200500529 Sung-min, Kim
200503050 Shin-ae, Jeong
<Nkhata's Family story>
Dominic Nkhata, 29 and his wife Patricia, 27 are a young Zambian couple with a two-year-old daughter.
The couple are also responsible for four orphans, the children of Dominic's deceased sisters.
Dominic works at a factory. Dominic earns 525,000 kwacha a month as his gross pay.
After tax and other deductions, he's left with only 300,000 kwacha - roughly $40 –
to take home with him. When Dominic brings money to home the first thing Patricia
does is to pay the rent, which takes up almost all the money. "After paying the rent", she says,
"I sometimes have only about 10,000 kwacha ($2) left. They have to live a month by only $2.
This story is not just related to this family. In many African countries you can easily find people who live $1 a day.
Definition of Poverty
• Poverty is the state of being without the
necessities of daily living, often associated
with need, hardship and lack of resources
across a wide range of circumstances.
• Countless reports - by the UN, the IMF and
the World Bank - have testified that more
than half of Africa's 800 million people live in
absolute poverty. The benchmark for living in
poverty is taken as having less than $1 a day.
Poverty Facts and Stats(1)
• Half the world — nearly three billion people —
live on less than two dollars a day.
• 20% of the population in the developed
nations, consume 86% of the world’s goods.
• Today, across the world, 1.3 billion people
live on less than one dollar a day; 3 billion
live on under two dollars a day; 1.3 billion
have no access to clean water; 3 billion have
no access to sanitation; 2 billion have no
access to electricity.
Poverty Facts and Stats(2)
• The top fifth of the world’s people in the
richest countries enjoy 82% of the expanding
export trade and 68% of foreign direct
investment — the bottom fifth, barely more
• In 1960, the 20% of the world’s people in the
richest countries had 30 times the income of
the poorest 20% — in 1997, 74 times as
• A few hundred millionaires now own as much
wealth as the world’s poorest 2.5 billion
Poverty Facts and Stats(3)
• The lives of 1.7 million children will be
needlessly lost this year 
because world governments have failed
to reduce poverty levels.
• Approximately 790 million people in the
developing world are still chronically
undernourished, almost two-thirds of
whom reside in Asia and the Pacific.
<Population living on less than $1 a day, 2000>
The Graph shows the population living on less that $1 a day.(2000).
You can find out that almost half of Sub-Saharan African people are living on less than $1 a day.
The second largest population that living on less than $1 a day is East Asian people.
Causes of Poverty
• Poverty is explained by individual
circumstances and/or characteristics
of poor people.
※Structural Adjustment (a major cause)
• Definition: Malnutrition is a general term
for the medical condition in a person or
animal caused by an unbalanced diet—
either too little or too much food, or a
diet missing one or more nutrients.
Percentage of children under age
5 suffering from malnutrition
33.00 to 68.00
24.00 to 32.99
14.00 to 23.99
8.00 to 13.99
1.00 to 7.99
Most African countries have high percentage of child
malnutrition. In Africa Mauritania and Ethiopia
is the highest. In Asia Bangladesh is the highest.
In Latin America Guatemala is the highest.
In the Near East area Yemen is the highest.
As you can see America and Europe are very low.
Latin America & Near East
Asia & Europe
North America & Oceania
It's an african child who lost their parents.
They are african girls who are working instead of
going to school because they couldn't afford the money.
• Nkhata's Family story
• Definition of Poverty
• Poverty Facts and Stats
• Causes of Poverty
• Child Malnutrition
• Pictures and illustrations
• 6 years old brother,
and 3 years old
sister begs to
people. They lost
because of civil war
• This picture shows
They are dying of
• This picture show
children of Central
• The eyes of all three
individuals in this
picture, seems like
they have given up
on life, surrendered.
The man in the front
lost his job because
• This picture shows
very poor village in
Because of the
earthquake, most of
these houses are
• A young girl looking
for trash basket to
find some food to
• She couldn’t eat
anything for about 2
weeks because of
poverty. The only
thing that she can
do is just laying on
• Title- It Takes a Nation:
A New Agenda for
Fighting Poverty, by
• This illustration criticize
the policies of US
• This picture
they don’t take
• We don’t actually
understand what these
people say, but we
guess that developed
countries exploit poor
countries but they don’t
pay fair fees or costs.