March 27th. Last lecture Global village: good but, also bad because washes away differences of different social societies. Global multi-national company: conduct business and have no responsibilities to preserving the community where it resides (flint, Michigan) - No loyalty: but not a bad thing. Why should they have loyalty? Community of allegiance: lawyers talk to lawyers more oppose to the people they work for. Hence they learn from each other. It’s an allegiance of info. Too much loyalty is a negative: professors pass their six-year tenure and do fuck all for the next 30 years. Routine jobs exist and society needs them: McDonalds, Basic data entry, agriculture, electrical and assembly line. March 20, 2007 - Lecture #10 A panel of speakers, as well as the rest of the CCIT faculty were available, to discuss Intellectual Property in the Digital Age. Two examples were provided by the first speaker, Paul Tackberry: For a brief description about the lawsuit from Viacom against You Tube & Google, here are links to MSNNBC, BBC News and New York Times: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/17592285/ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/6446193.stm http://www.nytimes.com/2007/03/14/business/14viacom.web.html?ex=1331524800&en=e96795 84c2827550&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss For the lawsuit from RIAA (Recording Association of America) against Universities, here's a press release fro RIAA: http://www.riaa.com/news/newsletter/022807.asp Another speaker, Bruno (please insert last name here) discussed questionnable changes in the copyright law and referred to the Electronic Frontier Foundation to highlight abuses of intellectual property rights. The website can be found here: http://www.eff.org/ “Defending Freedom in the Digital World” and click here for specific information about intellectual property documents and archives http://www.eff.org/IP/?f=archive.html Professor Wensley was the last speaker and talked about the lawsuit from the SCO Group against IBM (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCO_v._IBM_Linux_lawsuit). The latest information on this case is here: http://www.informationweek.com/news/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=198001720 Lecture 10 consisted of a panel of speakers who talked about copyright and other intellectual property online. Copyright infringement was the first topic. The copyright term is 75 years after the death of the copyright owner, who is in most cases the author/artist who created the original work. Copyright essentially awards the copyright owner with a monopoly on the work. We were told that there is no excuse for copyright infringement when it comes to online materials, and that the “I didn’t really steal it because it’s in digital format so no one is left without a copy” excuse will not save anyone from being sued. The way to avoid infringement is to get a written consent of the copyright owner for the specific purpose that you want it for. Next, we learned that everyone wants to benefit from copyrighted work: the artists want to get paid, and the distributors want to market and sell the product so that they can profit, so it is a symbiotic relationship between the creators and the publishers. Contracts are also important because it is how the creators get paid. Work for hire is to be avoided because it deprives the creator from any future copyright rights to the work. Also, it is not a good idea to sign away one’s rights, because for example an artist cannot know whether his/her work might gain commercial value in the future, therefore should not take the chance (as Professor Anthony Wensley noted - you don’t want to sell your copyright to someone for $50 only to discover a year later that the new copyright owners are making millions from your work). One of the speakers also noted that the Blank Tape Tax is an unfair tax because we pay for the future infringement that we might do, but it is supposed to be illegal, therefore not to be done. But one thing this tax is good for is for making a back-up. Even though the decryption of digital locks is illegal, one can make a copy of a cassette and put it onto a CD. --by Tijana Stolic March 13, 2007 - Lecture # 9 Mr Jones in lecture today elaborated on a general note about the digital divide. He mentioned the digital divide within canada; along racial lines(also using demographics as a tool). He also touched on global digital divide with the exception of a few rapidly growing economies, like India and China whom are presently leep- frogging when it comes to ICT(informations and Communications Technology) advancement. I will like to discuss the digital divide within the African context, specifically Zimbabwe. First i will breifly discuss foreign aid, exclusively from the developed world and how ineffective it can be. The digital divide has been and will be a major concern for those who believe in an ubiquitous technologically advanced world. Technology advancement strongly correlates with higher standards of living making it obvious that "for a better life" we have to strive in this field. "ICT is integrated into initiatives in healthcare, education, small business development, government services and other programs in the countries and communities that have the most to gain"(bridges.org, editor). In 2002, the New Partnership for African Development (NEPAD), the World Economic Forum (WEF) and the e-Africa Commission created the e-Readiness Policy