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Building a Campfire

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					Building a Campfire
Objectives:
 1. Name the Components needed for
    making a fire
 2. Differentiate b/w tinder, kindling and
    fuel wood
 3. Explain 5 purposes of fire
 4. Explain how to put out a Fire
 5. Construct two styles of Campfires
 6. Sketch One Way Fire can be applied to
    Cooking in the Wilderness
Components for a Perfect
Fire are…
   The basic fire Triangle consists of
    three necessities. All three are
    needed to keep a fire going
     HEAT
     FUEL
     OXYGEN
   Tinder-
       bark, grasses, moss, newspaper
   Kindling-
       small sticks that will burn quickly. They will
        fuel the larger fuel wood. No bigger than 1”
        in diameter
   Fuel Wood-
       larger wood or split logs about 1’ – 2’ in
        length
Why do We Need Fire?

   Heat/Warmth
   Drying Clothing
   Cooking
   Light
   Bug Repellant
   Keeps Predators
    Away
How to put out a Fire:
 Water/Snow

 Dirt

 Spread apart the Logs

 If the ground/ashes feel hot to
  touch, the fire is not out!
 If the ground/ashes feel cold to
  touch, the fire is out!
   How to build a fire:




Tinder Style   Teepee Style   Teepee Style
                              or Log Cabin
Activity

   Construct a Tepee style campfire
    structure
       Check with your teacher to make sure
        it’s right
   Construct a Log Cabin style campfire
    structure
       Check with your teacher to make sure
        it’s right
        Do Not Write This Slide!


Steam Pit
         Do Not Write This Slide!


Spit Cooking
Do Not Write This Slide!
Do Not Write This Slide!
Do Not Write This Slide!
Do Not Write This Slide!
     Video Clips:

   http://dsc.discovery.com/videos/d
    ual-survival-2-fire-starter-pee.htm
       Discovery 1.06 Using Urine to Start
        Fire
   http://dsc.discovery.com/videos/m
    an-vs-wild-trying-to-create-
    fire.html
       Discovery 1.19 Starting Fire in the
        Rain
   http://dsc.discovery.com/videos/m
    an-woman-wild-ignite-the-fire.html
       Discovery 1.46 Making Fire in the
        Amazon
Building a Campfire Journal Entry
Please answer in complete sentences…
1. Explain in your own words the steps to
    build a campfire… (Use bullets and label
    most important and least important)
2. In your opinion list the reasons for
    making fire in order of most importance
    to least importance… (Use bullets and
    label most important and least important)
3. Explain one way you can use fire for
    cooking. Draw a sketch of the setup
    (1sentences + sketch)
4. In your professional survivalist opinion,
    name one pro and con of the teepee
    style structure and the log cabin style
    structure for campfires (bullets)
Outside Cooking Rules:
1.   Nothing goes into the campfire pit except paper!
2.   Put all garbage into the garbage can (not on the
     ground or fire pit)!
3.   Wash and dry all dishes/utensils/tools and return
     them into your Tribe Tupperware. Only use the
     yellow sponges.
4.   For each piece of garbage/utensils/tools left
     behind in the fire pit/shed area, the class is
     grounded for one day.
5.   If your tribe loses any materials/utensils, your
     entire tribe gets a 0 for the day and your tribe
     gets written up.

				
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posted:6/3/2012
language:English
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