Citroen ZX Suspension and steering by DanMarius1

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									                                                                                                                                               10•1




Chapter 10 Suspension and steering
Contents
Front hub bearings - renewal                                            3    Rear axle assembly - removal and refitting                         17
Front swivel hub assembly - removal and refitting                       2    Rear hub assembly - removal and refitting                          11
Front suspension and steering check                       See Chapter 1      Rear hub bearings - renewal                                        12
Front suspension anti-roll bar - removal and refitting                  8    Rear shock absorber - removal, testing and refitting               13
Front suspension anti-roll bar connecting link - removal and refitting 9     Rear suspension anti-roll bar - removal and refitting              16
Front suspension lower arm balljoint - removal and refitting            7    Rear suspension torsion bar - removal and refitting                14
Front suspension lower arm - removal, overhaul and refitting            6    Rear suspension trailing arm - removal and refitting               15
Front suspension strut - overhaul                                       5    Steering column - removal, inspection and refitting                20
Front suspension strut - removal and refitting                          4    Steering gear assembly - removal, overhaul and refitting           22
Front suspension subframe - removal and refitting                      10    Steering gear rubber gaiters - renewal                             23
General information                                                     1    Steering wheel - removal and refitting                             19
Ignition switch/steering column lock - removal and refitting           21    Track rod - removal and refitting                                  27
Power steering pump - removal and refitting                            25    Track rod balljoint - removal and refitting                        26
Power steering pump drivebelt check,                                         Vehicle ride height - checking and adjustment                      18
  adjustment and renewal                                  See Chapter 1      Wheel alignment and steering angles - general information          28
Power steering fluid level check                          See Chapter 1      Wheel and tyre maintenance and tyre pressure
Power steering system - bleeding                                       24      checks                                                 See Chapter 1

Degrees of difficulty
 Easy, suitable for            Fairly easy, suitable         Fairly difficult, suitable         Difficult, suitable for   Very difficult,
 novice with little            for beginner with             for competent DIY                  experienced DIY           suitable for expert DIY
 experience                    some experience               mechanic                           mechanic                  or professional


Specifications
Front suspension
Front ride height - fully-laden*:
  1124 cc and 1360 cc models                                                   177   ±    10   mm
  1580 cc and 1761 cc models                                                   185   ±    10   mm
  1905 cc and 1998 cc 8-valve models                                           167   ±    10   mm
  1998 cc 16-valve models                                                      165   ±    10   mm
* Fully-laden - 4 occupants and 40 kg of luggage in the vehicle
Rear suspension
Rear ride height - fully-laden*:
  1124 cc and 1360 cc models                                                   201 ± 10 mm
  1580 cc models:
    Three-door models                                                          189   ± 10      mm
     Five-door models                                                          209   ±10       mm
  1761 cc models                                                               189   ± 10      mm
  1905 cc and 1998 cc 8-valve models                                           200   ± 10      mm
  1998 cc 16-valve models                                                      199   ± 10      mm
* Fully-laden - 4 occupants and 40 kg of luggage in the vehicle

Steering
Power steering fluid type                         .                            Dexron type II ATF
Tyres
Tyre size                                 ..                              165/70 R 13, 175/65 R 14, 185/60 R 14 or 195/55 R 15 (depending
                                                                            on model)
Pressures - (tyres cold):                                                   Front                                Rear
  165/70 R 13 tyres                                                         2.2 bar (32 psi)                     2.2 bar (32 psi)
  175/65 R 14 tyres                                                         2.1 bar (30 psi)                     2.1 bar (30 psi)
  185/60 R 14 tyres*                                                        2.2 bar (32 psi)                     2.2 bar (32 psi)
  195/55 R 15 tyres*                                                        2.2 bar (32 psi)                     2.3 bar (33 psi)
Note: Pressures apply only to original-equipment tyres, and may vary if any other make or type is fitted; check with the tyre manufacturer or
supplier for correct pressures if necessary.
* Models with these tyres have a "space-saver" spare wheel fitted with a smaller tyre. The smaller spare tyre should run at 2.4 bars (35 psi), noting
the vehicle should not be driven at speeds exceeding 100 mph (160 km/h) whilst the spare wheel is fitted.
10•2 Suspension and steering

Roadwheels
Type                                                                Pressed-steel or aluminium alloy (depending on model)
Size                                                                5B x 13, 5J x 13, 5.5J x 14 or 6J x 15 (depending on model)
Maximum run-out at rim                                              1.2 mm
Maximum eccentricity on tyre bead locating surface                  0.8 mm


Wheel alignment and steering angles
Front wheel camber angle:
   Unladen                                                          0° 30' ± 40'
   Fully-laden*                                                     0° ± 40'
Castor angle
   Unladen:
     Manual steering                                                0° 30' ± 40'
     Power-assisted steering                                        2° ± 40'
   Fully-laden*:
     Manual steering                                                1 ° 30' ± 40'
     Power-assisted steering                                         3° ± 40'
Steering axis inclination/kingpin inclination                        10° 45' ± 40'
Front wheel toe setting:
   Unladen
     Manual steering                                                0 to 2 mm (toe-out)
     Power-assisted steering                                        -2.5 to -4.5 mm (toe-in)
   Fully-laden*:
     Manual steering                                                1 to 3 mm (toe-out)
     Power-assisted steering                                         -1 to -3 mm (toe-in)
Rear wheel camber setting                                           -1 ° ± 40'
Rear wheel toe setting:
   Unladen                                                          -2 to 2 mm (toe-in/toe-out)
   Fully-laden*                                                     -2.5 to -6.0 mm (toe-in)
* Fully-laden - 4 occupants and 40 kg of luggage in the vehicle


Torque wrench settings                                              Nm                                 lbf ft
Front suspension
Strut-to-swivel hub bolt                                            55                                 41
Strut upper mounting bolts                                          20                                 15
Strut upper mounting retaining nut                                  45                                 33
Lower arm balljoint clamp bolt                                      40                                 30
Lower arm balljoint retaining nuts                                  45                                 33
Lower arm front pivot bolt                                          60                                 44
Lower arm rear pivot bush mounting bolts:
  8 mm bolt                                                         27                                 20
   10 mm bolt                                                       55                                 41
Anti-roll bar (models with anti-roll bar connected to lower arm):
   Mounting clamp bolts                                             55                                 41
   Bar-to-connecting link nuts                                      30                                 22
   Connecting link-to-bracket bolt                                  40                                 30
   Bracket-to-lower arm bolts                                       20                                 15
Anti-roll bar (models with anti-roll bar connected to strut):
   Mounting clamp bolts                                             55                                 41
   Connecting link nuts                                             40                                 30
Subframe mounting bolts                                             84                                 62
Rear suspension
Shock absorber upper mounting bolt                                  75                                 55
Shock absorber lower mounting bolt                                  120                                89
Rear hub nut:
  Models with rear drum brakes                                      200                                148
  Models with rear disc brakes                                      180                                133
Torsion bar Torx retaining screw                                    20                                 15
Anti-roll bar retaining bracket bolt                                35                                 26
Brake backplate bolts (drum brakes only)                            37                                 27
Rear axle mountings:
  Front mounting-to-body nuts                                       55                                 41
  Front mounting-to-crossmember bolts                               70                                 52
  Rear mounting nuts                                                45                                 33
                                                                                                                   Suspension and steering 10•3

Torque wrench settings (continued)                                                   Nm                      lbf                 ft
Steering
Track rod balljoint-to-swivel hub nut                                                35                                     26
Track rod-to-steering rack                                                           50                                     37
Steering gear mounting bolts                                                         40                                     30
Steering wheel nut                                                                   35                                     26
Steering column mounting nuts                                                        17                                     13
Universal joint clamp bolt                                                           25                                     18
Power-assisted steering gear fluid unions:
  Feed pipe                                                                          25                                     18
  Return pipe                                                                        20                                     15
Roadwheels
Wheel bolts                                                                          90                                     66

                                                         onto the subframe, and is either connected to         movement of the rear axle assembly has the
                                                         both lower suspension arms or directly to the         effect of actually turning the rear wheels
 1 General information                                   front suspension struts, depending on the             slightly, to help steer the vehicle in the
                                                         model (see illustration).                             required direction. This improves the handling
  The independent front suspension is of the                The rear suspension is of the independent          of the vehicle when cornering at extreme
MacPherson strut type, incorporating coil                trailing arm type, which consists of two trailing     speeds.
springs and integral telescopic shock                    arms, linked by a tubular crossmember.                    The steering column has a universal joint
absorbers. The MacPherson struts are                     Torsion bars linking the trailing arms are            fitted in the centre of its length, which is
located by transverse lower suspension arms,             situated in front of and behind the                   connected to an intermediate shaft having a
which utilise rubber inner mounting bushes,              crossmember, and an anti-roll bar linking the         second universal joint at its lower end. The
and incorporate a balljoint at the outer ends.           arms passes through the centre of the                 lower universal joint is clamped to the steering
The front swivel hubs, which carry the wheel             crossmember (see illustration).                       gear pinion by means of a clamp bolt (see
bearings, brake calipers and the hub/disc                   The complete rear axle assembly is                 illustration).
assemblies, are bolted to the MacPherson                 mounted onto the vehicle underbody by four                The steering gear is mounted onto the front
struts, and connected to the lower arms via              "self-steering" rubber mountings. These               subframe, and is connected by two track
the balljoints. A front anti-roll bar is fitted to all   mountings are designed to move slightly               rods, with balljoints at their outer ends, to the
models. The anti-roll bar is rubber-mounted              under extreme cornering forces. This                  steering arms projecting rearwards from the




 1.1 Cross-sectional view of the front suspension                            1.2 Cross-sectional view of the rear suspension components
                  components
10•4 Suspension and steering




                                                                                                     2.6 Slacken and remove the bolt securing
                                                                                                     the wiring retaining bracket to the swivel
                                                                                                                        hub
                                                                                                     Chapter 9. If not, unscrew the two bolts
                                                                                                     securing the brake caliper assembly to the
                                                                                                     swivel hub, and slide the caliper assembly off
                                                                                                     the disc. Using a piece of wire or string, tie the
                                                                                                     caliper to the front suspension coil spring, to
                                                                                                     avoid placing any strain on the hydraulic
                                                                                                     brake hose. Discard the caliper mounting
                                                                                                     bolts - they must be renewed whenever they
                                                                                                     are disturbed.
      1.4 Cross-sectional view of the steering column and associated components
                                                                                                     6 Slacken and remove the bolt securing the
                                                                                                     wiring retaining bracket to the top of the
swivel hubs. The track rod ends are threaded,      3 On all 1580 cc and larger-engined models,       swivel hub (see illustration).
to facilitate adjustment.                          withdraw the R-clip, and remove the locking       7 On models with ABS, remove the wheel
   Power-assisted steering is fitted as            cap from the driveshaft retaining nut.            sensor as described in Chapter 9.
standard on some models, and is available as       4 Refit at least two roadwheel bolts to the       8 On all models, slacken and remove the nut
an option on all others. The hydraulic steering    front hub, and tighten them securely. Have an     securing the steering gear track rod balljoint
system is powered by a belt-driven pump,           assistant firmly depress the brake pedal, to      to the swivel hub, and release the balljoint
which is driven off the crankshaft pulley.         prevent the front hub from rotating, then using   tapered shank using a universal balljoint
                                                   a socket and extension bar, slacken and           separator.
 2 Front swivel hub assembly -                     remove the driveshaft retaining nut.              9 Slacken and remove the three nuts
   removal and refitting                                                                             securing the balljoint to the lower suspension
                                                               A tool to prevent the hub
                                                               rotating can be fabricated            arm, then withdraw the bolts and free the
                                                               from two lengths of steel strip       balljoint from the arm (see illustration).
Removal                                                        (one long, one short) and a nut       10 Undo the nut and withdraw the swivel
1 Chock the rear wheels, then firmly apply the      and bolt; the nut and bolt forming the           hub-to-suspension strut clamp bolt, noting
handbrake. Jack up the front of the vehicle,        pivot of a forked tool. Bolt the tool to the     which way around it is fitted.
and support it on axle stands. Remove the           hub using two wheel bolts, and hold the          11 Free the swivel hub assembly from the
appropriate front roadwheel.                        tool to prevent the hub from rotating as         end of the strut, then release it from the outer
2 On 1124 cc and 1360 cc models, using a            the driveshaft nut is undone (see                constant velocity joint splines, and remove it
hammer and a chisel-nosed tool, tap up the          Chapters, Section 2).                            from the vehicle. If the swivel hub is a tight fit
staking securing the driveshaft retaining nut in                                                     on the strut, use a large flat-bladed
position. Note that a new retaining must be        5 If the hub bearings are to be disturbed,        screwdriver to carefully open up the clamp a
used on refitting.                                 remove the brake disc as described in             little (see illustration).