Programme to help African countries address policy issues that affect information communications technology (ICT) use in the region. These "generous" NGO's claim that not for long Africa will be technologically advanced. An average african citizen will celebrate in euphoria upon reception of this information, but is soon to realise that alot of problems arise from this claim which begs the question, "how is this possible when almost 80 percent or more of africans live in poverty and are oblivious of any form of electronic technology and its uses". Even if their was technological infrastructure available, the intellectual capital to support and make use of technological advancement is not parvasive(nor existent in some areas). Posing a fallacy in the solution of the digital divide. If this problem is to ever be bridged the focus should be on basic educational advancement as a base for technological advancement rather than an illusion that africans will catchup with readily available infrastructure. Zimbabwe's case of ICT development is a classic case of how technology could be used as a weapon against dictators/oppresors. Two Zimbabwean women, Bev Clark and Brenda Burrell started a civil rights website called the "Kubatana" Project, a non governmental civil rights project which is aimed at exposing President Robert Mugabe's atrocities agaisnt humanity in his 22yr rule of zimbabwe. This website and others similar are posing a problem for an already infamous leader who is well known for harsh government pollicy on the media. People both internationally and locally believe the president is losing his iron-grip on the country, helping give momentum to an already bold rebellion. To find out more please refer to My main source: http://www.bridges.org/case_studies/349 --By: Talib Bensouda Even small libraries are provided in small countries. The libraries provide Internet access as part of an initiative to provide information. T.V tax – to fund BBC tax in some places of U.K New Brunswick – Government wanted hi-tech industry in the province – So they made hi-tech infrastructure in 94 95. Bangladesh- uses cell phones instead of landlines. 100$ laptops leads to leap frogging effect. However, new technology will not work if you need a lot of infrastructures or training. March 6, 2007 - Lecture #8 For lecture 8 we had a guest lecturer Matt Gorbet of Gorbet Design Inc. Matt went to MIT and after working for other people for a while, he founded this company with his wife and his brother. Gorbet Design specializes in bringing art, design, and nature together in creative ways. They create exploratory interfaces for people to interact with, in unexpected places and in unexpected ways. The points he brings up as essential in making a successful piece are: 1. Talk to the Hind Brain – it is the Idea that we can be aware of things in our periphery when doing/concentrating on something else. He calls it Ambient Data Processing. 2. Focus on Intent – means to Always do work thinking of the content and the purpose of the piece, and ask yourself and the customer what is the issue, and what they want to accomplish with this project. 3. Create Social Currency – the purpose of their work is to engage people, but to engage them when they don’t expect it. This is why Gorbet Design avoids working for galleries and such places because people come prepared to experience something new, to places like that. Thus, they do design in public places, stores etc. in order to surprise and delight their audience. And the main purpose of this third point is to have people experience something and then call upon other people to see and use it, acting as advertisements for the product. 4. Technology is a means to an end – it is not the main focus of the piece, but the underlying structure of it that people can’t see, and that is not essential to understanding and interacting with it. 5. Surprise and Delight – bring artwork and design work to people in unexpected places and in unexpected ways. --by Tijana Stolic Relevant links: Gorbet Design Interactive Architecture I thought it was interesting to have Matt come in to present us to his work, his designs were different and I thought I'd talk about his points in making a sucessful piece. I find that the point about the fact to focus on the intent is very hard. I think that it is extremely hard to try to understand what the customer wants and put it into the design. Sometimes the customer itself may not be able to tell the company what is the exact design that they want. Thus for this type of job it is so essential to be paitent,becuase you could create many designs that is just not the rught fit. Something that you don't think will work will probaby be the exact thing the customer is looking for. I find that the surprise and delight factor is also hard to cover since you need to be very creative to produce an unexpected product that is still presented in a meaningful way. -helen It was great to have Mr. Gorbet come in and talk to us about all the interesting stuff that he does. Before he came to the lecture to speak to us, I had visited his site and I was just amazed with his work. I had been to the Drake Hotel before and I had seen the work that Mr. Gorbet had done but didn't really pay much attention to it. It is something that is a must see, especially if you live in the downtown area. You should drop by the Drake Hotel and check it out. I was very inspired with the amount of patience that Mr. Gorbet has