U.S. History Chapter 10 by yurtgc548


									U.S. History
Chapter 10
 Lecture Notes
     Sectional Rivalries Renewed
   1.   Proposed amendment to a military appropriations Bill that would
         ban slavery in the territory gained from Mexico.
            Wilmot Proviso
   4.   Congressional Compromise that created a new Fugitive Slave Law,
         allowed for popular sovereignty in Utah and Nevada, and banned
         the slave trade in Washington D.C.
         * Compromise of 1850
   5.   Required Federal Agencies to assist in the recapture of runaway
         slaves, invigorated the northern abolition movement by exposing
         northerners to the horrors of bounty hunters and the realities of
         * Fugitive Slave Law
•   7.   Passed by many Northern States, they forbade State Agencies from
         assisting in the recapture of runaway slaves, guaranteed accused
         fugitives a trial by jury, and banned imprisonment of suspected
         •   Personal Liberty Laws
            Let the People Decide
   6.  Proposed by Stephen A. Douglass, it proposed that
        citizens should have the opportunity to vote for or
        against slavery in their territory.
        * Popular Sovereignty
   11. Best associated with the concept of popular sovereignty.
         Stephen A. Douglas
   15. Nickname for the Kansas Territory that resulted from
        violence related to the vote on slavery in that territory.
        * “Bleeding Kansas”
    12. Proposed statehood for the Kansas and Nebraska
        Territories in order to begin construction of the
        Transcontinental Railroad. The Bill authorized the use of
        popular sovereignty to decide the issue of slavery in the
        * Kansas-Nebraska Act
                    Abolition Revs up
   8.   Network of former slaves and abolitionists that   assisted
         fugitives in escaping to the north.
            Underground Railroad
   9.   Former slave, she was one of the most famous conductors of
         the Underground Railroad.
            Harriet Tubman
   10. Published Uncle Tom’s Cabin in an attempt to portray the
        evil nature of the institution of slavery, along with the Fugitive
        Slave Act they boosted activity in the abolition movement.
            Harriet Beecher Stowe
   19. Political party formed on the basis of stopping the
        spread of slavery into the western territories.
            Republican Party
   20. Founder of the Republican Party.
            Horace Greely
               Progress Quiz #13
61.   Which of the following created a new, tougher Fugitive Slave Law
      that required Federal Agencies to assist in the return of runaway
      A. Missouri Compromise
      B. Slave Trade Compromise
      C. The Great Compromise
      D. The Compromise of 1850
62.   Which of the following proposed that the issue of slavery in the
      territories be decided by a vote of the people?
      A. Impeachment
      B. Popular Sovereignty
      C. Emancipation Proclamation
      D. Monroe Doctrine
        Progress Quiz #13 (cont.)
63.   Which of the following Acts of Congress authorized the use of
      Popular Sovereignty in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska,
      igniting a “civil war” in the Kansas territory?
      A. Missouri Compromise
      B. Interstate Commerce Act
      C. Kansas-Nebraska Act
      D. Hawley-Smoot Tariff
64.   Which of the following was a main “conductor” of the Underground
      Railroad, a network of abolitionists that assisted runaway slaves?
      A. Harriet Tubman
      B. Sojourner Truth
      C. Lucretia Mott
      D. Harriet Beecher Stowe
       Progress Quiz #13 (cont.)
65.   Which of the following wrote Uncle
      Tom’s Cabin, a novel portraying the evil
      and immorality of the institution of
      slavery, invigorating the abolition
      A. Harriet Tubman
      B. Sojourner Truth
      C. Harriet Beecher Stowe
      D. Helen Hunt Jackson
      Progress Quiz #13 Answers
61.   D
62.   B
63.   C
64.   A
65.   C