                                                    2.11 Removing the swivel hub assembly.            2.14 On refitting, ensure the swivel hub
2.9 Undo the three lower suspension arm            Note the use of the screwdriver to open up        clamp is aligned with the lug (arrowed) on
         balljoint retaining nuts                                the hub clamp                       the strut prior to inserting the clamp bolt
                                                                                                             Suspension and steering 10•5

 Refitting                                            22 On 1580 cc and larger-engined models,           circlip, ensuring that it is correctly located in
                                                      engage the locking cap with the driveshaft nut     the groove in the swivel hub.
   12 Note that all Nyloc nuts disturbed on
                                                      so that one of its cut-outs is aligned with the    9 Securely support the outer face of the hub
   removal must be renewed as a matter of
                                                      driveshaft hole. Secure the cap with the R-        flange, and locate the swivel hub bearing
   course. These nuts have threads which are
                                                      clip.                                              inner race over the end of the hub flange.
   pre-coated with locking compound (this is
                                                      23 Refit the roadwheel, then lower the             Press the bearing onto the hub, using a
   only effective once), and include the track rod
                                                      vehicle to the ground and tighten the              tubular spacer which bears only on the inner
   balljoint nut, lower suspension arm balljoint
                                                      roadwheel bolts to the specified torque.           race of the hub bearing, until it seats against
   nuts, and the swivel hub clamp bolt nut.
                                                                                                         the hub shoulder. Check that the hub flange
   13 Ensure the driveshaft outer constant
                                                                                                         rotates freely, and wipe off any excess oil or
  velocity joint and hub splines are clean, then
                                                                                                         grease.
  slide the hub fully onto the driveshaft splines.
  14 Slide the hub assembly fully onto the             3 Front hub bearings - renewal                    10 Refit the swivel hub assembly as
                                                                                                         described in Section 2.
  suspension strut, aligning the split in the hub
  clamp with the lug on the base of the strut.
  Insert the swivel hub-to-suspension strut           Note: The bearing is a sealed, pre-adjusted
  clamp bolt from the front side of the strut,        and pre-lubricated, double-row roller type,         4 Front suspension strut -
  then fit a new nut to the clamp bolt, and           and is intended to last the car's entire service      removal and refitting
  tighten it to the specified torque (see             life without maintenance or attention. Never
  illustration).                                      overtighten the driveshaft nut beyond the
  15 Align the balljoint with the lower arm, and      specified torque wrench setting in an attempt      Removal
  fit the three retaining bolts. Fit new retaining    to "adjust" the bearing.                           1 Chock the rear wheels, apply the
  nuts to the bolts, and tighten them to the                                                             handbrake, then jack up the front of the
 specified torque.                                    Note: A press will be required to dismantle        vehicle and support on axle stands. Remove
  16 Engage the track rod balljoint in the swivel     and rebuild the assembly; if such a tool is not    the appropriate roadwheel.
 hub, then fit a new retaining nut and tighten it     available, a large bench vice and spacers          2 Unscrew the two bolts securing the brake
 to the specified torque.                             (such as large sockets) will serve as an           caliper to the swivel hub, and discard them;
 17 Where necessary, refit the brake disc to          adequate substitute. The bearing's inner races     new bolts must be used on refitting. Slacken
 the hub, referring to Chapter 9 for further          are an interference fit on the hub; if the inner   and remove the bolt securing the wiring
 information. If the threads of the new caliper       race remains on the hub when it is pressed         retaining bracket to the swivel hub, then slide
 mounting bolts are not already pre-coated            out of the hub carrier, a knife-edged bearing      the caliper assembly off the disc. Using a
 with locking compound, apply a suitable              puller will be required to remove it.              piece of wire or string, tie the caliper to the
 locking compound to them. Slide the caliper                                                             front suspension lower arm, to avoid placing
 assembly into position over the disc, then fit                                                          any strain on the hydraulic brake hose.
                                                      1 Remove the swivel hub assembly as
 the mounting bolts and tighten them to the                                                              3 On models where the anti-roll bar is
                                                      described in Section 2.
 specified torque (see Chapter 9).                                                                       connected to the suspension strut body, undo
                                                      2 Support the swivel hub securely on blocks
 18 Where necessary, refit the ABS wheel                                                                 the nut and washer securing the connecting
                                                      or in a vice. Using a tubular spacer which
sensor as described in Chapter 9.                                                                        link to the strut, and position the link clear of
                                                      bears only on the inner end of the hub flange,
 19 Refit the wiring retaining bracket to the         press the hub flange out of the bearing. If the    the strut (see illustration). Discard the nut - a
top of the swivel hub, and tighten its retaining      bearing's outboard inner race remains on the       new one must be used on refitting.
bolt securely.                                        hub, remove it using a bearing puller (see note    4 Undo the nut and withdraw the swivel hub-
20 Lubricate the inner face and threads of            above).                                            to-suspension strut clamp bolt, noting which
the driveshaft retaining nut with clean engine                                                           way around it is fitted. Discard the nut - a new
                                                      3 Extract the bearing retaining circlip from the
oil, and refit it to the end of the driveshaft. Use                                                      one must be used on refitting.
                                                      inner end of the swivel hub assembly (see
the method employed on removal to prevent                                                                5 Slacken and remove the two suspension
                                                      illustration).
the hub from rotating, and tighten the                                                                   strut upper mounting bolts.
driveshaft retaining nut to the specified torque      4 Where necessary, refit the inner race back
                                                      in position over the ball cage, and securely       6 Release the strut from the swivel hub, and
(see Chapter 8). Check that the hub rotates                                                              withdraw it from under the wheel arch. If the
freely.                                               support the inner face of the swivel hub.
                                                      Using a tubular spacer which bears only on
21 On 1124 cc and 1360 cc models, stake
                                                      the inner race, press the complete bearing
the nut firmly into the driveshaft grooves using
                                                      assembly out of the swivel hub.
a hammer and punch.
                                                      5 Thoroughly clean the hub and swivel hub,
                                                      removing all traces of dirt and grease, and
                                                      polish away any burrs or raised edges which
                                                      might hinder reassembly. Check both for
                                                      cracks or any other signs of wear or damage,
                                                      and renew them if necessary. Renew the
                                                      circlip, regardless of its apparent condition.
                                                      6 On reassembly, apply a light film of oil to
                                                      the bearing outer race and hub flange shaft, to
                                                      aid installation of the bearing.
                                                      7 Securely support the swivel hub, and locate
                                                      the bearing in the hub. Press the bearing fully
                                                      into position, ensuring that it enters the hub
                                                      squarely, using a tubular spacer which bears
                                                      only on the bearing outer race.                    4.3 Where the anti-roll bar is linked to the
  3.3 Front hub bearing retaining circlip             8 Once the bearing is correctly seated,             strut, undo the retaining nut and free the
                                                      secure the bearing in position with the new            connecting link from the strut body
10•6 Suspension and steering




      Removing the front suspension strut             4.8 Tighten the suspension strut upper             5.9a Ensure all components are clean and
                                                      mounting bolts to the specified torque.            dry, then slide the rubber damper stop . . .
                                                         Note upper mounting locating pin
swivel hub is a tight fit on the strut, carefully                    (arrowed)                           dismantled, examine all the components for
open up the clamp a little using a large flat-                                                           wear, damage or deformation, and check the
bladed screwdriver (see illustration).                                                                   bearing for smoothness of operation. Renew
                                                                                                         any of the components as necessary.
Refitting                                            5 Front suspension strut -                          6 Examine the strut for signs of fluid leakage.
7 Manoeuvre the strut assembly into position,          overhaul                                          Check the strut piston for signs of pitting
ensuring that the top mounting plate locating                                                            along its entire length, and check the strut
                                                              Warning: Before attempting to              body for signs of damage. While holding it in
pin is correctly located in its hole. Engage the
                                                              dismantle the front suspension             an upright position, test the operation of the
lower end of the strut with the swivel hub,
                                                              strut, a suitable tool to hold the         strut by moving the piston through a full
aligning the split in the hub clamp with the lug
                                                    coil spring in compression must be                   stroke, and then through short strokes of 50
on the base of the strut.                           obtained. Adjustable coil spring
8 Insert the two strut upper mounting bolts,                                                             to 100 mm. In both cases, the resistance felt
                                                    compressors are readily-available, and are           should be smooth and continuous. If the
and tighten them to the specified torque (see       recommended for this operation. Any
illustration).                                                                                           resistance is jerky, or uneven, or if there is any
                                                    attempt to dismantle the strut without
                                                                                                         visible sign of wear or damage to the strut,
9 Insert the swivel hub-to-suspension strut         such a tool is likely to result in damage or
                                                                                                         renewal is necessary.
clamp bolt from the front side of the strut. Fit    personal injury.
                                                                                                         7 If any doubt exists about the condition of
a new nut to the clamp bolt, and tighten it to
                                                                                                         the coil spring, carefully remove the spring
the specified torque.
                                                    1 With the strut removed from the car as             compressors, and check the spring for
10 Where necessary, refit the anti-roll bar
                                                    described in Section 4, clean away all external      distortion and signs of cracking. Renew the
connecting link to the strut. Fit a new nut to                                                           spring if it is damaged or distorted, or if there
                                                    dirt, then mount it upright in a vice.
the connecting link, and tighten it to the                                                               is any doubt as to its condition.
                                                    2 Fit the spring compressor, and compress
specified torque.                                   the coil spring until all tension is relieved from   8 Inspect all other components for signs of
11 Slide the brake caliper into position over       the upper mounting plate.                            damage or deterioration, and renew any that
the disc. If the threads of the new caliper         3 Remove the rubber cap, then slacken the            are suspect.
mounting bolts are not already pre-coated           upper mounting retaining nut whilst retaining        9 To reassemble the strut, follow the
with locking compound, apply a suitable             the strut piston with an Allen key.                  accompanying photos, beginning with
locking compound to them. Install the bolts         4 Remove the nut and washer, then lift off the       illustration 5.9a. Be sure to stay in order, and
and tighten them to the specified torque (see       collar, mounting plate, bearing, upper spring        carefully read the caption underneath each
Chapter 9).                                         seat and flat washer. Remove the coil spring,        (see illustrations).
12 Refit the roadwheel, then lower the              then slide off the damper piston dust cover          10 Refit the rubber cap to the top of the strut
vehicle to the ground and tighten the               and rubber damper stop.                              piston, then refit the strut to the vehicle as
roadwheel bolts to the specified torque.            5 With the strut assembly now completely             described in Section 4.




 5.9b . . . and dust cover into position on           5.9c Refit the coil spring, ensuring the            5.9d Fit the flat washer to the top of the
                  the strut                          spring end is correctly located against its                       strut piston . . .
                                                          stop on the lower seat (arrowed)
                                                                                                        Suspension and steering 10•7




 5.9e . . . then locate the upper spring seat        5.9f Refit the bearing to the upper spring
 on the spring, ensuring that the spring seat        seat, ensuring that it is fitted the correct     5.9g Locate the upper mounting plate on
 stop (arrowed) is correctly located against                         way around                                 the spring s e a t . . .
                 the spring end


  6 Front suspension lower arm -
    removal, overhaul and refitting

 Removal
  1 Chock the rear wheels, firmly apply the
  handbrake, then jack up the front of the
  vehicle and support on axle stands. Remove
  the appropriate front roadwheel.
  2 On models where the anti-roll bar is
  mounted onto the lower suspension arm,
  slacken and remove the two nuts securing the                                                      5.9i Refit the washer and upper mounting
  mounting bracket to the lower arm, then               5.9h . . . and refit the collar to the       retaining nut, and tighten the nut to the
  withdraw then retaining bolts and free the                       mounting plate                                 specified torque
 bracket from the arm. Discard the nuts - new
 ones must be used on refitting.
 3 Slacken and remove the nut, then withdraw
 the lower arm balljoint clamp bolt from the
 swivel hub (see illustration). Discard the nut -
 a new one must be used on refitting.
 4 Lever the arm downwards to release the
 balljoint from the swivel hub, and remove the
 protector plate which is fitted to the balljoint
 shank (see illustration).
 5 Slacken and remove the lower arm front
 pivot bolt and nut, then undo the two bolts
 securing the rear mounting bush to the
subframe (the larger of which is also the anti-
roll bar mounting clamp bolt), and recover the       5.9j Ensure that the spring ends are still     5.9k With the compressors removed, push
nut from the top of the subframe. Manoeuvre          correctly located against the seat stops,       the rubber bump stop and gaiter upwards
the lower arm assembly out from underneath          then release the spring compressors and           until they are correctly seated inside the
the vehicle (see illustrations).                           remove them from the strut                           upper mounting plate




                                                    6.4 Release the balljoint from the swivel
6.3 Removing the lower suspension arm               hub, and remove the protector plate from           6.5a Slacken and remove the lower
         balljoint clamp bolt                                  the balljoint shank                     suspension arm front pivot b o l t . . .
10•8 Suspension and steering




