Theory of Moral Development
By: Gabby Ramirez
Born October 25, 1927, in Bronxville, New
He studied psychology at the University of
Chicago in the late 1940s and 1950s
He completed school in 1958
He died in 1987 of a possible suicide, know
one knowing the exact date.
Developed the theory of moral
He says as children develop of
identity and self awareness they also
develop a scenes of they also
develop a scenes of morality.
Levels and Stages of the Theory
Level One: Pre-conventional Morality
Stage One: Obedience and Punishment Orientation
Stage Two: Individualism and Exchange
Level Two: Conventional Morality
Stage Three: Good Interpersonal Relationships
Stage Four: Maintaining the Social Order
Level Three: Post-Conventional Morality
Stage Five: Social Contract and Individual Rights
Stage Six: Universal Principles.
Obedience and Punishment
Children obey because the adults around
them tell them to.
They Base there moral decision on fear to get
They don’t speak for themselves they, listen to
the “Big People” around them.
Individualism and Exchange
Individuals follow what they want to do and
expect everyone to do the same as well.
What they think is right involves equal
“What’s In it for me?”
“You scratch my back, I’ll scratch yours”
Good interpersonal relationships
Good boy/ Nice girl stage.
Wishing to please others.
This stage value trust, caring, and loyalty to others
for moral judgments.
How other people see them matters.
They avoid blame and seeking approval.
“Will people I like approve or disapprove of me?”
Maintaining the Social Order
Moral judgments are based on social law.
What is important for them to do the law right.
They obey authority because they want to do what
Rules should be followed to maintain social order.
Is my decision consistent with the rules?
Social Contract and Individual Rights
They compare the different beliefs of other’s,
there beliefs and the law and compare them.
Laws get in conflicts with moral principals.
Not just about the rules.
Is my decision consistent with general legal,
cultural, and social traditions.
Many people don’t get to this stage.
Look in one another's eyes.
Looks in god’s eyes
Generally what would got want me to do in
How can teachers use this?
Teachers will know what stage there student
They wont be worried about how do I know
what this kid thinks.
They would know how the kid thinks and
how they see things.
A paper made by Lawrence Kohlberg