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The Australian Coal Mining Industry to 2016: Market Profile

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Coal is important to the Australian economy, as it is the country’s second-largest exported commodity. In addition, black coal exports have increased by more than XX% in the country since 2002. Australia is the fourth-largest coal producer in the world, trailing only China, the USA and India. However, Australia is the world’s largest coal exporter. The total production of coal Australia totaled XX million tons in 2011. There are new challenges for the country’s coal production following the introduction of Australia’s carbon tax, which was passed in November 2011 and is scheduled to become effective from July 2012. This carbon tax law represents one of the largest economic reforms in this country for a generation and a huge challenge to the coal mining category. As a result of this tax, coal mining will become the country’s highest taxed mining category. Consequently, BRICdata projects a XX–XX% increase in Australian coal prices over the forecast period.

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                            The Australian Coal Mining
BRICdata                    Industry to 2016: Market Profile
John Carpenter House
7 Carmelite Street
London EC4Y 0BS
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0) 20 7936 6400
Fax: +44 (0) 20 7336 6813


                            Reference code: MN1040MP
www.bricdata.com
                            Published: April 2012




                             © BRICdata. This product is licensed and is not to be photocopied
TABLE OF CONTENTS



TABLE OF CONTENTS
1          Mining Industry Outlook in Australia .................................................................................................. 6
1.1        Mining Industry Market Size and Growth Potential ................................................................................. 6
1.2        Market Share and Production Trend Analysis by Mining Category ......................................................... 7
2          Regulatory Framework ........................................................................................................................ 12
2.1        Regulation of Foreign Investments ........................................................................................................ 12
2.2        Organization Health and Safety (OHS) Standards ................................................................................ 13
2.3        Market Entry Route ................................................................................................................................ 13
3          Industry Structure and Dynamics of Coal, Metallic and Non-Metallic Mining ............................... 15
3.1        Five Forces Analysis: Coal .................................................................................................................... 15
3.1.1      Bargaining power of supplier: medium .................................................................................................. 16
3.1.2      Bargaining power of buyer: medium to high .......................................................................................... 16
3.1.3      Barrier to entry: medium ........................................................................................................................ 16
3.1.4      Intensity of rivalry: medium .................................................................................................................... 16
3.1.5      Threat of substitution: medium to high .................................................................................................. 16
4          Coal ....................................................................................................................................................... 17
4.1        Overview of Coal Mining Category ........................................................................................................ 17
4.2        Reserves, Production and Consumption ............................................................................................... 17
4.2.1      Total reserves ........................................................................................................................................ 17
4.2.2      Total production ..................................................................................................................................... 18
4.2.3      Total consumption ................................................................................................................................. 22
4.3        Imports and Exports .............................................................................................................................. 23
4.3.1      Coal import ............................................................................................................................................ 23
4.3.2      Coal export ............................................................................................................................................ 24
4.4        Top Active Projects ................................................................................................................................ 25
4.5        Key Processing Units ............................................................................................................................ 26
4.6        News and Deals..................................................................................................................................... 27
4.7        Competitive Landscape ......................................................................................................................... 28
5          Competitive Landscape and Strategic Insights ............................................................................... 29
5.1        Competitive Landscape: Overview ........................................................................................................ 29
5.2        Key Companies ..................................................................................................................................... 32
5.2.1      BHP Billiton Ltd: overview ..................................................................................................................... 32
5.2.2      BHP Billiton Ltd: recent announcements and strategic initiatives ......................................................... 32
5.2.3      BHP Billiton Ltd: products ...................................................................................................................... 33
5.2.4      Rio Tinto Ltd: overview .......................................................................................................................... 35
5.2.5      Rio Tinto Ltd: recent announcements and strategic initiatives .............................................................. 35
5.2.6      Rio Tinto Ltd: products and services ..................................................................................................... 36
5.2.7      Alcoa of Australia Ltd: overview ............................................................................................................ 37
5.2.8      Alcoa of Australia Ltd: recent announcements and strategic initiatives ................................................ 37
5.2.9      Alcoa of Australia Ltd: products and services ....................................................................................... 37
5.2.10 Xstrata Australia: overview .................................................................................................................... 38
5.2.11 Xstrata Australia: recent announcements and strategic initiatives ........................................................ 38



The Australian Coal Mining Industry to 2016: Market Profile                                                                                                  Page 2

© BRICdata. This product is licensed and is not to be photocopied                                                                           Published: April 2012
TABLE OF CONTENTS



