SANAKO Study 1200 - Listening Comprehension Training Package Introduction Welcome to the SANAKO Study 1200 Listening Comprehension Training Package. The lessons below will provide detailed and illustrated explanations on four different exercise types that can be performed using the Listening Comprehension activity in SANAKO Study 1200: Listening Comprehension Test, Dictation, Listening Comprehension Exercise and Vocabulary Exercise. In connection with the exercises, we will also have a quick look at topics such as dividing students into sessions, monitoring students, using bookmarks, and launching files and applications to students. If you are not yet familiar to SANAKO Study 1200, you can first go through the Get to know Study 1200 section. Or, you can start directly with Listening comprehension lessons. Get to know Study 1200 This section will guide you through the process of getting started with Study 1200. The first part explains how to start the Study 1200 Tutor application, followed by an introduction to the Study 1200 Tutor application. The last part will show how you can divide the students into sessions and edit the student names and numbers. Starting a class To start the Study 1200 Tutor application, double-click the Study 1200 icon on your desktop. If there is no icon for Study 1200, you can also start the Study 1200 Tutor through the Windows Start menu in the lower left-corner of your screen. Open the Start menu, choose All Programs and then SANAKO Study 1200 and click on Tutor. Before the actual Study 1200 Tutor application is opened you will be asked to select a Tutor and a Class file. In the Tutor list, select yourself or if no tutors have been created for the system, select Anonymous. In the Class File list, select Template Class. After the selections, click OK and the Study 1200 Tutor application will open. The Classroom view The Classroom view displays the students in your class as student icons. You can change the names and student numbers at any time. For more information on naming the students, see the Changing student names and numbers section in this package. Session tabs The students can be divided into six different sessions, which are represented by session tabs. The color of the student icons corresponds with the session that they have been placed into. Teaching with sessions and activities The teaching in the Study 1200 system uses a system of sessions and learning activities. First, select a session that you want to work with. Then, select the activity that you want to perform with the session. After you have defined the various activity-specific settings, clicking on the Start button will start the activity. Function buttons The Study 1200 Tutor application also has function buttons, which can be used either for the currently selected session or for all the students in the class regardless of their sessions. To use a function for the current session, click on the icons. To use a function for all the students in the class, click on the buttons themselves. The Student application The student computers are equipped with the Study 1200 Student application that allows them to communicate with the tutor and to play back learning material. This application is not found on the Tutor computer. When audio material is sent to the students, they can listen to it with the Study Player. Moving students into sessions In the Study 1200 system students can be divided into six different sessions, which have their own session tabs. Empty sessions are gray. Once you have placed students into a session, you can select a teaching activity for each session that the students will participate in. All the students in our current classroom are currently in Session A, which is indicated by the blue color in the student icons. To place half of the students into session B, choose the session B tab and then click on the Add button. The mouse pointer turns into an arrow with a plus sign and you can now click on student icons to place them into session B. The student color changes to reflect the session that they are in. Students can only participate in one session at a time so placing a student into one session will automatically remove them from their current session. When you have finished selecting students, click on the add button again. This ends the student selection mode. We now have half of the students in session A and half in session B while the rest of the sessions are empty. To select an activity for each session, click on the session tab and then choose an activity on the drop-down list. By repeating the process above you can divide students into the six different sessions, or you can naturally also keep all the students in the same session and working on the same activity. Changing student names and numbers In order to customize the teaching environment and to make it match the current seating arrangement, you can at any time edit the names of the students on the classroom view. To change a student’s name, click on a student icon with the right mouse button, choose Edit and then choose Name. Type in a new name for the student and press the Enter button on your keyboard. You can also enter student numbers that are displayed in front of the student name. To enter a new student number, click on a student icon with the right mouse button, choose Edit and then choose Position. Type in a new student number and press the Enter button on your keyboard. Listening Comprehension The listening comprehension activity can be used to test and train the students' listening skills in one or several sessions. Coupled with other types of activities, the students can become more proficient