Prison Service Instruction - religious festival dates - 66-2011 by z824d6

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									                                       UNCLASSIFIED




                             RELIGIOUS FESTIVAL DATES FOR 2012
This instruction applies to :-                          Reference :-

Prisons                                                 PSI 66/2011

Issue Date                    Effective Date            Expiry Date
                              Implementation Date

26 October 2011               1 January 2012            1 January 2013
Issued on the authority of         NOMS Agency Board
For action by                       Governing Governors, Directors and Controllers of contracted
                                    prisons, Chaplaincy teams, Security Managers, Catering
                                    Managers, Diversity Officers
For information                    All prison staff. Faith Advisers. IMB
Contact                            Kishwar Ahmed
                                   Chaplaincy Headquarters
                                   0300 047 5178
Associated documents               Information on the practice of religion in prisons
                                   is contained in PSO 4550 Religion, (shortly to be replaced by
                                   PSI 51/2011); information on religious diets and catering
                                   arrangements for religious festivals is contained in the
                                   Catering Operating Manual at Annex B of PSI 44/2010.
Replaces the following documents which are hereby cancelled :-
PSI 56/2010 (not until January 2012)

Audit/monitoring :

Self audit
Introduces amendments to the following documents. - None




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CONTENTS


Section                   Subject                                          Applies to
Executive Summary         General Information/food at festivals            All prison staff
Annex A                   Bahá’í Religious Festival Dates                  Bahai prisoners
Annex B                   Buddhist Religious Festival Dates                Buddhist prisoners
Annex C                   Christian Religious Festival Dates               Christian prisoners
Annex D                   Hindu Religious Festival Dates                   Hindu prisoners
Annex E                   Jain Religious Festival Dates                    Jain prisoners
Annex F                   Jewish Religious Festival Dates                  Jewish prisoners
Annex G                   Muslim Religious Festival Dates                  Muslim prisoners
Annex H                   Pagan Religious Festival Dates                   Pagan prisoners
Annex I                   Sikh Religious Festival Dates                    Sikh prisoners
Annex J                   Zoroastrian Festival Dates                       Zoroastrian prisoners
Annex K                   Chronological summary of all dates               All prison staff


1.     Executive summary

       The Prison Service is committed to ensuring that prisoners from all religious faiths are given
       the opportunity and facilities to practise their religion. This instruction provides information
       to ensure staff are aware of the key religious dates, and their requirements, for the main
       faiths. Some of these festivals require prisoners to be excused from work or to fast.
       Details are provided in the attached annexes.

Background

1.1    This Instruction sets out the dates in 2012 of the main religious festivals for the Buddhist,
       Christian, Hindu, Jewish, Muslim, Sikh and Pagan faiths. In addition this year, we have
       included the dates for Bahai, Jain and Zoroastrian festivals.

       It also sets out the principles for providing food at religious festivals.

Desired outcomes

1.2   This instruction aims to ensure that prisons have the necessary information to enable
      religious festivals to be marked in an appropriate and equitable way.

Application

1.3     Arrangements for provision for food for religious festivals for 2012 should be discussed at
       the earliest opportunity by the Co-ordinating Chaplain(s), together with members of the
       Chaplaincy team, and other key stakeholders such as the Catering Manager and Security
       Department. Relevant faith chaplains can provide details of appropriate food; this should
       be prepared in-house except in the circumstances described in paragraphs 3.43 – 3.48 of
       the Catering Manual (see 1.4 below).

       As in 2011, a year planner setting out the main festivals listed in the PSI is being produced
       by Chaplaincy HQ. Copies will be sent to the Chaplaincy team at each prison. The
       planner for 2012 will include the religions previously covered. We hope that for 2013, the
       year planner will also include the dates for the Bahai, Jain and Zoroastrian faiths.

       If establishments require advice or information in relation to any faith tradition not
       mentioned in this instruction, please contact Chaplaincy HQ.

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Mandatory actions

1.4    Governing Governors and Directors of Contracted prisons must ensure that relevant staff,
       including Chaplains of all faith traditions, Race Equality Officers / Diversity Officers and
       Catering Managers, are aware of this Instruction.

