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Special Libraries PUBLISHED BY THE EXECUTIVE BOARD SPECIAL LIBRARIES ASSOCIATION Montllls exccpt J u l y a l ~ dAugust President, Vlce-Prcsldcnt, Secretary-Treasurer, Ec11Lorlal nnd 1'11hlIcal1on Omce, I n d i a n a Bureau Cl~iranceB. L e s t e r , Wisconsin Legislative Ref- l Ind. of Leglslallve Ii~formntion, n d l a n a p o l ~ s , elence Library ; hInrlan R. Glenn, Amerlcnn 3uhscrlptlnns, 0 3 n l o a d alrect, Bouton. Mass Rankers' Associatwn, Ncw Yorlc Clty. s, Entercd n t the Puatufflce a t I r ~ d l a n a p o l ~ I n d , hItknamng IEdltor of Spccial L ~ b r a r ~ .-John es A. a s second-class mat ler. L n ~ p ,Bureau of L e g l s l n t ~ v eInformallon. In- Subscription.. ... .52.00 a year (10 numbers) dlanapolls, Ind. Single copies .................... .25 cents h w s t a n t IEdltor. R t l ~ e lClclancl, Eureuu of Leg- - I s l a t ~ v eI n f o r ~ n a t l o n ,Indian:ipol~s, Ind. PresldcnL .................... -. .ll 11 J o h r ~ s t o n p z a u of Rail way Eco~iomics, \Yashlng ton, U. G. Vice-Pl'esldent .......... .E!~znbeth V. Dobbins Arnerican 'hlcpl10tlc nnd lclegrngh Co., New P N. Morton, TJnltcd Cns Improvement Co., Yorlc Clty. Secrclary-Trensurcr.. ......... Guy E. Mnrlon Library. A r t h u r D. Llltle, Inc., 93 Bronrl Pl~~larlelglila TT. H B. Mcycr, L ~ b r n r yof Conqress. slreet. Boston, Mass D. N. I-lancly. I n s u r a l ~ c eL ~ h r a r yAssoclatlon. Minimum Train Crews and Maximum Length of Trains Legislation in the United States Conip~ledby the T,lbrary of the Bureau of Railway Economics, Washington, D. C. GENERAL. (St. Louia railway club. Proceedings, v. 17: 119-35; Sept. 13, 1912) Bureau of railway economics. -4lSo in Publlc service regultrlion, v. 1: The arguments for and against train-crew 701-10; NOV. 1912. legislation. Washington, D. C.,October, Full crew laws, p. 127. 1913. 1 11. I., 37 p. 8'. (Its Bulletm no. Effects of train crew legislation. 53) (Railway world, v. 67: 924.28; Nov. 1913) Engineering and contracting [Editorial1 Select list of references on train-crew Pernicious "full crew bills." legislation. (Engineering and contracting, v. 39: 637; (Special libraries, v. 4: 121-25; June, 1913) May 14, 1913) List based on an original compilation, The Full crew bill. A symposium. added to by Division of bibliography, (Mediator, v. 6: 35-37; July, 3913) Library of Congress, and then submitted Full crew folly. to state librarics and legislative refer- (Wall street journal, A i r . 29, 1912, p. 3, ence departments. Commercial and financial chronicle [Edi- col. 1) torial] Full crew legislation. Labor unions and the extra crew bills. (Railroad hernld, v. 18: 104; June, 1913) (Commercial and financial chronicle, v. ~ o i ~ r a s J., D. s 96: 984-85; Apr. 5, 1913) A plain talk on t h e real causes for full Culbenson, Charlcs A. &ew agitation Laws relating to the number of m e n re- (Santa Fe magazine, v. 7' 65-69; Nov. quired on railroad trains. 1913) [Washington, Govt. print. off., 19091 7 p Opposition to full crew bills develops in the .. 8". (Goth Cong., 2d sew. Senate. Doc. states. 692) (National business, v. 1, no. 17: 4; Apr. A comvilation of state laws. 30, 1913) Dunn, ~ a m u e 0. i Public opposition t o safety legislation. Government regulation ol railway opera- (Railroad trainmen, v. 30: 536-40; June tions. 1913) SPECIAL LIBRARIES Railroad herald lEditor!all Bulletin no. 97. "Full crews" and freight rates. Review of labor l~glsltltionof 1911, by (Railroad herald, v. 18: 228-29; Nov. 1914) L. D. Clark. Railroad truinman. Laws of various states relating t o l a b o r Better pay wages to live men than pen- enacted since January 1, 1911. sions for dead ones. Summary of l a w s nassed on full t r n l n (Railroad trainman, v. 31. 546-55; June, crews in 1911, p. 592. 1914) See Index for laws of various s t a t e s . Colnnlent on the full crew laws of the Referred t o below as Dureau labor various statcs Bull. 97. [Editorjall Fagan barks a t the full crew laws. Bulletin no. 145. Labor laws o l the Unitod (Ra~lroad trainman, v. 30: 472; May, 1913) States with decisions of courls relating Railway age gazette I Editorial1 thereto. Washington, 1014. 2 v. 8'. A substitut~ for the full crew lam. Sec Index for laws of stales In r e g a r d (Railway age gazette, v. 57: 1187; Dec. 25, t o suficient crews. 1914) Referred t o below a s Bureau l a b o r Length of train legislation. Ru11. 145. Saunders, William. Full crew leg~slationopposition. Twenty-~econdannual report of tho Corn- (Railroad trainman, v. 30: 640-41; July, nlissioner of labor. Labor laws of t h e 1913) United Sl atee. WashingLon, 1908. Special committee on relations of railway See Index for laws of the slnles in re- operation to legislation. gard to train crews l h r o u g l ~ 1907. [Bulletins in regard to "Full crcw" laws] U. S. Congress, House. Committee on in- Nos. 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 39, 55, 57, 61. terstate and forcign commerce. Hearings Bulletin 110 3 (Memorandu~nof reasons before lllc C o m n ~ i t t e e . .on bills affecting . why a full crcw law is unnecessary) interstate commerce. I January 1&March repl'interl in U. S. Congress. House. 25, 19101 Washington 1910. 3 508, Hi p. 8". Con~mitteeon interstate and foreign Full crew laws: Statcrn,ent of A. H. commerce. Hearings. 1910. p. 203-33. Smith, representing New York cenlrn.1 lines east of Buffalo, p. 185-03; L e t t e r [Legislelion of the states effecting train of J W. Thoinnu, jr, Nashville, Chat- or switching crews and lnws prescribing tanooga and St. Louis railway, p. 193-94; qualificat~ons for certain employees. Veto message of Governor I-Iughea, Chicago, 19131 37 I). 4". (Its Bulletin June 15, 1907, p. 195-96, 212; S t u l e m c n t no. 55) of F. C. Rice, Chicago, Burlington dt Partially reprinted in Railway age ga- Quincy R. R. co., p. 196-233; Bullelin no. zette, v. 56: 782, Apr. 3, 1914. Referred 3, Jan. 11, 1910, of Special committ.ee on to below as "Bulletin 55." relatione of railway operation t o legis- lation, p. 203-33; Statement of R. A. Summary of replies to inquiry as to addi- Campbell of Southern Pacific railway, tional cost entailed by the proposed p. 234-36; Statement of J. M. Davis, or "Full crew" bill. Chicago, Dec. 31, 1909 Oregon short line, p. 236-38; .T. J . Rar- 6 p. 4'. nett, Lake Shore and hliclllgan Southern Train-crew lnws proving costly. Railroads railway, p. 239-44; &I.J. Reynolds, New again facing the rising cost of labor. Yorlc, New Haven and Hartford railrdad, (Journal of commerce, October 27, 1913, p. 245-47; J. T. Johnson, Centrnl aC p. 1, col. 6) Georgia railway, p. 247-50, 259-60; E, E. Train-length bill alarms railroads. Propoaed Hess, Pennsylvania railroad, 11. 