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					Applying the “Major ICT developments since the last APIN session in China
  2004” of individual country reports to the 5 Strategies/Actions of APIN
                  Index


Bhutan                    Page 4

China                     Page 5

Fiji                      Page 6

India                     Page 10

Indonesia                 Page 13

Iran                      Page 14

Japan                     Page 15

Lao PDR                   Page 18

Malaysia                  Page 19

Maldives                  Page 21

Mongolia                  Page 22

Nepal                     Page 23

New Zealand               Page 24

The Philippines           Page 26

South Korea               Page 27

Sri Lanka                 Page 29

Thailand                  Page 30

Vietnam                   Page 33
BHUTAN


Strategy 1: Education, training and continuing professional development of
information personnel

      Support the creation of relevant digital educational materials in local languages

       - The Community Information Center (CIC) is set up in the rural communities
         with Internet, telephone, fax and photocopying services

      Support Workshops and training programmes

       - ICTization of schools has been successfully implemented at 100 community
         primary schools providing 2 computers and a printer with Internet facilities for a
         year and teachers trained on basic computing skills

Strategy 3: Harnessing ICT resources

      Collaboration and cooperation in the development of information

       -To promote e-Governance through the use of ICT at Dzongkhags, Dzongkhag
        Web Template has been developed for 20 Dzongkhags
       -The Buthan Portal is the first step towards promoting a one-stop source for all
        information on Bhutan and a “one-window” system for online e-services

      Encourage the development, deployment and use of free and / or open source
       software

       -Buthan Civil Registration System (Ministry of Home & Cultural Affairs) and the
        online processing of travel documents (Ministry of Foreign Affairs) are under
        development


Strategy 5: Alliances and partnerships

      Development and use of resource sharing systems

       -Thimphu Wide Area Network (WAN) (optic fibre) ongoing project will connect
        all the government agencies, larger corporations and autonomous agencies
       -LabourNet (Ministry of Labour and Human Resources) is online

Fall out

       -The East-West Backbone Microwave Transmission Network & Fiber Optic
        Transmission System upgraded from 34Mbps (PDH) to 155 Mbps (SDH)
-Local Area Network (LAN) with Internet access has been set up in all 20
 Dzongkhags
-Nationwide Television Broadcasting (Initially, Bhutan Broadcasting Service
 Corporation (BBSC) Tv transmission was limited to Thimphu and Phuentsholing
 due to lack of an appropriate medium to broadcast across the entire nation)
-The ongoing Rural Telecommunications Project will provide voice telephony
  and Internet services to 88 additional Gewogs through extending 2,544
  connections
 - The digital signature is being established with the help of ITU
 - Two private newspapers were licensed in February 2006. Bhutan Times
     launched its paper on 30 April 2006 and Buthan Observer started operations
     on 02 June 2006
 - BBSC FM was the only radio service until 11 November 2006 when Kuzoo
     FM 90, a new FM radio service, was established in the capital city
 - Two call centres, including a Medical Transcription Center, are in the process
     of being established
CHINA

Major ICT development since the last APIN session in China 2004:

Strategy 3: Harnessing ICT resources

      Collaboration and cooperation in the development of information tools

       - ICT plays important role in the construction of new countryside. State council,
         ministry of agriculture, ministry of information industry, and China
         Telecommunications Corporation implement several schemes to enhance ICT
         infrastructure in the countryside.


Strategy 4: Awareness raising and promotion

      Promote the development of National Information policies

       -Law, regulation and standards of Information industry have been established
        eventually, such as “Electronic signature law”, “ICT Statue”, “regulation for the
        foreign investigate in ICT enterprises”, and 41 relative decrees of Ministry of
        information industry of China.

       -Information security enhanced. With the implement of national information
        security strategy, the manage system and working mechanism has been set up.

Strategy 5: Alliances and partnerships

      Development and use of resource sharing systems

       -After E-government hardware and software have be equipped in each level of
        Chinese government, now Chinese E-governments is focus on the governmental
        information transparent, information resource sharing, and capability of public
        services.



Fall out

-The fast development of ICT industry contributes more and more to the economy
increasing.
In 2005, ICT industry Contributes16.6% to the economy improvement. ICT Products
occupied 30% of gross export value. China has owned a series of key technology with
intellectual property right, and the competitiveness of some state-owned enterprises
increase eventually.
-The application of ICT in Chinese economy and society becomes more and more
effectively and efficiently. Informatization level increased quickly in the industries of
energy, transport, metallurgy, machinery and chemical engineering, as well as in the
traditional service businesses of education, bank, cultures, and so on.

-Construction and utilization of Information resource has begun and Chinese information
in Internet increase rapidly.
FIJI

Major ICT Developments since 2004


Strategy 3: Harnessing ICT resources

      Collaboration and cooperation in the development of information tools

           o   Japan-Pacific Centre for ICT: JICA and USP will develop a F$30m centre
               (building and equipment) as bilateral aid between Fiji and Japan. It will have
               teaching spaces, laboratories, offices, incubator space, a digitization unit (to be
               coordinated by the Library), and a state-of-the-art multi-purpose theatre. It will
               bring together USP units that teach, research and work in ICT and develop
               partnerships with industry and SME’s. Completion scheduled January 2008, but
               plans now suspended indefinitely due to Fiji’s current political problems.

