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Concern India Foundation PROJECT PROPOSAL_model_

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a) Information about the organization : Gramodhaya is a grass roots level voluntary organization working in Tirunelveli, Tuticorin and Kanyakumari Districts. The administrative office is in Tirunelveli.

Gramodhaya has undertaken several interventions in the villages and slums with the full participation of the community. Sanitation and waste management is one of the major focus area of Gramodhaya.

Please refer annexure - ii b) The Target area : The target area of the project is parts of Tirunelveli Municipal Corporation. Tirunelveli is one of the Five Municipal corporations in Tamil Nadu. It has a population of about 4.8 lakhs. To initiate the project, it is proposed to work in the Eastern part of the town where the socially and economically disadvantaged people are concentrated. The population to be covered initially would be about 30,000. It will be a pilot project in the first two years. After creating good impact, it will serve as a model for the entire town. It is proposed to expand the activities to the entire town from the third year onwards.

2. JUSTIFICATION FOR PROJECT COMPONENT: Environment is polluted in the target area in several ways. Among them, domestic waste is the most common and important pollutant. The municipal corporation of Tirunelveli has a waste disposal system; but not a proper waste management system. From collection to safe disposal, there are serious gaps. Every day, about 160 tones of domestic waste is generated. About 80% of this is wet and 20% dry waste. The residents are mostly unaware of the negative impact of the wastes on environment and eco system and ultimately on their health. They do not follow proper waste disposal practices. Therefore, they throw the

wastes in the streets and gutters. The municipal corporation does not clear the wastes regularly. Heaped garbage and blocked gutters breed vectors and diseases spread. The situation is worse in areas like slums where the poorest are concentrated in narrow spaces. 8 corporation sanitary workers and 25 rag pickers are engaged in this area. The number of sanitary workers is highly inadequate. They are unable to collect the garbage every day in every street.


The rag pickers collect non biodegradable materials from the wastes. They sell it to a middleman at very low prices. The rag pickers are socio-economically at the lowest rungs. They are often looked at with suspicion and disrespect. They are most unorganized. Their self-confidence is very low. As such, they have no bargaining power. The middle men exploit them. The police harass them. Their children are not sent to school. Children also are engaged in rag picking.

In this situation, the community has to be sensitized about proper domestic waste disposal. The rag pickers also have to be educated and enabled to improve their quality of life. A mutually beneficial complementary link has to be established between the community and rag pickers. Lobbying with the municipal corporation authorities also need to be

undertaken to collect and dispose the domestic wastes adhering to the urban waste disposal recommendations 2000.




1. OVERALL PROGRAMME OBJECTIVE : To improve environmental sanitation through domestic waste management.

2. PROJECT PURPOSE:    To sensitize the residents in the target area about domestic solid waste management and motivate them to follow proper disposal of wastes. To promote a link between the community and the rag pickers operating in the target area and enable them to raise their quality of life. To lobby with the municipal corporation to clear the garbages every day.



Activity 1. and how this will be carried out Selection of staff and training. Five community workers (CW) will be selected at the beginning of the project. They will be given two days of training on environment in general, types of wastes and their negative impact, waste audit, proper waste disposal methods, approaches and strategies. One of the CWs will function as the project coordinator (PCO).
Result How is the progress going to be measured Frequency at which progress will be measured and by whom Qualitative Quantitative After  5 staff


Before After Before the Had Assessment through During little Have the basic  No staff informal questions and training and at the knowledge on knowledge on end of the training environment and environment a written test and by the resource solid waste solid waste person management management Less confidence to More confident to implement the implement the project project