not only in their listening skills, but also in their speaking and writing skills. Lesson 1 - Listening Comprehension test Listening comprehension tests can be used to measure students’ understanding of spoken language with the use of different test types, for example, multiple choice questions, fill-in-the- gaps, or open questions. In a listening comprehension test the students will hear the material that is played or read to them by the teacher and will have to complete the test without the possibility of rewinding and listening to the source material again. In this lesson you learn how to use Study 1200 features • to give instruction to students with Talk function • to lock and unlock student PCs Step 1 - Selecting a session and adding students to it If all of your students are not in Session A by default, the first thing to do is to regroup them into Session A. When you click on A at the top of the screen, the left-hand side of the screen turns blue. Then go to Select members for session and click on the Add button. When it is active, it looks like a tiny plus inside a square, now you can lasso all the students, who are taking the listening comprehension test into group A. As you can see, all the students on the right side of your screen now have blue pullovers. Step 2 - Giving instruction to students This time the multiple choice questions are opened from file and launched onto the students' screens. In addition, the students are given answer sheet handouts. Naturally, multiple choice is not the only test type suitable for the testing of listening skills, instead of multiple choice the students could be for example presented with open ended questions or asked to write a summary in the target language or their mother tongue based on what they heard. When everybody has the handout and is ready to take the test you can give the students their instructions using the Talk function. Click on a small icon on the left side of the Talk button and talk to your students, "Hello everybody, today we are going to do a listening comprehension test. Please, make sure you have written your name on the handout. You will hear the story twice. First straight through and then in sections." Step 3 - Controlling the student PCs There are different ways of controlling student PCs with Study 1200. Here we are going to lock the PCs because the students are about to take a listening comprehension test. That way we can be sure that they can not use their PCs in any way during the test. Lock the PCs clicking on the PC control icon and selecting the Lock PC option. The student icon indicates that the student PC is locked. You can unlock the PCs by clicking on the same icon and selecting the Lock PC option again. Step 4 - Selecting the activity Go to Activity selection. Open the drop down list by clicking on the little arrow on the right of Self-Access. The drop list opens and you can click on Listening comprehension. You may have several different types of media sources and even some external sources at your disposal. This time the test is on an Audio CD. When Media source selection appears, click on Audio CD. Use the control buttons to find the right place on the CD. When you are ready to start the actual listening test, just click on the Start button. Step 5 - Finishing the test At the end of the test, click on the End button to stop transmitting the Audio file. Talk to your students using the Talk icon, "That was the end of the test. Please, place the answer sheets on my desk on your way out." To finish the entire session, click on Clear session. Lesson 2 - Dictation exercise Dictation is an excellent means for practising and testing both listening and writing skills. More often than not the focus is on grammar and orthography. Dictation is particularly usable when the pronunciation and spelling of the target language differ markedly from each other. Dictation can be used to ascertain whether a student has studied the text they had for homework well enough. The teacher simply chooses certain sentences from the text that has been studied, making sure that the chosen sentences contain the relevant grammar points and vocabulary and dictates them to the students. In that case the teacher is the Media source called Tutor. The teacher can also play the selected sentences to the students from an audio source or a file if one is at their disposal. In that case the media source can be any analog audio such as a cassette if an external source is available or a digital source such as a Media file. Alternatively, the teacher can recycle the material that was studied and write slightly different sentences that contain the relevant points. This is particularly usable for testing purposes. In that case the teacher acts as the Media source. In this lesson you learn how to use Study 1200 features • to launch an application to student PCs • to give instruction to students with Talk function • to provide students with Session files Step 1 - Selecting a session and adding students to it The listening comprehension activity can be used to practise dictation in one or several sessions. If all of your students are not in session A by default, the first thing to do is to regroup them into session A, since all of the students are doing the same dictation exercise. Go to the top of your screen and click on A. The left-hand side of the screen turns blue. Then go to Select members for session and click on the Add button. When it is active, it looks like a tiny plus inside a square, now you can lasso all the students, who are doing the dictation into group A. As you can see, all the students on the right side of your screen now