FALL 2010 FINALS REVIEW
Principles of Health Science NOTE SHEET
Health Careers, Health Care Systems
_______________________1. This facility provides physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy as
well as nursing care.
_______________________2. This term describes facilities that give treatments to patients in the hospital,
requiring an overnight stay.
_______________________3. This facility provides assistance and care for mainly elderly patients.
_______________________4. These companies provide care in a patient’s home.
_______________________5.This is a federal agency that establishes and enforces standards that protect
workers from job-related injuries and illnesses.
_______________________6. This is an international agency that sets global health standards while monitoring
and assessing health trends.
_______________________7. This is the term that describes when a physician requests that his patient see
another doctor, usually a specialist for a particular health problem.
______________________8. This facility provides housing, meals and personal care to people who need help
with activities of daily living, but do not need daily nursing care. It may be referred to as Independent Living.
_____________________9. This is a National Organization known for its involvement in the research of
____________________10. This service offers care and support to dying, terminally ill patients who usually
have less than 6 months to live.
11. Moving information into long-term memory requires a minimum of __________ hours of continuous sleep.
12. ________ _____________________ means trying to control the rising cost of health care while achieving
the maximum benefit of each dollar spent.
13. When a person is in optimal health physically, mentally, and socially, they are in a state of
14. What items can help you manage time more effectively? ______________________ and
15. Which statement below is FALSE?
a. A national health care plan has become a trend due to the high cost of health care and the large
numbers of uninsured individuals.
b. The main goal of a national health care plan is to ensure that all Americans can get health coverage.
c. A pandemic exist when an outbreak of disease occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a high
proportion of the population.
d. A pandemic is not something to worry about because world travel makes it difficult for diseases to
spread from one country to another.
16. A _____________________is an amount the patient has to pay for medical services before the
insurance policy begins to pay.
17. Mr. Edwards has just left from his doctor’s appointment. He turned 50 this year and received a yearly
check up, prostate exam, colonoscopy and other test that are routinely given to men age 50 to help them
maintain optimal health. What term describes this care? ___________________________
18. _____________________ is the use of video, audio and computer systems to provide medical and/or
health care services.
19. Which statement pertaining to obtaining health insurance coverage through your employer is FALSE?
a. Eligibility depends upon continuous employment
b. Pre-existing conditions may be ineligible
c. Employees must work 20 or greater hours per week
d. All companies ensure their employees from day 1 of hire. There is no waiting period for receiving
20. This program is a government program that provides health care to people over the age of 65 or those
disabled and has received social security for at least 2 years. ___________________________________
21. Which statement below is TRUE?
a. Medicaid is a medical assistance program operated by the state government and offers assistance to
those with low incomes, children who qualify and people who are disabled.
b. Worker’s compensation is a health savings account owned by an individual and is used to pay for
current and future medical expenses.
c. Cancer insurance can be used for other illnesses other than cancer.
d. Life insurance provides income to an individual upon disability—short or long term.
History of Health Care, Health Care Systems, Health Insurance
22. In ancient times, people thought that illness and disease were caused by
23. In Egyptian times, the _________________ were the medical doctors.
24. Hippocrates was called the ___________________________________.
25. Which statement below is False?
a. The Hippocratic Oath is the name of the oath that physicians use today.
b. The staff and serpent symbol of medicine is called the caduceus.
c. The first hospitals were located on ships placed out to sea.
d. The Greeks were the first race to study the causes of disease.
26. The Greeks believed that lack of good sanitary practices (poor sanitation) caused
27. During the Roman Empire, rooms in doctor’s houses became the first ______________________.
28. During the Middle/Dark ages, laws were passed that placed people with a certain illness in a specific
location and deny them the freedom to move about. The term to describe this practice is known as:
29. During the Renaissance period, the beginning of true medical research evolved. Doctor’s used
___________________ to learn about the human body (anatomy).
30. Who was the first doctor to use antiseptics during surgery? ________________________________
31. Alexander Fleming discovered/invented __________________.
32. Anton van Leeuwekhoek invented the _____________________.
33. William Harvey discovered the _______________________.
34. Rene Laennec discovered the ____________________.
35. Lillian Wald started _________________________.
36. Clara Barton founded ________________________.
37. _________________ developed a polio vaccine in 1952.
Matching: Select the career on the right that matches the job category on the left. Write the letter of your
answer on your scan-tron.
38. Biotechnology Research & Development
39. Informational services
a. Medical Records
40. Therapeutic services b. Central Supply
c. Biomedical Chemist
41. Diagnostic services
d. Medical Sonograper
42. Support services e. Registered Nurse
43. The levels of management within a hospital is known as the
44. Those pursuing a career in the health sciences might receive health care related education and training:
a. within their high school health science programs
b. by attending a community college associate program or technical/certification classes
c. by pursuing a degree plan at a university
d. all of the above
45. Susie was taken to the emergency room after developing dyspnea (difficulty breathing). She was
immediately seen by a health care provider who placed Oxygen on her, listened to her breath sounds, and
administered a nebulizer breathing treatment to open up her air passages. This health care provider was most
likely a_________________ ________________________ .
46. Mary Jane admitted to her doctor that she had sexual relationships during the past year while at her yearly
preventative exam. Her doctor ordered laboratory test for her and she had her blood drawn by a lab technician.
Later her results came back positive for HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). Which professional may have
been involved in some aspect of Mary Jane’s diagnosis?
a. Podiatrist c. Medical Laboratory Technologist
b. Speech pathologist d. Optometrist
47. An Insurance policy has a co-insurance of 80-20 percent. The charges after your medical procedure were
$400. There is no deductible. What amount will you have to pay of this charge?