      Encourage the development, deployment and use of free and/or open source
       software

       -Free and Open Source Software: FOSS is becoming popular in the Pacific Islands
       nations. Applications have been implemented for libraries (koha and Greenstone),
       reporting tools, web content management, GIS, etc.

Strategy 4: Awareness raising and promotion

      Promote the preservation and archiving of digital heritage

       - Archives and Libraries
          -The Fiji Public Records Act Cap 108 of 1970 has been amended to meet the record
            management needs of the 21st Century as a result of technological, legislative and
            administrative changes. The amendment covers all recording mediums (traditional
            and electronic/digital mediums).
           -Also in the pipeline prior to the December 2006 coup was the Freedom of
            Information (FOI) Bill which will impact on more public records being made
            available for public scrutiny.
            -The Fiji National Archives building is being extended and upgraded to address long-
             term needs for storing records in all formats, including electronic/digital records and
             audio visual materials (total estimated project cost is $3.8m). The new complex is
             expected to be completed by December 2007.
             -The Fiji Government had also announced in September 2005 that it is planning to
              build a National Library. However, no definite plans have so far emerged in the
              public domain.
             -PNG: The National Library (a 1995 Independence gift from Australia) will be
              renovated at the cost of 7 million kina (approx. US$3m) as a 30th Independence
              anniversary gift by Australia. To be completed by Sept. 2007.
Strategy 5: Alliances and partnerships

       Encourage private and public partnerships
              -Tax-free zones: The Fiji Government has designated two tax-free zones for IT
              business, one of which is located at the USP Statham Street campus.


Fall out

The Pacific Regional Digital Strategy
 One of the four pillars of The Pacific Plan that was endorsed by leaders at the Pacific Islands
    Forum meeting in October 2005 as the framework for regional development to enhance and
    stimulate economic growth, sustainable development, good governance and security.
 Based on previous plans such as the Communication Action Plan (CAP) and Pacific Islands
    Information and Communications Technologies Policy and Strategic Plan (PIIPP)
 Establishes the priorities for the region: Improve access to ICT, Reduce costs, Establish
    higher bandwidth to the global ICT backbone, Remove inappropriate regulatory
    environments to foster higher levels of investment, Strengthen ICT skills.
 The Taskforce on Regional Approaches to Information and Communications Technologies
    (ICTs) in the Pacific was established in March 2006 to develop regional approaches to further
    the implementation of this Digital Strategy. It remains to be seen how the Digital Strategy
    will be implemented at local and national level.

Wireless technology
 Some countries are installing wireless broadband, highspeed ADSL2, WiFi WIMAX, etc.
 WiFi was introduced in Rarotonga through the Cook Islands’ Oyster Net division and
   Auckland’s Network Service Providers
 In 2005 Unwired Fiji launched its first privately-owned broadband wireless network. 3G
   mobile services are planned in Fiji, 2007.
 Internet Users Society-Niue (IUS-N): provides free Wifi Internet access using funds from the
   nu domain registrations. The Niue Computer Society, established in November 2004, trains
   people in the use of computers
 Vanuatu IT Users Society: wireless email networking in the HF band in the capital (Port Vila)
   as well as in the rural areas. Its Telecom launched high-capacity data radio late 2006.
 Samoa: Wireless broadband connections installed for some remote schools and communities
   during the PacINET Conference in 2006

New players
 VoIP and Skype are becoming popular and forcing telcos to upgrade to new technologies.
 Digicel Pacific (cellular services provider) entered the Pacific market with its acquisition of
   90% shareholding in Telecom Samoa (from Telecom NZ) in September 2006. The Samoan
   government owns the remaining 10%. Digicel Samoa will replace the TDMA (Time
   Division Multiple Access) network with the GSM (Global System for Mobiles) services for
   its 30,000 subscribers and will bring mobile phone services to an extra 180,000 people.
   Digicel Pacific has also been awarded licenses in PNG and Solomons (now on hold due to
   political problems), and a license in Fiji (only on principle and was very controversial). It is
   planning to also move into Tonga, Nauru and Kiribati.

Telecentres
   Solomons: The People First Network (PFnet) operates an email network with 17 rural access
    points (2005); it is also establishing a VSAT network of distance learning centres in rural
    communities.
   Samoa: Through the Fesootai Project, a network of telecentres is being established. They are
    run mostly by women’s committees with ITU support.
   Fiji: the Ministry of Education has collaborated with government’s IT Centre (in partnership
    with private sector) to launch the “Fiji e-Community Learning Centre Project” whereby
    networked computers are located in rural schools and public libraries for the use of schools
    and its communities. The first e- learning centre opened in Nadogo Secondary School,
    Macuata on 20 November 2005. E-learning centres were established at 12 rural schools in
    20061. As connectivity was restricted in some schools, Vsat dishes and routers were installed
    as well PCs and printers. ICT training for users has also been planned.

E-government
 Governments in the region are implementing e-government initiatives to improve
   functionality, enable better policy outcomes, improve service delivery and enable better
   interaction with citizens.
 For example, prior to the December 2006 coup, the Fiji Government had borrowed US$20
   million through the China Exim Bank for its e-government project covering an e-government
   Blueprint, e-government applications, government data centres, government info-
   communciation infrastructure, ICT competency development and training.