                                                                                                       6.12 With the vehicle resting on its wheels,
 6.5b . . . and the two rear mounting bush           6.5c . . . then remove the lower arm from         tighten the lower arm front pivot bolt to the
      bolts (second bolt arrowed)...                                  the vehicle                                specified torque setting

Overhaul                                            11 Where necessary, align the anti-roll bar        bolts. Fit new nuts to the bolts, and tighten
6 Thoroughly clean the lower arm and the            mounting bracket with the lower arm, and           them to the specified torque.
area around the arm mountings, removing all         insert its retaining bolts. Fit new nuts to the    5 Carry out the operations described in
traces of dirt and underseal if necessary, then     bolts, and tighten them to the specified           paragraphs 10 to 12 of Section 6.
check carefully for cracks, distortion or any       torque.
other signs of wear or damage, paying               12 Refit the roadwheel, then lower the
                                                    vehicle and tighten the roadwheel bolts to the
                                                                                                         8 Front suspension anti-roll
particular attention to the pivot bushes, and
renew components as necessary.                      specified torque. Rock the vehicle to settle the       bar - removal and refitting
7 Check that the lower arm balljoint moves          disturbed components in position, then
freely, without any sign of roughness; check        tighten the lower arm front pivot bolt to the      Removal
also that the balljoint gaiter shows no sign of     specified torque (see illustration).                 1 Chock the rear wheels, firmly apply the
deterioration, and is free from cracks and                                                               handbrake, then jack up the front of the
splits. If renewal is necessary, slacken and         7 Front suspension lower arm                       vehicle and support on axle stands. Remove
remove its retaining bolts, and remove the                                                               both front roadwheels.
balljoint from the arm. Fit the new balljoint,
                                                       balljoint - removal and refitting
                                                                                                        2 On models where the anti-roll bar is
and insert its retaining bolts. Fit new retaining                                                       mounted onto the lower suspension arm,
nuts to the bolts, and tighten them to the          Removal                                             slacken and remove the two nuts and bolts
specified torque.                                                                                       securing the mounting bracket to the left-
                                                    1 Release the balljoint from the swivel hub as
8 Examine the shank of the pivot bolt for                                                               hand lower arm, then undo the nut securing
                                                    described in Section 6, paragraphs 1 to 4.
signs of wear or scoring, and renew if                                                                  the connecting link to the anti-roll bar, and
                                                    2 Slacken and remove the three nuts, then
necessary.                                                                                              remove the connecting link and bracket
                                                    withdraw the balljoint retaining bolts and
Refitting                                           remove the balljoint from the lower arm (see        assembly. Repeat the procedure on the right-
9 Manoeuvre the lower arm assembly into             illustrations). Discard the nuts - new ones         hand side.
position, and refit the front pivot bolt,           must be used on refitting.                          3 On models where the anti-roll bar is
tightening it finger-tight only. Refit the two      3 Check that the lower arm balljoint moves          connected to the suspension strut body, undo
rear pivot bush retaining bolts, and tighten        freely, without any sign of roughness. Check        the nut and washer securing the left-hand
both to their specified torque settings.            also that the balljoint gaiter shows no sign of     connecting link to the anti-roll bar, and
10 Refit the protector plate to the lower arm       deterioration, and is free from cracks and          position the link clear of the bar. Repeat the
balljoint, then locate the balljoint shank in the   splits. Renew worn or damaged components            procedure on the right-hand side.
swivel hub, ensuring that the lug on the            as necessary.                                      4 On models with power steering, using
protector plate is correctly located in the                                                             brake hose clamps, clamp both the supply
clamp split. Insert the balljoint clamp bolt,       Refitting                                           and return hoses near the power steering fluid
then fit the new retaining nut and tighten it to    4 Locate the balljoint in the end of the            reservoir. This will minimise fluid loss during
the specified torque.                               suspension arm, and insert the three retaining      subsequent operations. Mark the unions to
                                                                                                       ensure they are correctly positioned on
                                                                                                       reassembly, then unscrew the feed and return
                                                                                                       pipe union nuts from the steering gear
                                                                                                       assembly; be prepared for fluid spillage, and
                                                                                                       position a suitable container beneath the
                                                                                                       pipes whilst unscrewing the union nuts.
                                                                                                       Disconnect both pipes, and plug the pipe
                                                                                                       ends and steering gear orifices, to prevent
                                                                                                       excessive fluid leakage and the entry of dirt
                                                                                                       into the hydraulic system.
                                                                                                       5 On all models, using a hammer and punch,
                                                                                                       white paint or similar, mark the exact
                                                                                                       relationship between the steering intermediate
                                                                                                       shaft universal joint and the steering gear
                                                                                                       drive pinion. Slacken and remove the clamp
7.2a Remove the three retaining bolts . . .             7.2b . . . and remove the lower arm            bolt securing the joint to the pinion, and free
                                                                       balljoint                       the intermediate shaft from the steering gear.
                                                                                                                 Suspension and steering 10•9




  8.10 Slacken and remove the bolt and nut                 9.3a Anti-roll bar connecting link lower           9.3b . . . and upper retaining nut - models
    (arrowed) and remove the anti-roll bar                             retaining n u t . . .                    with the anti-roll bar connected to the
               mounting clamp
                                                                                                                          suspension strut body
   6 Slacken and remove the nut securing the            tighten the mounting clamp retaining bolts to        connected to the strut, slacken and remove
   left-hand steering gear track rod balljoint to       the specified torque.                                the upper and lower connecting link retaining
   the swivel hub, and release the balljoint            15 The remainder of the refitting is a reversal      nuts and washers, and remove the link from
   tapered shank using a universal balljoint            of the removal procedure, noting the following       the vehicle (see illustrations).
   separator. Repeat the procedure on the right-        points:
   hand side.                                                                                                4 Examine the connecting link for signs of
                                                        (a) All Nyloc nuts disturbed on removal must         damage, paying particular attention to the
   7 On 1580 cc and larger-engined models with               be renewed as a matter of course. These         mounting bushes or balljoints (as applicable),
   manual transmission,           using a large              nuts have threads which are pre-coated          and renew if necessary. It is not possible to
   screwdriver, carefully lever the three                    with locking compound (this is only             renew the bushes or balljoints separately.
   gearchange linkage link rods off their                    effective once), and include the track rod      Note that the connecting link retaining nuts
   balljoints on the transmission unit.                      balljoint nuts, connecting link nuts, engine    must be renewed as a matter of course.
  8 Slacken and remove the engine/trans-                     mounting bolt nut, and the intermediate
  mission rear mounting through-bolt and nut.                shaft clamp bolt nut. The intermediate          Refitting
  9 Slacken and remove the four front                       shaft clamp bolt nut is retained by a metal      5 Refitting is a reversal of the removal
  subframe mounting bolts which are situated                 cage; release the cage retaining tangs,         procedure, using new retaining nuts and
  at the rear of the subframe. Loosen the two                then remove the old nut from inside the         tightening them to the specified torque
  front subframe mounting bolts by a few turns,             cage and install the new one. Refit the          setting.
  until it is possible to lower the rear edge of the        cage to the shaft, and secure it in position
  subframe approximately 65 mm. Wedge a
                                                            with the retaining tangs.
  block of wood between the rear of the                                                                       10 Front suspension subframe -
                                                       (b) Tighten all nuts and bolts to the specified
 subframe and the vehicle underbody, to hold                                                                     removal and refitting
 the subframe in this position.                             torque settings (where given).
                                                       (c) Align the marks made on removal when
 10 Slacken the two anti-roll bar mounting                                                                  Removal
                                                            reconnecting the intermediate shaft to the
 clamp retaining bolts, and recover the nuts
                                                            steering gear splines.                            1 Chock the rear wheels, firmly apply the
 from the top of the clamps (see illustration).
                                                       (d) On models with power steering, bleed the          handbrake, then jack up the front of the
 Remove both clamps from the subframe.
                                                            hydraulic system as described in Sec-            vehicle and support it on axle stands. Remove
 11 Manoeuvre the anti-roll bar out from                                                                     both front roadwheels.
                                                            tion 24.
 underneath the vehicle, and remove the
                                                       (e) On completion check and, if necessary,            2 Remove the anti-roll bar connecting links as
 mounting bushes from the bar.
                                                            adjust the front wheel alignment as              described in Section 9.
12 Carefully examine the anti-roll bar
                                                            described in Section 28.                         3 Slacken       and     remove     the    rear
components for signs of wear, damage or
                                                                                                             engine/transmission through-bolt and nut,
deterioration, paying particular attention to
                                                                                                             then undo the nut and bolt securing the
the mounting            bushes.     Renew worn           9 Front suspension anti-roll bar
                                                                                                             mounting bracket to the subframe and
components as necessary.                                   connecting link -                                 remove the bracket.
                                                           removal and refitting                            4 Slacken and remove the three nuts, then
Refitting                                                                                                   withdraw the balljoint retaining bolts and
                                                       Removal                                              disengage the left-hand balljoint from the
 13 Fit the rubber mounting bushes to the                                                                   lower arm. Repeat the procedure on the right-
anti-roll bar, ensuring that the recess on the          1 Firmly apply the handbrake, then jack up          hand side.
inside of each bush engages with the lugs on           the front of the car and support it on axle          5 Slacken the steering gear mounting bolts,
the anti-roll bar. Rotate each bush so that its        stands.
                                                                                                            and recover the nuts. Withdraw the mounting
marking is aligned with the paint mark on the          2 On models where the anti-roll bar is               bolts, and recover the spacers from the
anti-roll bar.                                         connected to the lower suspension arms,              subframe apertures.
14 Offer up the anti-roll bar, and manoeuvre           slacken and remove the nut and bolt securing         6 On 1580 cc and larger-engined models with
it into position on the subframe. Refit the            the link to the lower arm bracket, then undo         manual transmission,         using a large
mounting clamps, ensuring that their ends are          the nut and washer securing the link to the          screwdriver, carefully lever the three
correctly located in the hooks on the                  anti-roll bar. Disengage the connecting link         gearchange linkage link rods off their
subframe, and refit the retaining bolts and            from the end of the anti-roll bar, and remove it     balljoints on the transmission unit. Slacken
nuts. Ensure that the bush markings are still          from the vehicle.                                    and remove the pivot bolt securing the
aligned with the paint marks on the bars, then         3 On models where the anti-roll bar is               selector rod to the gearchange lever.
10•10 Suspension and steering




  10.7 Power steering pipe-to-subframe                10.9a Front subframe left-hand rear                10.9b . . . and front mounting bolt
             retaining clip                               mounting bolts (arrowed)...

7 On models with power steering, undo the                                                           5 Using a puller, draw the hub assembly off
nut securing the steering gear pipe to its         11 Rear hub assembly -                           the stub axle, along with the outer bearing
mounting bracket on the subframe, and free            removal and refitting                         race (see illustration). With the hub removed,
both pipes from any subframe retaining clips                                                        use the puller to draw the inner bearing race
(see illustration).                                                                                 off the stub axle, then remove the hub spacer,
8 On right-hand-drive models, undo the nut        Rear drum brakes                                  noting which way around it is fitted.
securing the clutch cable retaining clip to the   1 On models with rear drum brakes, the rear       6 Refit the races to the hub bearing, and
subframe, and disengage the cable from its        hub is an integral part of the brake drum.        check the hub bearing for signs of roughness.
retaining clips on either side of the subframe.   Refer to Chapter 9 for drum removal and           It is recommended that the bearing should be
9 Slacken and remove the four rear front          refitting details.                                renewed as a matter of course, as it is likely to
subframe mounting bolts and the two front                                                           have been damaged during removal. This
mounting bolts, then carefully lower the                                                            means that the complete hub assembly must
subframe assembly out of position and             Rear disc brakes                                  be renewed, since it is not possible to obtain
remove it from underneath the vehicle (see                                                          the bearing separately.
                                                  Note: Do not remove the hub assembly unless
illustrations). On models with power steering,
                                                  it is absolutely necessary. A puller will be      7 With the hub removed, examine the stub
take great care to ensure the subframe
                                                  required to draw the hub assembly off the         axle shaft for signs of wear or damage, and if
assembly does not catch the power steering
                                                  stub axle, and the hub bearing will almost        necessary renew it. The stub axle is an
pipes as it is lowered out of position.
                                                  certainly be damaged by the removal               interference fit in the trailing arm, and can
Refitting                                         procedure.                                        either be tapped out of position, using a
10 Refitting is a reversal of the removal                                                           hammer and a soft-metal drift, or pushed out
                                                  Removal
procedure, noting the following points:                                                             using a heavy-duty bearing puller. When
(a) All Nyloc nuts disturbed on removal must      2 Remove the rear brake disc as described in      installing the new stub axle, align its splines
    be renewed as a matter of course. These       Chapter 9.                                        with those of the trailing arm, and drift or
    nuts have threads which are pre-coated        3 Using a hammer and a large flat-bladed          press it fully into position in the arm.
    with locking compound (this is only           screwdriver, carefully tap and prise the cap
    effective once), and include the              out of the centre of the hub. Discard the cap -
    connecting link nuts, lower arm balljoint     a new one must be used on refitting. Using a      Refitting
    nuts, engine mounting bolt nuts and           hammer and a chisel-nosed tool, tap up the        8 Lubricate the stub axle shaft with clean
    steering gear bolt nuts.                      staking securing the hub retaining nut to the     engine oil, then slide on the spacer, ensuring it
(b) Tighten all nuts and bolts to the specified   groove in the stub axle (see illustrations).      is fitted the correct way round.
    torque settings (where given).                4 Using a socket and long bar, slacken and        9 Fit the new bearing inner race, and tap it
(c) On completion check and, if necessary,        remove the rear hub nut, and withdraw the         fully onto the stub axle using a hammer and a
    adjust the front wheel alignment as           thrustwasher. Discard the hub nut - a new nut     tubular drift which bears only on the flat inside
    described in Section 28.                      must used on refitting.                           edge of the race.




