Open Data Overview - Yohei

Document Sample
Open Data Overview - Yohei Powered By Docstoc
					               GOVERNMENT OPEN DATA
PRESENTATION




               OVERVIEW OF GOVERNMENT OPEN DATA
DATE                       HOST
         FALL 2011                CITY WORKS CAMPAIGN
Open Government Data is the free use, reuse, and redistribution by
anyone of data and information produced or commissioned by
government or government controlled entities.
     Why Open Government Data?
Why should government data be open?

1.   Transparency. In a well-functioning, democratic society citizens need to know what their government is
     doing. To do that, they must be able freely to access government data and information and to share that
     information with other citizens. Transparency isn’t just about access, it is also about sharing and reuse —
     often, to understand material it needs to be analyzed and visualized and this requires that the material be open
     so that it can be freely used and reused.

2.   Releasing social and commercial value. In a digital age, data is a key resource for social and commercial
     activities. Everything from finding your local post office to building a search engine requires access to data,
     much of which is created or held by government. By opening up data, government can help drive the creation
     of innovative business and services that deliver social and commercial value.

3.   Participatory Governance. Much of the time citizens are only able to engage with their own governance
     sporadically — maybe just at an election every 4 or 5 years. By opening up data, citizens are enabled to be
     much more directly informed and involved in decision-making. This is more than transparency: it’s about
     making a full “read/write” society, not just about knowing what is happening in the process of governance
     but being able to contribute to it.

Source: Open Government Data (http://opengovernmentdata.org)
    Defining the Open in Open Data
1. ACCESS                                           8. NO DISCRIMINATION AGAINST
                                                       FIELDS OF ENDEAVOR
2. REDISTRIBUTION
                                                    9. DISTRIBUTION OF LICENSE
3. REUSE
                                                    10. LICENSE MUST NOT BE SPECIFIC
4. ABSENCE OF TECHNOLOGICAL                             TO A PACKAGE
   RESTRICTION
                                                    11. LICENSE MUST NOT RESTRICT
5. ATTRIBUTION                                          THE DISTRIBUTION OF OTHER
                                                        WORKS
6. INTEGRITY

7. NO DISCRIMINATION AGAINST
   PERSONS OR GROUPS


Source: Open Definition (http://opendefinition.org)
1 . ACC ES S
The work shall be available as a whole and at no more than a reasonable reproduction
cost, preferably downloading via the Internet without charge. The work must also be
available in a convenient and modifiable form.

Comment: This can be summarized as ‘social’ openness – not only are you allowed to
get the work but you can get it. ‘As a whole’ prevents the limitation of access by
indirect means, for example by only allowing access to a few items of a database at a
time.

2 . R ED IS T RI BU T I ON
The license shall not restrict any party from selling or giving away the work either on its
own or as part of a package made from works from many different sources. The
license shall not require a royalty or other fee for such sale or distribution.

3 . R EU SE
The license must allow for modifications and derivative works and must allow them to
be distributed under the terms of the original work.

Comment: Note that this clause does not prevent the use of ‘viral’ or share-alike
licenses that require redistribution of modifications under the same terms as the
original.
5 . ATT R I BUT I ON
The license may require as a condition for redistribution and re-use the attribution of
the contributors and creators to the work. If this condition is imposed it must not be
onerous. For example if attribution is required a list of those requiring attribution
should accompany the work.

6 . IN T E G RIT Y
The license may require as a condition for the work being distributed in modified form
that the resulting work carry a different name or version number from the original
work.

7 . NO DIS C R I M I N AT I O N A GA I NS T PE R S ONS OR G ROU P S
The license must not discriminate against any person or group of persons.

Comment: In order to get the maximum benefit from the process, the maximum
diversity of persons and groups should be equally eligible to contribute to open
knowledge. Therefore we forbid any open-knowledge license from locking anybody
out of the process.

Comment: this is taken directly from item 5 of the OSD.
8 . NO DIS C R I M I N AT I O N A GA I NS T FI EL D S OF END EAV OR
The license must not restrict anyone from making use of the work in a specific field of
endeavor. For example, it may not restrict the work from being used in a business, or
from being used for genetic research.

Comment: The major intention of this clause is to prohibit license traps that prevent
open source from being used commercially. We want commercial users to join our
community, not feel excluded from it.

Comment: this is taken directly from item 6 of the OSD.

