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مراجعة عامة

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مراجعة عامة Powered By Docstoc
					          ‫ت‬            ‫( ل ا‬                    ‫ا‬       ‫)‬       ‫ر‬                                                      ‫نا‬            ‫ا ا‬
                                                                                                                                            ‫‪(I‬‬




                              ‫ر.‬      ‫ا‬   ‫ا‬     ‫د‬       ‫ر‬        ‫ا‬                ‫ره‬        ‫لا‬            ‫ه ا‬                  ‫ا‬         ‫1( ا‬
       ‫ب: ‪ λ‬و‬      ‫إ‬        ‫‪ S‬و‬       ‫ور آ ا‬        ‫و‬           ‫ةز‬        ‫ل‬             ‫ا‬                ‫ا‬        ‫ه ا‬                 ‫و لا‬
                                                                                                              ‫: ‪λ = v.T‬‬             ‫ا‬      ‫ا‬
‫-------------------------------------------------------------------------------‬


‫-----------------------------------------------------------------------------‬
                                        ‫‪3λ‬‬
                       ‫‪.v‬‬            ‫=‪d‬‬     ‫:‬      ‫ا‬            ‫ا‬    ‫1‪، t‬‬                            ‫ا‬          ‫ا‬          ‫ل‬           ‫3(‬
                                         ‫2‬
                                      ‫2− 01 × 4 × 3 ‪3λ‬‬                                                                ‫‪3λ‬‬
                               ‫= 1‪. t‬‬     ‫=‬             ‫: ‪= 0,03s = 30ms‬‬                             ‫= 1‪ d = v.t‬و‬        ‫إذن :‬
                                      ‫‪2v‬‬     ‫‪2 × 2m / s‬‬                                                                ‫2‬
‫-------------------------------------------------------------------------------‬
                                                                                                                                    ‫4(4-1‬
                                                                                            ‫: ‪λ = 4cm‬‬
                                            ‫ا ر.‬          ‫ا‬       ‫ان‬      ‫ن ‪ S‬و 1‪M‬‬        ‫‪ SM 1 = 12cm = 3λ‬ا‬
                                                                                         ‫ا ر.‬         ‫ا‬        ‫ان‬
                                                     ‫: ‪ S‬و2‪M‬‬            ‫أن ‪ SM 2 = 8cm = 2λ‬ن ا‬             ‫وآ :‬
‫----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------‬
        ‫ا ، : ‪y S max = 0,5cm = 0,005m‬‬                            ‫ا‬       ‫لا‬               ‫‪ S‬ا‬         ‫ا‬        ‫4-2:‬




                                   ‫ر، ن ‪y M 1 = 0,005cm‬‬         ‫ا‬             ‫ا‬        ‫ان‬        ‫‪ S‬و 1‪M‬‬                    ‫ا‬    ‫أن‬
                               ‫ر، ن ‪y M 2 = 0,005cm‬‬         ‫ا‬             ‫ا‬        ‫ان‬           ‫‪ S‬و2‪M‬‬                  ‫ا‬       ‫أن‬      ‫و‬
‫-------------------------------------------------------------------------------‬
                                                                                                                    ‫ا ه ي.‬             ‫5( ا( ا‬
                                                                    ‫آ .‬       ‫ا‬             ‫آ‬    ‫ا‬        ‫ا‬                    ‫ه‬      ‫ب( آ‬


                                                            ‫1‬
                                                                                                                              ‫‪( II‬‬




                                                                            ‫1‬ ‫1‬
                                                                      ‫=‪T‬‬       ‫‪= 5 × 10 − 2 s‬‬
                                                                                  ‫=‬             ‫1(1- 1: ا ور:‬
                                                                      ‫02 ‪υ‬‬
                                                      ‫: ‪λ = vT = 0,4m / s × 5 × 10 −2 = 0,02m = 2cm‬‬     ‫لا‬
‫-------------------------------------------------------------------------------‬
‫‪d = vt‬‬     ‫ا‬           ‫ا‬     ‫ن‬       ‫ل ا ة ‪، t = 6,25 × 10 −2 s‬‬                    ‫‪: t=o‬‬           ‫ا‬       ‫أ‬   ‫أن ‪S‬‬       ‫1-2:‬
                                                                                                                                 ‫ا‬
                                                                                             ‫2−‬
                                                         ‫أي: ‪d = 0,4m / s × 6,25 × 10 s = 0,025m‬‬
                                                                 ‫‪d‬‬
                                        ‫.‬       ‫أي : ‪d = 1,25λ‬‬      ‫أن: 52,1 =‬      ‫‪λ‬‬        ‫ر‬   ‫و‬
                                                                          ‫‪λ‬‬
                                                               ‫:‬      ‫ا‬               ‫ه ا‬         ‫ا ء‬                         ‫وه ا‬



