philosophy Philosophy Introduction

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Introduction to Philosophy
‘Discuss why humans need Government, describe three different forms of Government, and argue which form of
Government you think is best?’

As we are imperfect people living in an imperfect society, we need to make unanimous and widely agreed decisions in
order to get from A to B, and we need someone or a group of highly educated people, in which have been elected by
the community, to voluntarily enforce these decisions in order to stabilize the society. These groups of ‘elite’ people,
who enforce these agreed decisions upon our society, are formally known as the ‘Government’. Thus no enforcement
on any decisions at all, a society will be travelling on a road to nowhere, and eventually will collapse like a tonne of
bricks, thus unstabilizing civil peace and the inability to maintain the natural rights of man. However there are
different forms of government that can either succeed or be unsuccessful, in this essay we will discuss what forms of
government there are.

which have been elaborated by the ancient works of Aristotle, and then we will discuss what the best form of
Government is in this ‘imperfect society’..The question that has been asked for the past centuries is, “Is government
necessary”. The answer to this question is that in this world, there is a total absence of any form of utopia, which
means that everyone will have different ideas and rely on their own assumptions on how they can govern themselves,
which means masses of people will oppose each other causing riots to occur. Therefore it is imperative for a society to
work in unity to accomplish a common goal. This purely means that there needs to be a higher force to represent the
views of people to enforce these views and ideas. We can link this idea with the thesis of Alexander Hamilton, in
which he states that “government is necessary because men are imperfect, simply because they are not perfect as
angels would be” . If Aristotle had not been a student of Plato, then would Aristotle have chosen to start his school at
Lyceum? If you believe God knows the answer to this question, you probably believe God has middle knowledge.

Middle knowledge is a form of knowledge first attributed to God by the sixteenth century Jesuit theologian Luis de
Molina (pictured to the left). It is best characterized as God’s prevolitional knowledge of all true counterfactuals of
creaturely freedom. This knowledge is seen by its proponents as the key to understanding the compatibility of divine
providence and creaturely (libertarian) freedom (see Free Will).Natural knowledge is that part of God’s knowledge
which He knows by His very nature or essence, and since His essence is necessary, so is that which is known through
it. That is, the content of natural knowledge includes all metaphysically necessary truths. For example, the statement,
“All bachelors are unmarried” is both necessary and part of natural knowledge. Other examples include other
tautologies, mathematical certainties (e.g., 1+1=2), and all possibilities (since all possibilities are necessarily so).
Natural knowledge can therefore be thought of as including a virtually infinite number of propositions of the form, It
is possible that p, as well as a number of propositions of the form, It is the case that p. Thus, natural knowledge,
properly conceived, is that part of God’s knowledge which could not have been different from what it is. It follows
from this fact that the content of God’s natural knowledge is independent of His will; God has no control over the
truth of the propositions He knows by natural knowledge. Consider, for example, the mathematical truth, 1+1=2. No
matter what God wills, it will always be true that the concepts represented by the symbols 1, 2, +, and =, when
arranged in a formulaic expression, one plus one equals two. It is important to note that, because natural knowledge
is independent from God’s will and, to some extent, places limits upon the kinds of things God can do, natural
knowledge informs(ed) God’s decision(s) regarding His creative work. This also means that natural knowledge is

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