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					Professional and Unprofessional
         Relationships



                             1
             Overview
 AFI 36-2909
    Professional Relations
    Unprofessional Relationships
    Fraternization
 Responsibilities
    Personal/Commander/Supervisor
 Courses of Actions
    Administrative/Punitive
 Legalities
    UCMJ/Maximum Punishment
 Case Studies
                                     2
    AFI 36-2909, Professional
      and Unprofessional
          Relationships
 Applies To All Air Force Personnel
   Active Duty
   Air National Guard
   Air Force Reserves




                                       3
    Professional Relations

 Professional Relations Are Those That
  Contribute to the Effective Operation of
  the Air Force.
 Personnel Are Encouraged to
  Communicate Freely With Superiors
  Regarding Their Careers, Performance,
  Duties, and Missions.


                                             4
         Unprofessional
       Relationships (UPR)

 Any personal relationship, whether
  pursued on or off-duty, that detracts from
  the authority of superiors or result in, or
  reasonably create the appearance of,
  favoritism, misuse of office or position, or
  the abandonment of organizational goals
  for personal interests



                                                 5
            UPRs - Factors to
               Consider

 Unprofessional relationships can exist
  between:
     Officers
     Enlisted members
     Officers and enlisted members
     Military members and civilian workers




                                              6
          AFI 36-2909
       Specific Situations

 Relationships Within An Organization.
   Personal relationships between members of
    different grades or positions in these categories can
    easily become unprofessional.
   As differences in grade increase, even without
    command or supervisory relationship, the risk of
    UPR or perceived UPR, increases.
   Seniors always have authority over juniors.


                                                    7
          AFI 36-2909
       Specific Situations

 Dating And Close Friendships:
   Subject to the same policy considerations as other
    relationships. Become a matter of official concern
    when they adversely affect morale, discipline, unit
    cohesion, respect for authority, or mission
    accomplishment.
   Relationships between superiors and
    subordinates invariably raise the perception of
    favoritism or misuse of position.

                                                          8
            AFI 36-2909
         Specific Situations

 Officer/Enlisted Marriages
   An officer married to an enlisted member is not by itself
    fraternization.
   When evidence of fraternization does exist, subsequent
    marriage does not preclude prosecution.
   Regardless of how marriage came to be, members are
    expected to respect all customs and courtesies when
    on duty or in uniform in public.



                                                        9
            Fraternization

 A personal relationship between an officer
  and enlisted member which violates the
  customary bounds of acceptable behavior
  in the Air Force and prejudices good order
  and discipline, discredits the armed
  services, or operates to the personal
  disgrace or dishonor of the officer involved.



                                             10
            Elements of
           Fraternization
   (MCM, Sec IV, Article 134, Para 83)
 Element One: That the accused was a
  commissioned or warrant officer.
 Element Two: That the accused fraternized
  with enlisted members on terms of military
  equality.
 Element Three: That the accused knew the
  person to be an enlisted member.


                                           11
            Elements of
           Fraternization
   (MCM, Sec IV, Article 134, Para 83)
 Element Four: That the accused violated
  the customs of the service that officers
  shall not fraternize with enlisted members
  on terms of military equality.
 Element Five: The conduct was prejudicial
  to good order and discipline of the armed
  forces or of a nature to bring discredit
  upon the armed forces.

                                           12
          Factors to Consider

 Has the Conduct
    Compromised the Chain of Command
    Resulted in the Appearance of Partiality
    Undermined:
         Good Order?
         Discipline?
         Authority?
         Morale?

                                                13
          AFI 36-2909
      Specific Prohibitions

 Officers Will Not:
   Gamble with enlisted members.
   Borrow money from enlisted members.
   Engage in sexual relations with or date enlisted
    members.
   Share living accommodations with enlisted members
   Engage, on a personal basis, in business enterprises
    with enlisted members, or solicit sales to/from
    enlisted members.

                                                     14
              AFI 36-2909

 Personal Relationships between AF
  members become matters of official
  concern when they adversely affect
  morale, discipline, respect for authority,
  unit cohesion, or mission
  accomplishment.




                                               15
    Personal Responsibility

 All officers are expected to exhibit the
  highest standards of professional conduct
  and lead by example.
 Members should expect to be and must be
  held accountable for the impact of their
  conduct on the Air Force as an institution.
 The senior member in a relationship is
  primarily responsible for maintaining the
  professionalism of that relationship.
                                            16
     Commander and
Supervisory Responsibilities

 Commanders and supervisors at all levels
  have the authority and the responsibility to
  maintain good order, discipline, and
  morale within their units.
 Commanders may be held accountable for
  failing to act in appropriate cases.