9 . DI S TR IB U TI O N OF L I C EN S E
The rights attached to the work must apply to all to whom it is redistributed without
the need for execution of an additional license by those parties.

Comment: This clause is intended to forbid closing up knowledge by indirect means
such as requiring a non-disclosure agreement.

Comment: this is taken directly from item 7 of the OSD.
1 0. L IC EN S E M U S T N OT B E S P E CI F I C TO A PAC KAG E
The rights attached to the work must not depend on the work being part of a
particular package. If the work is extracted from that package and used or distributed
within the terms of the work’s license, all parties to whom the work is redistributed
should have the same rights as those that are granted in conjunction with the original
package.

Comment: this is taken directly from item 8 of the OSD.

1 1. L IC EN S E M U S T N OT R E S TR I C T TH E DI S TRIB UTION OF
O T HE R W O R K S
The license must not place restrictions on other works that are distributed along with
the licensed work. For example, the license must not insist that all other works
distributed on the same medium are open.

Comment: Distributors of open knowledge have the right to make their own choices.
Note that ‘share-alike’ licenses are conformant since those provisions only apply if the
whole forms a single work.

Comment: this is taken directly from item 9 of the OSD.
          22                                        10
        COUNTRIES                                  US CITIES




                                         29
                                      US STATES



WHO HAS OPEN DATA?
CASE STUDIES IN THE US AND FROM AROUND THE GLOBE
                       UNITED STATES   IRELAND
                       AUSTRALIA       ITALY
                       AUSTRIA         KENYA
                       CANADA          MOLDOVA
                       DENMARK         MOROCCO
22 COUNTRIES           ESTONIA         NEW ZEALAND
HAVE OPEN DATA SITES
                       FRANCE          NORWAY
                       FINLAND         SINGAPORE
                       GERMANY         SPAIN
                       GREECE          TIMOR-LESTE
                       HONG KONG       UNITED KINGDOM
Alabama       Louisiana                 Ohio
Alaska        Maine                     Oklahoma
Arizona       Maryland                  Oregon
Arkansas      Massachusetts             Pennsylvania
California    Michigan                  Rhode Island
Colorado      Minnesota                 South Carolina
Connecticut   Mississippi               South Dakota
Delaware      Missouri                  Tennessee
Florida       Montana       29/50       Texas
                            US STATES
Georgia       Nebraska                  Utah
Hawaii        Nevada                    Vermont
Idaho         New Hampshire             Virginia
Illinois      New Jersey                Washington
Indiana       New Mexico                West Virginia
Iowa          New York                  Wisconsin
Kansas        North Carolina            Wyoming
Kentucky      North Dakota
                          2008   2009   2010   2011   2012
 WASHINGTON DC
 NEW YORK, NY
 SAN FRANCISCO, CA
 ARVADA, CO
 ANN ARBOR, MI
 SEATTLE, WA
 PORTLAND, OR
 BOSTON, MA
 BALTIMORE, MD
 CHICAGO, IL

10 US CITIES
HAVE OPEN DATA WEBSITES
APP COMPETITIONS
GREAT WAY TO FOSTER INNOVATION BY BRINGING PEOPLE TOGETHER
                            APPS FOR HEALTHY KIDS


$60,000                                                   150+


$50,000
                                                                                   NYC BIG APPS 2.0

                                                                             57
$40,000         APPS FOR DEMOCRACY
                                              65
                                     47                                      107
                                                    DESIGN FOR AMERICA
$30,000
                                              47                          APPS FOR DEVELOPMENT

                   44                               APPS FOR AMERICA 2
$20,000                                                                                     33
                APPS FOR AMERICA                                                     CIVIC APPS

$10,000                                                                  APPS FOR THE ENVIRONMENT
                                                                                            38

                         2009                        2010                          2011

APP COMPETITIONS IN THE US
TOTAL CASH PRIZE AND NUMBER OF SUBMISSIONS BY YEAR
 STEP 1 CHOOSE YOUR DATABASE
 STEP 2 APPLY AN OPEN LICENSE
 STEP 3 MAKE THE DATA AVAILABLE
 STEP 4 MAKE IT DISCOVERABLE