*     Any Questions?
               Abolition turns violent
   16.   Savagely beaten by Representative Preston Brooks on the floor of the United
          States Senate for anti-slavery comments he made in a speech.
           Charles Sumner
   13.   Murder of slave owners by a group led by John Brown, a radical
          abolitionist who believed he was on a mission from God to end slavery.
           Pottawatomie Creek Massacre
   14.   Radical Abolitionist that murdered numerous slave owners at
          Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas. He later led a raid on a Federal Arsenal in
          Virginia hoping to spark a regional slave revolt.
           John Brown
   27.   Federal Arsenal (weapons storage facility) in Virginia, site of a raid led by John
          Brown intended to spark a slave revolt, Brown was captured and hung for
          treason against the state of Virginia.
           Harper’s Ferry
   28.   Led the Federal troops that captured John Brown, was offered
          command of the Union Army after secession began, and later was named
          commander of the Confederate Army after Virginia seceded
           Robert E. Lee
            Abolition goes to Court
   22. Slave from Missouri who sued his owner on
        the grounds that he should be free according
        to the Missouri Compromise. He had lived
        on free soil in Illinois for short period of time.
           Dred Scott
   23. Supreme Court Decision that ruled the
        Missouri Compromise unconstitutional and
        stated that Dred Scott had no right to sue in
        Federal Court because he, nor any slave,
        was not a citizen of the United States.
           Dred Scott v. Sanford
                   Politics of Slavery
   21.   Won the election of 1856, his “do-nothing” approach to the slavery
          issue resulted in war as the only option to reach resolution on the
           James Buchanon
   24.   Republican Candidate for the Illinois Senate in 1858, he argued
          that slavery was immoral and that stopping its spread would lead to its
           Abraham Lincoln
   25.   Series of celebrated debates between Abraham Lincoln and
          Stephen A. Douglass prior to the 1858 Senatorial election in Illinois,
          they centered on the issue of how to deal with the slavery issue.
           Lincoln-Douglas Debates
   26.   Stated that slavery could only exist if legislation was in place to
          support it, if a territory wanted to do away with slavery it just
          needed to elect officials who would not enforce slavery regulations
           Freeport Doctrine
                Progress Quiz #14
66.   Which of the following was a radical abolitionist who believed he
      was sent by God to end slavery in America, he made the
      statement “the crimes of this guilty land will be purged only
      through blood”?
      A. John Brown
      B. Robert E. Lee
      C. Abraham Lincoln
      D. Frederick Douglass
67.   Which of the following led to the formation of Confederate militias
      in the Southern States and ensured that war was imminent?
      A. The Compromise of 1850
      B. The Mexican War
      C. The Missouri Compromise
      D. The Harper’s Ferry Raid
        Progress Quiz #14 (cont.)
68.   Which of the following was a slave who sued his master for
      freedom on the grounds that he had lived on free soil according to
      the Missouri Compromise?
      A. Sojourner Truth
      B. Frederick Douglass
      C. Nat Turner
      D. Dred Scott
69.   Which of the following ruined Stephen Douglas’s political future
      and ignited the firestorm over slavery in the territories?
      A. Monroe Doctrine
      B. Freeport Doctrine
      C. Truman Doctrine
      D. Eisenhower Doctrine
      Progress Quiz #14 (Cont.)
70.   Which of the following promised, as
      Republican candidate for the Illinois
      Senate seat, that he would support
      measures that would stop the spread of
      slavery to the west?
      A. Stephen Douglass
      B. Franklin Pierce
      C. Abraham Lincoln
      D. James Buchanon
      Progress Quiz #14 Answers
66.   A
67.   D
68.   D
69.   B
70.   C

*     Any Questions?
    California complicates things
   2. Skipped the territorial stage of
       admission to the union and became
       a state as the result of the Gold Rush
       of 1849.
        California
    Other issues facing the nation
   17.Belief that native-born Americans are
       superior to immigrants, particularly the
       Irish and Eastern Europeans.
        Nativism

   18.Originally a secret society, this political
       party was based on nativism.
        Know-Nothing   Party
                   The Catalyst
   29.Won the election of 1860, his victory
       sparked the secession of seven
       southern states, forming the
       Confederate States of America.
        Abraham   Lincoln
      Beginning of the Civil War
   3. Means to withdraw, or separate, from
       the Union.
        Secession

   30.Named the first President of the
        Jefferson   Davis
               Progress Quiz #15
71.   Which of the following was based on the belief that native born
      Americans should have greater rights and freedoms than
      immigrants, the basis of the Know-Nothing Party?
      A. Imperialism
      B. Militarism
      C. Cultural Pluralism
      D. Nativism
72.   The election of which of the following U.S. Presidents sparked the
      secession of seven southern states because of his promise to
      stop the spread of slavery?
      A. Franklin Pierce
      B. Abraham Lincoln
      C. James Buchanan
      D. Andrew Johnson
    Progress Quiz #15 (cont.)
73. Which of the following states skipped the
    territorial phase of the statehood process
    due to the population explosion that
    resulted from the discovery of gold in
    A. Texas
    B. Florida
    C. California
    D. Oregon
        Progress Quiz #15 (cont.)
74.   Which of the following terms means to withdraw from the Union,
      the path taken by the southern states after the election of
      Abraham Lincoln?
      A. Secession
      B. Appeasement
      C. Annexation
      D. Assimilation
75.   Which of the following lives in infamy as the only President of the
      Confederate States of America, serving in the role during the Civil
      A. Abraham Lincoln
      B. Jefferson Davis
      C. Robert E. Lee
      D. Ulysses S. Grant
      Progress Quiz #15 Answers
71.   D
72.   B
73.   C
74.   A
75.   B

*     Any Questions?

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