          ‫‪t=o‬‬          ‫ا‬         ‫ا‬          ‫آ‬     ‫أ‬          ‫ر أن ا‬           ‫وذ‬
‫-------------------------------------------------------------------------------‬
                                                                                      ‫ا ه ي.‬               ‫ا و :ا‬         ‫ا‬    ‫2(-‬
         ‫ر . دده ‪υ a = υ − υ e = 20 − 19 = 1Hz‬‬                ‫آ ا‬                                      ‫ه‬     ‫: آ‬      ‫ا‬       ‫-و‬
‫-------------------------------------------------------------------------------‬
                                                                           ‫‪(III‬‬




                                 ‫ا ء.‬                         ‫‪ S‬و‬         ‫ا‬                 ‫ت دا‬                      ‫1-1:‬



                                                         ‫2‬
                                                                                                                    1         1
                                                                                                          T=            =        = 10 − 2 s                 :2-1
                                                                                                                    υ        100
                      λ = vT = 5m / s × 10 −2 s = 5 × 10 −2 m = 5cm                                  ‫لا‬            ‫ه‬                ‫ذرو‬                         ‫ا‬
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    SM 1 5 × 10 −2 m
               θ1 =       =           = 0,01s = 10ms :   ‫ز‬                                       S                ‫آ ا‬       ‫ر‬          M1            ‫1-3: ا‬
                      v      5m / s
                        SM 2 15 × 10 −2 m
                  θ2 =      =             = 0,03s = 30ms :                                   ‫ز‬            S             ‫آ ا‬            ‫ر‬        M2      ‫ا‬
                         v       5m / s
                                                                                                                                 SM 1
                             .‫ر‬         ‫ا‬        ‫ا‬            ‫ان‬      M1 ‫ و‬S ⇐                   SM 1 = λ ‫إذن‬                               =1 :
                                                                                                                                       λ
                                                                                                                            SM 2
                        .‫ر‬    ‫ا‬             ‫ا‬            ‫ان‬        M2 ‫ و‬S ⇐           SM 2 = 3λ ‫إذن‬                                        =3 :         ‫و‬
                                                                                                                                 λ
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                           (IV




                                                                   λ = 8cm                                    ‫ا‬         ‫د‬          ‫ا‬        ‫را‬                  (1
                                                                                                                            :‫إذن‬
     λ       8 × 10 −2 m
T=       =               = 10 − 2 s                                                                                     :‫ إذن‬λ = vT : ‫أن‬                    ‫و‬
     v         8m / s
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             . t1               ‫لا ةا‬               d = 28cm            ‫ا‬                     ‫أن ا‬           ‫ا‬              ‫ل‬                       (2
                                                                                       d 28 × 10 −2 m
                                                                               t1 =      =             = 3,5 × 10 − 2 m / s :‫إذن‬
                                                                                       v      8m / s
                                                                                      SM 2 − SM 1 = 18 − 2 = 16cm = 4λ :1-3 (3
                                                                                        .‫ا ر‬        ‫ا‬     ‫ان‬      M 2 ‫ و‬M 1 : ‫إذن‬
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         .          ‫ا‬                ‫ا‬               ‫وذ‬      ‫ا‬   M 2 ‫ و‬M1                                                        :2-3
                                                                      . SM 2 = 2cm ‫ : و‬SM 1 = 18cm :‫و‬                                            ‫ا‬    ‫ا‬         ‫و‬
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     .        ‫ا‬                ‫أ‬      ‫ ا‬t1            ‫53 ه ا‬ms                       ‫أن‬                      : 2- 3




                                                                        3
                        .     ‫ا‬           ‫ا‬            ‫وذ‬    ‫ا‬      M 2 ‫ و‬M1
                                                 . SM 2 = 2cm ‫ : و‬SM 1 = 18cm :‫و‬         ‫ا‬            ‫و ا‬
                                                               −3
                                     . y1 = −0,5cm = −5 × 10 m : ‫ ه‬t1           ‫ا‬    M1            ‫إذن ا‬
                                                                  −3
                                        . y 2 = −0,5cm = −5 × 10 m : ‫ ه‬t1          ‫ا‬   M2             ‫وا‬
                                                                    .(1-3) ‫اب ا ال‬                       ‫-ه ا‬
                                                                                                             (V




