333.88
I Taylor’s rule               332.460 151 18            economics                         333.88
 Tea                                                  Threatened species                  333.952 2
   agricultural economics          338.173 72             see also entries beginning with Rare
   commercial processing                              Thrift industry                     332.32
     economics                     338.476 639 4      Thrift institutions                 332.32
 Technical assistance                                NTicker symbols                      332.632 014 8
   economics                       338.91            I                                    332.632 014 8
   public finance                  336.185            Ticker tapes
 Technological innovations                              investment analysis               332.632 042
   agricultural industries         338.16            I Tied aid                           338.91
   economics                       338.064            Tiger
   mineral industries              338.26               resource economics                333.959 756
 Technological unemployment        331.137 042        Timber                              338.174 98
 Technology assessment                                  agricultural economics            338.174 98
   economic development            338.9                resource economics                333.751 1
   natural resources impact        333.714            Timber resources                    333.751 1
      see also Environmental impact                       see also Forest lands
           studies                                    Time deposits                       332.175 2
 Technology transfer               338.926            Time payments (Wages)               331.216 2
   economics                       338.926            Time wage rate                      331.216 2
N United States                    338.973 06         Time-sharing (Real estate) 333.323 4
 Telecommuting                     331.256 8            economics                         333.323 4
   labor economics                 331.256 8          Timework                            331.216 2

                                                   178
                                            RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                 ____
 Tipping                                              Travel
   economics                          331.216 6         industry                        338.479 1
 Titoism                              335.434 4            see also Tourist industry
   economics                          335.434 4       Treasury bills                    332.632 32
 Toads                                                   see also Government securities
N resource economics                  333.957 87      NTreasury bonds                   332.632 32
 Tobacco industry                     338.173 71      N see also Government securities
   agricultural economics             338.173 71      Treasury certificates             332.632 32
   manufacturing                      338.476 797        see also Government securities
I Tobin’s q                           332.632 21      Treasury notes                    332.632 32
 Token coins                          332.404 3          see also Government securities
 Tortoises                                            Tribal land
   resource economics                 333.957 924       economics                       333.2
 Tourism                                              Trotskyism                        335.433
   industry                           338.479 1         economics                       335.433
       see also Tourist industry                      Trout
 Tourist industry                     338.479 1         culture
   economics                          338.479 1           economics                     338.371 375 7
 Tractor industry                                       resource economics              333.956 57
   strikes (work stoppages)                           Trust companies                   332.26
     Winnipeg (Man.)                                  Trust services                    332.178
N        2000–2009 331.892 829 225 209 712 743        Trusts (Organizations)            338.85
090 511                                                  see also Combinations (Enterprises)
 Trade acceptances                    332.77          Tunas
   exchange medium                    332.55            resource economics              333.956 783
 Trade promotion                                      Turkeys
   international banking              332.154           resource economics              333.958 645
 Trade unions                         331.88          Turnover tax                      336.27
    see also Labor unions                               public finance                  336.27
I Trading bands (Securities) 332.632 042              Turtles
NTranquilizer industry           338.476 157 882        resource economics              333.957 92
 Transaction tax                      336.27
    see also Turnover tax                                                    U
 Transfer payments
   macroeconomic policy               339.522         I Ultra-wideband devices
 Transfer tax (Inheritance)      336.276                    industry              338.476 213 841 3
N public finance                      336.276          Underemployed people             331.13
 Transfer tax (Transactions) 336.27                    Underemployment                  331.13
   public finance                     336.27           Undertaking (Mortuary)
I Transfrontier conservation                            economics                       338.473 637 5
       areas                          333.72          NUnderwater swimming industry
I Multiple use                        333.72                                     338.477 972 3
 Transgender people                                    Undistributed profits tax  336.243 2
   labor economics                    331.5            Unemployed people
I Transgenic organisms industry                         labor economics                 331.137
                               338.17                 I Unemployed youth                331.341 37
 Transit tax                                          N labor economics                 331.341 37
   public finance                     336.263          Unemployment                     331.137
I Transmission mechanism                                economics                       331.137
       (Monetary policy)              332.46                see Manual at 331.120424 vs.
 Transportation                                                 331.1377
   energy economics                   333.796 8        Unemployment insurance
                                                        labor economics                 331.255 2


