Exeter International Airport Today by jolinmilioncherie


									3. Exeter International
   Airport Today
Introduction                                                                      Plymouth, Exeter and major naval ports such as
                                                                                  Plymouth Docks, Portland and Portsmouth. It was also
3.1.    Exeter International Airport provides the region with                     used for flying training by American forces as a launch
        a network of routes to a wide range of domestic and                       point for their airborne troops operating as part of the
        European cities and regions and is a major hub in the                     D Day landings.
        Royal Mail distribution system.
                                                                          3.8.		 To	facilitate	large	military	aircraft	operations	from	Exeter	
3.2.    The Airport is located approximately 6km to the                          the MOD constructed three hard surface runways in
        East of Exeter City Centre within East Devon District                    1940.	These	consisted	of	a	NE/SW	runway	of	914m.	A	
        Council (EDDC). Its neighbours include the residential                   NW/SE	runway	of	1033m	and	an	E/W	runway	of	960m.	
        communities of Aylesbeare, Broadclyst, Clyst Honition,                   Whilst all three runways still exist today, only one now
        Clyst St Mary, Marsh Green, Ottery St Mary, Rockbeare,                   remains	in	operational	use,	the	E/W	runway,	08/26	and	
        West Hill and Whimple.                                                   this has been extended over subsequent years to its
                                                                                 current	length	of	2083m.
3.3.    Exeter International Airport lies within the Exeter
        and East Devon New Growth Point Area and future
        development adjacent to the Airport includes;

        •	   Skypark	–	40	hectares	of	office	development;
        •	   Science	 Park	 –	 43	 hectares	 of	 science,	 research	
             and learning development;
        •	   Inter	 Modal	 Freight	 Exchange	 –	 A	 development	
             of transit and warehouse facilities providing
             connections between road and rail; and
        •	   Cranbrook	 New	 Community	 –	 a	 new	 town	

3.4.	   Exeter	International	Airport	is	located	close	to	Junction	
        29	of	the	M5	and	adjacent	to	the	A30	dual	carriageway.	  	        3.9.		 The	MOD	decommissioned	RAF	Exeter	in	July	1946	and	
        These roads provide excellent connectivity to the region                 control of the Airport was then passed to the Ministry
        enabling easy access to the Airport. Bus services have                   of	 Civil	 Aviation	 on	 1st	 January	 1947.	 Exeter	 Airport	
        developed over the last few years providing connections                  Limited was formed as a Management Company and
        to Exeter St Davids Railway Station, Exeter City Centre,                 the aerodrome continued as a regional base for flying
        Sidmouth and other neighbouring communities.                             training	of	RAF	reservists.	Several	companies	also	used	
                                                                                 the site for the construction, repair and maintenance
                                                                                 of	 light	 aircraft.	 In	 1954	 a	 Civilian	 Anti-Aircraft	 Co-
The History of Exeter International Airport
                                                                                 Operation Unit was formed and managed by Exeter
3.5.	   In	 January	 1932	 the	 Exeter	 Corporation	 was	 one	 of	               Airport	 Limited	 to	 provide	 target-towing	 facilities	 for	
        the	 first	 Municipal	 authorities	 to	 develop	 an	 airport.		          gun emplacements in the West of England.
        The	 Airport	 was	 officially	 licensed	 for	 public	 use	 on	
        9 September 1937 and formally opened by the Air                   3.10.		 Commercial	Airline	Operations	were	restarted	in	1952	
        Minister,	 Sir	 Kingsley	 Wood	 on	 20	 July	 1938.	 	 Airline	           by	 Jersey	 Airlines,	 flying	 primarily	 to	 the	 Channel	
        services	 had	 already	 been	 inaugurated	 in	 June	 1937,	               Islands.
        when	Jersey	Airways	introduced	summer	services	from	
        the Channel Islands.                                              3.11.		 In	 1958	 the	 MOD	 (Air)	 acquired	 the	 Airport	 from	 its	
                                                                                  former owner Exeter City Council and it remained
3.6.    The Airport was requisitioned by the MOD for military                     in their ownership until 1972 when it was sold to a
        use	on	1st	June	1940	and	re-named	RAF	Exeter.                             consortium of Devon County Council (DCC), Exeter City
                                                                                  Council (ECC) and Torbay Council (TC). DCC acquired
3.7.		 During	 the	 wartime	 it	 was	 used	 by	 the	 RAF	 for	                    sole	ownership	in	1974.	
       many functions including air defence, particularly of

