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Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 By Gabe Lupin Per. 3 What does the act entail? The Act was drafted on August 3, 1977, and amended 1978-1982, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1990 and 1992. This Act establishes a program for regulating surface coal mining and reclamation activities. It establishes mandatory uniform standards for these activities on state and federal lands, including a requirement that adverse impacts on fish, wildlife and related environmental values be minimized. The Act creates an Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund for use in reclaiming and restoring land and water resources adversely affected by coal mining practices. What is the purpose? The purposes of the Act was to establish a nationwide program to protect society and the environment from the adverse effects of surface coal mining operations. Assure that surface mining operations are not conducted where reclamation is not feasible and are conducted so as to protect the environment. Strike a balance between protection of the environment and agricultural productivity and the nation's need for coal as an essential source of energy. Assist the states in developing and implementing a program to achieve the purposes of the Act which is to promote the reclamation of mined areas left without adequate reclamation prior to August 3, 1977. The Act established the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement in the Department of the Interior.
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