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					Women's Rights are Human Rights:
Magna Carta of Women – RA 9710

                         (PFLCW, INC.)
                   7th GENERAL ASSEMBLY
                         Dipolog City
                        Nov. 18-21, 2009
Salient Features of R. A. 9710:

                              A presentation by
                      Atty. Evelyn S. Dunuan,
              Commissioner for Indigenous Peoples, NCRFW

  National Commission on the Role of Filipino Women (NCRFW)
                   The Philippine Machinery for the Advancement ofWomen
                              1145 J.P. Laurel St., San Miguel, Manila
Outline of Presentation:

 MCW’s Herstory

 Salient Features of the MCW
 Original version of the MCW was entitled
  Magna Carta for Rural Workers, filed
  in the 12th Congress (2001-2004).
 13th Congress (2004-2007)– re-filing of bill
  on Magna Carta for Rural Workers;
  eventually revised as proposed Magna
  Carta for Women; principal author-Rep.
  Josefina Joson
 14th Congress (2007-2010)- re-filing of bill
 Formation of the Study and Action Core Group
  (SACG), composed of PILIPINA as convenor, other
  women's NGOs and POs, NCRFW, staff from the
  Supreme Court, and staffs of legislators , to study how
  the proposed Magna Carta for Women can be further
  strengthened and improved as a national translation of
 Thus, the incorporation of the essential provisions of
  CEDAW that eliminate discrimination against women
  and promote women's human rights.
Magna Carta OF Women
Significance of the preposition “of ”:
To show ownership of the law by women
from all walks of life – marginalized sectors,
professionals, academe, business sector,
NGOs, including those in government, who
all hoped, worked and lobbied for the
passage of the MCW.
 December 10, 2008 (HOR); February 2, 2009 (Senate) -
  Approval on Third Reading
 March 3, 2009 - Bicameral Conference Committee Meeting

 March 5 - Senate approved the Bicameral Conference
  Committee Report
 March 13 - Senate recalled the Bicam Report, reconstituted
  Bicam panel, which approved the inclusion of the word
  “ethical” in the provision on “responsible, legal, safe and
  effective methods of family planning” under the Section on
  Comprehensive Health Services
 The Bicameral Conference Committee Report of the
 Magna Carta of Women was approved in plenary by
 the Senate and the House of Representatives on May
 19 and 20, 2009 respectively.
  12 out of the 24 senators were proponents to the
   bicameral report submitted.
  15 percent or 41 representatives out of 267
   members of the lower congress were proponents to the
   Magna Carta of Women bill.
 PGMA signed the MCW into law in
  Malacañan Palace on August 14, 2009.
 Effectivity—15 days after publication in at
  least two newspapers of general circulation.
 Magna Carta of Women is numbered
Salient Features of the MCW:

I.   General Provisions
II.  Definition of Terms
III. Duties Related to the Human Rights of
IV. Rights and Empowerment
V.   Rights and Empowerment of Marginalized
VI. Institutional Mechanisms
Chapter I: General Provisions
 Declaration of Policy
   Affirms the role of women in nation building
   Ensures the substantive equality of women and men;
   Condemns discrimination against women, in keeping with
    CEDAW and other International Instruments, consistent
    with Philippine Law;
   Affirms women’s rights as human rights;
   Provides for the intensification of efforts to fulfill its duties
    under international and domestic law to recognize, respect,
    protect, fulfill and promote women’s rights and freedom,
    especially marginalized women, in all fields
   Reaffirms the right of women to participate in policy
    formulation, planning, organization, implementation,
    management monitoring, and evaluation of all policies,
    programs and services that affect them
Chapter I: General Provisions
 Principles of Human Rights of Women
   Universal and Inalienable: all human beings are free and
    equal in dignity and rights;
   Indivisible: inherent to the dignity of every human being
    whether in civil, cultural, economic, political or social
   Interdependent and interrelated: the fulfillment of one
    right often depends, wholly or in part upon the fulfillment
    of others;
   All individuals are equal as human beings by virtue of the
    inherent dignity of each human person
   Rights-based approach principles
Chapter II: Definition of Terms
 Defines Discrimination Against Women in accordance
  with the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
  Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW).
 Discrimination Against Women also include:
   any act or omission that directly or indirectly excludes or restricts
    women in the recognition and promotion of their rights and their access
    to and enjoyment of opportunities, benefits, or privileges