when he designs everything. It much be very dificult to stay focused and not get distracted by what others have to say about your designs. Its hard to get exact details done and get exactly what the person wants done when there are people criticizing your work when you've worked so hard at creating the design that you have made. - Vishal The first principle is "Talk to the Hind Brain", which Mr. Gorbet uses the example of it being responsible for walking around but not really focusing on it. With the understanding of gravity, the Tilty Tables were created with exploratory interfaces that society already understand - this is seen by the users moving the table which functions as a navigator. The reading wall functions as if the user leaps through a book. This is different from museum reading. The second principle is "Focus on Intent". Herman Miller RED Ambient Media Display was looking for an artwork for their wall. The design was displayed on the wall, and showed the logo of the company and showed people inside the story what was happening with the company. The third principle was "Create Social Currency". The Drake Hotel is an edgy place, where they wanted to leave a mark. Gorbet Design created the 'Threshold Memory' and 'Heartbeat'. Not only does it allow the users to leave a mark, but it functions as an internal salesperson. The fourth principle was "Technology is a means to an end" The Lileo Light Fountain was created to reflect the vibe. Technology is used but it wasn't the point of it. The last principle was "Surprise and Delight", where it created brand new experience. P2P is 'Power to the People', where it was a form of public expression. -Flora Tran March 3, 2007. I found a whole blog concerning " security, freedom and privacy in the wired world". I found it on the Wired magazine website. The link is http://blog.wired.com/27bstroke6/__ . I remember professor Jones mentioning in lecture how market research companies and people who compile demographic information sell our own data back to us. This confuses me and is damn stupid, why are these companies allowed to do this? However, not only do they sell our own information back to us, they also keep the secret from us in order to manipulate us so we can buy their products. Congressional Research Service on the consumer is hot on the market, this is a good example of knowledge as power and commodity. Shouldn't this knowledge commodity and power belong to the people? The direct link is http://blog.wired.com/27bstroke6/2007/02/cottage_industr.html . February 27, 2007 - additional Comment to Lecture 7 During today’s lecture, Professor Jones discussed real or fictional examples of surveillance from the nation-state perspective. He mentioned the KGB’s and China’s control of the population as a real example and the George Orwell book “1984”as a fictional account. He asked for other examples and I mentioned the movie “The Lives of Others”. Please check the trailer online at http://www.sonyclassics.com/thelivesofothers/. I hope you have the chance to see it. It is a brilliant, powerful and wonderfully acted drama about a society under surveillance and how it affects everyone within it. On Sunday night, it won the Oscar for the best foreign- language film. It is a movie from Germany by first-time filmmaker Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck. Here’s what some movie critics have to say: From Filmcritic.com: “The Lives of Others is a rare film. It's a solemn work of art, a thrilling piece of entertainment, and a heart-wrenching portrait of both compassion and oppression… Set in East Berlin in 1984, the film starkly dramatizes the atmosphere of secrecy and paranoia enshrouding the totalitarian German Democratic Republic…. It's a grave and straightforward examination of the power of fear and man's ability to overcome it.” http://www.filmcritic.com/misc/emporium.nsf/84dbbfa4d710144986256c290016f76e/bbbaf725f8 8ba0eb8825725400748f7a?OpenDocument From Greenwich Village Gazette: "This is a monster movie without the conventional monsters. Science Fiction without the spacecraft or computers. “1984” for real…It's the real 1984, In East Berlin, the dictatorship of “Socialist Unity Party” has its grip firmly on the German people's throat." http://www.nycny.com/movies/lives_of_others_the/index.html From the San Francisco Chronicle: "At its core, "The Lives of Others" is about the different ways people live. It shows right ways and wrong ways and then, most compellingly, it puts a man who has lived his life in a desperately wrong way -- as a tormenter of innocents, as a government thug -- in the position of listening to the conversations and day-to-day interactions of a thoroughly decent man. This collision is compelling, and it lifts an already suspenseful and fascinating story about life in East Germany onto a metaphysical, universal plane. The result is a great film, the best I've seen since Terrence Malick's "The New World," and far and away the richest and most brilliantly acted picture to be released this Oscar season" http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/c/a/2007/02/16/DDG9IO4PID1.DTL&type=movies From GuideLive.com: "The Lives of Others weaves a compelling human drama into a chilling portrait of polite totalitarianism…In a society where 200,000 citizens have been enlisted to spy on friends and neighbors, paranoia and distrust eat at the "guilty" and the innocent alike…The Lives of Others isn't really an art film, unless you think subtitles automatically place a movie in that category. But it does something that more American movies should consider. It takes the time to build, slowly but surely, and raises the emotional and psychological stakes until you're all in. The final payoff comes in a redemptive last shot that speaks directly and powerfully to the characters' personal journeys" http://www.guidelive.com/portal/page?