250-50 : A. A. Roe, of Brotherhood of flremen law would again greatly increase number and enginemen and Brotherhood of rail- of men employed. Long trains now being run for economy. road trainmen, p. 1488. (Trade and transportation, v. 15: January This testimony i s reprinted in Bulletin 1915, p. 13-14) no. 7 of the Sgecinl rommilteo on 'wln- tions of rallway operation t o legisla- U. S. Bureau of Labor. tion. Bulletin no. 85. Review of labor legislation of 1908 and Wall street journal [Editorial] 1909, by L D. Clark. Heading off the annual hold-up. Laws of various states relating to labor (\Val1 street journal, Nov. 20, 1913, p. 1 , enacted since January 1, 1908. col. 2) Summary of laws passed on full train ~lle full crew legislation of the s t a t e s . crews in 1909, p. 471. See Index for laws of various states Short train foolishness. Referred to below aa Bureau labor (Wall street journal, Jan. 8, 1915, p. 1, Bull. 86. col. 2) SPECIAL LIBRARIES 27 Watki ns, Edgar. T h e opinion was reprinted in Rail- Shippers a n d carriers of interstate freight. road trainman, v. 26: 693-95; ~ u g . Chicago, T. H. Flood and co., 1909. 578 P. 1908, under title: Arkansas full Full crew law is valid, p. 346. crew bill is Cohstitutional. Alabama. Rewewed in Bureau labor Bull. 95, P. 317. 1915. Bills. House 202. Requiring railways Comment: t o equip passenger trains with Arlcansas full crew law^ full crcws. (Railway and engineering review, House 201. Full crews for switch v. 47: 1023) engines. "Pull crew" cases belore the Su- House 203. Minimum crew for areme court. freight trains. iRnilway and engineering review, Arizona. v. 30: 1061; Nov. 19, 1910) 1903. Law specifying ~iumberof brakemen. Arkansas and New York full crew Approved March 18, 1903. bills. Acts of 1903, no. 34, Sec. 3, p. 53. (Railroad trainmen's journal, V. Bulletin 55, 11. 14. 24: 650-61; June, 1907) Bureau labor Rull. 148, p. 210. Railroad trainman [EditorialJ Culberson (Senate Doc. 692, Goth United States Supreme court de. Cong., 2d sess.), p. 1. cisions favor railroad em- 1912. Law r e q u ~ r i n g sufficient crews for ployees. trains. Approved May 7, 1912. (Railroad trainman, v. 28: 327-31; Acts of 1912, chap. 16. Apr. 1911) Bulletin 56, p. IS. 1909. Law requiring suflcient crews for Bureau labor Rull. 148, p 214.: trains. Approved May 31, 1909. Arizona, Railway commission. An- Bullet~n55, 1). 14. nual report. 1913, p. 92-93. B u r e m labor 131111. 148, p. 249. The Constitutionality of this statute, Comment: protection of civil rights, jurisdic- Railway age gazette [Editorial] tion of fedcral courts, tested in case n [Full crew legislation i the vari- of Simpson e t al. v. Ceary ct al. U. ous states.] S. District court, District of Arizona. (Railway age gazette, v. 52: 943; March 4, 1913. (Fed. reporter, p. Apr. 26, 1912) 507.) .Tudgmcnt of court summar- Comment on legislation iq ized in Bureau labor Bull. 152, p. 158. Arkansas, Pennsylvania, New 1912. Law llmiting trains to 70 cars. Ap- York, Massachusetts and New proved May 16, 1913. Jersey. Acts of 1912. Cha]~. Sec. 1-4. 43, 1913. Law prescribing minimum slvitching Bulletin 56, p. 31. crcws. Approved Feb. 20, 1913. sen at^ 4) Arkansas. Acts of 1913, Act. no. 67, Sec. 1-4. 1907. Law requiring 3 brakemen on freight Bureau labor Bull. 148, p. 254. trains of 25 or more cars. App. Bull. 55, p. 14. Mar. 28, 1907. Cbmment: &'tr'nll crew law. Bulletin 55, p. 15. (Commercial and financial chron- Bureau labor Bull. no. 148, p. 246. icle, v. 99: 1425; Nov. 14, 1914) Arkansas. Railroad commission. Full crow law upheld [by Supreme Annual report, 1906-7, p. 353, act. courtl. 116. (Public service regulation, v. 3 : Culberson (Senatc Doc. 692, 60th 625; Nov. 1, 1914) Cong, 2d sess.), p 1-2. rF1111crew law passed in Arkansas.] The constitutionality of this Act w a s (Railway age gazette, v. 54: 851; tested in cases brought by t h e state Apr. 11, 1913) against t h e Chicago, Rock Island 1913. Bill. I-Iouse 54. Prohibits operation a n d Pacific railway in one of the of any freight train with more than s t a t e courts. The railway lost the 50 cars. Reported adversely by cases, nppealed t o the Supreme committee. court of t h e state and lost (111 California. Southwestern reporter 456). Case came. before Supreme court of the 1911. Law prescribing sufficient crews. United St.ates, which in decision of Acts of 1911, chap 49, Sec. 1-7. Justice Harlan, February 20, 1911, Amended by Chap. 168, Acts Of affirmed t h e judgment of the lower 1913. court (219 U. S. 453; 31 Sup. Ct. Bureau labor Bull. 148, p. 293. 275). This decision was used a s Bulletin 55, p. 16-17. basis of decision in Indiana full California. Railroad commission. crew law case. Report, 1911-12, p. 594-5. SPECIAL LIBRARIES 1913. Law prescribing sufficient crews. Ap- Connecticut. Railroad commission- proved May 24, 1913. ers. 57th annual report. 1909. Acts of 1913. Chap. 168. 176 p. Number of brakemen, p. Bulletin 65. -. 16-17. .D 72-73. California. Railroad commission. 1913. Law directing public utilities commis- Report, 1912-13, p, 1755-67. sion to investigate and order on train crews. Approved June 6,1913. Colorado. Laws of 1913, Chap. 210. Connecticut. LawA. Railroad and 1913. Bills introduced. Senate 25. Requires railways of 60 railway laws a n d Chapter 128.. . miles or more t o supply certain Hartford, 1914. 224 p. p. 203. crews. Bulletin 55, p 17. . House 41. Same. Comment: Senate 286. Prescribes minimum Railway a g e gazette [Editorial] crews for freight and passenger Train crews a n d safety. trains. (Railway a g e gazette, v. 58: 51- House 338. Same. 52; Jan. 8, 1915) House 482. Minimum crews for all Train crew regulations in Connecti- trains. cut. Comment. (Railway age gazette, v. 67: 1118; Railway age gazette [Editorial] Dec. 18, 1914) [The train crew bill pending in the "The Public utilities commis- legislature of Colorado.1 sion of Connecticut, acting un- (Railway age gazette, v. 54: 823- der a law passed in 1913, h a s 24; Apr. 1 , 1913) 1 investigated the question of the adequacy of train crews, a s Connecticut. managed b y the railroads of Connecticut, and has issued a 1902. Law requiring number of brakemen. code of regulations for pas- L a w s of 1902, chap. 216. In Laws senger trains." relating t o ra~lroads. Appendix 1913. Blll introduced. House. 308. Pre- t o Railroad commission report for scribes minlmum crews for pas. 1902, p. 63-64. senger, mail o r express trains and Connecticut. Laws Railroad and freight trains. railway laws and Chapter 128, Public a c t s of 1911. [Hartford, Delaware. 19121. 206 p. p. 80. 1913. Bill introduced. Senate 17. Connecticut. Laws. Railroad and Prescribes minimum crews for railway l a w s and Chapter 128, freight and passenger trains. Public a c t s of 1911 (and amend- m e n t s of 1913) regulatmg and su- Florida. pervising public service corpora- 1913. Bills. House 122. tions. Hartford, 1914. 