                                                                                                               www.exeter-airport.co.uk            15
     3.12.		 Exeter	 International	 Airport	 celebrated	 its	 60th	              3.15.		 The	 growth	 of	 Flybe	 routes	 and	 services	 reflects	 the	
             Diamond	 Anniversary	 during	 July	 1998	 and	 nearly	                      UK and European trend of increased demand for air
             a year later Her Royal Highness the Princess Royal                          travel for social and business purposes, the increased
             officially	 opened	 Exeter	 International’s	 new	 arrivals	                 capacity	and	demand	in	the	low-cost	airline	sector	and	
             building. The new arrivals facility included separate                       the gradual trend for increased direct services from the
             domestic and international arrival areas as well as                         regions rather than via the London airport system.
             improved waiting facilities for meeting and greeting
             passengers. A new departure lounge was opened in
             June	2003	and	an	extension	added	to	the	check-in	hall	              Exeter International in 2009
             in	2005.                                                            3.16.		 In	2007	the	Airport	was	used	by	more	than	one	million	
                                                                                         passengers and supported the operation of a number
     3.13.		 In	 2004	 Devon	 County	 Council’s	 (DCC)	 Executive	                       of airlines and tour operators who between them fly
             Committee committed to sell Exeter & Devon Airport                          to	 52	 destinations	 in	 23	 countries.	 	 Flybe	 currently	
             Limited	in	order	to	secure	future	long-term	development	                    operate	a	fleet	of	Bombardier	Q400	and	Embraer	195	
             and management of the Airport. After an extended                            aircraft based at Exeter serving 27 destinations from
             sale	 process	 the	 Airport	 was	 sold	 in	 January	 2007	 to	              Spring	2009,	including:
             Regional and City Airports Exeter Ltd (RCAE) in a deal
             described by Councillor Brian Greenslade, who was                          Aberdeen             Dubrovnik            Malaga
             Leader of Devon County Council as "good news for                            Alicante            Edinburgh           Manchester
             the	Airport’s	future	and	the	county	economy."                             Amsterdam                Faro             Newcastle
                                                                                         Avignon              Geneva                Nice
     3.14.		 By	 2002,	 Exeter	 International	 Airport's	 annual	                      Belfast City           Glasgow             Norwich
             passenger	 total	 had	 stagnated	 at	 just	 over	 300,000.	                Bergerac             Guernsey              Palma
             Passengers travelled on a number of summer sun                               Brest              Inverness              Paris
             charter routes and a small number of scheduled routes                     Chambery                Jersey              Rennes
             operated	 by	 Jersey	 European/British	 European	 and	                       Dublin           Leeds Bradford         Salzburg
             SkyBus.	 	 Flybe’s	 (formally	 Jersey	 European/British	
             European) introduction of new services and routes from              Table	3.1	–	List	of	Flybe	destinations	from	Exeter	International		
             the Airport has acted as a catalyst for rapid growth in             Airport,	2009
             passenger numbers. Additionally, Exeter International
             Airport is one of a few airports in the UK where charter            3.17. Weekly services operated by Air Transat serve Toronto
             traffic	has	increased	over	the	last	few	years,	reflecting	                in Canada during the summer months. SkyBus operate
             the regional market demand for package holidays. In                       year	round	services	to	St.	Mary’s	on	the	Isles	of	Scilly.
             autumn	 2007,	 First	 Choice	 Airways	 established	 their	
             South West Regional base at Exeter with a dedicated                 3.18.		 There are numerous seat only charter and fully inclusive
             A320	based	aircraft.                                                        package holidays on offer from Exeter International
                                                                                         throughout the year. The majority of these flights are
                                                                                         provided	 through	 major	 tour	 operators	 such	 as	 First	
                                                                                         Choice, TUI, Thomas Cook, Bath Travel and Balkan
                                                                                         Holidays. The main charter airlines operating holiday
                                                                                         flights are Thomas Cook, TUI, Palmair and Air Malta.
                                                                                         The	primary	destinations	are:

                                                                                      Bodrum               Gran Canaria            Palma
                                                                                        Corfu                 Ibiza               Paphos
                                                                                      Dalaman               Lanzarote             Rhodes
                                                                                        Faro                 Larnaca              Tenerife
                                                                                      Funchal                Mahon                 Tunisia
                                                                                    Fuerteventura            Malaga
                                                                                      Geneva                  Malta
                                                                                 Table	 3.2	 –	 List	 of	 charter	 destinations	 from	 Exeter	
                                                                                 International	Airport,	2009

16                                                                            Exeter International Airport - Master Plan October	2009
3.19. In addition, a number of specialist charters operate to                      the Airport to continue to make use of the aprons
      destinations	including:                                                      and parking areas and for the aviation business and
                                                                                   GA operators to remain in their existing locations until
 Bridgetown (Barbados)*    Enontekio              Mauritius*                       the north side of the Airport is developed and new
       Palma               Pula (Croatia)         Rovaniemi                        sites made available. Exeter International Airport will
        Sicily              Verona                                                 gradually	withdraw	from	Skypark	area	from	2010	ahead	
                                                                                   of development.
* non direct flights
Table	3.3	–	List	of	Specialist	Charters	in	2008
                                                                       Runway, Taxiways and Aprons
3.20.		 Exeter	 International	 Airport	 currently	 handles	 little	    3.24.		 The	airfield	is	the	largest	proportion	of	land	take	within	
        cargo.	 However,	 the	 Royal	 Mail	 has	 a	 significant	               the Airport boundary and consists principally of the
        operation based at Exeter processing and handling                      runway, taxiways and aircraft stands plus important
        first	class	mail	for	the	South	West.		The	volume	of	mail	              ancillary	facilities	including	the	fire	station,	fire	training	
        handled	 has	 steadily	 grown	 reflecting	 Royal	 Mail’s	              ground and fuel farm.
        policy	to	distribute	first	class	mail	by	air	rather	than	by	
        road or rail.                                                  3.25.		 The	 runway	 bearing	 08/26	 runs	 approximately	 east	
                                                                               west	and	is	2083m	in	length.		A	taxiway	system	to	the	
                                                                               south of the runway provides for the distribution of
                                                                               aircraft from aircraft parking stands to the runway and a
                                                                               turning circle at the eastern end of the runway enables
                                                                               departing or arriving aircraft to turn.

                                                                       3.26.		 Runway	08/26	is	designed	as	Category	1	in	accordance	
                                                                               with	 CAP	 1681 and is of adequate length and width
                                                                               for all current destinations and aircraft types operating
                                                                               from the Airport. Simulations have shown that the
                                                                               single	 runway	 airfield	 is	 able	 to	 cope	 with	 forecast	
                                                                               traffic	to	2030,	however,	additional	taxiway	access	will	
                                                                               be required to increase the runway movement rate.