                                                    179
                                  DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                 ____
Unfair economic practices      338.604 8            NUnited States. Equal
  economics                         338.604 8             Employment Opportunity
Ungulates                                                 Commission                    331.133 097 3
  resource economics                333.959 6       NUnited States. Internal
Unincorporated business                                   Revenue Service               336.240 973
     enterprises                    338.7           NUnited States. National
  production economics              338.7                 Labor Relations Board         331.809 73
    see also Business enterprises                   NUnited States. National
Union dues checkoff                 331.889 6             Oceanographic and
Union federations                   331.872               Atmospheric Administration
    see also Labor unions                                                          333.916 4
Union leaders                       331.880 92      NUnited States. Nuclear
  biography                         331.880 92            Regulatory Commission         333.792 409 73
  role and function                 331.873 3       NUnited States. Office of the
Union organizing                    331.891 2             Comptroller of the Currency
Union recognition                   331.891 2                                      332.109 73
Union security                      331.889         NUnited States. Rural
Union shop                          331.889 2             Electrical Administration
Unions                              331.88                                         333.793 2
    see also Labor unions                           NUnited States. Securities
Unit trusts                         332.632 7             and Exchange Commission
United Nations                                            332.642 73
  finance                           336.091 63      NUnited States. Small
United States                                             Business Administration
N economic conditions               330.973                                             338.642 097 3
N economic development              338.973         University graduates
N economic forecasting         330.973 001 12         choice of vocation                331.702 35
N economic policy                   338.973           labor force                       331.114 45
N energy policy                     333.790 973       unemployment                      331.137 804
N foreign economic relations        337.73          Unskilled workers                   331.798
N     Japan                         337.730 52        labor economics                   331.798
N industrial development            338.973           labor force                       331.114 2
N international economic                              unemployment                      331.137 804
        relations                   337.73          Upland game birds
N labor relations                   331.097 3         resource economics                333.958 6
N monetary policy                   332.497 3       Uranium
N public finance                    336.73            production economics              338.274 932
NUnited States. Agency for                          Urban economics                     330.917 32
      International Development                     Urban lands                         333.77
                               338.917 3            N abuse                             333.771 37
NUnited States. Bureau of                             economics                         333.77
      Mines                         338.209 73          sale and rental                 333.337
NUnited States. Council of                          Use tax                             336.271
      Economic Advisors             330.973           public finance                    336.271
NUnited States. Department of                       User charges                        336.16
      Agriculture                   338.109 73         see also User fees
NUnited States. Department of                       User fees                           336.16
      Energy                        333.790 973       public finance                    336.16
E United States. Department of                      Usury                               332.83
      Labor                         331.097 3       Utility theory                      330.157
                                                    Utopian socialism                   335.02
NUnited States. Department of
                                                    Utopian socialism (English) 335.12
      the Interior                  333.709 73
                                                    Utopias
NUnited States. Department of
                                                      socialism                         335.02
      the Treasury                  336.73

