A L S O I N T H I S I S S U E by xiangpeng


									            July 2010 • Volume 17 Number 7

Slouching towards socialism Page 4
Are families moving to Oklahoma? Page 8
How school choice came to Oklahoma Page 10
Higher education’s bubble is about to burst Page 12
Wherein the DHS budget shrinks and your family budget grows Page 14
July 2010                                             Vol. 17, No. 7
                                                                                             I N   C A S E        Y O U       M I S S E D
                                                                                                                Brandon Dutcher
                                                                                                                                                   I T

     Brandon Dutcher .................................. Editor
Perspective is published monthly by the Oklahoma Council
of Public Affairs, Inc., an independent public policy organi-
zation. OCPA formulates and promotes public policy
research and analysis consistent with the principles of free
                                                                                 A    ccording to the Tax Foundation, Oklahoma ranks 19th highest among
                                                                                       the 50 states in state and local tax burden as a percentage of state
                                                                                 income. Source: http://bit.ly/cgzjn3
enterprise and limited government.
                                                                                    OCPA economist J. Scott Moody says Oklahoma’s pension liability may
                          OCPA Trustees
           Blake Arnold                            Henry F. Kane
                                                                                 equal up to 40 percent of the state’s GDP bit.ly/cXsiMm
            Oklahoma City                             Bartlesville                  Liberal policy analyst David Blatt says the passage of State Question
         Mary Lou Avery                             Robert Kane
            Oklahoma City                                Tulsa                   744 would create a substantial funding crisis for public services in Okla-
          Lee J. Baxter                              Gene Love                   homa. bit.ly/cT3mxp
               Lawton                                   Lawton
         Steve W. Beebe                       Tom H. McCasland III                  Oklahoma Public Employees Association executive director Sterling
               Duncan                                   Duncan
          John A. Brock                         David McLaughlin                 Zearley, citing the Oklahoma Office of State Finance, says between 5,000
                Tulsa                                     Enid
     David R. Brown, M.D.                         Lew Meibergen
                                                                                 and 7,000 state workers would likely lose their jobs if State Question 744
            Oklahoma City                                 Enid                   passes. bit.ly/daYbbW
         Aaron Burleson                            Lloyd Noble II
                Altus                                    Tulsa                      The NEA had 23,451 active K-12 education-employee members in
           Paul A. Cox                         Robert E. Patterson               Oklahoma as of December 31, 2009—down four percent from the previ-
            Oklahoma City                                Tulsa
         Jay T. Edwards
            Oklahoma City
                                                      Bill Price
                                                    Oklahoma City
                                                                                 ous year. bit.ly/9XnEnN
        Josephine Freede                          Patrick Rooney                    National Review’s Kevin Williamson says the oft-cited $14 trillion
            Oklahoma City                           Oklahoma City
           Kent Frizzell                        Melissa Sandefer                 national debt “doesn’t even begin to cover the real indebtedness of
              Claremore                                 Norman
                                                                                 American governments at the federal, state, and local levels,” which is
      Ann Felton Gilliland                        Robert Sullivan
            Oklahoma City                                Tulsa                   closer to $130 trillion. bit.ly/91Pj8Z
          John T. Hanes                              Lew Ward
            Oklahoma City                                 Enid                      Indiana Gov. (and former OMB director) Mitch Daniels says
          Ralph Harvey                        William E. Warnock, Jr.            ObamaCare represents “a huge mandated tax at the state level” and
            Oklahoma City                                Tulsa
        John A. Henry III                     Gary W. Wilson, M.D.               “there is a very significant chance this is going to be a nightmare.”
            Oklahoma City                               Edmond
                             Daryl Woodard                                       bit.ly/c809Cq
                                                                                   James Bush III, acting president of the Southern Christian Leadership
                   OCPA Adjunct Scholars
        Will Clark, Ph.D.                 Ronald L. Moomaw, Ph.D.                Conference, says school choice helps to fulfill Dr. King’s dream. bit.ly/btnsma
       University of Oklahoma                 Oklahoma State University (Ret.)
     David Deming, Ph.D.
       University of Oklahoma
    Bobbie L. Foote, Ph.D.
     University of Oklahoma (Ret.)
                                                  Ann Nalley, Ph.D.
                                                    Cameron University
                                                Bruce Newman, Ph.D.
                                              Western Oklahoma State College
                                                                                 F    ormer Oklahoma Gov. Frank Keating says it’s time to get rid of the
                                                                                     state income tax. bit.ly/b2XX6j
                                                                                    American Enterprise Institute scholar Andrew G. Biggs says govern-
       Kyle Harper, Ph.D.                       Stafford North, Ph.D.
       University of Oklahoma                  Oklahoma Christian University     ment employees at all levels—local, state, and federal—receive greater
E. Scott Henley, Ph.D., J.D., D.Ph.
    Oklahoma City University (Ret.)
                                                 Everett Piper, Ph.D.            total compensation than private-sector workers. bit.ly/d3LelB
                                               Oklahoma Wesleyan University
    Russell W. Jones, Ph.D.                   Michael Scaperlanda, J.D.             One Oklahoma school superintendent is earning nearly $156,000 to
    University of Central Oklahoma                University of Oklahoma         oversee a school district with fewer than 600 students. bit.ly/be7yYb
    Andrew W. Lester, J.D.               Andrew C. Spiropoulos, J.D.
  Oklahoma City University (Adjunct)             Oklahoma City University           In a recent issue of Urban Tulsa Weekly, Tom Daxon and I argue that
      David L. May, Ph.D.                           Quentin Taylor               Oklahoma can get better schools through better accounting. bit.ly/bHTgsw
      Oklahoma City University                    Rogers State University
                                                                                    OCPA adjunct scholar David Deming says history teaches us that
                          OCPA Fellows
                 Steven J. Anderson, MBA, CPA                                    “destruction awaits those who attempt to placate their enemies by surren-
                             Research Fellow
                        J. Rufus Fears, Ph.D.                                    dering their weapons.” bit.ly/9GuUs0
              Dr. David and Ann Brown Distinguished Fellow
                        for Freedom Enhancement                                     In a podcast interview with the editor of School Reform News, I extol
                        J. Scott Moody, M.A.
                             Research Fellow
                                                                                 Oklahoma’s new special-needs scholarship law. bit.ly/atZGb7
                    Wendy P. Warcholik, Ph.D.                                       The Washington Post reports that nonprofits are filling a need for
                             Research Fellow
                     OCPA Legal Counsel
                                                                                 investigative reporting [bit.ly/aLNqlv], and a former Wall Street Journal
                DeBee Gilchrist # Oklahoma City                                  assistant publisher agrees that these nonprofit news sites are important.
                            OCPA Staff                                           bit.ly/davCQh
                Michael Carnuccio / President                                      Oklahoma’s pension deficits = government fraud. bit.ly/9VcDBB
            Brett A. Magbee / VP for Operations
              Brandon Dutcher / VP for Policy                                      Cato Institute scholar Andrew J. Coulson says the U.S. economy needs
       Margaret Ann Morris / Director of Development
           Jason Sutton / Policy Impact Director
                                                                                 fewer public-school jobs, not more. bit.ly/9u6hGX
                   Bob Provine / Controller                                        OCPA distinguished fellow J. Rufus Fears says America was founded
              Dacia Harris / Executive Assistant
        Chelsea Barnett / Special Projects Coordinator                           on moral principles. bit.ly/cJKjUq
                 Clara Wright / Receptionist                                       On Father’s Day in The Oklahoman, Gov. Brad Henry received some
 1401 N. Lincoln Boulevard # Oklahoma City, OK 73104                             well-deserved praise for his generosity of spirit. bit.ly/9PuzvV
       (405) 602-1667 # FAX: (405) 602-1238
      www.ocpathink.org # ocpa@ocpathink.org                                       96,767 Oklahomans have concealed-carry licenses. bit.ly/ag0YDV