   11.3a Tap off the hub centre cap . . .         11.3b . . . then tap up the rear hub staking           11.5 Use a puller to draw the hub
                                                     using a hammer and suitable punch                       assembly off the stub axle
                                                                                                         Suspension and steering 10•11




 11.11a Fit the thrustwasher and new hub               11.11b . . . and tighten the nut to the            11.11c Using a hammer and punch . . .
                   nut...                                          specified torque

10 Ensure that the bearing is packed with
grease, then slide the hub assembly onto the
stub axle. Fit the new outer bearing race, and
tap it into position using the tubular drift.
11 Fit the thrustwasher and new hub nut, and
tighten the hub nut to the specified torque.
Stake the nut firmly into the groove on the
stub axle to secure it in position, then tap the
new hub cap into place in the centre of the
hub (see illustrations).
12 Refit the rear brake disc as described in
Chapter 9.



 12 Rear hub bearings - renewal                    11.11d . . . stake the hub nut firmly into the           11.11e . . . then fit the new hub cap
                                                                stub axle groove . . .

Note: The bearing is intended to last the car's    The stub axle is an interference fit in the          complete rear hub assembly must be
entire service life without maintenance or         trailing arm, and can either be tapped out of        renewed. Refer to Section 11 for hub removal
attention. Never overtighten the hub nut           position, using a hammer and a soft-metal            and refitting procedures.
beyond the specified torque wrench setting, in     drift, or pushed out using a heavy-duty
an attempt to "adjust" the bearings.               bearing puller. When installing the new stub
                                                   axle, align its splines with those of the trailing
Rear drum brakes                                   arm, and drive or press it fully into position in     13 Rear shock absorber -
                                                   the arm.                                                 removal, testing and refitting
 1 Remove the rear brake drum as described
in Chapter 9.                                      7 On reassembly, apply a light film of clean
2 Using a flat-bladed screwdriver, lever the       engine oil to the bearing outer race, to aid         Removal
spacer out of the rear of the brake drum,          installation of the bearing.
                                                   8 Securely support the drum, and locate the          1 Chock the front wheels, then jack up the
noting which way around it is fitted.                                                                   rear of the vehicle and support it on axle
                                                   bearing in the hub. Press the bearing fully into
3 Using circlip pliers, extract the bearing                                                             stands. Remove the relevant rear roadwheel.
                                                   position, ensuring that it enters the hub
retaining circlip from the centre of the brake                                                          2 On some models, note that if the left-hand
                                                   squarely, using a tubular spacer which bears
drum.                                                                                                   shock absorber is to be removed, it will first
                                                   only on the bearing outer race.
4 Securely support the drum hub, then press                                                             be necessary to remove the exhaust tailpipe
                                                   9 Ensure the bearing is correctly seated
or drive the bearing out of position, using a                                                           and tailpipe heatshield, in order to allow the
                                                   against the hub shoulder, and secure it in
tubular drift which bears on the bearing inner                                                          shock absorber upper mounting bolt to be
                                                   position with the new circlip. Ensure that the
race.                                                                                                   withdrawn. If this is the case, refer to Chapter
                                                   circlip is correctly seated in its hub groove.
5 Thoroughly clean the hub, removing all           10 Fit the new spacer to the drum, ensuring it       4 for information on exhaust system removal.
traces of dirt and grease, and polish away any     is fitted the correct way around, and use a          3 Using a trolley jack, raise the trailing arm
burrs or raised edges which might hinder           tubular spacer to press it into squarely into        until the shock absorber is slightly
reassembly. Check the hub for cracks or any        position.                                            compressed.
other signs of wear or damage, and renew           11 Refit the brake drum as described in              4 Free the handbrake cable from its'retaining
them if necessary. The bearing and its circlip     Chapter 9.                                           clip on the bottom of the trailing arm. Slacken
must be renewed whenever they are                                                                       and remove the nuts and washers from both
disturbed. Note that a replacement bearing                                                              the upper and lower shock absorber mounting
kit, which consists of the bearing, circlip and    Rear disc brakes                                     bolts, and free the brake hose mounting
spacer, is available from Citroen dealers.         12 On models with rear disc brakes, it is not        bracket from the lower mounting bolt.
6 Examine the stub axle shaft for signs of         possible to renew the rear hub bearing               5 Withdraw the mounting bolts, noting which
wear or damage, and if necessary renew it.         separately. If the bearing is worn, the              way around they are fitted, and manoeuvre
10•12 Suspension and steering




13.5a Withdraw the shock absorber lower                13.5b . . . and the upper mounting bolt          13.5c . . . and remove the shock absorber
           mounting b o l t . . .                                    (arrowed)...                             from underneath the vehicle

the shock absorber out from underneath the           the complete unit if any damage or excessive      of the trailing arm, and the lower bolt from the
vehicle (see illustrations).                         wear is evident; the mounting bushes are not      outside.
                                                     available separately. Inspect the shanks of the   9 Refit the nuts and washers to the mounting
Testing                                              mounting bolts for signs of wear or damage,       bolts, not forgetting to refit the brake hose
6 Examine the shock absorber for signs of            and renew as necessary.                           bracket to the lower bolt, tightening them by
fluid leakage or damage. Test the operation of                                                         hand only at this stage. Clip the handbrake
the shock absorber, while holding it in an           Refitting                                         cable onto the trailing arm bracket.
upright position, by moving the piston through       7 Prior to refitting the shock absorber, mount    10 Refit the roadwheel, then lower the car to
a full stroke and then through short strokes of      it upright in the vice, and operate it fully      ground and tighten the roadwheel bolts to the
50 to 100 mm. In both cases, the resistance          through several strokes in order to prime it.     specified torque.
felt should be smooth and continuous. If the         Apply a smear of multi-purpose grease to          11 With the car standing on its wheels, rock
resistance is jerky, or uneven, or if there is any   both the shock absorber mounting bolts.           the car to settle the shock absorber in
visible sign of wear or damage, renewal is           8 Manoeuvre the shock absorber into               position, then tighten both the upper and
necessary. Also check the rubber mounting            position, and insert its mounting bolts; ensure   lower mounting bolts to their specified torque
bushes for damage and deterioration. Renew           that the upper bolt is inserted from the inside   settings.
                                                                                                       12 Where necessary, refit the heat shield and
                                                                                                       tailpipe as described in the relevant part of
                                                                                                       Chapter 4.

                                                                                                        14 Rear suspension torsion
                                                                                                           bar - removal and refitting

                                                                                                       Note: To ensure the trailing arm is correctly
                                                                                                       positioned prior to refitting the torsion bar, a
                                                                                                       special bracket is required. This bracket
                                                                                                       (special tool number 9501-T.G3) can be
                                                                                                       obtained from a Citroen dealer, or
                                                                                                       alternatively, a home-made substitute can be
                                                                                                       fabricated; the dimensions of the Citroen tool
                                                                                                       are shown in illustration 14.0. Note that the
                                                                                                       substitute bracket must be accurately
                                                                                                       fabricated to be of use.

                                                                                                       Removal
                                                                                                       1 Chock the front wheels, then jack up the
                                                                                                       rear of the vehicle and support it on axle
                                                                                                       stands. Remove both rear roadwheels, then
                                                                                                       proceed as described under the relevant sub-
                                                                                                       heading.
                                                                                                       Front torsion bar
                                                                                                       2 Remove the right-hand shock absorber as
                                                                                                       described in Section 13.
                                                                                                       3 With the trailing arm unsupported, measure
                                                                                                       the distance between the centres of the upper
                                                                                                       and lower shock absorber mounting bolt
                                                                                                       holes, on the side from which the shock
       Drill 14mm diameter hole                                                                        absorber has been removed, and note this
                                                                                                       down; this measurement will be needed on
                   14.0 Citroen trailing arm positioning bracket dimensions                            refitting.
                                                                                                          Suspension and steering 10•13




 14. 6 Using a slide-hammer to withdraw a             14. 10 Using a jacking bolt to draw the             14. 14a Attach the position bracket (1) to
                 torsion bar                       retaining bracket off the end of the anti-roll         the shock absorber lower mounting bolt
                                                                        bar                                hole as shown, using the mounting bolt
                                                                                                                and nut and a suitable spacer
4 Position a trolley jack underneath the end of    7 Once the splines of the torsion bar are
the trailing arm, and raise the jack until it is   free, the bar can be withdrawn completely
supporting the weight of the trailing arm. It is   from its location. Note that the front and rear
necessary to support the trailing arm, to          torsion bars are not interchangeable; the
prevent it moving as the torsion bar is            bars can be identified by the markings on
removed. Excess trailing arm movement will         their shafts. The front bar has one band
place strain on the brake lines, which could       painted around the left-hand end of its shaft,
cause them to fracture.                            and the rear bar has two bands painted
                                                   around its right-hand end.

                                                   Rear torsion bar
                                                   8 Remove the left-hand shock absorber as
                                                   described in Section 13.
                                                   9 Carry out the operations described above in
                                                   paragraphs 3 and 4.                                   14. 14b Using a feeler blade to check the
                                                   10 Slacken and remove the bolt securing the             positioning bracket-to-crossmember
                                                   anti-roll bar retaining bracket to the left-hand                     clearance
                                                   trailing arm, and unscrew the plastic plug from
                                                   the centre of the bracket. Obtain a 12 x
                                                   1. 5 mm bolt at least 70 mm long, lubricate its      14 Ensure the distance between the upper
 A tool to hold the trailing arm in                threads and screw it into the bracket. The bolt      and lower shock absorber mounting bolt
 position can be fabricated from a                 can then be used as a jacking bolt, to draw          holes is still as measured prior to removal, and
 length of threaded bar, and attached to           the bracket out of position (see illustration).      adjust as necessary. Attach the positioning
 the shock absorber mounting bolt                  Once the bracket is free from the anti-roll bar      bracket (see note above) to the shock
 holes.                                            splines, remove it from the trailing arm, along      absorber lower mounting bolt hole as shown
                                                   with its sealing rings. Discard the sealing rings    in illustration 14.14a. Using feeler blades,
5 Slacken and remove the Torx screw and            - new ones should be used on refitting.              check that the clearance between the inner
washer from the right-hand end of the torsion      11 Slacken and remove the Torx screw and             edge of the bracket and the edge of the
bar. Using a punch or scriber, make alignment      washer from the left-hand end of the torsion         tubular crossmember is 0. 05 mm. If
marks between the torsion bar and trailing         bar. Using a punch or scriber, make alignment        necessary, adjust the position of the trailing
arm. Unscrew the retaining nut from the left-      marks between the torsion bar and trailing           arm by tapping it lightly with a soft-faced
hand end of the torsion bar, and remove the        arm. Unscrew the retaining nut from the right-       mallet until the 0. 05 mm feeler blade is a light,
washer.                                            hand end of the torsion bar, and remove the          sliding fit (see illustrations).
6 The torsion bar can now be withdrawn from        washer.                                              15 Where the original torsion bar is being
the right-hand side, using a slide-hammer          12 Withdraw the torsion bar from the left-           installed, rotate the bar until the marks made
which is screwed into the 8 mm threaded hole       hand side, using the information given above         on removal are aligned, then slide the bar into
in the end of the bar (see illustration).          in paragraphs 6 and 7.                               position. The bar should engage freely with
                                                                                                        the trailing arm splines for the first 8 to 10
                                                                                                        mm, and can then be tapped fully into
                                                   Refitting                                            position using a hammer and a soft metal
           It is possible to improvise                                                                  drift.
           torsion bar removal by                  Front torsion bar                                    16 If a new bar is being installed, rotate the
           screwing a long bolt with a             13 Ensure that the trailing arm and torsion          bar until the position is found where the bar
 flat washer into the bar, and placing             bar splines are clean and dry, then lubricate        can be freely engaged with the first 8 to 10
 the jaws of a spanner against the                 the splines with molybdenum disulphide               mm of the trailing arm splines. Having found
 washer. Striking the spanner sharply              grease. Where a new torsion, bar is being            this position, tap the bar fully home using a
 with a hammer should free the torsion             installed, unscrew the threaded stud from the        hammer and a soft metal drift.
 bar.                                              original bar, and screw it fully into the smaller-   17 Once the torsion bar is fully home, refit the
                                                   diameter end of the new bar.                         washer and Torx screw to the end of the
 10•14 Suspension and steering