224 p. p. Specifies minimum crews for pas- 93. senger, freight and work and con- Culberson (Senate Doc. 692, 60th struction trains. Cong., 1 s t sess.), p. 2. Senate 292. Prescribes minimum This l a w of 1902 was a revision crews. of an earlier act. See General Georgia. statute8 of! Connecticut, revision 1912. Bills. of 1887. Sec. 3566, p. 783. Revi- Bill t o prescribe minimum number sion of 1902, Sec. 3797, p. 942. of employees in passenger trains. See also Connecticut. Railroad I n House Journal, 1912, p. 301. commi~sioners. Twenty-second an- 1913. House 319. Minimum crews for nual report, 1876. (Number of passenger trains. brakemen o n train, Sec. 80, p. House 613. Same. 242.) 1914. House 913. Full crew for freight 1909. Law requiring sufficient crews for trains. trains, 1909. Approved Aug. 11, Illinois. 1909. 1911. Bills. Acts of 1909, Chap. 219, Sec. 1, 2. House 10. To insure greater safe- Connecticut. Laws. Railroad and t y t o t h e lives of the traveling . railway l a w s . . rHartford.. 19121 . public and prescribing the number 20G p. p . 81. of employees on passenger and Connecticut. Laws. Railroad and freight trains. railway laws and C h a ~ t e r ~artford, 1914. 224 p. p. 93. . 128.. I n House Journal, 1911, p. 119. Senate 330. Similar t o House bill Bureau labor Bull. 148, p. 417. no. 10. Bulletin 56, p. 17. In Senate Journal, 1911, p. 380. SPECIAL LIBRARIES 1913. House 176. Pkb. 27, 1913. I n re- the 23d annuzl convention. .corn- . gard t o crews for ewitching en- ~ i l a t i o l lof the laws of the states gines. pertaining t o railways.. .Chicago, House 169. Minimum crews for all Washington, 1912. 1507 p. 40. trains. Indiana law, p. 490. This report House 338. Switching crews. is quoted below a s "23d annual Senate 227. Same a s House 169. convention, 1909." Senate 449. Switching crews. Same The law OC 1907 Was tested in the case a s House 338. of the Cleveland, Cincinnati, chi- Senatc 296. Mar. 25, 1913. cago and St. Louis railway c ~ v. . House 464. Prohibits use of more the State of Indiaua. In this case than 1 locomotive a t same time In t h e cornpany contended that the law moving one train. interfered with interstate commerce House 698. Prohibits operation of and was therefore unconstitutional. trains of more than 60 cars. (87 Northeastern rep. 1034) The Comment: case was carried before the United Railway age gazette [Editoriall States Supreme court and decided T h e train crew bill and railway December 18, 1911 (223 U. S. 713). accidents in Illinois. T h e ji~dgment affirmed the decision (Railway age gazette, v. 54: 8G6; of the lower court with costs, based Apr. 18, 1913) on the authority of the decision in Railway and engineering review thc Arkansas ,case. [Editoriall Comment: [The Chicago association has, Altaclrs Indiana full-crew lam. passed a resolution protesting (Railway and engineering review, against the passage of t h e "full v. 49: 747 ; Aug. 21, 1909) crew" hill now pending i n the "The Cleveland, Cincinnati, Illinois 1egislature.l Cliicago and St. L o u ~ sry. has (Railway and engineering review, filed a suit in the Supreme court v. 53: 304; March 29, 1913) .of t h e United States.. .The Su- preme Court of Indiaua upheld Indiana. llie statute." 1907. L a w rcgulating size of crews on "Pull crew" cases before the 8u- freight, passenger and mail trains. preme court. App. Feb. 13, 1907. (Railway and engineering review, Acts of 1907. Chap. 11, Scc. 1-4. v 50: 1061; Nov. 19, 1910) Bureau of labor. 22d Annual rcpt, Arkansas and Indiana laws 1907. D. 420. tested for constitutionality. ~ulletin-65,p. 17-18. Indiana full crew law. Culberson (Senate Doc. 692, 60th; (Railway age gazette, v. 46: 1096; Cong., 1st-sess.), p. 2-3. May 21, 1909) Indiana. Railroad commission. 2d Indiana full-crew law. annual report, 1907. Indianapolis, (Railway age gazette, v. 51: 485; 1907. Sept. 8, 1911) Full crcw law, p. 240-244. Comment on opinion of At- Violation of law by Wabash rail- torney-general of Indiana rela- road, p. 240. tive to prosecutions under the Indiana. Laws. Transportation laws full crew law of 1907. of Indiana. Effective April 10, The Full crew act of Indiana. 1907. p. 65. (Railway and engineering review, Railroad trainmen's journal, v. 24; v. 61: 1094; Dec 23, 1911) 241-42; filarch, 1907. (Text of "The constitutionality of the law.) 'Full crew' act of Indiana, regu- 1909. L a w regulating crews. Approved Feb. latipg the size of crews, on 2G, 1909. S m i l a r to law of 1907. freight, passenger and mail Acts of 1909. Chap. 25, Sec. 1-4. tmins, was upheld by the Su- Indiana. Railroad commission. 4th preme court of the United annual report, 1909. Indianapolis, States in a decision handed 1910. down December 18th." Report of conference with the 1911. Law regulating switching crews. AP- railroads concerning t h e full proved Marcli 2, 1911. crew law and its enforcement, of A C ~ S 1911. ---.- - Chap. 74, Sec. 1-3. p. 281-290. Construction of the Dulletin 55, p. 18. law, p. 284-90. 23d annual convention, 1909, P. 494. Bureau labor Bull. 148, p. 675. Bureau labor Bull. 148, p. 688. Bulletin 65, p. 18. 1913. L&-regulating employment of pilot National association of railway engineers. Approved March 6, 1913. commissioners. Proceedings of Acts of 1913, Chap. 100, Sec. 1, 2. SPECIAL LIBRARIES Bulletin 55: 0. 17-18. Senate 165. Requiring rallways to Bureau labo; Bull. 148, p. 706. equip switching engines-with crews. 1913. Bills. House 376. Minimum crew for any House 178. Prohibits operation of trains. trains exceeding 50 cars. Senate 248. House 377. Prohibiting Senate 178, House 338. Prohibits freight trains of more than $ mile. operation of trains exceeding 50 Kentucky. cars. Senate 368, House 460. Directing 1912. Bills. Senate 74, House 180. Provid- Railrond commission t o investi- ing full crews. gate the handling of long and heavy 1914. Senate 20. Limiting number of cars trams and if necessary t o reduce t o 60 freight care and 14 passen- tonnage or no. of cars. ger cars. Referred to Committee Senate 491, House 655. Prohibits and indeflnitely postponed. operation of trains of more than Louisiana. 3,500 tons. 1914. Bills. Senate 16. Minimum crews on House 659. Prohibits operation of trains of more than 2,500 feet in frciglit and passenger trains. length. House 93. Similar t o Senate 16. House 662. Prohibiting operation Maine. of trains of more than 75 cars. 1903. Law. Providing one bralreman t o Passed by House. every two cars. Senate 497. Same a s House 662. Revised statutes, 1903, Chap. 52. 1915. Bill. House 165. Prohibiting trains Bulletin 66, p. 20. of more than y2 mile. Bureau labor Bull. 148, p. 873. l owa. 23d annual report, p. 624. Culbereon (Senato Doc. 692, 60th 1913. Bills. Senate 102. Prescribes mini- Cong., 2d sess.), p. 3. mum crews and limits freight trains to 50 cars. Maryland. House 317. Same a s Senate 102. 