ICT Developments at USP (serves Cooks, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshalls, Nauru, Niue, Samoa,
Solomons, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu):
 USPNet Upgrade: The USPNet has been upgraded with new-generation ground equipment
    technology. USPNet is a Wide Area Network (WAN) incorporating a 5MHz IP Satellite
    technology to deliver and integrate distance learning, educational and administrative services
    throughout USP’s 12 member countries. The "Hub" is in Suva (Fiji) with a 7.6m antenna,
    with maximum transmit power of 100 watts. Students and staff participate in interactive
    audio/video lectures and tutorials, communicate by e-mail, access the WWW and in-house
    online services, access multimedia material via server downloads. To enable a uniform VSAT
    platform for ALL remote sites, there is an option to migrate the whole USPNet to operate on
    New Skies’ Global Beam. Further changes will take place in the near future.
 Global Development Learning Network: USP will host the Fiji hub of GDLN
 AARNet: USP was finally granted a license in September 2004 by the Fiji Government to
    link directly to the Australian Academic Research Network (AARNet). The link was
    inaugurated on 4 March 2005. Bandwidth increased dramatically from 1mbps to 155mbps.
    With improved Internet access, the Library made a strategic decision to purchase online
    resources (over print) for equal access across the 12 countries.
INDIA


MAJOR ICT DEVELOPMENT SINCE THE LAST APIN SESSION IN CHINA 2004

Strategy 1: Education, training and continuing professional development of
information personnel

       Support the creation of relevant digital educational materials in local languages

        - Electronic Indian Newspapers
            Apart from their print versions, several national and regional English-regional
            languages news papers are now available in electronic format and accessible on
            the web.
            Almost all the national English news papers, important regional languages
            newspapers (in regional languages like Assamese, Bengali, Hindi, Urdu, Tamil,
            Telugu, Kannada, Bengali, Malayalam) provide for contents on the web.
          - Language support for indigenous contents
             NEGP and DIT initatives help develop
                                    o software supporting Indian scripts
                                    o script software in Tamil, Telugu, Hindi, and
                                        Kannada have been distributed by DIT
                                    o capability to generate content in indigenous
                                        languages and scripts.
          - a growing emphasis on new ICT and building individual and institutional
               capabilities and

       Support Conferences

            -The period 2004-2007 marks organization/conduct of various seminars,
           conferences, national and global summits on ICT, Digital Libraries,
           Institutional Repositories, Open Archive Initiatives by various professional
           associations


Strategy 3: Harnessing ICT resources

       Collaboration and cooperation in the development of information tools

        -E-Readiness of Indian States

                  Partners -- Department of Information Technology (DIT), Government
                   of India (GOI) and
                  The National Council for Applied Economic Research (NCAER), a
                    premier research agency

                   States have used the e-readiness assessment reports to carve out the
                    road map for improving their network readiness as well as increasing
                    the penetration of ICT for economic development; In fact the states are
                    engaged in policy competition for improving the e-readiness.

          -   E-Readiness of countries in Asia & Pacific (UNESCO) Result of 2 surveys
              carried out for UNESCO (CI) and the Japanese Funds in Trust, by CAVAL
              Collaborative solutions, Australia

                   Mainly based on responses from the various experts on ICT and level
                    of electronic resources available in libraries.
                   The Survey indicates: Significant variations in the knowledge of, and
                    access to, the Internet and the required technology and infrastructure
                    from country to country.
                   Significant variations between urban and rural areas within each
                    country.
                   diffusion of knowledge, skills, technology and infrastructure from the
                    urban to the rural areas is either slow or not happening at all.


       Encourage the development, deployment and use of free and/or open source
        software

       -distribution, training and skill development on Open Software like Greenstone, e-
        print, Dspace, WINISIS and so on


Strategy 4: Awareness raising and promotion

       Promote the development of National Information policies

       -National E-Governance Plan (NEGP)

                    Draws up Action Plan for 2003-07
                    26 Mission mode ICT projects
                    8 support components to be implemented by the Central, State and
                     Local Governments.

       -Right to Information Act 2005

                   An Act to provide for setting out the practical regime of right to
                    information for citizens
                   to secure access to information under the control of public authorities
                   to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every
                   public authority.

     -National Knowledge Commission

                   high-level advisory body (with Dr Sam Pitroda in chair) to the
                    Prime Minister of India
                   set up with the objective of transforming India into a knowledge
                    society.
                   provides for a comprehensive action plan focusing on education,
                    health, water, research & development, S&T research and
                    infrastructure
                   The Knowledge Commission, in its first Report to the Nation, 2006,
                    besides emphasis on aspects on access to education, health care,
                    water and innovations and other priorities, also

                    o recommends reforming public libraries in a big way
                    o setting up a National Commission on Libraries
                    o prepare a national census of all libraries
                    o revamp LIS education, training and research facilities,
                    o encourage greater community participation in              library
                           management, and
                    o promote ICT applications in all libraries.

    Promote the preservation and archiving of digital heritage

     -development of Institutional Repositories, Digital Libraries and metadata
     harvesting
      centres


    Fall out

    emergence of new institutions like ISIM, IIITs, for building intellectual capital
     emerging out
INDONESIA

Major ICT Development Since The Last APIN Session In China 2004

Strategy 1: Education, training and continuing professional development of
information personnel

      Support Workshops and training programmes
          o Execute Training and Education;

Strategy 2: ICT and information literacy programmes focused at ‘bridging the
information and digital divide’

       Support Workshops and training programmes
       -Execute Seminar, Workshop and Symposium

      Support Awareness programmes
       -Promote Information For All Programmes;

Strategy 3: Harnessing ICT resources

      Collaboration and cooperation in the development of information tools

        - Coordination among relevant institutions;


Strategy 4: Awareness raising and promotion

      Promote the preservation and archiving of digital heritage

       -Coordinate on Memory Of the World;
       - Optimize the Regional Library.