_pageid=33,97283&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL&ite m_id=52984________ February 27, 2007 - Lecture #7 Today’s lecture was about surveillance and technology, and how in the “Information society” it has become an issue that needs to be resolved in new and creative ways. Surveillance is now easy to implement, but it also has its limitations in terms of laws and flaws in terms of the amount of it provided. For example, large companies obtain a lot of information about their workers, but it is not possible for them to decipher it all in real time, thus it becomes useless unless a lot of time, effort and means are directed towards it, which in turn, leads to loss in revenue for the company because this kind of work is mostly not what the company does to make profit. On the other hand, there are companies like Web servers that have non-stop monitoring, and this is a positive way of using it because is a Web Server fails, entire sections of the world might go down with is, so an effective and fast action in that case is essential. Other parties sometimes attempt and succeed in taking this information gathered by companies and governments, illegally. Information like credit card numbers, social insurance numbers, etc. is valuable and confidential, and steps are taken to protect it, however theft does happen often. Identity theft for instance is one of the most pressing issues and is becoming relatively easy to do. Mostly, the results of identity theft are serious financial losses, but clear laws have not yet been set, to remedy these kinds of damages. Phishing, Pharming and deed theft are just some of the ways in which people stand to lose substantial amounts of money and even property. Some of the ways to prevent this from happening is returning to human contact, not using telephones when talking about things that should stay between two people only, and getting to know the people that can help you in person in order to get to know them and develop relationships of trust. For instance, if one goes to the same bank all the time, the bank staff will most likely get to know this person, and it would be hard to impersonate them in order to obtain large amounts of their money using a fraud credit card. --by Tijana Stolic Development of Surveillance Technology and Risk of Abuse of Economic Information This site is basically an extension of our knowledge from the lectures. The site provides examples of surveillance, the use of surveillance equipment for the collection and transmission of information and tools used for surveillance. Please see the site listed below: http://cryptome.org/dst-1.htm#PART%20B February 27, 2007 Mr jones in class today re-iterated over and over that surveillance is predominantly done in centralized(communist and fascist type) governments all round the world. Cuba a great example is notorious for monitoring its people, keeping everyone in line by censoring the news and punishing those who speak out against the government. This information isn't new to anyone but mr jones made an interesting point about the surveillance being done in democratic governments. Covert type surveillance (corporations sharing spending patterns of clients and private information) is extremely ubiquitous in developed democratic societies. It can be argued that this kind of surveillance is far more intense and intrusive than those conducted by other forms of Government. While fidel castro creates a controlled environment in the "pursuit of equality", the US government/corporations create a supposedly free environment werein subjects are monitored intensely for "economic gain". it is debatable which one is more free; while the former attempts to control the socio-economic environment, the latter gives a sense of pseudo-democracy but uses systemic covert operations juxtapposed with technology to monitor its population. It is no secret that bureaucracies have long since engaged in constant containment of society(ouvert or covert) to sustain stability and cultural homogeniety "making their nations better competitors in the world economy" or "for personal gain of the owners of the modes of Production". Examples: Satellite surveillance(Canada) Patriot Act(US) By Talib Bensouda Feb 27th Surveillance - Portuguese construction worker - Healthcare issue - They are unrecorded as citizens. - At one point: they were offered amnesty, but once everyone info was recorded they took amnesty offer away. Ethics - Red light camera: caught a man with his mistress Fishing- simulated website Pharming- simulated Internet connection. February 19, 2007 Professor Jones has already mentioned several books, during lectures. I have listed most of them below. You can click on the link to learn more about them. Professor’s Jones Book Club: • The Third Wave by Alvin Toffler http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Third_Wave_(book) • Creative Destruction by Joseph Schumpeter http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creative_destruction • The Cult of Information: A Neo-Luddite Treatise on High-Tech, Artificial