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Income Gap and Poverty

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					   World Poverty


200500529 Sung-min, Kim
200503050 Shin-ae, Jeong
              <Nkhata's Family story>




Dominic Nkhata, 29 and his wife Patricia, 27 are a young Zambian couple with a two-year-old daughter.
The couple are also responsible for four orphans, the children of Dominic's deceased sisters.
Dominic works at a factory. Dominic earns 525,000 kwacha a month as his gross pay.
After tax and other deductions, he's left with only 300,000 kwacha - roughly $40 –
to take home with him. When Dominic brings money to home the first thing Patricia
does is to pay the rent, which takes up almost all the money. "After paying the rent", she says,
"I sometimes have only about 10,000 kwacha ($2) left. They have to live a month by only $2.

This story is not just related to this family. In many African countries you can easily find people who live $1 a day.

                                                                 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/4181939.stm
        Definition of Poverty
• Poverty is the state of being without the
  necessities of daily living, often associated
  with need, hardship and lack of resources
  across a wide range of circumstances.
  (theoretical)
• Countless reports - by the UN, the IMF and
  the World Bank - have testified that more
  than half of Africa's 800 million people live in
  absolute poverty. The benchmark for living in
  poverty is taken as having less than $1 a day.
  (practical)
   Poverty Facts and Stats(1)
• Half the world — nearly three billion people —
  live on less than two dollars a day.
• 20% of the population in the developed
  nations, consume 86% of the world’s goods.
• Today, across the world, 1.3 billion people
  live on less than one dollar a day; 3 billion
  live on under two dollars a day; 1.3 billion
  have no access to clean water; 3 billion have
  no access to sanitation; 2 billion have no
  access to electricity.
   Poverty Facts and Stats(2)
• The top fifth of the world’s people in the
  richest countries enjoy 82% of the expanding
  export trade and 68% of foreign direct
  investment — the bottom fifth, barely more
  than 1%.
• In 1960, the 20% of the world’s people in the
  richest countries had 30 times the income of
  the poorest 20% — in 1997, 74 times as
  much.
• A few hundred millionaires now own as much
  wealth as the world’s poorest 2.5 billion
  people.
  Poverty Facts and Stats(3)
• The lives of 1.7 million children will be
  needlessly lost this year [2000]
  because world governments have failed
  to reduce poverty levels.
• Approximately 790 million people in the
  developing world are still chronically
  undernourished, almost two-thirds of
  whom reside in Asia and the Pacific.
<Population living on less than $1 a day, 2000>

The Graph shows the population living on less that $1 a day.(2000).
You can find out that almost half of Sub-Saharan African people are living on less than $1 a day.
The second largest population that living on less than $1 a day is East Asian people.
        Causes of Poverty
1. Individual
• Poverty is explained by individual
   circumstances and/or characteristics
   of poor people.
2. Aggregate
   ① Case
   ② Generic
※Structural Adjustment (a major cause)
         Child Malnutrition
• Definition: Malnutrition is a general term
  for the medical condition in a person or
  animal caused by an unbalanced diet—
  either too little or too much food, or a
  diet missing one or more nutrients.
Africa
    Percentage of children under age
    5 suffering from malnutrition
                     33.00 to 68.00
                     24.00 to 32.99
                     14.00 to 23.99
                     8.00 to 13.99
                     1.00 to 7.99

   Most African countries have high percentage of child
   malnutrition. In Africa Mauritania and Ethiopia
   is the highest. In Asia Bangladesh is the highest.
   In Latin America Guatemala is the highest.
   In the Near East area Yemen is the highest.
   As you can see America and Europe are very low.
Latin America & Near East
Asia & Europe
North America & Oceania
      It's an african child who lost their parents.




They are african girls who are working instead of
going to school because they couldn't afford the money.
Huh?
                 Contents
•   Nkhata's Family story
•   Definition of Poverty
•   Poverty Facts and Stats
•   Causes of Poverty
•   Child Malnutrition
•   Pictures and illustrations
• http://www.ilo.org/p
  ublic/french/bureau/
  exrel/images/poverty
  .jpg
• 6 years old brother,
  and 3 years old
  sister begs to
  people. They lost
  their parents
  because of civil war
• http://images.wildm
  adagascar.org/pictur
  es/ankavandra/akav
  andra_kids_07.JPG
• This picture shows
  Children in
  Akavandra village.
  They are dying of
  hunger.
• http://www.alertnet.
  org/thefacts/imager
  epository/poverty%2
  0bangl%20kids250.j
  pg
• This picture show
  children of Central
  African Republic.
• http://lahore.metblo
  gs.com/photos/pove
  rty-thumb.jpg
• The eyes of all three
  individuals in this
  picture, seems like
  they have given up
  on life, surrendered.
  The man in the front
  lost his job because
  of war.
• http://www.nepaltrus
  t.org/image%5Cpov
  erty.jpg
• This picture shows
  very poor village in
  South Humla.
  Because of the
  earthquake, most of
  these houses are
  destroyed.
• http://as.wn.com/i/3
  d/e3806b320feacd.j
  pg
• A young girl looking
  for trash basket to
  find some food to
  eat.
• http://mpwatch.blog
  s.com/photos/uncat
  egorized/poverty.jpg
• She couldn’t eat
  anything for about 2
  weeks because of
  poverty. The only
  thing that she can
  do is just laying on
  the ground.
• http://www.ibiblio.org/p
  rism/mar98/poverty.gif
• Title- It Takes a Nation:
  A New Agenda for
  Fighting Poverty, by
  Rebecca Blank,
  Princeton University
  Press 1997
• This illustration criticize
  the policies of US
  welfare system.
• http://www.ceejayce
  e.net/photos/albums
  /makepovertyhistory/
  dscf0300.jpg
• This picture
  criticizes the
  developed countries
  actions about
  poverty because
  they don’t take
  positive actions.
• http://www.phpmagazin
  e.net/1_ill_blog_your_mi
  nd_reloaded_/get/povert
  y-g8.jpg
• We don’t actually
  understand what these
  people say, but we
  guess that developed
  countries exploit poor
  countries but they don’t
  pay fair fees or costs.

				
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