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6b met police by P2UCs4

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									SCD5
Child Abuse Investigation Command

DI Sue Inwood


    The past, the present and beyond
    Why we do the CRAM and the QA Process




                                 Child Abuse Investigation Command
Child Abuse Investigation Command – SCD5
          History & Background

• SCD5 mission to make children safer in London
• Established post Victoria Climbie 2000
• Largest dedicated police child abuse/protection
  command in world @ 450 detectives/200 police staff
• Serves Pan London 32 LSCB’s (some wider remit)
• Modernisation program post Baby Peter, 2008-10



                                      Child Abuse Investigation Command
    SCD5 Issues/Challenges/Role
•   Multi-agency working
•   Complex arena child abuse investigation
•   Child Protection/Safeguarding issues
•   Very High Organisational Risk
•   Critical decisions at low levels
•   High profile criminal justice cases
•   Intense media interest
•   Political issues

                                 Child Abuse Investigation Command
    Police Areas for Improvement – AFI’s

•   Recording - data standards – IT systems
•   Information exchange (updating & challenging)
•   Supervision (quality, consistency, timeliness)
•   Identifying critical risk in high volume (how?)
•   Risk assessment (control measures)
•   Focus on high risk
•   Escalation and challenge
•   Resilience/capacity/skills/training


                                       Child Abuse Investigation Command
                            “RISK”
• "Once risk has been assessed, the more
  substantial task is to manage it, to think of how
  to intervene to reduce it"
                        Munroe, E Effective Child Protection 2008



• "The absence of a clear focus on the source of
  risk to children is important because in such
  situations child protection registration or any
  form of supervision is unlikely to be effective."
  Humphreys & Stanley, DV & CP, Directions for Good Practice.




                                                      Child Abuse Investigation Command
Reducing risk & repeat victims
                                                   0.08% were repeat victims
                                                   5 times or more (in 12months)



    No of Repeat Victims
                                                   1.34% were repeat victims
                                                   3 times or more (in 12months)

                                                    9.17% were repeat victims




                           Initial Crime Reports



                                                       Child Abuse Investigation Command
   CHILD RISK ASSESSMENT MATRIX
               (CRAM)
• A comprehensive process underpinning key
  activities supporting core Child Abuse
  Investigation Team (CAIT) responsibilities.

• Based upon proactive use of intelligence to
  identify risk and support decisions.

• The CRAM applies to the 3 core CAIT activity
  areas:
        Referrals - Investigation - Protection.


                                         Child Abuse Investigation Command
  CHILD RISK ASSESSMENT MATRIX (CRAM)

• Using intelligence research to support decision
  making rationale;
• Completing & updating risk assessments with
  case specific control measures that are regularly
  reviewed by a supervisor;
• Focus on identifying repeat victims of crime and
  those at critical risk within high volume referrals;
• The timely exchange of information with relevant
  partners;
• The use of consistent & authoritative supervision
  to support case officers
                                       Child Abuse Investigation Command
          CRAM - 6 core elements
1.   Intelligence
2.   Risk factors
3.   Risk assessment
4.   Supervision
5.   Recording
6.   Communication



                             Child Abuse Investigation Command
                 SCD5 Risk Principles
• Risk Factors can be grouped
• Number of factors present can compound risk
• Repeat victimisation leads to higher risk
• Recognise critical risk in high volume
• Simple recording system to assist recognition of risk
• Dialogue with others to enhance assessment.
• Control Measures R.A.R.A Reduce/Avoid/Remove/Accept - Risk
• Appropriate (early) intervention in cases of chronic
  abuse/neglect to protect
                                                Child Abuse Investigation Command
       Control Measures (RARA)
R   Reduce risk
A   Avoid risk
R   Remove risk
A   Accept risk

Risk assessment is an ongoing process
Measures must be SMART
Record Rationale.


                                  Child Abuse Investigation Command
Tracey Connelly
•   History of Drug/Alcohol
    abuse
•   In & out of care
•   Socially inadequate
•   Special Needs Education
•   Previous victim of abuse
•   Met ex-husband at 15yrs



                               Child Abuse Investigation Command
Stephen Barker
• Semi-literate
• Allegedly abused as a
  child
• Mental Health issues
• Special Needs
  Education
• Animal Cruelty
• Relationship issues
                          Child Abuse Investigation Command
Jason Owen
 • Previous convictions
 • Drug abuse
 • Troubled youth
 • Suspected Paedophile
 • Name changes
 • 15 year old girlfriend



                            Child Abuse Investigation Command
    Risk Factors: (Victim, Suspect, Household)
    A structure for intelligence research for the 3 CAIT activity areas: Referral,
    Investigation and Protection.
•   Based on learning from SCR’s, MARAC, Intel Analysis, SUDI’s etc
•   Risk Assessment reviewed/updated on new & current Information




                                                             Child Abuse Investigation Command
           Quality Assurance Process
• Set terms of reference
• Remote data monitoring
• Site visit and structured interviews with staff
• Report of visit compiled
• Passed to SMT lead and CAIT DI
• Action plan set and agreed, reviewed after 3 months
• Partnership team visits
• Bi-monthly DI meetings


                                         Child Abuse Investigation Command
Any Questions
07920822903



          Child Abuse Investigation Command

								
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