Inequality by yurtgc548

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									                Inequality



The “Haves” and the “Have Nots”
                 Course Themes
   Inequality
    – Crime
          Corporate Crime
    – Health Issues
    – War and Conflict
    – Race / Ethnicity
    – Gender and Sexuality Issues
    – Education
    – Environment
Life Expectancy
   Falling child death
    rates

   Access to water and
    sanitation

   Immunizations
            More improvement
   Literacy rates increasing from 70-76% since 1995.

   Civil wars ended through negotiations with UN.

   More democracies.

    – Public protests to reduce corruption and increase
      democracy.
  Human
Development
   Index
   HDI includes
    – Income
    – Education
    – Health


   HDI rising except for
    Sub-Saharan Africa
           Sub-Saharan Africa
   Includes most of
    Africa, south of the
    Saharan desert.

   As a result of
    colonization and
    exploitation, is one of
    the poorest
    geographical regions
    in the world.
         Is the news all good?
   How bad is it really?

   Let’s create a seating chart based on the
    distribution of wealth in the world.

   If I were to distribute the chairs based on
    wealth distribution, this is what it would
    look like.
Distribution of Wealth
              The top 1% holds
               40% of the wealth.

              The top 10% holds
               85% of the wealth.

              The bottom 50% holds
               1% of the wealth.
                   How do you feel?
   How do you think this affects people around the world?

    – Although North America (US and Canada) has only 6% of the
      world adult population, it accounts for 34% of household
      wealth.

    – The study estimates that the global wealth Gini for
      adults is 89%.
          The same degree of inequality would be obtained if one
           person in a group of ten takes 99% of the total pie and the
           other nine share the remaining 1%.
Declining HDI
   Sub-Saharan Africa

   Former Soviet Union
                Global Inequality
   Income inequality (of about 6.5 billion)
     – 1 billion people live on less than $1 a day.
     – 1.5 billion more live on less than $2 a day.


   Water and sanitation
     – 1 billion lack access to safe water.
     – 2.6 billion lack access to adequate sanitation.


   Malnutrition
        Women and Children
   More than 10 million children die each year
    before their fifth birthday.

   An estimated 530,000 women die each year
    in pregnancy or childbirth.

   Simple interventions could prevent the
    majority of these deaths.
Convergence and Divergence
   China and India have improved in many
    aspects.

   Sub-Saharan Africa and the former Soviet
    Union nations have moved backwards.

   South Asia, the Middle East and Latin
    America have virtually stayed the same.
                     Overall
   The gap between the rich and poor nations are
    getting wider.

   Most poor (developing) nations are falling behind.

   Something as simple as lifting people above the $1
    a day line would only take 2% of the income of
    the wealthiest 10% of the population!
                 Coming Up
   Where does this inequality come from?

   A look at the fall of the former Soviet
    Union.

   What is life like for people working in poor
    nations to produce our goods?

								
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