Intelligence, and the - True Art of Thinking (Paperback) by Theodore Roszak http://www.ucpress.edu/books/pages/2051.html • The Ingenuity Gap by Thomas Homer-Dixon http://www.homerdixon.com/ • Minutes of the Lead Pencil Club: Pulling the Plug on the Electronic Revolution (Hardcover) http://www.alibris.com/search/books/qwork/4387116/used/Minutes of the Lead Pencil Club: Pulling the Plug on the Electronic Revolution • Sorting Things out by George Bowker and Susan Leigh Star http://www.istl.org/00- winter/review2.html • Looking Backward by Edward Bellamy http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/lookingbackward/ • The Conditions by David Harvey http://webpages.ursinus.edu/rrichter/harvey.html • Information Society by Richard Saul Wurman http://www.understandingusa.com/wurman.html • Free Agent Nation and A Whole New Mind by Dan Pink http://www.danpink.com/aboutdp.php FEB 13th. - Free trade leaves people in the dirt. - Information era allows for awareness for global issues - Drive growth of economy is primarily information services. - Blue-collar jobs are changing. Three biggest companies lay off thousands of people. - Its sad, but change isn’t necessarily a bad thing. - Change is inevitable - Detroit Michigan is ugly, depressing and dying population - India/china/Russia see growth due to information age. - These countries are taking the white collar jobs (number crunching jobs) - India is getting their feet wet in the industry, now they becoming industrial leaders. - Eventually, India/china will be outsourcing to North America. - Companies used to train and groom you to work up the ladder but now people switch careers frequently and are expected to. - Retirement age might have to be increased because people living longer - Pension plans weren’t designed to be collected for 20 years plus. Now there are severe problems, which may arise. Unionization: - Wal-Mart in the U.S will assign 27.5 hour shifts plus overtime pay, instead of employing full-time workers” - Where they have to give health care benefits. (For example RGIS inventory does the same shit) Creativity is paid well - Automotive industry: they are very secretive about their ideas, however this is bad because companies repeat each other’s mistakes. Our own local environments become foreign to us. - Inner-city model: people moving into the city again. - Canadian and European cities: outskirts of cities are slums and inner city is urban - This is more of an American idea, oppose to a North American model. Febuary 6, 2007 - Lecture #6 Today in lecture mr jones talked about some of the pros and cons of modernism. The point he made about; urbanisation as a result of modernism has increasingly created city slums (collateral damage) as a result of increasing demand for better transportation to support a large population. Meaning the development of railway lines and roads around or through communities cause middleclass people to move to more quiet and clean neghbourhoods which also causes the poor people who cant afford better, to cramp in ghettos and housing projects by these roads. This point caught my attention because relatively young cities such as Johannesburg, South Africa(one of the most industrialized cities in Africa) is facing the same problems. Modernization side by side with rampant urbanisation has increased the rate at which middle class residents are demanding cleaner environments whiles systematically cramping poorer residents in more crowded government abandoned neighbourhoods. This often leads to more social problems such as descrimination, racism, stigma and sometimes political stife. Here is a link if you would like to learn more. This is why johannesberg has one of the highest crime rates relative to other African cities. Poverty and urbanisation by- Talib Bensouda Your argument was very well throughout and accurate. I do agree that Africa is a good example of this. Also to add to your point this is also increasing the gap between the rich and the poor, slowly depleting away the middle class. Upper middle class and lower middle class have been created to define how our society stands today. This link is a link to The Alexandra Renewal Project website where you can check out some facts and social issues. Chelly Persad Week 6, February 6,2007 Today in lecture Jane Jacobs was mentioned in her efforts of urban renewal. Here is a link where you can find her biography and other attempts in saving community welfare .Click here -Caterina D'Annibale Bureaucracy - Holocaust uses elements of strategic, efficient bureaucratic methods. - Not a humanistic method of doing things - Socialism encourages fast and efficient rationalization, but neglects humanism. Modernism Post-Modernism Hierarchy Anarchy Form Anti-form Objectivity Deconstruction Passive reception Subjectivity Active participation Post- modernism benefits - Encourages participation - Brings back the human condition. Post-modernism limitations - Hard to determine right vs. wrong. This may not be that but, but escalate it to an entire society, and then you’ve got yourself a problem. - Lack of rationality, leads to superstitions and illogical behavior. For example the 2 nd pamphlet at the Grand Canyon. - Good at deconstructing what’s wrong with the world, but not good at putting it back together. - Re-construction need some modernism methods again. In New York, the bridge didn’t allow broke people, by not allowing people overt the bridge who used public transit. There for broke