      14. 17a Refit the offset w a s h e r . . .       14. 1 7 b . . . and the retaining screw to the          14. 1 7 c . . . and tighten the screw to the
                                                                end of the torsion b a r . . .                                 specified torque

torsion bar, and tighten it to the specified          mallet, tap the bracket into position until the        14. 0. Note that the substitute bracket must be
torque (see illustrations).                          clearance between the inside of the bracket             accurately fabricated to be of use.
 18 Ensure the trailing arm is still correctly       and the trailing arm is 1. 0 mm; this can be
positioned, then unscrew the threaded stud           checked using a feeler blade. If the bracket is         Removal
from the opposite end of the torsion bar until       a tight fit on the anti-roll bar splines, screw a       1 Chock the front wheels, then jack up the
its shoulder contacts the trailing arm cup; do       long 8 mm bolt, nut and washer into the end             rear of the vehicle and support it on axle
not force the stud against the cup. Refit the        of the anti-roll bar. The bracket can then be           stands. Remove both rear roadwheels.
washer and nut to the stud, and securely             drawn into position by tighten the nut (see             2 Remove the relevant shock absorber as
tighten the nut whilst retaining the stud with a     illustration 16. 13b).                                  described in Section 13.
small      flat-bladed     screwdriver     (see      24 Once the bracket is correctly positioned,
illustrations).                                                                                             3 Slacken and remove the bolt securing the
                                                     refit its retaining bolt, not forgetting to position   anti-roll bar retaining bracket to the left-hand
19 Refit the rear shock absorber as                  the handbrake cable bracket underneath it,             trailing arm, and unscrew the plastic plug from
described in Section 13, then check and, if          and tighten it to the specified torque setting.        the centre of the bracket. Obtain a 12 x
necessary, adjust the vehicle ride height as         Unscrew the bolt(s) from the end(s) of the anti-       1.5 mm bolt at least 70 mm long, lubricate its
described in Section 18.                             roll bar, then wipe clean the threads of the           threads and screw it into the bracket. The bolt
Rear torsion bar                                     retaining bracket holes. Apply a smear of              can then be used as a jacking bolt, to draw
                                                     sealant to the plugs, and refit them to the            the bracket out of position. Once the bracket
20 Refit the torsion bar as described above in       brackets.
paragraphs 13 to 19.                                                                                        is free from the anti-roll bar splines, remove it
                                                     25 Refit the rear shock absorber as                    from the trailing arm, along with its sealing
21 Unscrew the plastic plug from the centre
                                                     described in Section 13, then check and, if            rings. Discard the sealing rings - new ones
of the opposite anti-roll bar retaining bracket,     necessary, adjust the vehicle ride height as
and screw a short 8 mm bolt and washer into                                                                 should be used on refitting. Proceed as
                                                     described in Section 18.                               described under the relevant sub-heading.
the end of the anti-roll bar. Securely tighten
the bolt to hold the anti-roll bar in position.                                                             Rear drum brakes
22 Apply a smear of the special grease                15 Rear suspension trailing
(Mobil Temp G9, available from your Citroen              arm - removal and refitting                         4 Remove the brake drum as described in
dealer) to the new sealing rings, and fit them                                                               Chapter 9.
to the anti-roll bar bracket. In the absence of      Note: To ensure the trailing arm is correctly           5 Work back along the length of the brake
the    special      grease,     a    good-quality    positioned on refitting, a special bracket is           pipe/hose, and remove any retaining clips
molybdenum disulphide grease can be used.            required. This bracket (special tool number             securing it to the trailing arm. Note that on
23 Insert the retaining bracket into position in     9501-T. G3) can be obtained from a Citroen              some models, it may be necessary to split the
the trailing arm, aligning its retaining bolt hole   dealer, or alternatively, a home-made                   brake hose at its union in order to free it from
with that of the trailing arm, and engage it with    substitute can be fabricated; the dimensions            the trailing arm bracket; refer to Chapter 9 for
the anti-roll bar splines. Using a soft-faced        of the Citroen tool are shown in illustration           further information.
                                                                                                             6 Undo the four bolts and washers securing
                                                                                                             the brake backplate to the trailing arm.
                                                                                                             Carefully ease the backplate assembly over
                                                                                                            the end of the stub axle, and position it clear
                                                                                                            of the trailing arm. Tie the backplate assembly
                                                                                                            to the vehicle underbody, to prevent undue
                                                                                                            strain being placed on the brake pipe.
                                                                                                            7 Remove the relevant torsion bar as
                                                                                                            described in Section 14.
                                                                                                            8 The trailing arm can then be withdrawn
                                                                                                            from the crossmember, and removed from the
                                                                                                            vehicle.
                                                                                                            9 Inspect the trailing arm bearings, axle tube
                                                                                                            tracks and crossmember outer sleeves for
                                                                                                            signs of wear and damage. If renewal is
 14. 18a Screw the threaded stud out from            14. 18b Refit the washer and retaining nut,            necessary, the task should be entrusted to a
the end of the opposite end of the bar until             and securely tighten the nut whilst                Citroen dealer. The bearing renewal
          it just contacts the cup                     retaining the stud with the screwdriver              procedure involves the use of numerous
                                                                                                         Suspension and steering 10•15




   15. 15 Ensure the seal (1) is fitted the                  16. 5a Slide the inner.                     16. 5 b . . . and outer sealing rings off the
   correct way around, and is correctly                                                                                   anti-roll bar
  located on the trailing arm shoulder (a)

special tools to remove the original bearings      18 Refit the torsion bar as described in
and install the new ones. Attempting to install    paragraphs 13 to 18 of Section 14.                   16 Rear suspension anti-roll
the bearings without these special tools will                                                              bar - removal and refitting
                                                   Rear drum brakes
almost certainly lead to damage during fitting.
                                                   19 Ensure the mating surfaces of the brake
Rear disc brakes                                   backplate and trailing arm are clean and dry.       Removal
10 Work back along the length of the brake         Locate the backplate over the stub axle, then       1 Chock the front wheels, then jack up the
hose/pipe, and remove any retaining clips          refit its retaining bolts and tighten them to the   rear of the vehicle and support it on axle
securing it to the trailing arm. Note that on      specified torque setting.                           stands. Remove both rear roadwheels.
some models, it may be necessary to split the      20 Refit the anti-roll bar retaining bracket as     2 Slacken and remove the bolt securing the
brake hose at its union in order to free it from   described in paragraphs 21 to 24 of Sec-            anti-roll bar retaining bracket to the right-hand
the trailing arm bracket; refer to Chapter 9 for   tion 14.                                            trailing arm, and unscrew the plastic plug from
further information. On models with ABS,           21 Reconnect the brake pipe/hose (where             the centre of the bracket. Obtain a 12 x
trace the wiring back from the wheel sensor,       split), and ensure the brake pipe/hose and          1.5 mm bolt at least 70 mm long, lubricate its
and disconnect it at the wiring connector.
                                                   handbrake cable are securely retained by all        threads and screw it into the bracket. The bolt
11 Slacken the two bolts securing the caliper      the necessary fasteners. Refit the brake drum,      can then be used as a jacking bolt, to draw
assembly to the trailing arm, and remove them      referring to the relevant Sections of Chapter 9.    the bracket out of position. Once the bracket
along with the mounting plate, noting which
                                                   22 Refit the rear shock absorber as                 is free from the anti-roll bar splines, remove it
way around the plate is fitted. Discard the
                                                   described in Section 13, then check and, if         from the trailing arm, along with its sealing
caliper mounting bolts - they should be
                                                   necessary, adjust the vehicle ride height as        rings. Discard the sealing rings - new ones
renewed whenever they are disturbed.
                                                   described in Section 18.                            should be used on refitting.
12 Slide the caliper assembly off the brake
disc. Where the brake hose/pipe has not been       Rear disc brakes                                    3 Slacken and remove the bolt securing the
split, tie the caliper to the vehicle underbody,                                                       anti-roll bar retaining bracket to the left-hand
                                                   23 Slide the caliper into position over the         trailing arm, and unscrew the plastic plug from
to prevent any undue strain being placed on        brake disc.
the brake hose.                                                                                        the centre of the bracket.
                                                   24 If the threads of the new caliper mounting       4 The anti-roll bar and right-hand retaining
13 Remove the relevant torsion bar as              bolts are not already pre-coated with locking
described in Section 14.                                                                               bracket assembly can now be withdrawn from
                                                   compound, apply a suitable locking                  the left-hand side, using a slide-hammer
14 The trailing arm can then be withdrawn
                                                   compound to them. Install the new caliper           which is screwed into the 8 mm threaded hole
from the crossmember, and examined as
                                                   mounting bolts and the mounting plate, noting       in the end of the anti-roll bar. It is possible to
described above in paragraph 9.
                                                   that the mounting plate must be fitted so that      improvise by screwing a long bolt with a flat
Refitting                                          its bend curves away from the caliper body.         washer into the bar, and placing the jaws of a
                                                   With the plate correctly positioned, tighten the    spanner against the washer. Striking the
15 Prior to refitting, inspect the trailing arm
                                                   caliper bolts to the specified torque setting       spanner sharply with a hammer should free
seal for signs of wear or damage, and renew if
                                                   (see Chapter 9).                                    the torsion bar. Alternatively, the bar can be
necessary. Ensure the new seal is installed the
correct way around, and is pressed fully onto      25 Refit the anti-roll bar retaining bracket as     tapped out of position, using a hammer and a
the trailing arm (see illustration).               described in paragraphs 21 to 24 of Sec-            soft-metal drift on the exposed right-hand end
16 Goat the lips of the seal, and the bearing      tion 14.                                            of the bar.
and bearing tracks, with a smear of the            26 Reconnect the brake pipe/hose (where             5 Remove the sealing rings from the left-hand
special grease (Total Multis G6, available from    split), and ensure the brake hose/pipe and          end of the bar (see illustrations).
your Citroen dealer). In the absence of the        handbrake cable are securely retained by all        6 If it is wished, the anti-roll bar and left-hand
special grease, a good-quality molybdenum          the necessary fasteners. Where necessary,           retaining bracket can be separated using the
disulphide grease can be used.                     reconnect the ABS wheel sensor wiring               jacking bolt (see paragraph 2). Prior to
17 Slide the trailing arm into position in the     connector, referring to Chapter 9 for further       separation, make alignment marks between
crossmember, until its seal is against the         information.                                        the bar and bracket.
crossmember sleeve. Support the trailing arm       27 Refit the rear shock absorber as                 7 Inspect the anti-roll bar and retaining
so that the distance between the upper and         described in Section 13. Check and, if              brackets for signs of wear or damage, and
lower mounting bolt holes is as noted prior to     necessary, adjust the vehicle ride height as        renew if necessary. The sealing rings should
removal.                                           described in Section 18.                            be renewed as a matter of course.
 10•16 Suspension and steering




                                                                                                            16. 10 Secure the left-hand bracket in
     16. 9a If a new anti-roll bar is being           16. 9b Using a nut and bolt to draw the                position with a short 8 mm bolt and
  installed, align the cut-out (arrowed) with       retaining bracket into position on the anti-           washer before refitting the anti-roll bar to
        the bracket retaining bolt hole                               roll bar                                           the vehicle

                                                   Refitting                                               position the handbrake cable bracket
                                                     8 Ensure the splines of the anti-roll bar and         underneath it, and tighten it to the specified
                                                     retaining bracket(s) are clean and dry, then          torque setting (see illustrations).
                                                     apply a smear of the special grease (Mobil            12 Fit the new sealing rings to the right-hand
                                                    Temp G9, available from your Citroen dealer)           retaining bracket.
                                                    to them and the new sealing rings. In the              13 Insert the right-hand retaining bracket into
                                                    absence of the special grease, a good-                 position in the trailing arm, aligning its
                                                    quality molybdenum disulphide grease can               retaining bolt hole with that of the trailing arm,
                                                    be used.                                              and engage it with the anti-roll bar splines.
                                                    9 If the left-hand retaining bracket and anti-        Using a soft-faced mallet, tap the bracket into
                                                    roll bar were separated, refit the bracket to the     position until the clearance between-the inside
                                                    bar, aligning the marks made on removal. If a         of the bracket and the trailing arm is 1. 0 mm;
                                                    new bar or bracket is being fitted, align the         this can be checked using a feeler blade. If the
 16. 11a Refit the anti-roll bar and bracket
                                                    bracket retaining bolt hole with the cut-out on       bracket is a tight fit on the anti-roll bar splines,
        assembly to the vehicle...
                                                    the end of the anti-roll bar. Tap the bracket         screw a long 8 mm bolt, nut and washer into
                                                   fully onto the splines using a soft-faced              the end of the anti-roll bar. The bracket can
                                                    mallet. If the bracket is a tight fit on the anti-   then be drawn into position by tightening the
                                                    roll bar splines, screw a long 8 mm bolt, nut         nut (see illustrations).
                                                   and washer into the end of the anti-roll bar.          14 Once the bracket is correctly positioned,
                                                   The bracket can then be drawn into position           refit its retaining bolt, not forgetting to position
                                                   by tightening the nut (see illustrations).            the handbrake cable bracket underneath it,
                                                   10 Screw a short 8 mm bolt and washer into            and tighten it to the specified torque (see
                                                   the left-hand end of the anti-roll bar, and           illustrations).
                                                   tighten it securely (see illustration). This will     15 Unscrew the bolt(s) from the end(s) of the
                                                   ensure that the bar and bracket will stay             anti-roll bar, then wipe clean the threads of
                                                   correctly engaged during the refitting                the retaining bracket holes. Apply a smear of
                                                   procedure.                                            sealant to the threads of the plastic plugs, and
                                                   11 Slide the new sealing rings onto the anti-         refit them to the brackets (see illustration).
                                                   roll bar, then slide the bar into position from       16 Refit the roadwheels, then lower the car to
16. 1 1 b . . . then refit the retaining bracket   the left-hand side of the vehicle. Refit the          ground and tighten the roadwheel bolts to the
bolt, and tighten it to the specified torque       retaining bracket bolt, not forgetting to             specified torque.




