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					          INTRODUCTION:
In the 1980’s, it was observed that the
number of disasters and their impacts were
increasing worldwide. This situation alarmed
the United Nation Organisation which held
various conferences on the issue, leading to
the UN declaration GAD 44/236 of 1989
declaring the 1990’s as the International
Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction
(IDNDR).
This was followed by the conference on Natural
Disaster Reduction held in Yokohama, Japan in
May 1994. The conference established the
International Strategy For Disaster Reduction
(ISDR) to replace the defunct IDNDR. The
Yokohama strategy for a “safe world” and its
plan of action mandated each country to
establish a permanent disaster management
organization.
               BACKGROUND:

National Disaster Management Organisation
(NADMO) was established by Act 517 of 1996 to
manage disasters and similar emergencies in the
country. It was structured and placed under the
Ministry of the Interior, to enable it coordinate
all the relevant civil authorities at the national,
regional and district levels.
NADMO functions under a National Secretariat,
ten (10) regional secretariats one hundred and
thirty-eight (138) metropolitan, municipal and
district secretariats and nine hundred (900)
zonal offices throughout the country.
                MANDATE:
NADMO exists to manage disasters by
coordinating the resources of government
institutions and non-governmental agencies and
developing the capacity of communities to
respond effectively to disasters and improve
their livelihood through social mobilization,
employment generation and poverty reduction
projects.
TYPES OF HAZARDS/DISASTERS:

1. Hydro-meteorological:

   Floods, Windstorm/Rainstorm,
   Drought and Tidal Waves.
2. Pest/Insect infestation:

  Armyworm, Anthrax, Blackfly,
  Locust, Larger Grain Borer etc.
3. Geological:

   Earthquake, Tsunamis, Mudslides
   Landslides etc.
4. Fires and lightning:

  Bush/wildfires and Domestic and
  Industrial fires and lightning.
5. Disease epidemics:

 Cholera, Yellow Fever,
 Cerebrospinal Meningitis
      (CSM).
            6. Man-made:

       Social conflicts, Collapse of
buildings, Mines, Aviation, Marine and
 Railway disasters, Dam burst and Oil
             spillage, etc.
                  FLOOD PRONE AREAS:
MUNICIPALITY/DISTRICT       FLOOD PRONE COMMUNITIES


GARU-TEMPANE DISTRICT       Nomboko, Bugri, Kugri Senebaga,
                            Kongo, Songo, Worikambo

BOLGATANGA MUNICIPALITY     Sawaba, Pobaga, Tindonsobligo, Kalbeo,
                            Damweo, Anateem

BONGO DISTRICT              Ayelbia, Adaboya, Beo, Gowrie, Nyariga,
                            Vea, Balungu

BUILSA DISTRICT             Sandema, Yipaala, Siniensi, Doninga,
                            Kadema, Chansa, Asubalik, Wiesi Uwasi,
                            Gbedembilisi

BAWKU-EAST MUNICIPAL        Mognori, Bazua, Bansi, Gentiga,
                            Kulungugu, Tampizua, Nafkulga
BAWKU-WEST DISTRICT         Sapeliga, Galaka, Gozongo, Googo,
                            Kobre, Yarigu, Saka, Zongoire
                FLOOD PRONE AREAS:
MUNICIPAL/DISTRICT              FLOOD PRONE COMMUNITIES


TALENSI-NABDAM DISTRICT         Pwalugu, Santeng, Yinduri, Datuku ,Vong,
                                Winkogo-Kular zone



KASSENA-NANKANA WEST DISTRICT   Gwonum, Agumayane, Akurugu Dabour,
                                Kyilo, Nakolo-Bugan, Bagtua



KASSENA-NANKANA EAST DISTRICT   Naaga, Pungu, Kolgo, Manyoro, Natugnia
EFFECTS OF FLOODS:
- Loss of life
- Injury
- Damage to and destruction of
   property
- Damage to and destruction of
   subsistence and cash crops
- Disruption of production
- Disruption of life style/rhythm of life
- Damage to infrastructure
- Disruption of government system
- Economic loss
- Sociological and psychological after
  effects
 SOME STATISTICS:
YEAR     NO. OF COLLAPSED   NO. OF DISPLACED   NO. OF DEATHS
         HOUSES             PEOPLE

2007     19,244             109,367            34

2008

2009

2010     338                9,085              14
HOW RELEVANT ARE MAPS IN
DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT:

1. In identifying safe havens

2. In doing hazard assessment

  - Causes: Is it related to the
    topography?

  - Location
3. In doing vulnerability assessment
       - Why are people vulnerable?
        Is it in relation to their location,
         land use etc
4. In doing capacity assessment
    - What assets do they have
      highlands, lowlands, etc

5. In structural mitigation – structural
measures being applied for disaster
mitigation, example; road and
transportation development, Hydro-
electric projects, bridges, etc
NADMO, PREVENTION
     PAYS!

   THANK YOU!

				
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posted:6/4/2012
language:English
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