   measures or practices of general application that fail to provide for
    mechanisms to offset or address sex or gender-based disadvantages or
    limitations of women, as a result of which women are denied or
    restricted in the recognition and protection of their rights

   measures or practices of general application which resulted to greater
    adverse effects to women, more than men
    Chapter II: Definition of Terms
 Defines marginalized sector to include women in the
  following sectors and groups:
    - Small Farmers and Rural Workers
    - Fisherfolk
    - Urban Poor
    - Workers in the Formal Economy
    - Workers in the Informal Economy
    - Migrant Workers
    - Indigenous Peoples
    - Moro
    - Children
    - Senior Citizens
    - Persons with Disabilities
    - Solo Parents
Chapter II: Definition of Terms
 Defines the following terms:
   Substantive Equality
   Gender Equality
   Gender Equity
   Gender and Development (GAD)
   Gender Mainstreaming
   Temporary Special Measures
   Violence AgainstWomen (VAW)
   Women in the Military
   Social Protection
Chapter III: Duties Related to the
Human Rights of Women

 Provides that the State, private sector, society in general, and
  all individuals shall contribute to the recognition, respect and
  promotion of the rights of women defined and guaranteed
  under the Act.

 The Chapter also includes the following sections:
    The State as the Primary Duty-Bearer
    Duties of the State Agencies and Instrumentalities
    Suppletory Effect
Chapter IV: Rights and Empowerment
 Human Rights of Women include all rights in the
  Constitution and those rights recognized under
  international instruments duly signed and ratified by the
  Philippines, in consonance with Philippine law, which
  shall be enjoyed without discrimination
Chapter IV: Rights and Empowerment
 Right to Protection from Violence
   Incremental increase in the recruitment and training of
    women in fields that provide services for women victims of
    gender-related offenses
   Protection and security in situations of armed conflict and
   Mandatory human rights and gender-sensitivity training for
    all government personnel involved in the protection and
    defense of women against gender-based violence
   Establishment of VAW Desk in every barangay
Chapter IV: Rights and Empowerment
 Right to protection and security in times of disasters,
  calamities, and other crisis situations
 Right to participation and representation: includes
  undertaking temporary special measures and affirmative
  actions to accelerate and ensure women’s equitable
  participation and representation in third level civil
  service, development councils and planning bodies,
  international bodies, political parties, private sector, and
  other policy and decision-making bodies.
Chapter IV: Rights and Empowerment

 Right to equal treatment before the law –
  requires review and, if necessary, amendment
  or repeal of laws that are discriminatory to
  women within three (3) years from the
  effectivity of the MCW
Chapter IV: Rights and Empowerment
 Right to equal access and elimination of discrimination in
  education, scholarships, and training:
   Use of gender-sensitive language and revision of gender stereotypes
    and images in educational materials and curricula
   Encouraging enrollment of women in non-traditional skills training
    in vocational and tertiary levels
   Outlawing the expulsion and non-readmission of women faculty due
    to pregnancy outside of marriage
   Prohibiting schools from turning out or refusing admission to a
    female student solely on the account of her having contracted
    pregnancy outside of marriage during her term in school.
Chapter IV: Rights and Empowerment

 Participation of women and girls in sports

 Elimination of discrimination against women in the
  military, police and other similar services