 Look who’s talking.
       OCPA’s speakers don’t disappoint.

   Larry Arnn          John Bolton                                                              William F. Buckley, Jr.   Dinesh D’Souza

 J. Rufus Fears        Steve Forbes                                                               Tommy Franks              John Fund

                                         Sarah Palin
                                            September 15, 2010 • Tulsa, OK
                                         Table sales are now available. Individual tickets
                                           (if available) will go on sale September 1.
 Newt Gingrich       Steven F. Hayward     For more information, call 405-602-1667.               David Horowitz          Laura Ingraham

Gov. Frank Keating   Jeane Kirkpatrick      Rich Lowry     Merrill Matthews      Ed Meese        Stephen Moore            Peggy Noonan

 Marvin Olasky        Gov. Bill Owens      Star Parker      Michael Reagan     Rep. Paul Ryan       Joe Sobran            Thomas Stafford

  John Stossel         Cal Thomas        Clarence Thomas Sen. Malcolm Wallop    John Walton         J.C. Watts            Walter Williams

Oklahoma’s Private-Sector Share of Income Reaches New Low
By J. Scott Moody and Wendy P Warcholik

O     klahoma’s private-sector share of personal
       income has reached an all-time low, as govern-
ment spending continues to crowd out private-sector
                                                                 Policy makers need to be reminded that only the
                                                              private sector can create new wealth and income.
                                                              Government can only spend what it taxes or borrows
economic activity in the state.                               from the private sector.
   On June 18, the U.S. Department of Commerce’s                 Overall, the federal stimulus package has been
Bureau of Economic Analysis released new                                 bad news for Oklahoma’s private sector.
personal income data for the first quarter                               Since increased government spending
of 2010. As shown in Chart 1, Oklahoma’s                                 crowds out private-sector spending, the so-
private-sector share of personal income                                  called stimulus package is really just a shift
reached a new low of 62.14 percent—edging out the             in the economy away from the private sector and
previous low of 62.71 percent set in the fourth quarter       towards the public sector.
of 2009.                                                         We’re getting uncomfortably close to the day when
   Chart 2 shows the culprit behind this crowding out         the private sector’s share of personal income dips
of the private sector: the American Recovery and              below 50 percent and the government generates the
Reinvestment Act (the so-called “stimulus” package).          majority of economic activity. %
In the first quarter of 2010, the ARRA pumped $1.173             Economists J. Scott Moody (M.A., George Mason Univer-
billion into Oklahoma’s economy—the highest of any                              .
                                                              sity) and Wendy P Warcholik (Ph.D., George Mason Univer-
quarter since the ARRA became law.                            sity) are OCPA research fellows.

   Oklahoma ranks a disappointing 35th out of 50
   in a new state-by-state ranking of tort costs
   and tort laws, but comprehensive lawsuit
   reforms enacted in 2009 have the state
   moving in the right direction

   By Lawrence J. McQuillan
   and Hovannes Abramyan

A    n efficient tort liability system is an important
      ingredient for a thriving free-enterprise economy.
It ensures that businesses and individuals have proper
                                                               us pay the price, whether we realize it or not.
                                                                  There is growing evidence that today’s U.S. tort
                                                               system as a whole, and especially the system in
incentives to produce safe products and provide safe           certain states, is a net cost to society at the margin. In
services, and that true victims are fully compensated.         a new study, U.S. Tort Liability Index: 2010 Report
A tort system of that kind encourages greater trust            (available at pacificresearch.org), we measure which
among market participants, more economic activity and          states impose the highest, and the lowest, tort liability
employment, and eventually a higher standard of living         costs both in absolute and in relative terms. Our study
for individuals in the society. An optimal tort system         also measures relative tort litigation risks across
provides maximum net benefits to society.                      states. Moreover, it examines which states have rules
   An inefficient tort system, on the other hand, im-          on the books that, if implemented and enforced, help
poses excessive costs on society, not the least of which       reduce lawsuit abuse and tort costs, resulting in a
is forgone production of goods and services. There is          more balanced, predictable, and affordable civil-
growing evidence that tort costs in the United States          justice system.
are far greater than in other countries, and that much            The U.S. tort system is an industry, and, like any
of the difference is due to excessive litigation and           industry, it consists of inputs and outputs. Tort-system
lawsuit abuse.                                                 inputs include such things as courthouses, judges,
   All of us shoulder the burden of an excessively             juries, clerks, copying machines, law libraries, and
expensive and inefficient tort liability system through        the tort rules and procedures on the books that shape
higher prices, lower wages, decreased returns on               tort outputs.
investments in capital and land, restricted access to             Tort-system outputs consist of cases filed, personal-
health care, and less innovation. Businesses that              injury lawyers to file and handle the cases, damage
spend more money each year on liability insurance              awards, and settlement amounts. In short, the outputs
have less money available for research and develop-            from the U.S. tort liability system consist of monetary
ment, or for health benefits for their employees. All of       tort losses and tort litigation risks.