Activity 2 House visits and Focus Group Meeting . There are about 10000 houses in the target area. Four staff will be allotted 2250 house each and they will visit 7 to 8 houses per day. The PCO will visit 1000 houses per year and also monitor the activities of other staff. The 4 staff will conduct two Focus Group Meetings (FGM) each per day and the PCO will conduct one FGM per day. To ensure the cooperation of every body the staff will educate the households about the following: a) the necessity of domestic waste management b) the need to separate bio degradable and bio non degradable wastes at home c) the negative impact of improper waste disposal on their health and environment. The households will be motivated by the staff to follow proper waste management practices including segregation of degradable and non degradable waste at home. Follow up visits also will be made by the staff to encourage the households to regularly practice the domestic waste management activities. The staff will also facilitate linkages between the rag pickers and corporation sanitary workers and the communities.
How is the progress going to be measured     Frequency at which progress will be measured and by whom Result Qualitative Quantitative After About 10000 households will have the knowledge on waste management About 10000 houses and 64 streets / lanes will be clean.

Before After Before Staff diary Weekly once by Households had Households will  About 10000  the PCO little knowledge have complete households Monitoring waste knowledge of had little Twice a month about visits domestic waste knowledge on by the NGO management Cleaner homes waste Garbage littered management director Cleaner streets management within the house Cleaner houses  About 10000  and street lanes and street lanes Households and 64 streets / lanes were littered with garbage.


Activity 3 Training to the rag pickers and sanitary workers One day training to 22 rag pickers and 8 sanitary workers who work in the selected area will be conducted to give them the basic knowledge on a) environment and solid waste management b) safety measures to be followed c) personality development
How is the progress going to be measured  Frequency at which progress will be measured and by whom Result Qualitative Quantitative


Before After Before After Attendance  When needed  Had little  Have the  Absences of  22 rag register and by officers from knowledge on basic knowledge systematic pickers and 8 report to verify CONCERN environment and on environment regular sanitary the attendance  waste and solid waste collection and workers At the end of solid management disposal of regularly Informal the training by management solid waste. collect and questions the resource  Had very low  Improved dispose solid during the person and self-esteem. self esteem waste sessions and at director of  More properly. the end of the Gramodhaya acceptance form training to the community assess the newly gained knowledge and attitude


Activity 4 Training to the leaders of Women SHGs and other Community Based Organizations ( CBOs) The women SHGs and other CBOs wield enormous influence in the community. They are also the agents of change in the community. They can play a crucial role to ensure the involvement of the community and to lobby with the corporation. But they need to have the knowledge on related issues and given the motivation. Then only they will be able to influence the community to follow proper waste management. Leaders from the existing 28 women self help groups and 15 CBOs like youth groups and Community Committees will be given a one day training on a) environment b) waste management c) the negative impact of improper waste disposal on environment and health d) the role of the CBOs in maintaining proper disposal of waste in the community. These leaders also will be helped to discuss the existing situation and necessary community actions to improve the situation.
Frequency at which progress will be measured and by whom Result Qualitative Quantitative

How is the progress going to be measured 


Before After Before After Attendance When needed by Had little Have the basic  Did not bother  Involve in register and officers from knowledge on knowledge on about littered activities report to verify CONCERN environment and environment and waste in their related to the attendance At the end of the solid waste solid waste streets and proper management surroundings disposal of Informal training by the management solid waste. questions to resource person  Motivate assess the and director of newly gained Gramodhaya people in their knowledge communities to follow proper solid waste disposal.


Activity 5 Monthly meetings for the rag pickers Monthly meetings will be conducted for the 25 rag pickers in our office which is very close to the target area. The purpose of the meeting is a) sharing of experiences and difficulties encountered in the filed b) find out solutions to the problems as a team c) personality development d) pave the way to form into a self help group. The meeting will be conducted for half day from 3.30 p.m to 7.30 p.m Meals and refreshment will be given. Besides, a stipend of Rs. 100 will be given to encourage them in their unrecognised service.
How is the progress going to be measured  Frequency at which progress will be measured and by whom Result Qualitative Quantitative

Attendance When needed by register and officers from report CONCERN. By the director of Gramodhaya after every meeting.

