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Child Abuse Investigation Command

DI Sue Inwood

    The past, the present and beyond
    Why we do the CRAM and the QA Process

                                 Child Abuse Investigation Command
Child Abuse Investigation Command – SCD5
          History & Background

• SCD5 mission to make children safer in London
• Established post Victoria Climbie 2000
• Largest dedicated police child abuse/protection
  command in world @ 450 detectives/200 police staff
• Serves Pan London 32 LSCB’s (some wider remit)
• Modernisation program post Baby Peter, 2008-10

                                      Child Abuse Investigation Command
    SCD5 Issues/Challenges/Role
•   Multi-agency working
•   Complex arena child abuse investigation
•   Child Protection/Safeguarding issues
•   Very High Organisational Risk
•   Critical decisions at low levels
•   High profile criminal justice cases
•   Intense media interest
•   Political issues

                                 Child Abuse Investigation Command
    Police Areas for Improvement – AFI’s

•   Recording - data standards – IT systems
•   Information exchange (updating & challenging)
•   Supervision (quality, consistency, timeliness)
•   Identifying critical risk in high volume (how?)
•   Risk assessment (control measures)
•   Focus on high risk
•   Escalation and challenge
•   Resilience/capacity/skills/training

                                       Child Abuse Investigation Command
• "Once risk has been assessed, the more
  substantial task is to manage it, to think of how
  to intervene to reduce it"
                        Munroe, E Effective Child Protection 2008

• "The absence of a clear focus on the source of
  risk to children is important because in such
  situations child protection registration or any
  form of supervision is unlikely to be effective."
  Humphreys & Stanley, DV & CP, Directions for Good Practice.

                                                      Child Abuse Investigation Command
Reducing risk & repeat victims
                                                   0.08% were repeat victims
                                                   5 times or more (in 12months)

    No of Repeat Victims
                                                   1.34% were repeat victims
                                                   3 times or more (in 12months)

                                                    9.17% were repeat victims

                           Initial Crime Reports

                                                       Child Abuse Investigation Command
• A comprehensive process underpinning key
  activities supporting core Child Abuse
  Investigation Team (CAIT) responsibilities.

• Based upon proactive use of intelligence to
  identify risk and support decisions.

• The CRAM applies to the 3 core CAIT activity
        Referrals - Investigation - Protection.

                                         Child Abuse Investigation Command

• Using intelligence research to support decision
  making rationale;
• Completing & updating risk assessments with
  case specific control measures that are regularly
  reviewed by a supervisor;
• Focus on identifying repeat victims of crime and
  those at critical risk within high volume referrals;
• The timely exchange of information with relevant
• The use of consistent & authoritative supervision
  to support case officers
                                       Child Abuse Investigation Command
          CRAM - 6 core elements
1.   Intelligence
2.   Risk factors
3.   Risk assessment
4.   Supervision
5.   Recording
6.   Communication

                             Child Abuse Investigation Command
                 SCD5 Risk Principles
• Risk Factors can be grouped
• Number of factors present can compound risk
• Repeat victimisation leads to higher risk
• Recognise critical risk in high volume
• Simple recording system to assist recognition of risk
• Dialogue with others to enhance assessment.
• Control Measures R.A.R.A Reduce/Avoid/Remove/Accept - Risk
• Appropriate (early) intervention in cases of chronic
  abuse/neglect to protect
                                                Child Abuse Investigation Command
       Control Measures (RARA)
R   Reduce risk
A   Avoid risk
R   Remove risk
A   Accept risk

Risk assessment is an ongoing process
Measures must be SMART
Record Rationale.

                                  Child Abuse Investigation Command
Tracey Connelly
•   History of Drug/Alcohol
•   In & out of care
•   Socially inadequate
•   Special Needs Education
•   Previous victim of abuse
•   Met ex-husband at 15yrs

                               Child Abuse Investigation Command
Stephen Barker
• Semi-literate
• Allegedly abused as a
• Mental Health issues
• Special Needs
• Animal Cruelty
• Relationship issues
                          Child Abuse Investigation Command
Jason Owen
 • Previous convictions
 • Drug abuse
 • Troubled youth
 • Suspected Paedophile
 • Name changes
 • 15 year old girlfriend

                            Child Abuse Investigation Command
    Risk Factors: (Victim, Suspect, Household)
    A structure for intelligence research for the 3 CAIT activity areas: Referral,
    Investigation and Protection.
•   Based on learning from SCR’s, MARAC, Intel Analysis, SUDI’s etc
•   Risk Assessment reviewed/updated on new & current Information

                                                             Child Abuse Investigation Command
           Quality Assurance Process
• Set terms of reference
• Remote data monitoring
• Site visit and structured interviews with staff
• Report of visit compiled
• Passed to SMT lead and CAIT DI
• Action plan set and agreed, reviewed after 3 months
• Partnership team visits
• Bi-monthly DI meetings

                                         Child Abuse Investigation Command
Any Questions

          Child Abuse Investigation Command

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