Thematic Review 2011 by 3244qB

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									Thematic Review: The purpose of the thematic essay is to test your understanding of BROAD THEMES of World History over time. While you will
not have documents, you are given great freedom to determine what you will write about.
The most popular topics over the past ten years are:
    1. Geography
    2. Change: Revolutions, ideas, turning points
    3. Influence of Individuals
    4. Belief Systems
    5. Political and Economic Systems
    6. Human Rights
This packet will give you some examples of thematic essay questions and ask you to create notes for yourself so that you will not be surprised on the
Final.
Geography and the Environment: This theme has to do with relationships among people, places, and environments. Environment means the surroundings,
including natural elements and elements created by humans.
Thematic: Geography: Geographic factors have influenced historical developments and historical events of nations and regions.
     o Task: Choose two nations and/or regions and for each:
     o Identify and describe two geographic factors in each nation and/or region
     o Explain how each factor has influenced the historical development or a specific historical event in each nation and/or region

Geographic      Specific Nation or        Positive effects on that nation or region                 Negative effects on that nation or region
Feature:        Region
Rivers




Mountains
Deserts or
Rainforests




Bodies of
Water
(Peninsula,
Isthmus,
Islands,
Archipelago)




Climate
Belief Systems: are the established, orderly ways in which a group or individuals look at religious faith or philosophical tenets
        o A belief system is an established, orderly way that groups or individuals look at religious faith or philosophical principles. These systems
           have often affected politics, society, and the economy in the nations or regions in which they are practiced.
        o Task: Select two belief systems from your study of global history and for each
               Explain one major idea of the belief system
               Discuss the effects the belief system has had on the politics, society, and/or the economy of a specific nation or region
Belief System    Specific Nation or Major Ideas of the Belief System                        Effect of belief system on the politics, society, and/or
and founder      region                                                                     the economy of a specific nation or region

Animism




Buddhism




Confucianism
Hinduism




Islam




Judaism
    Political Systems: address certain basic questions such as: What should a government have the power to do? What should a government not
    have the power to do?
        o Political systems have affected the history and culture of nations and societies.
        o Task:
        o Choose two different political systems and for each
                Describe the characteristics of the political system
                Discuss how the political system has affected the history or culture of a specific nation or society
 Thematic: Political Change
        o Often, governments implement policies in an attempt to change society.
        o Task: Choose one example from global history where a government attempted to change society and
                Describe the change the government wanted to bring about
                Explain why the government wanted to make this change
                Describe one specific policy the government used to try to bring about this change
                Discuss the extent to which this change was achieved
Political System Characteristics                        How Affected Specific Nation or        Specific Policies this type of Government tried to
                                                        region                                 bring about.
Absolute
Monarchy




Direct
Democracy
Parliamentary
Democracy




Communism




Fascism
Feudalism




Totalitarianism
  Individuals in History:
   Theme: Change — Ideas
         • The ideas of individuals have had a significant influence on groups, nations, and regions.
         • Task: Select two individuals and for each
                 Explain a specific idea developed by the individual
                 Describe the historical circumstances that surrounded the development of the idea
                 Discuss how the idea influenced a group or a nation or a region

      Theme: Change [Individuals Who Have Changed History]
          o The beliefs and achievements of individuals have changed global history. These beliefs and achievements have had positive and negative
            effects on society.
          o Task: Identify two individuals who have changed global history and for each:
                 Explain one belief or achievement of that individual
                 Discuss the positive and/or negative effects of the individual’s belief or achievement
Individual     Specific     Idea                Historical Circumstances      How idea affected specific Positive and negative effects of that
               Writing                                                        nation or region             idea
Adam Smith




Confucius




Deng
Xiaoping
Galileo




Isaac Newton




Johan
Gutenberg




John Locke
Joseph Stalin




Karl Marx




Kemal
Atatürk




Machiavelli
Mao Zedong




Martin Luther




Mikhail
Gorbachev




Mohandas
Gandhi
Otto von
Bismarck




Peter the
Great
Economic Systems must answer the three basic economic questions: What goods and services are to be produced and in what quantities? How
shall these goods and services be produced? For whom shall these goods and services be produced?
      Thematic: Economic Systems
          o Societies have developed different economic systems for many reasons. Some of these economic systems include manorialism,
            capitalism, and communism.
          o Task: Identify one society and one economic system that has been used or is being used in that society and
                  Discuss the historical circumstances surrounding the development of that economic system
                  Describe two features of the economic system
                  Evaluate the impact the economic system had on this society during a specific historical period