Before After Before After Had very low self Improved self  Had no  One self help esteem and little esteem and more organisation group formed. acceptance. acceptance among them Most unorganized Able to get No support from organized Support of any agency. Little bargaining CONCERN and Gramodhaya power. Acquired more bargaining power.


Activity 6 Formation of rag pickers self help group and establish direct linkages with the recyclers. The rag pickers will be enabled to form a self help group (SHG) exclusively for them. They will be given the necessary input in their monthly meetings. The SHG will serve as the platform for them to come together as an organized group and gain better bargaining power. Through the SHG with the support of Gramodhaya direct linkage will be established with the recyclers so that, without the exploitation of the middlemen, they can get just prices for the waste materials collected by them. The SHG will also be used for promoting savings and credit scheme among them and avail credit from banks for additional income generation purposes. In the second year, additional income generation activities like vermi compost which could harmoniously fit in their context would be attempted. The type of income generation activity will be decided in their SHG meeting.
Frequency at which progress will be measured and by whom Result Qualitative Quantitative After There is one SHG for the rag pickers All the members of the SHG have savings habit. Bank account started in SHG name. Loan from group savings and banks started. 100% independency with direct linkages with recyclers and just price for their work.

How is the progress going to be measured   

Before After Before SHG monthly By the PCO in They were most They are  No CBO  meeting every meeting. unorganized. organized among the rag records once a month. pickers They had no They have Savings & By the PCO for savings habit. saving habit.  Number of rag  Credit records all the Loan taken from They lend small pickers in correspondence the middlemen and amounts among savings habit Correspondence were almost with recyclers By the Director money lenders at themselves from SHG. nil.  of Gramodhaya 5% per month. their They had no bank Dependency on  Loan once in a month from account middlemen and middle men They had no direct money lenders and money  linkage with the reduced. They lenders will have a bank  No recyclers and bank hence exploited by account in the account name of their  100% the middlemen.  SHG dependency on Direct linkage middlemen. with the recyclers established and exploitation by the middlemen stopped.


Activity 7 Non formal education to rag picking children and rag picker’s children : The rag picking children and the school dropout children of the rag pickers will be gathered in their living area every evening by the staff and non formal education will be conducted to them by the staff. Every effort will be made to put them in the mainstream schooling. The staff will be trained in the basics of non formal education and ability based learning (ABL) methodologies.
How is the progress going to be measured Frequency at which progress will be measured and by whom Result Qualitative Quantitative

Before After Before After Daily attendance Once in a week The children were The children are  The number of  The number register of the by the PCO unable to read and able to read and children of children children write. unable to read able to read Once in a month write. and write was and write is Staff diary by the Director more. more. of Gramodhaya  The number of  The number children who of children The children had The children are dropping who regularly less formation. have better out from go to school is formation and school was more. manners. more.  The number  The number of of children children with with good bad manners manners are were more. more.


Activity 8 Street theatre programme : 12 street theatre programmes will be conducted in the target area to sensitize the community about a) the negative impact of improper ways of solid waste disposal b) the importance of following proper solid waste management including separation of bio degradable and bio non degradable waste at source. A team of ten people will conduct the street theatre programme in the target area late in the evenings.
How is the progress going to be measured Frequency at which progress will be measured and by whom Result Qualitative Quantitative

Before After Before After Report about each Whenever needed Less knowledge More knowledge  Very few  About 90% street theatre by officers from and motivation and better people were people will be programme. CONERN. regarding solid motivation to aware of aware of proper proper waste proper waste After every waste management follow solid waste management, management, programme by among the people. management impact on impact on the director of among the environment environment Gramodhaya. people. and health. and health.  Very few  About 90% people people will be followed aware of proper waste proper waste management. management, impact on environment and health.