    Our report uses comprehensive, hard data on all 50           The sinners are states that have relatively high
states to assess separately the outputs and inputs of         monetary tort losses and/or high tort litigation risks
each state’s tort system and rank the states accord-          and relatively weak tort rules on the books. The 20
ingly. We selected the variables after consulting with        sinners are likely to face high and rising tort liability
dozens of legal scholars, economists, university              costs in the future if lawsuit abuse continues un-
professors, insurance experts, and lawyers, and after         checked.
an exhaustive search of the scholarly academic                   The salvageables are states that have moderate to
literature.                                                   high relative monetary tort losses and/or moderate to
    Our report measures outputs using 13 variables            high tort litigation risks, yet have moderate to strong
and then ranks the states from best to worst. The             tort rules, probably as a result of recent reforms. If the
Index is ordinally driven, meaning that each state is         rules are implemented as written on the books, the 16
compared to the other 49 states across all variables.         salvageables, including Oklahoma, are positioned to
The 13 output variables are grouped into two catego-          do a better job of containing their tort liability costs
ries: monetary tort losses and tort litigation risks. The     and to move up in future output rankings as the
output rankings are free of any subjective bias of the        benefits of reform feed back to improve outputs.
report’s authors—they are based solely on outside,               The suckers are the nine states that have weak tort
independent data.                                                                           rules on the books because
    The inputs to the U.S. tort                                                             they currently have rela-
liability system include the                                                                tively low monetary tort
rules on the books in each                   Oklahoma’s 2009 lawsuit                        losses and/or low tort
state that shape its tort-               reforms were largely driven by                     litigation risks and, there-
system outputs—its mon-                     earlier reforms adopted in                      fore, believe that reform is
etary tort losses and tort                                                                  not needed.
litigation risks. Tort rules can                 neighboring Texas.                             Our study also examines
be crafted by voters, legisla-                                                              evidence from today’s top
tors, and/or judges, either                                                                 economists and legal
directly or indirectly, in each state. It is helpful to think scholars on the benefits of lawsuit reform in people’s
of tort rules as the dials that can be turned to influ-       lives. We review important research findings that have
ence the final outputs of the tort system.                    emerged since our previous edition was published in
    Our report uses 29 variables to rank each state’s         2008. The studies document that lawsuit reform can
tort rules. These 29 input variables are grouped into         cut insurance premiums; increase productivity, em-
three categories: monetary caps, substantive-law              ployment, output, earnings, and the tax base; boost
rules, and procedural and structural institutions. We         innovation and sales of new products; lower health
judged how effective, stringent, rigid, or binding each       care costs while improving health care access; and
variable was in each state based on current statutory         save lives.
law or on court decisions/common law.                            Connecting this evidence to the U.S. Tort Liability
    The state that has the best tort rules on the books—      Index leads to one vital conclusion: A better index
and that will be heading in the right direction if the        ranking for a state—achieved through a commitment
rules are fully implemented—is Oklahoma, followed             to meaningful lawsuit reform—translates, everything
by Texas, Ohio, Colorado, and Mississippi. States             else being equal, into a better legal environment in
that implement meaningful tort reform challenge their         which to invest human, physical, and financial capi-
neighbors to do the same or be at a competitive               tal, the ingredients for self-sustaining economic
disadvantage in the battle to attract people and              growth and personal prosperity. Given these profound
capital. Oklahoma’s 2009 reforms, for example, were           and sweeping benefits, state lawmakers and ordinary
largely driven by the earlier reforms adopted in              citizens would be wise to promote and enact legal
neighboring Texas.                                            reforms that eliminate lawsuit abuse. %
    By merging the output and input results, we can              Lawrence J. McQuillan (Ph.D., George Mason University)
divide the states into four groups: saints, sinners,          is director of business and economic studies and senior
salvageables, and suckers.                                    fellow in political economy at the Pacific Research Institute
    Briefly, the saints are states that have relatively low   (PRI) in San Francisco. He is a coauthor of the U.S. Eco-
monetary tort losses and/or low tort litigation risks         nomic Freedom Index, published with Forbes, which ranks
                                                              the 50 states according to how friendly or unfriendly their
and relatively strong tort rules on the books. These
                                                              state-government policies are to free enterprise and
five states are well positioned to contain their tort         consumer choice. Hovannes Abramyan (B.A., University of
liability costs in the future if the rules are imple-         California, Berkeley) is a public policy fellow in business and
mented as written.                                            economic studies at PRI.

                                                          U.S. Tort Liability Index: 2010 Report
                                                    A state-by-state ranking of tort costs and tort laws
                                                                                                       Personal                                                    Resident
                 Overall              Farm-   Commercial      Other-      Home-     Med-    Product      self-     Commercial      Monetary                       and active     Total  Litigation
                  Output    Auto    owners’    multi-peril   liability   owners’     mal    liability insurance   self-insurance   Tort Loss Largest    “Judicial attorneys    incoming    Risks
State            Ranking   losses    losses     losses        losses      losses   losses    losses     losses        losses       Ranking Awards      hellholes”   cases       awards Ranking
Alabama           25         5       38          30           6          33         22        21         26             20           18      15.7       25.5         35          25          41
Alaska             1        45       16           8           2          11          6         9          6              1            2       1.0        1.0          7           3           1
Arizona           16        31       10          18          19           8         30        33         34             17           17      20.6        1.0          9          32          25
Arkansas          30        15        7          19          42          45         11        12         40             39           26       5.9       25.5         15          40          33
California        41        33       19          31          44          23         15        31          8             38           28      50.0       25.5         37          15          47
Colorado          32        30       29          34          41          30         33        39         18             37           41       1.0        1.0         31          10          12
Connecticut       42        42        3          41          30          27         40        37         24             30           36       5.9        1.0         46          44          39
Delaware          20        48       12          14          34           2         47         1         32             21           21      10.8        1.0          1          47          22
Florida           48        44        8          29          38          29         25        27         49             43           43      40.2       50.0         38          36          48
Georgia           28        24       41          20          21          44         28         2         35             14           25      15.7        1.0         24          46          34
Hawaii             2        26        2           1          17           1         12        28          3              2            1       1.0        1.0         22           4           6
Idaho              7        14       30          37          16          17          2        22         25             15           12       1.0        1.0         20           6           7
Illinois          47        35       25          33          46          36         46        46          9             45           48      10.8       50.0         48          16          46
Indiana           29        16       48          43          29          42         21        14         27             31           34       5.9        1.0         10          28          13
Iowa              10        10       21          21          36          32         29        15          5             34           20       1.0        1.0          8          17           3
Kansas            12        17       42          10          13          43          7        40         17             10           16       5.9        1.0         21          20          15
Kentucky          36        28       50          35           8          41         31        29         46             23           42       5.9        1.0         30          21          20
Louisiana         11        40       20           3           1          50          1         8         41              3            8       5.9        1.0         32          27          28
Maine              6         7       17          38           3          26         35         7         19             11            7       1.0        1.0         27           9          11
Maryland          24        39       22          11          27          22         43        18         38             24           29       1.0        1.0         33          22          19
Massachusetts     17        38        5           6          45          13         38         5         12             40           19       5.9        1.0         49           5          23
Michigan          43        43       43          22          33          31         20        48         50             28           47       1.0        1.0         42          24          30
Minnesota         26        21       23          24          20          49         23        35         21             12           23       5.9       25.5         41           2          31
Mississippi       21         2        9          12          26          39          3        16         39             29           10       1.0       25.5         28          45          40
Missouri          45        12       45          27          43          38         16        36         29             41           40       5.9        1.0         47          49          43
Montana           44        34       32          50          47          19         17        17         44             47           45       1.0        1.0         36          41          32
Nebraska          33        23       33          17          37          46         19        47         22             42           39       1.0        1.0         19          29          17
Nevada            40        49       15          45          39           3         14        44         42             44           44      20.6        1.0          4          38          26
New Hampshire     23        19       13          49          11          40         42        42         13             32           32       1.0        1.0         12          13           4
New Jersey        50        50        4          40          48          20         45        49         48             48           50      30.4       50.0         39          50          49
New Mexico        38         9       24          46          22          14         32        38         30             33           31       1.0       50.0         23          33          44
New York          49        47       18          44          49           5         50        43         11             49           46      45.1       50.0         50          34          50
North Carolina     3        20       11           7           5          10          9        24         23              4            4       1.0        1.0          5           7           2
North Dakota       5         3       26          23           4          25         24        13          1              8            5       1.0       25.5          2           1           9
Ohio              15        13       44          16          14          37         18         6         15              6            9      20.6        1.0         34          37          37
Oklahoma          35        18       47           9          10          48         39        20         37             19           30      15.7        1.0         43          35          38
Oregon            34        36       35          48          35           6         13        30         36             35           37      10.8        1.0         26          26          27
Pennsylvania      46        37       27          42          50           9         44        50         31             50           49      25.5       25.5         40          11          42
Rhode Island      39        46        1          32          31          12         41        25         43             36           33       1.0        1.0         44          42          35
South Carolina    14        25        6          39           7          24         26        10         45             16           15       1.0        1.0         14          43          21
South Dakota       4         6       31           4           9          21         10        19          2              7            3       1.0        1.0          6          39          14
Tennessee         22        11       49          15          32          34         37         3         20             27           24       1.0        1.0         18          30          18
Texas             18        27       28           5          24          47          8        11         16              9           11      35.3       25.5         16          12          36
Utah              13        29       14          28          15           7         36        41         28             26           22       5.9        1.0         13           8           5
Vermont           37         4       39          47          40          18         49        26         14             46           38       1.0        1.0         45          19          29
Virginia           8        22       36           2          12          15         27        23         10              5            6       1.0        1.0         11          48          24
Washington        31        41       37          26          28          16         34        34         33             22           35       5.9        1.0         25          18          16
West Virginia     27        32       34          36          18           4          4         4         47             18           14       5.9       50.0         29          31          45
Wisconsin          9         8       40          13          23          28          5        45          7             13           13       5.9        1.0         17          14          10
Wyoming           19         1       46          25          25          35         48        32          4             25           27       1.0        1.0          3          23           8
Source: Pacific Research Institute, http://www.pacificresearch.org/docLib/20100525_Tort_Liability_Index_2010.pdf

