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1945 - 1956

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1945 - 1956 Powered By Docstoc
					1945 - 1956


        Kulcsár Emese
        Szabó Anna
        Strauss Emma
        Groeneveld Lianda
        Vd Doel Evelien
               Introduction
   Conferences in Teheran, Yalta & Potsdam
   Europe divided in East and West
   Churchill, Roosevelt & Stalin
   Stalin, Truman & Attlee (new leaders)
             The Capitalism
   Western-Europe

   Truman Doctrine
    (USA will help
    countries when
    their freedom is
    being threated)
            The Capitalism


   Western world
    was headed by
    the USA
        Marks of Capitalism
   Democracy
   Freedom to give your opinion
   Freedom to have youre Religion
   Economic Freedom
   Prosperity
Capitalism
    Transition to Communism (1944-
                 1949)
   The Soviet Army in Hungary
    from September 1944.
   Alternative government in
    Debrecen on December 21,
    1944
   Budapest January 18, 1945.
   Zoltán Tildy became the
    provisional prime minister.
Election results
  1945 Hungary




                   Smallholders
                   Communists
                   Other Patrties
   Marshal Voroshilov
    established a coalition
    government with the
    communists holding some
    of the key posts.

   Mátyás Rákosi became
    deputy prime minister.
    László Rajk became
    minister of the interior
    and in this post
    established the security
    police (ÁVH).
     The communists gradually
       gained control of the
            government
 By 1948 the Social
    Democratic Party ceased
    to exist as an independent
    organization.
   Its leader sent to Siberia.
   Other opposition leaders:
1.  Anna Kéthly,
2.  Ferenc Nagy
3.  István Szabó imprisoned
    sent into exile.
          Stalinist Era (1949-1956)
   Several detention camps
    were established some of
    which served as
    annihilation camps to get
    rid of people opposing the
    cruel and inhuman system.



                         Recsk
The prison of the security
          police
      Changes after Stalin’s death
   In 1953, due to Stalin's death, there was a wave
    of protests and strikes, originating in Eastern
    Germany and going through to Czechoslovakia,
    Hungary, and Poland.
The End

				
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