Chapter 5 – Lesson 3
The Old Kingdom
The First Dynasty
Began about 2925 B.C.
Dynasty = line of rulers from the same family
Succession = order in which members of a
royal family inherit a throne
More than 30 dynasties ruled Egypt
Divided into Egyptian dynasties into 3
Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, New Kingdom
King of Egypt became known as the pharaoh.
Pharaoh meant “great house”
Pharaoh ruled from the capital city of Memphis.
Egyptians thought the pharaoh was a child or the gods
and a god himself.
Khufu’s Great Pyramid
Pyramid = structure shaped like a triangle,
with four sides that meet at a point. The Great Pyramid
Pharaoh Khufu had the Great Pyramid
2630 B.C. King Djoser built a giant step-
pyramid. It is the oldest-known large stone built to represent his greatness.
structure in the world!
*Took almost 20 years to build!
*Used 2.3 million blocks of stone!
*Estimate that 20,000 Egyptians
worked on it!