U.S. History Chapter 10 Lecture Notes Sectional Rivalries Renewed 1. Proposed amendment to a military appropriations Bill that would ban slavery in the territory gained from Mexico. Wilmot Proviso 4. Congressional Compromise that created a new Fugitive Slave Law, allowed for popular sovereignty in Utah and Nevada, and banned the slave trade in Washington D.C. * Compromise of 1850 5. Required Federal Agencies to assist in the recapture of runaway slaves, invigorated the northern abolition movement by exposing northerners to the horrors of bounty hunters and the realities of slavery. * Fugitive Slave Law • 7. Passed by many Northern States, they forbade State Agencies from assisting in the recapture of runaway slaves, guaranteed accused fugitives a trial by jury, and banned imprisonment of suspected fugitives. • Personal Liberty Laws Let the People Decide 6. Proposed by Stephen A. Douglass, it proposed that citizens should have the opportunity to vote for or against slavery in their territory. * Popular Sovereignty 11. Best associated with the concept of popular sovereignty. Stephen A. Douglas 15. Nickname for the Kansas Territory that resulted from violence related to the vote on slavery in that territory. * “Bleeding Kansas” 12. Proposed statehood for the Kansas and Nebraska Territories in order to begin construction of the Transcontinental Railroad. The Bill authorized the use of popular sovereignty to decide the issue of slavery in the territories. * Kansas-Nebraska Act Abolition Revs up 8. Network of former slaves and abolitionists that assisted fugitives in escaping to the north. Underground Railroad 9. Former slave, she was one of the most famous conductors of the Underground Railroad. Harriet Tubman 10. Published Uncle Tom’s Cabin in an attempt to portray the evil nature of the institution of slavery, along with the Fugitive Slave Act they boosted activity in the abolition movement. Harriet Beecher Stowe 19. Political party formed on the basis of stopping the spread of slavery into the western territories. Republican Party 20. Founder of the Republican Party. Horace Greely Progress Quiz #13 61. Which of the following created a new, tougher Fugitive Slave Law that required Federal Agencies to assist in the return of runaway slaves? A. Missouri Compromise B. Slave Trade Compromise C. The Great Compromise D. The Compromise of 1850 62. Which of the following proposed that the issue of slavery in the territories be decided by a vote of the people? A. Impeachment B. Popular Sovereignty C. Emancipation Proclamation D. Monroe Doctrine Progress Quiz #13 (cont.) 63. Which of the following Acts of Congress authorized the use of Popular Sovereignty in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, igniting a “civil war” in the Kansas territory? A. Missouri Compromise B. Interstate Commerce Act C. Kansas-Nebraska Act D. Hawley-Smoot Tariff 64. Which of the following was a main “conductor” of the Underground Railroad, a network of abolitionists that assisted runaway slaves? A. Harriet Tubman B. Sojourner Truth C. Lucretia Mott D. Harriet Beecher Stowe Progress Quiz #13 (cont.) 65. Which of the following wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin, a novel portraying the evil and immorality of the institution of slavery, invigorating the abolition movement? A. Harriet Tubman B. Sojourner Truth C. Harriet Beecher Stowe D. Helen Hunt Jackson Progress Quiz #13 Answers 61. D 62. B 63. C 64. A 65. C * Any Questions? Abolition turns violent 16. Savagely beaten by Representative Preston Brooks on the floor of the United States Senate for anti-slavery comments he made in a speech. Charles Sumner 13. Murder of slave owners by a group led by John Brown, a radical abolitionist who believed he was on a mission from God to end slavery. Pottawatomie Creek Massacre 14. Radical Abolitionist that murdered numerous slave owners at Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas. He later led a raid on a Federal Arsenal in Virginia hoping to spark a regional slave revolt. John Brown 27. Federal Arsenal (weapons storage facility) in Virginia, site of a raid led by John Brown intended to spark a slave revolt, Brown was captured and hung for treason against the state of Virginia. Harper’s Ferry 28. Led the Federal troops that captured John Brown, was offered command of the Union Army after secession began, and later was named commander of the Confederate Army after Virginia seceded Robert E. Lee Abolition goes to Court 22. Slave from Missouri who sued his owner on