1908. Law providing crews for freight trains. House 664. Prohibits operation of Approved 'Pipr. 8, 1908. any train of more than 85 cars. Acts of 1808, Chap. 724. , House 655. Minimum crew re- Article 23 of Code of Public general quired on all trains. laws of Maryland of 1904. Amend- ed by adding sections 300k, 3001, Kansas. 300m, 30011 and 300p. 1911. Bill. House 331. n l l crews. Defeated. Public general lams of Maryland, Comment: 1911, Article XXIII. Kansas. Legislature. House. Com- Bulletin 56, p. 19-20. mittee on rallroads. Hearing.. . Bureau of labor Bull. 148, p. 896. Subject: full crew and experience Culberson (Senate Doc. 692, 60th bill. Statement of A. A. Roe, rep- Cong., 2d sess.), p. 3. resent~ngthe I3rotherhood of rail- road trainmen. [Topeka, 19111 Massachusetts. 31 p. Rfassa.cl~usctts. Board of railroad House bill 331, p. 3-4. commissioners. 23d annual report 1913. Bills. House 286. . . .1891. Boston, 1892. 534 p. Senate 223. Minimum crew on all "Brakemen on freiglit trains." p. trains. 10-13. Senate 256 Two men on switching --40th annual report.. . engines. Boston, 1909. 628 p. House 537. Similar to Senate 256. Order relative t o the proper man- Comment: ning of freight trains on rail- Kouns, Charles W. roads, p. 270-72. See also 44th A statement to t h e Senate and annual report, 1912, p. 61-62, House of representatives on be- 3 14-115. half of the railways, in opposi: 1906. Law requiring one bralreman to every tion t o the so-called "Full-crew" two cars. .. bill. [Topelra, 19131 6 p. Laws of 1906. Chap. 463. 1913. Law requiring pilot engineers on Culberson (Senate Doc. 692, 60th trains detoured over strange tracks. Cong., 2d sess.), p. 3-4. Approved March 11, 1913. 1912. Bill. Passed by General court. Ve- Bulletin 56, p. 19. toed by Governor FOSS. Bill. House 908. Limiting trains to Comment: 50 cars. Reported adversely. Governor Foss and t h e full crew bill. 1915. Bill. Senate 168. Minimum crews (Railway record, v. 4, May 18, for all trains. 1912, p. 2) SPECIAL LIBRARIES Massachusetts's govcrnor vetoes House 410. Equipment of switch full train crcw bill. engines with sn[ficient crcws. (Railway world, v. .56: 41 1 ; May Senate 273. Similar t o 1-louse 410. 10, 1912) None oll the abovc wcrc! re- Contains the Governor's mes- porlcd out 01 cominittce ~ s c e l ~ t sage on the subject. Scnate 273, which pnssed the Sen- Locomotive firemen and enginc- ate but d~ecl in t h e I-louse c o n - men's magazine [Editorial l mittec on railroads. Governors veto full crew bill. 1915. Bills. Senatc 13. Reguiring railways (Locomotive firemen and engiae- to equip switching engines w t h men's magazine, v. 63: 491; ~umc~ent crcw. Oct. 1912) Sellale 36, H o ~ i s c G I . Prohibiting Bills vetoed in Massachuse1,ls operation of any lrain aC more and New Yorlc. than 50 cars. c s Order of r a ~ l w t ~ y o n d ~ ~ c t o r ancl brotherhood of railroad trainmen. Circular sent to the meinl~ers of 1913. Bills. Senate I9 M~nim~lm crews &Iassachusetts I-louse of repre- required on all classss of traius sentatives, 1912. 1 p. House 245. iVinimunz crews specl- Railroad trainman [Editorial 1 fled. Full crem billfi passed and vetoed. Senate 515. M ~ ~ I I I I U I U bgcci- CPC\\.S (Railroad trainman, v. 29 : 531-34; fied. June, 1912) Comment: Railway age gazette 1 Editorial] Minrlasoln ltrll crew bill. [Full crew 1egislal.ion in the varl- (I,ocomot,ivo firemen and cug111~- ous statcs.] mcn's ~nagazine, v. 50': 8 10; (Ra~lway age gszette, v. 62: 943; Dec. 1913) April 26, 1912) 1915. Bill. FTouse 33. Limits trains to o m - Comment on full crew legisla- 11all' mile. tion in R'lassacI~usetts. New York, Pennsylvsnis. Arltansas Mississippi. and New Jersey. 1914. Bill. Scnnte 275. Providing m itlimu~~r [Gosernor Foss vetoes the full crew crew. bill. 1 Missouri. (Railway age gazette, v 52: 10?!J- 1813 Law providing s u f i r i c ~ ~ctw w s COI* 30; May 10, 1912) trains. Approved Aj)rll 16, 1913. A Trailman (paeuil.) Sulmitterl l o referendlull and cle- Traillnl~n explains full crem bill feal~dNovember, 19 14. vetoed by Foss. Arts of 1913, 1). IS::, Scc. 1-4. (Railroad trainman, v. 39 : 614-15; Bulletin 55, 11. 20 July, 1912) Bureau labor l3ull. 148, p. 12115. 1912. Massacllusetts railrond com~nission Comment: adds exlra n ~ a n10 crew. Campaign n g n i n ~ t llie cxira crcw (Railroad tramman, v. 29. 828; law in llissouri. Sept 1 9 1 2 ) (ltnilway a g e gazelle, v. 67: 80.1- 1913. Bill. House 1357. Providing for 806; OcL, 30, 1914) proper nlailning 01 freight trains. Commercial and li oanc~nlcli ~ ~ m i c l c Reportcil by Lhc Spnntc illarc11 31, [Editorial 1 1913, ancl refwred to next General One full-crew law rcjcctctl [in court. Missouri I. Law. Empowering P u b l ~ c service con>- (Commercial ancl H n ~ n c ~ n l chron- inlssion to judge of and order suffi- iclc, v !)9: 1330; Nov. 7, 1914) cient crews tor trains. rCIonime~it of Govcrnol' Mnjnr ~ ~ e l a - Acts of 1913, Chap. 784. Sec. 24. ot' tivu t o i i ~ e d lull crsw l n x s In Massachusetts. Laws General Missouri. I laws of iVassach~~seLts relating t o (Itailway ~ g k a z e l t c , Y. 54: 962; c railroad corporations, street rail- APT. 25, 1913) roads.. .Boston, 1914. p. 101 r F i-~ u r e ssliowin~: - cost of the rcl'rr- Bureau labor Bull 148, p. 1029. enclum cainpa~gnagail~sl.the Mis- 1914. Bill. Senatc 130. Providing m e m l ~ e r s soui,i full crcw law.] 01 crews. (Railway age gazette, v. 57: 113~i9: Dec. 4.. 1914') -~ Michigan. [Figures showing thc refer-ndrim 1913. B~lls. Sonate 5. Prov~dlngcrews on vote lor and against the hlissoul'i all kinds of t r a ~ n s . full crew law. I House 55. Minimum crew required. (liailway age gazette, v. 57: 980; House 106. S ~ r n ~ l a r House 65. to Nov. 20, 1914) SPECIAL LIBRARIES [Governor Major has signed tlle (Railway and engineering review, Missouri full crew bill.1 v. 53: 518; June 7, 1913) (nailway nge gazette, v. 54: 963; Spencer, 0. M. Apr. 25, 1913) T h e clefeat of the Missouri full Journal of t h e Switchmen's union crew law. [Editoriall (Railway age gazette, v. 57: 1036; The fate of t h e Missouri full crew Doc. 4, 1914) bdl. Straight talk i n Missouri about tull (Journal of the Switchmen's crew law. union, v. 16 796-97; Dec. 1914) (Wall street journal, Nov. 13, Labor legislation to be submitted 1934, p. 2, col. 5) for referendum vote. To a s k referendum on Missouri full (Railroad trainman, v. 30. 647-48; crew lttw. July, 1913) (Railway and engineering review, Missouri full-crew law defealed. v. 63: 426; Muy 10, 1913) (Railway ago gazette, v. 57: 867; Voters i n Missouri defeat full-crew Nov. 6, 1914) law. Missouri recalls its full crew law. (Commercial and financial chron- (Litorarv digest, v. 49: 994; Nov. Aclo, v. 99: 1343; Nov. 7, 1914) 21, 1914) Wall street journal [Editorial] Missouri's e+t.ra crew bill. Returning sanity (Railway review, v. 55: 600; Nov. (Wall street journal, Nov. 6, 1914, 14, 1914) p. I, col. 2) Reprinted from the New Yorlc Comment on the result of the Evening post. referendum. Nation [Editorial 1 Wheeling, W, A. [Full crew defeated by referen- Appeal t o your friends. dum vote 111 Missonri.] (Railroad trainman, v. 31: 345; (Nation, v 99. 