Sarops Ocean Sciences by OLJcNLD

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									              SAROPS
                EDS
      Environmental Data Server
                 .

Art Allen
United States Coast Guard – Office of
Search & Rescue


Eoin (Owen) Howlett
ASA
USCG Area of SAR
  Responsibility
      CG wide SAR Statistics

FY      Cases    Lives
                 Saved


‘05     29,780   5,648

’06     28,323   5,290

’07     27,090   5,175
     Search & Rescue Problem
   Create a SAR case when alerted
     Search & Rescue Problem
   Create a SAR case when alerted
   Gather information about case
     Search & Rescue Problem
   Create a SAR case when alerted
   Gather information about case
   Get environmental data & uncertainties
     Search & Rescue Problem
   Create a SAR case when alerted
   Gather information about case
   Get environmental data & uncertainties
   Use model to determine search area
     Search & Rescue Problem
   Create a SAR case when alerted
   Gather information about case
   Get environmental data & uncertainties
   Use model to determine search area
   Estimate resource availability and
    capability
     Search & Rescue Problem
   Create a SAR case when alerted
   Gather information about case
   Get environmental data & uncertainties
   Use model to determine search area
   Estimate resource availability and
    capability
   Plan, promulgate & perform the next
    search
     Search & Rescue Problem
   Create a SAR case when alerted
   Gather information about case
   Get environmental data & uncertainties
   Use model to determine search area
   Estimate resource availability and
    capability
   Plan, promulgate & perform the next
    search
   Evaluate the completed search
     Search & Rescue Problem
   Create a SAR case when alerted
   Gather information about case
   Get environmental data & uncertainties
   Use model to determine search area
   Estimate resource availability and
    capability
   Plan, promulgate & perform the next
    search
   Evaluate the completed search
   Repeat above until survivors
    are found and rescued
       USCG Data Parameters
 Oceanographic                    Purpose:
                                  Search and Rescue Planning
 Purpose:                         Water level - tides and
 Search Object Drift and          meteorological
 survival prediction parameters   Wave - Direction (sea/swell)
            Sea
Currents- -Sea Surface
 Currents                         Wave - Maximum height
 Surface/Subsurface               Wave - Peak period (sea/swell)
 Turbulent dispersion             Wave - Significant height
 coefficient                      (sea/swell)
 Turbulent kinetic energy         White cap probability
                                  Ice Cover
 Turbulent velocity variance
                                  Ice Type
 Temperature - Sea                Ice Thickness
 Surface/Subsurface
                                  Salinity
 River discharge                  Turbidity
       USCG Data Parameters
Atmospheric                      Dew point temperature
                                 Wind chill
Purpose:
                                 Icing potential
Search and Rescue Planning
                                 Precipitation type/rate
Surface Wind Speed (10m)
Surface Wind speed / gusts       Relative humidity
Wind stress                      Atmospheric pressure
                                 Visibility
Wind turbulent kinetic energy
                                 Ceiling altitude
Surface air temperature          Total Cloud Cover
Air temperature daily max/min    Cloud Layers
                                 Winds aloft (Altitudes of 5000 ft
Area forecast information
                                 and greater)
Most recent summary of current   Icing/Freezing layer
conditions
                                 Electromagnetic refractive index
Weather Type                     (ERI)
      Environmental Data
         Server (EDS)
•Access to global/regional current and wind data

• Data from NOAA, NAVY, Regional Associations,
Universities and commercial providers
•Aggregation Services (temporal and spatial)
•Redundancy and Backup
•Objective Analysis Tools
•Web Services Protocols
       SAROPS EDS Data


•Operational Forecast Model Data

•Observation Data (NDBC buoys, satellite,
drifters, Sea Surface Radar, etc.)
•Seasonal data
•Tidal databases (harmonic databases)
                   EDS Services

Global Product   Coastal Product   Aggregated Product   Regional Product




  SLDMB’s                                                    Surface Radar
                       EDS Services

Global Product      Coastal Product    Aggregated Product   Regional Product




  SLDMB’s                                                        Surface Radar




             NAVY Global NCOM Served
             via EDS Data Service
                         EDS Services

Global Product        Coastal Product   Aggregated Product   Regional Product




  SLDMB’s                                                         Surface Radar




            Tidal AdCIRC served
            via EDS Data Service
                       EDS Services

Global Product      Coastal Product   Aggregated Product   Regional Product




  SLDMB’s                                                       Surface Radar




            Global NCOM and ADCIRC
            via EDS Aggregation
            Service
                         EDS Services

Global Product        Coastal Product    Aggregated Product   Regional Product




  SLDMB’s                                                          Surface Radar




            Great Lakes Regional Model
                   EDS Services

Global Product   Coastal Product   Aggregated Product    Regional Product




                                        Aggregation of
                                        short and long
  SLDMB’s                               range CODAR           Surface Radar
                   EDS Services