                                                                       3.27. In common with many UK airports Exeter International
                                                                             Airport has a dispensation from the CAA for its
Existing Airport Facilities                                                  Runway End Safety Area (RESA) following a change in
3.21. The operational area of Exeter International Airport                   regulations in 1999. The RESA at the western end of the
      is 137 hectares. The Airport has developed on both                     runway is shorter than current licensing requirements and
      sides of the main runway with the southerly area                       the Airport will continue to manage this dispensation
      being	the	location	for	passenger	facilities	and	Flybe’s	               through risk assessment and management and careful
      Maintenance Base. The northern area is used for                        control over developments to the west of the Airport.
      aircraft parking, aircraft maintenance facilities and
      some General Aviation (GA) activity.                             3.28.		 Disused	 runway	 13/31	 is	 used	 as	 part	 of	 the	 taxiway	
                                                                               system to the south of the runway and as a combined
3.22. The area to the north west of the Airport, shaded in                     taxiway and aircraft parking area to the north of the
      light	green	on	diagram	3.4,	was	retained	by	DCC	after	                   runway.		Disused	runway	02/20	has	no	operational	use	
      the	Airport	sale	process	in	2007.		This	40	hectares	area	                and will be largely removed by the development of
      will be developed as Skypark by DCC and St Modwen,                       Skypark.
      their joint venture development partner, as high quality
      A1/B	offices	and	Business	Park.	
                                                                           Sets out the standards required at UK licensed aerodromes relating to physical
3.23. As part of the sale process, Exeter International Airport            characteristics, assessment and treatment of obstacles, visual aids, rescue and
      was	granted	a	short-term	lease	over	Skypark	to	enable	               fire fighting services and medical services.

                                                                                                                    www.exeter-airport.co.uk                 17
     3.29. There are eight aircraft stands for commercial operations         3.31. Currently up to eight aircraft may occupy the apron at
           to the south of the runway adjacent to the terminal.                    the same time. The limited type of aircraft that a stand
           In	addition,	use	is	made	of	the	disused	runway	13/31	                   can accommodate, together with overall apron space,
           and a number of areas of hardstanding for Executive                     restricts operations and emphasises the need to extend
           Aviation parking. GA aircraft park at a number of                       the	apron	to	meet	the	demands	of	traffic	growth.
           designated sites to the north and south of the runway
           and extensive use is made of paved areas to the north             3.32.		 A	new	stand	was	constructed	in	2007	to	the	north	of	
           of the runway for parking aircraft awaiting maintenance                   the runway for use as an engine test facility to enable
           in	the	Flybe	maintenance	hangars.                                         engine testing of aircraft principally to support the
                                                                                     Flybe	maintenance	operations.		A	compass	swing	bay	
     3.30.		 The	 terminal	 apron	 has	 eight	 aircraft	 stands	 able	               is	provided	at	the	northern	end	of	13/31.
             to accommodate a range of aircraft sizes. The Civil
             Aviation Authority (CAA) publishes standards for                3.33. Aircraft that are either being stored for parts, waiting
             parking based on aircraft design codes derived from                   to enter the maintenance facility, or passenger aircraft
             a variety of criteria unique to every aircraft series. The            that	 are	 not	 in	 operation	 and	 cannot	 fit	 on	 the	 main	
             apron currently comprises eight code C stands, but                    apron,	are	parked	on	the	north	side	of	the	airfield.
             may	alternatively	be	configured	to	support	two	code	D	
             and	4	code	C	operations.

18                                                                        Exeter International Airport - Master Plan October	2009
                                                                                                                                        Today 2009
                                                                                                                   Diagram 3.4 – Exeter International Airport Today 2009

                                                       MOVEMENT AREAS
                           AIRCRAFT PARKING            FORECOURT                     PASSENGER TERMINAL BUILDING

                           RUNWAY AND TAXIWAY          CAR PARKING                   SOUTHSIDE ZONE TENANTS

                                                                                     SOUTH SIDE DEVELOPMENT ZONE

     Passenger Facilities                                                        3.37. The existing terminal has a number of constraints of
                                                                                       both	 area	 and	 rate	 of	 processing	 through	 check-in,	
     3.34.		 Passenger	 facilities	 are	 located	 on	 the	 south	 side	 of	            security and aircraft boarding. The busy hour rate is
             the	airfield	accessed	from	the	A30	via	the	B3184.	The	                    approximately	600	passengers	per	hour,	and	the	annual	
             terminal was originally constructed in 1937 and has                       capacity of the existing terminal is in the range of 1.2m
             been	progressively	expanded	over	the	past	70	years.	         	            to	1.4m	passengers	depending	on	the	schedule.	The	
             The terminal is sited nearly parallel to the runway for                   current	 terminal	 is	 often	 ‘working’	 beyond	 its	 peak	
             reasons	of	operational	efficiency	and	ease	of	access	to	                  capacity with service standards and the customer
             the	airfield	facilities.		                                                experience falling below the design standard.

