FOOD LAB MANAGEMENT UNIT Equivalents and Doubling and Halving Abbreviations Pound = lb. Ounce = oz. Cup = c. Degrees Fahrenheit = oF. Tablespoon = T. or Tbsp. Pint = pt. Gallon = gal. Teaspoon = t. or tsp. Quart = qt. Hour = hr. Minute = min. Dozen = doz. Package = pkg. MEASUREMENTS AND EQUIVALENTS Mr. T. The car represents a cup (c.) The boy driving the car is Mr. Tablespoon (T.) You must be 16 years old to drive… So remember 16 T. = 1c. 1 C. OZ. (ounce) can’t drive. He is only half as old as OZ. Mr. T. How old is he? Oz. 8 So remember there are 8 oz. in a cup. 1 C. 3 t. =1 T. teaspoons Mrs. T. Mrs. Tablespoon (T.) had triplets. She named them the teaspoons (t.) So remember there are 3 t. in 1 T. 4 qt. = 1 gal. Our butterfly “GAL” is a cutey (qt.) She has 4 “cutey” (qt.) wings So remember there are 4 qt. in a gal. Qt. Qt. Miss Gal. Qt. Qt. 2 cups = 1 pt. Each kid represents 1 cup 2 cups = 1 pt. Pt. C. Cup 4 c. = 1 Qt. / 2 pt. = 1 Qt. 4C. Pt. 3 C. Qt. 2 C. Pt. 1 C. Doubling and Halving Recipes To double the ingredients in a recipe you times the number by 2. For example: 2 eggs x 2 = 4 eggs or ½ c. sugar x 2 = 1 c. sugar or 2/3 t. salt x 2= 4/3 or 1 1/3 t. salt Yippee! Fractions HERSHEY’S CHOCOLATE BAR From 1 piece I have cut two. 1/2 1/2 The bottom number or denominator tells how many pieces are in your whole item. Now divide those two halves again. How many pieces do you have now ? 1/4 1/4 1/4 1/4 There are four pieces now so the bottom number of your fraction will be 4. The higher the number on the bottom the smaller the pieces will be Top number or numerator The top number of the fraction tells you how many of the pieces you have. If I gave you these 3 pieces how many fourths would you have? You would have 3 of the fourths or 3/4 Multiplying fractions- 2x1 2 1 2 2 or To half the ingredients in a recipe you times by ½. (or divide by 2) For example: 2 eggs x ½ = 1 egg or ½ c. sugar x ½ = ¼ c. sugar or 2/3 t. salt x ½ = 2/6 t. or 1/3 t. salt Good Measurements to Know 1 cube of butter = ½ c. 16 ounces = 1 lb. 1/3 c. = 5 1/3 T. 2/3 c.= 10 2/3 T. (just twice the one above) Pinch = less than 1/8 t. 1 Square of Chocolate = 1 Oz.
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