Are Families Moving to Oklahoma?
By J. Scott Moody and Wendy P Warcholik

T   hree months ago in these pages (“Voting with
    Their Feet,” April 2010) we looked at Oklahoma’s
migration patterns and found that, since 2005, signifi-
                                                                                       “25 to 44” age cohort adding 27,784 people.
                                                                                         What may explain this dramatic shift? Clearly, the
                                                                                       sudden surge of in-migrants after 2005 was a major
cantly more people are moving into Oklahoma than                                       factor. Put simply, families from other states are
are moving out. Chart 1 shows that since 2005 Okla-                                    moving to Oklahoma for a better lifestyle. As we
homa has gained nearly 56,000 new residents from                                       showed in April, many of these in-migrants are com-
out of state.                                                                          ing from California, where raising a family is signifi-
   Unfortunately, the data do not provide any informa-                                 cantly harder to do than it is in Oklahoma (with its
tion as to the characteristics of these new residents.                                 lower taxes, more affordable housing, and so on).
Are they empty-nesters moving to retire in Oklahoma?                                     Moreover, there is another piece of evidence which
Are they young families moving for a better lifestyle                                  suggests many of these in-migrants are families: a
(jobs, affordable housing, good education, etc.)? The                                  spiking birth rate. Naturally, the decision to have
answer is important because an influx of empty-                                        children is a major life event which then leads to other
nesters has much less of a long-term economic                                          changes, including relocation. A young couple may
impact than would an influx of families.                                               not be a “family” prior to relocation, but may become
   Fortunately, however, the Census Bureau does                                        one shortly thereafter. Also, small families may
produce a number of complementary data sets that                                       become larger families. In either case, changes in the
can be used to shed light on this question.                                            birth rate can be an important telltale sign.
   The first place to look for answers is the change in                                  And indeed this is in this case. As shown in Chart 3,
population by age cohort. Chart 2 and Table 1 show                                     since the post-2005 surge of in-migrants, Oklahoma’s
the yearly percentage change of four age cohorts                                       birth rate has spiked to a new level. Between 2000
using an index value starting in 2000. The most                                        and 2005, new births averaged 50,671. Between 2006
striking feature in the chart can be seen in the “under                                and 2009, the average of new births jumped to
18 years” and “25 to 44 years” age cohorts.                                            54,079—an average of 3,408 more births per year.
   Between 2000 and 2005, the “under 18” age cohort                                    Clearly the birth rate was getting an assist from the
lost 7,968 people while the “25 to 44” age cohort lost                                 additional 27,784 people in the “24 to 44” age cohort,
42,890 people. Then, remarkably, between 2005 and                                      contributing to the 34,923 people in the “under 18”
2009 those same age cohorts gained people—with the                                     age cohort.
“under 18” age cohort adding 34,923 people and the                                       Overall, the evidence, while circumstantial, strongly

                                                                       Table 1
                                                        Oklahoma’s Population by Age Cohort
                                                             July 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009
                                                   Amount                                                                       Index Value

                                   Under 18        18 to 24      25 to 44      45 to 64      65 years                 Under      18 to     25 to     45 to     65 and
 Year                  Total        years           years         years         years        and over        Total     18         24        44        64        over
 July 1, 2000       3,453,943       891,894        358,410       972,341       774,682       456,616         1.00      1.00      1.00      1.00      1.00      1.00
 July 1, 2001       3,464,729       885,502        371,524       959,177       791,071       457,455         1.00      0.99      1.04      0.99      1.02      1.00
 July 1, 2002       3,484,754       885,632        380,081       949,715       810,895       458,431         1.01      0.99      1.06      0.98      1.05      1.00
 July 1, 2003       3,498,687       884,797        385,540       937,797       829,409       461,144         1.01      0.99      1.07      0.96      1.07      1.01
 July 1, 2004       3,514,449       881,241        390,622       932,965       845,895       463,726         1.02      0.99      1.09      0.96      1.09      1.02
 July 1, 2005       3,532,769       883,926        387,237       929,451       864,595       467,560         1.02      0.99      1.08      0.96      1.11      1.02
 July 1, 2006       3,574,334       892,657        387,971       934,002       885,087       474,617         1.03      1.00      1.08      0.96      1.13      1.04
 July 1, 2007       3,612,186       902,105        385,533       942,288       901,579       480,681         1.04      1.01      1.07      0.97      1.15      1.05
 July 1, 2008       3,644,025       907,488        384,449       946,907       915,894       489,287         1.05      1.02      1.07      0.97      1.17      1.07
 July 1, 2009       3,687,050       918,849        386,532       957,235       928,472       495,962         1.07      1.03      1.08      0.98      1.18      1.08
 Sources: U.S. Department of Commerce: Census Bureau; Oklahoma Council of Public Affairs. The comparative growth indices were created by setting the base
 year (2000) equal to one and then multiplying each successive year by the growth rate. This makes it easier to visualize the relative growth differentials without
 worrying about the differences in starting values.