Food for Religious Festivals

Information on this is set out in the Catering Manual at Annex B of PSI 44/2010, and the
relevant extract is below:

“3.43 The dates of the main religious festivals are set out annually in a PSI issued by
      Chaplaincy HQ.

3.44   Governors and Directors of contracted prisons, together with Co-ordinating
       Chaplains, must ensure equitable provision, as far as practicable, across the faiths
       in terms of food for religious festivals. Food for religious festivals should always be
       provided in consultation with the relevant Faith Chaplain and should be provided at
       a communal gathering.
3.45   Where food is provided at public expense for religious festivals, this must be
       prepared in the prison kitchens. It should only be necessary to purchase food from
       outside sources in the event of an operating failure of kitchen equipment or for
       Kosher prepared meals. The cost of food must be proportionate to the number of
       prisoners involved and consistent with the cost per prisoner incurred in other
       religious festivals for other faiths. If the prison believes there are other exceptional
       circumstances requiring the food for a religious festival to be purchased from
       outside the prison, this should only be done in consultation with Co-ordinating
       Chaplain(s), the relevant Faith Chaplain and other key stakeholders such as the
       Catering Manager and Security Department. Governors and Chaplains should seek
       further advice from the relevant Faith Adviser, Chaplaincy HQ and Regional
       Catering Manager if necessary. The final approval of the Regional Custodial
       Manager must be obtained.
3.46   Faith communities may offer to donate food for religious festivals, but this should
       normally be prepared in-house. Subject to the agreement of the Governor,
       donations of additional small items of food such as dates for Ramadan, sweets for
       Diwali, sweets/hot cross buns for Christmas/Easter may be allowed. Prasad (a
       blessed sweetmeat from the Gurdwara), which Sikh Chaplains are permitted to
       bring in for religious services, must also be allowed for festivals.
3.47   The Governor (food business proprietor) remains responsible for ensuring that all
       food served is fit for consumption and is not injurious to health. Exceptionally,
       therefore, if Governors wish to allow refreshments to be donated by faith groups, it
       is strongly advisable to limit these refreshments to items that have been purchased
       in sealed packaging and brought in unopened. Hot food and food requiring re-
       heating must not be brought in.
3.48   Governors and Chaplains should seek further advice from the relevant Faith
       Adviser, Chaplaincy HQ and Regional Catering Manager as necessary.”



Resource Impact

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   1.5    None. This Instruction is issued annually to notify prisons of dates for the year ahead




   (Approved by Tony Watson)




p.p. Digby Griffith
     Director of National Operational Services




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                                                                                      Annex A


BAHA’I FESTIVALS – 2012

BAHA’I PRISONERS SHOULD BE OFFERED THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE EXCUSED FROM
WORK ON A MAXIMUM OF FOUR OF THE DATES BELOW




                       21 March                   Naw-Rúz (Bahá’í New Year)

                        21 April                      First Day of Ridván

                        29 April                     Ninth Day of Ridván

                        2 May                       Twelfth Day of Ridván

                        23 May                      Declaration of the Báb

                        29 May                     Ascension of Bahá’u’lláh

                        9 July                      Martyrdom of the Báb

                      20 October                      Birthday of the Báb

                     12 November                    Birthday of Bahá’u’lláh




Further information may be obtained from:



       Pete Hulme
       Address:     Pastoral Care Sub-Committee
                    National Spiritual Assembly of the Baha’is of the UK
                    27 Rutland Gate
                    London SW7 1PD

       Tel:         0207 584 2566
       E-Mail:      peter.hulme@bahai.org.uk




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                                                                                      Annex B


BUDDHIST FESTIVALS - 2012

DATES ON WHICH BUDDHIST PRISONERS MUST BE EXCUSED FROM WORK

              4 June             Buddha Day

              2 August           Dhamma Day

              30 October         Sangha Day



N.B. Buddhism mostly follows a lunar calendar, therefore these dates will be different every year.

