The Pyramid Builders Chapter 5 – Lesson 3 The Old Kingdom The First Dynasty Began about 2925 B.C. Dynasty = line of rulers from the same family Succession = order in which members of a royal family inherit a throne More than 30 dynasties ruled Egypt Divided into Egyptian dynasties into 3 groups! Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, New Kingdom Pharaohs Rule King of Egypt became known as the pharaoh. Pharaoh meant “great house” Pharaoh ruled from the capital city of Memphis. Egyptians thought the pharaoh was a child or the gods and a god himself. Khufu’s Great Pyramid Pyramid = structure shaped like a triangle, with four sides that meet at a point. The Great Pyramid Pharaoh Khufu had the Great Pyramid 2630 B.C. King Djoser built a giant step- pyramid. It is the oldest-known large stone built to represent his greatness. structure in the world! *Took almost 20 years to build! *Used 2.3 million blocks of stone! *Estimate that 20,000 Egyptians worked on it!
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