have blue pullovers. Step 2 - Launching a program Look for the PC control button under the Talk button. Select Launch program. Browse to find Notepad. When you find it, click on Open. Then choose how large or small you would like the application to be on the students' screens. To open Notepad on the students' screens, click on the Launch button. Step 3 - Giving instruction to the students Click on Talk icon and give your instructions, "Hello everybody, today we are going to do a dictation exercise. Please, use the Notepad application on your screens to write what you hear. I will read the sentences twice. First at normal pace and then with pauses." Step 4 - Selecting the activity Go to Activity selection. Select Listening comprehension from the drop-down menu. When the Media source selection appears, click on Tutor. When you are ready to start, just click on the Start button. Then read the sentences twice to the students. First with natural speed and the second time around slightly slower with pauses where punctuation indicates for a natural pause or when you deem necessary to give the students enough time to write down what you said. Step 5 - Providing students with Session files To check the dictation exercise, you can open the dictation text on the student screens and the students can make any necessary corrections themselves. Go to Files and open the dictation text on the students' screens. Look for the white underlined Files text at the top of the left area of your screen. It's right under the activity you have chosen e.g. Listening comprehension written in black. When you click on it the Files window opens. The top part of the Files window displays the files in the file area of session A and the bottom part of the Files window displays the files in your Tutor file area. To open the dictation text file for the students, click on the text file and then click on the Launch button. The file is opened on the student screens and the students can now compare their writing with the model text. It is a good idea to keep materials, you use frequently in the Tutor files, especially keys and tests are better kept in the Tutor files area to be moved to the Session files area only when it is time to launch them to the students because students have access to the Session files when the Student applications are not locked. When the file is in the right Session files area, namely A, then you can Preview it to make sure that it is indeed the file you wanted. If that is the case click on Launch and have each student check their own dictation. Click again on Talk to instruct your students, "It is time to check your work. I have placed the key in your session files area. Open the file by double clicking on it and check your dictation." Step 6 - Finishing the activity At the end of the exercise, click on the End button. To finish the entire session, click on Clear session. Lesson 3 - Listening Comprehension exercise Listening comprehension exercises provide an excellent way of training students’ ability to understand spoken language, regardless of whether the aim is the general understanding of different spoken material or the ability to recognise minor differences in tone, intonation, or similar words. In listening comprehension exercises students are free to go over the audio material at their own pace. The students will be divided into two groups in preparation for a written comparative commentary on a key scene of a novel. Both groups will write their commentary on the same key scene but they will perform two different tasks while preparing for their home assignment. The students in Session A will have a different audio source than the students in Session B. Session A students will listen to the very same key scene they will later analyse at home and answer questions, which attempt to steer them into the right direction, while the students in Session B will listen to a sample analysis of another key scene from the same novel after they have attempted to analyse it themselves. Both groups have full access to all the materials, therefore, all the students can work at their own pace, while the teacher can monitor their work and offer individual assistance to each student. In this lesson you learn how to use Study 1200 features • to provide students with Session files • to give intsruction to students with Talk function • to launch a program to student PC • to use Call teacher function • to monitor and control student applications Step 1 - Selecting a session and adding students to it Here we are going to have two groups, one of which will be answering questions in Session A and the other group will be in Session B taking notes. Both groups will be working on their advanced literary analysis assignments at their own pace. We are going to diversify both in terms of pace and skill levels. To place some of the students in Session A go to the top of your screen and click on A. The left-hand side of the screen turns blue. Then go to Select members for session and click on the Add button. When it is active, it looks like a tiny plus inside a square, now you can lasso all the students, who are going to answer questions on a key scene into Session A. As you can see, all the students on the right side of your screen in Session A now have blue pullovers. Next group the students, who will be taking notes while listening to a key scene analysis into Session B. Go to the top of your screen and click on B. The left-hand side of the screen turns orange. Then go to Select members for session and click on the Add button. When it is active, it looks like a tiny plus inside a square, now you can lasso the students