Buddhist prisoners must be allowed to be together for as much of the day as possible, with
vegetarian food provided for a shared meal, and if the Buddhist Chaplain is not available a
knowledgeable Buddhist prisoner may lead the observance. See also paragraphs 2.38 – 2.40 of
chapter 2 of PSO 4550, which provides instructions and guidance on corporate worship where the
relevant faith chaplain is not available.

Buddhism encompasses a range of Buddhist traditions and a spread of social and cultural
phenomena that all cluster around the example and teachings of the Buddha. Therefore at festival
times Buddhists may celebrate in a variety of ways. Nevertheless it is common that Buddhist
festivals will include Giving, Virtue and Cultivation. Giving usually involves food, symbolic offerings
on the Shrine as well as the giving and sharing of a meal. Virtue will mean more careful
observance of moral precepts and kind, tolerant and virtuous conduct. Cultivation will include
meditation, listening to a sermon or teachings, and perhaps discussion. Buddhist festivals,
expressive of loving-kindness and support in the Buddhist life and training, are also occasions
when friendships are made, renewed and strengthened. At festival time therefore, as well as
ceremonies and formal observance there should be a relaxed and social dimension.

Further Information

   Religious Consultative Service for Buddhist matters:

   Venerable Ajahn Khemadhammo (Chao Khun Bhavanavitesa), OBE
   The Buddhist Adviser to the Prison Service.

   Angulimala, the Buddhist Prison Chaplaincy Organisation,
   The Forest Hermitage
   Lower Fulbrook
   Warwickshire
   CV35 8AS

   Tel: 01926 624385
   Email: LpKhem@foresthermitage.org.uk or ajahn.khemadhammo@hmps.gsi.gov.uk




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                                                                                           Annex C
CHRISTIAN FESTIVALS – 2012

DATES ON WHICH CHRISTIAN PRISONERS MUST BE EXCUSED FROM WORK

                            6 April         Good Friday

                            8 April         Easter Day

                         25 December        Christmas Day



For some Orthodox prisoners only:

                          6 January         Christmas Eve
                                            (Theophany)
                          7 January         Christmas Day

                         27 February        First Day of Lent

                           15 April         Easter Day/Pascha



OTHER CHRISTIAN FESTIVAL DATES (not excused from work)

    Other Christian dates when Services may be                  In Addition Roman Catholic
    provided                                                    Holy Days of Obligation
         6 January        Epiphany                                          9 January

         2 February             Candlemas

         22 February            Ash Wednesday

              5 April           Maundy Thursday

              7 April           Holy Saturday

              13 April          Good Friday – Orthodox
                                prisoners
              17 May            Ascension Day                              20 May

              24th May          Ascension Day – Orthodox
                                prisoners
              27 May            Pentecost

              3 June            Pentecost – Orthodox
                                prisoners
              7 June            Corpus Christi                             10 June

              29 June           SS Peter and Paul                          29 June



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          15 August          Assumption of the Blessed
                             Virgin Mary
         1 November          All Saints

         2 November          All Souls



Holy Days of Obligation: are days on which Roman Catholics have to attend Mass; prisoners do
not have to be released from attending work, other than for the time of the Mass. Other Christian
prisoners may also attend chapel for services on these days.

Ash Wednesday and Good Friday

On 2 days each year, Ash Wednesday and Good Friday, many Christians will wish to fast and/or
abstain from eating meat (a vegetarian or fish dish would be required). For Roman Catholics, it is
a requirement on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday, to fast and abstain from eating meat (a
vegetarian or fish dish is required)

On all Fridays throughout the year Roman Catholics, and some other Christian denominations,
abstain from meat, so a vegetarian or fish dish is needed.

Orthodox Christians follow a vegan diet on all Wednesdays and Fridays and for the whole of Lent
and Advent and before the Feast of the Dormition (August 15th).


