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Knee Replacement Surgery for Patients with Arthritis

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					Knee Replacement Surgery for Patients with Arthritis
Who needs Knee Replacement Surgery?

If you have a stiff, painful knee that makes it difficult for you to walk or perform the easiest tasks
the your doctor may recommend a series of different treatments to try to alleviate your pain. If
this doesn’t work, then your physician may consider knee replacement surgery. Generally, this
surgery is used only for patients that are over the age of 50 with severe osteoarthritis.

How does Knee Replacement Surgery Work?

Patients who undergo knee replacement surgery are first put under general anesthesia or spinal
anesthesia to numb you below the waist. Once this is done, an incision 8-12 inches long is made
in front of the knee. The damaged part of the knee is then removed from the surface of the bones
and the surfaces are then reshaped to hold a metal or plastic artificial joint. The artificial joint is
attached to the thigh bone shin and knee cap together with a special material. Once they are
placed back together, the attached artificial parts form the joint and rely on the surrounding
muscles and ligaments for support as well as function.

What Are Recent Advances in Knee Replacement Surgery?

Knee replacement surgery has revolutionized after the development of minimally invasive
surgery techniques. The key component that makes this approach successful is that it uses
specialized techniques and instruments to enable the surgeon to perform a major surgery without
having to make a large incision.

The minimally invasive knee surgery joint replacement requires a much smaller incision than the
standard approach. This less invasive approach results in less tissue damaged by allowing the
surgeon to work between the fibers of the quadriceps muscles instead of requiring an incision
through the tendon. This will result in shorter recovery time and better motion due to less scar
tissue formation.

How Long does it Take to Recover from Replacement Surgery?

Knee replacement surgery will require for patients to stay at the hospital fort at least 3-5 days.
Most of the patients that undergo knee joint replacement surgery notice dramatic improvement
within a month after surgery. The pain that was once caused by the damaged joint is relieved
when the new gliding surface is relieved when the new gliding surface is constructed during
surgery.

After knee surgery, patients are able to stand and move around as early as the next day. At first,
patients will need help to walk such as parallel bars and a walking device until their knee is able
to support their full body weight. Six weeks after surgery, most patients find themselves walking
around comfortably with minimal to no assistance. Once the muscle is completely restored
through physical therapy, patients are able to return doing the activities they love. For more
details, click here : http://www.ahluwalia.org/




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