you want into group B. As you can see, all the students on the right side of your screen in Session B now have orange pullovers. Step 2 - Providing students with Session files Session A will be listening to a key scene to find answers to the questions, which we can either launch or give as handouts. Here the teacher places three Media files at the students' disposal in the Session files. Therefore, they can work at their own pace. Look for the white underlined Files text at the top of the left area of your screen. It's right under the activity you have chosen e.g. Listening comprehension written in black. When you click on it the Files window opens. Click on A to see which files are listed in the Session files area and which ones are in the Tutor files area. If the three files are not already in the Session files or the Tutor area, you need to browse and find them on your computer. First, you need to decide if you want to import them directly into the session files or to your own Tutor files. Here we are going to place the files in the Tutor files area first because we intend to use the materials later with other groups and do not want to leave them in the Session files for the students to look at whenever they like. Click on Add at the top right corner of the screen and Select files to add opens. If you double click the files one at a time, they will appear in the Session files area of the screen. On the other hand if the file already exists in the Tutor files area, all you need to do is to click on Copy to move it upwards to the Session files area. It is a good idea to keep the materials, you use frequently in your Tutor files. Step 3 - Giving instruction to Session A Since the students are now in two sessions, you can either give the same instruction to both sessions at the same time using the Talk button or different instructions to both groups. If the students are working on different tasks, it is preferable to give two sets of instructions. To do that you need to move between groups. First sort out group A. Activate Session A by clicking on A. The left side of your screen should turn blue. Look for the Talk button. On its left side there is a small icon if you leave your cursor on it, a textbox appears. It says, "Talk to session A." You can now instruct Session A students, "Hello everybody, today you are going to listen to an excerpt from a very important piece of fiction. First, just listen to the audio file. Then open the questions file and the excerpt file. Answer the questions. You can listen to the original audio file again and again. You can find all the materials on file. I have placed both the audio file, excerpt file and questions file in the Session files, which allows for you to work at your own pace. When you are finished with today's assignment, pick up the handouts from the table at the back of the room and start working on your key scene analysis. They are due next Monday." Here the idea is to help the less adept students at literary analysis to find the relevant passages in the key scene. Step 4 - Launching a program to Session B Then activate Session B by clicking on B. The left side of your screen turns orange. Now find the PC Control button. On its left there is a small icon. If you leave your cursor on it, a textbox appears. It says, "Open PC controls menu B." Select Launch program. Browse to find Notepad. When you find it, click on Open. Then choose how large or small you would like the application to be on the students' screens. To open Notepad on the student's screens, click on the Launch button. Step 5 - Giving instruction to Session B Now, students in session A are working busily away, and you can focus your attention on Session B. In order not to disturb students in Session A, it is advisable to give instructions to Session B using the small icon on the left hand side of the Talk button but first you must make sure that Session B is active and the left side of the screen orange. Here again if you are uncertain, you can leave your cursor on the icon to verify that yes, indeed, you are about to address only session B. The textbox should read, "Talk to session B." Now you can tell them what you want them to do, "Hello, today you are going to listen to a sample analysis of a key scene. To begin, pick up a handout from my table. It is the key scene. You will have 20 minutes to analyse it. When your time is up I will play the audio file of the sample analysis of the same scene. You can listen to the sample analysis as many times as you like. Compare your ideas to the ones on the audio file. When you are finished with today's assignment, pick up the handouts from the table at the back of the room and start working on your key scene analysis. They are due next Monday." The above is an example of differentiation to cater for different skill levels as well as allowing each student the opportunity to work at their own pace. Both groups will analyse the same key scene for next Monday, but group B is left to their own devices, which makes the task more challenging and therefore interesting for the more adept students. The sample scene was from the same novel but not the same scene. Students in session A got a little bit more help. The idea is to help the less adept students to reach a level where they will feel comfortable discussing the key scenes in class. Step 6 - Calling the teacher If a student needs further instructions or private tutoring, he or she can reach you by clicking the Call button on their Student Media Player. Alternatively, they too can send a written message if they click on the small icon to the right of the Call button. You will see, when