Temper Tantrums (PowerPoint) by yurtgc548

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By: Alison Anderson-Crum
Early Childhood Education
 Lively Technical Center
               Common Causes
o   Not understanding what is being asked of her
o   Not being understood
o   Not being able to express feelings or needs
o   Not being able to solve problems on her own
o   Not being able to describe an illness
o   Not being able to do things physically that she wants
o   Being uncomfortable or scared
o   Hungry, but not knowing it
o   Tired but not able to sleep
o   Jealous of others regarding things or attention
In other words,
10 Steps to
             Number 1:

   Observe tantrums for patterns.
     Avoidance of certain places,
 situations, people, and time of day
may help in not triggering a tantrum!
   So, avoid 5 p.m. at all costs!!
Okay, I am not funny and avoiding a time
   of day is impossible! So, what now?
A tantrum can occur at any time, but, by
 the end of the day, the children have had
    enough of the fun already. Save the
  soothing music and movement activity for
                   the end!
       Number 2:
Consistent routines help
children define their day.
 If they know what to
   expect next, they feel
more secure and more in
 control of their own
It is all about
            Number 3:
Set reasonable limits! No more than
      five rules and do not expect
    perfection all of the time. Have
      consequences if a rule is not
        followed. However, the
   consequences must be in line with
              the infraction..
Consistency is KEY!
  Number four:

Offer choices.
Let the children
 decide their own
area for the small
  group time, etc.
 Again, it is all
 about having
control of their
   own life!
           Number 5:
Don’t offer choices when there isn’t
  one. Sometimes, we just do not
 have a choice…that’s just the way
                it is.
“Don’t climb on the fence, okay?”
“NO, it is not okay! I want to
     climb on the fence!”
  Remove “OK” from your
   vocabulary right now!!
           Number 6:
         Don’t overreact to NO.
        Be empathetic but firm.
“I know you don’t want to nap, Timmy,
   but, it is time. At which end would
    you like to lay your head today?”
Show that you care about
  his feelings and try to
 offer a choice if there is
   one. If not, see #5.
        Number 7:
Say “YES!” more. Listen to
    the request and if it is
   reasonable go ahead and
  agree! But, if you say no,
          stick to it.
Y -E –S! Yay! YES!
  Number 8:
  Age appropriate
   materials only!!
Don’t bring in higher
 level toys hoping to
 advance them more
quickly. it only leads
    to disruptive
               # 9:
Teach her to use words to express her
  emotions. Use your feeding in and
         expansion strategies.
•Feeding in: a strategy
 where you provide the
    child’s language
•Expansion: Reframing an
 utterance into a sentence
Being able to express herself will
  improve communication skills and
    increase self-control, thus,
    lowering frustration levels.
     Number 10:

  Be a good role
Don’t scream back.
Show that you are in
Your staying in control is not
 only a good example, but, is
comforting, too. Believe it or
not, a temper tantrum is scary
  for a child. They have lost
control and feel like they are
careening over the edge. The
  caregivers are the anchor.
   Handling A Tantrum
So, you’ve done everything to
 avoid a tantrum and it didn’t

     what now?!
  YOU ACT. Take at
least thirty seconds to
 decide how you will
 handle the tantrum.
Four possible ways to
 deal with a tantrum
DISTRACT - Try to get the child's
 attention focused on something
else. If he screams when you take
him away from something unsafe,
 offer him something else to play
 with. This technique works well
            with toddlers.
REMOVE - Take the child to a quiet,
  private place to calm down. This
  should be a quiet "cooling down"
    place that is away from other
   children. Avoid trying to talk or
  reason with a screaming child. It
   doesn't work! Stay nearby until
 you see that she has calmed down.
  Then you can talk and return to
      whatever you were doing.
 IGNORE - Older children will
sometimes throw tantrums to get
    attention. Try ignoring the
  tantrum and going about your
        business as usual.
  HOLD - Holding an "out of control" child calmly is
 sometimes necessary to keep him from hurting himself or
someone else. You might also say something like: "I can see
 you are angry right now, and I am going to hold you until
  you calm down. I won't let you hurt me or anyone else."
  Often this approach can be comforting to a child. Again,
 children don't like to be out of control. It scares them. An
adult who is able to take charge of the situation and remain
         calm and in control can be very reassuring.
…Be the anchor!!

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