Economic System     Historical                     Features                                  Impact on a specific society
Traditional
Economy



Manorialism




Mercantilism
Capitalism




Marxist Socialism
(Communism)
Turning Points/Change: Turning points are times when decisive changes occur. Turning points often have political, social and cultural impact.
   Thematic: Turning Points Turning points are major events in history that have led to lasting change.
        o Task: Identify two major turning points in global history and for each:
                 Describe the historical circumstances surrounding the turning point
                 Explain how each turning point changed the course of history
Turning Point             Date         Historic circumstances                            How this changed the course of history
Neolithic Revolution




Industrial Revolution




French Revolution




The Russian Revolution
The Crusades




Renaissance




Reformation




The Enlightenment




Voyages of Columbus




Collapse of Communism in
the Soviet Union
Justice and Human Rights: Justice is fair, equal, proportional, or appropriate treatment given to individuals in interpersonal, societal, or governmental
interactions. Human rights are those basic political, economic and social rights to which all human beings are entitled. At times throughout history, justice and
human rights have been violated. Some of these abuses include: unequal treatment under the law; ethnic persecution; religious persecution; any sort of
persecution.

   Thematic: Human Rights Violations

            o   The human rights of many groups have been violated at different times in various nations and regions. Efforts by governments,
                groups, and individuals to resolve these human rights violations have met with mixed results.
            o   Task: Select two groups who have experienced human rights violations in a specific nation or region and for each
                    Describe one historical circumstance that led to a human rights violation in the nation or region
                    Describe one example of a human rights violation in that nation or region
                    Discuss the extent to which a government, a group, or an individual made an attempt to resolve this human rights violation

Group                  Historical Circumstance                           Violation                              How problem was “fixed”
Apartheid




The Holocaust
Women’s Suffrage




The Slave Trade




Caste System




Chinese students
in Tiananmen
Square




Indigenous people
in Latin America
during the
Encounter
      Event         Dates    Description: What key ideas? Influences? Key people?

Code of            1800 BC
Hammurabi



English Bill of    1688 AD
Rights



Laws of the        450 BC
Twelve Tables



Justinian’s Code



The Sharia




Magna Carta        1215
Nationalism: is a feeling of pride in and devotion to one’s country or the desire of a people to control their own government. It is sometimes
a divisive force and sometimes a force that unifies. In many cases it is a source of conflict.
     Thematic: Theme: Nationalism
            o Throughout history, nationalist movements have begun in different countries and regions with the hope of achieving either unification or
               independence. The results of these movements have been mixed.
            o Task: Select one country or region and
                    Describe the historical circumstances that led the people of this country or region to begin a nationalist movement
                    Describe a goal of the nationalist movement
                    Discuss a method used to achieve this goal
                    Discuss the results of this nationalist movement on this country or region

Nationalist Movement Historical Circumstances and                      Goal              Method                  Results
                     important people
German Unification




Italian Unification




Indian Independence
Zionism




African Independence
Movements




Turkey




Pan-Arabism




Balkans
Conflict has occurred throughout history, and its costs have sometimes been very high. The causes of conflict may be political, social or
economic.
          Thematic: Conflict
              o Conflicts between groups of people have threatened peace in many nations and regions.
              o Task: Identify one conflict that has threatened peace in a nation or region and
                      Discuss one major cause of that conflict
                      Identify two opposing groups involved in the conflict and discuss one viewpoint of each group
                      Discuss the extent to which the conflict was or was not resolved

Conflict            Dates      Causes       Two opposing                          How was the conflict resolved/not resolved
                                              groups

World War I




World War II




Cold War
      Movement of People and Goods: Cultural Diffusion is the constant exchange of people, ideas, products, technology and institutions from
       one region or civilization to another.
      Thematic:: Trade
          o Trade routes and trade organizations have had an impact on nations and regions. The effects have been both positive and negative.
          o Task: Identify two trade routes and/or trade organizations and for each
                   Explain one reason for the establishment of the trade route or trade organization
                   Discuss one positive effect or one negative effect of the trade route or trade organization on a specific nation or region
Trade Route                 Reason for         Specific Positive effects                        Specific Negative effects
                            trade route
African Trade Routes




Silk Road




Crusades




Columbian Exchange




European Union
Imperialism: is the domination by one country of the political and economic life of another country or region. Imperialism has had both positive and
negative effects on colonies.
 Example of Imperialism         Historical circumstances            Positive effects                                 Negative effects
 British in India




European Powers in Africa




Japan in Asia

								
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