people had to stay in Manhattan. Esperanta: Post-modernism Idea: - Convergence of all main languages. - Good to know your culture and stuff locally but globally - If you don’t know globally accepted languages then your limiting yourself. Culture and faith: Breaking Down Moral confusion = birth of new groups (scientology) Good- Shakespeare is standardized so we all do it. Oppose to everyone reading different shit. Al Queda – Unstructured – Very hard to counteract Both post and modernism are good/bad, however extremes of both are dangerous. January 23, 2007 - Lecture #3 Today when Mr. Jones said that grammar and the english language is being deteriorated by certain technologies such as MSN and the like, it got me thinking. I was wondering what other forms of deterioration perhaps take place. For me I wonder if with this overload of media (particularly music, and dance) we see on t.v., youtube etc, reduces our aprreciation of these "cultural art forms". Last year my Sociology professor (B.Green) talked about some form of music becoming a spectator activity, being pushed from its roots as an activity where the community participated, and served higher function (perhaps in our tribal ancestral times in religous worship hunting etc). These forms of music and dance with the passing of time/improvement of technology have become devalued. Starting as key to various life milestones, then being done for art sake , to being reduced to something that can be sold. It hard trying to figure out how else theses things will be affected in the future. Plus it is probably not all negative. Anyway im tired of making up bull (although i did try to sound smart). So im just going to stop typing now. Lauren's reflection on today's lecture This includes: a link to a full definition of libertarianism, two youtube clips (one for William Hung and one for lonelygirl15), and my interpretation of what Sociopathic Cyberlibertarianism is. There's also a little stab at Paris Hilton. The attached article in Today's (Feb. 10th) National Post discusses the various blogs that turn out to be fake, such as bridezilla or lonelygirl (mentioned during one of our lecture). It also comments on how our society may be affected. http://www.canada.com/nationalpost/news/story.html?id=9e455eb1-bc96-4936-8723- d9b627f4f984 Week 3 January 23, 2007 I moved the week 2 comments to the top, just to organize the page a bit better. All new entries can be put below the existing ones. This way we can keep everything in order chronologically. As for today's lecture, an interesting thought crossed my mind regarding the deteriorization of the english language. While I agree on many levels with this arguement, there are a few points to consider about the English language itself. When we look at the continent of North America, specifically Canada and the United States, it is clear that the primary language is English. Upon closer inspection however, there is a huge variation in that language. This difference extends much beyond simple accents, such as those from Eastern Canada v.s. those in the Southern United States. Even New Jersey residents have a distinctive tone and accent to their English. But beyond these simple differences, are differences in slang, sentence style, and even vocabulary. Even more significant differences occured over the relatively short history of our two countries. From the time that the first settlers arrived, our English has changed greatly. What is referred to as "proper english" is almost a different language in some senses. Pronounciation, grammatical format, and many words do not even exist anymore, while some are sparingly used. Many would attribute these changes to other changes in technology and popular culture, such as the radio, television, etc. So I think that MSN and other internet communications methods are clearly changing the style of English the youth in particular use, but to overtly label it as deteriorating the language I think may go too far at the moment. - Vir Sodhi MSN is definitely deteriorating our language. People are using emoticons, slang and short forms of words. This is fine as long as it is not taken outside of MSN context. For example when writing an email to a professor or an employer slang and short forms should not be used. There is a whole language based on short forms and slang, here’s a link to a quiz that will test you on how much slang and short form word you know!! : Quiz Chelly The use of internet and with the use of text messaging of phones, and other communication devices, people are just so use to using slang in their lanuage. This form of english, leads to speaking in slang as well which in turn affects the work that needs to be written professionally. I agree that students tend to have more gramatical errors in their papers and essays and that it has greatly changed the forms of lanugage. Being chinese myself, my brother uses chinese on msn when talking to my relatives and I find that it doesn't really change the way that he speaks. There are certain slangs in chinese, but when it comes to writing it is not that greatly affected. The generation growing up with computers will definitly be affected, learning to speak with slang and understanding the importance of grammar. -helen 1st wave: Agriculture Revolution: people didn’t have physical means to become successful farmers. 2nd wave: Industrial Revolution: people didn’t have the means necessary to work in factories. 