a student wants to reach you because a speech bubble with a question will appear next to the Thumbnail. Step 7 - Monitoring and controlling the Student applications While the students work, the teacher monitors them. Since there are two sessions, we must first check that we are monitoring the right Session. If we want to see what the students in Session A are doing, we click on A and the left side of the screen turns blue. If we want to monitor the students in session B, we click on B and the left side of the screen turns orange. When you have chosen one of the sessions, look for the Screen control button. It's under the Talk and Pc control buttons. Since we now have two Sessions, we need to click on the small icon on the left hand side of the text to gain access to each of them separately instead of just clicking on the Screen control button itself, which we would do if there was only one session. You have a choice between Autoscan and Thumbnails. Here we are going to select Thumbnails, because that way we can easily see at one glance what all the students in that session are currently doing. It is very interesting for the teacher to be able to follow the process rather than just the finished product. To get a better view of each student's screen, we can click on the tiny Thumbnail. When the connection is formed and the window with the student's name on top of it appears, we can click on the Remote control button. If we notice that one of the students needs help, we can talk to them by clicking the Thumbnail. When the window with the students name appears, we can reach the student by clicking the Discuss button or if the matter is not urgent, we can send them written advice if we click on the Messages button. Under the Remote control button we also find the Collaborate button, which gives us the opportunity to actually write together with the student. There we can also cease the entire screen and delete anything which should not be on the screen. Should we notice that a student is not doing what he or she was supposed to do, in addition to giving them a stiff talking to, we can take control of their PC by clicking on the PC control button. There we can click on Shut down operations or Lock the PC or Lock the screen or Lock the keyboard and mouse. Step 8 - Finishing the sessions Go back to Files and first remove the three files you placed in the Session files for session A. Click on A to see them. Then activate one file at a time or all the files simultaneously and click on the Remove button. All the files are still in your Tutor files area and can be easily moved upwards to the Sessions are later on. Since the time is up, you can just click on the Talk button to tell the students that the class is over instead of informing each group separately. To finish the entire session, click on Clear session. Lesson 4 - Vocabulary exercise Many types of vocabulary exercises can be used in connection with listening activities in particular with elementary or intermediate level learners. However, it is possible to design vocabulary activities also for advanced learners. Songs can be used to bring the culture of the target language into the classroom and motivate the students. Here you will see three different types of vocabulary exercises connected to a song. Each activity is at a different level. Most song lyrics can be found on the Net. Many sites offer downloadable music files. The media source can be any analog audio such as a CD or a digital source such as a Media file. Here the source material is going to be the same song for each group. All three groups can listen to the same song if there is a Media file of it. Alternatively, they can work on different songs according to their age and skill level. In this lesson you learn how to use Study 1200 features • to lock student screens • to give instruction to students • to form pairs and groups • to use Call teacher function Step 1 - Selecting a session and adding students to it First we are going to place the students into three Sessions. Go to the top of your screen and click on A. The left-hand side of the screen turns blue. Then go to Select members for session and click on the Add button. Now you can lasso all the students, who are doing the dictation into group A. As you can see, all the students on the right side of your screen now have blue pullovers. Session A will be working on an elementary level gap fill. Then click on B and select the students you want for Session B. Here we need an even number of students because they will be engaged in pair work. They will do an intermediate level talking crossword exercise. Then click on C and select the students into session C. They will be working on an advanced level activity in groups. Step 2 - Controlling the students PCs We are going to lock the Session A students' screens to help them to focus on the task at hand. They need to be able to listen to the song as many times as they like while filling the gaps. That is why they need to be able to use their mice. Find the PC control button and click on the small icon on the left of it when Session A is active. Then click on Lock screen. The Session B and C students do not need to write anything. Therefore, we can just lock their PCs to make sure their undivided attention is on the pair work activity. This time click on Lock PC. Step 3 - Giving instruction to the students Although, all the students are now in three different sessions, you can give all of them instructions using the Talk button, but you may prefer to give each group separate instruction. Click on the small Talk icon to the left of the Talk button when each session is active and