points to families as being a significant share of          when considering any policies which would adversely
56,000 new Oklahoma residents since 2005. This is           affect Oklahoma’s reputation regarding taxes, afford-
good news for Oklahoma’s economy, especially                able housing, and a job-friendly business climate. %
considering it helped to reverse a disturbing decline          Economists J. Scott Moody (M.A., George Mason Univer-
in the “under 18” and “24 to 45” age cohorts prior to                         .
                                                            sity) and Wendy P Warcholik (Ph.D., George Mason Univer-
2005. Policymakers should keep these facts in mind          sity) are OCPA research fellows.

How School Choice Came to Oklahoma
By Patrick B. McGuigan

F    or many years I have reported in newspapers, in
     cyberspace, and in the broadcast arena. Due to
my own interest and leavened by experiences as an
                                                               Star Parker, and Colorado Gov. Bill Owens to detail
                                                               not only the theory but also the practice of school
                                                               choice. When I was a commentator at The Oklaho-
inner-city educator, I have written hundreds of stories        man, I often focused on such speakers and on break-
on education. A high percentage of those have been             ing news about successful choice programs.
focused on school choice.                                         In the late 1990s, public charter schools were
   While choice was once a sidebar or “inside page”            authorized in Oklahoma. That cracked open the door
story, it is now defining American educational reform.         to more responsive use of public dollars for the public
Most reformers are politically conservative—but not            purpose of educating children. Even the Oklahoma
all. Most opponents are liberal—but not all. And 2010          City Public School Foundation advocated limited
will be remembered as the year that education choice           forms of school choice in its 2000-01 advocacy of
more dramatic and substantive than charter schools             funding reforms.
became part of the fabric of Oklahoma law, with                Who Led Us to This Choice
conservatives and liberals on both sides of the debate.           In recent years, the most vital advance was prob-
   State Rep. Jason Nelson of Oklahoma City joined             ably the formation of a school choice coalition under
last winter with state Sen. Patrick Anderson of Enid to        the leadership of Oklahoma City attorney Bill Price,
fashion legislation (first advocated years ago by              working closely with Leslie Hiner of the Indianapolis-
former state Sen. Scott Pruitt) designed to allow state        based Foundation for Educational Choice (formerly
funding for special-needs children to follow those             the Friedman Foundation). Coalition participants
children to whatever school is best for them.                  meet regularly, usually at a working lunch at OCPA, to
   Those two Republicans were joined in support by a           share information and propose action. In February,
small but important group of Democrats, led by black           school-choice advocate Patrick Byrne, the CEO of
state Reps. Anastasia Pittman of Oklahoma City and             Overstock.com, came to Oklahoma for a press confer-
Jabar Shumate of Tulsa.                                        ence, a speech to a joint meeting of Rotary, Lions, and
   I’ve previously reported how House Bill 3393 gath-          Kiwanis clubs in Oklahoma City (Price introduced
ered steam, picking up momentum after Gov. Brad                him), and a meeting with key civic leaders in Tulsa.
Henry and his wife Kim, responding to a request from              Price was among the Oklahomans who traveled to
Speaker-designate Kris Steele, allowed the proposal            Philadelphia in November 2009 to explore expansive
to bear the name of the daughter the Henrys lost to a          examples of school choice. They visited Spruce Hill
rare illness 20 years ago.                                     Christian School, talked with legislators like black
   As the Lindsey Nicole Henry Scholarships for                Democrat state Sen. Anthony Williams, and partici-
Students with Disabilities Program Act worked its way          pated in long exchanges with people who have made
through the Legislature, massive lobbying from                 inner-city education reform a reality. Oklahomans
entrenched interests tried to stop the idea. But timely        who made the trip included state Reps. Lee Denney
calls to wavering Republicans from former Florida              (R-Cushing) and Jason Nelson (R-Oklahoma City) and
Gov. Jeb Bush stiffened the spines of key legislators—         state Sens. Brian Bingman (R-Sapulpa), John Ford (R-
and the rest is history.                                       Bartlesville), Dan Newberry (R-Tulsa), and Gary
How We Learned About Choice                                    Stanislawski (R-Tulsa). Also on the trip were former
   Milton Friedman, the late Nobel Prize laureate in           state Rep. Susan Winchester, Ginger Tinney of Profes-
economics, made the case for a modern version of               sional Oklahoma Educators, Michael Carnuccio (sev-
school choice in America, providing evidence again             eral months before he became OCPA president), Dr.
and again that a market could work in education just           David Hand (dean of the Oral Roberts University
as it does in the rest of American life. Friedman and          College of Education), Tom Daxon, and Matt Robison
his wife, Rose, believed in the power of ideas.                of the State Chamber (who later fashioned a timely
   Here at home, the Oklahoma Council of Public Affairs        Chamber endorsement of House Bill 3393). From that
(OCPA) came along in 1993. Beyond presentation of              trip came the nexus of the school choice push in the
fundamental economic truths and constant scrutiny of           2010 legislative session.
government spending and taxation patterns, school                 There’s the recent “back story,” but there’s more.
choice has been one of the most frequent ideas pre-               Over the past decade, the Black Alliance for Educa-
sented in OCPA publications and public forums.                 tional Options (BAEO) emerged as a major national
   OCPA hosted speakers like Marvin Olasky, John               force for education reform. And that group had
Walton (of the Wal-Mart family), black conservative            impacted the thinking of black leaders here in Okla-