Strategy 5: Alliances and partnerships

      Development and use of resource sharing systems

       -Development of Open Source Systems;


Fall out
    Campaign and socialization the Indonesian ICT white-paper;
    Develop Community Access Point;
    Develop gender mainstreaming on ICT;
      Socialized the freedom access for public information;

IRAN


Fall Out
    The ratio of domestic Data traffic to total telecomm traffic for the year 2004 was
       at 20% which grew to 24% in 2005 and 30% in 2006.
    National Internet Capacity was 1195 megabits for 2004. The figure rose to
       2480Mbits in 2004 and later to 6480Mbits in 2006.
    Internet Users penetration rose from 10% in 2004, to 14% in 2005. The figure
       rose to 18% by the end of 2006.
    Household internet connectivity within urban areas was 13.5% in 2004. The
       figure rose to 16.2% in 2005 and finally 20% in 2006.
    Rural Internet Connectivity for villages with population of 100 and more had been
       non-existent in 2004. By 2005 however, the figure rose to 500 villages and by the
       end of 2006 the figure passed the 1500 mark.
    In 2004, there was no ICT service outlet in rural areas. By 2005, the figure rose to
       2000. There are currently 4000 rural ICT service outlets.
    The average grace period to receive high-speed data communication was 30
       weeks in 2004. A year later this waiting period was cut to 25 weeks. Currently the
       average waiting time is 20 hours.
    High speed communication ports assigned were 13000 ports in 2004. In 2005 the
       figure rose to 170,000 ports and finally in 2006, 450,000 ports were assigned.
    In 2004, there was one host for every 10,000 Iranians. In 2005, this figure rose to
       14 hosts. There are currently 29 hosts per 10,000 Iranians.
    Finally, the last indicator is establishment of regional internet hubs. In 2004 the
       figure is non-existent, but in 2005, there was 155 Mbits and by 2006, there was
       465 Mbits.
JAPAN


Strategy 1: Education, training and continuing professional development of
information personnel
     Support the creation of relevant digital educational materials in local languages
          o Financial support to local governments starting in 2007 for the
              development of advanced ICT application models for local communities
              and the promotion of best practices nationwide.
     Support programs that give instructors the skills to use ICT and Open/Distance
       Learning (ODL) in education delivery
          o ICT manpower development

Strategy 2: ICT and information literacy programmes focused at ‘bridging the
information and digital divide’
     Support E-Learning programmes
          o Provision of PCs to schools
          o Development of Strategies and Models to Facilitate Access to Information
              in Local Communities
                   Financial support to local governments for developing regional
                    Public communication networks linking schools, libraries and city
                    halls by high speed and super-high speed communication systems.
                    As of July 2006, 72%of local governments developed such local
                    networks and it is expected to reach 100% by 2010.


Strategy 4: Awareness raising and promotion
    Promote the development of National Information policies
          o -Reaffirming the equitable balance between the interests of right-holders
             and the public interest
             The amendments were made in the provisions of the Copyright Law:
             amendment in 2003 (Effective in January 2004) made it permissible to
             publicly transmit or broadcast copyrighted teaching materials for school
             education programmes and to publicly transmit them over Internet for the
             purpose of examinations; 2006 amendment (Effective in July 2007) will
             enable Braille libraries and other institutions which provide information
             services to visually handicapped people to send audio works over Internet.

      Promote the preservation and archiving of digital heritage
          o Development of public domain content
             The National Diet Library (NDL) digitised approximately 127,000
             volumes of rare books and copyright-free books and makes them
             accessible on Internet. Also the Digital Archives Portal is currently under
             development for the NDL digital content and also for other digital
             archives In Japan.
           o Provisions of the Copyright Law to adjust to the latest developments in
             ICT


Fall Out

      -Facilitating access to networks and services
           o Support for Universal Access to Internet and Promoting Access to
           o Public Services on Internet
                     Improving Geographical Digital Divide in Broadband Networks
                            The U-Japan Policy Package sets the goal to develop by the
                               year 2010 an
                            advanced broadband society whereby Internet can be
                               accessible via
                            broadband by all citizens in the country. The broadband
                               networks in Japan is the fastest and lowest in cost in the
                               world.. Nonetheless there exists the gap in the
                               development among urban and rural areas. With a view to
                               reduce such digital divide, the government provides
                               financial supports to private businesses for the
                               improvement of broadband network infrastructure.
           o Promotion of Asia Broadband Programme
                     Formulation of an action programme to facilitate developing the
                       optimum
                     broadband environment in Asia.
           o Promotion of Barrier- Free Environment for the Elderly and the
                     Handicapped Citizens
                     Formulation of Guidelines for improving accessibility to Web
                       information;
                     Development of an Operational Model in 2005 for improving
                       access to
                     Internet and public websites.
      Development of the Mechanism on National and Local Levels to
      Facilitate the Universal Access to Internet with Affordable Cost
      The government drives forward the fair competition policy to encourage the
       existing local networks to open to new business. In private sector more new
       services are entering the market and efforts are made to reduce charges.