Further information

For further information on Christian festival dates, please contact

      Reverend Canon Mike Kavanagh, Anglican Advisor                 0300 047 5182,         e mail:
       Michael.kavanagh@noms.gsi.gov.uk

      Reverend Monsignor Malachy Keegan, Catholic Bishops’ Prisons Adviser 0207 901 4857,
       e mail:   Malachy.keeganprisonsadviser@cbcew.org.uk

      Reverend Bob Wilson, Free Church Adviser, 0207 529 8138, e mail:
       Bob.Wilson@cte.org.uk

      Reverend Philip Hall – Orthodox traditions, e mail: Philip.Hall2@hmps.gsi.gov.uk or
       FrPhilip@aol.com




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                                                                                          Annex D


HINDU FESTIVALS – 2012

DATES ON WHICH HINDU PRISONERS MUST BE EXCUSED FROM WORK

                       19 February          Maha Shivaratri
                                            (day of fasting)
                        1 August            Rakhee/
                                            Raksha Bandhan
                        9 August            Shri Krishna Janmashtami

                      19 September          Shri Ganesha Pooja

                        24 October          Vijayadashami – Navaratri ends

                      13 November           Diwali


OTHER HINDU FESTIVAL DATES (not excused from work)


                       14 January           Makara Sankramana

                          7 March           Holi

                        23 March            Yugadi/Gudi Parva

                        31 March            Shri Ram Navami

                          13 April          Baisakhi
                                            (celebrated in the Punjabi
                                            community)
                          3 July            Guru Poornima

                      30 September          Shraddha Paksha begins

                       16 October           Navaratri begins

                       22 October           Durgashtami




Further information

For further information on Hindu festival dates please contact the Religious Consultative Service
for the Hindu faith:

       Dr H V S Shastry


       E-mail: londonprabhu@yahoo.co.uk



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                                                                                          Annex E
JAIN FESTIVALS – 2012

DATES ON WHICH JAIN PRISONERS MUST BE EXCUSED FROM WORK


                     5 April        Mahavir Janma Kalyanak

                                    (The Lord Mahavira’s Birthday)
                  19 September      Samvatsary

                                    (This is the last day of Paryushan – see
                                    below) A day of fasting.
                  13 November       Lord Mahavir's Nirvan (Diwali)

                                    (A celebration of the attainment of moksha
                                    (enlightenment) by Mahavira. This is the last
                                    day of the year)

                  14 November       New Year

                                    (This day is celebrated by special prayers)


OTHER JAIN FESTIVAL DATES (not excused from work)
              12 – 19 September   Paryushan (A period of eight days of religious
                                  austerity/fasting and forgiveness)

                                  The degree of fasting and period of fasting
                                  depends on the individual, but is considered
                                  obligatory to fast on the last day of
                                  Paryushana. The fast may vary from giving up
                                  one or two specific foods or having restricted
                                  number of meals to a complete fast. Drinking
                                  water is to be boiled and then cooled. Jain
                                  inmates can observe Paryushana within the
                                  establishment routine.


       Further guidance may be obtained from:

       Manhar Mehta
       Chairman NCVA

       Address:     The National Council of Vanik Associations (UK) [NCVA]
                    37 Howberry Road,
                    Edgware
                    Middlesex HA8 6SS

       Tel:         Phone 020 8952 1165
       E-mail:      chairman@ncva.co.uk
       Website:     www.ncva.co.uk




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                                                                                              Annex F

JEWISH FESTIVALS - 2012

Sabbath

1.     The Jewish Sabbath extends from sunset on Friday to nightfall (i.e. one hour after sunset) on
       Saturday. Jewish prisoners should not be required to work from half an hour before sunset on
       Fridays.

DATES ON WHICH JEWISH PRISONERS MUST BE EXCUSED FROM WORK

2.     Jewish prisoners must be released from work on the days preceding the festivals by at
       least one hour before commencement.

3.     Catering arrangements for the special diet for the 8 days of Passover (6 April to 14 April
       inclusive) must begin after breakfast or not later than 10.40am on Friday 6 April.