570. Nov. 12, 1914) Apr. 1914) Railroad t r a i n ~ n n nI Editorial] T h e full crew law. hlissouri full crew law defeated. (Railroad trainman, v. 31 : 1128- T h e duty of all toward the full 29; DBC. 1914) crew law in Missouri. Railway age gazetle [Editorial] (Railroad trainman, v. 31 ; 244-45; A substitute for the full crew law. March, 1914) (Railway age gazette, v 67: 1167; Dec. 25, 1914) Our great contest in Missouri Proposed law in Missouri lim- Railroad trainman, v. 31. 139-40; iting trains to 50 cars. Feb. 1914) Full crew referendum in Missouri Overco~ifldence in the full crew (Railway age gazette, v. 5 7 883; law. Nov. 13, 1914) (Railroad trainman.. v. 30: 1096: Dee. 191.1) [Missouri full crew law mill not g~ 1915. Bille. Senate 118, House 288. Repeal- into effect until referendum ing the a c t of April 16, 1913. vote is taken Upon it.1 Montana. (Railway age gazette, v. 54: 1207; .Tune 6, 3013) 1913. Bills. Senate 46, House G4. Spec~Pying -- minimum crows. [The railways of Missonri have House 72. Same. decided to ~ e t i t i o nfor referen- Nebraska. dum rote o n the full crew law.] Law requiring crews lor passenger (Railway age gazette, v. 54: 1163; May 30, 1913) and all other classes of tmins. Approved March 31, 1909. Acts of 1909, Chap. 98, Sec. 1-5. [Why Governor Major signed the Bulletin 55, p. 21. Missouri full crew bill.] Bureau labor Bull. 85, p. 668. (Railway a g e gazette, v. 54: 931; Comment: Apr 25, 1913) Nebraslm. Railway commission. IRaiIway oficers in St. Louis decide Replies to inquiries regarding all- to petition for referendum vote on plication of train crew law. I11 the full crew 1aw.l its 4th Annual report, 1911, p. 246. (Railway age gazette, v. 54: 1039; 250, 257. May 9, 1913) Law reqnirillg minimum crew for light Referendum on t h e full crew law ill engines Approved April 5, 1913. Missouri. Amends Act of 1909. SPECIAL LIBRARIES 33 Rev, statutes, 1913, Sec. 5991-5996. Trenton, N. J.,1912. 9 p. Bulletin 55, p. 21. Report adverse t o passage of bill. Bureau labor Bull. 148, p. 1310. New Jersey. Governor (Ivilson). 1913. Bills, not passed. Bnn~rnl message, January 14, 1913. Senate 36. hliniinum switcliing Full crew laws recominel~dec~, crew. p. G . House 58. Amending Section Hearings on full crew bills of 1913 10665x8 of Cobbey's 1911 statutes. and 1P12 were held Novernber 1, Specifies rnininl~mzcrews. 191 1 , November 15, 1911, Pcbru- Housc 120. lJrescribes ~ninimum ary 26, 1!l12 crews on passenger, rnail or ex- 1913. Law realliring full crews. Amroveil press trains. Al~rili, 191% House 832. Crews of freight trains. Hearings held April 1, 1913. House 111. Prohibiting operation of Actfi of 1913. Clwn 190, Soc 1-9. freight trains exceeding 50 cars. Bulletin 55, ir. 24-35. Tndefinitcly postponed, March 17. Bureau labor I3ull. 148, p. 1426 Comment: Nevada. I3esler, \. r G. 1909. Law requiring full trt~in C ~ C W S . A p [l,etler to each member of the proved March 8, 1909. New Jersey state l e g i s l n t u ~ ' ~ Acls of 1909, Chap. 74, Sec 1-4. relntlve t o pending lull crcw Bullct~n65. 11. 24. legislntion.1 New Yc~rlr,Jan. 16, Rureau labor 131111. 85, p. 670 1933. 3 tygewrilteli leaves. Nevada. Railroad commisnion. 2d Coinmercial and h a n c l a l c l i r o ~ ~ i c l e annual rcport, 1909. [Eclitoriull. Sec. 1 of full crcw lam with re- Lgbor unions and the exlra crew port, p. 40. b~lls. - - n~mualreport, 1910 3d inl (Coma~ercialarid I i ~ ~ n i ~ c cliron- "V~olntion of full-crew law," p. icle, v. !IG: 984-86; A i r . 5, 1!113). 28-39. CornmiLLee of presidents of thirlccn 7'111s law is the same a s the railroads operating in Pc~i~lss'l- Indiana law of 1907. vania ancl New Jersey. 1911. Law specifying train crews 011 passen- Statement issued lor thirtccn rail- ger trains, Approved February 21, roads in Pennsylvan~am i l New 1911. Jcrsey on thc full crew lnw, a , 11. Stalules of the state of Nevada, [lDltiJ 3 typew-illen lcaves. 1911, Chap. 18, 11. 17-18. Jerscy railroads u p in a r m ovcr rull Bulletin 55, p. 23. crew bill pending. 23d annual convention, p. 888-!I. (Wall street journal, Agr. 2 , 1913, This law mas amended and super- 1). 8, col. 3.) seded by New Jersey railroarls i~ctil.ion for re- 1911. Law specifying train crews on pas- peal ol' full crew law. senger trams. Agproved March 28, (liailway review, v. 54: 349-50; 1911. March 7, 1914 ) Acts of 3911, Chap 201, 1-5. New Jerscy state legitllalurc peli- Bulletin 55, p. 23. tioned to repeal foll crcw law. 23d annual convention, p. 888. (Railway world, v, 68: 235-36; Bureau of labor Bull. 97, 1?. 1201. March 1 91 4.) 1913. Law prescribing sufficient crews for Pennsylvania railroad compnny. An- trams Approved March 12, 1913. ri~lnl rcport. 1913. Acts of 1913, Chap 74, Sec. 1-7. Cost of full crcw laws t o its esst- Bulletin 55, p 21-23. ern lines, 1933, $850,000 (p. 7). Burcau labor Bull. 148, p. 1346. Compilation of cosl of recently New Hampshire. enacted legislation governing 1913 Bill. House 172. Specifying mini- railroad operation in Ncw Jer- I I ~ U I ~crews. I sey, New Yorlr and Pennsyl- vania. May 16, 1013. Lenilet New Jersey. oll "For the inforn~ation the pnb- lic " 1911. Bill. Senate 83. Not passcd. A Plague of "Cull crew" bills. Comment: (Railway and engineering review, New Jersey. Board of public util- v. 53: 516-17; Apt*. 5, 1913.) ity comm~ssioners. Report . . .. T h e full crew bills of New Jer- to the Seuate ot New Jersey upon s e y and New Yorlc, Senate bill no 83, submitted in Railroad train inan [Editorial]. compliaace with resolution passed Railroads demand repeal of the by the Senate April 12t11, 1911. full crew law. SPECIAL LIBRARIES (Railroad traiuman, v. 31 : 11 16-18; [New Yorlc full crew laws] Dec. 1914.) (Railway and engineering review, In New Jersey, New York and v. 4 7 : 5 5 4 ; Junc 22, 1907.) Pennsylvania. 1908. Bill. Assembly 1800. Providing fnll Railway age gazette [Editorial]. crews on light engines. [Full crew legislation in the vari- Passed and vetocd by Governor ous states I Hughes (Rallway age gazettc, v 5 2 : 943; Comment: Apr. 36, 1912.) review Railway and c n g ~ l l ~ c r i n g Comment on the full crcw legis- [Editorial] . latlon 111 New J e r ~ e y ,Arkan- Governor Ilugllcs v ~ t o e s[the full sas, Massachusctts, New Pork crew bill]. and Penn~ylvania. (Railway and ei~ginceringrevlew, Railway world [Editorial]. v. 4 7 : 423-24; Rlay 30, 1908.) The "F1111 crew" laws of N"w 1911 Bill Senate 293. Providing full York h d New Jersey. train crcws. (Railway world, v. 57: 349-50; Passed and vetocd by Governor Ilis. May 1913.) Comment: Hea, Samuel. Locomotive firemen and enginemen's An appeal to the people lor helg magazine [Editorial]. [for repeal of the extra crew Governors veto full crew bill. laws in Pennsylvania, New Jer- and (Locornotivc f ~ ~ w i ~ e n engine- sey and New Yorlr. October 31, men's magazinc, v, 5 3 : 491; Oct. 1914.1 1912.) (Pennsylvania railroad. Informa- 1913. Law prnv~ding for CIIII crews for tion for employes and thc pub- c e r t a ~ nLrains. Approved 3Iarcli 31, lic, 11, 43.) 