      -New ICT Policy 2006
          o The government published the new ICT national policy document entitled
             New IT Strategies in January 2006 and Priority Policy Programme 2006 in
             July 2006. This is the latest development of a series of ICT policies which
             started with the e-Japan Strategy published in January 2001.
          o The priority policy matters related to information and communication
             include, among others, for example:
          o Electronic government for compact and effective administration
o Creation of content for visually/auditory handicapped citizens
      provide superimposition for broadcast programmes; annual
         production of 1000 titles of audio books for libraries
o Improvement of information infrastructure
o promotion of ultra-wideband networks in 2006; high speed wide area
  wireless system in 2007
LAO PDR


Strategy 1: Education, training and continuing professional development of
information personnel
     Support the creation of relevant digital educational materials in local languages
          o Capacity building in human and institution


Strategy 2: ICT and information literacy programmes focused at ‘bridging the
information and digital divide’
     Support Awareness programmes
          o The use of ICT Awareness program, by conducting the series of workshop
              and training relating the understanding and benefit of ICT


Strategy 3: Harnessing ICT resources
    Encourage the development, deployment and use of free and/or open source
       software
           o Localize Open Source Software, including Open Office and thunder bird
              for using e-mail in Lao Language.
    Encourage the development of guidelines and the adoption and adaptation of
       standards
           o Standardize National Font for using in the local content - Lao Language



Strategy 4: Awareness raising and promotion
    Promote the development of National Information policies
          o Prepare and mobilize the resource for the formulation of ICT legal
             framework, including National ICT Master Plan, e-Government Law, ICT
             Law, e-Business Programme, e-Commerce law and etc…
          o National ICT Policy Formulated and submitted to the Government for
             Approval

Fall Out

       o Develop e-Government Road Map
       o Develop e-Government Action Plan
       o Initiate the implementation of e-Government
MALAYSIA

Strategy 1: Education, training and continuing professional development of
information personnel
     Support Workshops and training programmes
          o Q4 2006
                  1474 staff and community members of libraries with USP trained
                    on ICT skills from introduction to intermediate level
          o Q3 2007
                  500 participants will be trained on web development tools and
                    local content development
                  700 participants will undergo centralized training on basic and
                    intermediate ICT skills
                  1,169 participants will be trained and certified on e-applications
                  14 state level seminars on Bridging the Digital Divide will be held
                    for state government officials and champions
     Support Conferences
                  International Conference on Information Literacy Skills (ICIL)
                    held in 2006 on the need for standard practices on ILS for
                    Malaysia
     Encourage the provision of Scholarships for information personnel


Strategy 4: Awareness raising and promotion
    Promote the preservation and archiving of digital heritage
          o Q4 2006
                 91 digitization projects carried out by all state and public libraries’
                   in Malaysia
                 RM 4.2 million spent


Strategy 5: Alliances and partnerships
    Development and use of resource sharing systems
          o PERDANA (National) Digital Library
                  Development of Online National Union Catalog
                  Consortium of electronic databases subscribed for all public
                     libraries nationwide
                  Focusing on Local Digital Content Development
          o 100% State Library Corporations have Online OPAC


Fall Out
           o Q4 2006
                 1002 public libraries nationwide
                      83.8% (840 libraries) with ICT facilities
                      737 with USP facilities
                                in 2006, 1,192,609 usage by 135,616 registered
                                 users (Digital Divide Data Center, Ministry of
                                 Energy,Water and Communications)

                 13 multimedia mobiles

       o Q1 2007
             Additional new 225 village libraries nationwide

       o Q3 2007
             300 existing libraries at district and village libraries will be
               upgraded with USP facilities
             250 community and service centers developed
             solar power will be used at those libraries without 24-hour
               electricity supply
             wireless LAN will be used at 5 pilot projects

    o Q3 2007
          Development of 500 local community websites with local digital
            contents


   National Broadband Plan
            Has been approved by the Malaysian Cabinet on October 2004. The
              National Broadband Plan took the greater input with the introduction
              of the nation’s new 5 year ICT Blueprint MyICMS (Malaysian
              Information,Communications and Multimedia Services) 886.
MALDIVES


Strategy 4: Awareness raising and promotion
    Promote the development of National Information policies
          o Licensing of a second mobile phone operator
           o Formulation of Telecommunication policy 2006-2010



Strategy 5: Alliances and partnerships
    Development and use of resource sharing systems
          o Installation of a government network of Maldives connecting all
               government agencies and 20 atoll capitals


Fall Out
    Installation of the two international submarine fiber links reducing the cost of
       international communication which was previously done completely through
       satellite

      Introduction of broadband internet to 15 atolls

      Overall teledensity of fixed and mobile lines of over 100
MONGOLIA

Monglia declined to include a “Major ICT Developments since the last APIN session in
China 2004” section in their report. Some data found in other sections of their report has
been adapted to this purpose.



Strategy 1: Education, training and continuing professional development of
information personnel
     Support the creation of relevant digital educational materials in local languages
          o “Starsoft” Co.LTd developed a set of application CDs on basic computer
             knowledge and skills.
          o The non-formal education is aiming to provide conditions necessary for
             adults to learn to work on computers, to handle document processing,
             communicate through networks and search for information. A
             teleconferencing center, which connects Ulaanbaatar with all provinces, is
             used for the in-service real-time training.


