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									                                                                    :‫زمن الماضي التام‬
Past perfect tense


Had + P.P

Had ----- I , he , she , it , we , they , you
‫مثال‬

I had finished the novel.
He had repaired the car.

                                                     :‫- الكلمات الدالة على الماضي التام‬

After      ‫بعد‬
Before     ‫قبل‬
When       ‫عندما‬

                                                                     After       ‫قاعدة‬
After ------ past perfect ---- past simple
‫مثال‬

After I had written the letter, I posted it.
‫اختصار بريطاني‬
After having written the letter, I posted it.
‫اختصار امريكي‬
After writing the letter, I posted it.


                                                                    Before       ‫قاعدة‬

Before  past simple  past perfect.
‫مثال‬
Before he traveled, he had bought a ticket.
‫اختصار‬
Before traveling, he had bought a ticket.

                                                                      when       ‫قاعدة‬
When  past perfect  past simple               when = after
‫مثال‬
When I had written the letter, I posted it.

When  past simple  past perfect.              When = before
‫مثال‬
When he arrived, I had gone.

When  past simple  past simple.
‫مثال‬
When he arrived, I went.

								
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