Global Product   Coastal Product   Aggregated Product   Regional Product




                                                         Objective Analysis
                                                         on Drifting Buoy
  SLDMB’s                                                Data
                                                              Surface Radar
    Example EDS Data Sources
   Winds
    • FNMOC NOGAPS
    • FNMOC COAMPS
    • NOAA NCEP NAM
    • NOAA NCEP GFS
    • NOAA NDFD*
    • NOAA NDBC
    • Regional Models (e.g GLERL)
    Other… commercial

   Currents
    • NAVO Global NCOM
    • NOAA NCEP HYCOM
    • NOS Regional
    • ADCIRC
    • CODAR
    • Regional Models
    Other… Bluelink, Satellite Data (AOML), commercial
Winds
Currents                          THREDDS
           Catalog Server
                            EDS
Drifters
                                  OPeNDAP

           Catalog DB
Weather
Winds
Currents                                        THREDDS
                    Catalog Server
                                      EDS
Drifters
                                                OPeNDAP

                    Catalog DB
Weather




                                     Internet




    SAROPS Client                                 Web Client
Winds
Currents                                                THREDDS
                    Catalog Server
                                            EDS
Drifters
                                                        OPeNDAP

                    Catalog DB
Weather

                                         Web Services



               Web Service XML Request


                                           Internet




    SAROPS Client                                         Web Client
Winds
                                                    •Data Service
Currents                                                       THREDDS
                    Catalog Server                  •Spatial Aggregation Service
                                        EDS
Drifters
                                                               OPeNDAP
                                                    •Temporal Aggregation Service

                    Catalog DB
                                                    •Objective Analysis
Weather

                                     Web Services


                                                    NetCDF Data



                                       Internet




    SAROPS Client                                                  Web Client
Winds
Currents                                                 THREDDS
                    Catalog Server
                                        EDS
Drifters
                                                         OPeNDAP

                    Catalog DB
Weather

                                     Web Services


                                                    OGC
                                                    WMS/WFS/SOS/WCS


                                       Internet




    SAROPS Client                                          Web Client
Winds
Currents                                              THREDDS
                    Catalog Server
                                        EDS
Drifters
                                                      OPeNDAP

                    Catalog DB
Weather

                                     Web Services


                                                    JMBL



                                       Internet




    SAROPS Client                                          Web Client
               Decision Status
   Months 0-12              Month 18                Month 24                 Month 36
     Integration             Transport                Test &                Benchmarked
                                                    Evaluation

                                                   CO-OPS                   Metrics
      Temp         D                               E. GOM        Color
                   A        NWS               O
                                              G     HABS         Currents   •Efficiency
                   T                                             Winds
    Salinity       A        NDBC              C   BULLETIN
                                                                            •Speed
                                              W   PACOOS         All 7      •Resolution
    Currents       C
                   O
                            NOS
                                              F
                                              S
                                                    IEA                     •Accuracy
                   N
      Level        T
                           CO-OPS
                                              -                             •Length
                                              W      NHC         Winds
                   E
                   N                          C    SLOSH         Waves      •Economics
      Color        T                          S   CI MODEL       Level
                                              -
     Winds         S
                           NESDIS             W
                                                                 Temp
                                              M
                   T      Coastwatch          S
                                                     HIF
                                                  PROGRAM
                                                                 Winds
                   D                                             Waves
     Waves                GML/CSML & NetCDF
scheduled
      Feb 2008               Aug 2008               Feb 2009                  Feb 2010
actual 14 November 2007
      May 2008              Aug 2008                Feb 2009                  Feb 2010
       Davis/ CODE drifter
       Self-Locating Datum
      Marker Buoys (SLDMB)




30 minute GPS positions via Argos
  SLDMB Deployments
1 Jan 2006 – 31 Dec 2007
    EDS Uncertainties (knots)
  Product      σu     Гu    σv     Гv
               kts    hrs   kts    hrs
HR Radar Std   0.27   1.5   0.23   1.4
HR Radar LR    0.20   4.1   0.25   3.7
  ADCIRC       0.19   2.7   0.21   3.1
ADCIRC/NCOM    0.24   2.5   0.20   2.7
   GLERL       0.26   2.2   0.26   2.2
   FLDA        0.40   3.2   0.40   5.2
  Mariano      0.34   4.3   0.34   4.6
   HYCOM       0.40   4.0   0.42   4.0
   NCOM        0.35   4.2   0.36   4.2
EDS Oil Spill Use
                 Conclusions

•SAROPS - operational in the USCG since January 2007
•Use of open standards allows for interoperability
•Adding improved regional coastal data
•Need for uncertainty measurements and dispersion coeff’s
•Researching new Lagrangian techniques
            Questions




Art Allen
     Arthur.A.Allen@uscg.mil
Eoin Howlett
     ehowlett@asascience.com

								
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