Strategy 2: ICT and information literacy programmes focused at ‘bridging the
information and digital divide’
     Encourage curriculum and course material development
          o At present, universities such as the Mongolian University of Science and
              Technology, the National University of Mongolia and several tertiary
              education institutions are offering undergraduate and graduate courses in
              ICT.
          o The Informatics subject is being taught to the 8-11th grade students in
              accordance with the curriculum, which comes to one computer per 20
              students.


Strategy 5: Alliances and partnerships
    Development and use of resource sharing systems
          o The “Erdemnet” network, which is Internet Service Provider for
             Education, connects more than twenty tertiary institutions with over 60
             thousand teachers and students.

Fall Out
    The private sector has responded to opportunities in building infrastructure and
       providing hardware and software services.
NEPAL


Fall Out
       o Spice Nepal in collaboration with UTL distributed 102,111 mobile phones.
       o STM Telecom Sanchar Pvt Ltd. was selected to provide telephone service in
         534 VDCs in the Eastern Development Region.
       o The Indian Government assisted in the connection of 891 KM optical fibre
         from Bhadrapur to Lamahi.
       o SAARC information centre has been established.
       o Computer Education Curriculum started rom the school level.
       o IT Network extension to rural areas.
       o 588,061 lines have been distributed
       o 250,000 lines of CDMA technology based have been established and 4560
         CDMA phones have been distributed.
       o Postpaid mobile phone 102,219
       o Prepaid 246,400
       o 31 ISPs (18 in operation) providing emaill/internet services for 300,000
         customers;
       o UTL(Unite Telecom Limited) a private sector service provider (WLL based)
         started its operation
NEW ZEALAND


Strategy 1: Education, training and continuing professional development of
information personnel
     Support the creation of relevant digital educational materials in local languages
          o Strategic framework for public libraries – April 2006
          On 1 May 2006 the “Strategic Framework for Public Libraries” was released,
          a document that will guide libraries and their funders over the next 10 years as
          they make decisions about the directions libraries are taking in this digital age.
          The document will be the focus of a public libraries summit in February 2007.


Strategy 2: ICT and information literacy programmes focused at ‘bridging the
information and digital divide’
     Support E-Learning programmes
          o Any Questions – January 2005
          The “Any Questions” electronic library reference service for schools is
          launched as a pilot. The pilot is a success and is continuing after its first year.


Strategy 3: Harnessing ICT resources
    Collaboration and cooperation in the development of information tools
          o First Meeting of Pacific Communication Ministers, Wellington – March
             2006
          Ministers acknowledge Pacific Digital Plan as part of overall Pacific Plan.
          Call for the development of pacific-wide ICT infrastructure solutions.
          o WSIS Summit – November 2005
          On 15 November 2005 the Communications Minister announces an official
          New Zealand delegation is to travel to Tunis (Tunisia) to attend the United
          Nations’ second World Summit on the Information Society.


Strategy 4: Awareness raising and promotion
    Promote the development of National Information policies
          o Crimes Amendment Bill (No 2) – April 2005
          On the 12 April 2005 is passed into law criminalising electronic
          communication with a person under the age of 16 for the purpose of
          committing sexual offence

           o Unsolicited Electronic Messages Bill – August 2005
           On 27 August 2005 an Anti-Spam Bill was introduced to the New Zealand
           Parliament passing its first reading on 15 December 2005 and second reading
           on 5 December 2006.
           o Copyright (New Technologies and Performers Rights) Amendment Bill–
               December 2006
             On 8 December this legislation had its first reading in the New Zealand
             Parliament it will amend the Copyright Act 1994 (the Act) to clarify the
             application of existing rights and exceptions in the digital environment and
             to take account of international developments. It also seeks to create a
             more technology-neutral framework for the Act.
           o Telecommunications Amendment Bill – December 2006
             On 13 December 2006 as a result of the Telecommunication stocktake
             (see above) legislation introduced to Parliament on 26 June 2006
             promoting competition and equal access to key wholesale
             telecommunication services is passed into law by the New Zealand
             Parliament. Allowing the Minister of Communications to settle a robust
             three-way operational separation with New Zealand Telecom by giving
             him and the Commerce Commission the appropriate powers to ensure that
             settlement will be achieved.


Strategy 5: Alliances and partnerships
    Encourage private and public partnerships
          o Kiwi-share review – January 2007
          On 16 January an announcement that that the New Zealand the Kiwi Share
          agreement between the government and New Zealand Telecom that ensures
          households enjoy free local phone calls is being reviewed to ensure it takes
          account of fast-changing technologies.
    Development and use of resource sharing systems
          o Super-fast internet for scientists and researchers – September 2006
          On 1 September a new super high-speed internet link (KAREN- Kiwi
          Advanced Research and Education Network) between New Zealand
          universities and research organisations has been launched

Fall Out
   o Digital Strategy – May 2005
   The Digital Strategy is launched on 16 May 2005 to provide a framework for
   developing New Zealand’s ICT infrastructure with. On the 1 November 2005 more
   than $40 million from two contestable seed funds, the Broadband Challenge and the
   Community Partnership Fund are allocated to the Strategy. A Digital Strategy
   Advisory Group to advise the Minister is announced on 27 January 2006.
   o Telecommunications Stocktake – May 2006
   On 3 May 2006, the Government announces a package of measures to address New
   Zealand's relatively poor broadband performance.
   o Digital Content Strategy – November 2006
   On 11 November 2006, as a sub strategy of the “Digital Strategy” the “Draft Digital
   Content Strategy” is launched for feedback in providing a framework to encourage
   New Zealand content creation and use.
   o Broad Challenge Roll Out – November 2006
   On 27 November 2006 the first of the $24 million broadband challenge projects is
   launched.
The PHILLIPINES