3rd wave: Information Revolution” people didn’t have the means to be information workers, such as intelligence, or the money to attain higher education. McLuhan: - Usually misrepresented - Very pessimistic. - Global village: pessimistic views confused as optimism Creative Destruction: - Need to retool for new economy. - When something breaks, you pick up the pieces and create something better! Highways: - Expensive infrastructure (multi-billion dollar) - Pounds through nice communities, destroying everything in its path. Information super highway is a dead concept **However, this idea is wrong and the idea died** Spatial concept: - This is a more accurate concept, with potential and values. - Community Building - Demassification but still integrated Net Neutrality: - Leads to stupid super information highway concept - However, you only talk to your close network of friends and existing contacts. - Are you really interacting on a global level? Capitalism: Hierarchy - Certain level of hierarchy work - But too much hierarchy leads to mayhem. Thus, why there are monopolies. There are 2 types of information people: 2) Low-end: Service sector: Wal-Mart 3) High-end: Decision power: C.E.O of Wal-mart Infoglut: - Too much bullshit information: tabloids - Potentially harmful - So much info that we feeling - Overwhelmed - Under capable. ( I feel stupid because there is too much information I don’t know) - Its what you do with it that counts. Wisdom= Time - However, too much time is bad. - Wisdom takes time and effort. - It is an aggression of knowledge - If we just process information, then we might just be getting stupider. - You can’t build wisdom: - If you’re a manager answering 300 emails a day, your just processing information, and not doing your job as a manager. - If we just processing information its no longer creative destruction, then its just - Chaotic destruction. - Too much info to process means there is no time to reflect; therefore we might not see future problems. Larry Winget – There is no secret to success: “ what it took one thousands years ago to be successful is the same as today! Post-modernism= pre-modernism.” ^Wisdom ^ Knowledge ^ Information ^ Data Neo-Ludism: – Oppose new technology in the information revolution – Changes usually benefit some but not others. – Usually self-interest IT marketing: - A lot of hype - Overrated - It didn’t always live up to the promises it held. Infrastructure- big impact on how society is shaped. Control machinery - machines are taking over human jobs Workflow process memory- created downsizing of middle management “paper-pushers” Surveillance- Scientific management: Pros: - Taylorism, increases productivity, and decreases labour costs. - Simplify, link, labour saving devices. Cons: - Really bad at “service industry” type stuff. - Destroys moral, and building relations with customers. Cant just dump technology on people It took time for companies to adapt from previous methods of working. Productivity paradox: - Not always the case that an increase in capital will = increase in productivity - Web Vista sucks ass - Bad productivity on investment Participatory design: - Gets labour and management both input in the working process methods. - Even though both have different priorities, they come to a consensus. - For example: Sheridan should have considered consulting professors before purchasing Web CT. Microsoft Vista: released so they can delete cracked illegal versions of the software, such as MS word. Too much illegal traffic: - Internet providers may allocate X amount of “traffic” only to allow enough space for necessary use - Live video conferences need a lot of traffic space, so that synchronous communication is possible You cannot run the world on just lawyers - Skilled trades are very much in demand - Home renovation! Because lawyers have a lot of money, and the complete inability - Skilled peoples are still really needed. Obsolescence factor: North American cars last 5 years oppose to Asian cars lasting 15 years. Global News- is overwhelming. Too much info = information overload. January 16, 2007 - Lecture #2 Prof.Jones mentioned an artice about the accuracy of wikipedia entries vs encyclpoedia entries. Click on the link below to read more about it. Wikipedia Accuracy SLATES (things that 2.0 does) o Search - increasing recall (how much stuff you get out) & precision (how relevent?) by leveraging o Links - pattern of links is important o Authoring - identity and narrative construction supported o Tags - classifying keywords Taxonomy - formal, centralized classification schemer Folksonomy - classification based on collective schemer emerges ground-up and generally work messy o Extensions - some kind of thesaurus o Signals - awareness and compilation Some You Tube celebrities mentioned in the lecture included little super star, lonelygirl15, starwars kids. Any other? Web 2.0: - Strong in numbers, so you have a community - Attain the numbers by making it easy to use for average technology users. - Make it so their involvement gives a feeling of influence Taxonomy- formal tag - You can’t make this term up - Homo sapient: the definition of this cannot be changed. Folksonomy- Informal Tag - Created by the mass community - And it some how makes sense Signals- There should be a signal. For example if five people are editing the same Wiki page at the same time. You may save over each other’s. RSS Feeds – Xanga blog update you when something is updated.
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