Speaking in Small Groups by 1aWl7i9n

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									Speaking in
Small Groups


Chapter 20


               1
Small Group Speaking

   Speaking to give a
    presentation to a small
    collection of individuals or
   Speaking as part of a small
    group of people


                                   2
Small Group

   Three to fifteen people
   Who must work together

   To achieve a common goal

   Who have the ability to
    influence one another


                               3
Roles

     The positions group
      members must fill for the
      group to accomplish its
      goals




                                  4
Ways to Become a
Group Leader
   Volunteer
   Be elected

   Be appointed

   Emerge




                   5
Leadership Behaviors

     Involve making sense of
      information & problem
      solving




                                6
Problems to Overcome

   Cognitive Constraints
   Affiliative Constraints

   Egocentric Constraints




                              7
Tips for Being an
Effective Leader
   Ask questions
   Summarize the discussion
    at key times
   Involve everyone in
    discussions
   Keep the group on task

                               8
Types of Group Roles

   Group task roles
   Group building &
    maintenance roles
   Egocentric roles




                        9
Group Task Roles

     Positions that help the
      group achieve its task




                                10
Group Building &
Maintenance Roles
   Help strengthen, organize,
    and keep the group
    focused & moving forward
   Help group members get
    along better & overcome
    affiliative constraints

                                 11
Egocentric Roles

     Place the needs of an
      individual member above
      the group & are
      destructive to the group




                                 12
Tips for Being an Effective
Group Participant
   Always consider the goals
    of the group
   Consider your nonverbal
    communication signals
   Avoid interpersonal
    conflict

                                13
Reflective Thinking
Method
     A five-step method for
      structuring a problem-
      solving discussion


       Check Web Link 20.2:
       The Philosophy of John Dewey at the
       Invitation to Public Speaking website.
                                          14
Reflective Thinking
Method
   Identify the problem
   Analyze the problem

   Suggest possible solutions

   Consider the implications
    of the solutions
   Reach a decision about the
    best solution            15
Brainstorming

     The process of generating
      ideas randomly &
      uncritically, without
      attention to logic,
      connections or relevance
                            (ch. 4)

                                  16
Groupthink

     When the group conforms
      to a single frame of mind &
      chooses a solution without
      fully & objectively
      examining other possible
      solutions

                                17
Oral Reports

   Individual speech that
    presents group’s findings,
    conclusions or proposals
   To other members of the
    group or to a larger
    audience

                                 18
Panel Discussion

   Structured discussion,
    facilitated by a moderator,
    among group members
   In front of an audience




                                  19
Symposium

     Public discussion, several
      people each give speeches
      on different aspects of
      same topic




                                   20
Team Presentation

   Several members of group,
   Each person presenting
    different speech on single
    topic



                             21
Tips for Giving Effective
Group Presentations
 Consider the group’s purpose
 Use appropriate delivery style
  & skills
 Organize your presentation

 Use effective visual aids as
  needed
                               22

								
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