4.     Most Jewish prisoners can work on the interim days of Passover (April 9- 12) and Tabernacles
       (Oct 3 – 7). They must however be able to eat special Passover food in the intervening days at
       Passover. Some Orthodox Jews may not be able to work on these intervening days (or may
       not be able to undertake certain sorts of work). Please consult your Jewish Chaplain, or the
       Jewish Faith Adviser, for further advice or if there are difficulties.


                Start                 Finish                         Festival

               6 April                8 April                   Passover (Pesach)
               sunset                 nightfall

               12 April               14 April                  Passover (Pesach)
               sunset                 nightfall

               25 May                 28 May                   Pentecost (Shavuot)
               sunset                 nightfall

               16 Sept                18 Sept              New Year (Rosh Hashanah)
               sunset                 nightfall

               25 Sept                26 Sept            Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)
               sunset                 nightfall                   (Day of fast))
               30 Sept                 2 Oct                  Tabernacles (Sukkot)
               sunset                 nightfall                (includes Sabbath)

                7 Oct                  9 Oct                   Rejoicing of the Law
               sunset                 nightfall                (includes Sabbath)




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OTHER JEWISH FESTIVALS (not excused from work)

                  5 Jan                  5 Jan                      Fast of Tevet
                  dawn                  nightfall
                  7 Feb                  8 Feb                New Year For Trees
                 nightfall              nightfall
                7 March                7 March                      Fast of Esther
                  dawn                  nightfall                    (minor fast)
                7 March                8 March                          Purim
                 nightfall              nightfall
                  8 July                 8 July                  Fast of Tammuz
                  dawn                  nightfall                  (minor fast)
                 28 July                29 July                     Fast of Av
                 sunset                 nightfall                  (major fast)
                 19 Sept                19 Sept                  Fast of Gedalia
                  dawn                  nightfall                  (minor fast)
                  8 Dec                 16 Dec                Festival of Dedication
                night fall              nightfall              (Lights/ Chanukah)
              23 December            23 December                  Fast of Tevet
                  dawn                  nightfall

Further information

5.     For further information about Jewish festival dates please contact the Religious
       Consultative Service for the Jewish faith:

       Reverend Michael Binstock
       Visitation Committee,
       United Synagogue
       305 Ballards Lane
       London N12 8GB
       E mail: Revbinstock@btinternet.com
       Tel: 0208 343 5669

       Visitation Committee Office – Suzanne Korn
       E mail: Suzanne@jvisit.org.uk
       Tel: 0208 343 5669




                                                                                            Annex G


MUSLIM FESTIVALS AND THE FAST OF RAMADHAN - 2012 (AD) 1433/1434.

DATES ON WHICH MUSLIM PRISONERS MUST BE EXCUSED FROM WORK (NOTE: Dates
are based on the Lunar Calendar and may vary by a day)

GREGORIAN DATE               FESTIVAL INFORMATION                       LUNAR MONTH (AH)
(CE)
04 February 2012                 Mawlid-Al-Nabi - The Prophet           12 Rabi-Al-Awaal 1433
                             Mohammad’s (pbuh) birthday celebration

                             (Holiday, festival food and communal

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                           programme for those Muslim prisoners
                           who wish to celebrate the Prophet's
                           (pbuh) birthday)

19 August 2012                  Eid-Al-Fitr (Festival marking the     1 Shawwal 1433
                                   completion of Ramadhan)

                           (Holiday, Muslim prisoners worship in
                           congregation led by a Chaplain – it is a
                           day of celebration, festival food and
                           prayer)

26 October 2012                                                       10 Dhul-Hijjah 1433
                           Eid-Al-Adha (Festival of Sacrifice)

                           (Holiday, Muslim prisoners worship in
                           congregation led by a Chaplain – it is a
                           day of celebration, festival food and
                           prayer)

24 November 2012                        Yaum Ashurah                  10th Muharram 1434

For 3 days, beginning      Important day for all Muslims but
from the day before this   especially for Shia Muslims.
(23rd to 25th November
inclusive), there is       Holiday for Shia Muslim prisoners who
recommended fasting -      wish to commemorate this
not compulsory.