                                                   16. 13b Using a nut and bolt arrangement
  16. 13a Fit the new sealing rings to the            to draw the right-hand bracket into                16. 14a Refit the handbrake cable bracket
right-hand retaining bracket, then refit the        position, whilst using a feeler blade to             to the trailing arm, then refit the retaining
        bracket to the anti-roll bar                  measure bracket-to-arm clearance                                  bracket b o l t . . .
                                                                                                        Suspension and steering 10•17

                                                                                                      (d) Adjust the handbrake cable as described
                                                                                                          in Chapter 9.
                                                                                                      (e) On completion, lower the vehicle to the
                                                                                                          ground, and bleed the braking system
                                                                                                          hydraulic circuit as described in Chap-
                                                                                                          ters.
                                                                                                      (f) Check and, if necessary, adjust the
                                                                                                          vehicle ride height as described in
                                                                                                          Section 18.

                                                                                                       18 Vehicle ride height -
                                                                                                          checking and adjustment

 16.14b . . . and tighten it to the specified          16.15 Apply a smear of sealant to the          Checking
                    torque                          threads of the plastic plugs, and refit them
                                                             to the retaining brackets                1 Position the unladen vehicle on a level
                                                                                                      surface, with the tyres correctly inflated; roll
                                                    Lift up the rear luggage compartment carpet       the vehicle backwards and forwards, to
 17 Rear axle assembly -                            to gain access to the rear axle retaining nuts.   relieve any stress in the suspension
    removal and refitting                           Slacken and remove the two retaining nuts         components.        For     the    ride    height
                                                    and washers from each front mounting              measurements to be accurate, the vehicle
                                                    assembly, and the single nut and washer           must be loaded with the equivalent of 4
Removal                                             securing each rear mounting assembly to the       occupants and approximately 40 kg of
 1 Remove the rear seat assembly as                 vehicle.                                          luggage.
 described in Chapter 11.                           10 Carefully lower the jack and axle              2 The front ride height is measured between
 2 Firmly chock the front wheels, then jack up      assembly out of position, and remove it from      the centre of the front lower suspension arm
 the rear of the vehicle and support it on axle     underneath the vehicle.                           pivot and the ground; the rear ride height
 stands. Remove both rear roadwheels, then          11 Examine the rear axle mountings for signs      measurement is taken between the lower
 lower the spare wheel out from underneath          or damage or deterioration of the mounting        edge of the 58 mm section of the tubular
 the rear of the vehicle, and unhook the wheel      rubber, and renew if necessary. Note that all     crossmember and           the ground        (see
 carrier.                                           four mountings should be renewed as a set;        illustration).
 3 Remove the exhaust system and heat               do not renew the mountings individually.          3 Take three measurements on the right-hand
 shield(s) as described in Chapter 4.                                                                 side of the vehicle, then take the average of
                                                    Refitting                                         these three to be the correct right-hand
4 Remove the handbrake lever cover, and
fully slacken the handbrake cable adjuster          12 Refitting is a reversal of the removal         height. Repeat the procedure on the left-hand
 nut. Refer to Chapter 9 for further information.   procedure, bearing in mind the following          side, to find the correct left-hand height. Note
5 On models with rear drum brakes,                  points:                                           that the maximum permissible difference
disconnect both cables from the handbrake           (a) Raise the rear axle assembly into position,   between the left- and right-hand side is
lever. From underneath the vehicle, work                and tighten the mounting retaining nuts to    10 mm. Add both the left- and right-hand side
along the length of each cable, and free them           their specified torque settings.              averages together, and divide by two to
from any retaining clips which secure them to       (b) Ensure the brake pipes, handbrake cables      obtain the correct vehicle ride height.
the vehicle underbody.                                  and wiring (as applicable) are correctly      4 Compare the measurement obtained with
6 On models with rear disc brakes, free the             routed, and retained by all the necessary     those given in the Specifications at the start of
end of the handbrake inner cable from the               retaining clips.                              this Chapter.
caliper handbrake lever, then tap the outer         (c) Securely tighten the brake pipe union         5 If the front ride height differs significantly
cable out of the caliper using a hammer and             nuts.                                         from that specified, one OT the suspension
punch. Where necessary, disconnect the ABS
wheel sensors at the wiring connectors, and
free them from any retaining clips.
7 Trace the brake pipes back from the
caliper/backplate to their unions, which are
situated just in front of the rear axle assembly.
Slacken the union nuts, and disconnect the
pipes. Plug the pipe ends, to minimise fluid
loss and prevent the entry of dirt into the
hydraulic system. Remove any retaining clips
securing the rear section of the pipe to the
vehicle underbody.
8 Make a final check that all necessary
components have been disconnected and
positioned so that they will not hinder the
removal procedure, then position a trolley jack
beneath the centre of the rear axle assembly.
Raise the jack until it is supporting the weight
of the axle.                                                                                                             Rear axie
                                                                       Front axle
9 Remove the luggage compartment lower
side trim panels as described in Chapter 11.                     18.2 Vehicle front (a) and rear (b) ride height measurement points
 10•18 Suspension and steering

components must be worn or damaged; no
adjustment is possible. Inspect all the front
suspension components for signs of wear or
damage, such as worn bushes, and renew
components as necessary. If no sign of
damage can be found, the vehicle should be
taken to a Citroen dealer for a more detailed
examination.
6 If the rear ride height differs from that
specified, adjust it as follows.
Adjustment (rear ride height only)
  7 Determine the amount of adjustment
  required. The rear suspension height can be
  adjusted in multiples of 3 mm, by rotating the         19.2a Remove the centre pad . . .                19.2b . . . then slacken and remove the
  rear torsion bars. If adjustment is necessary,                                                               steering wheel retaining nut
  determine the number of splines the torsion
  bar must be moved, noting that one spline is     in Section 14, and repeat the procedure             whilst pulling upwards to release it from the
  equal to roughly 3 mm of ride height. For        described in paragraphs 10 and 11 on the            shaft splines.
  example, if the ride height needs adjusting by   right-hand side. Secure the bar in position as
                                                   described in Section 14.                            Refitting
  10 mm, the torsion bar should be moved by
 three splines. If the height difference between   14 Refit the roadwheels, then lower the car to      4 Refitting is a reversal of removal, noting the
 sides was excessive, compensate for this          ground and tighten the roadwheel bolts to the       following points:
 during the adjustment procedure.                  specified torque.                                   (a) Check the indicator cancelling lug fitted to
                                                   15 With the car standing on its wheels, rock             the rear of steering wheel is in good
 8 Chock the front wheels, then jack up the
                                                   the car to settle the disturbed suspension               condition, and if necessary renew it. The
 rear of the vehicle and support it on axle
                                                   components, then tighten the shock absorber              lug is retained by a circlip (see
 stands. Remove both rear roadwheels.
                                                   mounting bolts to the specified torque                   illustration).
 9 Working first on the left-hand side, remove
                                                   settings.                                           (b) Prior to refitting, ensure that the indicator
 the rear torsion bar as described in Sec-
                                                   16 Recheck the vehicle ride heights as                   switch stem is in its central position.
 tion 14.
                                                   described earlier in this Section and, if                Failure to do this could lead to the
 10 Noting that a 2 mm change in distance
                                                   necessary, repeat the adjustment procedure.              steering wheel lug breaking the switch tab
 between the rear shock absorber mounting
                                                   Note that it may be necessary to adjust the              as the steering wheel is refitted.
 bolt holes equals a 3 mm change in ride
                                                   headlight beam alignment, referring to              (c) On refitting, align the marks made on
 height, or one spline of torsion bar movement,
                                                   Chapter 12 for further information.                      removal, and tighten the retaining nut to
 raise or lower the trailing arm by the required
amount. Note that increasing the distance                                                                   the specified torque (see illustration).
 between the bolt holes increases ride height,      19 Steering wheel -
and decreasing the distance lowers the ride            removal and refitting                            20 Steering column - removal,
height; if the ride needs lowering by 9 mm,                                                                inspection and refitting
decrease the distance between the shock
absorber mounting bolt holes by 6 mm by            Removal
raising the trailing arm.                          1 Set the front wheels in the straight-ahead        Removal
11 Rotate the torsion bar by the required          position, and release the steering lock by          1 Disconnect the battery negative terminal.
number of splines and in the required              inserting the ignition key.                         2 Remove the steering wheel as described in
direction, and relocate it with the trailing arm   2 Carefully ease off the steering wheel centre      Section 19.
splines. The bar should engage freely with the     pad, then slacken and remove the steering           3 Release the panel fasteners by rotating
trailing arm splines for the first 8 to 10 mm,     wheel retaining nut (see illustrations).            them through a quarter of a turn, and remove
and can then be tapped into fully into position    3 Mark the steering wheel and steering              the driver's side lower facia panel.
using a hammer and a soft metal drift.             column shaft in relation to each other, then lift   4 Slacken and remove the five screws which
12 Refit the anti-roll bar retaining bracket as    the steering wheel off the column splines. If it    secure the two halves of the steering column
described in Section 14.                           is tight, tap it up near the centre, using the      shrouds together, then remove both the upper
13 Remove the front torsion bar as described       palm of your hand, or twist it from side to side,   and lower shroud (see illustrations).




19.4a Indicator cancelling lug is secured to       19.4b Tighten the steering wheel retaining             20.4a Undo the five steering column
 the base of the steering wheel by a circlip              nut to the specified torque                    shroud retaining screws (arrowed)...
                                                                                                     Suspension and steering 10•19




   20.4b . . . then remove the both the             20.4c . . . and upper shroud sections             20.6 Disconnecting the ignition switch
                  lower...                                                                                     wiring connectors


5 Release the facia felt undercover retaining    illustrations). Release the shaft from the         Refitting
clips, and peel back the material. Release the   pinion splines, and remove it from the
                                                                                                    13 Where removed, refit the intermediate
heater duct, and remove the duct to gain         vehicle.                                           shaft, aligning the marks made prior to
access to the steering column mountings.
                                                 Inspection                                         removal, and engaging the universal joint with
6 Tilt the steering column fully downwards,                                                         the steering gear drive pinion splines. Refit the
and disconnect the wiring connectors from        10 The steering column incorporates a              shaft clamp bolt, and tighten it to the
the steering column combination switches         telescopic safety feature. In the event of a       specified torque setting. Slide the rubber
and the three wiring connectors from the         front-end crash, the shaft collapses and           gaiter down the intermediate shaft, and locate
ignition switch (see illustration). Free the     prevents the steering wheel injuring the driver.   it in the floorpan.
wiring from any relevant retaining clips.        Before refitting the steering column, examine      14 Manoeuvre the steering column assembly
7 Make alignment marks between the               the column and mountings for signs of              into position then, aligning the marks made
universal joint on the base of the steering      damage and deformation, and renew as               prior to removal, engage the universal joint
column and the intermediate shaft, then          necessary.                                         with the intermediate shaft splines.
slacken and remove the universal joint clamp     11 Check the steering shaft for signs of free      15 Fit the column over its mounting studs,
bolt.                                                                                               and refit the steering column mounting nuts,
                                                 play in the column bushes, and check the
8 Slacken and remove the four steering
                                                 universal joints for signs of damage or
column mounting nuts, then release the
                                                 roughness in the joint bearings. If any damage
steering column from its mountings, and
                                                 or wear is found on the steering column
recover the column mounting spacers from
the lower mounting studs (see illustration).     universal joints or shaft bushes, the column
Disengage the universal joint from the           must be renewed as an assembly. Inspect the
intermediate shaft, and remove the steering      column lower mounting rubbers for signs of
column assembly from the vehicle.                damage or deterioration, and renew if
9 To remove the intermediate shaft, firmly       necessary.
apply the handbrake, then jack up the front      12 The steering column nuts (and, where
of the vehicle and support it on axle stands.    disturbed, the intermediate shaft clamp bolt
Disengage the rubber gaiter from the floor,      nuts) must be renewed as a matter of course.
and slide it off the end of the shaft. Make      Each nut is retained by a metal cage; release
alignment marks between the universal joint      the cage retaining tangs, then remove the old
on the base of the intermediate shaft and        nut from inside the cage and install the new
steering gear pinion, then slacken and           one. Refit the cage, and secure it in position     20.8 Steering column lower mounting nuts
remove the universal joint clamp bolt (see       with the retaining tangs (see illustration).                       (arrowed)




