• A verb form that is used as an
– PAST or PRESENT
– End in –ing, -d, -ed, –en, -t
• Participles can be found at the beginning,
middle, or end of a sentence, but they
MUST BE relatively close to the noun or
pronoun they modify.
• Participles are ONE WORD.
• Participial phrases consist of that ONE
WORD plus modifiers.
STEPS to finding the
participle or participial phrase
1. Find the subject.
2. Find the real verb.
3. Look for other words that look like verbs
(word endings are the clue).
The pouring rain drove us inside for the party.
– “Pouring” is the participle
– It describes rain.
• Avoid getting the participle confused with
the REAL verb – in this case “drove.”
The marine biologist, diving near a reef, saw
“diving” is the participle
“near a reef ” is the modifier
This phrase describes the biologist.
Subject and real verb: biologist saw
Known for her patience, Mrs. Garcia was his
– “known” is the participle
– “for her patience” is the modifier
– This phrase describes Mrs. Garcia.
• Subject and REAL verb: Mrs. Garcia was
• Twirling their canes, the dancers
tapped across the stage.
• She heard me sighing loudly.
• A peeled and sliced cucumber can be
added to a garden salad.
1. The bike had a broken spoke.
2. Her smiling face made everyone happy.
3. The frightened child was crying loudly.
4. The people were frightened by the growling dog.
5. The squeaking wheel needs some grease.
6. Running slowly, the man finished the race.
7. The boy, crying his head off, finally did his
8. The teacher, retiring at a young age, could
now travel widely.
9. Tripping over the cords, the man fell on his
What’s wrong with these?
11. I saw my birthday gift peeking through the window.
12. Tripping over the cords, the computer fell off the table.
These are called Dangling Participles - and
they are WRONG. Avoid them at all costs
and don’t let your participles dangle in public!