homa, including state Rep. Jabar Shumate of Tulsa.              upper chamber.
   In a series of lengthy essays in Perspective spread             Sen. Kathleen Wilcoxson of south Oklahoma City, a
over several years, I detailed the bluntness and                former educator, deliberatively took colleagues
candor of leaders like north Tulsa pastor Donald                through the pluses and minuses of the bill, doing the
O’Neil Tyler. He began to speak out several years               math and making the case about as dispassionately
back, with words of truth to power: “I have kids in my          as could be imagined. Williamson and Wilcoxson,
church that graduate and can’t read. And you tell me            both Republicans, planted seeds two years ago that
this system is working?”                                        grew into the durable sapling of choice this year.
   Tyler got attention when he bluntly declared that if            Judy Eason-McIntyre, who represents north Tulsa,
Oklahoma ever created full-scale choice, allowing               could not have been clearer in her support for the
funding to flow to willing providers like his church, he        New Hope bill. And perhaps the toughest assessment
would take 60 to 100 kids from his part of town “who            of Democrats by a Democrat that day came from Tom
are not now in school at all”—and would stand                   Adelson, another Tulsan. He told colleagues who were
accountable for the results.                                    assailing Williamson’s bill that the “lofty and empty
   Then there’s Deborah Brown of Tulsa, one of the              rhetoric on my [Democratic] side” had embarrassed
dozen people I most admire in Oklahoma today. This              him. He voted for Williamson’s bill.
one-woman powerhouse has drawn to herself a                        Several Democrats who stood for choice that day
coterie of world-class educators working at the edge            are still in the upper chamber, but each broke against
of a ghetto. She graduates college-bound youngsters             the Nelson-Pittman-Anderson bill this year. In the long
from a system that includes both a private school and           run they still contributed to reform. As for Eason-
a charter system. Deborah says she could double her             McIntyre and Adelson, their opposition to this year’s
numbers if full-scale choice came to                                             measure can’t remove the drama and
Oklahoma.                                                                        singular clarity of their 2008 reflections.
   Ms. Brown, my kindred soul, is                                                Focusing on Children, Not Politics
admittedly a long-standing critic of                                                Both hope and admonition come in
public school failures. So, what about                                           this first draft of history. Reformers
Betty Mason, the retired Oklahoma                                                always assumed, with pretty good
City Public Schools superintendent?                                              reasons, that the first school-choice
She’s now running St. John Christian                                             measure to make it through all the
Academy in northeast Oklahoma City.                                              hurdles in Oklahoma would be a
Betty has promised that if the Legislature allows               modest scholarship program centered most likely
money to follow children in all areas of education, “I          among “at-risk” children in our poorest school dis-
know we could make that work, and make it real for              tricts. But in a tough fiscal environment that led to
our children.” Already educating 110 students, she              trimming the sails of many tax credits, the first step
guarantees her system could handle another 90                   beyond charter schools wound up being a true paren-
children if the money were forthcoming.                         tal choice program, funded with taxes and aimed at a
   Democratic state Rep. Rebecca Hamilton of Okla-              vulnerable population.
homa City was a more subdued advocate of school                    Lindsey’s Law passed thanks to a strong-enough
choice, joining Pittman and Shumate in backing                  Republican majority, a small cluster of pro-reform
Nelson’s historic push for Lindsey’s Law. In 2008, she          Democrats, and support from a governor who no one
told colleagues underprivileged children live lives             dared believe would favor such an idea before he
that most legislators can’t even imagine. Choice gives          was invited into the discussion.
them real hope in the real world. Shumate, in that                 Years ago, I chose to chronicle the story of choice
same debate, said school choice is the best anti-               as it unfolds in Oklahoma. I do not dictate strategies
poverty program he’s ever seen.                                 or tactics. Still, I can’t help reporting this: choice came
   As advocates revel in the victory achieved this year,        to Oklahoma because supporters kept themselves
they must remember those whose words and deeds in               focused on children, not politics. It came because
past years laid the groundwork for reform.                      advocates never stopped talking to opponents and
When the Choice Debate Changed                                  because they reached out to diverse people on the
   In the 2008 legislative session, then-Sen. James             basis of shared values.
Williamson of Tulsa, a Republican, pushed the “New                 Happy birthday, Milton Friedman (would have
Hope” proposal to create a tax-credit-financed schol-           turned 98 years old on July 31). Thank you for your
arship. After a lengthy and emotional debate, the               idea that we should be free to choose. %
dam broke to favor choice—seven Democrats joined                  Patrick McGuigan (M.A. in history, Oklahoma State
every Republican as the measure sailed through the              University) is editor of CapitolBeatOK.com.

Higher Education’s Bubble Is About to Burst
By Glenn Harlan Reynolds

I t’s a story of an industry that may sound familiar.
   The buyers think what they’re buying will appreci-
ate in value, making them rich in the future. The
                                                               student loans, which cannot be expunged in a bank-
                                                               ruptcy. She’s stuck in a financial trap.
                                                                  Some might say that she deserves it—who borrows
product grows more and more elaborate, and more                $100,000 to finance a degree in women’s and religious
and more expensive, but the expense is offset by               studies that won’t make you any money? She should
cheap credit provided by sellers eager to encourage            have wised up, and others should learn from her
buyers to buy.                                                 mistake, instead of learning too late, as she did: “I
   Buyers see that everyone else is taking on mounds           don’t want to spend the rest of my life slaving away to
of debt, and so are more comfortable when they do so           pay for an education I got for four years and would
themselves; besides, for a generation, the value of            happily give back.”
what they’re buying has gone up steadily. What could              But bubbles burst when people catch on, and
go wrong? Everything continues smoothly                                       there’s some evidence that people are
until, at some point, it doesn’t.                                             beginning to catch on. Student loan
   Yes, this sounds like the housing                                          demand, according to a recent report in
bubble, but I’m afraid it’s also sounding a                                   the Washington Post, is going soft, and
lot like a still-inflating higher education                                   students are expressing a willingness to
bubble. And despite (or because of) the                                       go to a cheaper school rather than run up
fact that my day job involves higher                                          debt. Things haven’t collapsed yet, but
education, I think it’s better for us to face                                 they’re looking shakier—kind of like the
up to what’s going on before the bubble                                       housing market looked in 2007.
bursts messily.                                                                  So what happens if the bubble col-
   College has gotten a lot more expen-                                       lapses? Will it be a tragedy, with millions
sive. A recent Money magazine report                                          of Americans losing their path to higher-
notes: “After adjusting for financial aid,                                    paying jobs?
the amount families pay for college has                                          Maybe not. College is often described
skyrocketed 439 percent since 1982. ...                                       as a path to prosperity, but is it? A col-
Normal supply and demand can’t begin to                                       lege education can help people make
explain cost increases of this magnitude.”                                    more money in three different ways.
   Consumers would balk, except for two things.                   First, it may actually make them more economically
   First—as with the housing bubble—cheap and                  productive by teaching them skills valued in the
readily available credit has let people borrow to              workplace: computer programming, nursing, or
finance education. They’re willing to do so because of         engineering, for example. (Religious and women’s
(1) consumer ignorance, as students (and, often, their         studies, not so much.)
parents) don’t fully grasp just how harsh the impact of           Second, it may provide a credential that employers
student loan payments will be after graduation; and            want, not because it represents actual skills, but
(2) a belief that, whatever the cost, a college educa-         because it’s a weeding tool that doesn’t produce civil-
tion is a necessary ticket to future prosperity.               rights suits as, say, IQ tests might. A four-year college
   Bubbles burst when there are no longer enough               degree, even if its holder acquired no actual skills, at
excessively optimistic and ignorant folks to fuel them.        least indicates some ability to show up on time and
And there are signs that this is beginning to happen           perform as instructed.
already.                                                          And, third, a college degree—at least an elite
   A New York Times profile on May 28 described                one—may hook its holder up with a useful social
Courtney Munna, a 26-year-old graduate of New York             network that can provide jobs and opportunities in the
University with nearly $100,000 in student loan debt—          future. (This is more true if it’s a degree from Yale
debt that her degree in Religious and Women’s                  than if it’s one from Eastern Kentucky, but it’s true
Studies did not equip her to repay. Payments on the            everywhere to some degree.)
debt are about $700 per month, equivalent to a                    While an individual might rationally pursue all
respectable house payment, and a major bite on her             three of these, only the first one—actual added
monthly income of $2,300 as a photographer’s assis-            skills—produces a net benefit for society. The other
tant earning an hourly wage.                                   two are just distributional—about who gets the good-
   And, unlike a bad mortgage on an underwater                 ies, not about making more of them.
house, Munna can’t simply walk away from her                      Yet today’s college education system seems to be in

