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					ACTIVITY
       Anxiety
(Personal Connection)
      Ana Howard
    How do you define anxiety?
 Merriam Webster: “Anxiety is a state of intense
  apprehension, agitation, tension, and dread
  arising from a real or perceived threat of
  imminent danger.”
 Key phrase: “real or perceived threat of
  imminent danger”
       Tell-tale signs- Physical
             (Track meet)
       •   Difficulty getting breath or over-breathing
       •   Racing heart
       •   “Jelly legs”
       •   Excessive sweating
       •   Smothering sensation
       •   Numbness
       •   Out of body sensation
       •   Feeling that surroundings are unreal
       •   Difficulty falling asleep
       •   Avoidance
       •   Hot flashes
       •   Irritability
(Mayer, 3;28)
	
Tell-tale signs- Physical



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    Tell-tale signs- Emotional
         Difficulty concentrating
         Difficulty opening up
         Feeling out of control
         Depression
         Extreme self-consciousness
         Intense fear
         Fear of going insane
         Feeling trapped
         Confusion
         Strain on relationships
         Extreme dependence
(Mayer, 15)
Tell-tale signs- Emotional




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        Back to Introduction
 How did you feel?
 Did you feel any of these symptoms?
 Have you felt any of these before?
       If that’s not enough….
READ POSTER ON BOARD (note to self- make
 the poster that says this scenario)
       Back to Introduction
Now this may not be exactly how so and so
felt while doing this, because Marge has an
anxiety disorder. Marge’s symptoms may
be much more intense, but should be similar
Difference between anxiety and
       an anxiety disorder

     Anxiety      Anxiety Disorder

 Trigger          Out of nowhere
 Occasional       Huge impact
 Milder           Frequent
           Anxiety- Anatomy
 Brain/Nervous System
  – Cerebellum
  – Brainstem
  – Neurotransmitters
(Kalinsanith)
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(anthropology.net)
          Anxiety- Anatomy
 Sympathetic Nervous System
  – Neurons
(Sheehan, 85-86)
           Anxiety- Anatomy
 Limbic System
  – Hypothalamus
  – Cingulate gyrus
  – Ventral tegmental
  – Basal ganglia
(Sheehan, 133-135)
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(Artem)
ACTIVITY
           Anxiety Disorders-
            Characteristics
 Social Phobia
  – Fear of embarrassing self
  – Fear of judgment
  – Hypersensitive to criticism
(Sheehan, 135)
           Social Phobia
 Video
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qRRemY
  uSwII&feature=related
 Time: Start to :26 seconds
           Anxiety Disorders-
            Characteristics
 PTSD
  – Reliving traumatic event
  – Hallucinations
  – Flashbacks
(Mayer, 78-79)
                  PTSD
 Video- This Emotional Life
         Anxiety Disorders-
          Characteristics
 OCD
  – Obsessions
  – Compulsions
(Mayer, 75-77)
                  OCD
 The OCD Project Video
 http://www.vh1.com/video/misc/533319/gas-
  pump.jhtml#id=1642629
 Time: Start at 1:50
          Anxiety Disorders-
           Characteristics
 GAD
  – Excessive worry
  – Everything
(Mayer, 99-102)
                 GAD
 Video
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XibemyrZ
  g8k&NR=1
    Anxiety Disorders- Anatomy
SOCIAL PHOBIA
• Pre-frontal cortex
• Amygdala
(Mayer, 55-57)
   Anxiety Disorders- Anatomy
PTSD
• Amygdala
• Hippocampus
(Mayer, 78-79)
   Anxiety Disorders- Anatomy
OCD
 Lateral OFC (Orbitofrontal Cortex)
(Mayer, 75-77)
   Anxiety Disorders- Anatomy
GAD
• Basolateral amygdala
• Centromedial amygdala
(Mayer, 99-102)
           Parenting- Styles
 Permissive/ Indulgent- Characteristics
  – Excessively lenient
  – Avoidance of confrontation
  – Child regulates himself/herself
  – Emotional Warmth
  – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uD-
    8PcwYiVA&feature=related
(Dewar)
           Parenting- Styles
 Permissive/Indulgent- Implications
  – Disobedience
  – Lack of respect
  – Disregard for “unnecessary” tasks
  – High self-esteem
  – Better social skills
(Dewar)
             Parenting-Styles
 Authoritarian- Characteristics
  – Obedience oriented
  – Well structured home environment
  – Children must obey (no explanation needed)
  – Possible withdrawal of affection
  – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K8L85S4XMEs&featu
    re=related
(Dewar)
            Parenting-Styles
 Authoritarian- Implications
  – Poor social skills
  – Low self-esteem
  – Higher levels of depression
(Dewar)
            Parenting-Styles
 Authoritative- Characteristics
  – Clear standards in home environment
  – Assertive, not restrictive
  – Supportive discipline
  – Desire for social responsibility
  – http://www.mtv.com/videos/misc/453363/give-it-
    your-best.jhtml
  – Start to :55 seconds
(Dewar)
            Parenting-Styles
 Authoritative- Implications
  – Socially competent
  – Obedient
  – Better emotional health overall
(Dewar)
           Parenting-Styles
 Uninvolved
  – Low responsiveness: Parents----> Children
  – Rejection/Neglect of child
  – LOW demand from parents
  – Little to no moral support
  – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wUVfZJ4qvX
    k&feature=related
(Dewar)
            Parenting Styles
 Uninvolved- Implications
  – Low performance in all aspects
(Dewar)
ACTIVITY (discussion)
             Stigma- History
 Stigma surrounding mental illness
  – Middle ages- exorcisms
  – Early America- burned
  – 1920s- 1960s- torture, lobotomy, etc.
(Sharma)
              Stigma- Beliefs
   “Suck it up”
   70% (Sharma)
   Attention hogs
   “Crazy”
   “Dangerous”
             Stigma- Facts
 Leading cause of burden in U.S.
 15%
 More than all cancers combined
 273 billion
 55.4 billion
(NIMH)
            Stigma- Anxiety
 Anxiety IS a mental disorder
 80% - “Anxiety can be controlled if you are
  strong enough”
 80-90%- treatment
 33%- treatment
(Levy)
           Stigma- Scenario
 Have a poster with the two contrasting
  scenarios of girl with anxiety and then girl
  with a cough and fever
      Service Learning- What?
 Joined an anxiety support group for teen
  girls
     Stigma- Service Learning
 Didn’t comprehend the stigma fully
 Girls struggled
 Can’t comprehend
     Service Learning- How?
 Up close and personal
 Understood the consequences
 Heard stories
        Service Learning- Why?
   GAD
   Coping techniques
   Not alone
   Can’t blame myself
   Meant a lot
   Helped others
   Helped me
               Conclusion
 Why is this relevant?
           Conclusion




    ACTIVITY
(Breathing activity, mindfulness
 activity)
                                                                   Bibliography
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This Emotional Life. Dir. Richard Hutton, Paula S. Apsell, Peter Kunhardt, and Dyllna
                                             McGee. Pef. Daniel Gilbert. PBS, 2010. DVD.

				
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