the grounds that he should be free according to the Missouri Compromise. He had lived on free soil in Illinois for short period of time. Dred Scott 23. Supreme Court Decision that ruled the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional and stated that Dred Scott had no right to sue in Federal Court because he, nor any slave, was not a citizen of the United States. Dred Scott v. Sanford Politics of Slavery 21. Won the election of 1856, his “do-nothing” approach to the slavery issue resulted in war as the only option to reach resolution on the issue. James Buchanon 24. Republican Candidate for the Illinois Senate in 1858, he argued that slavery was immoral and that stopping its spread would lead to its end. Abraham Lincoln 25. Series of celebrated debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglass prior to the 1858 Senatorial election in Illinois, they centered on the issue of how to deal with the slavery issue. Lincoln-Douglas Debates 26. Stated that slavery could only exist if legislation was in place to support it, if a territory wanted to do away with slavery it just needed to elect officials who would not enforce slavery regulations Freeport Doctrine Progress Quiz #14 66. Which of the following was a radical abolitionist who believed he was sent by God to end slavery in America, he made the statement “the crimes of this guilty land will be purged only through blood”? A. John Brown B. Robert E. Lee C. Abraham Lincoln D. Frederick Douglass 67. Which of the following led to the formation of Confederate militias in the Southern States and ensured that war was imminent? A. The Compromise of 1850 B. The Mexican War C. The Missouri Compromise D. The Harper’s Ferry Raid Progress Quiz #14 (cont.) 68. Which of the following was a slave who sued his master for freedom on the grounds that he had lived on free soil according to the Missouri Compromise? A. Sojourner Truth B. Frederick Douglass C. Nat Turner D. Dred Scott 69. Which of the following ruined Stephen Douglas’s political future and ignited the firestorm over slavery in the territories? A. Monroe Doctrine B. Freeport Doctrine C. Truman Doctrine D. Eisenhower Doctrine Progress Quiz #14 (Cont.) 70. Which of the following promised, as Republican candidate for the Illinois Senate seat, that he would support measures that would stop the spread of slavery to the west? A. Stephen Douglass B. Franklin Pierce C. Abraham Lincoln D. James Buchanon Progress Quiz #14 Answers 66. A 67. D 68. D 69. B 70. C * Any Questions? California complicates things 2. Skipped the territorial stage of admission to the union and became a state as the result of the Gold Rush of 1849. California Other issues facing the nation 17.Belief that native-born Americans are superior to immigrants, particularly the Irish and Eastern Europeans. Nativism 18.Originally a secret society, this political party was based on nativism. Know-Nothing Party The Catalyst 29.Won the election of 1860, his victory sparked the secession of seven southern states, forming the Confederate States of America. Abraham Lincoln Beginning of the Civil War 3. Means to withdraw, or separate, from the Union. Secession 30.Named the first President of the Confederacy. Jefferson Davis Progress Quiz #15 71. Which of the following was based on the belief that native born Americans should have greater rights and freedoms than immigrants, the basis of the Know-Nothing Party? A. Imperialism B. Militarism C. Cultural Pluralism D. Nativism 72. The election of which of the following U.S. Presidents sparked the secession of seven southern states because of his promise to stop the spread of slavery? A. Franklin Pierce B. Abraham Lincoln C. James Buchanan D. Andrew Johnson Progress Quiz #15 (cont.) 73. Which of the following states skipped the territorial phase of the statehood process due to the population explosion that resulted from the discovery of gold in 1849? A. Texas B. Florida C. California D. Oregon Progress Quiz #15 (cont.) 74. Which of the following terms means to withdraw from the Union, the path taken by the southern states after the election of Abraham Lincoln? A. Secession B. Appeasement C. Annexation D. Assimilation 75. Which of the following lives in infamy as the only President of the Confederate States of America, serving in the role during the Civil War? A. Abraham Lincoln B. Jefferson Davis C. Robert E. Lee D. Ulysses S. Grant Progress Quiz #15 Answers 71. D 72. B 73. C 74. A 75. B * Any Questions?
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