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Participles and Participial Phrases

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					        PARTICIPLES &
     PARTICIPIAL PHRASES

• A verb form that is used as an
  ADJECTIVE.
  – PAST or PRESENT
  – End in –ing, -d, -ed, –en, -t
         PARTICIPLES &
      PARTICIPIAL PHRASES
• Participles can be found at the beginning,
  middle, or end of a sentence, but they
  MUST BE relatively close to the noun or
  pronoun they modify.
• Participles are ONE WORD.
• Participial phrases consist of that ONE
  WORD plus modifiers.
       PARTICIPLES &
    PARTICIPIAL PHRASES
           STEPS to finding the
      participle or participial phrase

1. Find the subject.
2. Find the real verb.
3. Look for other words that look like verbs
  (word endings are the clue).
             EXAMPLE #1
The pouring rain drove us inside for the party.

  – “Pouring” is the participle
  – It describes rain.

     • Avoid getting the participle confused with
       the REAL verb – in this case “drove.”
              EXAMPLE #2
The marine biologist, diving near a reef, saw
 a shark.

  “diving” is the participle
  “near a reef ” is the modifier
  This phrase describes the biologist.

  Subject and real verb: biologist saw
              EXAMPLE #3
Known for her patience, Mrs. Garcia was his
 favorite teacher.

  – “known” is the participle
  – “for her patience” is the modifier
  – This phrase describes Mrs. Garcia.

     • Subject and REAL verb: Mrs. Garcia was
         PARTICIPLES &
      PARTICIPIAL PHRASES
• Twirling their canes, the dancers
  tapped across the stage.

• She heard me sighing loudly.

• A peeled and sliced cucumber can be
  added to a garden salad.
               PRACTICE…
1. The bike had a broken spoke.
2. Her smiling face made everyone happy.
3. The frightened child was crying loudly.
4. The people were frightened by the growling dog.
5. The squeaking wheel needs some grease.
               PRACTICE…

6. Running slowly, the man finished the race.
7. The boy, crying his head off, finally did his
   work.
8. The teacher, retiring at a young age, could
   now travel widely.
9. Tripping over the cords, the man fell on his
   face.
            What’s wrong with these?
11. I saw my birthday gift peeking through the window.

12. Tripping over the cords, the computer fell off the table.



These are called Dangling Participles - and
  they are WRONG. Avoid them at all costs
  and don’t let your participles dangle in public!

				
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posted:6/4/2012
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