Home Based Business

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					Home Based Business

A home business (or "home-based business" or "HBB") is a small business
that operates from the business owner's home office. In addition to
location, home businesses are usually defined by having a very small
number of employees, usually all immediate family of the business owner,
in which case it is also a family business. Home businesses generally
lack shop frontage, customer parking and street advertising signs. Such
businesses are sometimes prohibited by residential zoning regulations.The
prospect of working from home has gained credibility over the years. Home
offices can now compete with small commercial businesses and save on rent
in the process. Faxes, high speed internet connections, dedicated home
telephone lines, and cell phones help to make a home-based business a
reality. Earlier home businesses had been where families lived on the
second floor of their house while converting the first floor into a
store, whereupon close of business they would secure the first floor and
retire to the upper floors. This type of home business is still done in
some rural areas.The concept of homebased business, as opposed to the
previous terminology of "cottage industry", first appeared in 1978. The
phrase was coined by Marion Behr, the originator of a study to find out
what businesses women throughout America were carrying on in their homes.
The preview edition of Enterprising Women wrote about the search to
gather information pertaining to home workers throughout the nation.
Numerous magazines and organizations helped to disseminate information
regarding the study. Ultimately 40,000 letters were received, many
indicating the problems the respondents experienced while carrying on
businesses from their homes. The problems were analyzed and confronted in
two ways. In 1980 the National Alliance of Homebased Businesswomen was
founded to combat the isolation expressed by the respondents as well as
to fight the laws which made conducting their businesses difficult. Then
Women Working Home: The Homebased Guide and Directory by Marion Behr and
Wendy Lazar was published.It contained the stories of many women who ran
home-based businesses throughout the country in many diverse fields, as
well as information on business formation, conduct and compliance with
the law. It sold 50,000 copies. During this time many national magazines
wrote about these issues.At the White House Conference on Small Business
in 1986, one of the major resolutions was a recommendation favoring
lifting restrictions on home-based business..<a


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