191 3. Repeal of New Jersey Cull crcw law oe A C ~ S 1913, ( : I I L ~ ~ I146. . sought. New Ynrlc. Laws. Labor laws of (Commercial and financial chron- New Yorlc stalc, 1913. Albany, icle, v. 98' 735, March 7, 1914.) 1913. p 176. New Mextco. Bullelin 5 5 , 1). 25. Bureau of labor Bull. 148, g. 1554. Bill. IIouse no 138. Introduced May, Reports of hearings not printed. ---- 191 2 Comment: Limits length of freight trains to Brown, Williani C. 60 cars. T h e Full crew blll. Pertinent re- Bill. House no. 1 . Specifies m~nimunl n~arlcs I.he Govcrnor by Presi- lo CSGWS. dent of tho New Yorlr central. New York. (Ncw York Sun. March 19. 191.1.) Bill. Assembly 455. Senate rep. 1338. Commerclnl and finnncial chronicle Passed and vetoed by Governor [Editorial]. Hughes, June 15, 1907 Labor unions and thc exlm crem Comment: bills. Arkansas and New Yorlc full crew (Commercial and fluancia1 chron- bills. icle, v. 9 6 : 984-85; Apr. 5, 1913.) (Railroad trainmen's journal, v. [Cost of full crew law in New 24: 560-51; June 1907.) Yorlr.] The "Full crew" bill [vetoed in] (Railway agc gazette, v. 6 6 : 543; New York. March 13, 1914.) (Railway and engineering review, Governor Sulzer nnd Lllc railroad v. 47 5 p l ; June 22, 1907 ) corr~panies. Fall crew bill s ~ g n c d . Full train crews not essential. (Locornot~vefiremen nnd sngine- (Railway and engineering review, men's magazine, v. 5 4 : 635-37; v 47: 478; June 8 , 1907.) May, 1913.) New Yorlr. Governor (Huglies). Governor Sulzer ml the New Yorlr Message vetoing full crew bill, full crew hill. June 15, 1907 (Journal of the Switchmen's union, In Public papers of Governor V. 1 5 : 426-27; July, 1913.) Hughes, 1907, p. 94-95 Harper's weekly [Eclilorlal]. In U S. Congress. House. Com- A story o the full crew bill. C mitte on interstate and foreign (I-Ialper's weekly, v. 5 7 : May 1 7 , commerce. Hearings, 1910. p. 1913.) 195-96, 212. New Yorlr central lines. In Special committee on r e l a l i o ~ ~ s Report for 1913. of railway operation to legisla- T h e additional annual espendi- tion Bulletin no. 3, January turc due to the New Yorlr ant1 11, 1910, P. 9. New Jersey full crew laws SPECIAL LIBRARIES amounts approximately to (Pennsylvania railroad system. $560,000. Information for employes and New Yorlr full crew law. the public, 11, 43) (Railway and cngineering review, v. 53: 837; Sept. 6 , 1913.) ~ e t t e rof President Rea to 1-1011. Olmstead, John B. . \ITilliam Suleer. .relative to Lhe 'The Public service commission cost l o the Penrlsylvania rail- and t h e full crew bill. road 01 full-crew laws now in (Harper's weekly, v. 57 : 5; June force. 2 1. Philadelphia, hIarch 28, 1913 ) 15. 1913. Outloolr [Editoriall. in ~ c p h t e d Railway age gazette, The full crew bill v 5 4 685; Mar. 21, 1913. (Outlook, v. 103: 788; Apr. 12, Reprinted in Hallway and engi- 1913.) neering review, v. 53: 259; Mar. Pennsylvania railroad company, h n - 22, 1933. nual report, 1913. Rea, S a m ~ ~ e l , others. and Cosl of full crew laws to its east- A bill that seriously menaces the ern lines, 1913, %850,000(p. 7). interests of the railroads and the uublic. of Comp~lation cost of recently en- (New I'orlc Evening post, Marc11 acted legislation governing rail- 29, 1913) road operation in Ncw Yorlr, Sulzcr, William. New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Why I ~ i g n e dthe full crew bill May 18, 1913. Leaflet, "For the (Mediator, v. 5: 7-1I ; July 1913) informat~on tlie public." of Wall street journal [Editorial] A Plague of "full crew" bills. The full crow law. (Railway and engineering review, Apr 4, 3913, ('Walt street ~ o u r n a l , v. 53 316-37; Apr. 5, 1913 ) p. 1, col. 2) The full crew bills of New Jer- sey and New Yorlr Here i the evidence [Suleer and s Planmng t o stiflc "Full crew" in- the full crew law]. quiry. (Wall street journal, Apr. 18, 1913, (New Yorli times, Apr. 5, 1913.) 1). 1, col. 2) ~ P r e s s c o ~ r i r n e ~ont the Cull crew bill. New York papers criticise it. So~ncthlngto arbitrate [the fnll (State topics, v. 4: 3-13; NIay 24, crew law]. 1913.) (Wall strcct journal, July 18, 19l:, Railroad trainman [Editorial] p 1, col. 2 ) Rnilroads demand repeal of tlie - I Full crew law. Wrecks and their causes. (Railroad trainman, v. 31: 1115- (Wall street journal, Scpt G , 1913, 18; Dec. 1914.) p. 1, col. 2) In New York. New Jersey and Cost of the New I'orlr fnll Pennsylvania. crew laws. Railway age gazette [Editor~al]. [Full crew lemslation in the va- 1913. Bill. House 62. Amcnding fnll crew lam, givir~gPublic service commis- - rioiw stntes.] s~on authority to prescribe different (Railway age gazette, v 6 2 . 943; mcthods of opcrat~on. Not passed. ADr. 26, 1912.) Comment on full crew legisln- 19L5. Bills. Asselnbly 53. Reppaling Full tion of New York and other crew law. Jntroduced by Mr. Conlr- states. ling, Jan. !3, 1915. Asseri~bly 26. Amending full crew [Governor Sulzcr and the full law, giving lJublic service corn- crew law.] mission authority to prescribe (Ra~lway ago gazette, v 55: 256; methods of operation. Introduced Aug. 15, 1913) by Mr. Sullivan, J:~nuary 13, 1915. Rai1wa.y world [Editorial] IIo11se 214. Authorizing Public serv- The ''Full crew" laws of New ice commission to determine and York and New Jersey. ! prescribe number o men in train (Railway world, v. 57: 349-50; crews Assembly 589. To amend thc rail- May 1913) Rea, Samuel. road law 111 relation to lengtll of An appeal to tho people for help trains. Introduced by Mr. RIead, for repcal of the extra crew Peb. 5, 1915. laws in Pennsylvania, New Jer- The Train length bill [New Yorlcl sey and New Yorlr. October 31, Moody's magazine, v. 18: 7, Jan. 1914. 1915) 36 SPECIAL LIBRARIES North Carllina. House 4. Same a s Senate 19. Bills. House 1177. Crews on trains House 327. Same a s Senate 30. A full crew bill was passed and of 30 cars or less. yetoed by Governor Cruce. House 1175. Crews o n passenger trains. Comment: House 1342. White flagmen on pas- Current issue [Editorial] senger trains. W e conaratulate Gov. Cruce. ( c u r r e n t Issue [Austin, Tex.], v. North Dakota. 13: 6; June 15, 1913. Oltlahoma. Governor (Cruce) Law providing brakemen. Governor Cruce's message veto- Acts of 1905, Chap. 94. ing Oklahoma train crew bill. Rev. code of 1905, Sec. 4307, 4308. Compilation of laws of t h e state of (Railway age gazette, v. 54: 849; North Dakota governing railroads, April 11, 1913) . warehouses. .l.9ll, p. 59. -- Editorial comment, p. 823. Bulletin 55. Rureau labor Bull. 148, p. 1586. Veto of "Full" crew bill. In mes- Culbcrson (Senate Doc. 692, 60th sage rarely heard from state Cong., 2d sess.), p. 4. o r federal authorities. Bills. Senate 99. Prescribing mini- (American shippers' gazette, v. 1: mum crews. no. 19, p. 3; June 14, 1913) Senate 334. Similar 'to Senate 99. -- Why I vetoed t h e full crew bill. Ohio. (Mediator, v. 5: 11-12; July 1913), Law prohibiting passenger trains Railway journal [Editorial] without a full crew. Approved May Governor vetoes railway bill' 2, 1902. (Railway journal, v. 19: 3-4; May Acts of 1902, p. 343, Sec. 1-4. 