• View this short clip and then discuses who you
believe to be a leader. They may be someone
famous or someone in our community.
• You Tube:
• As a leader, health care workers are called
upon to influence the well being or safety of
• Since original perceptions can
change through the course of
time, selecting a leader is an
• Name some people you think of as leaders.
• A leader is a person who directs with
authority and influence.
• A leader is one who
– facilitates process
– influences others to follow.
• People often have higher expectations for a
• A willingness to lead
• Acceptance by those to be led
• The ability to identify and organize goals
• Good work ethics
• Leadership can be defined as deliberately
causing people-driven actions in a planned
fashion for the purpose of accomplishing
the leader’s agenda.
• Quality healthcare is
dependent on teamwork
• As a healthcare worker, you are part of a team.
You may be on some teams at school. What are
• Set the agenda by defining goals and desired
• Keep the meeting on task
• Brainstorm ideas
• Resolve differences by consensus
• Assign follow-up tasks and items
• Evaluate the session and end on time
GROUPS BRAINSTORM TO
• Define the problem
• Set the ground rules
– Treat participants with respect
– All ideas have value
• Document ideas
GROUPS REACH CONSENSUS
Consensus is a decision in which everyone
participates in creating and everyone can live
with and support.
– Develop criteria for the decision
– Find areas of common agreement
(what do we all agree on)
– Develop a consensus decision
– Ask for a show of consensus
CONFLICT IS “OK” IF MANAGED
• Conflict is essential to critical thinking because
members must feel the freedom to differ
• Manage constructively
– Use ground rules (ex. – no interruptions while
– Acknowledge differences as
– Look for common ground
and identify alternatives
– Resolve quickly by consensus
ROLES OF TEAM MEMBERS
• Determined by personalities, qualities, & values
• Some of the qualities of team members include:
– Belief in consensus
– Pride in the organization
– Value of individual differences
– Appreciation of diversity
– Critical Thinking
• You will be divided into 6 groups with 5-6 people in each
group. You will work with those sitting around you.
• Using only the supplies provided, your group should create
a futuristic looking ambulance.
• You must work together as a team.
• Use all the supplies provided , including the plastic bag.
• There is a 20 minute time limit to complete the task. No
additional time will be given.
• You will present your ambulance to the class.
• Ready, Set, GO……
What Kind of Leader are You?
• One who gets the group started.
• Example - “OK… so who wants
to take notes?, who wants to make
the poster, etc…”
• One who clarifies or explains other
team members ideas.
• Example - “I think what she is
trying to say is…..”
• One who gives critical analysis of the
• Example - “What happens if we do it
this way instead of that way?”
• One who tries to reduce tension and
reduce differences among group
• Example - “You both have good
• One who has a friendly attitude toward
members and encourage acceptance of
• Example - “I like that, that’s a good
• Always opposing ideas of group
• Example - “That’s not a good idea
or they will never go along with it”
• One who tries to manipulate the
• They often have their own hidden
• One who is always making jokes,
has a great time but does not
always add to the productivity of
• One who keeps the group on task -
keeps things rolling smoothly, and
watches the clock.
• Example - “We only have 15 minutes
left, what can we finish?”
• One who verbally attacks others.
• Example - “What are you thinking???
That is a dumb idea”