48. An Insurance policy has a co-insurance of 90-10 percent. The hospital charges are $8,000 from your 2
days of hospitalization and treatment for cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder). You have a $1000
deductible. What is the total cost of this hospitalization to you (what is the total amount you will have to pay)?
Military Time, Body Planes, Directional Terms and Body Cavities, Medical Terminology,
? 12 hour clock (am/pm) ?Military (24 clock)
49. 1200 ____________ 5:15pm________________
50. 0452 ____________ 11:15am ________________
51. 2152 ____________ 10:15pm ________________
52. 2400 ____________ 6:15pm ________________
53. 0052 ____________ 1:15 pm _______________
54. Choose the correct phrase.
a. Your heart is located in your RUQ.
b. Your bladder is located in the epigastric region.
c. Your appendix is located in your RLQ.
d. Your left kidney is located in the left inguinal region.
55. Choose the correct phrase.
a. Your knee is superior to your pelvic cavity.
b.The spinal cavity is dorsal compared with the abdominal cavity
c.Your heart is more cephalic than your shoulders.
d.The pelvic cavity contains the liver.
56. Define sagittal plane?
57. Define transverse plane?
58. In what quadrant is your gall bladder located?_______________
In what quadrant is your appendix located?_________________
59. What is the correct way to divide the given medical term, Rhinoplasty?
60. What is the correct way to divide the given medical term, Pathology?
61. Which word part is the prefix for the medical term “hyperthermia”?
a. There is no prefix for this term
62. Which word part(s) is/are the root word(s) of the medical term “osteoarthritis”?
a. oste, arthr
d. oste, it is
63. Which word part is the suffix of the medical term “pericarditis”?
d. There is no suffix for this medical term
64. A patient is to receive 500 mg of Amoxicillin by mouth. Available is a bottle labeled 250 mg per 10 ml.
How many ml will you give?
65. A patient is to receive meperidine 750 mg by mouth. Each tablet contains 300 mg. How many tablets
will the patient receive?
66. A patient is to receive Cipro 1 g by mouth. You have available 400mg/5 ml. How many ml will you
67. Your friend weighs 132 pounds. What is her weight in kg?
68. 750 grams=______kilograms
69. What is anatomical position?
70. What is another term that is similar in meaning for each?
Ventral __________________________ Caudal _______________________
Posterior _________________________ Superior ______________________
71. The study of the structures of the body is known as ______________________.
72. ___________________________ is the study of the functions of the human body structures.
73. All medical words have a _______________________.
74. What are the major structures of the integumentary system?
75. Which body system is responsible for producing and secreting hormones?
76. Name the three types of muscle.
77. Name the 7 functions of the integumentary system.
78. Name two healthcare careers associated with the integumentary system.
79. Name two healthcare careers associated with the skeletal system.
80. Define muscle.
81. Name the diseases of the muscular system that are listed on your notes sheet.
82. What structures comprise the CNS? The PNS?
83. Name two functions of the nervous system.
84. Name two healthcare careers associated with the nervous system.
85. Name the main organs of the special senses.
86. What is the main function of the circulatory/cardiovascular system?
87. What structures are part of the circulatory system?
88. What two systems work together to remove waste and excess fluid from the tissues?
89. What structures are part of the lymphatic system?
90. What structures make up the urinary system?
91. What structures in the kidneys are responsible for filtering waste?
92. Name two healthcare careers related to the urinary system.
93. Which system produces new life?
94. Which system is responsible for the physical and chemical breakdown of food?
95. Which system protects the brain?
96. Diabetes Mellitus is a disease of the _______________ system.
97. Glaucoma is a disease of the ________________ system.
98. What is the name of the area where two bones join together?
99. Differentiate between scoliosis, kyphosis and lordosis.
100. Describe and define osteoporosis. What age group usually gets osteoporosis?
101. Briefly define the following:
a. Greenstick fracture d. Spiral fracture
b. Simple (closed) fracture e. Comminuted fracture
c. Compound (open) fracture f. Depressed fracture
102. There are _______________ bones in the adult skeletal system.
103. List and provide the locations of the three parts of the vertebral column.
104. What function does the red bone marrow perform?
105. What is the periosteum?
106. Differentiate between the epiphysis and the diaphysis of a long bone.
107. _____________ is inflammation of the joints.
108. What is dislocation?
109. List the functions of the muscular system.
110. List the functions of the skeletal system.
111. List and define the three types of joints.
112. Define and give an example of the following types of movement.
i. Plantar flexion
Personal Qualities of a Healthcare Provider
113. Compare leadership and responsibility
114. What is self-motivation?
115. Define communication.
116. ____________ means using good judgment in what you say and do.
117. Define empathy.
118. Name three techniques for coping with stress.
119. Name five ways to develop good interpersonal relationships.
120. Describe four ways to show a positive professional appearance.
121. Compare and contrast effective teamwork with bad teamwork.
Communication and Effective Meetings/Parliamentary Procedure
122. Why is communication necessary
123. What is the rule of simple majority?
124. List 6 barriers to effective communication in healthcare.
125. Differentiate between personal, social and public distance.
126. What is an amendment? How many amendments can be made to each motion?
127. List the three steps one must take to obtain the floor in a meeting.
STUDY MUSCULAR DIAGRAM (Pectoralis major, Biceps, Triceps, Gluteus maximus, Rectus abdominus,
STUDY SKELETAL DIAGRAM (Humorus, Ulna, Radius, Tibia, Fibula, Femur, Scapula, Clavicle, Sternum,
Phalanges, Tarsals, Metatarsals, Carpals, Metacarpals, Mandible, Cranium, Sacrum, Cervical Vertebra, Lumbar
Vertebra, Thoracic Vertebra)
STUDY DEATH & DYING NOTE SHEET