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OTHER MUSLIM FESTIVAL DATES (not excused from work)

 20 March                       Nawruz - Persian & Kurdish             5th Rabiul Akhir 1433
                                Festival
                                (some Shi’a Muslims)
3 June                          Wiladat (birthday) Imam Ali (pbuh)     13 Rajab 1433
                                (especially for Shi’a Muslims)

16 June                               Laylat Al Israa Wal-Miraj        27 Rajab 1433
Night
                                Where possible Muslim prisoners
                                who wish to may be allowed to
                                worship collectively in the evening.

5 July                                   Laylat - Al -Baraat           15 Sha’ban 1433
Night
                                Where possible Muslim prisoners
                                who wish to may be allowed to
                                worship collectively in the evening,
                                some may fast.
20 July                                  Ramadhan begins               1 Ramadhan 1433
                                Month of Fasting

7 August                        Commemoration of Imam Ali (pbuh)       19 Ramadhan 1433
                                (Shi’a Muslims)

9 August                        Shahadat (martyrdom) of Imam Ali       21 Ramadhan 1433
                                (pbuh) (Shia Muslims)


15 August                                  Laylat Al-Qadr              27 Ramadhan 1433
Night

(Some Muslims may also          Where possible Muslim prisoners
observe the 9th, 11th , 13th,   who wish to may be allowed to
17th August nights)             worship collectively in the evening.

25 October                                 Yaum al Arafat              9 Dhul - Hijjah 1433

                                During Hajj (Pilgrimage)
                                No special requirements

15 November                            Islamic New Year 1434           1 Muharram 1434

                                (No special requirements)
15 – 24 November                10 days mourning for Shia Muslims      1st - 10th Muharram 1434

(pbuh – peace be upon him) (CE – Common Era) (AH – After Hijrah, Islamic year)




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THE MONTH OF RAMADHAN

1.        The date of the start of Ramadhan and the dates of all other festivals are subject to the
          (physical) sighting of the new moon and hence may be out by a day or so. The dates
          given are those when the moon is expected. This is to enable appropriate arrangements to
          be set in hand by governors and their staff. More locally accurate timetables are available
          from your Muslim Chaplain or the Muslim Adviser.

2         It should be noted that the fast of Ramadhan starts approximately 10 to 12 days earlier
          each year (in 2013 it will begin around 9th July).


Further information

     3.      Further information on Muslim festival dates, may be obtained from:

                  Ahtsham Ali, Muslim Adviser at Chaplaincy Headquarters on: 0300 047 5179,
                 e mail Ahtsham.Ali@noms.gsi.gov.uk




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                                                                                    Annex H


PAGAN FESTIVALS - 2012

Most Pagans celebrate the 8 festivals set out below, but depending on the particular tradition
would attach particular significance to certain days. Because of variations in emphasis between
different Pagan Traditions it has been agreed with the Pagan Federation that prisoners may
choose four festivals on which they should not be required to work. All others may be observed
within normal routines.

The date of the solstices and equinoxes may vary by a day or two each year

PAGAN PRISONERS MAY CHOOSE FOUR DATES FROM THE FOLLOWING FESTIVALS
WHERE THEY MUST BE EXCUSED FROM WORK


                        1 February                           Imbolc

                         20 March                        Spring Equinox

                           1 May                             Beltane

                          20 June                 Midsummer-Summer Solstice

                         1 August                    Lammas or Lughnasadh

                       22 September                      Autumn Equinox

                        31 October                          Samhain

                       21 December                    Yule – Winter Solstice



Further Information:


   The Pagan Federation
   Jo Matthews
   PO Box 1318
   Bagshot
   GU19 5YN

   E-mail: pfprisonministry@gmail.com




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                                                                                            Annex I

SIKH FESTIVALS - 2012


DATES WHEN SIKH PRISONERS MUST BE EXCUSED FROM WORK

                      5 January                 The birthday of Guru Gobind Singh

                       14 April                         Baisakhi/ Vaisakhi

                      16 June                      Martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev

                   13 November                          Bandi Chor (Diwali)

                   24 November                Commemoration of Guru Teg Bahadur

                   28 November                      The birthday of Guru Nanak


OTHER SIKH FESTIVAL DATES (not excused from work)

                    1 September                    First reading of Guru Granth

                    20 October                 Formal installation of Guru Granth as
                                                        guidance for Sikhs

Further information

For further information on Sikh festival dates, please contact the Sikh Chaplaincy Service, the
Religious Consultative Service for the Sikh faith.