the business of selling parts two and three to a much
greater degree than part one, along with selling the even-         Your Tax Dollars at Work
harder-to-quantify “college experience,” which as often as            It’s a good thing Oklahoma politicians enacted
not boils down to four (or more) years of partying.                more than $300 million in “revenue enhance-
   Post-bubble, perhaps students—and employers, not to             ments” this year, because it would have been a
mention parents and lenders—will focus instead on                  pity to see this position go unfilled.
education that fosters economic value. And that is likely to          According to an ad posted last month on
press colleges to focus more on providing useful majors.           HigherEdJobs.com, “Gender and Women’s
(That doesn’t necessarily rule out traditional liberal-arts        Studies at Oklahoma State University invites
majors, so long as they are rigorous and require a real            applications for a visiting fellow finishing her or
general education, rather than trendy and easy subjects,           his dissertation in gender studies for the aca-
but the key word here is “rigorous.”)                              demic year 2010-11. ... The fellow will teach 2
   My question is whether traditional academic institu-            core courses (Feminist Theories and Introduc-
tions will be able to keep up with the times, or whether—          tion to Gender Studies) and 2 topics classes in
as Anya Kamenetz suggests in her new book, “DIY U”—                the candidate’s area of expertise. ... Gender and
the real pioneering will be in online education and the            Women’s Studies at Oklahoma State University
                                                                   is a small program devoted to expanding
work of “edupunks” who are more interested in finding
                                                                   horizons for women, LGBTQ [Lesbian, Gay,
new ways of teaching and learning than in protecting
                                                                   Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning]
existing interests.
                                                                   individuals, and people of color in Oklahoma
   I’m betting on the latter. Industries seldom reform             and has an interdisciplinary curriculum.”
themselves, and real competition usually comes from the               But lest you fear there’s any moral confusion
outside. Keep your eyes open—and, if you’re planning on            at our institutions of higher learning, rest as-
applying to college, watch out for those student loans. %          sured that “OSU-Stillwater is a tobacco-free
   Glenn Harlan Reynolds is a professor of law at the University   campus.”
of Tennessee. He blogs at Instapundit.com. This article origi-                                                  —Editor
nally appeared June 6 in the Washington Examiner.

Married Fathers: America’s Greatest Weapon Against
Child Poverty
By Robert Rector

T   he mainstream media, liberal politicians, activists,
    and academia bewail child poverty in the U.S. But
in these ritual lamentations, one key fact remains
                                                                   less. Single parents now comprise 70 percent of all
                                                                   poor families with children. Last year, government
                                                                   provided over $300 billion in means-tested welfare
hidden: The principal cause of child poverty in the                aid to single parents.
U.S. is the absence of married fathers in the home.                   The positive effects of married fathers are not
   According to the U.S Census, the poverty rate in                limited to income alone. Children raised by married
2008 for single parents with children was 35.6 percent.            parents have substantially better life outcomes
The rate for married couples with children was 6.4                 compared to similar children raised in single-parent
percent. Being raised in a married family reduces a                homes. When compared to children in intact married
child’s probability of living in poverty by about 80               homes, children raised by single parents are more
percent.                                                           likely to have emotional and behavioral problems; be
   True, some of this difference in poverty is due to the          physically abused; smoke, drink, and use drugs; be
fact that single parents tend to have less education               aggressive; engage in violent, delinquent, and crimi-
than married couples. But even when married couples                nal behavior; have poor school performance; be
are compared to single parents with the same educa-                expelled from school; and drop out of high school.
tion level, the married poverty rate will still be about           Many of these negative outcomes are associated with
70 percent lower.                                                  the higher poverty rates of single mothers. But, in
   Marriage is a powerful weapon in fighting poverty.              many cases, the improvements in child well-being
In fact, being married has the same effect in reducing             associated with marriage persist even after adjusting
poverty as adding five to six years to a parent’s                  for differences in family income. This indicates that the
education level.                                                   father brings more to his home than just a paycheck.
   Unfortunately, marriage is rapidly declining in                    Despite the politically correct gag rule, marriage
American society. When President Lyndon Johnson                    remains America’s strongest anti-poverty weapon. To
launched the War on Poverty in 1963, 93 percent of                 reduce poverty in America, policy makers should
American children were born to married parents.                    enact policies that encourage people to form and
Today the number has dropped to 59 percent.                        maintain healthy marriage and delay childbearing
   The U.S. is steadily separating into a two-caste                until they are married and economically stable.
system, with marriage and education as the dividing                Marriage is highly beneficial to children, adults, and
line. In the high-income third of the population,                  society. It needs to be encouraged and strengthened,
children are raised by married parents with a college              not ignored and undermined. %
education; in the bottom-income third, children are                  Robert Rector (M.A., Johns Hopkins University) is a senior
raised by single parents with a high school degree or              research fellow at The Heritage Foundation.