Activity 9 Formation of community eco clubs : Community Eco clubs will be formed in each area. The representatives of the CBOs and key influencers and community leaders will be included in the Eco Club. The Eco Club members will meet once in a month and discuss about the waste management related activities, rectification measures and increasing community involvement. They will be pro active. They will lobby with the municipal corporation for better services related to waste management. They will be encouraged to engage in other environment promotion activities like tree planting.
Frequency at Result which progress will be Qualitative measured and by whom Before After Minutes book of Once in a month Knowledge, Knowledge,  the Eco Clubs by the PCO attitude and attitude and behaviour of the behaviour of the community community regarding waste regarding waste management and management and environment were environment are very low. high. Involvement of the Involvement of community in the community waste management in waste manage was very low. ment is high. How is the progress going to be measured

Quantitative Before After Almost nil  More number number of of initiatives initiatives from the from the community community regarding regarding waste waste management management and and environment. environment.


4. SITUATIONAL ASSUMPTIONS AND RISKS: Assumptions and Risks Alternative strategies 1. The rag pickers are a very unorganized 1. It can be overcome with group. It is proposed in the project to  More intensive one to one interactions organize them into Self Help Group. with them by the staff. They may not come together.  Make them feel that their SHG will have the backing of Gramodhaya and enhance their identity and esteem.  Arrange with the other active women SHG members to speak to them about the benefits of coming together as a SHG.  Exposure Visit to one of the nearby SHGs. 2. It is assumed that the rag pickers will live 2. It can be overcome with in the particular area permanently; but  Ensuring additional income generation they can migrate to other places / cities. opportunities like vermi compost through their SHG with credit from bank and subsidy from CONCERN.  Improving their houses by getting patta for their huts and helping them to have a simple permanent house with the assistance of the Government and / or donor agencies. 3. It is assumed that the rag picking 3. It can be overcome with Children can be gathered together for non  More personalized approach by the formal education; but the children have staff. dropped out from school because they  Continuous motivation to the children and their parents are not interested in and parents. studies.  Arranging interaction with school going children.  Take the children to a nearby school where children enjoy their schooling.

5. IMPACT ASSESSMENT: The project will change the lives of the beneficiaries very much. a) The lives of the rag pickers :      They will have more self esteem. Suspected and chased away by the community earlier; but will be accepted by the community as key players in environmental sanitation. Children of the rag pickers who were not educated will be educated. The rack pickers will be able to increase their income from the present average daily income of Rs. 40 to Rs. 70. They were most unorganized earlier but will become very organized in Self Help Group and have more bargaining power.


b) The community :      The community will have greater awareness on environment and waste management. Each household in the community will follow proper waste disposal activities. The streets and surroundings will be cleaner. Community involvement and initiatives will be more. The waste management activities will ensure the arrest of further degradation of the environment and improve the health of the people.


SUSTAINABILITY: How will the capacity of the organization/beneficiaries be

strengthened in order for them to continue their work in the future? The capacity of the beneficiaries will be increased to a great extent and they will continue their work in the future.

a) Rag pickers : The capacity of the rag pickers will be increased through the trainings and monthly meetings. The SHG formed for them will be strengthened. Through the SHG they will come together and increase their capacity and bargaining power further. The direct linkage

established with the recyclers and their acceptability in the community will enable them increased income which will motivate the rag pickers to continue their work.

b) The community : The households will have the habit of waste management by the end of the project period and enjoyed the results like better health, better aesthetic home and surroundings. These will motivate them to follow the waste management activities continuously. The involvement of the community and eco club will act as a mechanism to tackle offenders and engage in pro active measures.


7. PHASE OUT STRATEGY: What is the exit plan with regard to direct beneficiaries/geographical area/funding? The proposed project period is five years, after which Gramodhaya will withdraw and the beneficiaries will continue the project.

Formation of SHG for the rag pickers, establishing direct linkage with the recyclers and capacity building trainings will enable the rag pickers to undertake the activities on their own by the end of the fourth year. In the fifth year Gramodhaya will give only technical support and withdraw completely by the end of the fifth year.