For contact details of the Sikh Chaplaincy Service Area Managers, please see the annex to
Chapter 3 of PSO 4550.




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                                                                                       Annex J


ZOROASTRIAN FESTIVALS - 2012

DATES WHEN ZOROASTRIAN PRISONERS MUST BE EXCUSED FROM WORK

                  20 March                         Jamsheedi NoRuz

                                            (Iranian Zoroastrian New Year)
                  25 March                            Khordad Sal

                                      (Birth anniversary of prophet Zarathushtra as
                                           per the Iranian Zoroastrian calendar)
                  18 August                          Shenshai Navroze

                                            (Parsee Zoroastrian New Year)
                  23 August                          Khordad Sal

                                     (Birth anniversary of prophet Zarathushtra as
                                     per the Parsee Shenshai calendar)



Further information may be obtained from:


       Dorab Mistry
       Secretary
       Address:     Zoroastrian Trust Funds of Europe
                    Zoroastrian Centre
                    440 Alexandra Avenue, Harrow, Middlesex HA2 9TL
       Tel:         0208 866 0765
       E-mail:      secretary@ztfe.com
       Website:     www.ztfe.com




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                                                                                  Annex K

CHRONOLOGICAL SUMMARY RELIGIOUS FESTIVALS – 2012

Bold - Dates Prisoners must be excused from work


January

5 January - The birthday of Guru Gobind Singh, Sikh
5 January - Fast of Tevet, Jewish
6 January - Christmas Eve, for some Orthodox prisoners only
6 January - Epiphany, Christian
7 January - Christmas Day, for some Orthodox prisoners only
9 January - Epiphany (Roman Catholic Holy Day of Obligation)
14 January - Makara Sankramana, Hindu

February

1 February - Imbolc, Pagan
2 February - Candlemas, Christian
4 February - Mawlid Al Nabi, Muslim
7 – 8 February - New Year for Trees, Jewish
19 February - Maha Shivaratri, Hindu
22 February - Ash Wednesday, Christian
27 February - First Day of Lent, for some Orthodox prisoners only

March

7 March - Fast of Esther, Jewish
7 March - Holi, Hindu
8 March - Purim, Jewish
20 March - Spring Equinox, Pagan
20 March - Nawrooz – Persian & Kurdish festival, Shi’a Muslim
20 March - Jamsheedi NoRuz (Iranian Zoroastrian New Year), Zoroastrian
21 March - Naw-Rúz (Bahá’í New Year), Bahá’í
23 March - Yugadi/Gudi Parva, Hindu
25 March - Khordad Sal (Birth anniversary of prophet Zarathushtra), Zoroastrian
31 March - Shri Ram Navami, Hindu

April

5 April - Mahavir Janma Kalyanak, Jain
5 April - Maundy Thursday, Christian
6 April - Good Friday, Christian
6 - 8 April - Passover (Pesach), Jewish
7 April - Holy Saturday, Christian
8 April - Easter Day, Christian
12 - 14 April - Passover (Pesach), Jewish
13 April – Good Friday, for some Orthodox prisoners only
13 April - Baisakhi, Hindu
14 April - Baisakhi/ Vaisakhi, Sikh
15 April - Easter Day / Pascha, for some Orthodox prisoners only
21 April - First Day of Ridván, Bahá’í
29 April - Ninth Day of Ridván, Bahá’í