5.2.12 Xstrata Australia: products and services ............................................................................................... 39
6         Appendix .............................................................................................................................................. 40
6.1       About BRICdata ..................................................................................................................................... 40
6.1.1     Areas of expertise .................................................................................................................................. 40
6.2       Methodology .......................................................................................................................................... 41
6.3       Definitions .............................................................................................................................................. 42
6.4       Disclaimer .............................................................................................................................................. 43




The Australian Coal Mining Industry to 2016: Market Profile                                                                                               Page 3

© BRICdata. This product is licensed and is not to be photocopied                                                                        Published: April 2012
TABLE OF CONTENTS



LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1: Australian Mining Production Volume (Million Tons), 2007–2016 .................................................................................................. 6
Figure 2: Australian Mining Industry Production Volume by Mineral Category (% Share), 2011 and 2016.................................................... 7
Figure 3: Australian Coal Production Volume (Million Tons), 2007–2016 ..................................................................................................... 8
Figure 4: Australian Iron Ore Production Volume (Million Tons), 2007–2016 ............................................................................................... 9
Figure 5: Australian Bauxite Production Volume (Million Tons), 2007–2016............................................................................................... 10
Figure 6: Australian Phosphate Rock Production Volume (Million Tons), 2007–2016................................................................................. 11
Figure 7: Australian Salt Production Volume (Million Tons), 2007–2016 .................................................................................................... 11
Figure 8: Australian Mining Industry Dynamics: Coal Category .................................................................................................................. 15
Figure 9: Australian Coal Production Volume (Million Tons), 2007–2011 ................................................................................................... 18
Figure 10: Australian Coal Production Volume (Million Tons), 2012–2016 ................................................................................................. 19
Figure 11: Australian Coal Production Value (AUD Billion), 2007–2011 ..................................................................................................... 20
Figure 12: Australian Coal Production Value (AUD Million), 2012–2016 .................................................................................................... 21
Figure 13: Australian Coal Consumption Volume (Million Tons), 2007–2011 ............................................................................................. 22
Figure 14: Australian Coal Import Volume (Million Tons), 2006–2010 ........................................................................................................ 23
Figure 15: Australian Coal Export Volume (Million Tons), 2006–2010 ........................................................................................................ 24
Figure 16: Australian Leading Coal Producers (% Share), 2011 ................................................................................................................ 28
Figure 17: Australian Leading Mining Companies – Revenue Comparison (US$ Million), 2007–2011........................................................ 30




The Australian Coal Mining Industry to 2016: Market Profile                                                                                                          Page 4

© BRICdata. This product is licensed and is not to be photocopied                                                                                  Published: April 2012
TABLE OF CONTENTS



LIST OF TABLES
Table 1: Australian Mining Industry Entry Strategy of Foreign Companies, ................................................................................................ 13
Table 2: Australian Coal Production Volume (Million Tons), 2007–2011 .................................................................................................... 18
Table 3: Australian Coal Production Volume (Million Tons), 2012–2016 .................................................................................................... 19
Table 4: Australian Coal Production Value (AUD Billion), 2007–2011 ........................................................................................................ 20
Table 5: Australian Coal Production Value (US$ Billion), 2007–2011 ......................................................................................................... 20
Table 6: Australian Coal Production Value (AUD Billion), 2012–2016 ........................................................................................................ 21
Table 7: Australian Coal Production Value (US$ Billion), 2012–2016 ......................................................................................................... 21
Table 8: Australian Coal Consumption Volume (Million Tons), 2007–2011 ................................................................................................ 22
Table 9: Australian Coal Import Volume (Million Tons), 2006–2010 ........................................................................................................... 23
Table 10: Australian Coal Export Volume (Million Tons), 2006–2010 ......................................................................................................... 24
Table 11: Key Australian Coal Mining Projects, 2011–2016 ....................................................................................................................... 25
Table 12: Key Australian Coal Mines* ........................................................................................................................................................ 26
Table 13: Australian Leading Mining Companies – Financial Comparison (US$ Million), 2007–2011 ......................................................... 30
Table 14: Exchange Rate (US$–AUD), 2007–2016 ................................................................................................................................... 42




The Australian Coal Mining Industry to 2016: Market Profile                                                                                                                       Page 5

© BRICdata. This product is licensed and is not to be photocopied                                                                                             Published: April 2012
MINING INDUSTRY OUTLOOK IN AUSTRALIA



1 Mining Industry Outlook in Australia
Australia possesses a large supply of natural resources, and the country‘s sustainable economic model has attracted a
high level of foreign direct investments (FDIs) during the review period (2007–2011). The country contains the world‘s
largest reserves of nickel, silver, zinc a
								
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