The eco clubs formed in the community will be strengthened through capacity building trainings. They will be encouraged to take initiatives regarding waste management and environment promoting activities with their own resource. The eco clubs will be

registered in the fourth year. Gramodhaya will give only technical support in the fourth and fifth year and withdraw completely at the end of the fifth year.

8. CONCLUSION: Though issues and pollutants are many regarding environmental degradation, domestic wastes is one of the important causes in which everybody is involved. In the absence of major pollutants in the area, improper domestic waste disposal becomes a major cause. Therefore, it has to be addressed urgently involving the community. As the rag pickers play an important role in reducing the environmental degradation, they need special attention and helped to play their role well by improving their quality of life. Ultimately, the project will ensure arresting of environmental degradation caused by domestic wastes, improve the health of the community and uplift the living standards of the rag pickers.

It is rather difficult to change the habits formed from childhood. Sustained efforts in disseminating knowledge on environmental degradation, motivation to households to follow proper waste management practices, involvement of the community and rag pickers, strong lobbying with the municipal corporation for daily lifting of garbages will ensure the success of the project. * * * * * *


III. 1.



Sl. No. 1 1.1 1.2





Capacity building to the staff Training to staff on Environment Training to staff on Non formal Education Sub Total 5 x 5 x staff x 2 days Rs. 300 staff x 2 days Rs. 300 3,000 3,000 6,000 3,000 3,000 6,000

2 2.1

Capacity building to the community Training to Rag pickers (25) and sanitary workers (8) Training to SHG leaders Training to CBO leaders Monthly meetings expenses for rag pickers Sub Total 33 persons Rs. 200 x 6,600 11,250 7,500 22,500 47,850 6,600 11,250 7,500 22,500 47,850

2.2 2.3 2.4

75 persons x Rs. 150 50 persons x Rs. 150 25 persons x 6 times x Rs. 150

3 3.1 3.2

Awareness programme Street theatre 6 prog. x Rs. programme 3000 Competition to students Sub Total 18,000 700 18,700 18,000 700 18,700


4 4.1


5 5.1 5.2 5.3

Education materials and Consumables Non formal education materials for rag pickers children Consumables of waste handling & uniform Sub Total Salary and Related establishing cost PCO CW Expenses related to establishing direct linkages with the recyclers, SHG records, staff records, documentation. Sub Total Travel 1 x Rs. 2500 x 6 months 4 x Rs. 1500 x 6 months

7,500 12,500 20,000



7,500 12,500 20,000

15,000 36,000



15,000 36,000









6 6.1

Travel expenses for the staff & monitoring Sub Total Administrative Cost Postage, phone and communication – part payment Office rent – part payment Part time Accountant cum computer operator Auditing Sub Total Total Proposed Non Recurring Expenditure Total Grand Total

6,300 6,300 Rs. 500 x 6 months Rs. 500 x 6 months Rs. 1000 x 6 months Rs. 4000



6,300 6,300

7 7.1


3,000 3,000 6,000 2,000 14,000 14,000 14,000


3,000 3,000 6,000 2,000 14,000 166,850 166,850

7.2 7.3 7.4



The budget for the subsequent years will be submitted towards the end of the first year.




Sl. No. AC Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep TIV 07 07 07 08 08 08 08 08 08 08 08 08 ITI ES (in the first year )

1 Sta * ff sel ecti on and trai nin g 2 Ho * use visi ts and foc us gro up me etin gs 3 Tra * ini ng to rag pic ker s and san itar y wo rke rs 4 Tra ini ng to * * * * * * * * * * * *


the lea der s of wo me n SH Gs and oth er CB Os 5 Me * etin gs for the rag pic ker s 6 For mat ion of rag pic ker s SH G 7 Est abli sh dir ect lin kag e wit h the rec ycl ers 8 No n for mal edu * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *






cati on to rag pic kin g chil dre n and chil dre n of the rag pic ker s 9 Co ndu ct stre et the atre pro gra m me s in the tar get are a 10 For mat ion of Co m mu nit y Ec o Clu bs 11 Co mp * *




etit ion s to sch ool chil dre n









: Ensuring equal rights and opportunities to the oppressed and the marginalized to enhance the quality of their lives. : To facilitate the socially, economically and culturally marginalized sections of the society to enhance the quality of their lives through conscientisation, community organisation, direct interventions, linkage facilitation, capacity building and empowerment. : GRAMODHAYA SOCIAL SERVICE SOCIETY