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May

1 May - Beltane, Pagan
2 May - Twelfth Day of Ridván, Bahá’í
17 May -Ascension Day, Christian
20 May - Ascension Day, (Roman Catholic Holy Day of Obligation)
23 May - Declaration of the Báb, Bahá’í
24 May - Ascension Day, for some Orthodox prisoners only
25 - 28 May - Pentecost (Shavuot), Jewish
27 May - Pentecost, Christian
29 May - Ascension of Bahá’u’lláh, Bahá’í

June

3 June – Pentecost, for some Orthodox prisoners only
3 June - Birthday Imam Ali, Shi’a Muslims
4 June - Buddha Day, Buddhist
7 June - Corpus Christi, Christian
10 June - Corpus Christi, (Roman Catholic Holy Day of Obligation)
16 June - Martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev, Sikh
16 June (Night) - Laylat Al Israa Wal-Miraj, Muslim
20 June - Midsummer – Summer Solstice, Pagan
29 June - SS Peter and Paul, Christian, Roman Catholic Holy Day of Obligation

July

3 July - Guru Poornima, Hindu
5 July (Night) – Layat Al Baraat, Muslim
8 July - Fast of Tammuz, Jewish
9 July - Martyrdom of the Báb,
20 July - Ramadhan Fast begins - Month of Fasting, Muslim
28 - 29 July - Fast of Av, Jewish

August

1 August - Lammas, Pagan
1 August - Rakhee/Raksha Bandhan, Hindu
2 August - Dhamma Day, Buddhist
7 August - Commemoration of Imam Ali (AS), Shi’a Muslims
9 August - Shri Krishna Janmashtami, Hindu
9 August - Martyrdom of Imam Ali, Shi’a Muslims
15 August - Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Christian
15 August (Night) - Laylat Al-Qadr, Muslim
18 August - Shenshai Navroze (Parsee Zoroastrian New Year), Zoroastrian
19 August - Eid-Al-Fitr, Muslim
23 August - Khordad Sal (Birth anniversary of prophet Zarathushtra as per the Parsee
Shenshai calendar), Zoroastrian

September

1 September - First reading of Guru Granth, Sikh
12 – 19 September - Paryushan, Jain
16 – 18 September - New Year (Rosh Hashanah), Jewish
19 September - Shri Ganesha Pooja, Hindu
19 September - Samvatsary (This is the last day of Paryushan), Jain

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19 September - Fast of Gedalia, Jewish
22 September - Autumn Equinox, Pagan
25 - 26 September - Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur), Jewish
30 September - Shraddha Paksha begins, Hindu
30 September - 2 October - Tabernacles (Sukkot), Jewish

October

7 - 9 October - Rejoicing of the Law, Jewish
16 October - Navaratri begins, Hindu
20 October - Formal installation of Guru Granth as guidance for Sikhs.
20 October - Birthday of the Báb, Bahá’í
22 October - Durgashtami, Hindu
24 October -Vijayadashmi, Hindu
25 October - Yaum al Arafat (Event during Hajj, Muslim)
26 October - Eid-Al-Adha, Muslim
30 October - Sangha Day, Buddhist
31 October - Samhain, Pagan

November

1 November - All Saints, Christian
2 November - All Souls, Christian
12 November - Birthday of Bahá’u’lláh, Bahá’í
13 November - Diwali, Hindu
13 November - Bandi Chor, Sikh Diwali
13 November - Lord Mahavir's Nirvan (Diwali), Jain
14 November - New Year, Jain
15 November - Islamic New Year 1432
15 - 24 November - 10 days mourning, Shia Muslims
24 November - Yaum Ashoorah, Shia Muslim
24 November - Commemoration of Martyrdom of Guru Teg Bahadur, Sikh
28 November - The birthday of Guru Nanak, Sikh

December

8 - 16 December - Festival of Dedication (Lights/ Chanukah), Jewish
21 December -Yule, winter Solstice, Pagan
23 December - Fast of Tevet, Jewish
25 December - Christmas Day, Christian



NB. Although none of the Bahá’í or Pagan dates are shown in bold, Bahá’í and Pagan
prisoners may choose up to 4 of their festival days on which to be excused from work.




PSI 66/2011                          UNCLASSIFIED                        Issue date 26/10/2011

								
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