1913) Law prohibiting freight traius with a full crew. Approved May 2, 1902. Oregon. Acts of 1902, p. 337, Sec. 1-4. Both laws: Bnlletin 55, p. 26-27. 1913. Law requiring sufficient crews. Ap- Cnlbersol~ (Senate Doc. 692, 60th proved June 2, 1913. Cong , 2d sess ), p. 4-5, Acts of 1913, Cliay. 162, Sec. 1-3. Trallsportation laws of t h e state of Bulletin 55, p. 27. Ohio. Columbus, 1906, p. 138. Bureau labor Bull. 148, p. 1781. A compilation of the laws of Ohio affecting the regulation of rail- Pennsylvania. roads and public utilities. Colum- bus, 1913, p. 817-18, 1911. Law requiring full crews. Approved Law amending section 12533 o gen- C June 19, 1911. eral code relating to running pas- Laws of the General assembly of enger trains with less than full the commonwealth of Pennsyl- crew. Approved June 17, 1911. vania, 1911, p. 1053-55. Acts of 1911, p 508. Pennsylvania. Dept. of internal af- Bulletin 55, 1). 26. fairs. Bureau of railways. An- 23d annual convention, p. 1096. nual report. P a r t IV. Harrisburg, Bureau labor Bull. 148, p. 1690. 1912. 1235 p. Law specifying crews f o r swilching F1i11 crew law, p. liv-lv. engines. Approved April 24,1913. Railroad commission. Report, Acts of 1913, p. 191. 1911 Harrisburg, 1911. 180 p. Bulletin 55, p 25-26. Full crew act, 1. 7. ) Bureau labor bulletin, p. 1890. Bulletin 55, 11. 17-18. Journal of the Switchmen's union, Bureau labor Bull. 148, p. 1916. v. 15: 585; Sept. 1913. Constitutionality and police Bill. Senate 30. 1,irnits length of Dower discussed in case of Penn- freight trains to 60 cars, or 2640 sylvania railroad co. v. Ewing et feet. al. Suprcme court of Pennsyl- House 125. Same as Senate 30. vania. J u n c 27, 1913 (88 Atlantic reporter, p. 775). Oklahoma. Reviewed in Bureau of labor Bills. Senale 30. Minimum crews on Bull. 152, p. 156. Opinion of J. freight trains. Brown, judge. Senate 109. Crews o n passenger Comment: trains. Committee of presidents of thirteen House 352. Crews on passenger railroads operating in Pennsyl- trains. vania and New Jersey. SPECIAL LIBRARIES 37 Slatement issued for thirteen rail- Code of 1902, Sec. 2127. roads in Pennsylvania and New Code of 1912. Sec. 3217. Jcrsey on the full crew law. Rulletin 55, P. 28. n. p. [I9161 3 typewritten leaves. Burean labor 13ull. 148, p. 199G. Pennsylvania railroad company. C~~lherson (Senate Doc. G92, 60th Annual report, 19J 3. Cong., 2d -sess.), 1). 5. Cost of full crew law of Pennsyl- Bills. Housc 7. Rfinimum crews on vania lo eastcrn lines., 88E0.000 . , frelght a n d passenger trains. (P 7). House 7 (Amcndetl). [Compilation of cosl of rc- I-Iousc? 197. Prohibiting c~pcsrttionof cently enacted legislation in Penn- frcight lrainu exceeding GO cars. sylvania, New Jersey ancl New South Dakota. Yoslc, governing railroad opera- tion, May . l R , 1913. I n For thc B ~ l l s . IIouse 132. Minimum crcws on jnfonnation of the public. all classcs of trains nlld llnlillna Pennsylvania full crcw law. freight trains t o 60 cars. (Railway and cngineering review, House 205. Minilnun1 crew on lms- v. 61: 658; Jan. 24, 1911) . senger tmlns. Pennsylvania railroad atlaclrs full I-Iol~w302. Minimum crews on all crcw laws. trains. Passcd IIousc bul, not (Railway and engineering review, Senale. v. 61: 648; J u l y 22, 1911) Senate 393. Miniinun~ craw^ on Railroad trainman rEditorial1 roads morc tlltlll 35 n l i l 0 ~loll$. Railroads dema116 rc])cnl of the lleportncl ad versciy. Tennessee. Full crew law. (Railroad trainman, v. 31: 1116- Bill.I-Iouse 42O. Crcws on passcngor 18: Dec. 3914) and freight trains. In Pennsylvania, New York Texas. and New Jerscy. Law requiring l)rnlre~and hrt~lcemcn. Railway ngc gazette [Edltoriall Approved February 7, 1868. [Full crew legislation in t h e vasi- Rev. statutes, 1896, Soc. 4617. ous slates.] Rulletin 55, p. 29. (Railway age gazette, v. 52: 943; Burcau labor. 22d annual rcporl, Apr 26, 1912) 1907, 1). 1283. Comment. on full crew legisla- e C!ulberson ( S e ~ ~ a tDoc. 692, 60th tion fn Pennsylvan~a,Massachu- Cong., 2d sess.), p. 6. setts, New York, Arlransas and Bill. House 80. Not passed. New Jerscy. Railroad truinmen's journal, v. 24: Rea, Samuel. 902; Sspt. 1907. An appeal to 111e people for help L a w requiring Pull crcws. Approved [for repeal of llle exlra crew March 25, 1907. laws in lJerillsylvcznia, New Jer-' Acts of 1007, Chnp. 41. sey and New York. October 31, Rulletin 5 6 , p. 2'3. 1914. Poster. Repr~nteil in 23d annun1 convcnlion, p. 1299. Pennsylvania railroad system. Culherson (Senate Doc. 692, (iOL11 Informt~lionPor en~ployeesand Cong., 2d snss.), p. G. the public, 11, 431 Comment: Rea, Samuel. T h e I M l crew law of Texas. Lelter of President Rea t o IIon (Railway and cngineering rcviow, . IV~lliamSulzer. .relative to the v. 47: 962; Kov. 9, 1907) cost to the Pennsylvania, mil- L a w rt:quiring full crews, Approved road of full-crew laws now in March 20, 1909. force. 2 1. Philadelphia, March Acts of 1909, Chap. 100, Sec. 1 . 4 ~ . 16, 1913. Rev, civil statutes, 1911, Arl. 0571- Reprinted in Railway age gazette, 5G G7 v. 64: 685; March 21, 1913. Bulletin 55, 1,. 28. Regrinled in Railway and cngi- Bureau labor Bull. 85, p. 784. neering review. v. 53: 2.59: Bureau labor Bull. 148, p. 2084. arch-22, 1913.' 23d Annual convention, p. 1299-1300. 3913. Bill. Senate 508. Specifying crew of - - - Comment: light engines. Full crew legislation in ~ e x a f l . Rouse 1018. Same. (Railway and engineering revlew, Senate 218. Limlts freiglll trnins to v. 61: 667; July 22, 1911) 60 cars. Not acted on. Bills. House 327. Providing full crews. House 4. Providing fuil crcws on South Carolina. all classes of trains. 1902. Law requiring sumcient number of Senate 19. Minimum craws. brakemen. No hearings printed. SPECIAL LIBRARIES 1915. House 259, Senate 134. Prescribing Wisconsin. minilnunl crew. 1907. Law requiring full crews. Approved Utah. June 25, 1907. Acts of 1907, Chap. 402. 1913. Bills. Senate 206. Spccifying mini- Annotated statutes, Sec. 1809r, nlum crews on all classes of trains. 