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Mexican War

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					      Mexican War

Taylor Linus, Gabby Ferruzzi, and
          Anna Trentini
        Setting the Scene
• Migration into western territory
• What type of empire did the Americans dream
  of?
• John L. O’Sullivan:
   • Manifest destiny
• No other nation should keep the US from
  fulfilling its destiny
    •United States southwestern
Historical events of the Mexican War
     Battlegrounds of May 1846
      Annexation of Texas
• 1836-US won
  independence from
  Mexico
• Voted to be annexed
  from the US
    • Southerners and
      Democrats
      supported
    • Northerners and
      Whigs opposed
   Annexation of Texas
• Lead to war with Mexico.
   –Mexican leader Santa Anna warned
    them about war
   –President John Tyler signed a treaty of
    annexation with Texas in April 1844
      »James K. Polk became president
      »Texas became the 28th state of the
       Union
War with Mexico
         • Mexico started war
         • The US claimed
           Rio Grande was
           the official
           American-Mexican
           border
         • Mexico claimed the
           Nueces River was
           the border
         • Polk tried to avoid
           war
         War with Mexico
• Polk sent more than 3,000 American troops to
  southern Texas
• The Mexican troops had a skirmish with the
  American troops in late 1846.
   • Americans were killed
   • Declaration of war
   • An American expedition
      –Captain John C. Fremont
               Bear Flag Revolt
                        •Surprise attack
• First bear flag
                        •Republic of California
                        •Stephen Kearny and
                        troops crossed into
                        New Mexico
                        •Marched to California
                        •United States took
                        control of New Mexico
                        and California
         Fighting in Mexico
•General Taylor
•Battle of Buena Vista
•Taylor’s army won
•Santa Anna returned to
Mexico
•Scott captured city of
Veracruz
•Scott defeated Santa Anna’s
forces ending war
  Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
• Reflected Mexico’s weak
  bargaining position
   1. Mexico gave up claim to
    Texas
   2. Mexico gave New Mexico
    and California
   3. United States paid Mexico
    $15 million
   4. US agreed to pay claims
    made by Mexico
   Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
• Gadsden Purchase-1853:
• Mexican government sold 30,000 square feet to
  US
• Provided a route for the southern
  transcontinental railroad
• established the boundaries of the continental
  United States
• North American Invasion
• Left Mexicans mad at the United States
• western migration
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HjUEBDO
  OSDM&playnext=1&list=PLC40969F2F3DC8A9
  A

				
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