                                                  180
                                          RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                  ____
                                                    Vocational guidance                331.702
                       V                              economics                        331.702
                                                    N United States                    331.702 097 3
I Vacation rentals                  333.338
                                                    Vocational qualifications     331.114
 Vacations
                                                       see also Qualifications of
   labor economics                  331.257 6
                                                          employees
 Valuation
                                                    Von Mises, Ludwig
   investment economics             332.632 21
                                                      economic school                  330.157
   real property                    333.332
 Value
   labor theory
                                                                           W
     Marxian economics              335.412
                                                     Wage differentials               331.22
   microeconomics                   338.521
                                                     Wage discrimination              331.215 3
 Value-added tax                    336.271 4
                                                     Wage payment systems             331.216
   public finance                   336.271 4
                                                     Wage policy                      331.21
 Vanishing species                  333.952 2
                                                     Wage scales                      331.216
    see also entries beginning with Rare
                                                     Wage-price policy                339.5
 Variable costs                     338.514 2
                                                      inflation control               332.415
 Variable rate securities           332.632 044
                                                     Wages                            331.21
 VAT (Tax)                          336.271 4
                                                      economics                       331.21
   public finance                   336.271 4
                                                    I Effect of international
 Velocity theory
                                                            trade on                  331.215
   monetary economics               332.401
                                                      taxation                        336.242 2
I Venison industry                  338.476 649 2
                                                        public finance                336.242 2
 Venture capital                    332.041 54
                                                     Wages fund theory                331.210 1
I Versatile Manufacturing Ltd.
                                                    I Wages-in-kind                   331.216 6
      Strike, Winnipeg, Man.,
                                                     Walleye
      2000–2001 331.892 829 225 209 712 743 090
      511                                             resource economics              333.956 758
 Vertebrates                                         Walras, Léon
   resource economics               333.954           economic school                 330.157
 Vertical combinations                               War loan interest                336.182
     (Enterprises)                  338.804 2       N revenue source                  336.182
    see also Combinations (Enterprises)              Waste heat                       333.793
 Vested rights (Pensions)           331.252 2        Waste lands                      333.731 37
    see also Pensions                                Wastes
 Veterans                                             energy production
   labor economics                  331.52              economics                     333.793 8
 Veterans’ pensions            331.252 913 55        Water
 Video display components                             resource economics              333.91
N economics 338.476 213 815 422                      Water birds
I Video games industry              338.477 948       resource economics              333.958 28
 Vietnamese communism               335.434 6        Water conservation               333.911 6
   economics                        335.434 6         resource economics              333.911 6
 Vireos                                             I Water efficiency                333.911 7
   resource economics               333.958 878      Water power                      333.914
 Virginia deer                                        economics                       333.914
   resource economics               333.959 652      Water resources                  333.91
I Virtual corporations              338.7            Water rights
                                                      sale and rental                 333.339
I Virtual work teams                331.256 8
                                                     Water supply
 Vocational counseling              331.702
    see also Vocational guidance                    N economics                       333.91
 Vocational education                                Waterfowl
   on the job                       331.259 2         resource economics              333.958 41
N     Great Britain            331.259 209 41

