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PARTICIPLES & PARTICIPIAL PHRASES • A verb form that is used as an ADJECTIVE. – PAST or PRESENT – End in –ing, -d, -ed, –en, -t PARTICIPLES & PARTICIPIAL PHRASES • Participles can be found at the beginning, middle, or end of a sentence, but they MUST BE relatively close to the noun or pronoun they modify. • Participles are ONE WORD. • Participial phrases consist of that ONE WORD plus modifiers. PARTICIPLES & PARTICIPIAL PHRASES STEPS to finding the participle or participial phrase 1. Find the subject. 2. Find the real verb. 3. Look for other words that look like verbs (word endings are the clue). EXAMPLE #1 The pouring rain drove us inside for the party. – “Pouring” is the participle – It describes rain. • Avoid getting the participle confused with the REAL verb – in this case “drove.” EXAMPLE #2 The marine biologist, diving near a reef, saw a shark. “diving” is the participle “near a reef ” is the modifier This phrase describes the biologist. Subject and real verb: biologist saw EXAMPLE #3 Known for her patience, Mrs. Garcia was his favorite teacher. – “known” is the participle – “for her patience” is the modifier – This phrase describes Mrs. Garcia. • Subject and REAL verb: Mrs. Garcia was PARTICIPLES & PARTICIPIAL PHRASES • Twirling their canes, the dancers tapped across the stage. • She heard me sighing loudly. • A peeled and sliced cucumber can be added to a garden salad. PRACTICE… 1. The bike had a broken spoke. 2. Her smiling face made everyone happy. 3. The frightened child was crying loudly. 4. The people were frightened by the growling dog. 5. The squeaking wheel needs some grease. PRACTICE… 6. Running slowly, the man finished the race. 7. The boy, crying his head off, finally did his work. 8. The teacher, retiring at a young age, could now travel widely. 9. Tripping over the cords, the man fell on his face. What’s wrong with these? 11. I saw my birthday gift peeking through the window. 12. Tripping over the cords, the computer fell off the table. These are called Dangling Participles - and they are WRONG. Avoid them at all costs and don’t let your participles dangle in public!
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