 Toward a Pro-Family Tax Policy
 By Brandon Dutcher
    In an important article in the current issue of The            margin of error of plus or minus 3.1 percentage points.
 Family in America (“A Capital Catastrophe: Why a Little-          The surveyor asked this question:
 Noticed Crisis Portends Economic Disaster”), Bryce J.               “Now thinking about early-childhood policy in Okla-
 Christensen highlights “the irreplaceable role of the             homa, assuming the state government had a limited
 intact family in fostering social capital formation” and          amount of money, which of the following do you believe
 argues that lawmakers could boost long-term economic              should take precedence?”
 prosperity if they would stop favoring tax-subsidized             • Increasing daycare subsidies for families when
 fractured families at the expense of heavily taxed intact           professional childcare is used for their young
 families.                                                           child(ren) ................................................... 25 percent
    Dr. Christensen is correct. And, as is usually the case        • Redirecting a portion of the daycare subsidies toward
 in Oklahoma, good policy also happens to be good                    a tax break for families in which one parent stays
 politics. A scientific telephone survey of 1,000 likely             home with young child(ren) ....................... 61 percent
 voters registered in Oklahoma was conducted February              • Don’t Know/Refused ................................. 14 percent
 25 through March 8, 2010 by SoonerPoll, the same firm               It’s time for the Oklahoma Department of Human
 that conducts the “Oklahoma Poll” for the Tulsa World.            Services budget to get a little smaller, and for your
 The poll, which was commissioned by OCPA, has a                   family budget to get a little bigger. %

Reclaiming America’s Legacy of Freedom
By Brett A. Magbee

T   he Hardeman Auditorium at Oklahoma Christian
    University started filling at 5:30 on each of those
five Monday evenings during OCPA’s Spring Lecture
                                                                    attendance: “Absolutely brilliant” … “I never knew a
                                                                    lot of that history before” … “I’m so glad I came” …
                                                                    “I’m bringing some people with me next time.” After-
Series. A few minutes before 6:00, the pace became                  wards, people picked up OCPA materials, ordered Dr.
frenzied as people scurried to get a seat before Dr. J.             Fears’ lecture series on DVD, and just stayed to visit.
Rufus Fears began his talks about America’s                         The excitement at the literature table reflected the
founders, the Constitution, and the ideas which                     contagious nature of historical knowledge presented
formed our Republic.                                                          in a compelling and thought-provoking way.
   Little wonder. He is the David Ross                                           Something wonderful is at work in the
Boyd Professor of Classics at the Univer-                                     hearts of Americans—an awakening of sorts
sity of Oklahoma, where he holds the                                          to the need for eternal vigilance to preserve
G.T. and Libby Blankenship Chair in the History of                  our Republic. For 17 years, OCPA has been on the
Liberty. He is also the Dr. David and Ann Brown                     front lines of the battle. We have fought the good fight
Distinguished Fellow for Freedom Enhancement at                     because we know we are blessed with a legacy of
OCPA. Dr. Fears has a tremendously loyal and dedi-                  freedom. That’s why we are busy forming four new
cated fan base, not only in Oklahoma but across the                 “freedom centers” at OCPA, because freedom is worth
country.                                                            defending.
   The positive response was unanimous from those in                   Won’t you join us by supporting our work today? %
                                 Dr. J. Rufus Fears
                                 asks a question of a
                                 member of the
                                 audience during
                                 OCPA’s Spring
                                 Lecture Series on
                                 “The Founders’
                                 Legacy of Freedom.”
                                         Questions always
                                      followed each of Dr.
                                       Fears’ lectures. His
                                          answers to wide-
                                  ranging questions were
                                        as insightful as his
                                   lectures, causing most
                                  to stay to hear what Dr.
                                    Fears would say next.
                                                                       OCPA’s Chelsea
                                                                       Barnett assists the
                                                                       attendees who
                                                                       wanted OCPA
                                                                       literature, pocket
                                                                       Constitutions, and
                                                                       order forms for DVDs
                                                                       of the lecture series.

                                                                             OCPA president
                                                                          Michael Carnuccio
                                                                        welcomes attendees
                                                                        to the lecture series,
                                                                                giving special
                                                                                recognition to
                                                                         Oklahoma Christian
                                                                                 University for
                                                                        providing the facility.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      NONPROFIT ORG.
                                                                                                                                                                                                       U.S. POSTAGE
                                                                                                     Change Service Requested                                                                               PAID
                                                                                                                                                                                                       OKLA. CITY, OK
                                                                                                                                                                                                      PERMIT NO. 2573

                  Oklahoma Council
                  of Public Affairs
                 1401 N. Lincoln Blvd.
               Oklahoma City, OK 73104

Perspective is published monthly by the Oklahoma Council of Public Affairs, Inc. No substantial part of the activities of OCPA includes attempting to influence
legislation, and OCPA does not participate in, or intervene in (including the publishing or distributing of statements), any political campaign on behalf of (or in
opposition to) any candidate for public office.

                                                          Q         U         O          T        E             U         N         Q          U         O            T     E

“Never take a dollar from a                                                   “I think it was David Brooks who                                                            “[State Sen. Jim] Wilson (D-
free citizen through the coercion                                             once remarked that all college towns                                                        Tahlequah) said too many teachers
of taxation without a very                                                    are the same place. He was thinking                                                         in the state’s education system do it
legitimate purpose. We have                                                   of the identical feeling that one gets                                                      simply to make a living, not neces-
a solemn duty to spend that                                                   in places from Berkeley, California,                                                        sarily because they are passionate
dollar as carefully as possible,                                              to Madison, Wisconsin—the similar                                                           about educating young people.”
because when we took it we                                                    coffee shops, the carbon-copy                                                                Tahlequah Daily Press reporter Josh Newton,
                                                                                                                                                                                                 in a June 7 news story
diminished that person’s                                                      bookstores, the indistinguishable
freedom.”                                                                     attitude of smug correctness. But it                                                        “I think it’s pathetic that somebody’s
                  Gov. Mitch Daniels (R-Indiana)                              extends far beyond that. The identity                                                       on the airwaves in this country
                                                                              of American universities reaches                                                            that’s allowed to say this kind of
“This is a good time to be a little                                           deep into their psyches—where all                                                           garbage.”
less constrained in your think-                                               of them want to be Berkeley and                                                                        MSNBC host Ed Schultz, criticizing
ing. … Think big and bold.”                                                   Madison, and all of them are                                                                       the “dangerous” Glenn Beck for being
     Former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush, offering                                                                                                                                        “a huge supporter of homeschooling
    advice to Republican candidates. Gov.
                                                                              ashamed of being elsewhere.”                                                                                and private-school vouchers”
        Bush predicts that after the election                                                                                          Joseph Bottum
          “you’re going to see the emerging                                                                                                                               “Don’t taze my granny!”
       Cantor-Ryan wing of the Republican                                     [If trends continue], “in two years                                                               Lonnie Tinsley of El Reno, Oklahoma,
         party—the policy activists—in their                                  what you know as public education                                                                  who had called 911 when he became
    ascendency. … And you’ll have activist                                    you will not recognize. It will be                                                             concerned his grandmother, Lona Varner,
    conservative governors. In 2011, I think                                                                                                                                     hadn’t taken her medications. The El
       you’re going to see all sorts of efforts                               charter schools or private schools all                                                              Reno Police Department dispatched
      to act on the belief in entrepreneurial                                 publicly funded.”                                                                                    officers to Varner’s apartment and,
       capitalism and limited government.”                                         State Sen. Richard Lerblance (D-Hartshorne)                                                           alas, tazed the octogenarian.

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