Strategy 3: Harnessing ICT resources
    Collaboration and cooperation in the development of information tools
           o -National Computer Center (NCC)
                  first IT agency of the national government which provides
                    information bases for integrated planning and implementation of
                    development programs and operational activities in the
                    government
           o -Commission on Information and Communications Technology (CICT)
                  Government’s primary policy, planning, coordinating,
                    implementing, regulating and administrative entity that will
                    promote, develop, and regulate integrated and strategic ICT
                    systems and reliable and cost-efficient communication facilities
                    and services
    Encourage the development of guidelines and the adoption and adaptation of
       standards
           o -Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC)
                  formulates, assesses, reviews, recommends, administers and
                    enforces national policies, regulations and guidelines for the
                    preparation and implementation of integrated and comprehensive
                    communications systems
           o -Public Telecommunications Policy Act of the Philippines (RA 7925)
                  governs the development of telecommunications operators and
                    provides rules on interconnection of telecommunication service
                    providers


Strategy 4: Awareness raising and promotion
    Promote the development of National Information policies
          o -Electronic Commerce Act of the Philippines (RA 8792)
                 Gives validity and legal recognition to electronic documents,
                    electronic signatures and electronic transactions
          o -Optical Media Law (RA 9239)
                 Rules for the manufacture, reproduction and sale of optical discs in
                    order to deter digital piracy


Fall Out
       o -Telecommunications Office (Telof)
             provides adequate and efficient telecommunications facilities and
                services connecting all cities and municipalities in the country and the
                rest of the world
o -National Telecommunications Commission (NTC)
      provides an environment that ensures reliable, affordable and viable
         infrastructure and services in information and communications
         technology (ICT) accessible to all
SOUTH KOREA

South Korea declined to include a “Major ICT development in 2004-2006” section in
their country report.
SRI LANKA


Strategy 1: Education, training and continuing professional development of
information personnel
     Support the creation of relevant digital educational materials in local languages
           o   Developing local language content: The importance of developing local
               language content has been given due attention & ad-hoc attempts are been
               observed in government departments, libraries & the like. E-mail & SMS
               communication in local languages are now enabled.


Strategy 2: ICT and information literacy programmes focused at ‘bridging the
information and digital divide’
     Encourage curriculum and course material development
           o   ICT Literacy : In line with the ICTA target of 60% computer literacy by year
               2009, a massive ICT literacy programme has been launched to train citizens in all
               walks of life (http://www.icta.lk/DefaultEnglish.asp) Special programmes are
               tailored for government officers, students & teachers. Almost all State
               Universities, offer ICT education at degree level. Many private Institutions award
               professional qualifications in the ICT field.

      Support E-Learning programmes
           o ICT Education In Libraries: ICT applications in libraries have improved.
             Special emphasis is being paid to ICT training in libraries. However, exposure to
             computers & ITC literacy in public libraries is very low. (Baba, Zawiya, 2006)
           o Computer Aided Learning programmes: A major achievement during 2004 -
             2006 is the initiation of Computer Aided Learning programmes. University of
             Colombo, School of Computing (http://www.ucsc.cmb.ac.lk/elc/), Arther C
             Clerk Centre for Modern Technology (ACIIMT) (http://www.accimt.ac.lk/) &
             Ministry of Education have launched major e-learning programmes in
             collaboration with International & Regional Organizations. The Sri Lanka
             Library Association too has initiated its e-learning distant education programme
             under the Ministry of Education e-learning project.
           o Use of ICT as a key lever for economic & social development – Information
             to the rural community through Telecentres: Shows commendable progress
           o Nenasala Telecentres: is the final achievement in the ICTA road map. Target is to
             of 1000 ‘Nenasala’ Tele centres by the end of year 2008 is progressing rapidly.
             This is a major effort taken to improve the accessibility of the average citizen to
             ICT focusing on poverty alleviation, economic & social development and
             promoting social integration and peace building (http://www.nanasala.lk/)
             Parallel to & with close co-operation with Nenasala project Sarvodaya telecentres
             (http://www.idrc.ca/fr/ev-98417-201-1-DO_TOPIC.htmlare), Vidatha Centres
             (Mithraratne,                2007),                e-Health                 Project
             (http://www.whosrilanka.org/EN/Section29_35.htm)             &       e-Agriculture
             Information Network are operated.
Strategy 3: Harnessing ICT resources
    Encourage the development of guidelines and the adoption and adaptation of
       standards
           o    Legal reforms: In furtherance of the mandates, of ICTA, it has embarked on a
                programme to facilitate legal reforms. Following achievements have been made.
           o Electronic Transactions Act. No. 19 of 2006
        This a major milestone in ICT enabled society eliminating legal barriers which
        suppressed efficient delivery of services by means of electronic communication with
        confidence            in         authenticity,        integrity       &        reliability.
        (http://www.icta.lk/Insidepages/downloadDocs/ElectronicTransactionAct-
        Parliamentver(E).pdf)
           o Information Security Policy (2005) : For government organizations to achieve
                its desired security posture, and to ensure that it is consistent throughout the
                organization, a comprehensive set of policies which represents management’s
                security direction is required. The policy fulfill this need.
           o The computer crime Bill formulate in 2005
         (http://www.justiceministry.gov.lk/NEW%20LEGISLATION/COMCRIME.pdf)                      is
     pending enactment by parliament.