                                                181
                               DeweyiDecimaliClassification
                                                                                                     ____
 Waterpower                      333.914             Wieser, Friedrich, Freiherr
   see also Water power                                  von
 Watershed restoration                                economic school                    330.157
I Monitoring                     333.731 53          Wild and scenic rivers              333.784 5
 Watersheds                                           natural resources                  333.784 5
  land economics                 333.73              Wild boars
 Wealth                          330.16               resource economics                 333.959 633 2
  distribution                   339.2               Wild horse
  economic theory                330.16               resource economics                 333.959 665 5
  macroeconomics                 339.3              I Wild ponies                        333.959 665 5
 Wealth tax                      336.22              Wild turkeys
 Weapons industry                338.476 234          resource economics                 333.958 645
I Weather derivatives            332.645 7           Wilderness areas
I Web site development industry                       conservation                       333.782 16
                           338.470 052 76             natural resources                  333.782
N                                338.470 052 76      Wildfowl
 Weighting (Compensation)                             resource economics                 333.958 29
  labor economics                331.216 6           Wildlife
 Welfare economics school        330.155 6            resource economics                  333.954
 Welfare state                                       Wildlife conservation                333.954 16
  economics                      330.126             Wildlife management                  333.954
I Wet meadows                    333.918            N suburban areas                 333.954 091 733
NWetland biological resources                       I Wildlife products                   338.372
                           333.952 88               I Wildlife products industry     338.372
I Wetland co-management          333.918            I Wildlife recovery                   333.954 16
NWetland conservation            333.918 16          Wildlife refuges                     333.954 16
I Wetland management             333.918                see also Wildlife reserves
I Wetland mitigation             333.918 153        I Wildlife-related recreation
I Wetland mitigation banking     333.918 16               industry                       338.475 9
I Wetland mitigation sites       333.918 153        I                                    338.477 99
 Wetlands                                            Wildlife-related sports
  biology                                           N industry                           338.477 99
    resource economics           333.952 88          Wildlife reserves                   333.954 16
        animals                  333.954 88           economics                          333.954 16
N conservation                   333.918 16          Wildlife resources
I Monitoring                     333.918            I Subsistence vs.
  resource economics             333.918                    recreational use              333.954 17
N     conservation               333.918 16         I Wildlife watching industry     338.475 9
N     rehabilitation             333.918 153        N                                     338.475 9
NWhale watching industry         338.475 995         Wind energy                          333.92
I                                338.475 995        I Wind energy conversion
 Whales                                                   systems                         333.92
  resource economics             333.959 5          I Window taxes                   336.278 721 823
 Whaling                                            N                                     336.278 721
  production economics           338.372 95         823
  products                       338.372 95          Withholding tax                     336.242 2
 Whaling industry                338.372 95         N public finance                     336.242 2
 White collar workers            331.792             Wobblies                            331.886 097 3
  labor economics                331.792             Wolves
    labor force                  331.119 042          resource economics                 333.959 773
    labor market                 331.129 042        E Womanpower                         331.4
  labor unions                   331.883 6
 White-tailed deer
  resource economics             333.959 652

                                                  182
                                          RelativeiIndex
                                                                                                       ____
 Women                                                   Working conditions (Physical)
N environment                      333.708 2                                          331.256
  labor economics                  331.4                   see also Work environment
N personal finance                 332.024 008 2         Working environment               331.256
I Women and the environment                                see also Work environment
                             333.708 2                   Working mothers
NWomen fascists                    335.608 2              economics                        331.44
I                                  335.608 2             Workplace diversity               331.133
NWomen in economics                330.082               Workplace environment             331.256
 Women workers                     331.4                   see also Work environment
  economics                        331.4                 Workplaces                        331.256
N strikes (work stoppages)         331.479 2               see also Work environment
 Women’s clothing                                        Workweek                          331.257
N industry                    338.476 870 82              economics                        331.257
 Wood                                                    World Bank                        332.153 2
  fuel                             333.953 97
    resource economics             333.953 97                                   Y
 Wood carvings
N industry                         338.477 364        Yellow-dog contracts                331.894
 Wood duck                                           NYoung adult workers                 331.34
  resource economics               333.958 412 3      Young adults
 Woodlands                         333.75               labor economics                   331.34
   see also Forest lands                             NYoung businesspeople                338.008 42
 Work                              331               I                                    338.008 42
   see also Labor                                     Young workers                       331.34
 Work at home                                        N economics                          331.34
  labor economics                  331.256 7          Yugoslav communism                  335.434 4
 Work environment                  331.256              economics                         335.434 4
  economics                        331.256
 Work force                        331.11                                       Z
 Work-force diversity              331.133
 Work periods                      331.257            Zoning                              333.731 7
  economics                        331.257              land use                          333.731 7
 Work places                       331.256                urban                           333.771 7
   see also Work environment                         N oceans                             333.916 417
 Work satisfaction                 331.012           I Zoological surveys                 333.954 11
   see also Job satisfaction
 Work sharing                      331.257 2
 Work shifts                       331.257 25
 Work stress
  labor economics                  331.256
 Workday                           331.257 23
  economics                        331.257 23
 Worker control of industry 338.69
  production economics             338.69
  theory of union role             331.880 1
 Worker rights                     331.011
 Worker security                   331.259 6
 Worker self-management            338.69
  theory of union role             331.880 1
 Workers                           331.11
  economics                        331.11
 Working capital                   332.041 2


                                                   183

				
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