give the instructions. Step 4 - Selecting the activity and providing students with Session files (Session A) First, you need to select the activity, media source and files for Session A. Go to the Activity selection and choose Listening comprehension. Then go to the Media source selection and choose File. Browse to find the right file. Open it and a text appears at the bottom left informing you which .wav or .mp3 or .mff file you chose. When the file is in the right Session files area, namely A, you can Preview it to make sure that it is indeed the file you wanted. If it is, click on Launch. If the file in question was already in the Session files, the students can just open it and start working. Click again on the left side icon next to the Talk button to instruct your students, "Good morning everybody, I have placed a gap fill exercise in your session files area. Open the file by double clicking on it and fill the gaps while listening to the song. You can listen to it as many times as you like." Step 5 - Selecting the activity and providing students with Session files (Session C) Now, it is time to provide Session C with instructions and the document they will be working on. Each student will begin by working on their own. Then you are going to form groups of 3-5 students, where they will discuss their ideas. At this point, it is enough to see to it that the document is placed in the Sessions files area for Session C and instruct them to open it, "Hello, I have placed an exercise in your session files area. You are to open it. Each of you will have 10 minutes to read the lyrics of a song. Try to figure out which of the three alternatives on each line is the original word. When your time is up, you will in groups discuss which of the words is the original one and reach a consensus. You will report back to the other groups in your session. You will hear the song at the end of the lesson." Step 6 - Forming pairs and groups When Sessions A and C are doing their assignment, you can turn your attention to Session B. They will do a talking crossword, which is based on the lyrics of the song. Student 1 has all the words that are placed horizontally and student 2 all the words that are placed vertically. Student 1 begins by explaining one of the words, "Word one is something that …" Student 2 tries to guess it. Then Student 2 explains one of his or her words, and student 1 tries to guess which word it is. You can ask the students to write the words. Then a handout would be better, but here they are just going to talk. Begin by checking that Session B is active and the left side of your screen is orange. Then go to Activity selection and choose Discussion. Select the media source as before. Then go to Select group size and grouping method. When you grouped the students, you saw to it that there would be an even number of students. You can either click on the Fixed to pair each student with the person sitting next to them. Or you can choose to click Random, then the program pairs the students randomly or Select, where you handpick the pairs by actually clicking on the student icons on the right hand side of the teacher's screen. Click on the Start to start the activity. When group C's time is up, go to Activity selection and choose Discussion. Use the arrows to find the number 4, then click on Random. If there is an uneven number of students the program will automatically place 3 or 5 students into one group if you have ticked the option Group odd students automatically. At this point, you click again on the small icon to the left of the Talk button and give the groups their new instructions, "It is time to start discussing which of the words is the original one and why. Try to reach a consensus. You have 20 minutes at your disposal." Click on the Start to start the activity. Step 7 - Calling the teacher If any of the students in Session A needs further instructions or private tutoring, he or she can reach you by clicking the Call button on their Study Student application. Alternatively, they too can send a written message if they click on the small icon to the right of the Call button. You will see, when a student wants to reach you because a speech bubble with a question will appear next to the Thumbnail. Students in Sessions B and C will not be able to use the Call button or do anything at all with their keyboard or mouse because their PCs were locked. If you think that it is important for the students to be able to call you for guidance at any point, then you should instead of locking their PCs just lock their screens. Step 8 - Finishing the sessions At the end of the lesson both Sessions B and C will finally hear the song. You have the option of regrouping the students that are now in two different sessions B and C into just one session - why not make it D. You would have to do that if your audio was analog, but since it is on a Media file, you can just transmit it to both of the groups at the same time during the same session. Activate Session B. Go to Activity selection. Choose Listening comprehension. Go to Media source selection. Select File. Browse for the right file. Open it and click on Start to start the transmission. Repeat the same procedure with Session C. While the students in sessions B and C are listening to the song. You can check the gap fill exercise that the Session A students did or you can have them check it themselves. In the latter case, you simply place the file in the Session A's Session files area. To finish the entire session, click on End and Clear session. You have to do it separately for every session.
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