 Non-discriminatory and non-derogatory portrayal of
  women in media and film
Chapter IV: Rights and Empowerment
  Right to Health
    A. Comprehensive Health Services ensures access to the
     following services:
      Maternal care to include pre and post natal services to address pregnancy
       and infant health and nutrition
      Promotion of breastfeeding
      Responsible, legal, safe and effective methods of family planning
      Family and State collaboration in youth sexuality education and health
Chapter IV: Rights and Empowerment
  Right to Health
    A. Comprehensive Health Services ensures access to the
     following services:
      Prevention and management of RTI, STD and HIV/AIDS
      Prevention and management of reproductive tract cancers and other
       gynecological conditions and disorders
      Prevention of abortion and management of pregnancy-related
Chapter IV: Rights and Empowerment
  Right to Health
    A. Comprehensive Health Services ensures access to the
     following services:
      Services for survivors of VAW
      Prevention and management of infertility and sexual dysfunction pursuant
       to ethical norms and standards
      Care of the elderly women beyond their child-bearing years
      Management, treatment and intervention of mental health problems or
       women and girls
      Promotion of healthy lifestyle activities
Chapter IV: Rights and Empowerment
  Right to Health
    B. Comprehensive health information and education on all
     aspects of women’s health referred to in para. A, for women in
     all sectors, with due regard to:
      Natural and primary right and duty of parents in rearing the youth
      Formation of a person’s sexuality that affirms human dignity
      Legal, ethical, safe and effective family planning methods including
       fertility awareness
Chapter IV: Rights and Empowerment
  Special leave benefit of 2 months with full pay following
   surgery caused by gynecological disorders

  Equal rights in all matters relating to marriage and family
Chapter V: Rights and Empowerment of
Marginalized Sectors
 Right to Food Security and Productive Resources
 Right to Housing
 Right to Decent Work
 Right to Livelihood, Credit, Capital, and Technology
 Right to education and Training
 Right to Representation and Participation
 Right to Information
 Social Protection
Chapter V: Rights and Empowerment of
Marginalized Sectors
 Recognition and Preservation of Cultural Identity and Integrity
 Peace and Development
   Participation in discussions and decision-making in the peace process
   Inclusion of women’s concerns in the peace agenda
   Consideration for the specific needs of women and girls in the protection of
    civilians in conflict-affected communities
   Inclusion of peace perspective in education curriculum
   Recognition and support for women’s role in conflict-preventions, management
    and resolution and peacemaking, and in indigenous systems of conflict
Chapter V: Rights and Empowerment of
Marginalized Sectors
 Services and Interventions for women in especially
  difficult circumstances
 Protection of Girl-Children
 Protection of Senior Citizens
 Recognition and protection of women’s rights defined
  under the MCW, including right to non-discrimination
 Prohibition of discrimination against women
Chapter VI: Institutional Mechanisms
 Gender Mainstreaming as a strategy to implement the
  Magna Carta of Women
   Assessment and if necessary, modification of the gender
    mainstreaming program to ensure that it will be an effective
    strategy for implementing the MCW
   GAD planning, budgeting, monitoring and evaluation
   COA’s conduct of annual audit on the use of the GAD budget
   Creation/strengthening of GAD Focal Points
   Gender Focal Point Officer in Philippine Embassies and
Chapter VI: Institutional Mechanisms
 Strengthens the National Commission on the Role of
  Filipino women (NCRFW) as the government's policy
  making and coordinating body on women's
  empowerment and gender equality concerns, and
  renaming it to Philippine Commission on Women (PCW)
 Designates the Commission on Human Rights as Gender
  and Development (GAD) Ombud, to act on
  investigations and complaints of discrimination and
  violations of women's rights
 Monitoring of progress and implementation
Chapter VI: Institutional Mechanisms
 Penal provisions
 Establishment of incentives and awards systems
 Funding: 5% GAD budget to be utilized for the programs
  and activities to implement the MCW
 Implementing rules and regulations shall be formulated
  within 180 days after effectivity
Thank you!

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