 20.9a From inside the vehicle, slide the          20.9b . . . then slacken and remove the          20.12 Ensure the universal joint clamp bolt
rubber gaiter off the intermediate shaft..         universal joint clamp bolt, and free the          nut cage is securely held in position by its
                                                        shaft from the steering gear                         retaining tangs (arrowed)
  10•20 Suspension and steering




  20.15a Ensure the mounting rubbers and              20.15b . . . then refit the steering column       20.16 Adjust the position of the steering
   spacers are correctly positioned on the                           to the vehicle                         shaft as described in text prior to
        column lower mountings . . .
                                                                                                        tightening the universal joint clamp bolt
   not forgetting the lower mounting stud           and locks securely with the lever locked. Note
   spacers, and tighten them to the specified                                                         6 Insert the key, and rotate it so that is
                                                    that on some models, a single Nyloc nut is        aligned with the mark positioned between the
  torque (see illustrations).                       used instead of the locknut and adjuster nut      "A" and "S" marks on the barrel. Using a small
  16 Position the column universal joint on the     arrangement. Where necessary, hold the            flat-bladed screwdriver, depress the lock
  intermediate shaft, so that the top of the        adjuster nut stationary and securely tighten      retaining lug, then withdraw the lock assembly
  steering shaft protrudes from the top of the      the locknut. Check the operation of the lever     from the steering column (see illustrations).
  steering column by 58 mm (see illustration).      and, if necessary, repeat the adjustment
  Once correctly positioned, refit the clamp bolt   procedure. If a Nyloc nut is fitted, it may be    Refitting
  and tighten it to the specified torque.           necessary to renew it, to restore its
                                                                                                      7 Refitting is a reversal of the removal
  17 Ensuring that the wiring is correctly routed   effectiveness.
                                                                                                      procedure, ensuring that the lock assembly is
  and retained by any necessary retaining clips,                                                      securely held in position by its retaining lug.
  reconnect the wiring connectors to the                                                              Prior to refitting the column shroud, remove
                                                      21 Ignition switch/steering column
 combination switches and the ignition switch.                                                        the ignition key and check that the steering
  18 Refit the heater duct, ensuring that it is
                                                         lock - removal and refitting
                                                                                                      lock functions correctly.
 correctly seated at each end, and clip the
 undercover back into position.                     Removal
 19 Position the upper and lower column                                                                22 Steering gear assembly -
                                                     1 Disconnect the battery negative terminal.          removal, overhaul and refitting
 shrouds around the steering column, then refit
                                                     2 Working inside the car, release the panel
 the retaining screws and tighten them
                                                     fasteners by rotating them through a quarter
 securely.                                                                                           Removal
                                                     of a turn, and remove the driver's side lower
 20 Refit the lower facia panel, and secure it in    facia panel.
 position by rotating the fasteners through a                                                         1 Chock the rear wheels, firmly apply the
                                                     3 Slacken and remove the five screws which       handbrake, then jack up the front of the
quarter of a turn.
                                                    secure the two halves of the steering column      vehicle and support on axle stands. Remove
21 Refit the steering wheel as described in         shrouds together, then remove the lower
Section 19.                                                                                           both front roadwheels.
                                                    shroud.
22 Release the column tilt lever, check that                                                         2 Slacken and remove the nuts securing the
                                                    4 Tilt the steering column fully downwards,      steering gear track rod balljoints to the swivel
the column moves freely, then lock the lever        then trace the wiring back from the ignition
and check the column is securely held. If                                                            hubs, and release the balljoint tapered shanks
                                                    switch, and disconnect its three wiring          using a universal balljoint separator.
adjustment is necessary, working through the        connectors from the main wiring loom.
aperture in the lower shroud, slacken the lever                                                      3 Using a hammer and punch, white paint or
                                                    5 Slacken and remove the lock retaining          similar, mark the exact relationship between
locknut, then slacken the adjuster nut until the    screw and washer from the side of the lock
column moves freely with the lever released                                                          the intermediate shaft universal joint and the
                                                    (see illustration).                              steering gear drive pinion. Slacken and




21.5 Ignition switch/steering column lock             21.6a Insert the key, positioning it as        21.6b . . . and withdraw the lock assembly
        retaining screw (arrowed)                    described in the text, then depress the                   from the steering column
                                                              lock retaining lug . . .
                                                                                                          Suspension and steering 10•21




  22.3 Intermediate shaft universal joint                22.5a Slacken and remove the two                22.5b . . . recover the nuts from the rear of
    clamp bolt (arrowed) viewed from                    steering gear retaining bolts (viewed             the steering gear, and the spacers from
               underneath                              underneath the front of the vehicle)...               the subframe apertures (arrowed)

remove the clamp bolt securing the joint to          excessive free play between the steering gear       hubs, then fit a new retaining nut to each one.
the pinion, and free the intermediate shaft          pinion and rack. It is possible to overhaul the     Tighten the nuts to the specified torque.
from the steering gear (see illustration).           steering gear assembly housing components,          19 On models with power steering, wipe
4 Where necessary, undo the two retaining            but this task should be entrusted to a Citroen      clean the feed and return pipe unions, then
screws, then unclip the heat shield and              dealer. The only components which can be            refit them to their respective positions on the
remove it from the top of the steering gear          renewed easily by the home mechanic are the         steering gear, and tighten the union nuts to
assembly.                                            steering gear gaiters, the track rod balljoints     their specified torque settings. Ensure the
                                                     and the track rods. Track rod, track rod            pipes are correctly routed, and are securely
Manual steering gear                                                                                     held by all the necessary retaining clips.
                                                     balljoint and steering gear gaiter renewal
5 Slacken the steering gear mounting bolts,          procedures are covered in Sections 27, 26           20 On all models, refit the roadwheels, then
and recover the nuts. Withdraw the mounting          and 23 respectively.                                lower the vehicle to the ground and tighten
bolts, and recover the spacers from the              12 On models with power steering, inspect           the roadwheel bolts to the specified torque.
subframe apertures (see illustrations).              all the steering gear fluid unions for signs of     21 Where necessary, remove the hose
6 The steering gear assembly can then be             leakage, and check that all union nuts are          clamps from the power steering hoses, then
manoeuvred out from underneath the right-            securely tightened. Also examine the steering       top-up the fluid reservoir and bleed the
hand wheel arch. Note that on left-hand-drive        gear hydraulic ram for signs of fluid leakage or    hydraulic system as described in Section 24.
1580 cc and larger-engined models with               damage, and if necessary renew it.                  22 On completion check and, if necessary,
manual transmission, it may be necessary to                                                              adjust the front wheel alignment as described
disconnect one or more of the gearchange             Refitting                                           in Section 28.
linkage link rods from their balljoints on the
                                                     13 Note that all Nyloc nuts disturbed on
transmission unit, to gain the necessary
                                                     removal must be renewed as a matter of
clearance required to withdraw the steering
                                                     course. These nuts have threads which are            23 Steering gear rubber
gear.
                                                     pre-coated with locking compound (this is               gaiters - renewal
Power-assisted steering gear                         only effective once), and include the track rod
7 Using brake hose clamps, clamp both the            balljoint nuts, steering gear mounting bolt
supply and return hoses near the power               nuts, and the intermediate shaft clamp bolt         Manual steering gear
steering fluid reservoir. This will minimise fluid   nut. The intermediate shaft clamp bolt nut is       1 Remove the track rod balljoint as described
loss during subsequent operations.                   retained by a metal cage; release the cage          in Section 26.
8 Mark the unions to ensure they are                 retaining tangs, then remove the old nut from       2 Mark the correct fitted position of the gaiter
correctly positioned on reassembly, then             inside the cage and install the new one. Refit      on the track rod, then release the retaining
unscrew the feed and return pipe union nuts          the cage to the shaft, and secure it in position    clips and slide the gaiter off the steering gear
from the steering gear assembly; be prepared         with the retaining tangs (illustration 20.12).      housing and track rod end.
for fluid spillage, and position a suitable          14 Manoeuvre the steering gear assembly             3 Thoroughly clean the track rod and the
container     beneath      the    pipes    whilst    into position from the right-hand side of the       steering gear housing, using fine abrasive
unscrewing the union nuts. Disconnect both           vehicle.                                            paper to polish off any corrosion, burrs or
pipes, and plug the pipe ends and steering           15 Position the spacers in the subframe             sharp edges, which might damage the new
gear orifices, to prevent fluid leakage and to       apertures, then insert the mounting bolts. Fit      gaiter's sealing lips on installation. Scrape off
keep dirt out of the hydraulic system.               the new nuts onto the steering gear, then           all the grease from the old gaiter, and apply it
9 Free the power steering pipes from any             tighten the mounting bolts to the specified         to the track rod inner balljoint. (This assumes
retaining clips, and position them clear of the      torque. Where necessary, clip the gearchange        that grease has not been lost or contaminated
steering gear so that they will not hinder the       linkage link rods onto their balljoints.            as a result of damage to the old gaiter. Use
removal procedure.                                   16 Clip the heat shield (where fitted) onto the     fresh grease if in doubt.)
10 Remove the steering gear as described             top of the steering gear, and securely tighten      4 Carefully slide the new gaiter onto the track
above in paragraphs 5 and 6.                         its two retaining screws.                           rod end, and locate it on the steering gear
                                                     17 Aligning the marks made prior to removal,        housing. Align the outer edge of the gaiter
Overhaul                                             engage the intermediate shaft universal joint       with the mark made on the track rod prior to
11 Examine the steering gear assembly for            with the steering gear pinion splines. Refit the    removal, then secure it in position with new
signs of wear or damage, and check that the          clamp bolt with a new nut, and tighten it to the    retaining clips.
rack moves freely throughout the full length of      specified torque.                                   5 Refit the track rod balljoint as described in
its travel, with no signs of roughness or             18 Engage the track rod balljoints in the swivel   Section 26.
   10•22 Suspension and steering




