The Roles of an Oncologist by simpanan.master3


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									The Roles of an Oncologist

By Antoinette Ayana

An Oncologist is a medical professional who is specifically trained to
diagnose and treat various types of cancer. They'll see patients with a
variety of cancers that invade many different areas of the body including
the lungs, skin, eyes, mouth, tongue, bones, lymph nodes, stomach, and
many other organs. This type of doctor is trained to observe the
symptoms, determine where the cancer is growing, and develop an effective
treatment plan to either eliminate or confine the cancer so it can't get
into other areas of the body. In the field of oncology many doctors
decide to specialize in one or more treatment areas.

Types of Oncology

A radiation oncologist is one who plans and oversees radiation treatments
for certain types of cancers. He'll develop a plan and work alongside the
other members of the radiology team to monitor the patient's progress and
adjust the treatment plan as necessary. He'll also help the patient deal
with the many possible side effects associated with radiology treatment.
These specialists complete nine years of school along with four years of
residency which is specifically focused on the field of radiation
oncology. They also undergo rigorous examination to become a certified
member of the American Board of Radiology.

Some oncologists choose to specialize in chemotherapy as their primary
treatment for cancer. In some severe cases, both chemotherapy and
radiation are used to shrink the tumors growing inside a patient's body.

When a tumor can easily be removed without damage to vital organs, a
surgical oncologist may also be included in the treatment plan. Surgical
removal is typically used when the tumor hasn't spread very far from its
original area of growth, so cancer that has spread further than its
origin is less likely to be helped through surgery. Even after surgery,
other medical treatments like chemotherapy and radiation will probably be
used to combat remaining cancer cells and prevent further growths.

The Vital Partnership of an Oncology Nurse

The role of the oncology nurse may be just as vital as the role played by
the medical oncologist who plans and performs cancer treatments. The
nurse is the one who is constantly assessing the patient's progress,
coordinating treatments, educating the patient and his family, and
continuing to learn more and more about cancer through specific hours of
research on recent developments in the field.

An oncology nurse is one of the first medical professionals to meet with
the newly diagnosed patient. At that first meeting, take his medical
history, look at any lab results that have come into the office, and
assess the patient's overall physical and emotional condition. Once
treatment is begun, she'll assess his physical and emotional state
through the treatment and afterwards. This record allows the doctor to
determine the best course of treatment and whether the current course
needs to be adjusted.

Along with assessment, the oncology nurse is responsible for educating
the patient and his family in the treatment that the patient will be
receiving. She'll also explain the type of cancer he has and how this
treatment will help.

Throughout the entire cancer treatment processes, both the nurse and the
oncologist will be researching their patient's condition to give him the
best care possible.

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