Discourse Analysis - PowerPoint by HC12052922217

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									DISCOURSE ANALYSIS
   A lecture Presented By
       Alaa Baji Jabr
  M.A English Language and
         Linguistics
 LEVELS OF LINGUISTIC
ANALYSIS
 DEFINITIONS OF DISCOURSE
ANALYSIS:
Discourse is a continuous stretch of (especially
 spoken) language larger than a sentence, often
 constituting a coherent unit such as a sermon,
 argument, joke, or narrative.
The study of the relationship of language and
 the context in which it is used.
Analysis of naturally occurring connected
 spoken or written discourse.
The study of language in the everyday sense in
 which most people use the term.

 Discourse is broadly taken to mean the use of
 language beyond that of a single sentence.
 Therefore, it encompasses conversation (e.g.
 narrative, argument, and rhetoric), as well as
 monologues.
 As a result of the core idea of the
 abovementioned definitions, the term is
 broadly taken to mean what results in
 communication or more clearly what
 people do in achieving goals that are
 communicative and that what is counted
 as discourse.
 KEY CONCEPTS IN DISCOURSE
ANALYSIS
1- Text

2- Context

3- Schemata
1- TEXT
 A word used in linguistics to refer to any passage,
  spoken or written of whatever length, that does
  form a unified whole.
 Not all stretches of sentences or utterances
  arranged in a certain way can be regarded as a
  text. For the text to be distinguished from other
  units which are regarded as non text is that it has
  a "texture" or it is a unit which has its own
  characteristics. In addition, what makes a piece of
  language be regarded as a text is features of
  textuality and these are seven criteria, They are:
 FEATURES OF TEXTUALITY

1- Cohesion
2- Coherence
3- Acceptability
4- Intentionality
5- Informativeness
6- Situationality
7- Intertextuality
2- CONTEXT
 The context is fundamental in the study of
  language and discourse. It refers, on the one
  hand, to the verbal surroundings of the utterance,
  also called co-text such as the preceding and
  following words or sentences within a discourse or
  conversation. On the other hand, the term context
  is used to refer to the social situation of language
  use in general or to the specific situation of a
  given fragment of text or talk.
 THE RELATION OF CONTEXT TO
LANGUAGE
3- SCHEMATA

The mental representation of typical situations
 and they are in discourse processing to predict
 the contents of the particular situation which
 the discourse describes.
Thank
 You

								
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