  25.3 Undo the retaining nut (arrowed), and
    free the feed pipe from the rear of the            25.5a The two front power steering pump
   power steering pump. Fluid supply hose                                                                      25.5b Power steering pump upper
                                                        retaining bolts can be accessed through                mounting bolts (viewed from above)
          retaining clip also arrowed                            holes in the drive pulley
  Power-assisted steering gear                         by turning the wheels to the straight-ahead         7 Fit a new O-ring to the feed pipe union,
    6 On      power-assisted       steering    gear position and switching off the engine. If the          then reconnect the pipe to the pump and
    assemblies, it is only possible to renew the fluid level in the reservoir rises, then air is           securely tighten the union nut. Refit the supply
    gaiter nearest the drive pinion, ie the right-     present in the system, and further bleeding is      pipe to the pump, and securely tighten its
    hand gaiter on right-hand-drive models, and necessary.                                                 retaining clip. Remove the brake hose clamps
   the left-hand gaiter on left-hand-drive models. 6 Once all traces of air have been removed              used to minimise fluid loss.
   This can be renewed as described above in from the power steering hydraulic system,                    8 Refit the fluid hose retaining clip to the rear
   paragraphs 1 to 5.                                 turn the engine off and allow the system to         of the pump, and securely tighten its retaining
   7 The task of renewing the opposite gaiter cool. Once cool, check that fluid level is up to            nut.
   should be entrusted to a Citroen dealer. This the maximum mark on the power steering                   9 Refit the drivebelt to the pump pulley, and
   is necessary since it is not possible to pass fluid reservoir, topping-up if necessary.                tension it as described in Chapter 1.
   the gaiter over the steering rack stud to which                                                        10 On completion, bleed the hydraulic
   the hydraulic ram is fixed. Therefore, the           25 Power steering pump -                          system as described in Section 24.
   steering gear must be dismantled and the                 removal and refitting
   rack removed from the housing to allow the
                                                                                                            26 Track rod balljoint -
   gaiter to be renewed.
                                                      Removal                                                  removal and refitting
  8 The only task on this end of the assembly
  which can be carried out by the home                1 Release the drivebelt tension as described
   mechanic is the renewal of the track rod inner in Chapter 1, and unhook the drivebelt from             Removal
  balljoint dust cover. The dust cover can be the pump pulley. The power steering pump is
                                                                                                           1 Apply the handbrake, then jack up the front
  renewed once the track rod balljoint has been either mounted directly above or directly
                                                      below the alternator, depending on the engine        of the vehicle and support it on axle stands.
  removed as described in Section 26. On
                                                     type and the specification level of the vehicle.      Remove the appropriate front roadwheel.
  refitting, ensure the dust cover is correctly
                                                                                                          2 If the balljoint is to be re-used, use a
  located on the track rod and steering rack, 2 Using brake hose clamps, clamp both the
                                                     supply and return hoses near the power                straight-edge and a scriber, or similar, to mark
  then refit the balljoint.
                                                     steering fluid reservoir. This will minimise fluid   its relationship to the track rod.
                                                     loss during subsequent operations.                   3 Hold the track rod, and unscrew the
    24 Power steering system -                      3 Undo the retaining nut, and free the power          balljoint locknut by a quarter of a turn. Do not
         bleeding                                   steering hose retaining clip from the rear of         move the locknut from this position, as it will
                                                    the pump, where necessary (see illustration).         serve as a handy reference mark on refitting.
  1 This procedure will only be necessary when 4 Slacken the retaining clip, and disconnect               4 Slacken and remove the nut securing the
  any part of the hydraulic system has been the fluid supply hose from the rear of the                    track rod balljoint to the swivel hub, and
  disconnected.                                     pump. If the original Citroen clip is still fitted,   release the balljoint tapered shank using a
 2 Referring to Chapter 1, remove the fluid cut the clip and discard it; replace it with a                universal balljoint separator (see illustration).
 reservoir filler cap, and top-up with the standard worm-drive hose clip on refitting.
 specified fluid to the maximum level mark.         Slacken the union nut, and disconnect the
 3 With the engine stopped, slowly move the feed pipe from the pump, along with its O-
 steering from lock-to-lock several times to        ring. Be prepared for some fluid spillage as
 purge out the trapped air, then top-up the the pipe and hose are disconnected, and plug
 level in the fluid reservoir. Repeat this the hose/pipe end and pump unions, to
 procedure until the fluid level in the reservoir minimise fluid loss and prevent the entry of
 does not drop any further.                        dirt into the system.
 4 Start the engine, then slowly move the 5 Slacken and remove the three bolts
 steering from lock-to-lock several times to securing the power steering pump, and
 purge out any remaining air in the system.        remove the pump from the engine
 Repeat this procedure until bubbles cease to compartment (see illustrations).
appear in the fluid reservoir.                     Refitting
5 If, when turning the steering, an abnormal 6 Manoeuvre the pump into position, then
                                                                                                          26.4 Using a universal balljoint separator
noise is heard from the fluid lines, it indicates refit its mounting bolts and tighten them
                                                                                                          to free the balljoint shank from the swivel
that there is still air in the system. Check this securely.
                                                                                                                               hub
                                                                                                          Suspension and steering 10•23

 Discard the nut - a new one must be used           Refitting                                            caused by wear or damage to the body or
when refitting.                                                                                          suspension components.
                                                    6 Locate the new lock washer assembly on
5 Counting the exact number of turns                                                                     6 Steering axis inclination/SAI - also known
                                                    the end of the steering rack, and apply a few
necessary to do so, unscrew the balljoint from                                                           as kingpin inclination/KPI - is the angle
                                                    drops of locking fluid to the track rod inner
the track rod end.                                                                                       between the steering axis and a vertical line
                                                    balljoint threads.
6 Count the number of exposed threads                                                                    drawn through each roadwheel's centre and
                                                    7 Screw the balljoint into the steering rack,
between the end of the balljoint and the                                                                 tyre contact patch, when viewed from the
                                                    and tighten it to the specified torque whilst
locknut, and record this figure. If a new                                                                front or rear of the car.
                                                    retaining the lock washer with a pair of grips.
balljoint is to be fitted, unscrew the locknut                                                           7 SAI/KPI is not adjustable, and is given for
                                                    Again, take great care not to damage or mark
from the old balljoint.                                                                                  reference only.
                                                    the track rod balljoint or steering rack.
7 Carefully clean the balljoint and the threads.                                                         8 Toe is the difference, viewed from above,
                                                    8 Where a gaiter was removed, carefully slide
Renew the balljoint if its movement is sloppy                                                            between lines drawn through the roadwheel
                                                    on the new gaiter, and locate it on the steering
or too stiff, if excessively worn, or if damaged                                                         centres and the car's centre-line. "Toe-in" is
                                                    gear housing. Turn the steering fully from
in any way; carefully check the stud taper and                                                           when the roadwheels point inwards, towards
                                                    lock-to-lock, to check that the gaiter is
threads. If the balljoint gaiter is damaged, the                                                         each other at the front, while "toe-out" is
                                                    correctly positioned on the track rod, then
complete balljoint assembly must be                                                                      when they splay outwards from each other at
                                                    secure it in position with new retaining clips.
renewed; it is not possible to obtain the gaiter                                                         the front.
                                                    9 Where a dust cover was removed, carefully
separately.                                                                                              9 The front wheel toe setting is adjusted by
                                                    slide on the new cover, and locate it in its
Refitting                                           grooves on the steering rack collar and track
                                                    rod.
8 If a new balljoint is to be fitted, screw the     10 Refit the track rod balljoint as described in
 locknut onto its threads, and position it so       Section 26.
that the same number of exposed threads are
visible, as was noted prior to removal.                                                                                                  Castor
9 Screw the balljoint into the track rod by the
number of turns noted on removal. This               28 Wheel alignment and steering
should bring the balljoint locknut to within a          angles - general information
quarter of a turn from the locknut, with the
alignment marks that were made on removal
                                                    Definitions
(if applicable) lined up.
10 Refit the balljoint shank to the swivel hub,     1 A car's steering and suspension geometry
then fit a new retaining nut and tighten it to      is defined in four basic settings - all angles are
the specified torque.                               expressed in degrees (toe settings are-also
11 Refit the roadwheel, then lower the              expressed as a measurement); the steering
vehicle to the ground and tighten the               axis is defined as an imaginary line drawn
                                                    through the axis of the suspension strut,                                         Camber
roadwheel bolts to the specified torque.
12 Check and, if necessary, adjust the front        extended where necessary to contact the
wheel toe setting as described in Section 28,       ground (see illustration).
then securely tighten the balljoint locknut.        2 Camber is the angle between each
                                                    roadwheel and a vertical line drawn through
                                                    its centre and tyre contact patch, when
 27 Track rod -                                     viewed from the front or rear of the car.
    removal and refitting                           Positive camber is when the roadwheels are
                                                    tilted outwards from the vertical at the top;
                                                    negative camber is when they are tilted
Removal                                             inwards.
 1 Remove the track rod balljoint as described      3 Camber is not adjustable, and is given for
in Section 26.                                                                                                                         Steering axis
                                                    reference only; while it can be checked using                                       inclination
2 Either release the retaining clips and slide      a camber checking gauge, if the figure
the steering gear gaiter off the end of the track   obtained is significantly different from that
rod, or release the track rod balljoint dust        specified, the vehicle must be taken for
cover from rack, and slide it off the track rod     careful checking by a professional, as the fault
(as applicable). Refer to Section 23 for further    can only be caused by wear or damage to the
information.                                        body or suspension components.
3 Unscrew the track rod inner balljoint from the    4 Castor is the angle between the steering
steering rack end, preventing the steering rack     axis and a vertical line drawn through each
from turning by holding the balljoint lock          roadwheel's centre and tyre contact patch,
washer with a pair of grips. Take great care not    when viewed from the side of the car. Positive
to mark the surfaces of the rack and balljoint.     castor is when the steering axis is tilted so                         FRONT
4 Remove the track rod assembly, and                that it contacts the ground ahead of the
discard the lock washer - a new one must be         vertical; negative castor is when it contacts
used on refitting.                                  the ground behind the vertical.
5 Examine the track rod inner balljoint for         5 Castor is not adjustable, and is given for                                             Toe-out
signs of slackness or tight spots, and check        reference only; while it can be checked using
that the track rod itself is straight and free      a castor checking gauge, if the figure obtained
from damage. If necessary, renew the track          is significantly different from that specified,
rod; it is also recommended that the steering       the vehicle must be taken for careful checking        28.1 Wheel alignment and steering angle
gear gaiter/dust cover is renewed.                  by a professional, as the fault can only be                       measurements
 10•24 Suspension and steering

screwing the balljoints in or out of their track      rear inside edges of the roadwheel rims.
rods, to alter the effective length of the track      Proprietary toe measurement gauges are
rod assemblies.                                       available from motor accessory shops.
10 Rear wheel toe setting is not adjustable,          16 Prepare the vehicle as described in
and is given for reference only. While it can be      paragraphs 12 to 14 above.
checked, if the figure obtained is significantly      17 Measure the distance between the front
different from that specified, the vehicle must       edges of the wheel rims and the rear edges of
be taken for careful checking by a                    the rims. Subtract the rear measurement from
professional, as the fault can only be caused         the front measurement, and check that the
by wear or damage to the body or suspension           result is within the specified range.
components.                                           18 If adjustment is necessary, apply the
                                                      handbrake, then jack up the front, of the
Checking - general                                    vehicle and support it securely on axle stands.
 11 Due to the special measuring equipment            Turn the steering wheel onto full-left lock, and
 necessary to check the wheel alignment, and          record the number of exposed threads on the         28.21 Adjusting the front wheel alignment
 the skill required to use it properly, the           right-hand track rod end. Now turn the
 checking and adjustment of these settings is         steering onto full-right lock, and record the
 best left to a Citroen dealer or similar expert.     number of threads on the left-hand side. If
 Note that most tyre-fitting shops now possess                                                            their balljoints) will reduce toe-in/increase toe-
                                                     there are the same number of threads visible
 sophisticated checking equipment.                                                                        out (see illustration).
                                                     on both sides, then subsequent adjustment
                                                     should be made equally on both sides. If there       22 When the setting is correct, hold the track
 12 For accurate checking, the vehicle must
                                                     are more threads visible on one side than the        rods and securely tighten the balljoint
 be at the kerb weight, ie unladen and with a
                                                     other, it will be necessary to compensate for        locknuts. Check that the balljoints are seated
full tank of fuel, and the ride height must be
                                                     this during adjustment. Note: It is most            correctly in their sockets, and count the
 correct (see Section 18).
                                                     important that after adjustment, the same           exposed threads to check the length of both
 13 Before starting work, check first that the
                                                     number of threads are visible on each track         track rods. If they are not the same, then the
tyre sizes and types are as specified, then
                                                     rod end.                                            adjustment has not been made equally, and
check the tyre pressures and tread wear, the
                                                                                                         problems will be encountered with tyre
roadwheel run-out, the condition of the hub          19 First clean the track rod threads; if they       scrubbing in turns; also, the steering wheel
bearings, the steering wheel free play, and the      are corroded, apply penetrating fluid before        spokes will no longer be horizontal when the
condition of the front suspension components         starting adjustment. Release the rubber gaiter      wheels are in the straight-ahead position.
(Chapter 1). Correct any faults found.               outboard clips (where necessary), and peel
                                                                                                         23 If the track rod lengths are the same,
14 Park the vehicle on level ground, check           back the gaiters; apply a smear of grease to
                                                                                                         lower the vehicle to the ground and re-check
that the front roadwheels are in the straight-      the inside of the gaiters, so that both are free,
                                                                                                         the toe setting; re-adjust if necessary. When
ahead position, then rock the rear and front        and will not be twisted or strained as their
                                                                                                         the setting is correct, securely tighten the
ends to settle the suspension. Release the          respective track rods are rotated.
                                                                                                         track rod balljoint locknuts. Ensure that the
handbrake, and roll the vehicle backwards 1         20 Use a straight-edge and a scriber or              rubber gaiters are seated correctly, and are
metre, then forwards again, to relieve any          similar to mark the relationship of each track       not twisted or strained, and secure them in
stresses in the steering and suspension             rod to its balljoint then, holding each track rod    position with new retaining clips (where
components.                                         in turn, unscrew its locknut fully.                  necessary).
Toe setting - checking and                          21 Alter the length of the track rods, bearing
                                                    in mind the note made in paragraph 18. Screw         Rear wheel toe setting
adjusting                                           them into or out of the balljoints, rotating the     24 The procedure for checking the rear toe
Front wheel toe setting                             track rod using an open-ended spanner fitted         setting is same as described for the front in
15 The front wheel toe setting is checked by        to the flats provided on the track rod.              paragraph 17. The setting is not adjustable -
measuring the distance between the front and        Shortening the track rods (screwing them into        see paragraph 10.

								
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