                                                                      λ = 1cm = 10 −2 m :           ‫لا‬       (1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       ( 1Hz = 1s −1 :‫) ن‬                          v = λ .υ = 10 −2 m × 50 s −1 = 0,5m / s (2
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           . ‫ا‬     ‫ا‬        ‫ا ه ي‬             ‫ا‬        S     ‫آ ا‬      ‫دد‬     ‫و‬    ‫ض‬      ‫ن دد ا‬              (3
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      ‫را‬   ‫ا‬                        ‫ه‬     ‫آ‬                 ‫دد ا‬                 ‫ضأ‬       ‫4(4-1 إذا آ ن ددد ا‬
                                                                                                     . ‫ا ا‬
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  υ a = υ − υ e = 50 − 49 = 1Hz :       ‫آ ا ه‬      ‫4-2: دد ا‬
                                  ‫آ ا ه‬    ‫ : دد ا‬fréquence du mouvement apparent:                       υ       a

                                          . ‫دد ا ض‬              fréquence des éclairs              :         υe
                                                                  .S    ‫دد آ ا‬                           :   υ
                         v a = λ .υ a = 10 m / s × 1s = 0,01m / s : ‫ا ه‬
                                           −2        −1
                                                                               ‫ا را‬
               . 50cm / s ‫ا ا‬           ‫ا‬       ‫1 ر ان‬cm / s            ‫أن ا آ ا ه‬                           ‫و‬


                                                   4
                                                                                                            ‫‪(VII‬‬




                                                                                          ‫ت:‬                       ‫1( ا‬


                                           ‫25651‬
                              ‫+ 47,1 = 1‪n‬‬          ‫: 48,1 ≈‬
                                           ‫2 )004(‬
                                            ‫25651‬
                              ‫+ 47,1 = 2 ‪n‬‬         ‫77,1 ≈‬
                                           ‫2 )057(‬
‫-------------------------------------------------------------------------------‬
                                                               ‫'‪A = r + r‬‬             ‫ر‬      ‫2(1-2: زاو ا‬
                                                           ‫ا ول: ‪sin i = n sin r‬‬        ‫ا‬    ‫ر‬     ‫ا‬
                                                         ‫2: ' ‪n sin r ' = sin i‬‬       ‫ا‬    ‫ر‬     ‫ا‬
                                                                        ‫اف: ‪D = i + i '− A‬‬     ‫زاو ا‬
‫-------------------------------------------------------------------------------‬
                                   ‫28,0 55 ‪sin i sin‬‬
                         ‫= ‪sin r‬‬        ‫=‬      ‫=‬      ‫‪= 0,463 ⇐ sin i = n sin r‬‬                      ‫2-2:‬
                                     ‫‪n‬‬     ‫2‪n‬‬    ‫77,1‬
                                                                          ‫°6,72 = ‪r‬‬            ‫و‬ ‫:‬
                                                               ‫إذن: °4,23 = 6,72 − 06 = ‪r ' = A − r‬‬
                    ‫: 489,0 = 4,23 ‪sin i ' = n sin r ' = 1,77 × sin‬‬           ‫ا‬      ‫لا‬
                                                                                                     ‫°5,17 = ' ‪i‬‬
                                                          ‫ر:‬         ‫ا‬    ‫ع ا ارد‬                ‫اف ا‬          ‫ا‬
                             ‫°5,66 = 06 − 5,17 + 55 = ‪D = i + i '− A‬‬
‫-------------------------------------------------------------------------------‬
                                            ‫ر.‬              ‫ا‬    ‫دا ءا‬                ‫ه ة:‬           ‫ه ا‬       ‫3(‬
          ‫ل‬           ‫ر دا‬         ‫را‬       ‫ا‬        ‫ة أ اء ا د ا ن .و‬                 ‫ن‬                    ‫ا ءا‬
                                                         ‫25651‬
                                            ‫+ 47,1 = ‪n‬‬                    ‫ا‬         ‫ز آ‬          ‫ءا ي‬              ‫ا‬
                                                           ‫2‪λ‬‬
‫ف‬             ‫ر‬   ‫ا او °55 = ‪ i‬ن زاو ا‬                ‫ر‬          ‫ا‬       ‫ن دان‬            ‫أن ا‬        ‫: ر‬



                                                 ‫5‬
  ‫ا ن‬     ‫أ‬       ‫إ‬             ‫اف‬     ‫زاو ا‬         ‫ن‬             ‫عو‬    ‫رآ ا‬     ‫إ‬
                                                                            .‫د‬    ‫ه ةا‬


SBIROAbdelkrim − Lycée. Abdellah.Chefchaouni + Lycée. Agricole − Oulad − Taima − Maroc
                      pour toute observation contacter mon émail
                         Email: sbiabdou@yahoo.fr




                                          6

				
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