Basic Concepts

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					Chapter One

    Professiopnal Ethics
      Dr.Khaled Qutb       1
   To introduce students the basic concepts
    of professional ethics
   A. Students will define the meaning of
    ethics and its characteristics.
   B. Students will be able to distinguish
    between ethics ,morals ,and philosophy of

                  Professiopnal Ethics
                    Dr.Khaled Qutb              2
 We will study the following Basic


Moral  philosophy
 Professional Ethics


The Professional (person)
              Professiopnal Ethics
                Dr.Khaled Qutb       3
Ethics is a branch of Philosophy.
Philosophy was the love of wisdom
 , and philosophers were people
 who spent their lives attempting to
 become wise.
A person who was wise was as close
 to happiness as he or she could be .
               Professiopnal Ethics
                 Dr.Khaled Qutb       4
   Ethics is a branch of philosophy that studies
    beliefs about right and wrong, good and evil.

   These beliefs are basic because they determine the
    truth or falsity of other beliefs.

   If you believe, for example, that the right thing to
    do is whatever is good for you , then your moral
    life will be very different from that of someone
    who believes that we ought to be concerned with
    the good of others as well.
                        Professiopnal Ethics
                          Dr.Khaled Qutb                   5
 There are many different ideas about right and
  wrong, good and evil. In studying ethics, we try to
  discover the best set of moral basic beliefs we can,
  so that we can use them to make moral decisions
  throughout our lives.
 Ethics means also:

 The  science of human duties of all kinds
  including moral ,law and political duties.
 The study or science of morals.

                      Professiopnal Ethics
                        Dr.Khaled Qutb                   6
  In modern times Ethics
  has two different meanings:
First, it can mean the study of
 theories about the intellectual origins
 and justification of moral codes and
 morality in general.

 Second,  it can mean the
 particular codes of conduct
 adopted by individuals or
                Professiopnal Ethics
                  Dr.Khaled Qutb           7
 The term “morality” can be used

              to refer to a code of
 Descriptively
 conduct put forward by a society or,
  some other group, such as a religion,
   or accepted by an individual for her
   own behavior.                    Or
                  Professiopnal Ethics
                    Dr.Khaled Qutb        8
 Normatively to   refer to a code of conduct
 that, given specified conditions, would be
 put forward by all rational persons.

 Etiquette is sometimes included as a part
 of morality, but it applies to norms that are
 considered less serious than the kinds of
 norms for behavior that are part of

                   Professiopnal Ethics
                     Dr.Khaled Qutb              9
   When we speak of people as moral or ethical, we
    usually mean that they are good people, and when
    we speak of them as immoral or unethical, we mean
    that are bad people.

   The important thing to remember here is that
    moral, ethics, immoral, and unethical, essentially
    mean good, right, bad, and wrong, often depending
    on whether one is referring to people themselves or
    to their actions.
                      Professiopnal Ethics
                        Dr.Khaled Qutb              10
     Moral Philosophy
 Moral   philosophy is the area of philosophy
 concerned with theories of ethics, with how
 we ought to live our lives.
 It is divided into three areas:

normative ethics.
applied ethics.

                   Professiopnal Ethics
                     Dr.Khaled Qutb              11
 Meta-ethicsis the most abstract area of
 moral philosophy. It deals with
 questions about the nature of morality,
 about what morality is and what moral
 language means. (for example, what we
 mean when we use the word "good").

                Professiopnal Ethics
                  Dr.Khaled Qutb        12
      Normative Ethics
 While meta-ethics treats the most abstract
 questions of moral philosophy, normative
 ethics is more concerned with providing a
 moral framework that can be used in order
 to work out what kinds of action are good
 and bad, right and wrong.

                 Professiopnal Ethics
                   Dr.Khaled Qutb              13
         Applied Ethics
 The most down to earth area of moral philosophy
  is applied ethics. This seeks to apply normative
  ethical theories to specific cases to tell us what is
  right and what is wrong. In this section, various
  ethical issues are discussed: e.g.
 Media Ethics

 Abortion.

 Human cloning.

 workers rights (Child labor)

                      Professiopnal Ethics
                        Dr.Khaled Qutb                    14
           Professional ethics
   concerns the moral issues that arise because of the
    specialist knowledge that professionals attain, and how the
    use of this knowledge should be governed when providing
    a service to the public .
   Professional Ethics concerns one's conduct of behavior and
    practice when carrying out professional work.
   The concept of professional ethics tells us what a
    professional should or should not do in the work place.
   Professional ethics gives a broad sense of direction-makes
    general statements.
   Professional ethics is a simple set of rules, but a
    comprehensive educational guide.
                          Professiopnal Ethics
                            Dr.Khaled Qutb                   15
 A profession is an occupation, vocation or career
  where specialized knowledge of a subject, field, or
  science is applied. It is usually applied to
  occupations that involve longed academic training
  and a formal qualification.
 Examples of the professions :

 Professions   include, for example: Doctors,
    Lawyers, Accountants, Vets, Pharmacists,
    Nurses, Engineers, Teachers, Diplomats,
    Officers, Professors, Pilots, Librarians and
    some other specialized technical occupations
                     Professiopnal Ethics
                       Dr.Khaled Qutb               16
           The Professional
A professional can be either a person in a
 profession (certain types of skilled work
 requiring formal training/education) or in
 sports (a sportsman/a sportswoman doing
 sports) for payment. Sometimes it is also
 used to indicate a special level of quality of
 goods or tools.

                   Professiopnal Ethics
                     Dr.Khaled Qutb               17

  Professiopnal Ethics
    Dr.Khaled Qutb       18

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