                                                                                 3.38.		 Bus	stops	for	service	buses	and	the	shuttle	bus	to	the	
                                                                                         remote car parks together with a taxi stand are located
                                                                                         in front of the terminal. In common with other UK
                                                                                         airports and following the terrorist incident at Glasgow
                                                                                         Airport	 in	 July	 2007,	 Exeter	 International	 Airport	
                                                                                         closed the terminal forecourt requiring passengers to
                                                                                         set	down	and	pick	up	in	the	short-term	car	park.		

                                                                                 3.39. Car hire facilities have recently been improved and are
                                                                                       located in a building adjacent to arrivals.

                                                                                 Car Parking
                                                                                 3.40.	 Approximately	2,400	car	parking	spaces	are	provided	
                                                                                        in four car parks to the southside of the Airport. Staff
                                                                                        working at the Airport use the parking facilities in car
                                                                                        parks	 3	 and	 4.	 	 In	 addition,	 Flybe	 engineering	 has	 a	
                                                                                        dedicated car park adjacent to the maintenance bases
                                                                                        with	approximately	400	spaces.
     3.35.	 The	 check-in	 hall	 contains	 ten	 check-in	 desks	 linked	
            to a hold baggage screening and handling system as
            well as ticket desks and a range of passenger facilities.
            Following	 check-in,	 passengers	 pass	 through	 security	
            to	a	departure	lounge	consisting	of:

             •	   Airside	restaurant;
             •	   First	floor	bar	and	airside	balcony;
             •	   First	floor	business	lounge;
             •	   Lounge	and	airside	retailing;	and
             •	   Departure	gates.

     3.36. The departure gate room is located at the southern
                                                                                 Administration and Support Facilities
           end of the terminal building. Two gates enable                        3.41.		 Administration	 and	 airline	 office	 accommodation	 is	
           simultaneous boarding of aircraft and a third smaller                         located in both the terminal building and a range of
           gate is located in this area but does not provide access                      WW2 buildings.
           directly to the apron area. Passengers can walk to
           stands	one	to	five	and	all	other	stands	are	accessed	by	              3.42.		 Flybe	has	a	substantial	existing	training	facility	located	
           bus. Two routes are provided for arriving passengers to                       in prefabricated temporary buildings to the east of car
           segregate domestic and international arrivals.                                park one. This provides both crew and engineering

20                                                                            Exeter International Airport - Master Plan October	2009
Air Traffic Control                                                   3.45.		 Cargo	 is	 currently	 stored	 and	 handled	 through	 an	
                                                                              airside hangar.
3.43.		 The	 Air	 Traffic	 Visual	 Control	 Room	 is	 situated	 on	
        top of the north east corner of the terminal. This
        complies	with	CAA	regulations	that	require	Air	Traffic	
                                                                      Business and General Aviation
        Controllers to have clear and unobstructed views of the       3.46.		 Exeter	International	Airport	is	an	increasingly	popular	
        aircraft movement area and all parking areas. A range                 destination for business, corporate and executive
        of navigational aids are controlled from the tower                    aviation using the Airport for both business and leisure
        including	airfield	ground	lighting,	radar	and	instrument	             trips.
        landing systems.
                                                                      3.47.		 Exeter	 International	 Airport	 has	 recently	 invested	 in	
Cargo and Mail Handling                                                       a	 new	 facility	 to	 provide	 office,	 lounge	 and	 briefing	
                                                                              facilities for crew and their passengers, adjacent to the
3.44.		 The	mail	screening	and	handling	facility	is	located	on	               terminal building.
        the	south	side	of	the	airfield	adjacent	to	crash	gate	one	
        on the main apron. This facility has been extended,           3.48.		 In	 addition,	 Capital	 Aviation	 operates	 an	 Air	 Taxi,	 Air	
        improved	 and	 resurfaced	 during	 summer	 2007	 and	 a	              Ambulance	 and	 Fixed	 Base	 Operation	 (FBO)	 from	
        covered	sortation	area	has	been	constructed	in	2009.	    	            facilities to the north of the runway.
        Royal Mail currently operates two B737 aircraft 5 nights
        per week for the mail network from Exeter.