Strategy 4: Awareness raising and promotion
    Promote the preservation and archiving of digital heritage
           o   Digitizaion programmes: Efforts made towards digitization of library
               collections shows a major land mark. The National Science Foundation take the
               lead in this area. A programme has been drawn up to digitize the National
               Repository of Science & Technology literature housed in the NSF
           o   Sri Lanka Journals on-line : Under the PERI /INASP (Programme for
               Enhancement of Research Information/ International Availability of Scientific
               Periodicals) work is currently underway to provide Peer reviewed scholarly
               journals on-line. Negotiations are being made between The National Science
               Foundation & Country co-ordinator of the above programme, University of
               Colombo on future plans.



Strategy 5: Alliances and partnerships
    Encourage private and public partnerships
           o   World Summit for the Information Society: A Sri Lankan delegation lead by
               the Ambassador/Permanent Representative of Sri Lanka to the United Nations in
               Geneva participated at the World Summit for the Information Society (2nd
               phase) in Tunis in 2005. (http://www.itu.int/wsis/tunis/statements/docs/g-
               srilanka/1.html) The major input from Sri Lanka was from the ICTA project.
               Unfortunately no library professional was included in the delegation.


Fall Out
           o   Making public services “truly citizen centric” ensuring geographically non-
               discriminate delivery of information is a main target of ICTA’s government re-
    engineering                                                        programme
    (http://www.icta.lk/Insidepages/ReGov/ProgrammeConcept.asp) A number of
    projects have been implemented successfully towards e-government with a view
    to improve efficiency, effectiveness, transparency & accountability of the
    government .
o   The setting up of the Government Information Centre (GIC) - call centre
     for the provision of governmental services and information is a major
     achievement. A Toll free dial number (1919) could be used from any phone,
     anywhere          for         obtaining      government          information.
     (http://www.icta.lk/DefaultEnglish.asp)
o   ICT facilities for disabled people have been improved. Braille bills are issued
    by all fixed phone line operators.
THAILAND



Strategy 2: ICT and information literacy programmes focused at ‘bridging the
information and digital divide’
     Encourage curriculum and course material development
          o A positive sign for Thailand is seen from the 10th National Plan on Social
              and Economic Development that focused on sufficiency economy, and
              budget for lifelong education as well as to establish knowledge-based
              society was allocated for all government departments.


Strategy 3: Harnessing ICT resources
    Encourage Ontology and Thesauri development
           o Thailand looks for joint research projects on machine translation and
              multi-language thesaurus and taxonomy to use as tools for storage and
              retrieval of multiple databases.
    Encourage the development, deployment and use of free and/or open source
       software
           o Thailand is studying the possibility of using Open Source Software in
              order to lessen a burden from tremendous amount of spending on imported
              software.


Strategy 5: Alliances and partnerships
    Development and use of resource sharing systems
          o In terms of knowledge sharing among APIN member countries, Thailand
             is willing to share our knowledge on open access basis despite the
             different languages.
    Negotiating business models for information services
          o Thailand still aims at being the ASEAN Hub of ICT by confirming to be
             an open market and will continue fair trade among international partners.

Fall Out
           o ICT indicators show slow progress because the number of access to fixed
             line telephones for the country is still below the expected level.
           o The increased bandwidth has been double for the past few years.
           o The government has been able to provide e-services for people who live in
             Bangkok and big cities. But the aim to launch the first smart card in 2006
             failed because of the political change that caused the delay to some ICT
             projects.
           o ICT development in Thailand has grown more in the public access to
             computers, Internet and mobile phones.
VIETNAM


Strategy 5: Alliances and partnerships

      Encourage private and public partnerships
          o Rapid development of some ICT sectors such as mobile content provision,
            online games, security training and services, online advertisement.
          o Giant international ICT companies have invested in Vietnam such as Intel,
            Alcatel, Siemens, NEC, LG, Canon, etc.
          o ICT applications are widely implemented in all social, economic,
            management and production activities, especially the development of e-
            services such as e-government, e-customs, e-commerce, etc.


      Development and use of resource sharing systems
          o Establishment and development of VINAREN in connection with other
            advanced networks (TEIN2, APAN, GLORIAD).
          o Establishment of Vietnam Library Consortium in an attempt to acquire
            international scholar e-resources for research purposes in Vietnam. So far,
            there are 26 major academic, public and special libraries participating in
            the Consortium. During 2005-2008, the Consortium has been subscribing
            to a number of online journals (EBSCO, Blackwells, etc.) for its members,
            in coordination with the International Network for the Availability of
            Scientific Publication (INASP), so that the academic and research
            communities in Vietnam have an opportunity to access to international
            scholar resources.

      Fall Out

       o Internet connection and services development at national scale
       o Broadband, wireless services as well as other advanced services begun to be
         provided in some cities
       o The ICT industry has strongly developed with a growth rate of 25% per year,
         reaching 2 billions USD in value.

				
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