1809s, 1809t, 1809u. 1916. House 4. Limiting length of pas- Bulletin 55, p. 30. senger trains to 9 cars. I3ureau labor Bull. 148, p. 2288. Housc 5. Limiting freight, work, or Bureau labor 22d annual report, mixed freight a n d passenger 1907, p. 1435. trains to 45 cars. 23d annual convention, p. 1447-48. House 11. Prescribing minimum Culberson (Senate Doc. 692, 60th crews for switching o r transfer- Cong., 2d sess.), p. 6-7. rmg engines. Wisconsin. Laws. A compilation House 16. Prescribing minimum of laws affecting the regulation crews for passenger, mail a n d ex- of ra~lroads. August, 1909. Madi- press trains. House 18. Prescribing minimum son, 1909, p. --67. A compilation of l a m crew for freight trains. affecting the regulation of rail- Virginia. roads, 1905-1911. hladison, 1911, 1. 82. ) 1913. BIII. Senate 117. Limiting freight -- Laws of Wisconsin af- trains to 50 cars. fecting railroad employees, in Fnll crew bill. effect August 1, 1911. Madison, Comment: 1911, p. 12-13. Fnll crews but no trains. Comment: (Railway age gazette, v. 56: 333; Wisconsin. Rctilrond commission. Feb. 13, 1914) Report in reply to inquiry of Du. Mnlier, N. D. luth, South Shore & Atlantic rail- Maximum car limit a n d full crew way co. in regard to brakernen bills. Statement of N, D. Maher, on short passenger trams. Au. vice-president and wesl- gust 27, 1908. ern rallway company, before the In its Rcport, 1908, p. 224. Roads eonlmittee of t h e I-louse 1913. Law requiring c r e w on switching en- .. of delegabs, 1914. [Richmond, gines. Approved April 12, 1913. 19141 8 p. Laws of 1913, Chap. 63. Rhsinium car limit bill Steno- Bulletin 55, p 30. graphic report of slatements made Bills. Senate 4. Crews on freight by representatives of the railway trains of 3 or more cars. Limits companies ~n Virginia, and by trains to BO cars. representatives of t h e conductors' Senate 46 Mininium crews on pas- and bralremen's organizations, at senger trains. hearings before c o n m i t t e e s of the Senate 549. Amends Sec. 1809s of General asscrnbly of Virginia, at Statutes, crew of freight trains. the 1914 session, on t h o Maximum House 685. To create Sec. 18090-50 . car limit bill. . [Richmond, 19141 of Statutes, prohibiting operation 144 p. of trains of more than 60 cars. Hearings on t h e above bills not printed by the state. Wyoming. 1913. Bill. House 71. Requiring all light Washington. engines t o be manned with sufficient 1911. Law rcquiring sufficient crews for crews. Feb. 10, reported without rec- trains. Approved March 21, 1911. ommendation and placed on General dcts of 1911, Chap. 134, Scc. 1-5. file. Fob 15, cons~dered in Com- Bulletin 55, p. 29. mittee of whole and laid over one Bureau labor Bull. 148, p. 2220. day. Feb. 19, indefinitely postponed. 23d annual convention, p. 1421. United States. West Virginla. Bills on full crews introduced in Con. 1913. Bills. House 16. Specifying mini- mess. mum crews. 1909 H.R. 28379. Introduced by W. H. Senate 111. Prescribing minimum Ryan, Feb. 27. crews. H.R. 7553. A. I?. Dawson, April 15. Senate 19. Same a s House 16. In Railroad trainman, v. 26: 433- House 29. Same as Senate 111. 34, May, 1909. 1915. House 130. Prescribing minimum S 1986. W. E. Borah, April 26, crews. SPECIAL LIBRARIES H.R. 30888. J. A. Martin, June 21, CO-OPERATION I N T H E DISTRICT OF 1909. COLUMBIA. H.R.18795. J. A. Martin, January A long strlde in the right rlirectjon was 31, 1910. taken by the District of COlumbla J ~1 rary .b H.R.13911. I. R. Slierwood, Bug. 21, association when i t devoted its meeting of 1911. The lcast number of men Dccember eleventh t o the all-important sub- wlio must be assigned to each en- ~n. ject of " C ~ - ~ ~ e l ' ~ t i Close" co-operation gine or locomotive engaged in already exists anlollg the mally librarians in lialldling cars used in inlerstate t h e District. The purpose of this meeting commerce and in switching cars. was not t o stlmllhte co-operation, so much I n Jouinal of the Switchmen's a s systematize it. union, v. 16: 27; January, 1914. Mlss Ona M. Imlloff and Dr. A. C. Tilton In Hearii~gsbefore Llie Commit- told what Wlsconsill has accoiiiplisl~ed in tee on H.R. 13911. Junc 8, 1912. this direction. The Associal~on tllen heard from the following special librarians, each H.K. 21219 A. J. Sabath, March 2, i n his tlirn describilig his particular library 1912. mid s c t t ~ n g forth his special collections: H.R. 5152. I. R Sherwood, May Dr. E. W. Allen, Amfitant-director of the 15, 1913. Offlce of the experillielit stations and slation rccord. Editor of' the E x g e r i ~ n e ~ ~ t Comment: hliss Alice C, Atwood, Burcnu of plant in- Baltimore Suti [Editorial] dustrv. 'I'lie pcople pay the hill [Full crew Miss MI. Alice DIalthews, Bureau of labor bill of Congressman Sabathl. statistics. (Baltimore Sun, h9arcli 12, 1912) Miss Helen E. Stockbridge, Forest service. Iteprinted a s Bureau of rail- Mr. R H. Jolinston, Bureau of railway eco- way economics leaflet no. 16. nomics. Cost of compliance wjtli proposed Mr. Lewis Barrington, I.ibrary of Congress. f d e r a l full crew law. STr Carlos C: I-Ioogllton, Bureau of corpora- (12ailwzy and eiigineerilig revlew, tions. v. 5 2 . 919; October 5, 1912) A notion from the floor authorized the Conlinent on Bullelin 39 of tho lwesiclent to appoint a coniinittee to compile Special comni~tteeon relations of a Iiandhool~ special fcatures of D~strict of of railway operation to legisla- Columbia, libraries, this boolc to be so ar- tion. ranged a s t o be of practical use to librarians New Yurlc Tiines [Editorial] in t h e District. A11 those who atlcnded the T h e national full crew law. last A. L. A convention and saw tlie liand- (New Yorlc Times, April 3, 1913) boolc of libraries in the District mill imnie- TT. G. Congress. House. Coiimllttee clialcly realizc t h e full value of tlie proposed on interstate and foreign coin- cumpilation. merce. Thc "Full-crew" law ~ l l efollowing omcers were elected to Hearings before the Committee steer the Association through another active on the bill I-I.R. 13911. J u n e 8, year: 1912 9 p. ~resident-&Ir. H, 13, Meyer, Library of 14 Contains tcxt of bill and state- Congress. ment of I 11 Sherwood. No more 1st Vice-nresident-Mr. Willard 0. Waters, - - h c a r ~ n g sheld. ~ of ~ i b r a r y Congress. The S~vitchmen'sfull crew bill. 2nd Vice-presidcnt-Miss Eunlce R. Oberly, (Jol~rnal of tlic Switchmen's Librarian, Bureau of plant industry. union, v 1 G : 27-28; January, Secretary-Mr. Carlos C. Houghton, Li- 1914) brarian, Bureau of cor[~orations. T e s t of H.R. 13911 a n d com- Treasurer-Miss Emma B. Hawlts, Assistant ment. librarian, Dept. of agriculture. Weaver, J. Leroy. T h e following, together with the above National full crew law. oflicers, were clected on the Executive com- (Railroad trainman, v. 28: 527-28; mittee: Nov. 1911) Mr. Charles Martel, Llbrary of Congress. 1914. Bill. H R. 18988. Prohibiting opara- Dr. George F. Bowerman, Librarian, Public tion of trains of more than one-half library. mile in length in Interstate traffic F a t h e r H. T. Sllandelle, Libmrian, George- and in t h e District of Columbia and town university. a n y territory. CARLOS C . HOUGHTON, Secretary.
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