                                                                                                            www.exeter-airport.co.uk             21
     3.49.		 Exeter	International	Airport	is	the	base	for	more	than	60	                    aircraft	or	three	Dash	8	aircraft	depending	on	the	daily	
             General Aviation aircraft owned by flying schools, clubs,                     requirement. Hangars 3 and 21 provide three further
             syndicates and individuals. The main organisations,                           bays creating a total of nine engineering bays. In
             based	north	and	south	of	the	runway,	are:                                     addition there are numerous workshops and facilities to
                                                                                           support	the	Flybe	maintenance	operation,	all	located	
             •	    Iscavia;                                                                to the south of the runway.
             •	    Airways	Flight	Training;
             •	    Aviation	South	West;                                            3.53. The apron in front of the Walker Hangar and immediately
             •	    Capital	Aviation;                                                     to the west of the Walker Hangar is used for parking
             •	    Direct	Flight;                                                        aircraft.
             •	    Exeter	Flying	Club;	and
             •	    Hunter	Flying	Club.                                             3.54.		 Approximately	 30%	 of	 the	 maintenance	 contracts	
                                                                                           undertaken at Exeter International Airport relate
     3.50.		 The	 Hunter	 Flying	 Club	 operate	 out	 of	 two	 hangars	                    to	 Flybe	 aircraft.	 	 The	 remaining	 70%	 are	 for	 other	
             to	the	north	of	the	airfield	operating	privately	owned	                       airlines.
             Hunter jet aircraft.
                                                                                   General Aircraft Maintenance
     Military and Government Flights
                                                                                   3.55. A number of SMEs, including Iscavia, provide
     3.51. Exeter International Airport caters for a variety of                          maintenance facilities for General Aviation aircraft and
           flights organised by the Military, Police, Coastguard                         operate	from	hangars	on	the	north	side	of	the	airfield.	
           and	the	Fisheries	Protection	Agency.
                                                                                   Ancillary Facilities
     Flybe Aircraft Maintenance                                                    Fire station and training ground
     3.52.		Exeter	International	Airport	is	the	home	for	Flybe's	Aircraft	
             Maintenance	Operation.		Flybe	has	developed	Europe’s	                 3.56.		 The	 fire	 station	 is	 centrally	 located on the south side
             largest regional aircraft maintenance base at Exeter                          of	the	airfield	immediately	to	the	east	apron	access	of	
             International	 Airport	 to	 the	 south	 east	 of	 the	 airfield	              the control post. The station has three bays for rescue
             where they carry out round the clock maintenance on                           and	fire	fighting	service	(RFFS)	vehicles	in	addition	to	
             a range of aircraft types. The facility consists of two                       space	for	offices,	training,	equipment	support	and	staff	
             joined, three bay hangars known as the Walker Hangar.                         accommodation.
             Each hangar typically accommodates either two E195
                                                                                   3.57.		 The	 Airport	 fire	 training	 ground	 is	 located	 to	 the	
                                                                                           north of the runway in the old military dispersal area.
                                                                                           Additionally the Airport leases land to Devon and
                                                                                           Somerset	Fire	Services	for	fire	training	on	the	north	side	
                                                                                           of	the	airfield	that	consists	of	smoke	and	heat	chambers	
                                                                                           and other training systems.

                                                                                   Fuel Farm
                                                                                   3.58.		 The	fuel	farm	is	located	on	the	south	side	of	the	airfield	
                                                                                           in front of Hangar 21.

22                                                                              Exeter International Airport - Master Plan October	2009

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