Research Method for Social Science
Objective: Society itself is a dynamic system. Several components are there. Human
resource is the chief sustaining part. But research on the human component only
keeping aside other organic and inorganic aids leads results that are valid for a very
temporary period. One must take the environment into account for any social
development project. Environment on the other hand involves both physical (like
lithosphere, atmosphere etc) and the social aspects (like socio-economic and cultural
Research projects can be undertaken at micro or macro level. It is preferable to
start with micro one and with selective motto. The findings at the micro level of study
may then be extended to the macro system keeping the motto intact but with open
outlook to have any unique findings so that secondary projects can be undertaken.
Introduction: A research worker must fix up his apparent target to start with. The project
must reflect the importance in relation to dynamic social developments befitting the need
of the time. Topic of research should be aimed at the collection of existing data along
with analysis complemented with the suggestions for remedial measures/course of
action to be taken by the appropriate authority. The findings/suggestions should help the
future planners of the area/country for the betterment of the existing conditions in the
society in that respect. Tokenism should be avoided. Suggestions should obviously keep
pace for further research on the same topic from a different angle and evolve idea for
new subjects of research.
Many theoretical models have been followed by the social scientists. Attempts
would be taken for help from any or some of the models wherever suitable.
Keeping all these in mind a researcher after selecting his/her topic should collect
data on the previous analogous works, study of theoretical models if there be any and
pinpoint his/her area of work. A researcher in this rapidly changing social environment
(e., g., rapid urbanization repression on women. increase in the sect ratio male/female
etc).All these can be cited through an instance as guide for a researcher as ‘demo’.
1.Collection of data with questionnaire or by any other method and views from earlier
works on similar topic.
2. Analogy and explanation of findings. May or may not be with graphical
3. Superiority of the mode of study with reasons.
Summarisation of the Findings and the opinions gathered. Critical analysis and
suggestions. etc etc,