                                             17
          Courses of Action

 Administrative
     Order to Cease
     Counseling
     Reprimand
     Removal
     Demotion
     Loss of NCO Status
     Adverse Comments on performance reports
     Administrative Separations
                                                18
         Courses of Action

 Punitive
   Article 15
   Courts-Martial
 Action taken should normally be the least
  severe necessary to correct the
  relationship, giving full consideration to
  the impact the relationship has had on the
  organization.

                                               19
                     UCMJ

 Article 92, Failure to Obey a Lawful Order or
  General Regulation
   Enlisted/Enlisted UPR
   Military/Civilian UPR
 Article 133, Conduct Unbecoming an Officer
   Officer/Officer UPR
 Article 134, Fraternization
   Officer/Enlisted UPR

                                             20
    Maximum Punishment

 Forfeiture of All Pay and Allowances
 Dismissal
 Confinement for 2 Years




                                         21
22
FACTS: Recently SMSgt X was assigned as NCOIC of a remote detachment in
Badenstein. The nearest military installation is 65 miles away. The tour is
unaccompanied. Ten-hour duty days are routine, and 14 hour days are not
uncommon. Morale in the unit is generally good, but being isolated is a
hardship for all assigned. SMSgt X supervises 14 technicians ranging in
grade from Amn to TSgt. He finds he has little in common with most of his
subordinates, until he discovers that SrA Y shares his love of international
soccer. Daily, they discuss the merits of various soccer players, talk about
league standings and analyze upcoming games. Only rarely does SMSgt X
enter into casual conversation with others.

It is known that SMSgt X and SrA Y attend local soccer matches together, and
they have traveled to neighboring countries sharing the expenses of
transportation and lodging. SMSgt X overhears a conversation about work
schedules and is taken aback when he hears SrA Y referred to as the
"teacher’s pet" who "everyone knows" always pulls the "cushy" duty. In fact,
SMSgt X has attempted to spread out the details and rotate the work schedule
so that everyone pulls a fair share.
                                                                      23
FACTS: You are a flight commander in a logistics
readiness squadron. A senior airman in your
flight has just been notified he's been selected for
promotion to staff sergeant. The enlisted
members of the flight have scheduled a
promotion party at the NCO club, and you've been
invited to attend. What should you do? Explain.




                                                24
FACTS: Lt Col X, single and in command of maintenance squadron,
meets Captain Y, a recently divorced pilot. They discover they have
many common interests, including skiing. After dating off and on,
they plan to spend a Saturday at the mountains taking skiing lessons
together. The flying wing is short of pilots and there have been
complaints about the high ops tempo. On Friday, Captain Y is notified
of a short-notice weekend mission. Capt Y calls Lt Col X and says, "I’d
really rather go skiing but I’ve been assigned to a mission. Unless you
can talk my commander out of this, the trip is off."

Lt Col X immediately calls Captain Y’s commander, an old
acquaintance, and makes a case for changing Captain Y’s schedule.
Captain Y’s commander "blows up" at the suggestion and his rather
loud conversation with Lt Col X is overheard by others. The story
quickly spreads throughout the squadron.

                                                                 25
FACTS: Major X and SSgt Y live near each other in the
suburbs of Washington, D.C. They work in different
organizations in the Pentagon. Carpooling is officially
encouraged, saves money, cuts their commute in half and
is almost a necessity. Major X places an ad for riders on
the bulletin board and SSgt Y responds. They begin to
share rides to work. While they have a number of common
interests, they confine their relationship to carpooling and
chatting in the car.




                                                       26
FACTS: You're a member of the squadron bowling team.
All other members are NCOs. Your fellow team members
call you by your first name when you're bowling. On one
occasion, while on duty, one of the members calls you by
your first name in the presence of others. What should
you do? Explain.




                                                     27
                  Summary

 AFI 36-2909
   Professional Relations
   Unprofessional Relationships
   Fraternization
 Responsibilities
   Personal/Commander/Supervisor
 Courses of Actions
   Administrative/Punitive
 Legalities
   UCMJ/Maximum Punishment
 Case Studies
                                    28
Professional and Unprofessional
         Relationships




                              29

				
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