Name of the Organisation

4. Address of the Organisation : 4.1 Administrative Head Office : 13, L.N. Puram Street Palayamkottai Tirunelveli - 627 002 Tamil Nadu, INDIA 4.2 Field Office&Training Centre : Vitilapuram Vilakku Krishnapuram Post Maharajanagar Via Tirunelveli – 627 011 Tamil Nadu, INDIA 4.3 Registered Office : Tuticorin 5.

Telephone and Fax Number E-mail Web site Telephone Number E-mail

: 0462 - 2582079 : : : 0462 - 6451210 :

Legal Status of the Organisation, Registration Number and Date : Registered under the Tamil Nadu Societies Registration Act. 27 of 1975 Registration Number : 15 / 92 Reg. Date : 04.03.1992 Registered under the FCRA of the Government of India FCRA Number : 076030107 Reg. Date : 03.09.1992 Registered under Income Tax Act No.s 12A and 80G for tax exemption.

6. 7.

Governing Body Members : Female : 12

Male :


Total : 15

Name of the Contact Person and Designation :
S.F. Amalraj, Secretary ; Mobile Phone No.91- 98421 63210 email :


Name and Address of the Bank with A/C Number : Indian Bank 6J, Madurai Road Tirunelveli Junction Tirunlveli - 627 001 Tamil Nadu, India Name of the account : Gramodhaya Social Service Society Account Number : SB a/c no. 475555350 Mode of operation : Joint operation by Secretary and Treasurer



Project Area and People :

The organisation works with the people living in 242 villages and slums in Tirunelveli and Tuticorin Districts in Tamil Nadu in Southernmost India. The poor and the marginalised sections of the society in the target area are benefiting from our services. The total number of people directly benefiting from the services of the organization is approximately 1,60,000. 10. Strategies :       11. a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l. m. n. o. p. q. r. s. t. Organizing, federating and empowering women and the marginalized. Conscientisation and campaign. Community organization and capacity building. Direct interventions when needed and linkage facilitation. Lobbying and policy advocacy. Networking with NGOs & linkage with resource systems. Completed and On - going programmes : Women Development – Women Self Help Groups (SHGs) Village Development Committees Formation of Youth Groups General Awareness Programmes Rehabilitation of the Disabled Reproductive and Child Health Programme Awareness Programmes on STD / HIV / AIDS AIDS Prevention and Control Project among Truckers, Helpers and Sex Workers Comprehensive Care, Support and Anti Retroviral Therapy for HIV+ families Medical Camps Ambulance services Provision of Safe Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion Creches (Pre-primary Schools) for Children Total Enrolment and Elimination of School Drop - outs Entrepreneurship Development Programme for Women and Youth Vocational Skill Trainings to Women and Youth Income Generation Project (IGP) for the Aged Waste Land Development Relief and Rehabilitation among Tsunami Victims Houses for the Poor

12. Source of Funding : For the implementation of the various project activities, grants have been received regularly from International Donor Agencies, the State Government of Tamil Nadu and the Central Government of India. Agencies like USAID ( through APAC ) and UNICEF have supported our activities. Local contributions also have been received from the target people, others and committee members of Gramodhaya in cash and kind. 13. Staff Pattern : Category Administrative Technical Field Staff Volunteers Total Male 2 2 7 11 Full Time Female 3 6 24 33 ******* Part Time Male Female 2 2 2 418 534 422 536 Total 9 10 31 952 1002



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