4 STEPS TO OPENING GOVERNMENT DATA
OPEN DATA LICENSES
PUBLIC DOMAIN, CREATIVE COMMONS, & OPEN DATA COMMONS LICENSES
                             CREATIVE COMMONS         CC VER 1. RELEASED       CC0 RELEASED
                             2001                     2002                     2009
                             WITH SUPPORT FROM THE    INTRODUCES MACHINE       UNIVERSAL WAIVER FOR
                             CENTER FOR THE PUBLIC    READABLE COPYRIGHT       PERMANENTLY RELEASING
PUBLIC DOMAIN                DOMAIN AT DUKE.          LICENSES.                RIGHTS TO DATABASE.
18TH CENTURY
BRITISH AND FRENCH JURIST USED                                PDDL RELEASED
TERMS SUCH AS PUBLICI JURIS TO
DESCRIBE WORKS NOT COVERED
                                                              2008
                                                              FIRST EVER OPEN DATA
BY COPYRIGHT LAW.
                                                              LICENSE.                  ODC JOINS OKF
                                     OPEN DATA COMMONS
                                                                                        2009
                                     2007
                                     LEGAL TOOLS FOR OPEN
                                     DATA.




          2001     2002    2003    2004    2005      2006   2007    2008              2010    2011
                                                                              2009


  OPEN KNOWLEDGE FOUNDATION                                                OPEN DATA MANUAL
                                      OPEN DEFINITION RELEASED
  2004                                                                     2010
  VOLUNTEER POWERED NONPROFIT
                                      2006
                                      DEFINING THE OPEN IN OPEN DATA,      BASIC CONCEPTS AND
  DEDICATED TO PROMOTING OPEN                                              CONCRETE INFO ON OPEN DATA
                                      OPEN CONTENT, AND OPEN SERVICES.
  KNOWLEDGE FOUNDED IN UK.                                                 IN RELATION TO GOVERNMENT.




HISTORY OF OPEN DATA LICENSES
LEGAL TOOLS AND OTHER RESOURCES FOR OPENING UP GOVERNMENT DATA
Three “Layers”
of Licenses
Introduced by Creative
Commons in 2002.
         Creative Commons                       Open Data Commons
RIGHTS

                  To Share                               To Share
                 To Remix                                To Create
                                                         To Adapt
RESTRICTIONS

                 Attribution                            Attribution
                 ShareAlike                             Share-Alike
                                                        Keep Open
                                NOT
               NonCommercial    OPEN
                                NOT
                  NoDeriv       OPEN

WAIVER

                No Copyright

TERMINOLOGY - HUMAN READABLE
TERMINOLOGY USED BY CREATIVE COMMONS AND OPEN DATA COMMONS
“A piece of content or data is open if anyone is free to use,
reuse, and redistribute it - subject only, at most, to the
requirement to attribute and share-alike.”
Open Definition
  Open Data Commons
Public Domain and License   ATTRIBUTION   SHARE-ALIKE
         (PDDL)



  Open Data Commons
   Attribution License
                            ATTRIBUTION   SHARE-ALIKE



  Open Data Commons
   Database License         ATTRIBUTION   SHARE-ALIKE
        (ODbl)



Creative Commons CCZero
          (CC0)
                            ATTRIBUTION   SHARE-ALIKE


DATA LICENSES CONFORMANT TO OPEN DEFINITION
     THE DATA HUB    FACTUAL          SOCRATA
                               SEATTLE, BALTIMORE, CHICAGO




RESOURCES FOR OPENING DATA
                  CHALLENGEPOST ENABLES PEOPLE AND ORGANIZATIONS
                  TO CHALLENGE THE PUBLIC TO SOLVE PROBLEMS AND
                  ACCOMPLISH GOALS COLLECTIVELY.
                  APPS FOR HEALTHY KIDS, NYC BIG APPS, NYC BIG APPS 2.0,
                  APPS FOR DEVELOPMENT, APPS FOR THE ENVIRONMENT, MTA APPQUEST




                  SUNLIGHT LABS IS A NONPROFIT COMMUNITY OF OPEN
                  SOURCE DEVELOPERS AND DESIGNERS DEDICATED
                  TO OPENING UP YOUR GOVERNMENT TO MAKE IT MORE
                  TRANSPARENT, ACCOUNTABLE, AND RESPONSIBLE.
                  APPS FOR AMERICA, APPS FOR AMERICA 2, DESIGN FOR AMERICA




                  CIVIC COMMONS IS A NONPROFIT INITIATIVE IN NEW YORK
                  THAT HELPS GOVERNMENTS BUILD AND USE SHARED
                  TECHNOLOGIES - AROUND OPEN CODE AND OPEN DATA.




ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:224
posted:5/31/2012
language:
pages:23