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Interagency Response to Gang Violence


Response to Gang
Portland, Oregon
Portland Police Bureau Strategies:

   Due to the high number of shootings, officers from Portland Police Gang
    Enforcement Team (GET), Hotspot Enforcement Team (HEAT), Traffic Division,
    Transit Division and all three precincts are working together with Youth Gang
    Out Reach (City of Portland) and Department of Community Justice (Adult &
    Juvenile Services) on enhanced enforcement activity to proactively respond to
    and reduce gang violence.

   Portland Police added additional human resources in the wake of the rise in
    gang shootings.

   Gang Violence Response Team (GVRT); responds to the scenes of gang
    violence to assist in initial investigation. These are usually shootings where
    there is a victim or property damage. GVRT also responds to serious assaults,
    stabbings and other assaultive behavior when there is evidence of a gang
Portland Police Bureau Strategies (cont.):

   Number of Gang designations as of September 1, 2010 (provided by PPB
    Tactical Operations Division (GERT); 684 individuals, including 191 individuals
    added in 2010.

Day Shift Dedicated resources to Gang Activity:

   Six (6) Detectives and one Sergeant

   Officer Investigators -8 and one Sergeant

   Metro Gang Task Force - 2 Detached Officers

Afternoon Relief Dedicated Resources to Gang Activity:

   9 Officers (increased by 4), one Sergeant
 Office of Mayor Sam Adams

       Rob Ingram, Director
            (503) 823-3584
Tom Peavey, Policy Manager
            (503) 823-4180
OIS (Outreach Intervention Services) Grants
   Funded by City and ARRA (2 more years) resources
   Current grantee organizations:
      Emanuel Community Services, Brothers and Sisters Keepers, El Programa
        Hispana, IRCO Asian Family Services, & NAYA Youth and Family Center
   Funds are available for 10 full-time Outreach Workers and two coordinators
   New configuration seeks to increase Gang Outreach Workers and decrease
    administrative costs. (Boots on the ground)
   New objectives will focus on decreasing gang violence, shootings, and guns on
    the street
Gang Violence Prevention

   Violence Interrupters- In response to recent shootings, a small team of people
    with past involvement in gangs has been assembled to identify, locate and
    reach out to the highest risk population.

   Stop The Violence meetings- partnering with County, law enforcement,
    community providers, educators and clergy
OYVP (Office of Youth Violence Prevention)
Referral Programs (2009)
   OYVP/PPB Youth Referral Program –Initiated April 24 , 2009
      226 Forms have been received by the Office of Youth Violence Prevention
        and submitted to services.
      34% of the youth contacted accepted services.
      24% of youth contacted admitted gang involvement
      45% of the youth contacted were considered at risk based upon criteria
      Approximately 12% of youth contacted are female
OYVP Referral Programs (cont.)

   OYVP/ County DHS/ Community Partners Referral Program
      Crafter by the OYVP and Multnomah County Dept. of Human Services
      Includes the following community-based service providers:
          Lifeworks NW
          House of Umoja
          Youth Employment Institute
          IRCO

          NAYA

          Catholic Charities

          Brothers and Sisters Keepers
Department of Community Justice
    Adult Services Division
   Four experienced Parole and Probation Officers (PPO) who specialize in
    supervising gang offenders

   Gang Types: “Black Style Gangs” (including Crips, Bloods & all other splinter
    sets), Hispanic and Skin Heads

   250 gang offenders on formal supervision and approximately 75% are post
    prison cases (throughout Multnomah County)
Department of Community Justice Adult
Services Division Strategies
   Case management, based risk, need & responsivity
   Participate in Gang Violence Task Force Meeting
   Attend and participate in roll calls with Portland Police
   Participate in the regional I-5 coordinating meeting.
   Kate Desmond is DCJ’s Liaison for Dept. of Corrections security threat group,
    monitoring the information on offenders who will be released to Multnomah
   Out posting Parole & Parole (PPO’s) at locations such as New Columbia, Lloyd
    Center, East County hot spots and churches throughout the County.
   Increase home visits, field visits, appropriate searches, and conduct home
    visits with law enforcement to reflect a united stand.
   Assist with relocating offenders to other areas.
   Increase use of curfew, GPS and electronic monitoring, jail and other
    intervention as needed for offenders who are violating supervision.
Department of Community Justice
Juvenile Gang Intervention Team
   Five experienced Juvenile Court Counselors who specialize in supervising
    gang affected youth (12 to 18 years of age)

   Gang type: “Black Style Gangs” (including Crips, Bloods and all other splinter
    sets) , Hispanic, Skin Heads, Russian and Asian

   150 Gang affecting youth are on Formal Probation
Department of Community Justice
Juvenile Services Division Strategies
   Facilitate the “Stop the Violence Meetings”: Work directly with gang involved
    youth and adults in the impacted gang sets to spread a message of stopping
    the violence:

   “Back to School Night” Juvenile hosted this event in August 2010 to help
    prepare youth to return to school.

   Attend Breakfast Forums with members of faith-based community, and
    community leaders on gang issues.

   Develop safety plans for youth, offenders and their families in the community
    and when riding public transportation.

   Encouraging witnesses to step forward and report gang violence/crimes
Department of Community Justice
Juvenile Services Division Strategies (Cont.)
   Increase home visits, field visits, and appropriate searches.

   Increase use of curfew, community detention, and electronic monitoring, and
    other intervention as needed for youth offenders who are violating supervision.

   Place more high-risk youth - who do not have appropriate supervision at home-
    in treatment foster care to provide 24/7 supervision

   Engage and involve the parents of gang involved youth: a parents group for
    juveniles involved with the GRIT Program. The goal is to provide parents with
    information about the supervision process and the work the JCCs are doing
    with youth. The goal is to getting their buy in, commitment and support.
Department of Community Justice
Juvenile Services Division Strategies (Cont.)
   Create more employment opportunities for African American youth: Target
    employment programs for gang offenders - like “Thrift Store” and work with
    employers and programs that currently employ or want to employ youth

   At-Promise Mentoring Program: Work with the Faith-based community to
    reconnect gang involved youth with role model African-American mentors and
    pro-social activities in the community.

   Put more efforts in the area of prevention by working with youth who are in
    school to encourage them to stay in/engage in school and engage in pro-social

   Reconnect youth who are not in school back in school.
    Multnomah County Department of
    Community Justice:
   Mental Health Services
   Community Moral Voice (a best practice model for community
   Rental Space in High-Vice Apartment Complex (replicate New
    Columbia Model)
   Restorative Justice Model – to decrease number of expulsions
    and suspensions, and referrals to the juvenile justice system
    and keep students in school.
   Gang Bike Patrols
   Flex Funds
   GPS Monitoring
   Personnel Cost
Department of Community Human Services
   Department of County Human Services provide prevention,
    intervention, treatment and other supportive services for gang
    effected youth.
   IRCO - Immigrant & Refugee Community Organization
   NAYA - Native American Youth Association (Cultural Specific
   El Programo - Services for Hispanic Youth (Cultural Specific Services)
   Life works/ Umoja (Employment and Career Development)
   YEI – Youth Employment Institute

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